Military Review

Sentences for treason. How is punished for treason in the US and Russia

36

Treason is considered one of the most serious crimes. No wonder the great Dante in the "Divine Comedy" placed the traitors in the last, 9, circle of hell, intended for the most terrible criminals. In his work, the king of evil, Lucifer, gnaws at once with his three mouths.


Who can now be considered traitors? What are the sentences handed down by the courts for helping the enemy? The AN reporter tried to get answers to these and other questions from veteran Soviet and Russian counterintelligence Vladimir Nikolayevich SMIRNOV.

Snowden does not want the fate of Manning

Despite his very advanced age, Vladimir Nikolaevich is alert and sporty. A retired colonel is keenly interested in the latter the news.

- Is it true that Edward Snowden, who received temporary asylum from us, is already walking around Red Square and even visited V.I. Mausoleum? Lenin? - Smirnov asks me first.

“Newspaper ducks,” I wave dismissively. - There are no photos of the former tsareushnik in Red Square. Mausoleum under repair. In the West, many believe that Snowden is being interrogated in the basements of the Lubyanka.

Now the old counterintelligence grins incredulously:

- Do you also believe in the myths about the terrible basements of the Lubyanka? There have long been only warehouses with different property located. And the famous "vnutryanka" - the inner prison of the KGB - closed in the last century. Tell me, when will the trial of Bradley Manning end? Sorry for the young guy. How much will they give him? Like Snowden, I do not consider him a traitor. After all, they did not cooperate with foreign intelligence services, but donated to the media the truth, even if it was secret.

“The trial should end on August 23,” I answered Vladimir Nikolayevich. - It is not known what sentence a woman judge with shoulder straps for a colonel to an ordinary American army will pass. While she took the main accusation - help the enemy. For this informant famous Assange threatened life imprisonment. But now, on twenty counts, the prosecutor is demanding years of prison for Manning 136.

“Even if the judge takes pity and gives him only half the requested time, it’s still a life sentence,” says Smirnov. - The same fate awaits in America and Snowden.

Where is punished more severely?

“The death penalty has not been abolished in the USA and now in many states,” I note in reply. - True, in the past it was used more often. Recall the sad fate of the spouses Rosenberg. They were executed on 19 on June 1953 in an electric chair for collaborating with Soviet intelligence. Allegedly, they gave the secret of the American atomic bomb.

“60 years have passed since then,” the veteran said thoughtfully. - Morals softened a bit. In America, they give life for betrayal, we have a maximum of 25 years.

Smirnov began to give examples.

Aldrich Ames. He worked at the CIA with 1961, held important posts in the Soviet-Eastern European department and counterintelligence center. Recruited by Soviet intelligence in 1985 year. He reported to Moscow no less than 25 CIA agents, depriving the American special services of many valuable information sources in the USSR, and received for this from Moscow 4,6 million dollars. From the American Themis - a life sentence.

Robert Hansen. He worked in the FBI with 1972, engaged in the fight against foreign intelligence officers who worked in the United States. He offered his services to the Soviet intelligence services in 1985 year. He issued a number of agents and a host of other secret information (including on the tunnel, dug by the FBI under the USSR Embassy for data collection), receiving 1,4 million dollars. Arrested in February 2001. Convicted to life imprisonment.

This spring, Alaskan military police officer William Colton Millay was sentenced to 16 years in prison just for attempting to transfer secrets of the American army to an FBI agent undercover. The counterintelligence officer presented himself as an experienced “Russian spy”. According to the investigation, the hapless cop pecked at this bait and tried to sell the "Russian diplomat" top-secret information about the F-22 aircraft.

In response, the AN columnist cited the Deputy Prime Minister of Russia, Dmitry Rogozin. In his blog, he expressed regret about, in his view, the overly lenient sentence to engineer Alexander Gniteyev, who had given Bulava secrets to foreign intelligence services.

Rogozin believes that they have given little. In his blog, he wrote that the betrayal must be given not eight years, but eighty. After all, for 50 thousand dollars Alexander Gniteyev, an employee of the NPO Avtomatika named after academician Semikhatov, gave out the secrets of the Bulava rocket to 500 million bucks.

From the Russian, most humane court in the world, except for eight years in a strict regime colony and a fine of 100 thousand rubles, Gniteyev was sentenced to an additional one year restriction of liberty with a ban on changing his place of residence and leaving the municipality without official permission. This was done so that after serving his time in the colony they did not immediately flush abroad. But after all, the Bulava will be in service for more than one year.

How have we betrayed traitors

During Soviet times, for the slightest hint of espionage, they gave the highest measure - execution. And the people were afraid to betray their homeland. What now?
Father Poteeva, tanker, Hero of the Soviet Union, probably in a coffin as a fan spins with fury because of the betrayal of his son. And the traitor-son lives quietly in America and wanted to spit on the verdict in absentia.

Just like the other traitor to the Motherland, General Kalugin, the traitor Vladimir Potashov flourishes. He lives in the United States on benefits from the American government as "a person who suffered as a result of cooperation with the CIA."

Potashov inflicted losses on the USSR in the tens of billions of dollars. It was he who promptly notified the Americans about the creation in the structure of the USSR Ministry of Defense a new division - the Space Command. He informed about the reasons for the delay of the launch of the Soviet space shuttle. Issued the CIA a lot of strategic secrets. And for this he constantly asked his curators from Langley for money. Not for nothing - he already started up five mistresses who demanded expensive fur coats, gold jewelry, entertainment in the low-lying places of Moscow ...

Greed in the end and killed the fraer spy. From the office of the director of the institute, a CIA agent stole a directory of government communications, naively believing that he would break the fabulous sum for him. But the disappearance of the document, which had the “For official use” stamp, led to the beginning of a thorough investigation. As a result, the Soviet counterintelligence and went to Potashov.

Despite the fact that Potashov inflicted great damage on our country, by the highest order of Mikhail Gorbachev, he was not executed, but was sentenced only to 13 years of imprisonment. Six years later, in 1992, Yeltsin had already released the former senior research associate under an amnesty. He immediately received a passport, an American visa and left for the ocean.

In modern Russia, betrayal is becoming less and less punishable. If 25 years ago, the “tower” threatened it, now it’s a time limit, often comparable to the punishment for stealing, say, a bag of flour.

20 On April 1998, a court in the Moscow Military District, sentenced an officer of the GRU, Lieutenant Colonel Vladimir Tkachenko, to three years in prison. He was a member of a group of GRU officers who sold Israeli intelligence services Mossad around 200 secret documents. Previously, two years conditionally received another member of the group - Lieutenant Colonel Gennady Sporyshev. And the organizer of the trade of secrets, a retired GRU colonel Alexander Volkov, at whose house the detectives seized 345 thousand dollars, generally went to court as a witness.

In 1992, the GRU lieutenant colonel Vyacheslav Baranov was arrested. In 1985, he was sent to work in Bangladesh. In 1989, he was recruited by the CIA - he accepted the recruiting offer of Americans on the terms of paying him a lump sum in 25 thousand dollars, as well as 2 thousand dollars monthly. Got a pseudonym Tony. He told the CIA about the composition and structure of the GRU and about the residents of the GRU and PGU in Bangladesh. Then he returned to Moscow and from 1990, he searched for Americans for information about bacteriological preparations available to the GRU. Tried to leave the country on a fake passport to Vienna. In August, 1992 was arrested while passing border controls. During interrogation, gave confessions. In 1993, he was sentenced to six years in prison. Released ahead of time.

Help

Alexander Sypachev of the Moscow District Military Court (MOVS) was found guilty of attempted state treason and sentenced to 8 years. He was caught trying to convey secret information to representatives of the CIA.

11 June 2003 of the Ministry of Internal Affairs gave the former deputy head of the SVR counterintelligence department of the SVR, Alexander Zaporozhsky, 1 years of imprisonment. The ex-colonel from 18 worked for the CIA. In July, 1995, he was transferred to the United States in exchange for Russian illegal immigrants.

5 March 2011, the Moscow City Court convicted retired Colonel of the Defense Ministry, a former employee of the Ministry of Atomic Energy and Emergencies Ministry Andrei Khlychev, for 18 for the transfer of information about Russian nuclear programs to the American special services.

27 June 2011 of the year MOVS sentenced in absentia the deputy head of the SVR department, Colonel Alexander Poteev, who fled from Russia, to 25 years. He passed a group of ten Russian illegal agents in June 2010 to the Americans.

10 February 2012 of the Year The Third District Military Court of the Moscow Region sentenced Lieutenant Colonel Vladimir Nesterts, a senior test engineer at the Plesetsk cosmodrome of Plesetsk, to 13 for years, who transmitted information about the testing of Russian strategic missile systems to the CIA.

6 June 2012, the Moscow District Military Court for treason gave 18 years of imprisonment to the retired 61-year-old Colonel of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation Valery Mikhailov.
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36 comments
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  1. tilovaykrisa
    tilovaykrisa 15 August 2013 18: 54
    16
    They say in the GRU the traitors were thrown into the furnace, and as for me they did it right.
    1. builder
      builder 15 August 2013 19: 28
      14
      Suvorov (Rezun) should be read less.
      1. Aryan
        Aryan 15 August 2013 20: 09
        +5
        and what to read it? the letters are Russian, but the thoughts of Dr. Goebbels
      2. Uhalus
        Uhalus 15 August 2013 23: 19
        +4
        We can’t say whether it is a bike or not. It is very possible that it was in reality. In the end, this is a good educational measure ... For the edification of the following. Moreover, it is necessary to punish the traitor somehow?

        I feel that if you search and execute traitors, you will have to shoot all the highest officials, including the Highest bully and all the oligarchs ...
    2. Proud.
      Proud. 15 August 2013 20: 45
      +5
      Quote: tilovaykrisa
      t in the GRU traitors thrown into the furnace

      I read about something similar, though in a work of art. A similar action was shot on a movie camera, and then similar films were played to future employees, they say heed what happens for betrayal. Even if it was gossip, with rumors, it’s already good. Such infa, still put off in memory.
    3. Very old
      Very old 15 August 2013 20: 46
      +5
      Near our city, the catacombs are the remains of structures that Penkovsky passed. Remember that one? Huge folk funds have been invested, and today there are boys playing war games
  2. il grand casino
    il grand casino 15 August 2013 18: 58
    +4
    “In the USA and now in many states the death penalty has not been abolished,” I note in response. - True, in the past it was used more often. Recall the sad fate of the Rosenberg spouses. They were executed on June 19, 1953 in an electric chair for cooperation with Soviet intelligence.

    Here is a strangely arranged man. All those who worked for the USSR and were caught ... it is a pity for the people ... but when, on the contrary, it is thought so at once "Shoot for treason" ... a strange creature, a strange person ...
    1. tilovaykrisa
      tilovaykrisa 15 August 2013 19: 00
      21
      They worked mainly for the idea in the USSR, but for the grandmother in the USA, that’s why the attitude is different, one cannot compare Kim Philby and the bastard Kalugin. We are light, they are Darkness, everything is simple and clear, they have spies, we have scouts)
      1. il grand casino
        il grand casino 15 August 2013 19: 03
        +2
        Aldrich Ames. He worked in the CIA since 1961, held important posts in the Soviet-Eastern European department and counterintelligence center. Recruited by Soviet intelligence in 1985. He reported to Moscow at least 25 CIA agents, depriving the American secret services of many valuable sources of information in the USSR, and received for this from Moscow 4,6 million dollars. From American Themis - a life sentence.

        Robert Hansen. He worked in the FBI since 1972, engaged in the fight against foreign intelligence agents who worked in the United States. Sam offered his services to the Soviet special services in 1985. He issued a number of agents and a host of other secret information (including about the tunnel dug by the FBI under the USSR Embassy to collect data), receiving 1,4 million dollars. Arrested in February 2001. Sentenced to life imprisonment.


        Well, apparently not all just for the idea
      2. Very old
        Very old 15 August 2013 21: 22
        +1
        Stalin, and if I can’t stand the bastards, where can I be ranked?
    2. Dimy4
      Dimy4 15 August 2013 20: 03
      +2
      And this is because if ours, then a scout, and if theirs is a spy.
    3. Very old
      Very old 15 August 2013 20: 59
      +3
      Alexander, we really are strange, just do not refuse us in the mind, please
  3. self-propelled
    self-propelled 15 August 2013 18: 59
    +8
    compare

    Article 64 of the Criminal Code of the USSR. Treason Homeland
    .the applicable sentence is deprivation of liberty for a term of ten to fifteen years with confiscation of property or the death penalty with confiscation of property.

    Article 275 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation Treason
    .the applicable sentence is deprivation of liberty for a term of from twelve to twenty years with a fine in the amount of up to five hundred thousand rubles or in the amount of the wage or other income of the convicted person for a period of up to three years or without it.
    verily Russian court is the most humane court in the world what
  4. svp67
    svp67 15 August 2013 19: 01
    -2
    Undoubtedly, the strictness of the law must be applied to such people. And most importantly, stop exchanging them for our scouts ...
    1. S-200
      S-200 15 August 2013 20: 29
      +1
      Quote: svp67
      the main thing is to stop exchanging them for our scouts ...

      You are fundamentally wrong!
      because ... this is the elite, which, when exposed, "goes into circulation" and "to steam on the bunk" is formally "to work out a number" that is no longer needed by either "our" or "your" ...
      1. svp67
        svp67 15 August 2013 20: 32
        +3
        Quote: S-200
        You are fundamentally wrong!

        Well then, let's say a little differently - stop changing them only for OUR people sent to a foreign country, and expand the practice and change them to recruited citizens of a foreign country ... it would be even better only for recruits, so to speak "bash for bash .. . "
  5. Ruslan_F38
    Ruslan_F38 15 August 2013 19: 07
    12
    We have become too soft in everything. And we forgive traitors, Kalugin and others live in America and don’t blow a mustache. And we reprimand publicly for failures in the defense industry, like for example Rogozin Popovkina for the last "failure", okay, I didn't whip it publicly with a belt - the same punishment for me, and this is sabotage, betrayal, for a bag of potatoes in prison, and for the theft of budget billions and the fall of three satellites glonass - nothing, just scolded, fired at most from work. And there is no need to forgive - he fled from justice abroad - to liquidate like Yandarbiyev. Got caught here - life sentence with no options. Satellites fell, submarines and frigates were not ready, there was a shortage of modern aircraft and tanks - there were no exceptions to logging. And life will improve and the country will be able to sleep peacefully.
    1. My address
      My address 15 August 2013 20: 19
      +9
      In the meantime, everything is logical.

      If Chubais is in the highest effective managers, DAM in the premiers, then it is natural for traitors to soften. Kvachkov received 13 years, so after all he is not a traitor, he encroached on the holy - on thieves and traitors.
      1. Ruslan_F38
        Ruslan_F38 15 August 2013 20: 36
        +6
        Quote: My address
        In the meantime, everything is logical.

        If Chubais is in the highest effective managers, DAM in the premiers, then it is natural for traitors to soften. Kvachkov received 13 years, so after all he is not a traitor, he encroached on the holy - on thieves and traitors.


        I agree. When I see Chubais on the screens not in prison uniform, but Medvedev isolated from government structures, faith in Russian power and justice, to put it mildly, "sinks below the plinth." It’s a pity for Kvachkov, a real patriot of Russia, it’s a pity that he didn’t hit the redhead - he would have done such a great thing for the country.
    2. ty60
      ty60 15 August 2013 22: 14
      +4
      I completely agree. Damage inflicted is a criterion for punishment. Confiscation is obligatory! Children will think for their parents - who wants poverty?
  6. orek
    orek 15 August 2013 19: 11
    +6
    On May 23, 1940, at 4 a.m., about twenty people armed with machine guns broke into the courtyard of a well-guarded mansion on Vienna Street in Mexico City in order to kill its inhabitant - Leon Trotsky. The machine gunners fired more than 300 bullets that turned a well-appointed home into a real sieve. This time it was not completed. The attempt was repeated. On August 20, 1940, Ramon appeared at Trotsky's mansion. As soon as the owner of the villa bent over an article defending the "great revolutionary Trotsky" from "the attacks of the Stalinists," Jackson-Mercader struck him a terrible blow on the back of the head with an ice pick. 23 years after the bloody coup, the award found a "hero". Ramon also did not "split" during the investigation, although he was beaten twice a day for six years by the secret services of "democratic" Mexico, plus he was kept in a cell with no window. After his release in May 1960, Mercader was invited to the USSR and awarded the star of the Hero of the Soviet Union. In 1973 he went to live in Cuba, where he died at the age of 64. Where are the modern "RAMONS" ?? !!
    Why Mr. Potashev, having 5 mistresses, was not found and liquidated SHOW by the specialists of his own counterintelligence! Or is it "normal" ???
    1. Dilshat
      Dilshat 15 August 2013 21: 16
      +4
      1. In the USSR, the KGB specially trained specialists for such cases. The training of one specialist cost more than the price of that instant. Specialists were of such a level that, if ordered, they were able to eliminate the leader of any country.
      2. And to give 8 years for treason is true liberalism.
  7. mole
    mole 15 August 2013 19: 19
    +2
    Everyone has their own cockroaches in their heads. For recruiting, we need illustrative examples. There is a good opportunity to show the wonderful life of poor Snowden, to promote. So the next ones can save public money. But a traitor is a traitor, regardless of ideology or for money. War is like war! It is imperative for our special services to use their desire, but "their" traitors must be punished in the same way as terrorists! So that he knew that he would never see happiness. And such a measure should be taken in legislation as a life-long ban on travel outside a certain region, not to mention outside the country.
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 15 August 2013 19: 50
      +2
      According to a VTsIOM survey, the Russians rate the act of Edward Snowden, who made public the total surveillance of American intelligence services by Internet users, as a desire to open the world to the truth. So say 52% of respondents, and about a quarter of Russians (26%) are inclined to think that Snowden sought to discredit the activities of special services
  8. Su-9
    Su-9 15 August 2013 19: 49
    +3
    I thought that in the states of military traitors a tribunal is judging, and that everything is easier there than in court. I think that the Kalugins should also be judged by the tribunal. CC is not applicable here.
  9. Crocodile
    Crocodile 15 August 2013 19: 57
    +4
    From the Russian, most humane court in the world, except for eight years in a maximum security penal colony and a fine of 100 thousand rubles, Gniteev was sentenced to an additional restriction of freedom for a period of one year with a ban on changing his place of residence and leaving the municipality without official permission.
    Long live our court, the most humane in the world! ...
    How can I give
    Article 275 of the Criminal Code
    ... shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of twelve to twenty years with a fine in the amount of up to five hundred thousand rubles or in the amount of the wage or other income of the convicted person for a period of up to three years or without it.

    give less less!
    However, we are rich and kind!
    Do you like money - go into business and commerce, if you undertook to serve the Motherland - I am ready to give my life! For treason, only a bullet in the forehead!
    At such a pace, we will soon begin to submit orders for general discussion and implement or not, we will decide by the majority!
    1. Dilshat
      Dilshat 15 August 2013 21: 21
      +2
      such garbage with a discussion of orders to fulfill or not in Russia was already in the 17th year.
  10. kanevsvv
    kanevsvv 15 August 2013 20: 10
    +3
    we have up to twenty, in the states for life in any way slap. Why are we so kind? am
  11. vitas
    vitas 15 August 2013 20: 17
    +1
    In the United States, funny laws give 90 or 100 years with something, it’s not right to say that for life, complete nonsense.
    1. Su-9
      Su-9 15 August 2013 20: 37
      +2
      By the way, the law is not so bad for them - the punishments for all crimes are summed up. With us - they give for the gravest, but for one.
      1. vitas
        vitas 15 August 2013 21: 36
        0
        Maybe, but giving 150 years is silly.
        1. svp67
          svp67 15 August 2013 21: 39
          +1
          Quote: vitas
          Maybe, but giving 150 years is silly.

          But people should still have hope ... lol
        2. alexander 2
          alexander 2 15 August 2013 23: 15
          +1
          And there are amnesties that shorten the term. Here and give the traitors a long term so that in this case he would not be released.
  12. Airman
    Airman 15 August 2013 20: 33
    +2
    Judah has been at all times, and will be. And you won’t get anywhere from this. It’s bad when for 30 pieces of silver. But there are also those who worked against the Germans in the fight against fascism.
  13. Bosk
    Bosk 15 August 2013 20: 42
    +2
    Betrayal ... is a sneaky stab in the back. Apostates can still be understood, because as a person grows and his worldview changes, the same enemy (if he is a strong and strong-willed person) can be hated and respected at the same time, but a sneaky stab in the back was always on the verge of "outlaw" .. because there is no article for meanness in any code!
  14. Jarserge
    Jarserge 15 August 2013 21: 33
    +6
    There is one punishment for treason - the death penalty. If the state can not afford such a penny
  15. sigizmund472
    sigizmund472 15 August 2013 21: 57
    +4
    Quote: kanevsvv
    we have up to twenty, in the states for life in any way slap. Why are we so kind?

    Probably those who drew up such a law first thought of themselves and tried on this law first on themselves. Well, just in case ... You never know what. What if the demon beguiled?
  16. Boot under the carpet
    Boot under the carpet 15 August 2013 22: 10
    +3
    I also don't understand our laws. In the country, there is a "lack of brains" and technologies, and the latter is squandered and, roughly speaking, gets kicked in the ass, not in the head!
  17. alexander 2
    alexander 2 15 August 2013 23: 03
    +3
    The punishment for treason can only be one death. The traitor, albeit indirectly, is to blame for the death of many people. Because it doesn’t require much money to eliminate the consequences of betrayal. This means that somewhere the road will not be built and an accident will happen with human casualties, they won’t add pension and a pensioner will not be able to buy medicine that could save her life, etc. It is also necessary to punish large embezzlers. And I would advise Putin to plant several of his friends.
  18. voliador
    voliador 16 August 2013 00: 33
    +3
    Put nits, and not in prison, but in mines. Let the country get a cheap coal for a stew. And always with confiscation!
  19. Nitarius
    Nitarius 16 August 2013 07: 49
    0
    It's hard to call Snowden a traitor! He did not give to a particular state! He is in the media.
    but those who work for others are all the same traitors! PERFORMANCE AND Confiscate will be returned!
  20. Sergey Medvedev
    Sergey Medvedev 16 August 2013 09: 06
    +2
    You can put foreign spies for long periods. So that there was someone to trade for our scorched intelligence. And there is only one measure for our homegrown traitors - shooting with confiscation.
  21. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 16 August 2013 09: 33
    +2
    Quote: Su-9
    By the way, the law is not so bad for them - the punishments for all crimes are summed up. With us - they give for the gravest, but for one.

    And then they will release them on parole!
  22. Lakkuchu
    Lakkuchu 16 August 2013 15: 51
    0
    How many however were traitors in the GRU what
  23. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 16 August 2013 20: 55
    +1
    It is not for nothing that they say that their agent is a "scout", and a stranger is a "spy" ... And they also say that if he sold his own, he would sell others too ...
    So they are traitors. And the "tower" is the very thing for them ...

    But Snowden apparently never saw this poster ...