Kai Dickmann and Paul Ronzheimer, chief editor and senior correspondent respectively "Bilda", they considered it important to interview Vitaliy Klitschko in Kiev (at the Millennium Hotel), since, according to his own statement, he is a presidential candidate in Ukraine. Among other things, the interview touched upon the Russian topic.
According to Mr. Klitschko, the Ukrainian people already feel: the oppression of the state and its police apparatus is gone forever.
When asked by a correspondent that Russia brought its army units on the Ukrainian border into combat readiness, and if Klitschko is not afraid of this, the former boxer replied that Russia's reaction was worrying him. He noted that "there were attempts by some media to depict a picture of a coup and protesting radicals." This is wrong, says Klitschko. However, Russia is currently trying to exert a strong influence on the east of Ukraine, Klitschko said, and therefore "we must be very careful."
A direct question followed: “Are you afraid of Russia's military invasion of Ukraine?” Klitschko said that he could not imagine such a thing, because such an escalation is undesirable for both parties. According to the presidential candidate, there is more likely a question about Yanukovych. He must be brought before a Ukrainian court. Further, Klitschko noted that Yanukovych was probably hiding in the Crimea, in a Russian military camp.
What can Germany do, asked the journalists, and what can the European Union do?
To this, Klitschko replied that the EU plays a very important role and must negotiate with Putin. And it would be desirable for the EU to play the role of a mediator and try to prevent unrest in the region.
Who has power in Kiev today? The ex-boxing champion believes that there is a power vacuum, and this can be dangerous. Therefore, he believes, it is necessary to form a transitional government “as soon as possible”, and it will solve the urgent problems in the country. It is not only about restoring order, but also about eliminating the threat of "default." As for the latter, V. Klitschko expects "urgent assistance from the EU."
«Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung» publishes news on the speech of US Secretary of State John Kerry.
The United States plans through the IMF and other international organizations to give Ukraine a loan of a billion dollars. In addition, the Obama administration is considering the option of direct assistance to Ukraine. D. Kerry said about this late Wednesday evening in Washington.
According to him, a billion is not enough to "proclaim the onset of democracy." Kerry's words about helping Ukraine received strong support in Congress. The interim Ukrainian government needs up to 35 billion of dollars in aid so that it can avoid bankruptcy, the German edition notes.
Frank Ninghuizen from Sueddeutsche Zeitung notes that the candidacy of Yulia Tymoshenko for the presidency seems to be very controversial to Ukrainians. Ukrainians, especially young ones, will vote for other candidates.
The author cites several opinions, from which it becomes clear that Tymoshenko today is not very popular and is only a kind of symbol of the past, and, according to some commentators, she has “dirty hands” that once concerned a “suitcase with money”. Others do not like the fact that Tymoshenko herself “hesitates.” The bulk of young people is also against the "enriched" Tymoshenko.
Many rely on Klitschko, who, unlike Tymoshenko, serves as a symbol of change.
In principle, let us add from myself, it is not surprising that the German newspaper (and not only it) focuses on Klitschko. It is known that Klitschko is a protege of the EU, unlike Yatsenyuk, promoted by the White House, which confirms the recent non-intelligent “factor” addressed to the EU from Victoria Nuland, the ladies from the State Department.
In another note from Sueddeutsche Zeitung it is reported that the “Council of Maidan” wants to promote Arseniy Yatsenyuk to the prime ministers. Yatsenyuk himself explained to the Maidan that the new government will face the huge problem of saving the country. (In a sense, sarcastically note in brackets, Mr. Yatsenyuk has already entered himself into history new Ukraine as a savior.)
However, the German edition notes, many have booed Yatsenyuk’s candidacy. People do not believe that this person will give the country a new start. This is despite the fact that “The Financial Times” called Yatseniuk “the favorite of the Americans,” the article notes. Although he was only 39 years old, he already held many major posts: he was Minister of Foreign Affairs, speaker of parliament and temporarily headed the Central Bank of Ukraine. In addition, he was a member of the “trio” that publicly opposed Yanukovych, along with Vitali Klitschko and nationalist Oleg Tyagnibok.
The note also refers to the reaction of Russia to the Ukrainian events.
In response to political upheavals in a neighboring country, Russia checked the combat readiness of its troops at the border, the authors write. NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen on Wednesday at a meeting of NATO defense ministers in Brussels did not find any provocations in this and nothing reprehensible at all. In his opinion, Moscow has not gone beyond the "framework." He believes that Russia fulfills all international obligations.
Meanwhile, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu announced measures to ensure the security of Russian facilities in Crimea. This peninsula, reminds a German newspaper, populated mainly by Russians, is the most important base of the Black Sea fleet Russia.
Thus, it is clear that today Washington is staking on Yatsenyuk, and Europe is on Klitschko, which indicates serious frictions between the EU and the US on the Ukrainian issue. The figure of Tymoshenko is not taken into account, it was written off as a "symbol of the past." In the actions of Russia on the border, NATO does not see anything threatening. However, the statements of representatives of NATO can not be trusted.
«Handelsblatt» talks about where all the Ukrainian money went (budget).
In the long term, according to a short article, Ukraine probably needs 25 billion euros. At the same time in the country there is an acute problem of lack of money in the treasury. They say about former President Viktor Yanukovych that he exported a billion of his own from Ukraine every year. However, there are other assessments - according to Elmar Brock, the head of the foreign affairs committee in the European Parliament, Yanukovych allegedly exported from eight to ten billion dollars. But which country? Others claim that even to Germany. Anyway, to Europe. Yanukovych’s clique has been rumored to have continued to draw from the budget in recent years.
Benjamin Bidder ("Spiegel online") discusses whether the Crimea will separate from Ukraine and why the Russians check the combat readiness of their army at the border. The article touches upon the issue of the Crimean Tatars.
Here they are, face to face, opponents and supporters of the Ukrainian revolution, the author writes. It occurs 700 kilometers to the south, on the Crimean peninsula. “Russia, Russia!” They shout in the square in front of the regional parliament (Simferopol), which is still officially called the Supreme Soviet, as if the Soviet Union were alive. "Glory to Ukraine!" - rushing battle cry from the other side. These cries are sometimes mixed with the slogan: “Allah Akbar!”, The journalist notes.
Opponents of the new revolution demand the reunification of the peninsula with Russia. The German author recalls that Crimea was a part of Russia until it was transferred to Ukraine in 1954 by the Kremlin leader Nikita Khrushchev, a native of Ukraine.
Russians make up about 60% of the population of Crimea, the author says. They watch Russian TV channels, and they say "rubles", even paying for Ukrainian "Grywna". Many in the Crimea attribute the fall of President Yanukovych to the activities of evil nationalists. Fighters of the Berkut police unit in Crimea are welcomed as heroes.
In the port of Sevastopol - the ships of the Russian Black Sea Fleet. In Russia, every child knows that Sevastopol is a hero-city. During the siege and assault by the Germans in World War II, a German correspondent writes, tens of thousands of people were killed here; only nine houses in the whole city remained untouched.
Tatyana Ermakova, the head of the “Russian community” in Sevastopol, has already appealed to Russian President Vladimir Putin for help: after all, revolutionaries want to “destroy the Russian world.”
According to the author of the material, Russia, with its maneuvers near the western border, behaves like a Pyromaniac sitting on a powder keg. The Russians, although they form the majority of the population of the Crimea, will certainly face a minority of Tatars. Now they make up about 15 percent of the population and are the main opponents of unification with Russia. They will provide "decent resistance," said their leader Refat Chubarov.
But the article by Julia Smirnova from Simferopol, published in «Die Welt».
“I am sure that Crimea should belong to Russia. We can no longer live with these nationalists, ”says the pro-Russian Igor.
“We will not allow splitting the Crimea. Crimea belongs to Ukraine, not Russia, ”says Ruslan, a Crimean Tatar.
Those who stand nearby, intervene in the dispute.
"A million Tatars were destroyed by Russia." “And who was in power, the Georgians Stalin and Beria, or the Russians?” - “Our fathers fought together against fascism, and now you support the Nazis in Kiev.” - “Read the story!” - “You are provocateurs.” “We are here for our ideas.” “If Russia sends troops to the Crimea, we will protect ourselves.”
In Simferopol, the capital of the Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea, yesterday there were fights. People beat each other here and there, writes Julia Smirnova. At least 20 people were injured. One man died of a heart attack, this was confirmed by the Ministry of Health of the Crimea.
A minority of Crimean Tatars want to prevent the separation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea at any cost. "Ukraine! Ukraine! ”They shout. And they also shout: “Down with the gang!” And “Allah Akbar.” Some of these people tried to storm the parliament building.
The Russians, in turn, chant: “Russia!” And “Golden Eagle”.
The national conflict on the peninsula, which plays a special role for Russia, can lead to serious consequences, according to the author of the material.
“If the question of separation is raised, it will be very dangerous,” says Russian Evgenia Nikolaevna. In her opinion, steps should be taken now for reconciliation. In Ukraine, there should be a place for everyone - Ukrainians, Russians and Tatars.
So, judging by the German newspapers, the following picture emerges of how Europe (at least Germany) imagines the Ukrainian situation.
First, the Crimea will remain in Ukraine. Because NATO will observe the interests of a united and independent Ukraine, the statements of Secretary General Rasmussen are a clear indication of Russia to fulfill "all international obligations."
Secondly, the EU and the US are now playing the Klitschko vs. Yatsenyuk game (or Yatsenyuk vs. Klitschko, as you like). In this case, Klitschko himself is in contact with the German press, which also speaks of his European preferences. The presidential candidate expects "urgent assistance from the EU" and not from the United States.
Thirdly, Russia, most likely, will go, let's say, parallel to the German course - and, accordingly, against the American course. Germany is the first economic force of the European Union, and Russia is strongly dependent on the EU as a gas supplier (especially if we recall the recent progress with the South Stream project).
Fourth, in Ukraine, the new “revolution” won. In this, it seems, in Germany, and indeed in Europe (and in the United States too), no one doubts. Speech only about the one who will win elections - here political spears will also break.
As for Yanukovych, his, as the Russian resource writes RBCdiscovered in the suburbs. RBC was informed about this by one of the major Russian entrepreneurs, and then the information was confirmed by a high-ranking Russian official. The overthrown ruler is in Barvikha, in the sanatorium of the Office of the President of Russia.
Observed and translated by Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
- especially for topwar.ru