Military Review

From degradation to development. Why Stalin is better than Chubais.

25
From degradation to development. Why Stalin is better than Chubais.The attempt to eliminate the Russian Academy of Sciences, which is considered the “brain of the nation”, makes us think about a more general and crucial issue for the nation itself. Is our management system able to overcome the tendency to the degradation of all forms of socio-economic structure?


Reform itch


This trend arose immediately after the collapse of the USSR and since then has consistently increased, despite attempts by the country's political leadership to direct it towards modernization and innovative development. The liquidation of the Russian Academy of Sciences is just another stage in this process, which has already led to the destruction of the majority of the complex socio-economic systems created in the USSR. So almost destroyed engineering-engineering NGOs, which produced almost the entire range of high-tech products - from machines to aircraft. Destroyed the world's most efficient Unified Energy System. Unique education and health care systems have been killed, and the world's largest agricultural and forestry organization systems have collapsed. The nuclear industry and the rocket and space complex, which are still under state control, are next in line.
The destruction of old highly organized systems was not compensated by the formation of new ones. The market for Russian high-tech goods occupy imported counterparts. The place of domestic design institutes was seized by foreign engineering companies. Soviet education standards are replaced by a “Bologna” surrogate. Following the elimination of industrial applied science, we are also preparing to destroy the fundamental science. But it was she who gave the last hope for the revival of lost positions.

The social and economic system of Russia in the post-Soviet period has been repeatedly tried to reform. The result was always the same - the drop in the effectiveness of the corresponding subsystems. At the same time, the same reformers sometimes fancifully mixed liberal, bureaucratic, and anarchist methods. Only a mechanistic approach was common, ignoring the complexity of socio-economic systems, their organic nature, and the importance of the human factor.

The most primitive on the ideological basis and at the same time the most destructive were the so-called libertarian reforms, aimed at the elimination of state regulation and control. Thus, voucher privatization, which is destructively comparable to a military invasion, led to the degradation of industry, destroying production links that made it possible to create complex products. Under the same ideological sauce, the privatization of the Unified Energy System was held. The result is a multiple increase in tariffs. Russia dropped to the last place in the world in terms of connecting to the power grid. Privatization of forest and agricultural land caused continuous forest fires and the abandonment of agricultural land.

Health care reform shifted medicine from serving the population to the commercial interests of private insurance companies. The education reform has replaced the training of children "coaching" on the exam. “Modernization” of the state administration system, instead of increasing its efficiency, turns into its decline, the increase in the number of civil servants and the cost of their maintenance.

Back to the amoebas?

A common feature of such a variety of failed reforms is reductionism — the reduction of complex forms of organization to simpler ones. The libertarians reformers believe that self-organization will achieve a market equilibrium with a maximum economic effect that will be higher than as a result of the activities of complex highly organized structures. This is equivalent to what is considered animal world more efficient than civilization. It seems to the bureaucratic reformers that the formalization of management procedures will ensure an increase in their efficiency. In both approaches there is no development, and also the main subject of socio-economic relations is people.

Ignoring the human factor is a generic disease of our reformers, who usually blame the failure of reform for the inadequacy of the “human material.” Suffice it to recall Chubais "did not fit into the market" in relation to the millions of able-bodied and qualified people who were thrown on the social bottom. But it is people who determine the effectiveness of systems. Stalin's “cadres decide everything” amusingly contrasts with the cannibalistic approach of modern reformers. The communist tyrant was obviously more concerned with managing people than modern reformers. But it is their incompetence and corruption that explains the failure of most post-Soviet reforms.
Real socio-economic development is strikingly different from the speculative views of both libertarian and bureaucratic approaches. It goes from simple forms to more and more complex. In them, personal motives, private and collective interests, rules of work of organizations, norms of state regulation and participation are intricately intertwined. And the theory of market equilibrium, borrowed from classical mechanics, reflects the reverse evolution in the direction of increasing chaos according to the known principles of thermodynamics. The achievement of equilibrium by the system corresponds to the state of maximum entropy, in which development stops.

Forward to progress

Success is being achieved by countries skillfully combining the management of scientific and technological development with macroeconomic, industrial, educational and other components of state policy. All of them must comply with the common goal of improving the competitiveness of the national economy. Such a targeted systemic policy gives an economic miracle - the explosive growth of production and the influence of countries that have succeeded in its competent conduct.

Central planning methods alone do not guarantee success. The secret of an economic miracle is in its skillful combination with the motivation of citizens creating and mastering advanced technologies. Already the first successful models of capitalist development in medieval Venice and Genoa showed effective examples of public-private partnership. The economic miracle of Holland that followed was based on a tough alliance of business and government in the East Indies campaign. Later this experience was successfully reproduced in England and Russia.
To date, this process has reached the scale of transnational corporations.

The path to salvation - partnership

The first necessary condition for Russia's return to the path of independent development should be the rejection of obsessive libertarian mythology. It serves the interests of foreign structures seeking to appropriate Russian national wealth, exploit its resources and establish control over Russian spaces. Under the influence of this ideology, Russia is gradually voluntarily becoming a colony, exploited by American, European and Chinese capital.

The second condition is the streamlining of state policy itself. Decisions should not be made based on dogma, personal or group interests, as well as on the recommendations of foreign agents or on a spontaneous reaction to changes in the situation. State policy should be a system of measures aimed at long-term socio-economic development. State property should be an important tool for achieving development goals, which implies the subordination to these goals of the entire state property management system. Including state corporations, whose management should be responsible for the timely achievement of targets.

All sectoral management subsystems must be aligned with government policies. For example, the goal of the health system should be to increase life expectancy and reduce the incidence of citizens, rather than enforcing the budgets of compulsory health insurance funds in the interests of private companies. The goal of the secondary education system should be the preparation of creatively active, competent and socially responsible youth, and not the passing of the USE. The goal of the reform of science should be the increase in innovation activity, the restoration of applied branch and plant science, and not the bureaucratization of its fundamental sector. Science itself should be managed by the scientific community in the interests of obtaining new knowledge, rather than mastering the budget.

The third condition is the coordination of private and public interests. It is necessary to actively involve private business and public organizations in the processes of state policy planning, with subsequent overall responsibility for its implementation. The state in this process should play the role of moderator, not replacing it with bureaucratic procedures. The process of public-private partnership should become transparent and focused on achieving jointly set development goals. Instead of corruption, his responsibility should be mutual responsibility. At the same time, the idealization of both the state and business should be avoided. This partnership between the state and the private sector must be subordinated to the interests of society. And for this it is necessary to form a network of broad public control over this process. Citizens should have the right to initiate the removal from office of any negligent official.

The fourth and key condition is the creation of conditions for the creative self-realization of citizens in socially useful activities. This will require a significant restructuring of both the education system and the methodology for managing organizations. To solve the first task, the state should rely on the pedagogical community, which still carries the many achievements of the national school. The rights of teachers to assess the knowledge of students and applicants should be restored. For the exam, you can save the functions of testing a set of knowledge, the minimum necessary for admission to higher education. The solution of the second task involves the formation of a new management culture, focused on the activation of the human factor.

Take what you want

Modern national economic systems are classified as open. For all the post-Soviet years, Russia has given its economic energy to the external environment, acting as a financial, energy, technological and human donor.

With this approach, the turnover of Russian property through privatization, offshore withdrawal and sale to a foreign investor was considered by reformers as quite natural and almost the only possible one. Therefore, all economic policy issues they reduce to improving the notorious investment climate, which means ensuring complete freedom and guarantees of permissiveness to foreign capital.
Actually Russian, focused on the interests of the country's development, remain mainly state-owned corporations of the high-tech sector, social organizations and the Russian Academy of Sciences. Their privatization, manically imposed by the reformers, will destroy the last roots of the country's independent development. The trajectory of its further evolution will be subordinated to the interests of external structures: transnational corporations, the American oligarchy, the European market, the Chinese state, etc.


Art steering

The modern theory of organization management has gained a lot of knowledge and experience in this area, including the school of human relations, the concept of organic institution-building, the position of the "knowledge economy". However, the implementation of these theoretical achievements requires considerable effort on the part of managers and owners of organizations. This is impossible in modern conditions, when the business is focused on short-term profit maximization due to the merciless operation of production and the unavailability of a long-term loan.

Therefore, the fifth condition for the transition to the trajectory of successful development is a fundamental change in both the microeconomic environment and macroeconomic policy.

Macroeconomic policies should be sufficiently selective to meet the challenges of development. Simplification of macroeconomic regulation does not always entail an increase in efficiency. The control system must match the complexity of the control object. This means that it is necessary to regulate prices in monopolized activities, tax incentives to stimulate innovative activity, low-interest long-term loans to finance investments. At the same time, incentives for destructive forms of entrepreneurial behavior, including “devouring” fixed capital and its export abroad, environmental pollution, overpricing and tax evasion, should be eliminated.

The fulfillment of these five conditions is necessary, but not enough for the transition to successful economic development. The system of government should be organic. The growing complexity of the modern economy makes it necessary to focus on the "cultivation" of economic organizations that are competitive in the world market. Of particular importance is the restoration of applied scientific, technical and project activities. For this, it is vital for the state to fully stimulate corporate R & D, to create a wide network of innovative companies. The latter will have to be grown mainly by cloning research departments of the RAS, the most powerful of the remaining scientific organizations in the country.

It is required to recreate on the advanced technological basis of the expanded production of goods of final demand. Technologically speaking, this is still possible. An important role in this process can be played by state support for the import of technology along with a shock stimulation of advanced domestic developments. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure the return from all offshore companies under the Russian jurisdiction of all enterprises conducting a significant economic activity in Russia. At the same time, a sovereign monetary system must finally be created that can provide long-term affordable credit from domestic sources.

The proposed changes in government policy may seem too radical and even unrealizable. We have become accustomed to live in a strange mind. In fact, this requires only high qualifications and a responsible approach, as well as knowledge of the general laws of development theory. These are not such overwhelming demands for people at the helm of a country that claims to be a superpower.

Brains for sale

During the preparation of market reforms, the author of these lines, together with Academician Lvov, proposed a gradual plan for denationalizing the economy by creating market mechanisms without losing the complexity of organizing production activities. We proposed expanding the independence of existing NGOs, research institutes, factories, and institutions with immersion in a competitive environment based on corporatization and market pricing. At the same time, they would preserve systemic integrity and the ability for expanded reproduction. Administrative planning should have been replaced by strategic ones with a wide autonomy of economic entities.

Unfortunately, this path that China followed, having found its economic miracle, was rejected as too complicated. Foreign consultants poorly educated leadership of post-Soviet Russia imposed a primitive libertarian approach. The “shock therapy” implemented with Bolshevik directness resulted in the fragmentation of research and production associations, and their component parts that lost their viability were plunged into a chaos of galloping inflation and lawlessness. As a result, the economy quickly degraded to primitive types of activities in the extraction and production of commodities and trade in finished imported products. The state ceded control over the economy of organized crime, and semi-literate "top managers" took the place of highly qualified engineers.

The loss of the ability to produce complex products of final demand unfolded huge volumes of raw materials, materials, capital and highly skilled labor for export, which were absorbed by the West, providing it with two decades of sustainable growth on a modern technological basis. Only five years ago, they were faced with a crisis that began at the end of the 80s, but was delayed and mitigated by the enormous resource supply of their economies from the collapsing national-economic complex of post-socialist countries.

In fact, the Russian economy has become a nutrient medium for the development of foreign structures, which quickly adapt it to their needs. Not only to raw materials, energy and sales. Over the past decade, the reproduction of “human capital” has been rebuilt to meet the needs of foreign structures - the transition of Russian education to the Bologna standards, the creation of the grotesque Skolkovo are designed to facilitate the digestion of Russian intellectual resources. In the same direction, the reform of the RAS was conceived, which would entail the release of the remaining scientific potential for foreign utilization.
Author:
Originator:
http://argumenti.ru/society/n401/275873
25 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. treskoed
    treskoed 16 August 2013 07: 37
    15
    The post-Soviet period has repeatedly tried to reform the socio-economic system of Russia. The result was always the same - a drop in the efficiency of the corresponding subsystems.

    Under Stalin, everything was reformed in the country! The result is creative! Progress is everywhere! The people have optimism and faith in a bright future!
    1. Refund_SSSR
      Refund_SSSR 16 August 2013 07: 46
      +9
      But what kind of perverted brain could give birth to such a comparison?
      1. Airman
        Airman 16 August 2013 13: 22
        +1
        Quote: We refund_SSSR
        But what kind of perverted brain could give birth to such a comparison?

        Yes, Chubais had long had to become a stutter, because at any mention of his name in a negative context, he should hiccup, and he should hiccup continuously.
    2. Vadivak
      Vadivak 16 August 2013 09: 09
      +5
      Quote: Author Sergey GLAZIEV, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences
      Why Stalin is better than Chubais


      Why did the author even think about comparing a foreign agent-thief and a statesman
      1. Turik
        Turik 16 August 2013 11: 06
        +1
        I agree, the comparison is absolutely childish: this one is byaka, this uncle is good.
  2. garnag
    garnag 16 August 2013 07: 44
    11
    Comparing a rogue Chubais with GREAT STALIN is not serious.
    1. OTTO
      OTTO 16 August 2013 08: 48
      0
      I agree, figures of different levels and different scales.
  3. vitek1233
    vitek1233 16 August 2013 07: 54
    +3
    It's like two lifestyles Healthy and Wrong
  4. NOMAD
    NOMAD 16 August 2013 08: 01
    +1
    These are two incompatible concepts! Stalin and Chubais! It’s the same as comparing an elephant with a pug !!!
    1. ivshubarin
      ivshubarin 17 August 2013 12: 02
      0
      Chubais is not up to the pug, a bug
  5. Edward72
    Edward72 16 August 2013 08: 02
    +7
    No words, I only have such associations
  6. bya965
    bya965 16 August 2013 08: 06
    +9
    Petrik filters under the wing of Gryzlov.

    Just at that time, the last real scientific satellite of Russia nearly fell, the reformers launched their
    On May 23, 2008, on Friday, the Rokot launch vehicle was launched from the Plesetsk cosmodrome. It had 4 satellites on board, which entered the target orbit at 21:05 Moscow time (18:05 GMT). Three military men and the fourth experimental, named "Jubilee" in honor of the 50th anniversary of the launch of the first artificial Earth satellite.
    "A propulsion device without ejection of jet mass" was developed at the Research Institute of Space Systems near Moscow. Scientific director of the Research Institute Menshikov explained that "In the resulting motion effect, we may observe an unknown phenomenon of interaction of the working fluid with fields, the nature of which is poorly understood, such as the gravitational field."


    When on lente I read the following messages I did not believe
    The Skolkovo Foundation announced that it is “preparing a scientific revolution” - on October 25, 2012, the Center for International Discussion will host a discussion on the topic “Perpetual motion machine: from science fiction to innovation of the century”. This was announced in an official press release on the foundation's website.

    "Until recently, classical science denied the very possibility of creating a" perpetual motion machine ", this idea was the lot of science fiction writers." Impossible ", - physicists have declared over the last century. installations with efficiency (efficiency - approx. "Lenta.ru") more than 100 percent, "- said in the message.

    Then he found his confirmation on the Skolkovo site.

    Unified State Exam and "per capita" financing of universities. Increased student scholarships, exceeding the salary of associate professors at the same university. The fall of the Chelyabinsk meteorite, as "punishment of the Lord". The division of real estate and land, first the army, and then the RAS.

    There is only one conclusion. In my country, after "successful reforms" obscurantism. All these people, as incapable, to Siberia for logging, as Comrade Stalin did.
    1. bya965
      bya965 16 August 2013 08: 44
      0
      "per capita" financing of universities. Increased student scholarships surpassing the salary of associate professors at the same university

      "per capita" funding of universities means from the current number of students. In practice, if he bet 10 twos, he fired himself or another teacher. Most universities immediately changed the charter so that the expulsion order was written once a year.
      Increased scholarships are received (10-12% of the total number of scholarship recipients), who study perfectly and have scientific publications, or go in for sports, thin. amateur, active organizational activities at the university.
  7. Furnace driver
    Furnace driver 16 August 2013 08: 11
    +4
    what they wrote, now they’re doing it ... they joint-stock what is still not destroyed by the libertarians (liberals). in general, they do as Vasilich wrote in one of his articles: Putin is building a corporation instead of a state - a corporation of oligarchs, they woke up, so to speak.
    only the people will not get better from this. starting up the recovery process becomes harder and harder every year, not because the skilled personnel are becoming smaller and the system that creates these personnel is collapsing, but because an external factor is added to these factors: no one wants to see Russia strong like the USSR.
    So alas, you have to build a corporation called Russia. Maybe ... although it is unlikely ... the moral guidelines of the younger generation are shifted to the wrong plane, and a system is being built with an emphasis to grow suckers who are easy to manage and therefore, as the older generation decreases, there is less and less chance of a revival society and the state on the basis of high moral ideals.
  8. olviko
    olviko 16 August 2013 08: 14
    10
    "Privatization in Russia before 1997 was not an economic process at all. It was solving the main task - to stop communism. We have solved this task."
    A. Chubais
    "If you are an assistant professor, professor, head of a department in a specialized direction and you do not have your own business, why the hell do I need you at all?"
    A. Chubais
    "And we don't turn off anyone! We don't turn off anyone at all. We turn it on for those who pay."
    A. Chubais
    "The Russian army is reborn in Chechnya."
    A. Chubais
    “You know, I have re-read Dostoevsky in the last three months. And I have an almost physical hatred for this man. He is undoubtedly a genius, but his idea of ​​the Russians as a chosen, holy people, his cult of suffering and the wrong choice that he offers make me want to rip him to pieces. "
    A. Chubais
    "We gave the property to those who were closer to her. Bandits, secretaries of regional committees, directors of factories. They got it ..."
    A. Chubais
    "You ask, where is the money in the real sector? Someday it will reach him too."
    A. Chubais
    "As for the fact that Chubais is to blame for everything, well, first of all, this is largely true."
    A. Chubais
    Looking for some more comments?
    1. Tatanka Yotanka
      Tatanka Yotanka 16 August 2013 11: 59
      +2
      Quote: olviko
      Looking for some more comments?

      I would add another one at the end
      Vladimir Putin: Anatoly Chubais is the figure we need
      1. hommer
        hommer 16 August 2013 15: 12
        +1
        Quote: olviko
        Looking for some more comments?


        Chubais is a member of the board of directors of JP Morgan Chase ...
        Eh-eh-eh, thoughts arise outright bad.
  9. krpmlws
    krpmlws 16 August 2013 08: 17
    +2
    Quote: treskoed
    The post-Soviet period has repeatedly tried to reform the socio-economic system of Russia. The result was always the same - a drop in the efficiency of the corresponding subsystems.

    Under Stalin, everything was reformed in the country! The result is creative! Progress is everywhere! The people have optimism and faith in a bright future!

    Everything is so, however, there is one thing: the Stalin system was effective with its direct manual control, he did not create a self-sustaining effective system, the result was a gradual devaluation of the elite (made it possible for Gorbachev to come to power and harmlessly destroy the Warsaw block, the USSR and other criminals actions), numerous mistakes in the economy and politics, stagnation, lagging behind the leading countries in key areas of scientific and technological progress.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. treskoed
      treskoed 16 August 2013 09: 19
      +2
      Quote: krpmlws
      Stalin's system, was effective with its direct manual control, he did not create a self-sustaining effective system, the result is a gradual devaluation of the elite ...



      Unfortunately, history does not know such examples, after the departure of bright personalities there comes a time of devastation ....
  10. soldier's grandson
    soldier's grandson 16 August 2013 08: 45
    0
    Chubais is the only untouchable in Russia, are there any more Kvachkovs?
    1. Airman
      Airman 16 August 2013 13: 28
      0
      Quote: soldier's grandson
      Chubais is the only untouchable in Russia, are there any more Kvachkovs?

      How much rope does not curl, and the end will be. This proverb works 100%.
  11. krpmlws
    krpmlws 16 August 2013 09: 42
    +1
    Quote: treskoed
    Quote: krpmlws
    Stalin's system, was effective with its direct manual control, he did not create a self-sustaining effective system, the result is a gradual devaluation of the elite ...



    Unfortunately, history does not know such examples, after the departure of bright personalities there comes a time of devastation ....

    The bottom line is that Stalin did nothing to smooth out the negative phenomena possible after his departure, he was not concerned with the prospect "after me" - this is his main omission.
    1. soldier's grandson
      soldier's grandson 16 August 2013 09: 47
      +1
      so he left suddenly, and what kind of smoothing comes when the country after the war has not yet fully recovered
  12. tilovaykrisa
    tilovaykrisa 16 August 2013 09: 59
    +1
    You can not compare saffron milk cap and I.V. Stalin, even in the title of the article.
  13. NOMAD
    NOMAD 16 August 2013 10: 05
    +3
    Under Stalin, so many factories and unique new factories were built! He practically restored and gathered back the Russian lands! Including Sakhalin, he forced the Finns to make territorial concessions — he took Karelia, the lands of the former Prussia now in the Kaliningrad Region!! Under him, the USSR became a nuclear power! The country was quickly recovering from a difficult war! And the red-haired reformer Chubais collapsed with the company, squandered all the national property! What only there’s a voucher scam! They arranged the phenomenon when the store director, director of the vegetable warehouse or plant director woke up in the morning the owners of these objects! CIA agents could not make such great sabotage in relation to the country, but Chubais and Co. succeeded !!!! In my opinion, he walks free for 15-20 years !!!!
  14. My address
    My address 16 August 2013 10: 20
    +4
    It is strange that GDP tolerates Glazyev in advisors. In GDP, Medvedev and Chubais are effective, and here Glazyev interferes with disrupting and stealing.
  15. The comment was deleted.
  16. Jet blackbird
    Jet blackbird 16 August 2013 11: 46
    -1
    There are two main troubles in Russia: Totalitarianism and Liberal corruption)) One "era" is replaced by another)) One "supposedly creates" and the other "supposedly drinks everything that has been created")) And that in one "era", that in another - one serious component .... Respect for their own people, their land and the lack of humane legality.
  17. Peaceful military
    Peaceful military 16 August 2013 12: 09
    +1
    I agree with the author, except for one. Putting on one step Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili / STALIN - one of the outstanding national leaders in the history of mankind and which temporary worker and comrades, albeit admitted to the helm - this is too much.
    1. Airman
      Airman 16 August 2013 13: 33
      +1
      Quote: Peaceful military
      I agree with the author, except for one. Putting on one step Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili / STALIN - one of the outstanding national leaders in the history of mankind and which temporary worker and comrades, albeit admitted to the helm - this is too much.

      Yes, not to the helm (that is, to the helm), but the redhead was admitted to the feeder.
      1. Peaceful military
        Peaceful military 16 August 2013 19: 51
        +2
        Well, yes, it was about a feed for the "young reformers" so that they would reform the country, well, they reformed, turning the country into a barn of a dying collective farm, and the feed into their own feeder.
  18. Corsair5912
    Corsair5912 16 August 2013 16: 49
    +3
    the author of these lines along with academician Lvov proposed a gradual plan to denationalize the economy by creating market mechanisms without loss of complexity organization of production activities. We proposed expanding the independence of existing NGOs, research institutes, factories, institutes with immersion in a competitive environment based on corporatization and market pricing. At the same time, they would maintain systemic integrity and ability to expanded reproduction. Administrative planning should be replaced by strategic planning with broad independence of business entities


    Utopian socialists are brainless, believing in a never-existing self-regulatory market.
    Science, economics, defense, politics and social sphere of the USSR were strong precisely by "statehood" and centralization, in contrast to the decentralized capitalist market controlled by a handful of super-rich.
    The Soviet state could afford the costs of such goals to increase the welfare of the people and the country, and in such amounts that are inconceivable for capitalism.
    The problem was not in planning and not in the poor organization of the socialist economy, but in dishonest managers from the degenerate top of the CPSU.
    It was not the country that had to be reformed, but the CPSU, according to the method of 1938, and it was not too late, these creatures continued to roll Russia to the abyss.