The long-lasting tender of the Turkish Ministry of Defense for the purchase of medium-range and long-range air defense systems under the T-LORAMIDS (Turkish Long Range Air and Missile Defense System) program ended on September 26 on 2013 with a sensational decision - after a meeting of the Department of Defense chaired by Turkish Prime Minister Teip Erdogan The industry (Savunma Sanayii Müsteşarlığı - SSM) of the Turkish Ministry of Defense announced the selection of the Chinese air defense system HQ-9, submitted to the tender by the Chinese trade association China Precision Machinery Export-Import Corporation (CPMIEC). In total, it is planned to purchase 12 systems (divisions) HQ-9, the estimated cost of the purchase will be 3 billion dollars. Thus, Turkey will become the first foreign buyer of the HQ-9 SAMs developed and produced by the Academy of Defense Technology (the so-called "Second Academy") of the Chinese state China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC). The development of HQ-9, apparently, was carried out with the participation of Russian enterprises. The choice of this SSM system is motivated by the lowest price of the Chinese proposal.
Other bidders in the T-LORAMIDS tender at the final stages were represented by the Alliance of Raytheon and Lockheed Martin Patriot ZRS (combination of PAC-2 GMT and PAC-3), presented by the European consortium Eurosam SAM ZPP (with Aster 30 Block 1) and presented by "Rosoboronexport" ZRS C-300ВМ "Antey-2500". Earlier, Rosoboronexport refused to promote Turkey's C-400 ZRS, proposed in the early stages of the tender. Representatives of NATO have repeatedly openly warned Turkey against the choice of Russian or Chinese proposals, citing the possible problems of integrating "non-Western" complexes into the unified NATO air defense system.