Military Review

Photo report from the underground submarine repair complex


In this review, I will talk about one of the grandest buildings of the Cold War, built in the middle of the 20-th century - an underground submarine repair complex, located in Balaclava. It consists of the base where the submarines were serviced (825 GTS Object), as well as the “C” Arsenal of the Central Plant Office. More than 40 years, in the event of hostilities, the complex was ready for a completely autonomous existence for a month and could accommodate the entire population of Balaclava. However, the establishment of Ukraine as a separate state, and then the adoption of a “nuclear-free status” in the country, put an end to the fate of the complex. It just became unnecessary. In the period from 1993 to 2003, the former base was actually looted by marauders, all structures containing non-ferrous metals were dismantled. In 2000, the object was transferred to the Naval Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. It was too expensive for Ukraine’s Armed Forces to restore and maintain such facilities, and there was no need for that. In 2004, a part of the complex was reequipped into a museum. It should be noted that the restoration work was not carried out.

A small area around the artificial canal, which passes through the mountain, several workshops of the plant and an arsenal, where torpedoes and nuclear warheads were stored, was opened to the inspection. Outside of the exposition remains a large part of the channel, a mine-torpedo part, a generator with a fuel storage, as well as a system of unfinished tunnels.

Немного stories.

After the Second World War, the USSR and the USA began to build up their nuclear potential. Then Stalin gave Beria, who was in charge of the "nuclear project", a secret directive: to find a place where atomic submarines could be based to launch a retaliatory nuclear strike. After a long search, the choice fell on the quiet Balaclava. Nature itself made the city bay an ideal shelter for the military fleet. A narrow winding strait with a width of only 200-400 m covers the harbor not only from storms, but also from prying eyes - from the open sea it is not visible at any angle. The large depth (up to 17 m) allows submarines to enter the bay in an underwater position right up to the shelter.

Back in ancient times, Balaclava was used as an ideal harbor by the Taurians, the Romans, and in the Middle Ages - by the Genoese, Ottomans and Zaporozhye Cossacks. In our time, Balaclava is one of the most popular resort bays of the Crimea. The yachts of the presidents of Russia and Ukraine often visit here, and on the quay you can always find the ships of foreign guests.

Mount Tavros, in the depths of which a secret facility is located, consists of strong marble-like limestone, while the rock thickness above the underground premises reaches 126 m, thanks to which the construction is assigned the first category of anti-nuclear stability (protection against direct hit by the 100 Kt atomic bomb).

Underground complex with a total area of ​​about 15 000 square. meters designed by Leningrad Design Institute "Granit". In 1947, the project was endorsed by Stalin. In 1953, construction of the main part of the complex, the 825 GTS “Hydrotechnical Structure” facility, began. To carry out the work, a special mining and construction unit of the Black Sea Fleet was formed. From February 1956, by personal order of Khrushchev, he was joined by metro builders from Moscow, Kharkov and Abakan, who have experience in mining and sinking in the Caucasus.

Construction was carried out around the clock, five faces, drilling and blasting method. From the ground surface drilled holes - narrow technical developments. They were laid explosive charge, destroying the rock at the desired depth. The soil was removed, and a concrete formwork was built inside the resulting adit. A significant disadvantage of the drilling and blasting method is the poorly predictable form of the tunnel and, as a consequence, the need to erect a formwork of variable thickness. The thickness of the lining of the walls and arches of the building is on average 1,5 meters, and in some areas it reaches 3 meters. After the removal of the soil, the workers built a metal frame. Then it was supplemented with wooden elements and, finally, they were slaughtered with concrete of the brand "M 400". Up to the year 1956, concrete was supplied manually, with shovels. Then they began to pump it into the form with compressed air.

The construction of the object №825 GTS (aka special workshop of the shipyard with a dry dock) was completed in 1961 year. Nine small-class submarines or seven middle-class submarines, as well as the personnel and population of Balaklava, could have escaped a nuclear attack there.

In the event of an atomic conflict, the plant could take all the working personnel, management and crews, providing them with food, shelter, drinking water for more than 30 days. For employees of the underground plant were provided dining, showers, rest rooms.

We walk around a bit and walk wherever we are not allowed to the opposite portal.

Behind the wall to the left are several huge storage rooms. Attempt to be from the opposite side was not crowned with success.

In 1962, the mine-torpedo part was put into operation. In these rooms took place the assembly and verification of torpedoes.

The surviving scheme of the "cable torpedo network".

In 1963, construction work was completed on object No. 820 Arsenal, an underground technical repair base for the storage, assembly and installation of nuclear warheads on submarines.

The depth of the complex, at the end of its construction, relative to the highest point of the mountain, was 126 meters. The degree of strength allowed to withstand a direct hit of a nuclear charge with a power up to 100 kilotons, that is, 5 – 7 is more powerful than a bomb dropped on Hiroshima.

Skipper (pantry for the storage of cables, tarpaulins, chains and other deck property).

Object schema Does not pretend to thorough accuracy. The yellow part shows the excursion part.

Photo report from the underground submarine repair complex

But that is not all! At a small distance from the northern portal, there is the “Heart of the Object” - an underground autonomous power station, as well as unfinished adits of unknown purpose.

1. Object 825 GTS.

2. Object 820 RTB.

3. Mine-torpedo part.

4. Underground power station.

5. Unfinished adits.

It was here that both facilities were powered. However, the power plant can be called autonomous. The connection between the power station and the base is carried out through a small technological collector.

Large diesel generators used to be located in these halls.

On the wall are remnants of the smoke exhaust system.

The most exciting place of this object is a huge fuel tank.

Immediately, there are no questions about how such a complex could exist for months on autonomous support. There is a trace on the walls from the level of the last filling of the tank.

One of the portals in the power station. To the left in the thickets there is an adit leading directly into the mine and torpedo section.

For some reason, sensors have been installed here.

Further north is a small system of directions. Perhaps it was supposed to expand the power plant. Judging by the dimensions in this adit, the walker should have been located.

Mostly found brickwork. There are separate rooms.

And there is just unbearable stench and a lot of garbage.

That's all. Thanks for attention! In the next review I will talk about a number of interesting places located in the vicinity of Balaklava.

And now a question for connoisseurs. What is the purpose of the galleries on the opposite shore under the Castle Hill and how were they used before? From one of the portals in front of our eyes came a military officer. We were prevented from coming directly to the exits by private security of the houses built on the coast.

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  1. il grand casino
    il grand casino 9 July 2013 07: 51
    Yeah. There was a country - they knew how to build
    1. Argon
      Argon 9 July 2013 09: 24
      Yes! And the scale is amazing and the nature is beautiful (the place itself is unique — well, it’s not enough greens in my opinion), but I liked the story most of all, you can even say that it’s not a photo story, but a full-fledged article laughing Everything turned out thoroughly, briefly, interestingly, plus article,
    2. Geisenberg
      Geisenberg 9 July 2013 10: 16
      Quote: il grand casino
      Yeah. There was a country - they knew how to build

      They left the object to the heirs, so they did not come up with anything but to make a trash out of it.
      1. kris
        kris 9 July 2013 11: 16
        For those interested here are more photos.
      2. itkul
        itkul 9 July 2013 15: 06
        Quote: Geisenberg
        They left the object to the heirs, so they did not come up with anything but to make a trash out of it.

        You might think differently in Russia, here in my Murmansk region even missiles were thrown

  2. Vanek
    Vanek 9 July 2013 08: 04
    I don’t know ... can we somehow redeem THIS, or what? Although "THIS" as they say - there is no price. But all the same, redeem, restore and use for its intended purpose.
  3. Canep
    Canep 9 July 2013 08: 06
    Thanks diggers, it turned out interestingly.
  4. Edge_kmv
    Edge_kmv 9 July 2013 08: 20
    Been there, very interesting. But except for the museum it’s unlikely to be able to use.
    1. Misantrop
      Misantrop 9 July 2013 21: 48
      Quote: Edge_KMV
      except as a museum is unlikely to be able to use.
      The whole trouble of this complex is that it could accommodate as much as possible a submarine with a maximum size of 613 projects, i.e. the same 641 will not go there anymore ... But on the Northern Fleet and Pacific Fleet there was something similar, but with a project size of 667. In what condition they are now, I don’t know ...
      1. Skuto
        Skuto 9 July 2013 22: 02
        So they, so to speak, "died before they were born" (the entrance for the submarines is sealed with concrete), although this is infa about the Pacific Fleet.
  5. bazilio
    bazilio 9 July 2013 08: 25
    The scale is impressive. Really able to build
  6. Son
    Son 9 July 2013 08: 59
    Pros ... whether ...
  7. Sirozha
    Sirozha 9 July 2013 09: 04
    The stench and mountains of garbage - this is one of the last photos of me ... That's why our people are such pigs? Landfills and trash cans are arranged around. In any corner wherever you look, mountains accumulate everywhere ...
    In general, an interesting place!
  8. Alexandr2510
    Alexandr2510 9 July 2013 09: 50
    Yeah! Monumental construction! Thanks for the photo report with comments!
  9. Fastblast
    Fastblast 9 July 2013 10: 18
    Thanks for the article and the beautiful photos! =)
  10. waisson
    waisson 9 July 2013 10: 42
    yes it's silla good hi
  11. roma-belij
    roma-belij 9 July 2013 11: 01
    Do not poison the soul ...
  12. Fetel
    Fetel 9 July 2013 11: 04
    Thank you, very interesting review!
  13. 1c-inform-city
    1c-inform-city 9 July 2013 11: 12
    In fact, the facility was partially decommissioned during the USSR.
    The fact is that modern boats simply cannot even fit in Varshavyanka.
  14. RoTTor
    RoTTor 9 July 2013 11: 30
    Everything that was created for the security of the people by the hard heroic work of our fathers is proverbly and mediocre.
    The generation of fathers will curse the descendants for not protecting and not saving their homeland.
  15. larsky1
    larsky1 9 July 2013 11: 36
    Was there last summer. There is something to see. I hooked up a sign at the entrance to another tunnel, addressed to the employees of that time - "DO NOT ALWAYS SAY WHAT YOU KNOW, BUT ALWAYS KNOW WHAT YOU SAY"
  16. pensioner
    pensioner 9 July 2013 11: 47
    Yeah ... This is a polymer, so a polymer ... Well, at least we are not talking about it ... But it’s a shame anyway.
  17. pensioner
    pensioner 9 July 2013 11: 55
    I remembered ... It’s been quite a while already showing a program about this object. And showed a tour of this facility. The tour was for schoolchildren. The guide told them (eating, but on mov) that if there were no Zaporizhzhya Cossacks, then this would not have happened either. Because it was the Cossacks who invented the first submarine by turning the ordinary, oar, and, being located under it, disguised themselves moved along the water. Not a word lied. Cross on all the belly!
  18. Drosselmeyer
    Drosselmeyer 9 July 2013 12: 50
    This object was slowly "bombed" back in Soviet times in the late 80s, when it was no longer used for its intended purpose. Then in the 90s, before the transfer to Ukraine, plundering took on a rampant scale. And after the transfer, all the iron was cut out by the employees of the Ukrainian Navy. There, on the metal, many got rich.
    And they robbed their own, native sailors of the Black Sea Fleet and the Navy, under the centralized leadership of the command.
  19. Garrin
    Garrin 9 July 2013 13: 13
    Thank you so much for your virtual tour!
    I want to say that always, looking at photographs of such objects as this one, the Duga radar station in Pripyat, etc., I have two feelings.
    - On the one hand, it is a feeling of pride, power and greatness.
    - On the other - pain, resentment and anger.
    1. _denn
      _denn 10 July 2013 14: 35
      I want to say that always, looking at photographs of such objects as this one, the Duga radar station in Pripyat, etc., I have two feelings.
      - On the one hand, it is a feeling of pride, power and greatness.
      - On the other - pain, resentment and anger.

      As far as I remember, the Chernobyl - 2 facility is located in the exclusion zone. Here the explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant is already to blame, at least not because of the collapse of the union was abandoned ...
  20. omsbon
    omsbon 9 July 2013 13: 44
    How much money and human labor, stupid, mediocre, criminally thrown to the wind!
  21. Serafim1983
    Serafim1983 9 July 2013 15: 37
    M.S. Thank Gorbachev, why not hang him for treason?
  22. mithridate
    mithridate 9 July 2013 17: 01
    was it all in vain?
    1. Letterksi
      Letterksi 9 July 2013 22: 51
      No. Everything was not in vain. They wanted to kill us, but we survived, thanks to all this.
  23. rudolff
    rudolff 9 July 2013 17: 57
    BabuKlava frankly sorry and insulted for her fate. She was written off early. I do not know the exact maximum permissible dimensions of the accommodated boats, but I can assume that the Lada one and a half hull could pass through this channel. If the wheelhouse depth shafts on the wall will not shuffle. Considering how many boats will be delivered to the Black Sea Fleet in the foreseeable future (the truth is about Varshavyanki), the entire Black Sea submarine fleet could be shelled at the Balaklava base. And since the satellites have not yet learned to see through the rocks, no one would know for sure how many ships are in the sea, and how many are at the base. Another option is the use at the Black Sea Fleet of Malachite small or ultra-small squares with a displacement of up to 1000 tons. They would definitely fit into this underground city without any problems.
  24. APASUS
    APASUS 9 July 2013 21: 01
    What has become the "property of the republic"? For the sake of all kinds of screamers, they squandered a military base - which has no value even now!
  25. SPACE
    SPACE 9 July 2013 21: 09
    Quote: Edge_KMV
    Been there, very interesting. But except for the museum it’s unlikely to be able to use.

    It also happened to be impressive, especially the anti-nuclear gates, the entrances to the canal in the water were closed by submersible pontoons, the photo was also taken, not loaded.
    Quote: 1c-inform-city
    In fact, the object was partially decommissioned back in the Soviet Union. The fact is that modern boats simply cannot even fit into it.

    C-613 there were based with torpedo weapons, including nuclear torpedoes. The width of the 6 channel is more than a meter, they said S-ki almost went butt, Varshavyanka 10 was almost meters. There is the problem of entering the bay, if it is impossible to damage the dungeon, which is doubtful with today's development of powerful nuclear weapons, then you can easily fill up the entrance to the bay and lock all the boats. It is impossible to keep boats in the bays of even the most protected; a little hint should be brought out and once concentrated in the sea.
    Quote: larsky1
    I hooked a sign at the entrance to another tunnel, addressed to employees of that time - "DO NOT ALWAYS SAY WHAT YOU KNOW, BUT ALWAYS KNOW WHAT YOU SAY"

    There is one.
  26. vkrav
    vkrav 9 July 2013 21: 22
    When someone frantically tries to find a reason to be proud of "independent and non-profit" - I remember this plant - how machines were taken out for scrap metal, how cables were pulled out of the walls, the plundered ZKP of the fleet in Alsu, "Sotka", sold to NZ metal at the Malyshev plant , and thousands of other objects destroyed by "Ukrainians". And the reasons for the pride of these zhovto-blakitnyh against this background look, let's say, unconvincing. In general, Sevastopol and the surrounding area is a continuous material evidence of the crimes of the Ukrainian people.
    1. Donetskiy
      Donetskiy 10 July 2013 01: 51
      He pulled him into a puddle, because in scattering it can be met quite often. Yeltsin whose president? Who proclaimed sovereignty in the front ranks of June 12, 1990? We don’t need to blame other people's sins.
      ps. And the hundred is alive, at least the second division.
      1. vkrav
        vkrav 10 July 2013 19: 01
        There was a command not to zvizdet! Farting into a puddle is a Ukrainian national habit! Before getting excited, I would have typed "Sotka object" in Google. There in pictures, even a Ukrainian will understand. One of the first links, if Svidomist does not allow Google:
        But this is a long time ago ... Now there is generally private property. And about the "second division" - this is an under-plundered territory over Goncharny, I suppose? There are even missiles there, Basalts, expired in the early 90s. They are guarding the territory, waiting for a better buyer.
  27. velikoros-xnumx
    velikoros-xnumx 9 July 2013 22: 42
    A colossal structure, like the country that created it, like many other things created by a great country. Unfortunately, all this is in the past, but now, and now, you need to stop whining, dissolve snot, feel sorry for yourself, remembering the past. It is necessary to build a new great empire, first of all respecting itself and its people, an empire with a national idea and purpose. The phoenix bird, with which Russia is so often associated, according to legend, rises from the ashes. I believe that sooner or later this will happen, and we will have not only a great past, but also a great future, I am a stubborn optimist. Ask "Why?", I will answer - "It's easier to live this way."
    I can not help but give one thought that is close to me in the spirit of the Russian philosopher Ivan Alexandrovich Ilyin:
    "... Russia is not human dust and not chaos. It is, first of all, a great people who did not squander their forces and did not despair in their vocation. This people is starving for free order, for peaceful labor, for property and for national culture. bury him prematurely!

    The historic hour will come, he will rise from an imaginary coffin and claim back his rights! "
  28. shamil
    shamil 9 July 2013 23: 12
    sorry! there are many such buildings with the collapse of the USSR, unique and not very left, why only Ukraine needed it
    "to bite off the hunt, but the mouth is small. HUMAN LABOR IS Pity! THE WORK OF THE WHOLE PEOPLE OF THE USSR is down the drain. Trampled us
    based on the results of the cold war. But Russia is a strong state that has been and will be