Military Review

Beer putsch

41
Beer putsch

9 November 1923, Adolf Hitler and his supporters attempted a coup in Munich. The events began in the premises of a huge beer hall - the Munich-based Burgerbraukeller, where Gustav von Kara, a member of the Bavarian government, held a speech and local high-ranking officials gathered. Therefore, this uprising entered into history "Beer putsch". The speech was crushed, but it glorified Hitler and became his ticket to big-time politics. All German newspapers wrote about the leader of the German nationalists, his portraits were placed by the weeklies. The popularity of the Nazi Party has seriously grown. The term of Hitler for the attempted coup d'état received a minimum - 5 years, but in fact he was in prison only eight months, writing his work “My Struggle” in prison. Already in 1933, Hitler came to power in a completely legal way, his party won a majority in the Reichstag elections, which allowed him to head the government.


By the fall of 1923, Germany was in permanent crisis. During this period, he was aggravated by the occupation of the French-Belgian troops of the Ruhr region. The Versailles Treaty of 1919, Germany, was obligated to pay reparations to the victorious powers. Paris insisted on the unconditional implementation of the provisions of the treaty and did not make compromises, upholding the principle - "the Germans must pay for everything." In case of arrears of reparations, French troops entered the unoccupied German territories several times. In the 1922 year, due to the worsening economic situation in Germany, the Allies refused to make cash payments, replacing them with goods (steel, coal, wood, etc.). In January, 1923, accusing Berlin of deliberately delaying supplies, Paris sent troops into the Ruhr region. And Paris began to achieve the assignment of Rhineland and Ruru status, similar to the status of the Saar region, where the membership of the Weimar Republic was only of a formal nature, and the real power was in the hands of the French. This caused a wave of anger in Germany. The government has called on the population to "passive resistance." The payment of reparations was finally curtailed, the bureaucratic apparatus, industry and transport were swept by a general strike. There were also attacks on invaders, the French responded with punitive raids. Dozens of people died.

The Ruhr crisis and the humiliation of Germany, economic difficulties, hyperinflation caused an increase in left-wing and right-wing sentiment. At the same time separatist sentiments intensified. The separatists hoped that the separation from the lands of the Weimar Republic would help ease the burden of reparation payments or refuse them altogether, to overcome the economic crisis. Thus, the rightist separatist conservatives who were in power in Bavaria wanted to separate their land from the republic and restore the pre-revolutionary Bavarian monarchy of the Wittelsbachs. This genus ruled Bavaria from the end of the 12th century to the end of the First World War. The leader of the right and the head of the government of Bavaria, Gustav von Kar, introduced a state of emergency in Bavaria and refused to comply with a number of regulations of the Social Democratic government in Berlin.

The Nazis went into a tactical alliance with the Bavarian separatists. They planned to use the separatist sentiments in Bavaria to express themselves on a German-wide scale. Hitler was inspired by the example of a march on Rome to Mussolini 27-30 in October 1922, when the National Fascist party became the ruling party, and Benito Mussolini was able to lead and form a government. The Nazis wanted to use Bavaria as a springboard for the march on Berlin. Back in early September, 1923 in Nuremberg, with the participation of one of the heroes of the First World War, General Erich Ludendorff, established the German Wrestling Union, which was led by Hitler. This organization united around the NSDAP a number of nationalist and paramilitary groups, and aimed at creating a strong centralized state. In the autumn of 1923, the National Socialist German Workers Party consisted of more than 50 thousand people, most of whom lived in Bavaria. Therefore, in Bavaria, the NSDAP was a serious force. The Nazi party also had its own military force assault detachments (German: Sturmabteilung, abbreviated as SA), which at that time consisted of 13 infantry, as well as a guard, motorcycle and bicycle mouth.

Meanwhile, the conflict between Berlin and Munich gained momentum. The Bavarian authorities refused to comply with the order to detain three popular leaders of the armed formations and to close the “Public Observer” (NSDAP body). On October 18, the commander of the Bavarian Military District, General Otto von Lossow, refused to obey orders of the Reich Minister of Defense, General Otto Gessler. He was removed from office. After that, the Bavarian government reassigned itself to the Reichswehr division stationed in Bavaria. In fact, it was a rebellion. However, the leaders of Bavaria, bumping into the firm position of the Berlin General Staff and the head of the land forces of the Reichswehr Hans von Sect, slowed down. Hitler was informed that for the time being it was impossible to speak openly against Berlin.

Hitler decided it was time to take the initiative. He wanted to seize power in Bavaria into his own hands, taking advantage of the discontent of the Reichswehr soldiers with the separatism of Munich, the general weakness of the Bavarian and all-German power. Hitler was counting on the mass support of the adherents of the “national idea,” especially given that General Erich Ludendorff would be on his side. The general was the hero of capture Liege, the occupation of this strong fortress allowed the German army to develop the offensive. Ludendorff and Hindenburg conducted a successful operation to defeat the Russian troops in East Prussia. In the postwar years, the general became one of the founders of the theory of "stab in the back." According to this theory, the German army emerged undefeated out of the war, but received a "stab in the back" from the Social Democratic opposition and Jewry. Ludendorff accused the politicians of the Weimar Republic in the absence of a national spirit and eventually began to support the NSDAP. Hitler was one of those few politicians whom the general respected during this period.

In the evening of November 8, 1923, a large number of people gathered around the Burgerbraukeller, about 3 thousand people, and a meeting of Bavarian conservatives with Kara took place here. The leaders of the local military forces were also present - the commander of the armed forces of Bavaria von Loss, the head of the Bavarian police, Colonel Hans von Zeiser. By order of Hitler, several hundred attack aircraft surrounded the building, installed machine guns on the street, aiming them at the entrance doors. Hitler in 20: 45 at the head of the detachment broke into the building, drove Kara off the stage, shot the gun from the ceiling and shouted in the ensuing silence: “The national revolution has begun!” Then he gave a brief speech, actually blackmailing those present. The Fuhrer said that the building is surrounded and promised to install a machine gun in the hall if they do not listen to it. Hitler said that the Bavarian government and the government of the republic were deposed, a provisional Reich government was established, the Reichswehr barracks and the land police had been seized, the Reichswehr and the land police had gone over to their side. Von Kar, von Lossow and von Seisser were isolated, and Hitler with a pistol urged them to enter the new government. However, they doubted. Only the appearance in the Ludendorff beer hall, which joined the coup, forced Lossow and Saisser to agree to join the march on Berlin. Von Kar was proclaimed regent of Bavaria. Ludendorff was appointed head of the German armed forces, Hitler was to become Chancellor.

The first stage of the coup was very successful. But then Hitler and Ludendorff made a big mistake. They believed that Kar, Lossow and Zeisser are now their people and they are in the same boat. The main fault was Ludendorff, who was more versed in military affairs than in politics. Kar, Lossow and Saisser and other members of the Bavarian government asked to go home, giving Ludendorff an "honest officer's word" that they would support the march on Berlin. In the general victorious euphoria, they were believed and released. This led to defeat, even before the march on Berlin. And Hitler was more far-sighted and immediately realized that Ludendorff made a grave mistake.

Kar immediately transferred the government to Regensburg and issued a proclamation, where he refused all promises made "at the barrel of pistols" and announced the dissolution of the National Socialist Party and the assault detachments. The commander-in-chief of the Reichswehr, General Hans von Sect, promised that if the Bavarians could not cope with the insurgency themselves, he promised to transfer troops from other lands. The Bavarian leaders arrived at the Reichswehr barracks and the troops occupied all the strategic points of Munich. At night, attack aircraft under the command of Ernst Röhm occupied the headquarters of the ground forces, but were blocked by regular troops.

The rebels issued an "Appeal to the German people", which announced the overthrow of the regime of the November criminals (in November 1918, Germany signed the Compiegne truce, which led to the defeat of the empire in the First World War) and the creation of a national government. But this could not change the situation. The strategic initiative has been lost. Ludendorff, trying to regain the initiative, offered to take the center of the city, hoping that his authority would help to win over the representatives of the army and the police to the side of the Nazis.

At 11 on the morning of November 9, the Nazis began their march to the city center on Marienplatz. At the head of the column are Hitler, Ludendorff, Hermann Goering, and the chief editor of the Sturmovik newspaper, Julius Streicher. At the Odeon Square, near the “Feldkhernhalle” (“Hall of Heroes”) a procession was met by a police squad. Hitler called on the police to go to their sides, but was refused. The first shots rang out, and then a friendly salvo. Who started shooting first is unknown. Several policemen died and were injured. Xnumx coup were killed on the spot, dozens were injured. Goering was seriously wounded by two bullets in the upper part of the right thigh. He almost died from this wound, dirt got into it, which caused infection. Hitler and Ludendorff saved the front-line experience, they rushed to the ground. Ludendorff’s guard and many of Hitler’s comrades in this group were killed or wounded. The comrades immediately brought Hitler out of the crowd and took him away. The Nazis did not expect such fierce repulse, and the demonstration was scattered. Soon capitulated and surrounded by Rom.

It was a defeat. Goering and several other activists were able to take to Austria, and Hitler and Hess were arrested. Ludendorff was detained immediately, he did not try to hide. So inglorious was the result of the “beer putsch”. The Nazi leaders clearly overestimated their influence on the people, and the value of the hero, General Ludendorff, hoping that one name of the popular general would attract rebel soldiers and policemen to the side. In addition, Hitler and Ludendorff underestimated the abilities of the Bavarian leadership - Cara, Lossova and others who did not want to give power. However, the coup led to a strategic win. The uprising was a grand PR-action of the NSDAP, which the whole country talked about. Some hated the Nazis, others admired. Lucky for Hitler, he did not get a bullet and in one day became one of the politicians of the national level.

From February 26 to April 1 1924, the trial was underway in Munich. On it, Hitler also had the opportunity to promote national socialist ideas. As Adolf Hitler said later, “our ideas were scattered throughout Germany like an explosion.” The popularity of the NSDA has greatly increased. In the elections to the Bavarian Landtag, the party received every sixth mandate. In the elections to the German Reichstag in December 1924, 40 deputies passed to parliament.

The sentence was surprisingly mild: four, including Hitler, received 5 years of imprisonment “for treason”, another five got off with 15-months sentences. Apparently, the fact of the ambiguous behavior of the Bavarian leadership during the coup, when they actually supported him at the beginning, played a role. The Bavarian judges and the prosecutor tried not to draw attention to Kar, Lossov and other separatists, who before the coup contributed to the Nazi movement. Hitler even stated directly during the court session: “One thing is certain: if our speech was really treason, then all this time Lossov, Kar and Zeisser were committing treason with us.” In addition, the court could not send to prison the national hero of Germany - Ludendorff, he was acquitted, and other leaders of the uprising got off with a mild punishment. Ludendorff himself noted these double standards, condemning his acquittal, as it was a gross violation of the law, because his comrades were found guilty.

In Landsberg prison, where the Nazis were serving their sentences, he created greenhouse conditions. The prisoners were even allowed to gather around the table and discuss the current political situation. Hitler could spend a lot of time reading books and wrote most of his work “My Struggle”. Already in December, 1924, Hitler was released, and he was able to return to the political struggle.

The "beer putsch" was the first "heroic act" and part of the "civil religion" of the Nazis. The 16 dead on the Odeonplatz were called martyrs. The flag under which they walked became sacred. They were lit by party banners at congresses in Nuremberg. After the Nazi Party came to power, the sarcophagi with the ashes of the “martyrs” were transferred to the Munich area of ​​Königsplatz, where two Churches of Honor were built (north and south). In 1933-1939 The National Socialist German Workers' Party annually celebrated the anniversary of the coup with the obligatory participation in the Burgerbraukeller hall. When the building was damaged by a terrorist, the anniversary was celebrated in the beer hall Leuvenbraukeller.

The administrative building of the NSDAP and the southern Temple of Honor


Sources of
Ginsberg L.I. Early history of Nazism. Power struggle M., 2004.
Sokolov, U. Adolf Hitler. Life under the swastika. M., 2005.
Shearer U. The rise and fall of the Third Reich. M., 2007.
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  1. Deniska999
    Deniska999 9 November 2013 08: 32
    +6
    And the little ones who gave the putsch - England Inc.
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 9 November 2013 08: 48
      +7
      All the money of the world, as one of the instruments of enslaving peoples, is always in the same hands.

      1. Hleb
        Hleb 9 November 2013 12: 16
        +2
        "Jews funded Hitler"
        1. Boris55
          Boris55 9 November 2013 12: 35
          -1
          Bush's grandfather funded Hitler
          October 21 2003
          The American administration has removed the signature stamp from documents more than half a century ago. It is clear from them that Prescott Bush, father of US President George W. Bush and grandfather of current President George W. Bush, financed the Nazi party and helped Hitler come to power.

          The entire text:
          http://podrobnosti.ua/technologies/scienceother/2003/10/21/83604.html
          1. timer
            timer 9 November 2013 18: 18
            0
            Yes, then the Zionists-Jews financed the Nazis. Now they are financing the Arab terrorists, creating a kind of collective Hitler. The goal is the same-Russia. What can we oppose to the strengthening of the Arabs, so far nothing effective. Syria does not count, the war continues. What can we and must do-build a new Russia under the national idea NATION, ORDER, JUSTICE. How to reorganize the system of power with the destruction of the "fifth column" and the replacement of the liberal economic model with socialist capitalism. Rely on one's own strength in its development. This is in short. I have developed my own program, and my comment is interesting to him, I suggest a correspondence. My mailbox ([email protected])
            1. The comment was deleted.
          2. Vasyan1971
            Vasyan1971 10 November 2013 15: 16
            0
            In-in! Either Hitler, then bin Laden, then, God forgive some nito sakashvili ... And then for tomahawks for world peace
        2. The comment was deleted.
      2. zub46
        zub46 9 November 2013 13: 39
        +1
        Then they regretted it.
      3. The comment was deleted.
        1. The comment was deleted.
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    2. Nayhas
      Nayhas 9 November 2013 08: 48
      +2
      Quote: Deniska999
      And the little ones who gave the putsch - England Inc.

      Yeah, only Karl Radek organized a revolution that very day ...
    3. Vovka levka
      Vovka levka 9 November 2013 11: 17
      -20 qualifying.
      Quote: Deniska999
      And the little ones who gave the putsch - England Inc.

      Do not worry, the USSR did not lag behind in that matter either.
      1. smile
        smile 9 November 2013 12: 11
        +4
        Vovka levka
        Yes, you yourself do not get nervous; we did not in any way influence Hitler's rise to power and did not give him money; all laurels belong to the Anglo-Saxons. :)))
        Although, of course, we simply had to finance the communists in those countries whose governments did not stop subversive work against the USSR and were going to dismember and destroy the USSR.
        1. Albert1988
          Albert1988 9 November 2013 15: 13
          +4
          Quote: smile
          we did not in any way affect Hitler’s rise to power and did not give him money; all laurels belong to the Anglo-Saxons. :)))

          That's it - the article perfectly describes how the "good civilized and democratic" France behaved in response to the slightest "offenses" of Germany regarding reparations - wipe your feet on the country and its nation, even if she was wrong - this is so "democratic"!
          And after that, all sorts of rezu, rezunoidy and rezunyata dare to write and prove to us that it was the USSR that brought Shikel-Gruber to power!
          The USSR was waiting for the sociolists to come to power in Germany - there were so many of them that no one doubted us - not today so tomorrow Germany will become completely sociolistic, this was also very well understood in the West, and that’s why they supported Hitler!
        2. Vovka levka
          Vovka levka 9 November 2013 20: 13
          -4
          Quote: smile
          Vovka levka
          Yes, you yourself do not get nervous; we did not in any way influence Hitler's rise to power and did not give him money; all laurels belong to the Anglo-Saxons. :)))
          Although, of course, we simply had to finance the communists in those countries whose governments did not stop subversive work against the USSR and were going to dismember and destroy the USSR.

          This is the official point of view, the reality is a little different. And because the archives are closed, only what is open is open. The trouble of the USSR was that one was stated, and another was done. Although the others were no better. All in one world are oiled.
          Only the result of this mouse grizzly is one - War.
          1. Albert1988
            Albert1988 9 November 2013 23: 41
            +3
            Quote: Vovka Levka
            This is the official point of view, the reality is a little different. And because the archives are closed, only what is open is open. The trouble of the USSR was that one was stated, and another was done. Although the others were no better. All in one world are oiled.
            Only the result of this mouse grizzly is one - War.

            Mmm, comrade, you know - our archives have been open since the beginning of the 80s, and everyone who needs it comes there and finds the necessary documents that have not been secret for a long time, and sometimes such documents pop up - that no one expected to find - an example the transcript of the secret meeting of the Politburo on August 19, 1939, about which the suvrun wrote that it was not conducted at all! And about the "closed archives" the rezunchik wrote in his little book just in the middle of these very 80s, when they began to actively declassify everything, but our Bristol truthful man of course did not know about this, and you are repeating this already outdated misinformation, however .. ...
            1. Hudo
              Hudo 10 November 2013 00: 03
              +3
              Quote: Albert1988
              Mmm, comrade, you see - the archives with us have been open since the beginning of the 80s ...


              Perhaps the comrade was referring to the archives of Great Britain, the terms for declassifying the documents stored there, everything is being extended and extended, extended, you know, and extended ... Meanwhile, various witnesses of rudolphyssess who become unnecessary on electric cords choke and crush, fight with terrible force in accidents and disasters. But liberal-truth-cutters do not see this point blank. Well, they don’t see and that's it.
              1. Albert1988
                Albert1988 10 November 2013 13: 53
                +1
                Quote: Hudo
                Perhaps a friend meant the archives of the UK

                Here we also need to add a large conspirator Franklin Roosevelt, who always said that why should record what will never be presented to the general public ...
            2. Vovka levka
              Vovka levka 10 November 2013 13: 07
              -1
              Quote: Albert1988

              Mmm, comrade, you know - our archives have been open since the beginning of the 80s, and everyone who needs it comes there and finds the necessary documents that have not been secret for a long time, and sometimes such documents pop up - that no one expected to find - an example the transcript of the secret meeting of the Politburo on August 19, 1939, about which the suvrun wrote that it was not conducted at all! And about the "closed archives" the rezunchik wrote in his little book just in the middle of these very 80s, when they began to actively declassify everything, but our Bristol truthful man of course did not know about this, and you are repeating this already outdated misinformation, however .. ...

              And here is Rezun?
              One can disagree with him at all, the question is. Now a lot of things are being written. But the principle of logic and information collection is interesting for him. Well, God be with him.
              In every country, there are things that never open. And there is a lot of such material.
              From the very beginning of the formation of Soviet power, the task of the world revolution was set. And nothing complained about this business. For example, all the troubles of Afghanistan were laid by us in the 20-30s.
              On the other hand, in principle, the same thing was done. This is mouse bickering.
              Only the result of these psychic ambitions is one - War.
              1. Albert1988
                Albert1988 10 November 2013 14: 07
                +1
                Quote: Vovka Levka
                And here is Rezun?

                How does it do it? After all, it is he who owns the indisputable primacy in the hysteria over the "closed-super-secrecy" of our archives.
                Quote: Vovka Levka
                But the principle of logic and information collection is interesting for him.

                Yeah, very interesting, but not original - Dr. Goebbels developed and actively implemented it already 40-50 years before the cutter)))
                Quote: Vovka Levka
                In every country, there are things that never open. And there is a lot of such material.

                Of course there is, but how do we know what is "written" in these secret documents? And if we do not know, then there is no need to speculate!
                Quote: Vovka Levka
                From the very beginning of the formation of Soviet power, the task of the world revolution was set. And nothing complained about this business.

                There was, but only Comrade Stalin turned this idea down in the early 30s, only boltology remained from it, all real actions were aimed at creating a new empire. On the other hand, we actually tried earlier to finance the left movements in the same England, to which she responded with an aggressive policy towards the USSR - the "military alarm" of 1927 in our country for this very reason arose. After that, all such attempts completely stopped.
                Quote: Vovka Levka
                For example, all the troubles of Afghanistan were laid by us in the 20-30s.

                Here, yes, not only we had a hand in it ...
                And again, we didn’t finance the Gtlerienka, we didn’t even know who it was, we tried to bring the left government to power in Germany, but we couldn’t work effectively with the local left, + strong opposition from the local bourgeoisie and help from the West - that’s Hitler hatched. ..
                1. Vovka levka
                  Vovka levka 10 November 2013 19: 42
                  +1
                  Quote: Albert1988

                  we tried to bring a left-wing government to power in Germany, but it wasn’t possible to work effectively with the local left, + powerful opposition from the local bourgeoisie and help from the West — that’s Hitler hatched ...

                  Hitler is a direct inheritance of the results of the First World War, this is the result. If Hitler would not be, would be different, for the German nation lived on thoughts of revenge. You correctly said that we tried to bring a left-wing government to power. And if that worked out, the end result would be the same.
                  Learn to read what I write, and not to invent. The USSR had a hand in a bucha in Germany, but what happened a little differently than intended was another matter.
                  1. Albert1988
                    Albert1988 10 November 2013 21: 36
                    0
                    Quote: Vovka Levka
                    The USSR had a hand in a bucha in Germany, but what happened a little differently than intended was another matter.

                    Yes, the fact of the matter is that the Soviet Union almost never applied - the German socialists and communists were very soft, moderate, so to speak, and most importantly scattered, albeit numerous. Therefore, when the Bolsheviks and, most importantly, Joseph Vissarionovich, were finally established in our country, they were scared that if they now carry out a coup in Germany, then the Bolsheviks will also seize power from them, so they quarreled with the Soviet leadership, decided to do everything "democratically". And ours are also good - they just began to sit and watch - they say there are leftists in Germany and so full, sooner or later they will win, and they will have to become allies of the USSR, otherwise the West will devour them, but the West at that time was actively acting, trying to prevent the coming of the left to power, that's what financed the one who openly declared that he was an enemy of the left and the Russians - that is, Hitler, that's the result, so Hitler is more likely the result of our non-intervention!
                    And yes, you are certainly right - Hitler is the result of the humiliation of Germany by France and England, which created the Versailles system.
                    1. Vovka levka
                      Vovka levka 10 November 2013 22: 06
                      0
                      Quote: Albert1988

                      Yes, the fact of the matter is that the Soviet Union almost never applied - the German socialists and communists were very soft, moderate, so to speak, and most importantly scattered, albeit numerous. Therefore, when the Bolsheviks and, most importantly, Joseph Vissarionovich, were finally established in our country, they were scared that if they now carry out a coup in Germany, then the Bolsheviks will also seize power from them, so they quarreled with the Soviet leadership, decided to do everything "democratically". And ours are also good - they just began to sit and watch - they say there are leftists in Germany and so full, sooner or later they will win, and they will have to become allies of the USSR, otherwise the West will devour them, but the West at that time was actively acting, trying to prevent the coming of the left to power, that's what financed the one who openly declared that he was an enemy of the left and the Russians - that is, Hitler, that's the result, so Hitler is more likely the result of our non-intervention!
                      And yes, you are certainly right - Hitler is the result of the humiliation of Germany by France and England, which created the Versailles system.

                      Funding was not small, as mentioned earlier. And what people come up with? Yes, with fantasy, everything is fine.
                      1. Albert1988
                        Albert1988 10 November 2013 22: 16
                        0
                        Quote: Vovka Levka
                        Funding was not small

                        Yes, there was funding, only now it was mostly empty, and even then at the first stages only until the locals quarreled with ours - do you see the dictatorship in our USSR! So the "Westerners" shoved their own ...
                      2. Vovka levka
                        Vovka levka 10 November 2013 22: 54
                        +1
                        Quote: Albert1988

                        Yes, there was funding, only now it was mostly empty, and even then at the first stages only until the locals quarreled with ours - do you see the dictatorship in our USSR! So the "Westerners" shoved their own ...

                        This is all that is mouse grisnya.
                      3. Albert1988
                        Albert1988 10 November 2013 23: 20
                        0
                        Quote: Vovka Levka
                        This is all that is mouse grisnya.

                        This is politics, alas ...
      2. smile
        smile 10 November 2013 04: 31
        +6
        Vovka levka
        It means so.
        If you are at least in the least familiar with those who have something closed. then you know that some of the most closed archives are British. We are up to the British, as before Shanghai is cancer in this sense. :)))
        And one of the most secret Presidents of the United States - Roosevelt, oddly enough - we have such a kind guy here ... but he was the one who fought his aides so that they wouldn’t leave the minutes of his conversations, he really didn’t like to leave documents signed. . compared with them, ours, the ideal of truthfulness, everything was logged and preserved .... and it was declassified by us not an example more than theirs ... The British have not yet declassified all documents of 1800-1812, secret additions to EVERY 19th century treaty .... what can we say about 20m ...
        . and what is the official point of view after that ... so to speak, to reason? Isn't it funny? ... It's really not funny to compare our openness with their total closeness .... and what you call the trouble of the USSR is the usual actions of "democratic countries", only raised in a cube .... therefore, it is not necessary to say that we are all smeared with the same world ... smeared, but now we are sooooo far away from them in this regard ... such a byada ... :)))
  2. Polovec
    Polovec 9 November 2013 22: 13
    +1
    Interestingly, what would Freud say about your anti-rating?
    1. Vovka levka
      Vovka levka 10 November 2013 12: 51
      0
      Quote: Polovec
      Interestingly, what would Freud say about your anti-rating?

      I am not a politician, I do not need a rating.
      Used to have an opinion based on life experience.
  • alone
    alone 9 November 2013 20: 47
    +5
    there wasn’t any time in Germany for a man who could hit Hitler on the head with a beer mug)) maybe there wouldn’t be a second world)) laughing
    1. Hudo
      Hudo 9 November 2013 21: 26
      +6
      Quote: lonely
      there wasn’t any time in Germany for a man who could hit Hitler on the head with a beer mug)) maybe there wouldn’t be a second world)) laughing


      Puppeteers would have found another for the role of leader of the campaign of European integrators.
    2. saygon66
      saygon66 9 November 2013 21: 38
      +1
      laughing - Well, of course, there were such, and, apparently, there were a lot of them ... As a result, the SS appeared, - the essence of Adolf Aloizych's security. He himself made an interesting conclusion - he began to study oratory, and still got the hang of jumping off tough topics "in the bazaar"!
  • svp67
    svp67 9 November 2013 08: 38
    +2
    The sentence was surprisingly mild: four, including Hitler, were sentenced to 5 years in prison "for high treason", another five escaped with 15-month sentences


    Yes, will the code become known - who exactly "conducted all this ..."
  • MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 9 November 2013 08: 40
    +4
    Bismarck warned them ... Did not obey)) Now the quiet remember us .. laughing
  • igordok
    igordok 9 November 2013 10: 07
    +4
    Meanwhile, on the other side of the canal.
    1. GastaClaus69
      GastaClaus69 10 November 2013 20: 53
      -1
      And at that time on the other side of the continent.
  • sergey1972
    sergey1972 9 November 2013 13: 07
    +3
    Thanks to the author and look forward to continuing the historical description of the formation of Nazi ideology and Hitler's rise to power.
  • mountain
    mountain 9 November 2013 13: 35
    +4
    Many countries seem to remember the lessons poorly. And their grandfathers and great-grandfathers are guilty of this. Too bad grandchildren. This time, lessons will cost more. Record, V.S.R., do not worry, we will explain everything and use the example as an example.
  • saygon66
    saygon66 9 November 2013 13: 40
    +3
    - "The crisis, humiliation, hyperinflation, the growth of right-wing sentiments and separatism ..."
    - The scenery is arranged ... the plot is known ... are we waiting for GG to appear?
  • zub46
    zub46 9 November 2013 13: 51
    10
    Our democratic leaders will play out. Someday a people's leader will appear in Russia in a similar way to Germany. This will most likely be a nationalist, since there are no longer any ideas that can guarantee the unification of the population of Russia. Nationalism is not good. It was said by a classic at one time that this is "the last refuge of villains." On the other hand, given the ever-lowering level of education and culture of the younger generation, there are no other options for leading the crowd.
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 9 November 2013 14: 54
      -1
      Now, the very ones who brought Hitler to power and sent him to Russia are preparing a new crusade, but already under the green banner of Islam. They will not sleep peacefully until the last Russian is driven into the reservation, like the Indians in the USA.
    2. saygon66
      saygon66 9 November 2013 15: 22
      +5
      - "Patriotism ...", gentlemen ... "Patriotism is the last refuge of villains!" Pronounced in 1755 by the British (!) Samuel Jackson (not an actor) smile He was also quoted by K. Marx in "Capital". Regarding the arrival of the Nationalist - History puts forward personalities in accordance with the moment ... so they taught at school ...
    3. Reyngard
      Reyngard 10 November 2013 12: 54
      +1
      Healthy nationalism is good, remember Stolypin.
    4. Vladimir65
      Vladimir65 10 November 2013 13: 03
      +1
      Attempts to come to power in a way similar to Germany are already being made. So the leader of the left front, Udaltsov, after entering into an alliance with Zyuganov, came to Kazan, where he met with nationalist leaders and Hizb ut-Tahrir people. Fortunately, these meetings have so far been unsuccessful.
  • 12061973
    12061973 9 November 2013 13: 58
    +3
    in Russia, the wineglass is more relevant, if the GKChP would muddle the putsch in the barbecue, everyone would forget about the EBN, and GDP would be a candidate now.
    1. Reyngard
      Reyngard 10 November 2013 12: 55
      -1
      GDP would be a janitor now.
  • AlexA
    AlexA 9 November 2013 14: 33
    +6
    Last year in Germany I had the opportunity to study in detail that period in dynamics. Saygon66 quite accurately noticed the analogies. Alarming Because, in the end, it all ended very sadly. For all.
  • uzer 13
    uzer 13 9 November 2013 18: 13
    +4
    It should be said that Hitler was not the founder of the NSDAP party. He simply found like-minded people there, like him revanchists, who were hard-pressed for the defeat of Germany in World War I. For the same reason, Goering-Hero of Germany as an aviator was there.
    1. Albert1988
      Albert1988 10 November 2013 22: 26
      0
      Quote: uzer 13
      It was just there that he found like-minded people, like those who were revanchists, who were hard pressed for the defeat of Germany in World War I.

      Why say so, sorry, "tolerant" - we are not in Europe. Tell me - there he found the same maral monsters and non-humans like himself, who hate Jews, Russians, communists, etc. she simply burned the insides, who did not have enough blood in the First World War, who simply wanted to become the elite from the poorly educated scum of society, who, with rare exceptions, were such cattle that it was not culture that made them Germans, but simply biological belonging to the nation, of course there were smart and educated individuals who, at the same time, were beasts in human form ...
      Somehow it is)))
  • oldok
    oldok 9 November 2013 19: 22
    +3
    Cool article, I read it with great pleasure. The first steps of Schiklgruber-Hitler's rise to power are described in detail.
  • Krilion
    Krilion 9 November 2013 20: 16
    0
    Quote: oldok
    Cool article, I read it with great pleasure. The first steps of Schiklgruber-Hitler's rise to power are described in detail.


    I recommend that you read Mine Kampf anyway ... it was written not by speechwriters or literary blacks, as it is now customary, but by himself .. Hitler was an outstanding figure among the Germans ... sorry, fool, he decided to attack the USSR ...
    1. gizz
      gizz 9 November 2013 23: 18
      +3
      All the same, they correctly say that the author can be judged by the book (especially if it is a memoir and / or he wrote himself). So, even if you try to forget what the Nazis and their leader did, then, judging by the book, he was an extremely bad person. And the book almost begins with the promises of land and slaves (ours, by the way, land and slaves, guess who) to respectable burghers, so that’s different
      ... sorry, fool, decided to attack the USSR ...

      and it could not be. Not then he knows who chose and financed.
      1. Albert1988
        Albert1988 9 November 2013 23: 48
        +3
        Quote: gizz
        and it could not be. Not then he knows who chose and financed.

        Exactly - Hitler is a mad dog, which they tried with all their might to incite against us, only now she bit the "feeding hand" a little along the way.
        I always liked how in the West they say that the USSR, having "occupied" half of Poland and the Baltic States, lost its "buffer" against Hitler)))) buggies, but nothing that the British themselves with the French famously surrendered their ally and fosterling - Poland, so that this very the common border of Nazi Germany with the USSR appeared ...
  • Vadim2013
    Vadim2013 9 November 2013 21: 14
    +2
    Interesting article. Thanks to the author for the information.
  • rokkero
    rokkero 10 November 2013 00: 30
    +2
    An interesting article, short but very "clear".
    Quote: Krilion
    I recommend that you read Mine Kampf anyway

    I personally could not, a little boring and somehow a lot of theorists. Politicians are always like that - there are many words, little meaning.
  • kaktus
    kaktus 10 November 2013 11: 14
    +2
    But at first they did not take it seriously ...
  • Snoop
    Snoop 11 November 2013 07: 48
    +1
    Contrary to the widespread notion (more precisely, delusion), the Nazis never received an absolute majority in the German parliament in a legal and democratic way. In the 1930 election The NSDAP took only the second place, having received 18, 3% of the vote; Social Democrats (SPD) scored 24%; Communists - 5, 13%. In 1932, Hitler lost the election of the Reich President: for the second term, Paul von Hindenburg, a candidate from the Center party, was elected. In 1932, the National Socialists received a relative majority of the seats in parliament: 37% of the votes were cast for them; however, the KKE also increased its result. In the same year, the Reichstag was dissolved and new elections were held, in which the Nazis received fewer votes, 33, 1%. But on January 30, 1933, President Hindenburg appointed Hitler the head of government. The reason for this was the pressure of the elite and oligarchic circles (the petition of German professors, the petition of industrialists - with a request to appoint Hitler, reminds nothing?), The personal influence of Goering, who was friends with the son of Hindenburg and through his son convinced the president, the apparatus intrigues of government officials-conservatives who hoped to form a "balance of power", to put Hitler at the head of the government as a figurehead, a political doll, under the guise of which to continue to rule the country. That is, Hitler’s appointment did not have a direct or indirect relation to the implementation of the principle of democracy: a purely bureaucratic operation. On February 1, the Reichstag was again dissolved by President Hindenburg. And on February 4, the same president signed the decree "On the Protection of the German People" (Verordnung zum Schutze des Deutschen Volkes), which limited civil and political freedoms. After the provocation with the arson of the Reichstag, two more emergency decrees were issued: "On the protection of the people and the state" and "Against the betrayal of the German people and the intrigues of the traitors to the homeland" (Verordnung gegen Verrat am Deutschen Volke und hochverraeterische Umtriebe), which "legalized" the persecution of political opponents. And still, despite such extraordinary measures, the new elections on March 5, 1933 again did not bring the Nazis an absolute majority in parliament! But this is where the "democracy" ends. On March 8, the mandates of deputies from the KKE illegally, unconstitutionally, by a simple administrative order were canceled. The deputies themselves were killed or arrested and exiled to the Dachau concentration camp. On March 21, the so-called "Potstdam Day", a "constituent meeting" of the new Reichstag takes place, in the Potstdam garrison church, where even the Social Democrats were not allowed. On June 22 of the same year, the SPD, which was very moderate compared with the Communists, was accused of high treason and banned (I would say more than the SPD in effect and brought the Nazis to power). And on July 14, the law "Against the formation of new parties" (Gesetz gegen die Neubilding von Parteien) was adopted: all parties except the NSDAP are disbanded, participation in parties and the formation of new parties is declared a criminal offense. And only after the Nazis carried out a total sweep of the territory - the political field, on November 12, 1933, new elections to the Reichstag are held, and the NSDAP won a landslide victory.
  • Simple
    Simple 23 November 2013 02: 49
    +1
    "At 11 am on November 9, the Nazis began a march to the city center at Marienplatz. At the head of the column Hitler, Ludendorff, Hermann Goering ..."

    Hermann Goering then received a gunshot wound in the groin area.
    At first, morphine was prescribed by doctors to dull pain.
    Over time, Hermann Goering began to take morphine and not as prescribed by doctors.