By truth in this article, I mean the concept of justice. Consider the following hypothesis. It is inherent to our people to evaluate the same fact differently in different contexts.
Example. You are traveling with your friend by car. A friend at the wheel. He drank a little - one or two glasses of light beer. For unhurried movement through the empty night city from the bar to the house, this fact does not seem dangerous to you. You drive up to the intersection and talk a little with a friend. The presence of a red traffic light you two notice too late. And from the green direction leaves the old "Moskvich" with his grandfather, who no longer has a good reaction and simply does not have time to assess the danger. Squeal of brakes, and you slightly fly into the grandfather in the rear right wing. Grandfather calls traffic police. Peaceful disassembly. The fact of drunk traffic police does not notice and does not offer to undergo an examination. Time passes. The grandfather is paid a good amount of repair through the insurance company. But in the process of obtaining certificates, the grandfather learns from the traffic police that you have not even been tested for alcohol. And he remembers the smell perfectly. Trials are initiated. You are called as a witness. And ask if your friend drank? Well, what can I say ... Grandfather got his money, they made auto repair to him, and your friend even stopped by to ask him if everything was alright. Of course, did not drink. Go understand this old marazmatik, what else does he need. So the absolute majority of readers will answer.
All the same situation. Only at a crossroads a friend knocks down a little girl crossing the road. She is in serious condition. Your friend once felt very cold about the situation. No visits, no apologies to parents, no help to the victim. You do not understand him. And here again they want to establish the fact of drinking alcohol, without having bothered to do everything on time. You are asked. Drank? The question is not simple. At this point, readers will begin to ask: what kind of friend? What if he is just a friend or acquaintance who means nothing. Readers will say that you need to talk with a friend, why do not you help? In general, these are different situations! Most of the others will otmazhet, more precisely, will not make him worse. To bring the child to red is a criminal offense, and so he is not sweet.
This is a simple example where the same offense causes us to have a different assessment. After all, the fact remains a fact. Drank. But the justice with which we measure daily life is different in different cases. A survey was conducted in various countries. The survey asked to evaluate two such situations. In Western countries, the number of people who “betrayed” a friend was quite large, but less than half. In Russia, in the first situation, a friend “passed” a few percent. But the main thing is not this, we know these bourgeois beating at each other. In the survey of Western countries, the difference in the number of "those who passed" in the first and the number of "those who passed" in the second case was a few percent. In Russia, the number of “betrayers” in the second situation has increased significantly.
This is a property of our mentality. The subjectivity of truth and justice. We always consider the situation in context and almost never as a fact. Slaughtered a Russian girl from the Caucasus - tear to pieces! Shot in the eggs of the same guy the father of the girl through 5 years. Justify, or soften. And the people will begin to justify. The investigator will qualify the crime as less strictly as possible. Doctors will try to prove the state of affect, even 5 years after the death of his daughter. All who will be involved in the mechanism of the investigation, even at the subconscious level will help the father. But there and there, and there is cold-blooded murder.
What does this lead to?
I have a friend of the activists of the “swamp” opposition. I am a person of more moderate views, and Navalny stopped believing a long time ago. We constantly argue with him about politics. He makes me a selection of any posts about crooks and thieves. Confirms that the government should not steal. All plant, a revolution in the masses, and it does not matter for whose money the holiday. The main thing that they, the tip, lived by the law. I ask him: “Are you downloading movies and music from a torrent?” He answers: “Yes.” I say, can you have licensed software on your computer at home, “Windows”, “office”? No, he says. Pirate all. Well, so you steal too! And here begins an interesting logical metamorphosis. With film and music publishers, people are crap, everything should be free. Microsoft is generally an evil corporation, unworthy of its money. And the most important thing is that a small thin kid with such eyes (/ 0_0 \) in an orphanage who did not receive money stolen by a fat, shiny official of one famous party, does not suffer from the actions of my friend.
Thus, one little thief advocates and even wants some kind of peaceful revolution, struggling with major and "important" theft. It does not happen. More precisely, it happens, but leads to nothing. As soon as the little thief gets the opportunity to steal more, he will come up with a thousand fair excuses for himself. And if you listen to him later, sitting at a table in a cafe, in a friendly atmosphere, he will even convince you. What 200 thousand rubles. on training the daughter from the budget is fair, and much less than they are stealing up there. And so on. To the credit of my fellow oppositionist, he switched to Linux, started watching movies in cinemas and even tries not to cross the street to a red light. I'm serious.
How to live with it
Similar to our behavior explains a lot. This behavior even gives us additional degrees of freedom. After all, you will be protected from the consequences if you act illegally, but fairly. In this sense, Russia is a much freer country than the West. And kebabs you can freely eat at the river, and drink quietly in the park, and pee in the city center, toilets, bastards, did not put! But this behavior is a powerful foundation for pervasive corruption at all levels. That is why corruption in our country is not a phenomenon of the system, as in Europe. This is our mental phenomenon, pledged culturally.
What to do with it
We want to live like in Europe. So without bribes, clean, beautiful. I agree. I want it too. But in order to get closer to this, we need to respect the law. Perform it in fact, not according to personal evaluation. Stop dividing laws into fair ones and those that “do not suit me”. Everybody. Not only "this, above." This is not youthful maximalism. This is the platform from which we must build, to which we must strive. Idea.
It was funny to hear from the taxi driver what they are all there on Rublevka, in Barvikha and in the Kremlin "n *% ^% sy." And then listen to how he boasts that he screwed infrared reflectors instead of bolts holding a car number. To his camera is not photographed on the public transport strip. He was sure that the strip was taken away from the drivers unfairly. We talked very passionately with him, I told him the same thing that I explain in this text. He reluctantly agreed with the basic statement that everyone should live by the law. And I asked: “Are you ready to live like this? So that everything is legally and otherwise? ”
He seriously wondered if he was ready. After all, now it is much easier.
PS A natural question arises. And what to do when the laws are really and objectively unfair? When, using the performance of citizens, some individuals are greatly enriched? This is a matter of separate discussion, but not the following. First you need to understand the concept of responsibility. What I will do if readers will be interested.