Military Review

Extremist ideology - the spiritual basis of terrorism

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Extremist ideology - the spiritual basis of terrorismIn countering modern terrorism, an important role is played by discrediting the attempts of nationalist and extremist organizations to spread and propagandize an extremist ideology as the spiritual basis of terrorism, one of the most dangerous and bloody phenomena of modernity, taking on more and more varied forms in the 21st century and posing a threat of global scope.


One of the aspects of countering terrorism is related to issues related to the pernicious influence of a terrorist ideology of extremist and nationalistic orientation, which represents a real threat to the Russian state, the integrity of the country and the development of normal social relations. The main danger lies in the fact that modern extremism in various spheres of society forms and spreads the ideology of bloody terrorism.

For a number of years, a number of scientific studies have been conducted abroad and in the Russian Federation, which show that the ideology of an extremist type, its dissemination by nationalist and extremist organizations in various segments of the population, in the causal complex of terrorism plays an increasingly prominent attractive role, since it contains and resolute "condemnation" and "exposure" of real or imaginary causes and perpetrators of social upheaval, and at the same time offer tough, but, at the same time, "simple and urchin "ways to restore justice.

An analysis of the findings of sociologists and experts on this subject shows that it is the socio-economic prerequisites of the extremist ideology of terrorism that are being put in the first place. The transition period, aggravated by a severe economic crisis, created conditions of social opposition in Russian society, created a special state of consciousness for individual segments of the population, which is characterized by an inadequate assessment of reality, and widespread moods of uncertainty, unfulfilled expectations, social fear, anger and aggressiveness.

The problems of the economic collapse of 1990, in particular, caused a split of society into groups with different economic situations (poor and rich), deepening of national, religious and other conflicts, the destruction of the system of social guarantees of the population’s life in Soviet times. All this led to the formation of hotbeds of social tension and confrontation, the above-mentioned "condemnation" and "disclosure" that could easily go into a stage of open conflict with society, with active use of forms of violence, including terror.

In this regard, in the fight against terrorism, the work of discrediting extremist ideology as the spiritual basis of terrorism, one of the bloody means of achieving political, economic, ideological and other goals, becomes important.

The man-hating essence of the ideology of terrorism, spread by extremist and nationalist organizations, lies in the original name of this bloody phenomenon, derived from the Latin word "terror", which means in translation - fear, horror. The main goal of any terrorist act is to intimidate people by their mass death, to create an atmosphere of fear, and to guide terror. In this sense, terror is dangerous not because it brings death to people, but to a greater degree it is dangerous because it places fear in the souls of people, turns a person into an animal and allows him to manipulate his actions in any way he wants.

The bloody essence of the terrorism ideology propagated by extremists is the devalued human life and suffering of people, this is the bloody path of customers and perpetrators of the terrorist attack on people's heads to their intended goal, it is always a challenge to society, because by putting pressure on society through extreme measures of constant fear, extremists go to achieve their goals and aspirations.

The ideology of spiritual extremism is most dangerous, since it is formed in the field of individual experience, where sensations and evaluations are extremely subjective and, consequently, the process of putting forward sensible or positive alternatives is complicated. Spiritual extremism creates the ideological prerequisites for terrorist activities of individuals, which is seen as a result of mental abnormality, although the actions of many single terrorists are quite meaningful and they are fully criminalized for their bloody deeds.

The ideology spread by nationalist organizations, in particular the separatist nationalists of the North Caucasus, is also characterized by a bloody essence. Their ideologies are based on the ideas of radical Islam - Wahhabism, as well as religious ethno-nationalism, historically inherent in the North Caucasian population. The special danger of Wahhabism is that it preaches the strict division of all people into faithful Muslims and infidels - "infidels" (who are not supposedly full-fledged people) and obliges all Muslims to wage a holy war - infidels - jihad.

The practical embodiment of the terrorist ideology of radical Islam - Wahhabism of a nationalistic nature is the concept of creating a Sharia state in the North Caucasus called the "Emirate of the Caucasus". The head of the Caucasus Emirate, the “amir (commander-in-chief) of the Caucasus mojaheds” and the “leader of jihad” declared himself Dokka Umarov. The main methods of actions of the bandit groups that are in the underground and are part of the Caucasus Emirate are acts of terrorism, explosions and shelling, as well as other acts of intimidation of the population, representatives of the authorities and clergy.

According to the definition of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the Imarat Kavkaz is a terrorist organization that threatens the territorial integrity of the Russian Federation, since its strategic goal is to separate the North Caucasus from Russia and create an independent Sharia state in this region through the violent destruction of the Russian legislation.

The Caucasus Emirate is a threat to Russia not only in the form of terrorist acts. At present, the Islamist underground, called the Imarat Kavkaz itself, is no longer just a handful of bandits, which, according to some experts in the Caucasus, should not be taken seriously. Today, the Caucasus Emirate has not only the combat potential for carrying out terrorist attacks, but also the potential of a corrupting ideology - Wahhabism for implementing, according to separatist ideologists, “information jihad”.

As a result, a significant part of Russians are subjected to ideological treatment directed against the Russian state and their own fellow citizens. "Brothers and sisters in Islam" are urged "to rally around the" Emirate of the Caucasus "and its Emir," who "after the collapse of Russia (that is, Russia) will become the center of the new state." In this regard, Dokku Umarov noted that one of the goals of the Emirate of the Caucasus jihad is not only separation from Russia, but also unification with Muslims of the Astrakhan region, Tatarstan, Bashkortostan and other regions. And this means that the ideas of Wahhabism will spread not only in the republics of the North Caucasus, but also in the territory of Central Russia, creating for terrorists serious support among the Muslim population of other regions of the Russian Federation. And this is very dangerous, since jihad goes beyond the regional limits of the North Caucasus, and the emergence of the Mujahideen, the preachers of radical Islam, becomes possible at any time and in any place. As it was the case not so long ago in St. Petersburg.

Recently there has been a significant decline in the average age of gang members in the North Caucasus, accelerating the process of attracting young people to their ranks. This happens, according to experts, due to the targeted treatment of young people by nationalist and extremist organizations with pernicious ideas of religious extremism. In essence, Russia is being forced to fight for the minds and souls of new generations, who are entering active life. And if these ideas fully capture the minds of young people, the world is not in the North Caucasus, in particular, will be completely blown up.

Therefore, now the spiritual education of young people, raising their general educational and cultural level deserves special attention. One of the strategic directions of countering extremist ideology, in this regard, is, of course, the implementation of state policy, the main directions of which are outlined in Vladimir Putin’s article “Russia: the national question”.

The result of the work to discredit the attempts of extremist and nationalist organizations in spreading the ideology of terrorism should be a formed world view on the sustainable rejection by society of the ideology of extremism and terrorism.
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  1. Canep
    Canep 18 May 2013 06: 02 New
    +3
    The head of the "Caucasus Emirate", "Amir (commander in chief) of the Mujahideen of the Caucasus" and "leader of jihad" declared himself Dokka Umarov.

    He is still alive. Recently there was such a case:
    In April, in the village of Arshty, Sunzhensky district of Ingushetia, a serious incident occurred between Chechen and Ingush security forces, which was caused by the appearance in the village of policemen from Chechnya with unseemly intentions, according to Ingush colleagues. As explained by Ramzan Kadyrov, the republic’s security officials received operational information about Doku Umarov and his entourage hiding in Arshty [77]. The operation to capture Umarov failed.
    1. sams
      sams 18 May 2013 10: 51 New
      +1
      "Extremist ideology - the spiritual basis of terrorism" The name is correct. Only it is necessary to clearly define what extremism is. I do not believe our authorities. They fight equally with both extremism and their own, the best people in the world.
      And in vain ...
      1. Vasya Ivanov
        Vasya Ivanov 18 May 2013 12: 28 New
        +2
        I thought that I was living on an island and extremism would not affect me, but I was wrong. On Sakhalin, the alleged member of Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami was detained. http://www.sakhalin.info/news/83622/. Special thanks to the staff of the FSB and the Ministry of Internal Affairs who identified and detained the offender.
        1. Interface
          Interface 18 May 2013 15: 41 New
          +1
          Yes, it's just a needle in a stack. Such vile assholes must be dealt with as hard as possible. Any negotiations are used to amend their dirty deeds.
        2. V. Ushakov
          V. Ushakov 19 May 2013 05: 12 New
          0
          Why thank someone? The people themselves had to be caught and drowned in the stormy Tatar Strait or the cold Sea of ​​Okhotsk. There are many stones there on Sakhalin. At the feet and - a gurgle! Let them search, in a couple of nights, the lionfish will eat. And now they will "look for evidence" of terrorist activity, "they will not find it," and they will release it "in peace" ...
  2. VadimSt
    VadimSt 18 May 2013 06: 06 New
    +1
    Therefore, now the spiritual education of young people, raising their general educational and cultural level deserves special attention. One of the strategic directions of countering extremist ideology, in this regard, is, of course, the implementation of state policy, the main directions of which are set forth in Vladimir Putin's article “Russia: the national question”.

    The result of the work to discredit the attempts of extremist and nationalist organizations in spreading the ideology of terrorism should be a formed world view on the sustainable rejection by society of the ideology of extremism and terrorism.


    So then it is, but persuasion and social "gingerbread" alone can not do. It is necessary to tighten the punishment for terrorism and all that goes with it. The death penalty as a measure of punishment and loss of rights until the end of the search. Cruel, but it is in the public interest.
  3. Humpty
    Humpty 18 May 2013 06: 21 New
    +5
    I don’t understand the double morality of the Russian political leadership towards Wahhabis. In Russia there is a Wahhabi underground - murderers, terrorists and their accomplices, often relatives.
    Why is Saudi Arabia, Qatar, where almost the entire resident population - Wahhabis are not declared criminal states that sow terrorism?
    Why does Russia not impose at least unilateral sanctions against them?
    If Wahhabis are enemies, then why do they feel great abroad?
    1. CTEPX
      CTEPX 18 May 2013 06: 39 New
      +4
      Quote: Humpty
      Why Russia does not introduce against

      Quote: Humpty
      If Wahhabis are enemies

      The presence of an “enemy of the state" implies the existence of a state ideology in this state, which is prohibited in the Russian Federation by the Constitution (Article 13, Clause 2))).
      Maybe that's why we have the pleasure of talking
      Quote: Humpty
      I do not understand the double morality of the Russian political leadership
      and experience fair outrage?
      For example: fostering a willingness to defend their homeland (Russia) is a state ideology)). Which we have prohibited by the Constitution)).
      Until we change the BASIS - the Constitution, we cannot be strong)). And so we will, slowly dying, fight off the vultures (Wahhabis))).
      1. Alexander Romanov
        Alexander Romanov 18 May 2013 07: 49 New
        0
        Quote: ctepx
        Until we change the BASIS - the Constitution, we cannot be strong)

        The question is when and who will change it? Putin is not going to do this, then who?
        1. CTEPX
          CTEPX 18 May 2013 08: 25 New
          -1
          Quote: Alexander Romanov
          Putin is not going to do this, then who?

          What Putin is going to do, even the “American friends” cannot understand (for which I like him).
          In my analysis, he’s leading to a change in the Constitution)).
          1. Alexander Romanov
            Alexander Romanov 18 May 2013 08: 36 New
            +1
            Quote: ctepx
            In my analysis, he’s leading to a change in the Constitution)

            What makes you think so?
            1. CTEPX
              CTEPX 18 May 2013 08: 52 New
              -2
              Quote: Alexander Romanov
              What makes you think so?

              Persistent attempts to bring all sorts of situations (from prices for housing and communal services and energy, to military-patriotic education and writing history books) to legislative deadlocks.
              Preparation for the denunciation of international "treaties". Staff rotation. Work in accessible media space.))
              1. Geisenberg
                Geisenberg 18 May 2013 14: 30 New
                0
                Quote: ctepx
                Persistent attempts to bring all sorts of situations (from prices for housing and communal services and energy, to military-patriotic education and writing history books) to legislative deadlocks.


                Where does the data come from that all this directly drives the GDP?

                Quote: ctepx
                Preparation for the denunciation of international "treaties". Staff rotation. Work in accessible media space.))


                The denunciation of which specific treaty made you think of preparations for a constitutional amendment? And what do international treaties do here? Constitution is a purely internal thing.
                1. CTEPX
                  CTEPX 18 May 2013 15: 42 New
                  0
                  By attempt
                  Quote: Geisenberg
                  Where does the data come from that all this directly drives the GDP?

                  For example. Amending the law "On Defense" (Putin is the president), Decree of pr-v No. 973, Decree of pr-v № 134-r (Putin is the prime minister), Rogozin’s return to power, to the defense ...
                  Quote: Geisenberg
                  Denunciation of which specific contract

                  Preparation for denunciation (the law of Dima Yakovlev))). Contracts, as you know, have a termination term).
                  Quote: Geisenberg
                  Constitution thing is purely internal
                  But it contains the primacy of international treaties before the laws of the Russian Federation)).
      2. sams
        sams 18 May 2013 11: 18 New
        +1
        I agree with you.
        But where is the ideology of the state? One can only guess about this.
        What can we talk about at all if the enemy has long been inside us.
        Is it schizophrenia?
    2. Che
      Che 18 May 2013 17: 37 New
      0
      Humpty you're right. Remember how the amers shouted - the USSR is an evil empire. A boycott and so on was announced. And now they are keeping quiet about Saudi and Qatar.
  4. treskoed
    treskoed 18 May 2013 06: 47 New
    +2
    Therefore, now the spiritual education of young people, raising their general educational and cultural level deserves special attention.

    Now turn on the TV!
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 18 May 2013 07: 50 New
      +3
      Quote: treskoed
      Now turn on the TV!

      And what about the TV, the youth hangs on the Internet, but tammmmm ..... belay
      1. treskoed
        treskoed 18 May 2013 09: 23 New
        +1
        Quote: Alexander Romanov
        And what about the TV, the youth hangs on the Internet, but tammmmm .....


        Therefore, it hangs, and not only young people ... But also tamm ...
        On TV, at least landmarks in life and culture showed!
        1. Geisenberg
          Geisenberg 18 May 2013 14: 32 New
          0
          Quote: treskoed
          On TV, at least landmarks in life and culture showed!


          Yeah, American guidelines for stupid, backward Russians. Media just do a difficult thing, especially state ones.
  5. aszzz888
    aszzz888 18 May 2013 07: 10 New
    0
    In counteracting modern terrorism, an important role is played by the discrediting of attempts by nationalist and extremist organizations to spread and propagate extremist ideology as the spiritual basis of terrorism

    Why trying?
    There is a full-fledged information war. The war for the minds, moods, moral and psychological aspects of people. And the fruits of it, the information war, we see on the example of all color revolutions.
    The final example is the war in Syria.
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 18 May 2013 07: 53 New
      +3
      Quote: aszzz888
      The final example is the war in Syria.

      A warrior in Syria is imposed from outside and mercenaries are fighting who fall using the openness of the border from Turkey. We have outposts and the border is more, less guarded. But to hell with the point when Western NGOs work legally in Russia itself. Our problem is the loyalty of the authorities to such an institution and, moreover, many of the white-collar workers work in government posts.
  6. taseka
    taseka 18 May 2013 08: 06 New
    0
    "The result of the work to discredit the attempts of extremist and nationalist organizations in spreading the ideology of terrorism should be a formed worldview on the society’s steady rejection of the ideology of extremism and terrorism." - I hope the FSB institutes ALREADY CREATED DEPARTMENTS FOR TRAINING SPECIALISTS OF ANTITERROR
  7. vladsolo56
    vladsolo56 18 May 2013 08: 28 New
    +1
    The greater the influence of religion, no matter what, the more extremism will be. Why youth? because they don’t want to study, because you can drive anything into an empty head. Soon we will witness that young people will claim that the Sun revolves around the Earth, that there is heaven in heaven, and there is hell underground. That man was blinded from clay. But it’s easy to put morality into such heads that everyone who does not believe everyone needs to be killed. Examples today are evident throughout the Middle East and especially in Syria.
  8. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 18 May 2013 08: 38 New
    +1
    The bottom line is the same .. why work to learn to educate children .. killed in the name of Allah and you are in paradise with virgins .. whole generations have been brought up on this .. and certain circles are constantly warming up .. as the USSR collapsed began eternal jihad under the hooting of Western media and the smirk of politicians ...
  9. pinecone
    pinecone 18 May 2013 08: 41 New
    +1
    Threat No. 1, from which it is impossible to defend yourself with any nuclear submarines, missile defense systems, etc. Sometimes there is a feeling that the government itself is intimidated and is trying to simply pay off terrorists, while continuing the mass importation into the country of carriers of extremist ideology. There is a pathological process of self-destruction.
  10. dc120mm
    dc120mm 18 May 2013 11: 08 New
    +2
    A very dangerous trend is not only for Russia, but also for the region. It is necessary to tackle these problems collectively.
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  13. krez-74
    krez-74 18 May 2013 12: 14 New
    +1
    Everyone who acts against the government by illegal methods, whether they are ideologists, sponsors, recruiters, provocateurs, assisting officials, must hang! At what not especially tightening with it! And if you drag it out with this, it means that the population has the idea that all this is profitable, and this is already a shadow on all power and the state!
    As for the plans for the creation of the Caucasus Emirate, one circumstance always makes me laugh - Did these creators have the wisdom and courage to ask the peoples of the Caucasus themselves? My people and I, live for centuries in the Caucasus, but to be and become part of some kind of emirate, the people never had a desire!
    laughing Doku Umarov appointed himself? Some nokhcha will steer in the Caucasus? Truly: If a person goes ... then it will be for a long time!