Military Review

Was there a conspiracy against Stalin?

88
Was there a conspiracy against Stalin?

How to comprehend algebra history


When I studied at Moscow State University at the history department at the department of the ancient world, I was always amazed at the lack of completeness of the picture in the documents, on the basis of which historians restore the picture of what was happening. And if so, where is the guarantee that the whole story is not the fruit of the imagination of my colleagues?

The reasons for the lack of confirmation of certain historical facts are quite commonplace: in two thousand years, many documents have been destroyed. Some - during civil wars and proscriptions, in fires of fires, others, written on parchment, were used by monks as writing material for their chronicles (the old text was first cleaned, and then new was written on top of it), others were simply destroyed under “plausible” pretexts. ..

For several hundred years, no new facts about what happened in antiquity, say in the Gracchi era, have appeared, but historians based on the same well-known facts set forth the events of antiquity, each in its own way. For example, T. Mommzen believes that the Gracchi, especially the youngest, started reforms for the sake of the czar. E. Meyer considers Gracchus revolutionaries (albeit forced). R.Yu. Whipper is sure that the Gracchus were reformers. M.I. Rostovtsev considers them utopian, striving to restore democracy in Rome. S.L. Utchenko thinks it was a revolutionary uprising against the unwritten Roman constitution, the proclamation of the sovereign rights of the people, etc.

In essence, each of the researchers puts forward and substantiates, on the basis of the same factual data, a version that he personally thinks is the most likely.

But probability has a measure - a number from 0 to 1, where extreme values ​​mean the following: an event having a probability of zero will never occur, having a probability of one will always occur, other events whose probability lies in the interval from 0 to 1 can occur , it does not occur, depending on the probability. It is also known that, all other things being equal, an event that has a greater probability appears more often than an event that has a lower probability. All this is very well studied in the classical courses of probability theory, in which Russian and Soviet mathematicians made a great contribution (AN Kolmogorov, BV Gnedenko, and others).

In my opinion, there is a real opportunity to quantify the probability of the implementation of a particular version put forward by historians, and, thus, reject the improbable and give preference to the most plausible version.

There is a method that I call the “probability of truth” and which is an implementation of the method of solving “incorrectly posed problems”, widely used in mathematics, geophysics, applied physics, etc.

By the way, analyst S. Kurginyan uses it to analyze the current situation in the world.

The essence of this method as applied to the study of historical events is as follows.

1. The historian puts himself in the place of a historical character and models the actions that should result in the realization of the hypothesis that he (the historian) puts forward.

2. It is checked whether actions resulting from the simulation were observed in historical reality, or in other words - “brainstorming”

3. If such actions were not observed, then the version is not true and does not have the right to exist. If observed, then go to paragraph 4.

4. It is necessary to assess the probability that the actions observed in reality did not occur spontaneously by themselves, for example, a meteorite fell and killed the main character. Here the historian must be a good specialist in the period under study in order to evaluate expertly the probability of an accidental spontaneous occurrence of an event.

5. If a chain of events should have happened to implement a version of what happened, then it is necessary to evaluate the probability of each event occurring as random.

6. The probability of the version proposed by the historian (hypothesis) will be the opposite of the probability of a random occurrence of a chain of events, i.e. unit minus the resulting probability.

In this case, the historian must choose, firstly, only equivalent events, and secondly, only those that “work” on the version in question. Objectively, we must strive to reduce the chain of events, because the very presence of a long chain indicates the non-random nature of the incident.

To illustrate the application of the method that I propose, we consider from this angle the events preceding the death of I.V. Stalin.

There are still disputes; Stalin himself died or was helped. A. Wasserman and Yu. Zhukov, technically allowing such an opportunity, believe that Stalin died himself. Y. Mukhin and N. Starikov argue that the leader was poisoned, etc. Versions are numbers. Everything is complicated by the fact that, having become the first secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the “Stakhanovite terror” N.S. Khrushchev wagons destroyed compromising documents. And since there are no documents, it is possible to fence various versions. In a word, we have an “incorrectly posed problem” and try to solve it using the proposed method.

At the outset, let us assess whether I.V. Stalin die himself. Think about it. Stalin 1879 year of birth. The Great Patriotic War began when he was 62 of the year (in the USSR, men retired in 60 years). In essence, the pensioner bore four years of war on his shoulders due to colossal tension.

In 1953, Mr. Stalin was already 73 of the year, he was often sick, there are half a year breaks in the leader’s visiting journal. At the nineteenth congress in 1952, he asked to be dismissed from his post as secretary of the Central Committee, but the congress was against. Could I.V. Stalin in 1953 d. Die himself? Full However, at the XIX Congress of the CPSU, he made very business proposals, and on his initiative at the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East in February 1953 proposed a system of settlements in national currency, which fundamentally undermined the Bretton Woods agreement.

Let's slightly simplify the task and set it this way: was there a conspiracy against Stalin? We will act on the proposed algorithm.

So. Were there forces willing to eliminate Stalin? Of course they were, and this is well known. On the one hand, the Anglo-Saxons, who were hindered by Stalin by not accepting the Marshall plan, introduced the gold ruble as an alternative to the dollar, did not support the Bretton Woods agreement, and even planted a mine under them, proposing a system of national settlements in the UN / ECADW . On the other hand, the former Trotskyists (the same Khrushchev) and other party nomenclature. How were the forces to act to eliminate Stalin?

An armed coup would not have happened: not a single military unit would support the conspirators, on the contrary would have torn to pieces, stuttering someone about the intention to harm the "leader of the peoples."

To kill Stalin as Paul I was killed is an option, but for this you need to have a guard who is totally devoted to the conspirators. Not a single platoon, so that there a platoon, offices in the Office of the Commandant of the Moscow Kremlin, flaming hatred of Stalin, could not be found. It remained the only means - to poison in the atmosphere of a friendly dinner or wait for an attack of something like a stroke, do not provide a heart attack with timely medical assistance. But it's still not easy.

It was necessary, first of all, to eliminate the environment, personally devoted to Stalin. Start with vs Abakumov, Minister of State Security of the USSR. During the Great Patriotic War, Abakumov headed the SMERSh counterintelligence, personally submitted to Stalin, as Supreme Commander, and was devoted to him. We should start with the MGB, because any conspiracy is a few conspirators, which means that the agents would immediately disclose it, especially since Abakumov had work experience. Then the report of the subordinate M.A. Abakumov was organized. Ryumin and, with the filing of G.M. Malenkova, 11 July 1951 was adopted by the Politburo on the unfavorable state of affairs in the MGB. And 12.07.1951, Mr. Abakumov, was already arrested and imprisoned in Lefortovo prison. From August 1951 to February 1952, Mr. Stalin is ill and treated in Sochi, he is not up to Abakumov: in 1951, he is in Moscow for only half a year - from January to July. There is a curious note in the visiting journal of Stalin’s office for 11.07.1951: “All members of the Politburo came to the office at one time and all (except Ignatieff) came out at the same time.” Atypical record. It seems that the members of the Politburo put Stalin in front of a fact: they decided that in the MGB it was unfavorable. And he had to agree with the majority.

Further. It is necessary to eliminate or defame the doctors of Glavlechupra in order to have an impact on them - this is how the “doctors' case” appears, contrived, scattered like LP. Beria began to investigate him carefully.

Next stage. The appointment of a person as the USSR Minister of State Security - this is how Ignatiev appears, who was previously the head of the department of party, trade union and Komsomol organs of the CPSU Central Committee. Professional experience, equivalent to what Abakumov had, was not absent, but he had his own, from the party nomenclature. This is evidenced by the fact that no one touched him either under Khrushchev, Brezhnev, or Andropov. And, moreover, the pensioner was buried in the prestigious nomenklatura Novodevichy cemetery. His last post is the first secretary of the Bashkir regional party committee. Do you know a lot of the first secretaries of provincial regional committees buried at Novodevichy?

Further. It was necessary to remove the chief of personal security N.S. Vlasik and secretary Stalin A.N. Poskrebysheva, which was done, etc. In a word, a chain of events occurred, which had to be organized if a certain force wanted to physically eliminate I.V. Stalin.

So, we found a chain of events that would have to be if a conspiracy existed.

Now let us estimate the probability that these events occurred by chance, spontaneously (in the manner of a drop of an icicle from the roof directly onto the head of a passerby).

Consider in chronological order.

1. Elimination of Minister Abakumov, personally devoted to Stalin (12.07.1951). The accusation is ridiculous - insufficient activity in the "Leningrad case". Was it? Or was it just a power struggle with a weakening Master? The probability that Abakumov was planted by chance (and not on purpose, preparing the ground for the destruction of Stalin), in my opinion, is extremely small and no more

P (Abakumova) = 0,1

2. The removal of the personal security chief of Stalin Vlasik (May 1952), who worked with Stalin for almost 25 years and practically became a member of the family. Only in February, who arrived in that year after treatment in Sochi, Stalin is put before the fact. Taking advantage of the fact that Vlasik loved to walk at the government bill, someone “accidentally” showed Stalin the bill for Vlasik's moves, with a resolution, that this all went to Stalin's moves. Stalin indignantly exclaimed: "Who ate the herring?" This is Stalin ate? .. "

Stalin had no Peers from Belshazzar, very little food was wasted, so Vlasik’s spending was clearly visible. Vlasik was immediately removed from the "protected object".

What is the probability that the account for the notorious herring was shown to Stalin by chance? In my opinion, not more than one-tenth, or even less. Moreover, if until March 1953 of Vlasik was interrogated every day, then since March he had ceased to interest anyone. so

P (Vlasik) = 0,1

3. The personal secretary of Stalin Poskrebyshev at the beginning of 1953 lost a secret document. Almost in 20 years of his work with the leader of this did not happen. How could this happen if all winter 1952-1953. Stalin does not leave Kuntsevo dacha? Losing a document in such conditions is almost impossible if someone does not help. For the blunder at the beginning of 1953, Mr. Poskrebyshev was removed from Stalin (after the death of the leader, as expected, a document was found). The probability that Poskrebyshev accidentally lost a document shortly before Stalin’s death, in my opinion, does not exceed 0,01.

P (Poskrebysheva) = 0,01

4. After Vlasik, a new personal security chief was appointed Kosykin (formerly the chieftain’s bodyguard), who suddenly 17 February 1953 dies. A young, healthy general who served as security chief from May 1952 to February 1953, i.e. less than a year, “accidentally” dies 10 days before Stalin’s death. Nowhere and never has any intelligence considered it an accident. This is an accident and can not be. The probability that Kosynkin died accidentally is no more than 0,1. Probability

R (kosynkina) = 0,1

5. Failure to help Stalin 2 March 1953. Stalin lies on the floor and nobody approaches him. Why aren't they afraid that when I.V. Stalin will come to his senses, all those who have not given help (in accordance with the job description) will not be happy? In my opinion, this is because the surrounding people, in particular Minister Ignatiev, who, after Kosynkin’s death, temporarily headed Stalin’s personal guard for 10 days, knew that the leader would never get up.

This looks especially contrasted in comparison with the episode told by one of the leaders of the guards N.P. Novikom. On Saturdays, Stalin went to a bathhouse built on the territory of a summer house (in which, by the way, the summer house’s guard was steaming, but, of course, not when Stalin visited it). Usually this procedure took an hour or an hour from Stalin. But one day he suddenly did not leave the bath at the appointed time. After 20 minutes, the guard reported to Novik, who was at that time at the dacha. After 35 minutes he called MGB Minister Ignatiev, who immediately informed Malenkov. There was a command to break the door in the bath (it was locked on the inside from the inside). After 46 minutes Novik with the crowbar and the bodyguard already ran to the bath. But the door opened, and a slightly sleepy Stalin came out on the threshold.

The likelihood that Stalin, who was lying on the dacha's floor, was not accidentally approached within two days, not more than 0,01.

But Vlasik “wouldn’t wait a day outside the doors, like the guards of 1 March 1953 of the year when Stalin“ wakes up ”... - said the daughter N.S. Vlasik Nadezhda Vlasik ("Moskovsky Komsomolets" from 07.05.2003 g.). This was the main reason for which they threw dirt and removed Vlasik.

The likelihood that Stalin, who was lying on the dacha's floor, was not accidentally approached within two days, not more than 0,01.

P (cottages) = 0,01

6. So, we have a chain of events: the consistent elimination of Abakumov, Vlasik, Poskrebyshev and Kosynkin, the failure to render aid to 2 in March of 1953.

If the chain of events is not due to each other, and all the events that took place then were random and independent, then and only then it can be said that the entire chain of events is random and has a probability equal to the product of the above events, i.e. the probability of chance and independence of the tragic events preceding March 2, 1953 is equal to

Qобщ = 0,1*0,1*0,01*0,1*0,01=10.

The probability of the opposite event, that the chain of events was dependent, i.e. conspiracy party equipment, nomenclature and external forces was equal to

P = 1-Q = 1-10-7,

those. practically unit.

Thus, by translating from mathematical to universal language, it can be considered proven that, with probability one, a conspiracy against the life of I.V. Stalin was still there.

In the future, when historians "check out" higher mathematics, there will be no set of textbooks, where each historian, based on the same facts, will present his version of what happened. And there will be a single history textbook in which all the versions of what happened, ranked by the probability of what happened, are obtained according to the conclusion of the expert community of historians. That is, it will be written that the version number 1, the proposed name, has the probability of such and such, the version number 2 has the probability of such and such, etc. In this case, the presentation of historical events will become objective, and then and only then history will become an exact science.
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  1. Boris55
    Boris55 April 13 2013 08: 01 New
    +3
    For which they killed Stalin. (from 2:50 ')

  2. sashka
    sashka April 13 2013 08: 29 New
    +4
    Was. And there will always be ... There is a 13th year, with which the USSR was "compared" ... And there are other TIMES. Or reference points? Not in favor of the present .. It turns out. Not very good And if "read" the Constitution, then who? Does he manage us? I solve my own problems myself. I do not need the State Dura by definition .. And you ??
  3. sashka
    sashka April 13 2013 08: 46 New
    23
    Stalin was the right person. He put in prison and shot. For inconsistency with his official duties, duty, etc. And what can the present tribe say ??? Dismiss, cut, make an "ambassador" somewhere .. Great isn't it ??? You are not even confiscated "acquired, back-breaking labor." Glory to the Great And to whom? Present or previous ?? There is no punishment .. It's sad.
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 April 13 2013 09: 16 New
      12
      It looks like you belong to the category of natural scientists ... Until you take it for one place, you won’t believe it.
      On television, not a single day without crime is complete, and all about high-flying officials.
      Why do they show detentions and do not show landings?
      - by the time the verdict is announced, this "news" is greatly outdated
      - "our" media do not belong to us and inform us in the plane they need ...
      1. sashka
        sashka April 13 2013 12: 48 New
        +3
        Usually they say "our channel will closely follow the development of events! Actually, this is where it all ends. What is the verdict? To whom? Yes, there was nothing .. An amazing country. Everyone loves it, only each in its own way. And not all as one.
        1. Boris55
          Boris55 April 13 2013 12: 56 New
          +3
          Quote: Sasha
          ... What is the verdict? To whom? Yes, there was nothing ...

          "... 2 thousand people were convicted in 2012 for crimes in the field of entrepreneurial activity. At the same time, 46 entrepreneurs were fully acquitted, real imprisonment was assigned to 17 percent of those convicted ..."

          The entire text: http://www.rg.ru/2013/02/21/lebedev.html

          Well, sorry. Do not shoot at every step and do not hang on every pillar ... time is not right.
      2. Ezhaak
        Ezhaak April 13 2013 13: 09 New
        +4
        Quote: Boris55
        "our" media do not belong to us and inform us in the plane they need


        Plus only for the cited. Sentences are shown, but really they are no longer in trend. And frankly, they are too affectionate for the defendants. Their lawyers are doing everything possible to ensure that the sentence is under the article with minimal punishment.
    2. Urkodav
      Urkodav April 13 2013 09: 41 New
      10
      +! All "state thieves" have additional protection from the law. As in a computer toy "life". A simple person will be jailed for a trifle, and an official will be fired, and even then in the worst case. We are sliding down into the Middle Ages!
  4. Rustiger
    Rustiger April 13 2013 09: 32 New
    13
    March 1, 1950 in Soviet newspapers published the Decree of the Government of the USSR as follows:

    “In Western countries, the depreciation of currencies has occurred and continues, which has already led to the devaluation of European currencies. As for the United States, the continuous increase in prices for consumer goods and continued inflation on this basis, as repeatedly stated by senior officials of the US government, have also led to a significant decrease in the purchasing power of the dollar.


    In connection with the above circumstances, the purchasing power of the ruble has become higher than its official rate.
    In view of this, the Soviet government recognized the need to increase the official ruble exchange rate, and the ruble exchange rate should not be calculated on the basis of the dollar, but on a more stable gold basis, in accordance with the gold content of the ruble.
    On this basis, the Council of Ministers of the USSR decided:
    1. Stop starting March 1, 1950, the determination of the ruble against foreign currencies based on the dollar and transfer to a more stable gold basis, in accordance with the gold content of the ruble.
    2. Set the gold content of the ruble to 0 grams of pure gold
    From March 1, 1950, establish the purchase price of the State Bank for gold at 4 rubles 45 kopecks per 1 gram of pure gold.
    3.From March 1, 1950, determine the exchange rate in relation to foreign currencies based on the gold content of the rubleset in paragraph 2: 4 rubles. for one American dollar instead of the existing 5 p. 30 kopecks. 11 rub. 20 kopecks. for one British pound instead of the existing 14 p. 84 kopecks.
    4. To instruct the USSR State Bank to accordingly change the ruble exchange rate in relation to other foreign currencies.
    In case of further changes in the gold content of foreign currencies or changes in their rates, the USSR State Bank shall establish the ruble exchange rate in relation to foreign currencies taking into account these changes. ”


    Further, in April 1952, an international economic meeting was held in Moscow, at which the USSR, the countries of Eastern Europe and China proposed to create a trade zone alternative to the dollar zone. / long before any of the EEC, WTO, SCO, BRICS /. Moreover, Iran, Ethiopia, Argentina, Mexico, Uruguay, Austria, Sweden, Finland, Ireland, Iceland also showed tremendous interest in this plan. At the meeting, Stalin proposed to create his own "common market". Moreover, at the meeting, the idea of ​​introducing an interstate settlement currency was announced / even then it was foreseen that dollar garbage would begin to overflow the "trash heap" /. Given that the initiator of the idea of ​​creating an alternative to the dollar zone of trade, in fact the transcontinental "common market" was the USSR, then interstate settlement currency in such a “common market” the Soviet ruble had every chance to becomewhose course determination has already been translated into a gold base.

    What DeGaulle did was Stalin did not manage to do it. The world zionists could not allow him to do this. So they "thanked for the work" undertaken for the "creation" of the "historical" one. ... ...
    Or maybe they were unhappy that the plot was cut for them "not there"? We would sit now in Madagascar, have long ago wiped out all the "heavenly chosen" tribes there, and iron domeCopper Basin I wouldn’t have to cover myself from a multitude of neighbors. . .
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 April 13 2013 09: 42 New
      +7
      Quote: Rustiger
      ... what DeGoll succeeded, did not have time to do Stalin ...

      You are a little confused. France, like the rest of the world after the Second World War, was "inscribed" in the Fed.
      The USSR, Stalin, refused this. The USSR, before the Fed passed us in 92, was not pegged to the dollar.
      Stalin did not need to do what DeGol did
      1. Rustiger
        Rustiger April 13 2013 09: 53 New
        +9
        Quote: Boris55
        Stalin did not need to do what DeGol did


        The example is not entirely successful, I agree, but Stalin's idea was absolutely correct to return to pre-revolutionary calculations with the world precisely through linking to the gold reserve and not to the money supply.
        De Gaulle's "dollar steamer" case was unique in its unexpectedness. After him, the Fed revised many provisions in the calculations and subsequently no one would have been able to do this.
        1. Boris55
          Boris55 April 13 2013 09: 57 New
          +5
          In that sense, yes. After which the United States refused to be tied to gold and away we go ... buying up the world for candy wrappers ...
          Before DeGol, they did it on the sly, after - openly, now - insolently ...
    2. Kaa
      Kaa April 13 2013 10: 06 New
      +7
      Quote: Rustiger
      This could not be allowed to be done by the world

      Imperialists, Khrushchevites and all other enemies accused Stalin of having divided zones of influence after World War II by entering into an agreement with former anti-fascist allies - the United States of America and Great Britain. This charge, like the rest, threw time into a landfill. After World War II, Stalin defended with exemplary justice the peoples, their national liberation struggle, their national and social rights from the lusts of former allies in the anti-fascist war. Enemies of communism, starting with world bourgeois reaction, and down to the Khrushchevites and all other revisionists, by all means tried to overshadow and distort all the high qualities of this great Marxist-Leninist, all his clear thoughts and correct deeds, and to denigrate the first socialist state created by Lenin and Stalin.Khrushchevites, these new Trotskyists, Bukharinites, Zinovievites and Tukhachevsky insidiously encouraged a sense of arrogance and superiority of the people who participated in the war. They encouraged privileges for the elite, paved the way for bureaucratism and liberalism in the party and state bodies, violated real revolutionary norms, and they were able to gradually impose defeatism among the people. They presented all their atrocities as consequences of “severe and sectarian behavior, as well as the method and style of work” of Stalin. This insidious business of those who acted stealthily served to swindle the working class, the collective farm peasantry and the intelligentsia, to set in motion all the dissidents who had lurked up to that time. They said to dissidents, careerists and decaying elements that “real freedom” had now come for them and that this “freedom” was brought to them by Nikita Khrushchev and his group. This was the preparation of the ground for the defeat of socialism in the Soviet Union. These villains surfaced shortly after death, or rather, after the assassination of Stalin. I say "after the assassination of Stalin" because I myself Mikoyan told us that they, together with Khrushchev and their company, decided to attempt and assassinate Stalin, but later, as Mikoyan told us, they abandoned this plan. It is a well-known fact that the Khrushchevites were eagerly awaiting Stalin's death.. The circumstances of his death are unclear. In this respect, the issue of “white coats” remains an unresolved mystery - the trial of Kremlin doctors who were accused of trying to kill many leaders of the Soviet Union during Stalin's life. After the death of Stalin, these doctors were rehabilitated, and this was the end of this affair. And why was this case hushed up ?! Was the criminal activity of these doctors proven when they were tried, or not? The question of doctors was hushed up because if the investigation was continued even later, if they had rummaged even deeper, it would have brought a lot of fresh water, discovered many crimes and many conspiracies of masked revisionists with Khrushchev and Mikoyan at the head. This could explain the unexpected death for a short period of incurable diseases of Gottwald, Beirut, Foster, Dimitrov and some others. In this way, the real reason for the unexpected death of Stalin could be proved. http://www.pokaianie.ru/article/from_reader/read/23203
      1. Rustiger
        Rustiger April 13 2013 10: 27 New
        +1
        Quote: Kaa
        In this way, the real reason for the unexpected death of Stalin could be proved.

        I see that it is just a quote, but I will appeal to you. In your opinion, can you understand something in what has been written? Not a single connected logical chain, for a bunch of surnames, some facts and "newborn terms".
        Sorry, I understood almost nothing. . . hi
        1. Kaa
          Kaa April 13 2013 12: 26 New
          +9
          Quote: Rustiger
          I understood almost nothing

          I will gladly explain. In 1952, at the congress, it was no longer the CPSU (B.), But the CPSU, Stalin outlined a clear prospect - to transfer power to the Council of Ministers and the Soviets
          taking it from party functionaries, among whom the ringleader was Nikita Sergeevich. Hundreds of thousands of party apparatchiks remained out of work. Khrushchev in his youth personally repented of the IVS in Trotskyism, was forgiven. Just as the foreign countries made a bet in 1984 (I was not mistaken with the date) the purpose of the collapse of the USSR, with their help, the "group of comrades" killed Stalin and changed course from building communism in the USSR to the Trotskyist theory of support, starting in 1956, Arabs, Papuans, cannibals all over the world - this was already a war of depletion of economies, which found the logical conclusion in 1991. Power remained with the party, i.e. who was later called the nomenclature. Is that clearer? And it is better to read the primary sources, I always give links for those interested and thinking. hi
          1. Kaa
            Kaa April 13 2013 12: 45 New
            +4
            A more extended repost from 03.03.13 "Having taken power, the Bolsheviks all ended up in the same boat - defeat threatened all of them with death. Nevertheless, even for this reason, they were divided into two ideological directions. The first was headed by Lev Davidovich Trotsky, by the way, who joined the Bolsheviks only in 1917, on the eve of their seizure of power. He was a devout Marxist, piously convinced that in one country, according to the "theory of Marx", it is impossible to build socialism. Therefore, he considered Russia only as a "bundle of brushwood" in the fire of the world revolutionary conflagration. How many Russians would die in this, he did not care - his head hurt about the proletariat of the whole world. The second ideological direction was headed by Lenin. He came to the denial of the position of Marx on the universality of the socialist revolution, he justified the possibility of the victory of socialism in one country. Stalin very closely adjoined Lenin, but he was in no way going to give Russia to slaughter for any proletarian mop-ups, in no way was he going to do this at the expense of the fate of the peoples of the USSR. With the beginning of the 30s, the defeated Trotskyists (and all those who joined them) decided to prepare for an armed rebellion. Supporters of Stalin then crushed this rebellion in the bud. The Stalinist Constitution forbade having counter-revolutionary, bourgeois parties, parties that encroached on the power of the working people. But this constitution did not prohibit having several communist parties. It should be added that the uselessness of party nomenclature for governing the country was not a theory, but already established practice. Very rarely plenums of the Central Committee met and, apparently, only for consecration by vote of personnel changes. And the congresses of the CPSU (B.) For 13 years were not going at all - there was no need for them. So, it was theoretically clear that the party apparatus from governing the country should be eliminated, and in practice this was confirmed. Historians write that Stalin’s decision to convene the XNUMXth Congress of the CPSU (B.) Was unexpected for the party apparatus. The name "All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)" was changed to "Communist Party of the Soviet Union." The new name tightly tied the party to the state, the party became, as it were, the property of the USSR, a structural division of Soviet power. It was the Government of the Soviet Union, the Ministry of Defense of the Soviet Union, now instead of the CPSU (b), the Communist Party of the Soviet Union also became. Instead of the Politburo, the Central Committee of the party was supposed to form only the Presidium. And this replacement of the Politburo with the Presidium meant that the party was losing the body directly governing the entire country. Stalin, subjugating the party of Soviet power, restored the operation of the Constitution of the USSR in full. He did, in fact, what Peter I did, who made the Russian Orthodox Church a structure of the state administration apparatus. Stalin’s withdrawal from the Central Committee (withdrawal of the leader of the USSR from the party’s governing bodies) was a terrible threat to the party nomenclature, for it restored democratic centralism in the party — inner-party democracy. And with this democracy, people who can only be hunters and overseers in the governing bodies of the party become unnecessary. And Khrushchev would have to remember the skills of a locksmith, and Malenkov would again be restored at MVTU im. Bauman, to finally get an engineering degree. Now the nomenclature remained the only way out of the situation - Stalin was obliged to die as Secretary of the Central Committee, as leader of the party and the whole country, which happened in March 1953. Conceived reform of the country failed by eliminating Stalin and curtailing the decisions of the XNUMXth Congress.
            1. Kaa
              Kaa April 13 2013 13: 35 New
              +5
              Quote: Kaa
              Kaa
              After the war, Stalin resumed an intensive investigation into the causes of the tragedy of June 22, 1941 in order to identify specific culprits. Stalin’s words are well known that “winners can and should be judged, can and should be criticized and checked ... there will be less arrogance, more modesty.” Under these words, Stalin meant a thorough investigation of the causes of the tragedy of June 22, 1941, which he began in deep secrecy at the beginning of the war and never stopped - just for some time the activity of the proceedings was reduced. However, by the end of 1952, Stalin practically completed this investigation - a survey of the surviving generals who had commanded in the western border districts on the eve of the war had already been completed. For example, as a result of a survey of generals about when they received a warning about the German attack, it turned out that everyone received June 18-19, and only the generals of the Western Special Military District did not receive any indications on this score, and some even learned about the war from Molotov’s speech. And this very much alarmed both the party democracy and the senior generals and marshalities involved in these events.. The USSR, which participated in this conference, did not ratify the agreement on the creation of the IBRD and the IMF, since it became clear to Stalin that these structures were created behind the scenes to expand the "US dollar" around the world by imposing an interest loan on the peoples of the world. At the same time, Stalin refused to participate in the behind-the-scenes gold usurious common fund and he seriously “began the search” for tsarist-Russian gold, which was taken out behind the scenes by freemasons from Russia to the USA and England under various specious pretexts in the pre-revolutionary period and in the process of revolution, as well as the “disappeared” collateral gold held by the tsarist government in Western banks for obtaining loans from them. To top it off, Stalin refused to participate in the global financial pyramid, and not just refused to use the behind-the-scenes "US dollar" in the international trade of the USSR, but By a resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR of March 1, 1950, he stopped evaluating goods in the backstage "US dollars". By doing this, he actually undermined the global financial scam behind the scenes, through which she planned to tidy the world through finances, quietly and invisibly, using the method of "cultural cooperation" to your own hands. After that, Stalin became the main enemy of the backstage and a stumbling block in the implementation of her plan for coming to undivided world domination. The conclusion suggests itself: there was an objective consolidation of the interests of partocracy (including as an integral component of the military-party complex) with the global interests of the backstage http://www.razumei.ru/lib/article/709
        2. dropout
          dropout April 13 2013 14: 58 New
          -4
          Quote: Rustiger
          Sorry, I understood almost nothing.


          And what is there to understand, another attempt to "BELIEVE ALGEBRA HARMONY"
          1. dropout
            dropout 20 June 2013 21: 37 New
            0
            They insisted on me cons. But I didn’t speak about the text, but about the method of research. To whom I didn’t get to the source. A.S. Pushkin "Mozart and Salieri"
      2. Gari
        Gari April 13 2013 11: 47 New
        +5
        However, at the 1953th Congress of the CPSU, he made very businesslike proposals, and on his initiative at the UN Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East in February XNUMX, a system of mutual settlements in the national currency was proposed, which fundamentally undermined the Bretton Woods agreements.
        An attempt to get out of the influence of the dollar against the US Federal Reserve by the ruler of the world

        The first data confirming that Joseph Stalin was killed by one of his close associates appeared back in the 50s. At first, Nikita Khrushchev let it slip in the presence of several Western journalists. In foreign media, Khrushchev’s words were circulated as a real sensation, but the news didn’t reach right behind the Iron Curtain, and only those who heard foreign “voices” on the radio heard about it.
        The former USSR Foreign Minister Dmitry Shepilov spoke second about the violent death of Stalin, and also in the presence of foreign correspondents
        And in 1976, the book "The Mystery of Stalin's Death (Beria Conspiracy)" was born. Avtorkhanov did a great job: he looked for dozens of witnesses in the Soviet Union, questioned them - at that time it was an extremely difficult job. As a result, in the West for a long time no one doubted the version of poisoning - only the identity of the organizer of the murder caused controversy. Such was considered the Minister of the Interior Lawrence Beria. It turned out to be wrong. Beria, of course, could be involved in the murder, but it was not he who organized it, but Lazar Kaganovich, who was also part of Stalin's inner circle. Kaganovich lived to see the collapse of the USSR, but over the years he did not utter a word about his involvement in the death of the leader.
        The documents of the commission of Mikhail Poltoranin on declassifying the KGB archives related to the last days of the generalissimo clearly indicated that Lavrenty Beria might not have known about the impending murder. A member of the presidium of the Central Committee Kaganovich asked him to be removed from the leader of his two closest associates - the head of the special sector of the Central Committee, Alexander Poskrebyshev and the head of the personal guard, Lieutenant General Nikolai Vlasik, who supposedly had a bad influence on Stalin, which Beria successfully executed. But Beria might not have known about why it was necessary to eliminate Vlasik with Poskrebyshev. How exactly did Kaganovich plan the murder and who was involved in the operation to eliminate Stalin? It is known that Kaganovich was helped by his relative Ella. It was she who agreed with the performers. It was she who consulted with specialists, choosing poison. In the 90s, all records in the KGB archive regarding this woman were taken to Israel by personal order of Boris Yeltsin ...

        Beria might not have known about the murder

        Stalin was probably poisoned on Saturday, February 28, 1953. In the evening he drank mineral water - according to a subsequently compiled description, there were three empty bottles in the bedroom. One of them, from under Borjomi, subsequently disappeared without a trace. Researchers, in particular Oleg Karataev and Nikolai Dobryukha, believe that killers were very cautious in choosing the poison of the killer. It was necessary to make sure that the poison did not kill Stalin immediately. The killers needed time to share power among themselves. And the quick death of the leader did not leave such an opportunity.
        The Leader of the Great Power was removed
      3. Stalinets
        Stalinets April 13 2013 21: 43 New
        +2
        They did not refuse. Mikoyan was a man of the "Cabinet of 300" or, more simply, the world government ... yes
      4. poligraf
        poligraf April 13 2013 21: 55 New
        10
        Stalin was a honest ruler. He left behind a pair of uniforms and a library. There are many marginal notes and comments in this library. The Stalin Prize was paid out of Stalin's savings. Like this.
    3. Gari
      Gari April 13 2013 12: 01 New
      +8
      Quote: Rustiger
      What DeGoll succeeded, did not have time to do Stalin

      But the “Stalin case” was continued by Charles de Gaulle, who was elected President of France in 1958, and in 1965 was re-elected with the broadest powers that the country's presidents did not have before him. De Gaulle set the task to ensure the economic recovery and military power of France and on this basis to recreate the greatness of his power. Under him, a new franc was issued with a denomination of 100 old. Frank, for the first time in many years, has become hard currency. Having abandoned liberalism in the country's economy, De Gaulle achieved by 1960 the rapid growth of the country's gross domestic product.

      From 1949 to 1965, France’s gold reserves increased from 500 kilograms to 4.200 tons, and France took third place in the world among the “golden powers” ​​- excluding the USSR, whose gold reserves were kept secret until 1991. In 1960, France successfully tested an atomic bomb in the Pacific Ocean and three years later refused to participate in NATO's combined nuclear forces. In January 1963, de Gaulle rejected the "multilateral nuclear forces" created by the Pentagon, and then removed the French Atlantic fleet from NATO command.
      February 4, 1960 announces that his country is now in international payments moves to real gold.
      In 1965, at a meeting with US President Lyndon Johnson, he announced that he intended to exchange 1.5 billion paper dollars for gold at the official exchange rate: $ 35 per ounce. Johnson was informed that the French ship loaded with "green candy wrappers" was in the New York port, and a French plane with the same "luggage" landed at the airport. Johnson promised the President of France serious problems. In response, De Gaulle announced the evacuation of NATO headquarters, 29 NATO and US military bases from France, and the withdrawal of 35 troops from the alliance. In the end, this was done, but while the essence and the matter, de Gaulle for two years significantly facilitated the famous Fort Knox: more than 3 thousand tons of gold.
      But in 1968, mass student unrest swept France, Paris was blocked by barricades, and on the walls hung posters "13.05.58/13.05.68/28 - 1969/XNUMX/XNUMX, it's time to leave, Charles." April XNUMX, XNUMX, ahead of schedule, de Gaulle voluntarily left his post.
      1. Igarr
        Igarr April 13 2013 13: 09 New
        +6
        In, brothers, you gave .... Kaa and Gari ...
        Hello to all.
        Your ...landmark quotes... I mastered something. Because we, old farts, love to read such quotes. Learned. See more .. between words and between sentences.
        And the younger and more advanced guys (by the way, we were like that too) - it’s hard for them to read verbosity. They need a result - .... killed! And buried it! And the inscription wrote! Khrushchev !!!!
        Müller remember - "..we, detectives, we work with specific words - he came, she told, they met ..."
        .
        Kiselev has an interesting approach. The system one.
        Like, like Nosovsky and Fomenko. I liked it very much.
        And here - in his algorithm ... the first point is the most punctured. How to put yourself in the shoes of a historian ... bygone days?
        If the main thoughts and ideas - not on paper were reflected. And in the heads of the community of that time.
        An example - where it is prescribed in the 1936 Constitution of the year - the application of emergency measures to dishonestly perform their duties.
        ....
        The right comes from the long-established principle - who benefits?
        Who would benefit from removing Stalin?
        Who was in the future - the "ax head"?
        Who received a lot of preferences from the death of Stalin? Who replaced him at the post? And not directly, but rather through one?
        And all business.
        .
        That's why ... and the destruction of documents ... by cars.
        1. Gari
          Gari April 13 2013 14: 29 New
          +4
          Quote: Igarr
          In, brothers, you gave .... Kaa and Gari ...
          Hello to all.
          Your ... epoch-making quotes ... I somehow mastered. Because we, old farts, love to read such quotes. Learned. See more .. between words and between sentences.
          And the younger and more advanced guys (by the way, we were like that too) - it’s hard for them to read verbosity. They need a result - .... killed! And buried it! And the inscription wrote! Khrushchev !!!!

          Good afternoon, but unfortunately you are right, although in my youth I also liked to read
          Yes, in any business you always need to look for someone who is profitable, but a few have lived without problems until they were very old: Molotov lived 96 years, Kaganovich - 97, Malenkov - 86, Shepilov - almost 90, Molotov 96. and Khrushchev 77.
          1. Igarr
            Igarr April 13 2013 16: 38 New
            +1
            Well, Gary ...
            and if Stalin .. survived to 75-ty ..... would Khrushchev live to 77?
            Or Shepilov before 90? ... In vain did he or what, they called Richelieu Stalin ...?
            ....
            I do not believe in the theory of murder.
            Extremely successful .. malaise that has turned up .... refusal to help.
            .
            In a jar with spiders ... chelicera ... they don’t click.
            1. stalkerwalker
              stalkerwalker April 14 2013 16: 17 New
              +6
              Quote: Igarr
              I do not believe in the theory of murder.
              Extremely successful .. malaise that has turned up .... refusal to help.

              There is such an article in the Criminal Code - "Failure to provide assistance ...".
              And it looks quite harmless - you know, by age ...
              The main reason, it seems to me, is the unwillingness of the party superiors to "leave" voluntarily from such "bread" and opportunities.

              You can carry out a DIRECT ANALOGY with today's Russian ISTOBLISHMENT - everything is done in the "fight for a place in the sun" using and sharing, at the same time, our money, natural wealth, forgetting about honor, conscience and ordinary fear.
        2. Egoza
          Egoza April 13 2013 17: 16 New
          +4
          Quote: Igarr
          In, brothers, you gave .... Kaa and Gari ...


          I am joining! Thanks a lot! Do not let the 100500 system put the pluses!
          Honestly, I often copy your posts and links, and then "divide into paragraphs" and discuss with young people whenever possible. Yes, and the "oldies" are interesting to listen to, and then the people have forgotten the story!
          A low bow to your work!
        3. Rustiger
          Rustiger April 13 2013 17: 34 New
          +1
          Quote: Igarr
          And the younger and more advanced guys () - it’s hard for them to read verbosity.

          For example, it’s easier for me to stick a USB flash drive with an audio book into the player in the car, while driving 40 minutes before work. I can give an example - http://antizion.narod.ru/ icon with a blue arrow that says "[narod]"

          Quote: Igarr
          we, old-timers, love reading such quotes.


          By the way, we too werewill be. God willing - we will survive !!!
        4. dmb
          dmb April 13 2013 22: 30 New
          -1
          I didn't quite understand, did you praise them or curse them? Personally, I am for the second option. For both comments are well suited to a quote from the article: "And if so, where is the guarantee that the whole story is not a figment of the imagination of my colleagues?. Even the assessment of obvious historical facts by various persons is done according to the principle of a half-empty or half-full glass, and if there are no documents survived, a riot of imagination knows no limits. This is not the first time I come across the phrase "Khrushchev-Trotskyist", who personally repented of this to Stalin. Internet, alas, I cannot consider it as evidence.) That he was a voluntarist and illiterate, there is evidence, it is enough to read the biography and history of the USSR during his reign, but alas about "repentance".
          1. stalkerwalker
            stalkerwalker April 14 2013 16: 25 New
            +5
            Quote: dmb
            but about "repentance" alas.

            A lot of people who repented and joined in time reached the highest state peaks - remember the Prosecutor General of the USSR Rudenko, for example.
            Many were interested in clearing the party and state archives.
            Cleaned from 1953 to 1960.
            And all the same "tails and ears" stick out.
      2. Stalinets
        Stalinets April 13 2013 21: 51 New
        -1
        As always, "professional students" know where the truth is ....
      3. stalkerwalker
        stalkerwalker April 14 2013 16: 10 New
        +6
        Quote: Gari
        But in 1968, massive student unrest swept France, Paris was blocked by barricades,

        In my opinion, starting in 1968, the State Department and colleagues began to carry out a large-scale multi-purpose action to unfold the mentality towards the "consumer society". The action was quite successful because it was at that time that the principles of "tolerance" to the rights of lovers of same-sex marriages and other "filias" were laid. Along the way, the routes and flows of drugs were "debugged", on which those who continued to follow the natural way of reproduction were put.
        I don’t understand how they (the State Department) managed to do it. the Internet then "did not smell", but the facts say ...
    4. folds
      folds April 13 2013 13: 42 New
      +3
      How long did Gaddafi live after trying to unite the north of Africa and create a gold dinar independent of the dollar?
      1. Igarr
        Igarr April 13 2013 16: 48 New
        +5
        Exactly, exactly.
        John F. Kennedy .... making and printing a silver dollar ...
        Right there ... Soekarno, Indonesia.
        ..
        In short, any attempt to go against the Bretton Woods Accords .... is punishable by death.
        .
        Let's see .... BRICS asilit?
  5. Ivan Tarasov
    Ivan Tarasov April 13 2013 09: 32 New
    0
    But isn’t it easier - to open the KGB archives than guessing at the coffee grounds?
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 April 13 2013 09: 45 New
      +6
      Quote: Ivan Tarasov
      But isn’t it easier - to open the KGB archives than guessing at the coffee grounds?

      Who will reveal them to you. Dolls are changing, but the puppeteers are all the same.
    2. Egoza
      Egoza April 13 2013 10: 08 New
      +2
      Quote: Ivan Tarasov
      But isn’t it easier - to open the KGB archives than guessing at the coffee grounds?

      First of all, it is necessary to determine how many documents in these "archives" were falsified, starting from the time of Khrushchev to the present day. And then you can analyze and draw conclusions. Fortunately, it is impossible to destroy ALL documents. With proper scrupulous work, you can restore the real picture and real documents. There would be a desire.
      1. Igarr
        Igarr April 13 2013 13: 15 New
        +4
        Unfortunately, Elena ....
        And then what about Katyn?
        There are ... documents. And - there is no reality.
      2. Stalinets
        Stalinets April 13 2013 21: 56 New
        +1
        Truth ? And what do we know about the religion of Europeans, before 988? wink
  6. 30143
    30143 April 13 2013 09: 58 New
    +1
    DIDN'T UNDERSTAND QQ = 0,1 * 0,1 * 0,01 * 0,1 * 0,01 = 10. IT SEEMS TO ME Qtotal = 0,0000001
    1. Igarr
      Igarr April 13 2013 13: 16 New
      +2
      This is so ... tricky math.
      Historical.
      Istmat is called.
      1. vovan1949
        vovan1949 April 13 2013 23: 14 New
        0
        Istmat is historical materialism
    2. baltika-18
      baltika-18 April 13 2013 14: 06 New
      +3
      Quote: 30143
      DIDN'T UNDERSTAND QQ = 0,1 * 0,1 * 0,01 * 0,1 * 0,01 = 10. IT SEEMS TO ME Qtotal = 0,0000001

      Just not added to the "-7" degree.
      And I liked the mathematical calculations. Logic and mathematics. Ironically.
      1. Black
        Black April 13 2013 16: 32 New
        -2
        What is there iron? There is even a little bronze.
        "The likelihood that Abakumov was planted completely by accident (and not on purpose, preparing the ground for the destruction of Stalin), in my opinion, is extremely small and no more
        P (Abakumova) = 0,1 "


        IN MY OPINION!!!!. What is it like? Is it iron? Reinforced concrete? Maybe 0,3, maybe 0,0001?
        The "historian" is convinced in advance of the likelihood of an event with a certain meaning, then the multipliers are adjusted by the method of demagogy and manipulation. In the given example, why, for example, is Stalin's pathological distrust not taken into account? The author does not need.

        From my point of view, everything is taut over the ears, and the probability of interpretation is two orders of magnitude higher than the probability of the event itself.
        History is a kind of science. if science at all ... Attempts to attract mathematical methods, mathematical models are just attempts to prove that "my" truth is the truest truth in the world.
        Excavations, artifacts, documents, documents, documents !!!!! Everything else is from the evil one !!!!!
        1. Igarr
          Igarr April 13 2013 16: 56 New
          +1
          Cheney, hi.
          Do you propose to pick up the Kremlin wall?
          Cho find out?
          That Stalin was buried elsewhere?
          And here is the cenotaph?
          .
          Heh ...
          1. Black
            Black April 13 2013 23: 30 New
            +1
            Igarr, good evening. It seemed to me an article not about the death of Stalin, about the methodology of the science of HISTORY. I do not like the methodology proposed by the author. The tool is quite controversial, isn’t it?

            Quote: Igarr
            Cho find out?

            Find out what is there. Why then open the tombs? Why are we climbing into the Egyptian pyramids, why are we opening the Sormatian burials? Let's sit down, by the name of the methodology of probability theory ... and without dust and sweat (as God puts on the soul () we will draw conclusions !!!
            1. Igarr
              Igarr April 14 2013 11: 51 New
              +1
              Here I agree with you.
              It is incorrect to put the probabilities "from the bulldozer". P = 0,1 ... this is very significant. Every tenth.
              And with each search - the probability is growing.
              .
              Ever since school, having become acquainted with the theory of probability - he made an opinion for himself.
              What matters more in life is the theory of improbability.
              And in another way - Murphy's laws.
              "If an experiment can go wrong, then it necessarily so it goes. "
              "We wanted the best, but it turned out as always."
              So it goes.
  7. ImPerts
    ImPerts April 13 2013 10: 29 New
    +2
    Germany did not make the mark convertible until 1958. This was done in principle to stop the capital outflow from the country. Our "democratic" public was one of the first things it did to send the ruble into free float, which led to such an overflow ... And now we hear about capital outflow and wonder where everything disappears and where to get money for investment.
  8. Locksmith
    Locksmith April 13 2013 11: 15 New
    +3
    Properly implemented policy of money, if you want to buy gold from us, buy it only for rubles, but the ruble is gold, so you first need to exchange your candy wrappers for gold (or attach it to it), then buy the rubles for it (with us), and only then exchange rubles for our gold, and not as it is now - they printed a bunch of paper and bought gold.
  9. Enot-poloskun
    Enot-poloskun April 13 2013 11: 54 New
    +3
    Good, strong article. I really liked!
  10. yak69
    yak69 April 13 2013 12: 00 New
    +5
    That Stalin was killed, I personally had no doubts and no. There is only one serious moment that haunts me. How could Stalin with his ingenious perspicacity, with his subtle knowledge of people, how could he “look through” the evil clown Nikita Khrushchev ?! I can't understand this in any way. Stalin saw right through people. And people and all the events of life were anticipated by him long before their appearance. Moreover, he himself in many ways planned the events of the life of millions of people and many states! And here is such a "simple mistake". How could this happen? Why didn't he remove the beast in due time? But he wanted to do it, and Khrushch himself repeatedly told about it. What or who prevented him from removing the crust? Here's where to dig.
    This is a mystery to me.
    1. yak69
      yak69 April 13 2013 12: 11 New
      +3
      Regarding the article, I can say the following. The author proposed an original and correct technique. It is clear that in the universe, ABSOLUTELY EVERYTHING lends itself to mathematical analysis and can be predicted with a high degree of probability. Author plus!
      In everything, one must strive for an objective assessment of phenomena and events. And this should be elevated to the rank of state policy, BUT ....
      I will not talk about why the current government is not striving for this. And not only with us.
      1. Igarr
        Igarr April 13 2013 13: 18 New
        +1
        George, hello.
        "..in the Universe EVERYTHING amenable to mathematical analysis and can be predicted with a high degree of probability. "
        ..
        Do you ..kids have?
        1. Kaa
          Kaa April 13 2013 13: 23 New
          +3
          Quote: Igarr
          Do you ..kids have?
          The date of conception and even gender can be predicted mathematically ... if not for the neighbors laughing
          1. Rustiger
            Rustiger April 13 2013 17: 14 New
            +1
            Quote: Kaa
            .if not neighbors

            Yeah Wii shoooo! request And we all wove for some horoscopes what
            Then Robinson was absolutely predictable mathematically, until the guys from the neighboring island sailed. And what about small northern peoples living with a "building density" approaching zero? Here geologists introduce an error. ... ... ... and. ... ... Abramovich? laughing
      2. folds
        folds April 13 2013 13: 54 New
        +4
        About 25 years ago, my history teacher used to say: “To understand whether this or that historical fact could or could not have happened, try to put yourself in the place of those who lived then and in no case do not take our ancestors for idiots. that situation, something has been done that clearly contradicts normal logic - it is clearly unclean here "
      3. Egen
        Egen April 16 2013 11: 43 New
        0
        Quote: yak69
        The author proposed an original and correct technique.

        I agree, and
        "... there will be a unified history textbook, which will contain all versions of what happened, ranked according to the likelihood of what happened" - this is also good, and not as they teach at school now :(
        To the author + but so the most interesting where is the miscalculation of the theory who did this? :)
        True, something does not fully converge. If already removed, incl. physically, people close to Stalin and they were replaced by "their performers", then according to the laws of the genre, these performers should be immediately removed after the performance, and not sent away by the secretaries of the regional committees :)
  11. Gari
    Gari April 13 2013 12: 16 New
    +4
    From the book of Stuart Kagan ,, KREMLIN WOLF ,, USA 1987.
    Sewart Kagan. (Stuart Kagan) - nephew of Lazar Kaganovich. His family left for America before the revolution, and on this, their paths diverged with the family of Lazar Kaganovich. In the early 80s, Stuart Kagan, interested in the personality of his famous uncle, visited the Soviet Union and talked with Lazar Kaganovich in his apartment on Frunzenskaya Embankment. The result of this conversation is this book. The author of the book does not speak Russian. The author's conversations with Lazar Kaganovich took place in Hebrew. Lazar Kaganovich died in 1991. Born in 1888, he lived 103 years. His death coincided with the death of the Soviet state, in the construction of which he was directly involved in one way or another.

    As time went. At the end of the war, Stalin's personal power greatly increased, and Lazarus knew that it was now the time when, as a result of victory in a huge war, Stalin could do anything. Contacting him was now more dangerous than ever. However, Molotov, Bulganin and Khrushchev were at one with Lazarus. Even the young Malenkov ceased to indulge any Stalinist desire. Only Beria climbed with might and main with his fawning, especially in the presence of Stalin. But behind his eyes they said about Beria what he really was - a famous Moscow womanizer and pimp. Why did Stalin do nothing to eliminate this disgusting monster? Could not?
    Stalin did everything possible to restore and strengthen the Soviet state. By March 1947, Stalin put a lot in order. He worked hard and hard. Often he remained to spend the night in his office in the Kremlin, where he worked and slept. It was a huge room with portraits of Marx, Engels, Lenin and, of course, Stalin himself. In the office there was also a portrait of Alexander Nevsky.
    All the secretaries of Stalin were constantly in work. They wrote down the dictated and prepared reports until late at night. This man did not seem to know what fatigue was. He dined at about three in the afternoon and until ten in the evening, the time of his supper, was limited only to a cup of green tea. During lunch, Stalin was in the habit of inviting members of the Politburo and the General Staff to discuss current state and political affairs with them, so lunch usually lasted for three hours.
    Stalin ate well, but drank very little. Only at banquets he allowed himself to drink more.
    All the rest followed the Stalinist regime. The working day of his associates began at 11 am and lasted after midnight. Reception hours of many managers were from 11 pm to one in the morning. Because at this time, Stalin could still call, and he had to be on the post. No one had days off.
    1. Stalinets
      Stalinets April 13 2013 22: 02 New
      +2
      ... But behind the backs of Beria they said what he was in reality - a famous Moscow womanizer and pimp. Why didn't Stalin do anything to eliminate this disgusting monster? Could not? ... Read through colored glasses this nonsense. A certain Stuart (not a Jewish name) Kaganovich. Does this "book" aim to exorcise the name of Beria and those who built the country with Stalin ...
      1. Egoza
        Egoza April 13 2013 22: 09 New
        +4
        Quote: Stalinist
        But behind his eyes they said about Beria what he really was - a famous Moscow womanizer

        But Beria's wife said after his death that he was not a womanizer, but simply met with agents in safe houses, because it was through women that a lot of "information" was obtained then
        1. Black
          Black April 13 2013 23: 38 New
          +2
          Quote: Egoza
          he was not a womanizer, but simply met with agents in safe houses, for it was through women that a lot of "information" was obtained then

          Dear Fidget !!!! I’m repeating the same thing to my wife all the time. So I think that I will believe only after my death ...
          1. Yarbay
            Yarbay April 13 2013 23: 51 New
            +1
            Quote: Chen
            Dear Fidget !!!! I’m repeating the same thing to my wife all the time. So I think that I will believe only after my death ...

            Handsome))))))) +++
            The main thing is, by whatever torture, do not depart from your version))) And you must even be offended))) I don’t eat today))))
        2. Yarbay
          Yarbay April 13 2013 23: 49 New
          +2
          Quote: Egoza
          But Beria's wife said after his death that he was not a womanizer, but simply met with agents in safe houses, because it was through women that a lot of "information" was obtained then

          Working with female agents is much more complicated and there are many problems, its own specifics !!
          I do not believe that one opera could have many female agents !!
          1. Ruslan67
            Ruslan67 April 14 2013 02: 09 New
            +3
            Quote: Yarbay
            I do not believe that one opera could have many female agents !!

            good Every opera dreams about it repeat And if this happens wakes up with a cry, WHAT !!!! ??? Again to work !? belay wassat
      2. stalkerwalker
        stalkerwalker April 14 2013 16: 37 New
        +4
        Quote: Stalinist
        .. But behind his eyes they said about Beria what he really was - a famous Moscow womanizer and pimp.

        Here it is, informational failure, the result of purges of archives ...
        We even plainly do not know the date of the death of L.P. Beria.
        Musavatist, English spy, etc. - they denigrate people in such a way in order to completely "throw" them out of the country's history.
        By 1953, LP Beria completed the main work on creating a "nuclear response" to overseas "partners", and it was planned to return him to the leadership of the MGB / NKVD.
        By the way, the next reform of the MGB / NKVD in the KGB / Ministry of Internal Affairs followed precisely after the March events.
  12. Gari
    Gari April 13 2013 12: 19 New
    +5
    The USSR recognized the state of Israel on the third day. The Israeli ambassador Golda Meyer arrived in the USSR. Golda Meyer was the closest friend of Molotov's wife Polina Pearl, with whom she studied at the gymnasium. Soviet Jews gave her a grand reception. They filled the streets of the capital, were on duty around the clock at the Golda Meyer Hotel, and greeted her every appearance with enthusiastic applause. Never a single head of a foreign power had such success in the USSR, not to mention some after. Moscow raged and rejoiced. Everything else was eclipsed.
    Stalin was in shock. All Jews who had a “Russian” nationality in their passports rejoiced in the capital. Stalin now had the opportunity to contemplate how in reality there are many Jews in Moscow. It seemed that this was the vast majority of residents of the capital.
    Stalin called an emergency meeting of the Politburo:
    - That's what we have achieved, trying to seem like a civilized country and succumbing to the world of behind-the-scenes games! This is thanks to us from the Jews! Jews still cannot get along well with other nations. With very few exceptions.
    And he looked towards Kaganovich.
    “Jews are always and everywhere a danger.” Every Jewish Muscovite has a connection with a foreign country. We are facing the threat of world Zionism!
    Lazarus held his gaze. Stalin, as always, was waiting for an answer. Lazarus nodded. Stalin smiled.
    Lazarus already led the “purges” of the 30s. Now he had to take up his Jews. And what else could he do if he was directly posed precisely for this task? Here it was no longer possible to hide behind insignificant social-democratic and Trotsky-fascist labels, under which it was possible to bring anyone, even Jesus Christ. Say: “I cleaned everyone, but I won’t? Of course, Lazarus will sabotage, of course, he will enlist the Russians themselves as Jews, but he can only do this to a certain extent. He cannot put himself in jeopardy.
    Lazarus had to dissolve the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee and arrest its leaders, who worked for America and international Zionism without hiding, and, by the way, the Cold War was going on, and America was going to use the atomic bomb against the USSR, which the USSR had not yet had.
    Lazarus to himself only begged them: “Just do not be impudent! Do not meddle in trouble! Well, sit still! ” However, they could not sit still. Particularly important enterprises even had to introduce a quota that determined the number of leading workers of Jewish nationality. Many of the most zealous Jewish figures were imprisoned.

    However, Lazarus continued to wait for his finest hour.
    1. Rustiger
      Rustiger April 13 2013 20: 49 New
      +2
      Quote: Gari
      “Jews are always and everywhere a danger.” Every Jewish Muscovite has a connection with a foreign country. We are facing the threat of world Zionism!


      Stalin actively used both Soviet and foreign Yavrov during the Second World War. Stalin promoted and "pushed in", imprisoned and released, executed and pardoned both Jews and non-Jews. He did not shy away from Jews who were ready to serve the USSR faithfully. The Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee was even specially created to serve for the benefit of the USSR. When the war ended and the international situation changed and the need for such a committee disappeared, this committee was disbanded. All this proves that Stalin was not an anti-Semite. At least explicit.

      Moreover, Stalin, in fact, favored the Jews and rendered a gigantic and still invaluable historical service to the Jewish people.

      The legal and social status of Russian Jews radically improved precisely after the October Revolution and especially after Stalin came to power. It was Stalin who provided the opportunity for Jews to move to Moscow and other major cities of the USSR in 1921-1930, that is, in fact, eliminated the places of settledness. So in 1912, 6,4 thousand people lived in Moscow, in 1933, 241,7 thousand. The population of Moscow has grown over the years from 1 million 618 thousand to 3 million 663 thousand. In other words, the Jewish population of Moscow grew 17 times faster than the population of other nations, peoples and nationalities.
      It was Stalin who did not prevent the penetration of Jews into all key positions in the state and thereby helped them become a privileged class in the USSR.
      That’s why the current yavra are ready to do anything to denigrate Stalin and his admirers. The method worked out is Stalin, a liquid eater, and all who disagree with the fascist / nationalist / revanchist. Thanks a lot, nothing to say.

      Among other things, they always write (I will quote a large quote, because it is indicative):
      “As we know, at times Stalin became paranoid about a Jewish conspiracy against him. In 1948 he attacked the Jewish cultural organizations that he had tolerated before. In January of that year, the most famous Soviet Jew, actor Solomon Mikhoels, was killed.
      A year later, Pravda will launch a poorly veiled attack against "unbridled, malevolent cosmopolitans, deprived of roots and shamelessly filling their pockets ... Grown up on the rotten yeast of bourgeois cosmopolitanism, decadence and formalism ... Foreigners without their own homeland, they poisonously poison our proletarian proletarian country. culture "
      .

      It so happened that all the mentioned "cosmopolitans" bore Jewish surnames.
      On August 12, 1952, 13 Jewish writers were executed. Later, their murder will be called the Night of the executed poets.
      In November 1952, Prague show trials began. 11 of 13 defendants were Jews. They were accused of a Trotskyist-Zionist conspiracy. With the exception of three people, all the defendants were executed.
      On December 1, 1952, Stalin said at a Politburo meeting, looking into the eyes of Lev Kaganovich: "Every Jew is a nationalist and a potential agent of American intelligence."
      The final blow came in January 1953, when a hysterical article was published in Pravda exposing a conspiracy of Jewish doctors to poison the political and military leaders of the USSR. Hundreds of people were arrested in a few days.
      they don’t even notice that they themselves confirm the reasonedness of these actions. True, they are silent that the Jewish Autonomous Region was created at the request (practically in the form of a demand) of the Jews themselves. True, for some reason, they demanded Crimea for Jewish autonomy.
      But some time ago I read on Jewish resources that "Madagascar would be more suitable for them then." The right to pump - do not feed with bread. ... ...
  13. Gari
    Gari April 13 2013 12: 21 New
    +6
    Israel reacted instantly, as always declaring everything anti-Semitism. In world history, a radical turning point came, which was not brought to the masses. Now in the world, the main stronghold of the "world revolution" was not the USSR or even the USA - the new state of Israel became this outpost. Now what is called the world "progressive public opinion" will not be the position of the USSR or the USA - it will be the position of the state of Israel.
    Israel made it clear to the USSR that it would not tolerate any incitement toward the Jews, regardless of whether the charges against them were true or not. A bomb broke in the USSR Embassy in Israel.
    Stalin, too, was not a whipping boy and severed diplomatic relations with Israel. He did not understand: yesterday they just hatched into the light - today they are already dictating to the whole world. But he suspected that he had been largely deceived when they quietly and quietly recognized the state of Israel as an insignificant event that had no significance whatsoever. "In Moscow, a hundred embassies of these banana republics - what difference does it make if there is another one?" - His entourage said. However, Israel was not preparing the function of a banana republic.
  14. Gari
    Gari April 13 2013 12: 29 New
    +4
    Once, at two in the morning, Bulganin, Molotov, Voroshilov and Lazarus left Stalin's dacha. They discussed the question of who the Minister of Foreign Affairs should be subordinate to: the newly created Presidium or the Central Committee. Stalin invited them to meet the next morning at nine o’clock in order to finally resolve this issue. And they took advantage of the opportunity provided to them: for "further" discussion, they all went to Voroshilov's cottage in Zhukovka. The location was very successful. Voroshilov’s wife and children were absent at the time, he released the servants and the guards too. Therefore, they could not be afraid that they were eavesdropping. The owner, the hidden Jew Voroshilov, was the first to speak:
    “You see that Koba is doing the same thing now as Hitler.” He is an ardent anti-Semite! He needs a scapegoat. Voroshilov is the only one who also called Stalin the nickname of forty years ago. He was supported by Bulganin. His wife was a doctor, and Bulganin liked to demonstrate his “medical” knowledge at every opportunity.
    “I think Koba suffers from a persecution mania.” In a conversation, he let me know that the three of you are plotting against him.
    Lazarus was wary:
    - And me too? Is he thinking of me too? - Bulganin nodded:
    “He knows that you believe that the doctors’ case makes a terrifying impression abroad. ”
    - So what? Is it abroad? What are we?
    Molotov walked around the room. He was very tired and did not cease to worry about his wife.
    “He knows, Lazarus.” He knows everything.
    Molotov went to the window and slightly pushed the curtain aside. It was getting light. Bulganin spoke again:
    - Stalin is preparing the almost complete destruction of the Central Committee. I know this, so we must stop him.
    He looked at Lazarus.
    “You should know about that.” Didn’t Rose tell you anything like that?
    Lazarus flashed his eyes:
    “Rose doesn't tell me anything.” She hardly sees him. He no longer shows interest in her. I’m even afraid for her. Nikolai, the days of amusement in the near dacha have passed. She is just a doctor and only prescribes drugs for him.
    Lazarus suddenly stopped short. Everyone fixed their eyes on him. He, in turn, looked at them. Everyone knew what everyone was thinking. No one said a word. They must trust each other. This was the only way out. Finally, Molotov gathered his courage and asked:
    - What medicines are you talking about?
    The decisive moment has come. Lazarus realized that he let slip and gave out part of his plan. But he also realized that circumstances had changed. He looked around: Molotov, Bulganin, Voroshilov — all old friends and comrades, they trust them, they love their country and, above all, their position in it.
    Voroshilov raised his hand. He usually did this before he wanted to say something, regardless of how many people were in the room, one or a dozen.
    “It is clear to us what we need to do.” A small dose of poison is poured into his wine, but lately it has not been taken for analysis, and he falls into a coma. And with his weak heart, death is inevitable. Only it should not be poison as such, but a medicine accelerating death.
    He spoke like a true connoisseur. Everyone looked at Lazarus. After all, he invited everyone to gather for this meeting.
    “Right, but not quite.” Let's see what we know.
    From the inside pocket, Lazarus pulled out a folded piece of paper and unfolded it. He did not read it, but just kept it just in case.
    -
  15. Gari
    Gari April 13 2013 12: 29 New
    0
    This is the conclusion of Yegorov, the head of the Kremlin hospital. Stalin suffered a minor stroke. But without consequences. A stroke develops as a result of a blockage of cerebral vessels with a blood clot. Stalin did not take medicine for the heart. There are two reasons. First, if the work of the heart muscle is weakened, he would be prescribed digitalis, and, according to Egorov, there are no laboratory methods for determining the level of digitalis in the blood. Hence the second reason: Stalin, as you know, does not take medicine, especially those that cannot be determined in the blood. Fortunately for him, and to our chagrin, he does not need digitalis preparations.
    Molotov jumped up:
    - I know this stuff. Exactly - rat poison.
    “That's right,” Lazarus grinned. “But in microscopic doses, this is the so-called anticoagulant, a blood thinner.” It, in theory, should prevent clogging of blood vessels. Stalin takes two and a half milligrams of dicumarol morning and evening
    .......
    Bulganin smiled:
    - And what about the others? Only George (Malenkov) and Anastas (Mikoyan) have a head on their shoulders, and they have enough intelligence to stay in the shadows. They will not support us, but they will not interfere. Their silence is enough for us.
    “Then ...,” said Lazarus, realizing the full responsibility of the moment. - Then ...
    He again glanced around at everyone nearby. They looked at him in suspense. Then everyone looked at each other in silence. The decision was taken
  16. sichevik
    sichevik April 13 2013 13: 00 New
    +4
    As for me, this is a conspiracy against I.V. Stalin was. On the one hand, Beria wanted to sit him, and on the other hand, Khrushchev. But the bald maize still beat Beria. A huge role in all this was played by G.K. Zhukov, supporting the horsetail. This scum broke through to power.
    1. Yarbay
      Yarbay April 13 2013 19: 44 New
      +6
      Quote: sichevik
      As for me, this is a conspiracy against I.V. Stalin was. WITH

      Of course it was !!
      His surroundings saw him getting old and took advantage of this!
      There is a good oriental proverb — When a lion grows old, jackals begin to play with his eggs !!
  17. Avenger711
    Avenger711 April 13 2013 13: 05 New
    +3
    A stroke for natural reasons is quite, but the failure to provide help during the day is a known fact.
    1. Igarr
      Igarr April 13 2013 13: 25 New
      +3
      So that is all.
      There is nothing more to say.
      Fully support - Avenger711.
      ".. refusal of help during the day fact"- for a person 73 years old is death.
      And all business.
  18. воронов
    воронов April 13 2013 14: 05 New
    +1
    Very interesting article, put a plus
  19. rate
    rate April 13 2013 14: 08 New
    +3
    This article is the content of the book by E. Prudnikova "1953. Deadly games." The source must be indicated to the author. Personally, when I read it, I discovered what a tough man Abakumov was. Under torture, he did not confess to anything. Minister. Flint. Shot. And with him torture was prohibited.
    Prudnikova also described the purge of real Stalinist cadres. Where did Malenkov finish working, and how many were shot. Only this is in another book about Beria.
  20. shpuntik
    shpuntik April 13 2013 14: 48 New
    +4
    Why are you surprised? Who has lived the longest? Quote:
    "All kohens (priests) descended from the first priest Aaron, the brother of Moshe Rabbeinu.
    What does the surname KOGAN (KAGAN) mean?
    This is one of the most common surnames, in some communities up to three to four percent of all Jews carry that surname.
    This surname, as well as Kon, Kan, Kagan, Kaganovich, Kaganovsky and other similar surnames come from the Hebrew word "Cohen" - priest. As a rule, these are the descendants of priests who served in the Jerusalem Temple.
    "Kogan" ("Kagan") is usually a Belarusian pronunciation, and most likely the ancestors of the Kogans lived in Belarus or the Baltic States, where Jews were given surnames at the end of the 18th century, after these regions were annexed to Russia.
    All kohens (priests) descended from the first priest Aaron, the brother of Moshe Rabbeinu. "

    http://toldot.ru/urava/lnames/lnames_3103.html
    1. Igarr
      Igarr April 13 2013 17: 08 New
      -1
      How did you get ...
      illiterate propaganda ....
      "..Kogan" ("Kagan") is usually belorussian pronunciation, and, probably, the ancestors of the Kogans lived in Belarus and ... "- TWO PUNCHING ..
      "... where Jews were given surnames at the end of the 18th century, after the annexation of these regions to Russia. "- do you seriously believe in it? ... The third puncture.

      .
      Too...
      lot..
      to a small remark.
      ....
      I am Russian. I know my pedigree until 1847.
      1. Igarr
        Igarr April 13 2013 17: 18 New
        -1
        Damn ... already got it ...
        comrade from the bulldo writes ... not thinking ...
        Well ... compare ... throat-G- and ordinary Russian, Moscow-G ...
        Kokhan ... Kogan ... is there really no difference in pronunciation .. THROAT ???
        In one case - dear, caressing ..... in another case - some Kogan ... like ... Cast iron ...
        .
        No ... scientists do not really work.
        So .... like DAM .. will allow ... and they write. WRITE
  21. radar75
    radar75 April 13 2013 15: 39 New
    -9
    Well, I don’t know. Maybe there was a conspiracy. I personally would punish such conspirators. For not fishing him back in the 20s
    PS I can imagine how the howl will begin. The button on (-) will break. Well, we started !!!!!!!
    1. Igarr
      Igarr April 13 2013 17: 28 New
      +3
      Nothing will break anywhere.
      You, comrade, have lived and will live.
      Not a gram is you not in courses ... the latest theories ....
      and all things.
      .
      If there were no Stalin, there would be ... Dzhugashvili.
      Or - Saakashvili ...
      ..
      You are our naive ...
      .
      ..
      As I understand it, the Lord did not give free will to everyone.
      Only .. to the understanding.
    2. AK44
      AK44 April 13 2013 23: 50 New
      -3
      radar75 Exactly, together with Ilyich. You are huge +. Although, they will not support us here. SchA and me zaminusutsya as a traitor to the motherland.
  22. I think so
    I think so April 13 2013 15: 44 New
    0
    History will NEVER become an exact science for the simple reason that the FACTS on which everything is based are SUBJECTIVE in the vast majority of cases. The facts of ALMEGA have at all times been subject to DESTRUCTION, DESTRUCTION, and FALSING - ALL subsequent to the events by the GOVERNERS. And it is IMPOSSIBLE under any circumstances to determine who, when and for what it destroyed, distorted, manipulated the facts ...
    And therefore HISTORY - WAS, IS, AND ALWAYS WILL BE A SCIENCES!
    1. Igarr
      Igarr April 13 2013 17: 38 New
      0
      Debatable ..
      The text is good ...
      The logic is right ...
      The conclusion is not true.
      .
      History is a science ... of probabilities ....
      , etc.
      Among other things ... why I stopped being an apologist for the Nosovsky-Fomenko theory.
      ..
      Because ME .. HAS OWN OWN .. history.
      ..
      And all business.
  23. ATATA
    ATATA April 13 2013 16: 05 New
    +4
    There was a conspiracy against Stalin.
    Zionists killed.
    Everything is online.
    And the facts for the conclusions are enough.
    1. ATATA
      ATATA April 14 2013 09: 04 New
      0
      There are hundreds of such speeches around the world every year, and this speech is famous only for its penetration to the surface.

      It is said that, having received the protocol of this speech, Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin decided to do something on the Jewish question.

      A year later, his attempt ended in the poisoning of Stalin himself, his partner, doctor Rosa Kaganovich on the orders of her brother Lazar Kaganovich (see the book of Lazar Kaganovich's American relative, Stuart Kogan "The Kremlin Wolf". Stuart Kahan "The Wolf of the Kremlin" 1987 ).

      This speech briefly formulates a program of organized Judaism at that stage, the middle of the twentieth century.

      This is about the origin of the Cold War, or how we then escaped the Third World War, the attempts to rekindle which were the Korean and Vietnam Wars.
      http://www.dazzle.ru/spec/zrurr.shtml
  24. Atlon
    Atlon April 13 2013 19: 25 New
    0
    The fact that Stalin was helped to die is indisputable. Or, if you like, they didn't help to survive, that's even more accurate. But the MAIN question remains: WHO? I do not mean performers, but "customers". Who are they? And if the Customers are also the CONTRACTORS, then WHY? And if the CUSTOMERS are somewhere out there, over the hill, and the CONTRACTORS are ours, then again ... WHY? After all, if everything is so, it turns out to be completely obscene ... The betrayal did not begin with Gorbachev, but ... In the 53rd ??? Can anyone answer all these questions?
    1. Tverichanka
      Tverichanka April 13 2013 22: 36 New
      +2
      Quote: Atlon
      It didn’t begin with Gorbachev, but ... In the 53rd ??? Can anyone answer all these questions?

      With a full handful of evidence? Most likely no one. But the question itself was posed correctly. And if we analyze all subsequent events (without any conspiracy theories), we will see that gradually, one by one, our positions in the world surrendered. Yes, we armed but nobody really wanted to part with power over the country and wanted to talk with the West on equal terms. But by and large they started to lose precisely with the death of Stalin. I’m still very interested in the question of how our leadership could agree to the Americans refusing to secure the dollar gold? I think it was then that the death sentence of the USSR was signed. IMHO.
      1. fzr1000
        fzr1000 April 14 2013 09: 59 New
        0
        ... + adoption of a policy of peaceful coexistence of 2 systems. This was perceived in the West as our weakness.
  25. pinecone
    pinecone April 13 2013 19: 50 New
    +2
    [Stalin] .. introduced the gold ruble as an alternative to the dollar.

    Wrong. There is such a thing as the "gold standard", which implies the free exchange of paper notes for a gold coin and their parallel circulation in the monetary system of the state, as was the case in tsarist Russia from 1897 to 1914. , as well as in a number of other foreign countries in certain historical periods. In the USSR, this never happened, although the Bolsheviks had plans to return to the gold standard, which was reflected in the minting in the early twenties of a large number of gold coins, the so-called. "Soviet chervontsy", which were used only in international payments.
  26. fzr1000
    fzr1000 April 13 2013 20: 29 New
    +3
    As soon as the company went against rootless cosmopolitans and pest doctors, you yourself know who came under the main blow. And Stalin died quite quickly. Draw your own conclusions.
    1. AK44
      AK44 April 13 2013 23: 48 New
      0
      Do you think repressed doctors really were pests?
      1. fzr1000
        fzr1000 April 14 2013 09: 34 New
        0
        Most of them are unlikely, but you need to be familiar with the documents in order to give an exhaustive answer. But, doctors could be used when it was necessary to eliminate a high-ranking official under the guise of a treatment error. There are more than enough examples in history.
      2. Frunze
        Frunze April 14 2013 20: 52 New
        0
        Frunze, example examples.
  27. Stalinets
    Stalinets April 13 2013 22: 16 New
    +1
    Without a shadow of doubt, we can say that there was a conspiracy and there was a murder. Too many were interested in the speedy disappearance of Joseph Vissarionovich. Call them whatever you want Zionists, Ziono-fascists, Chabadniki, it does not matter. These are not correct names anyway. We will never know the real names. They have too much power in this world. Like Rakovsky - “they.” “They” used their agents, like Mikoyan, to achieve their goals. And Khrushch and Co. are just a lightning-proof tool. The article is good. Plus an article!
  28. AK44
    AK44 April 13 2013 22: 21 New
    -3
    The plot certainly was. Especially the doctors ’case. The evil Jews led the leader of all times and peoples to death, the luminaries of all sciences and his faithful companions. It’s good that the watchful authorities didn’t oversleep, but they pinched the fucking Zhids in full. True, Nikita the traitor let everyone out.
  29. wulf66
    wulf66 April 13 2013 22: 58 New
    +2
    What is HISTORY:

    Of the thousands of known facts, evidence and documents for publication, only those that confirm established hypotheses are selected, and all the rest either lie under the cloth or disavow before the entire scientific world. The story is created with the help of assumptions and adjusted to the framework of axioms approved by the scientific communities. She begins her own life at the moment the event ends, and consists of subjective evidence, false interpretations and interpretations. The chapter inscribed in the annals of history has nothing to do with reality, and is written in such a way as to present in a favorable light those who at that moment “pay for music”.
    The winners write the story. And woe to the vanquished.
    1. Vovka levka
      Vovka levka April 14 2013 02: 25 New
      +1
      And we will never know the truth, because everyone has their own truth.
  30. CAMS
    CAMS April 14 2013 02: 58 New
    -2
    "after all, Stalin said" the apple does not fall far from the apple tree ", but after all, Stalin said" the son does not answer for his father "so she really turned it around as he wanted !!!
  31. Nayhas
    Nayhas April 14 2013 07: 57 New
    0
    Comrades Stalinists, you have already decided. If you think that Stalin was killed, then all the time of his reign he was surrounded by enemies. ALL of his entourage were the enemies of the people, who ultimately destroyed him. If so, then what the hell is he "a genius of all times and peoples"? The whole country loved him selflessly, but he chose dastardly killers as his companions?
  32. atalef
    atalef April 14 2013 08: 09 New
    -1
    Quote: Nayhas
    Comrades Stalinists, you have already decided

    + + + + + + + + + + + + +
    100%, but you won’t get a response. laughing In their eyes, genius is not corrupt and cannot have mistakes a priori.
    Stalin was a monster who annihilated the people indiscriminately, and if they killed him (which I deeply doubt), then there was much for him to avenge, for all the innocently killed, exiled, broken families, selected children. Although most likely God punished him, as symbolically. a man whom the whole country revered as a god, lay alone, on the carpet of his office and no one. no one came to his aid. A man - a wife who has committed suicide, a daughter who has fled to the west and cursing the country and family, associates (whose children, wives and relatives he destroyed) Did he have any enemies - there are reasons for that. If they killed him, it’s great that there was a man who overcame fear and lizobluzhenie and ended the cannibal. Through his (Stalin's) efforts, Russia has turned into what is now and for a long time this distorted consciousness will hover over the country.
    Stalin and Hitler are monsters of the same level.
    1. fzr1000
      fzr1000 April 14 2013 09: 51 New
      +2
      And Fritz Mandel and Reynold Gesner, and Oscar Wasserman and Hans Privin, and James Warburg and Baron Rothschild, and Trebich Lincoln, monsters of what level? Or you do not know who it is?
      1. atalef
        atalef April 15 2013 10: 02 New
        0
        Quote: fzr1000
        And Fritz Mandel and Reynold Gesner, and Oscar Wasserman and Hans Privin, and James Warburg and Baron Rothschild, and Trebich Lincoln, monsters of what level? Or you do not know who it is?

        First of all, we are talking about Stalin. You still Chikatilo remember. None of the people voiced by you was a politician and did not send people to death, to camps, exile with one stroke of a pen. They were also monsters, but not notorious killers. They made money at the expense of love, but did not destroy them, distorting the entire system of power and subordinating it to personal ambitions. They could be opposed, held demonstrations and admitted outright hatred of them - and no consequences for this would have happened. For one word against Stalin - entire families, and sometimes nations, disappeared. Do not equal incompatible. Stalin is not a capitalist, he is a politician and his ambitions exceeded the desire for personal enrichment - undivided power over people with the elimination of even minimal dissent, I’d just say the potential threat to personal power - ignoring the methods, destinies of people, lives.
        Do not compare the incomparable, neither Rothschild nor Rockefeller have signed a single death sentence.
        It is a pity that Stalin did not die earlier, or rather it is a pity that he even appeared. All this clique and all its associates are what he has nurtured. As he did not reckon with methods, they did not reckon with him. Khrushchev flesh from his flesh. Stalin did not reckon with methods; Khrushchev did the same.
        A gang of killers, destroyers of Russia, Lenin, Stalin, Trotsky and others like them.
        Without this gang, Russia would not have lost 100 years of history.
        I don’t understand how this monster can be not only remembered, but also tried to set as an example.
        1. fzr1000
          fzr1000 April 16 2013 20: 25 New
          +2
          Yes, stop, you have not signed a single death sentence. Did you hold a candle? If you want it differently, the result is important, and the result of their actions is known to you - Adolf Hitler.
          What nations disappeared under Stalin? The infuriated tribe was Lenin, Trotsky and company. With them, in the fires of revolution and the flames of civil war, many people died. I am not completely a fan of Stalin, but what was he to do? Stalin had little choice. In the party, maniacs want a world revolution, a conspiracy is brewing in the army, industry has begun to revive, but slowly because there will be a war, food is not supplied fully, the peasantry is not enthusiastic to say the least about the authorities. The external environment is hostile. Germany alone is about the same. So what to do? In hindsight, we are all strong. Your recipe for a happy life in the country in that situation in those years?
  33. My address
    My address April 14 2013 10: 17 New
    +1
    By common sense was.
  34. Stas57
    Stas57 April 14 2013 10: 32 New
    -2
    you forgive me, but the article is just some kind of nightmare, I'm waiting for the next series,
    "Was there a conspiracy against Stalin according to the signs of the zodiac"
  35. _KM_
    _KM_ April 14 2013 14: 37 New
    +1
    Interesting article. Thanks to the author. Comments are also curious.
  36. wax
    wax April 14 2013 19: 12 New
    0
    The whole trouble of the author is that the probability of each event is taken from the ceiling.
    The known facts set forth do not speak of a conspiracy against Stalin (everyone in the leadership of the country and the party did not trust everyone), but of avant-garde manipulations in order to prepare the best conditions for gaining power after Stalin's death (and here everyone tried to outdo his colleagues in their LETHING (Judas) to Stalin .
  37. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee April 15 2013 05: 33 New
    +6
    One thing is clear - I.V. Stalin was the backbone of the USSR after his death, decline, agony and the collapse of the USSR came.
  38. Snoop
    Snoop April 15 2013 11: 04 New
    0
    The investigation is simpler))) It is necessary to answer the question to whom death is most beneficial)))
  39. Alex
    Alex 2 September 2013 11: 16 New
    +2
    Another attempt to interbreed history with mathematics and again failed. It is very difficult to obtain OBJECTIVE results when using SUBJECTIVE data. And the chain of events never consists of FULLY INDEPENDENT events. This does not always happen even in the exact sciences (for example, in chemistry, where often the result of the next stage depends on the course of the previous ones). What can we say about social processes, the inertia of which is simply huge, and the role of subjective and personality factors is quite significant. It is a pity, but so far a fact - the symbiosis has not taken place.

    By the way, Azimov has a whole cycle of novels "The Foundation" (another name is "Foundation"). There, one sociologist of the Galactic empire, Harry Seldon, developed a new direction - statistical sociology, in which he applied the mathematical apparatus of statistical thermodynamics. An interesting idea and it worked. In fiction. And until one super mutant appeared.