“Russian scientists have completed and are preparing for publication the first large-scale study of the gene pool of the Russian people. The publication of the results may have unpredictable consequences for Russia and the world order, ”the publication on this topic in the Russian edition of Vlast begins sensationally. And the sensation really turned out to be incredible - many myths about Russian nationality turned out to be false. It turned out, among other things, that genetically Russians are not “Eastern Slavs” at all, but Finns.
RUSSIAN WERE FINNAMI
Anthropologists have managed for several decades of intense research to reveal the appearance of a typical Russian person. These are of medium build and of medium height, light brown-haired people with bright eyes - gray or blue. By the way, in the course of the research a verbal portrait of a typical Ukrainian was also obtained. The reference Ukrainian differs from Russian in the color of skin, hair and eyes - he is a dark brown brunette with regular features and brown eyes. However, anthropological measurements of the proportions of the human body are not even the past, but the century before last of science, which has long been given the most accurate molecular biology methods that allow all human genes to be read. And the most advanced methods of DNA analysis today are sequencing (reading the letters of the genetic code) of mitochondrial DNA and human Y-chromosome DNA. Mitochondrial DNA has been passed down the female line from generation to generation, almost unchanged since the time when the progenitor of humanity, Eve, climbed down from a tree in East Africa. And the Y chromosome is present only in men and, therefore, is also transmitted almost unchanged to male offspring, while all other chromosomes are passed over by nature when transferred from father and mother to their children, like a deck of cards before distribution. Thus, unlike indirect signs (appearance, proportions of the body), the sequencing of the mitochondrial DNA and the Y-chromosome DNA indisputably and directly indicate the degree of kinship of people, writes the magazine “Power”.
In the West, human population genetics have been successfully using these methods for two decades. In Russia, they were used only once, in the middle of 1990's, when identifying royal remains. The turning point in the situation with the use of the most modern methods for studying the titular nation of Russia occurred only in 2000 year. The Russian Foundation for Basic Research has allocated a grant to scientists from the laboratory of human population genetics at the Medical Genetics Center of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. For the first time in the history of Russia, scientists were able to completely concentrate on studying the gene pool of the Russian people for several years. They supplemented their molecular genetic studies with an analysis of the frequency distribution of Russian surnames in the country. This method was very cheap, but its information content exceeded all expectations: a comparison of the geography of surnames with the geography of genetic DNA markers showed their almost complete coincidence.
Molecular genetic results of the first in Russia study of the gene pool of a titular nationality are now being prepared for publication in the form of a monograph “Russian gene pool”, which will be released at the end of the year in the publishing house “Luch”. The magazine "Power" cites some research data. So, it turned out that the Russians are not “Eastern Slavs”, but Finns. By the way, these studies have completely crushed the notorious myth of the "Eastern Slavs" - that the Belarusians, Ukrainians and Russians allegedly "form a group of Eastern Slavs." The only Slavs of these three nations were only Belarusians, but it turned out that Belarusians are not “Eastern Slavs” at all, but western ones, because they are practically no genetically different from the Poles. So the myth of the “blood of relatives of Belarusians and Russians” turned out to be completely destroyed: the Belarusians turned out to be virtually identical to the Poles, the Belarusians are genetically very far from the Russians, but very close to the Czechs and Slovaks. But the Finns of Finland were for the Russians much more genetically closer than the Belarusians. Thus, on the Y chromosome, the genetic distance between the Russians and the Finns of Finland is just 30 units (close relationship). And the genetic distance between the Russian man and the so-called Finno-Ugric ethnic groups (Mari, Veps, Mordovians, etc.) living in the territory of the Russian Federation is equal to 2-3 units. Simply put, they are genetically IDENTICAL. In this regard, the Vlast magazine notes: “And the tough statement of the Estonian Foreign Minister 1 September at the EU Council in Brussels (after the Russian party denounced the treaty on the state border with Estonia) about the discrimination of the Finno-Ugric peoples allegedly related to Finns in the Russian Federation loses meaningful meaning . But because of the moratorium of Western scientists, the Russian Foreign Ministry could not reasonably accuse Estonia of interfering in our internal, one might even say closely related, affairs. ” This philippic is only one facet of the mass of contradictions that have arisen. Since Finno-Ugrians and Estonians are the closest relatives to Russians (in fact, they are the same people, for the difference in 2-3 units is inherent in only one people), the Russian anecdotes about “hindered Estonians” are strange, when Russians themselves are these Estonians. A huge problem arises for Russia and in the self-identification of itself as supposedly "Slavs", because the Russian people are genetically not related to the Slavs. In the myth of the "Slavic roots of Russian" Russian scientists put a fat point: there is nothing from the Slavs in the Russians. There is only near-Slavic Russian, but 60-70 is in% non-Slavic vocabulary, so the Russian is not able to understand the languages of the Slavs, although a real Slav understands because of the similarity of the Slavic languages - any (except Russian). The results of the analysis of mitochondrial DNA showed that another closest Russian relative, except for the Finns of Finland, is the Tatars: the Russians from the Tatars are at the same genetic distance in 30 conventional units that separate them from the Finns. The data on Ukraine turned out to be no less sensational. It turned out that genetically the population of Eastern Ukraine is the Finno-Ugrians: Eastern Ukrainians are practically no different from Russians, Komis, Mordovians, Mari. This is one Finnish people who once had their own common Finnish language. But with the Ukrainians of Western Ukraine everything turned out to be even more unexpected. This is not at all Slavs, nor is it the “Russofinians” of Russia and Eastern Ukraine, but a completely different ethnos: between Ukrainians from Lviv and Tatars, the genetic distance is only 10 units.
This close relationship between Western Ukrainians and Tatars is probably explained by the Sarmatian roots of the ancient inhabitants of Kievan Rus. Of course, there is a certain Slavic component in the blood of Western Ukrainians (they are more genetically close to the Slavs than the Russians), but this is still not Slavs, but Sarmatians. Anthropologically they are characterized by wide cheekbones, dark hair and brown eyes, dark (and not pink, like Caucasians) nipples. The magazine writes: “One can react in any way to these strictly scientific facts, showing the natural essence of the reference electorates of Viktor Yushchenko and Viktor Yanukovych. But it will not be possible to accuse Russian scientists of falsifying these data: then the accusation automatically spreads to their Western colleagues, who have been slow to publish these results for more than a year, each time extending the moratorium. ” The journal of rights: these data clearly explain the deep and constant split in Ukrainian society, where, under the name "Ukrainians", there are in fact two completely different ethnic groups. Moreover, Russian imperialism will use this scientific data for itself - as another (already weighty and scientific) argument to “increase” the territory of Russia by Eastern Ukraine. But what about the myth of the "Slavic Russians"?
Recognizing these data and trying to use them, Russian strategists meet here what the people call a “double-edged sword”: in this case, you will have to revise the entire national identity of the Russian people as “Slavic” and abandon the concept of “kinship” with Belarusians and the entire Slavic World - no longer at the level of scientific research, but at the political level. The magazine also publishes a map indicating the range on which "true Russian genes" (that is, Finnish) are still stored. Geographically, this territory "coincides with Russia since the times of Ivan the Terrible" and "clearly shows the conventionality of some state borders," the journal writes. Namely: the population of Bryansk, Kursk and Smolensk is not at all the Russian population (that is, Finnish), but the Belarusian-Polish one - identical to the genes of Belarusians and Poles. An interesting fact is that in the Middle Ages the border between VKL and Muscovy was precisely the ethnic border between the Slavs and the Finns (by the way, then the eastern border of Europe passed along it). The further imperialism of Muscovy-Russia, which annexed the neighboring territories, went beyond the framework of ethnic Muscovites and seized already alien ethnic groups.
WHAT IS RUSSIA?
These new discoveries of Russian scientists allow a new look at the entire policy of medieval Muscovy, including its concept of "Rus". It turns out that Moscow’s “dragging the Russian blanket over itself” is explained purely ethnically, genetically. The so-called “Holy Russia” in the concept of the ROC of Moscow and Russian historians was formed after the rise of Moscow in the Horde, and, as Lev Gumilyov wrote, for example, in the book “From Russia to Russia”, according to the same fact, Ukrainians and Belarusians ceased to be Rusyns, ceased to be Rus. It is clear that there were two completely different Rus. One, the Western, lived its life of the Slavs, united in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Russian. Another Russia - Eastern Russia (more precisely, Muscovy - for it was not considered Russia at that time) - entered 300 for years in the ethnically close Horde, in which it then seized power and made it "Russia" even before the conquest of Novgorod and Pskov in Orda Russia. This second Russia, Russia of the Finnish ethnos, is called by the Russian Orthodox Church of Russia and Russian historians “Holy Russia”, while depriving the rights of Western Russia to something “Russian” (forcing even all the people of Kievan Rus to call themselves not Rusyns, but “okraintsami” ). The meaning is clear: this Finnish Russian - had little in common with the original Slavic Russian.
The centuries-old confrontation between the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Muscovy (which seemed to have something in common in Russia of Rurik and the Kiev faith, and the princes of VKL Vitovt-Yury and Yagaylo-Yakov were Orthodox, were Rurik and Grand Princes of Russia, no other language than Russian, they knew) - this is the confrontation of countries of different ethnic groups: the GDL gathered the Slavs, and Muscovy the Finns. As a result, for many centuries two Rus opposed each other - Slavic ONL and Finnish Muscovy. This explains the blatant fact that Muscovy NEVER during her stay in the Horde expressed any desire to return to Russia, to find freedom from the Tatars, to join the ON. And her capture of Novgorod was caused precisely by the negotiations of Novgorod on joining the GDL. This Russophobia of Moscow and its “masochism” (“the Horde yoke is better ON”) can only be explained by ethnic differences with the original Rus and ethnic proximity to the peoples of the Horde. It is precisely this genetic difference with the Slavs that Muscovy’s rejection of the European way of life, the hatred of the GDL and the Poles (that is, the Slavs in general), the great love of the East and Asian traditions are explained. These studies of Russian scientists must be reflected in the revision of their concepts by historians. Including for a long time it is necessary to bring into historical science the fact that there was not one Russia, but two completely different ones: Slavic Russia - and Finnish Russia. This clarification allows us to understand and explain many of the processes in our medieval history, which in the current interpretation still seem to be devoid of any meaning.
Attempts by Russian scientists to investigate the statistics of Russian surnames initially faced a lot of difficulties. The Central Election Commission and local election commissions flatly refused to cooperate with scientists, arguing that they can guarantee the objectivity and fairness of elections to federal and local authorities only if the voter lists are secret. The criterion for inclusion in the list of names was very mild: it was included if at least five carriers of this name lived in the region for three generations. At first lists were compiled for five conditional regions - Northern, Central, Central-Western, Central-Eastern and Southern. In total, in all regions of Russia, there were about 15 thousand Russian surnames, most of which were found only in one of the regions and were absent in the others.
When regional lists overlapped, scientists identified the entire 257 of the so-called “all-Russian surnames”. The magazine writes: “It is interesting that at the final stage of the study, they decided to add the names of residents of the Krasnodar Territory to the list of the Southern Region, expecting that the predominance of Ukrainian names of descendants of the Zaporozhye Cossacks, who were evicted here by Catherine II, would significantly reduce the all-Russian list. But this additional restriction reduced the list of all-Russian surnames to a total of 7 units - to 250. From which flowed the obvious and not all pleasant conclusion that the Kuban is inhabited mainly by Russian people. And what happened to the Ukrainians and whether there were any Ukrainians here is a big question. ” And further: “The analysis of Russian surnames in general provides food for thought. Even the simplest action - the search in it of the names of all the leaders of the country - gave an unexpected result. Only one of them was included in the list of 250 carriers of top All-Russian surnames - Mikhail Gorbachev (158-place). The surname Brezhnev occupies the 3767-place in the general list (found only in the Belgorod region of the Southern region). Surname Khrushchev - on the 4248-th place (found only in the Northern region, Arkhangelsk region). Chernenko took 4749-place (only the South region). Andropov - 8939-place (only the southern region). Putin took 14 250-place (only the South region). But Yeltsin did not fall into the general list at all. The name of Stalin - Dzhugashvili - for obvious reasons, was not considered. But on the other hand, the pseudonym Lenin fell into the regional lists under the 1421 number, losing only to the first USSR President Mikhail Gorbachev. ” The magazine writes that the result amazed even the scientists themselves, who believed that the main difference between the carriers of South Russian surnames is not in the ability to lead a huge power, but in the increased sensitivity of the skin of their fingers and palms. The scientific analysis of dermatoglyphics (papillary patterns on the skin of the palms and fingers) of Russian people showed that the complexity of the pattern (from simple arcs to loops) and the accompanying skin sensitivity increases from north to south. “A man with simple patterns on the skin of his hands can hold a glass of hot tea in his hands,” Dr. Balanovskaya clearly explained the essence of the differences. “And if there are many eyelets, then unsurpassed pickpockets left such people.” Scientists publish a list of 250 most popular Russian surnames. Unexpected was the fact that the most massive Russian surname is not Ivanov, but Smirnov. All this list is given, wrong, not worth it, only 20 of the most popular Russian surnames: 1. Smirnov; 2. Ivanov; 3. Kuznetsov; 4. Popov; 5. Sokolov; 6. Lebedev; 7. Kozlov; 8. Novikov; 9. Morozov; 10. Petrov; 11. Wolves; 12. Soloviev; 13. Vasiliev; 14. Hares; 15. Pavlov; 16. Semenov; 17. Golubev; 18. Vinogradov; 19. Bogdanov; 20. Sparrows All top All-Russian surnames have Bulgarian endings on s (s), plus several surnames on –in (Ilyin, Kuzmin, etc.). And there are no top surnames among the “Eastern Slavs” (Belarusians and Ukrainians) among 250, –––––––––––. Although in Belarus the most common are the names of –– and –ich, and in Ukraine - on –ko. This also shows the deep differences between the "Eastern Slavs", because Belarusian surnames are not the same in –– and ич ich the most common in Poland - and not in Russia at all. The 250 Bulgarian endings of the most popular Russian surnames indicate that the surnames were given by the priests of Kievan Rus, who spread Orthodoxy in Muscovy among its Finns, because these Bulgarian names are from holy books, and not from the living Slavic language, which the Finns didn’t have It was. Otherwise, it is impossible to understand why the Russian surnames are not living at all near the Belarusians (in –– and – ich), and the Bulgarian surnames — although the Bulgarians are not at all bordering with Moscow, but live thousands of miles away. The mass names of animals with the names of animals are explained by Lev Ouspensky in the book “Riddles of Toponymy” (M., 1973) by the fact that in the Middle Ages people had two names - from parents and from baptism, and “from parents” then “was fashionable” beasts. As he writes, then in the family the children had the names Hare, Wolf, Bear, etc. This pagan tradition and embodied in the mass "animal" names.
A special topic in this study is the genetic identity of Belarusians and Poles. This did not become the subject of attention of Russian scientists, because outside of Russia. But it is very interesting for us. The fact of the genetic identity of Poles and Belarusians is not unexpected. The very history of our countries is confirmed to him - the main part of the ethnos of Belarusians and Poles are not Slavs, but Slavicized Western Balts, but their genetic “passport” is so close to Slavic that it would be practically difficult to find differences between Slavs and Prussians, Masurian, Dynova in genes , Yatvyagami and others. That is what unites the Poles and Belarusians, descendants of Slavicized Western Balts. This ethnic community also explains the creation of the Union State of the Commonwealth. The famous Belarusian historian V.U. Lastovsky wrote in the “Short History of Belarus” (Vilnius, 1910) that negotiations on the creation of a Union State of Belarusians and Poles began ten times: in 1401, 1413, 1438, 1451, 1499, 1501, 1563, 1564, 1566, 1567. - and ended for the eleventh time with the creation of the Union in 1569. Where did such persistence come from? Obviously, only from the awareness of the ethnic community, because the ethnos of the Poles and Belarusians was created by dissolving the Western Balts. But the Czechs and Slovaks, who were also part of the Rzecz Pospolita, the first in the history of the Slavic Union of Peoples, no longer felt this degree of closeness, because they did not have the “Baltic component” in themselves. And even more alienation was among the Ukrainians, who saw little ethnic kinship in this and eventually entered into complete confrontation with the Poles. The studies of Russian geneticists make it possible to take a different look at our entire history, for many political events and political preferences of the peoples of Europe are largely due to the genetics of their ethnic group - which has so far remained hidden from historians. It is the genetics and genetic affinity of ethnic groups that were the most important forces in the political processes of medieval Europe. The genetic map of nations, created by Russian scientists, makes it possible to look at wars and alliances of the Middle Ages from a completely different angle.
The results of studies of Russian scientists on the gene pool of the Russian people will long be assimilated in society, because they completely refute all our ideas, reducing them to the level of unscientific myths. This new knowledge is necessary not only to understand how to get used to them. Now the concept of “Eastern Slavs” has become completely unscientific, unscientific are the congresses of Slavs in Minsk, where not Slavs from Russia come together, but Russian-speaking Finns from Russia who are not genetically Slavic and have no relation to Slavs. The very status of these "congresses of Slavs" is completely discredited by Russian scientists. The Russian people were named after the results of these studies by Russian scientists, not Slavs, but Finns. The Finns also named the population of Eastern Ukraine, and the population of Western Ukraine is genetically Sarmatians. That is, the Ukrainian people are not Slavs either. The only Slavs from the "Eastern Slavs" are genetically named Belarusians, but they are genetically identical to the Poles - which means they are not at all "Eastern Slavs", but genetically Western Slavs. In fact, this means the geopolitical collapse of the "Eastern Slavs" Slavic Triangle, for the Belarusians were genetically Polish, the Russians Finns, and the Ukrainians Finns and Sarmatians. Of course, propaganda will continue to conceal this fact from the population, but you will not conceal the sewing in a bag. Neither do scientists close their mouths, do not hide their latest genetic research. Scientific progress cannot be stopped. Therefore, the discoveries of Russian scientists are not just a scientific sensation, but a BOMB capable of undermining all the existing foundations in the ideas of peoples. That is why the Russian magazine Vlast gave this fact an extremely worried assessment: “Russian scientists have completed and are preparing for publication the first large-scale study of the gene pool of the Russian people. Publicizing the results may have unpredictable consequences for Russia and the world order. ”The journal did not exaggerate.