It should be noted that if Russia began active studies of the Arctic bottom to reinforce its application to the UN in 2002 year (and in 2007 the Russian tricolor was installed at the bottom of the Arctic Ocean at the point corresponding to the North Pole), then Canadian studies in this area started in 2004 year For more than 9 years of research into the Arctic shelf areas, the Canadian side spent about 200 millions of US dollars, and now Stephen Harper firmly decided that such money should not just start working for Canada, but also return, as they say, a hundredfold.
To do this, he decided not only to submit an application to the UN Commission, but also, as they say, to saturate this application with the requirements for the maximum. Following the logic of "there will not be superfluous," the Canadian government decided to include in the application for recognition of Canada 656 thousands of square nautical miles (more than 1,2 million square kilometers) of the sea shelf. If these submarine territories are expressed by the measures of the area of the states, then the claims of Canada are territorially equal to such states as, for example, the Republic of South Africa or Peru (that is, the territory is simply huge). However, this mega territory of the Arctic shelf claimed by Canada (judging by its application to the UN Commission) has its own zest: official Ottawa declares that the North Pole must also become part of Canada ... Well, so ... Not less ...
An article about a possible “war with Russia” in the Canadian edition appeared due to the fact that the Canadian shelf claims were embarrassing, to say the least. It turns out that the “Canadian” square miles mentioned above include approximately 54 thousand square meters. km of the shelf, to which Russia has also declared its rights - moreover, it declared long before the Canadian government did. And did not Premier Harper know about this? It's hard to believe. But it’s more believed that Ottawa decided to seize the moment and limit possible Russian ambitions in the Arctic. At the same time, the desire to increase by additional hundreds of thousands of square kilometers of underwater territories in Canada is now explained as a quote: “protection of Canadian sovereignty in the Arctic”. This interpretation itself suggests that the Canadian authorities decided to declare to the world that Russia’s sovereignty was infringed upon by their country. If not a provocation, then an obvious move aimed at heating the "democratic masses" in the West.
If we consider that applications from the Arctic shelf were filed by Denmark and Norway, and Norway in the 2009 year, through the UN Commission, already secured the right to 235 thousand square kilometers of the sea shelf (this is almost 75% of the territory of Norway itself), then the battle (at least diplomatically -geographic promises to be sharp). Here it is necessary to take into account one more important nuance. The fact is that Denmark is going to claim the Arctic shelf (for now 62 is thousands of square kilometers, but in 2014, the Danish experts have to submit to the United Nations special commission "scientific evidence for Denmark’s territory of the Arctic bottom already at 1 million square kilometers) due to Greenland , and for the Danish authorities, time today is perhaps the primary role. Why? Greenland is an autonomous unit of the Danish kingdom, and the Greenlandic administration has for some time been aiming at gaining complete independence from Copenhagen by Greenland.
In 2008, in Greenland (the population of this giant island is only about 57 thousand people), a referendum was held in which three quarters of those who have the right to vote, called for wide autonomy with the possible subsequent withdrawal of the territory from Denmark. In this case, the main desire of the Greenland today is not so much in the separation from the Danish kingdom as such, but in the ability to manage their own resources. Today, the lion’s share of these resources is becoming, let's say, the prey of the metropolis - Copenhagen. Denmark is theoretically not opposed to the broad autonomy of the island, however, it speaks of "fifti-fifty" - in other words, the resources extracted by Greenland will be divided in half by the widespread autonomous "swimming" of Greenland: one part of the Green Island, in exchange to subsidize the economy of the island. At the same time, “subsidies” (read: protectorate and resource use) will, according to representatives of the Danish authorities, continue for as long as the Greenlanders receive less than 1,5 billion dollars a year from the sale of hydrocarbons. And as soon as, according to Danish state officials, the Greenlanders will earn 1,5 billion dollars on oil alone, Copenhagen will take into account the results of the referendum, releasing Gotham (the administrative center of Greenland) to “free swimming”.
But Gothob (aka Nuuk) will be able to get such an impressive profit from the sale of hydrocarbons only if Denmark’s claims on the shelf are satisfied by the UN Commission. In this connection, the following situation arises: Denmark, at the expense of Greenland, gets the opportunity to manage new sea areas, Greenland theoretically receives “the broadest autonomy”. Although “the broadest autonomy” for a “state” with a population density of “1 people per 38 square. km "looks like a very strange concept. Obviously, Copenhagen hung a carrot in front of Gotob’s nose, to which the latter cannot even reach a hypothetical position. But Gothob is trying ... This can explain the joint application of Denmark and Greenland for the Arctic shelf.
By the way, here you need to point out another thing: in the 2007 year, the Danes (of course, scientists ...) conducted scientific research, as a result of which it turned out that Copenhagen, together with Gotob (Nuuk), can also claim the territory up to the North Pole. In this case, the North Pole in this case is called the Danish ... In addition, the Danes make claims to those parts of the shelf for which Russia claims.
The result is a whole puff of pie from aquatic-territorial claims. New claims on the shelf over time may well be announced by other interested countries. At least, the United States ... Washington is silent, perhaps only for the simple reason that Ottawa spoke about the claims. Given the more than close relations between the United States and Canada, it can be expected that the Canadian Premier Harper’s bid will be supported by the White House. Like, you just made a statement, and then we will “fraternally” share ...
Given this state of affairs, it can be concluded that Russia "took up" the development of the Arctic (at least, the restoration of military infrastructure) in a timely manner. It is better to have a certain odds than to talk about lost opportunities. Well, or paraphrase the classic version: with scientific evidence and a pistol you can achieve more than with scientific evidence alone ...