Military Review

Train to Tajikistan to run along Turkmen rails

22
5 June 2013 of the year in Lebap welayat (region in eastern Turkmenistan), a groundbreaking ceremony was held for the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan railway, writes Turkmenistan.ru. After arriving at Turkmenabat airport, the heads of three states - President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Hamid Karzai and President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rakhmon - held a meeting at which they noted the importance of the highway for the prosperity of the region.




Then, at the Atamurat station, the heads of three states signed a message addressed to descendants, and placed it in a capsule. Having laid the first shovels of concrete, they started the construction of a new railway. In their presence, Turkmenistan.ru reports, the first rails of the Atamurat-Imamnazar-Akina-Andkhoi section of the 123 km length were laid.

Avesta.tj with reference to Turkmenistan.ru, later reported that the President of Turkmenistan signed a decree according to which the Turkmen section of the transnational railway Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan will be built by the Ministry of Railway Transport of Turkmenistan. The document prescribes the start of construction work in June 2013 and handing over objects with full readiness for operation in June 2015.

On the construction of the railway Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan spoke 5 June, President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon. His words leads "Khovar".

The President noted the strategic importance of the road, which is expressed both in the mutual rapprochement of countries and peoples, and "in addressing a number of regional issues of an economic, infrastructural, social and humanitarian nature." According to him, the network of roads and railways "is nothing but a real revival of the Great Silk Road."

Rakhmon noted that new enterprises will appear along the railway line, which “will contribute to the development and arrangement of new territories and the improvement of the lives of local residents.” The president said that "Tajikistan, like Turkmenistan and Afghanistan, is a strong supporter of full and effective regional cooperation."

Pavel Gromsky (Rosbalt), writes that Turkmenistan will receive revenues from the maintenance of the new highway, and from the transit of Tajik cargo along the 1000-kilometer section of its railway, which runs along the eastern shore of the Caspian Sea to the border with Kazakhstan. Afghanistan highway will help develop its own railway network. Tajikistan will get a railway exit to Turkmenistan, and through it - either to the north to Kazakhstan and Russia, or to the south to Iran (bypassing Uzbekistan).

But here, Tashkent, the analyst notes, "will lose both the income from transit to Tajikistan and a significant part of the influence on this country."

Last summer, Uzbekistan left the CSTO, and in May of this year, President Islam Karimov solemnly announced the opening of the NATO office in Tashkent.

“And here the main cotton grower of Central Asia, who perceives any strengthening of the positions of neighbors as a personal challenge, can easily recall his long-standing friendship with Afghan General Dostum. The latter is, in fact, the governor-general of the northern territories of Afghanistan, where that very railway from Turkmenistan to Tajikistan will pass. These territories, by the way, are mostly inhabited by ethnic Uzbeks, some of whom are very radical and have a rich sabotage experience. ”


The script is clearly alarmist. As for the western approval of the project, in particular, the American, it was received. 27 June Turkmenistan.ru reported that Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov received US Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asia Robert Blake. The American diplomat conveyed to the head of the Turkmen state a message from John Kerry with wishes of happiness, health and success in government activities.

Special thanks to Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov was expressed for supporting Afghanistan, including for the initiatives to build the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India gas pipeline (TAPI), for laying the transnational North-South transport corridor and the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan railway.

Analyst Sergey Medrea ("CACIanalyst"; translation - Inozpress.kg) highlights several advantages of the mentioned railway project, pointing out, among other things, how Uzbeks can merge it in a good-neighborly manner.

With the implementation of the project will increase investment and trade between countries in the region. Wide markets will open for local products, which will increase the volume of exports and imports: after all, the railway will connect the countries of Central Asia through Afghanistan with the markets of Pakistan and India. Of course, the project will create jobs. In the long term, the value of Afghanistan as a transit country will grow. As a result, new economic integration will contribute to regional security.

Meanwhile, the author notes, there are also doubts about the project implementation. Anxiety is caused, for example, by the Afghan political situation. There is a risk of renewed war, drug trafficking and the spread of extremist religious movements.

As for Tajikistan, it will benefit in the form of overcoming the current transport impasse and dependence on the Uzbek railways in transit goods. Uzbekistan, the analyst notes, is blocking railway transit, which has been common since Soviet times. Relations between the two countries remain tense. But now the railway will bypass the Surkhan-Darya region of Uzbekistan and connect Tajikistan with Turkmenistan directly. This will allow Tajikistan to import oil products and other goods without obstacles.

Further, S. Medrea notes that Uzbekistan in 2011 built the Afghan segment of the railway line connecting Hairaton with Mazar-i-Sharif and going further to Akina. Uzbekistan is also considering the possibility of expanding the construction of the existing line to the new route Turkmenistan - Afghanistan - Tajikistan. This once again confirms the relationship between the countries of Central Asia, the analyst writes, despite their complex bilateral relations.

The total cost of the planned 400-kilometer railway project is approximately 1,5-2 billion. The driving force of the project is gas-rich Turkmenistan, while Tajikistan and Afghanistan will have to look for additional funding. The obvious sources of financing are the Asian Development Bank, the Islamic Development Bank and Japan. Countries may also request funding for a project from China, which will benefit from the emergence of a new rail access for mining natural resources in Afghanistan and from a shorter route to the markets of Central Asia, the analyst notes.

Thus, the new main project will serve not only the economic development of the countries of Central Asia, but will also be the basis for strengthening good-neighborly relations.

Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
22 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Ruslan67
    Ruslan67 28 June 2013 07: 19
    +1
    Are donkeys and camels luggage or children? what wassat
    1. experienced
      experienced 28 June 2013 09: 14
      +1
      The American diplomat conveyed a message from John Kerry to the head of the Turkmen state wishing him happiness, health and success in government activities.

      Wide markets will open for local products, which will increase export and import volumes:

      This will allow Tajikistan to import petroleum products. and other goods without obstacles.

      Well, as if nothing else could be written. winked
      1. dustycat
        dustycat 28 June 2013 19: 02
        +1
        Where is China? India and Iran are generally briefly mentioned.
        He is 60% involved in this project with his yuan.
        Without it, not a single bulldozer would start.
        There would be no nails in concrete shovels.
        This is part of the trans-Asian route China-Middle East-Africa.
        What is the use of the permission of the US State Department? Behind him a dime.
        Here the second (future first) world economy is interested.
        Another 30% of India gives and another 10% of Iran.
        And from transit countries only hands and land.
    2. Ulysses
      Ulysses 28 June 2013 10: 44
      -3
      Tajik railway workers are happy with everything in the locomotives supplied to them by Russia.
      They only complain that donkeys with camels are very tired of carrying them.
      Very heavy. wassat
  2. Strashila
    Strashila 28 June 2013 07: 36
    10
    Yes ... it’s hard to drag drugs on donkeys, they can’t cope ... we’ll start them with cars.
  3. krasin
    krasin 28 June 2013 07: 36
    +3
    This will allow Tajikistan to import oil products and other goods without obstacles.

    The concept of "other goods" is extensible, these are just those unwanted goods that will also end up in Russia.belay
    1. Captain Vrungel
      Captain Vrungel 28 June 2013 07: 57
      +2
      The rich people of Turkmenistan. Around are boundless deposits of sand, and they are old-fashioned, they lay rails on expensive, imported wooden sleepers.
      1. tomas.09
        tomas.09 28 June 2013 11: 58
        0
        Sleepers for the future. They will build a road, and then local sleepers will heat their huts !!!
  4. Stas
    Stas 28 June 2013 07: 51
    +5
    Presumably, the flow of drugs from Avgan will go with renewed vigor, already on rails.
  5. darksoul
    darksoul 28 June 2013 08: 40
    +1
    There is no good news, I would generally cut off the branch with these friends, or such tight control and inspection would lead the train to be dismantled on the cogs on the border
    1. omsbon
      omsbon 28 June 2013 11: 11
      0
      Quote: darksoul
      such tight control and screening led the train to dismantle the cogs on the border

      Not only the train, but also every passenger! I do not mean disassembling the Tajiks, we are talking about a total check, including the stomach, of everyone traveling on the train!
  6. cartridge
    cartridge 28 June 2013 08: 47
    0
    Drug trains from Tajikistan will run along Turkmen rails
    1. Light source
      Light source 28 June 2013 14: 11
      +3
      Quote: cartridge
      Drug trains from Tajikistan will run along Turkmen rails

      From Afghanistan.
  7. Gur
    Gur 28 June 2013 09: 35
    +3
    May such cooperation flourish with wild poppies. I think the presence of our border guards is now becoming absurd.
  8. Professor
    Professor 28 June 2013 09: 55
    +8
    SW The author, it would not hurt to indicate a map of the future route in the article. hi
    1. NEMO
      NEMO 2 July 2013 14: 33
      +1
      Quote: Professor
      a map of the future route would not hurt to indicate in the article.
  9. Daler
    Daler 28 June 2013 10: 23
    +6
    It is not clear why drugs from Tajikistan will go to Russia. When is the route Turkmenistan-AFGHANISTAN-Tajikistan. Nakuya to send from Afghanistan to Tajikistan, and then along the same road, back Tajikistan-Afghanistan, well, etc., etc. Your hatred towards us is incomprehensible.
    Drugs wouldn’t pass if the specials honestly worked. your services, and border guards. In Tajikistan, no one produces heroin and such evil spirits; these are all laboratories in Afghanistan. So, if this road will be, then Tajikistan will automatically fly out of the list of shipping countries.
    1. Dmitry 2246
      Dmitry 2246 28 June 2013 11: 30
      +2
      I agree with you and the road itself is the first industrial project. Uzbeks flatter their neighbors, but they will never miss the benefit.
  10. Semurg
    Semurg 28 June 2013 10: 37
    +3
    Tajikistan and Turkmenistan want to bypass Uzbekistan the railway line because Uzbekistan twisted its arms using the only railway passing through Uzbekistan. And even if you lay the railway a little further to China, you will get China-Tajikistan-Turkmenistan-Iran transit, what is important for China, besides the sea, there will be land access to Iran. At the expense of drug traffic, it exists and they don’t fight very much because they have a strong roof, and the little thing that shows that they caught it for reporting, for me the more expensive the better people work and the less risk transit goods.
    1. Denis
      Denis 28 June 2013 22: 49
      +1
      Quote: Semurg
      if you lay a railway a little further to China
      Fantasy ... in the Pamirs?
      In the USSR, there were not enough specialists or finances? Roads, moreover extremely difficult, expensive to lay and rare, do not function all year round, in winter passes are closed
      1. KG_patriot_last
        KG_patriot_last 30 June 2013 19: 54
        0
        They wanted to connect the Kyrgyz Republic to the project and it would look like:
        Kyrgyzstan-China-Tajikistan-Turkmenistanston-
        Iran

        But the vehicle prevents us from saying solid yes or no. Railway to China would allow Central Asia to sharply increase its economic level, and ultimately this would lead to employment and possibly strengthen central authority and the rejection of Arabism.

        The Kyrgyz Republic also needs a railroad linking South-North. Then the Uzbeks will not remain aloof and will be satisfied with this project!

        And the Uyghurstan-Kyrgyzstan-Uzbekistan, Tajikistan highway is now the only artery for Tajiks ... It works almost all year round ...
  11. misham
    misham 28 June 2013 12: 52
    +4
    More routes (roads and pipelines) are good and different. The main thing is to involve Afghanistan in the global economy. The war is over 30 years old. In addition to drugs, Afghanistan does not export anything. The transit of goods and energy could be the backbone of the Afghan economy. Over time, relying on transport infrastructure, Russians and Chinese will be able to engage in the development and processing of minerals in Afghanistan itself. All wars ever end a peaceful life
  12. nnz226
    nnz226 28 June 2013 13: 18
    0
    Yeah! There is a train going from Dushanbe to Moscow, through Afghanistan. Lucky arbitera. Sluggers slow it down in Afghanistan (in the style of our civil war), but do not rob, but, on the contrary, stuff heroin, forcing passengers to swallow bags and hiding conductors in hiding places. Then, on the border of the Customs Union, the work will be for border guards and customs officers !!!
  13. Adilhan_kz
    Adilhan_kz 28 June 2013 13: 54
    +2
    This year, the Turkmens took to the dense railways. Which, in principle, is the basis for strengthening good neighborly relations.
  14. knn54
    knn54 28 June 2013 17: 04
    -1
    Hillary Clinton's “New Silk Road” —to life?