Military Review

Arzamas Machine-Building Plant

Report on the visit of the Arzamas machine-building plant. In general, the purpose of the trip was to highlight the visit of Dmitry Rogozin to AMZ and GAZ, but I decided to concentrate more on the enterprise itself and the products. I know you are more interested. The report will consist of two parts. The first is about AMZ, Tigers, armored personnel carriers and various figures on them, and the second part is about the GAZ plant in Nizhny Novgorod, exhibits of a small exhibition arranged for the arrival of Rogozin, and a body welding shop for Skoda and Volkswagen cars.

Arzamas Machine-Building Plant, which is part of Military Industrial Company LLC, is one of the leading enterprises in Russia in the production of wheeled armored vehicles and a leading enterprise in the machine-building industry of the Nizhny Novgorod Region. AMZ was founded in 1972 year as the Arzamas Automobile Spare Parts Plant of the Gorky Automobile Production Association. In 1980, the plant produced the first army armored personnel carrier, and in 1981, it already produced the first batch of special vehicles.

GAZ-233114 Tiger-M multi-purpose assembly line

Multi-purpose vehicle GAZ-233114 Tigr-M from different angles

The plant specializes in the production of wheeled armored vehicles, the most famous models of mass-produced products are rightfully armored personnel carriers BTR-80 and BTR-82, multi-purpose vehicles of the Tiger family, BMM medical vehicles, wheeled repair and recovery vehicles BREM-K, and unified chassis UNM.

AMZ has a wide geography of supplies, Russian armored personnel carriers and armored vehicles of the Tiger family are highly popular in the armies and law enforcement agencies of Algeria, Hungary, China, Congo, Indonesia, Sudan, Djibouti, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Uruguay, Colombia, Venezuela, etc. In some countries, deployed licensed production of armored vehicles.

The Tigr-M armored car is equipped with a YMZ-534 diesel engine with turbocharging and HP 215 power.

The purpose of the visit of Dmitry Rogozin was to get acquainted with the achievements of the largest Russian manufacturer of wheeled armored vehicles, as well as to hold a meeting on the production of light wheeled and armored vehicles.
During the meeting, the Deputy Prime Minister paid special attention to the modernization of the production process of the equipment included in the state defense order, developing rules of the game between the state and business, increasing the share of private capital in the defense industry, creating a fundamentally new scientific and technical background in the industry.

Alexander Zolotarev, Managing Director of AMZ OJSC, said that in 2013, the volume of output would be 916 BTR armored personnel carriers of various modifications and STS "Tigr"

Of the planned 916 products, 770 will comprise BTR modifications, of which 290 are units. will be delivered to the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, 400 pcs. produced by Rosoboronexport and subcontractors and 80 pcs. - repair by technical condition. In the 2013 year, it is planned to release and supply 146 armored vehicles of the Tiger family to customers, of which 65 is on the domestic market and 81 on the outside.

GAZ-233114 Tigr-M during assembly, without wheels

A significant part of the AMZ presentation was devoted to the analysis of complaints and identified defects during the production and operation of armored vehicles. Alexander Zolotarev said that the company had thoroughly investigated the reasons leading to the complaint and took steps to eliminate them. Thus, in 2012, AMZ’s warranty fleet comprised 3425 products, of which 3180 BTR of various modifications and 245 armored vehicles of the “Tiger” family. In this case, 2012 BTR and 567 STS Tiger were advertised in 253.

In 2012, AMZ’s warranty was based on 245 products of the “Tiger” family, and there were complaints about 253 machines.
After the analysis of the claims of customers and operators, it was established that the main systems failing are (in% of the total number of defects):
- electrical equipment 29%
- Transmission 20%
- body 16%
- brake system 12%
- engine 11%
- hydraulic system 6%
- tire loading system 2%
- power supply system 2%
- wheels 1%
- other 1%

Elements of the front suspension Tigr-M

By the nature of occurrence defects STS "Tiger" are divided into:
1. Production defects 28.5%: presence of air in the brake system, poor quality pumping of the brake system;
2. Defects of suppliers 32.9%: failure to calibrate the SRDVS unit, defects YAMZ;
3. Operational 36.6%: non-observance of the distance of movement, destruction of the winch case in case of improper operation, movement when the bridges are permanently turned on.
In 2011, the detected defects of the Tigger were distributed 36.66%, 26.38% and 36.96%, respectively.

Rear suspension

Salon armored Tiger-M in the assembly process

GAZ-233036 SPM-2 of one of the units of the riot police for warranty repairs

According to the identified defects of various modifications of the BTR, a similar situation develops. 3180 is advertised from the 567 warranty BTR. The main defects in the BTR, identified in 2012 year (in% of the total number of defects):
- Transmission 27.8%
- electrical equipment 24.8%
- engine 17.8%
- hydraulic system 8.5%
- brake system 4.4%
- tire loading system 3.3%
- body 3%
- power supply system 2.3%
- weapons 0.2%
- other 7.9%


The defects in the production and operation of the BTR in the year 2012 were distributed according to the nature of occurrence as follows (in% of the total):
1. Production defects 23.7%: speedometer, hydraulic lock, axle gearbox, transfer case;
2. Defects of suppliers of components 35.3%: clutch, PZD, automatic protection, starter, electric motor, power steering;
3. Incorrect operation of 40.6%: coolant leaking from the cylinder head, worn clutch discs, gear shift drive is malfunctioning, failure of the circuit breaker and starter failure, destruction of the transfer case shaft and gearbox destruction.

BTR-82A in AMZ assembly shop

According to the representatives of the plant, thanks to the systematic work to improve the quality of the products and components supplied, last year the plant managed to change the ratio of defects by the nature of occurrence. In the 2011, the identified BTR defects were distributed 34.84%, 37.49% and 27.67%, respectively.

A staffing card is available on each item.

BTR-82А almost ready for delivery to the customer

Particularly attentive can notice a bent wheel and a practically worn tread design on this BTR-82А. These wheels are installed on the machine for movement in the shop.

In addition, during the presentation, representatives of AMZ voiced their proposals for the implementation of imports of a number of components due to the low quality of domestic counterparts and non-compliance with delivery times.
According to AMZ management, at present there is a need to consider options for finding and purchasing in foreign markets the following range of components: electrical connectors, sensors, relays, switches, bearings, clamps, lamps, generators, non-ferrous castings, heaters, oils and lubricants.

BTR-82A, rear view

The process of assembling armored personnel carriers

BTR-80 armored personnel carrier for UN supplies

Chassis elements BTR-80

Salon BTR-80 in the assembly process

Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin examines the exhibition at AMZ


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  1. Nicholas C.
    Nicholas C. 28 February 2013 08: 38
    Normal working enterprise. Good report.
    Road going by walking.
  2. Trailer
    Trailer 28 February 2013 08: 54
    It seems that I should be proud that we have such a plant. But here is the floor of the article about its shortcomings, shortcomings, and a worthy conclusion that foreign components are needed.
    1. Alex45
      Alex45 28 February 2013 10: 10
      Also drew attention to the fact that they are considering the possibility of purchasing imported components. As a result, everyone is aware of the refusal to purchase Iveco, but few in the public imagine in which countries the components are produced (which may replace domestic ones) with military equipment. That is, while developing the defense industry, we must not forget that factories producing civilian products often produce very poor quality products. And if in everyday life we ​​can afford to purchase a foreign analogue instead of Russian goods, then here we need to raise our level.

      I would like to add to the above, I rejoice when the equipment park is being updated at the enterprise where I work, and at other enterprises too. But look at the machine tools of which producer countries come to replace the Soviet ones (Taiwan, USA, China, Germany, Italy, Japan, etc.). If necessary, we can abandon almost everything foreign that surrounds us in everyday life, but everything that is required for the production of life necessities in civil time and (God forbid) in the military should be domestic.

      And for the article +

      And yet, who will tell you how many (approximately) "tigers" have been released for the entire time, otherwise the phrase about the quality in the context in which it is present in the article causes bewilderment:
      .... In 2012, under the guarantee of AMZ, there were 245 products of the Tiger family, complaints about 253 machines were received.
    2. Samaritan
      Samaritan 28 February 2013 23: 34
      Well, duck should be glad that they are writing the truth, otherwise lately everything is in pink glasses, and the problems will be fixed !!!
      Good luck to the guys !!!
    3. Timoha
      Timoha April 9 2013 17: 04
      This is the policy of Deripaska holding. and not only him. So they ruined the Volga, almost completely stuffed Gazelle and Valdai with imports. In the same way, they turned down the production of engines at ZMZ, and started with increasing the quality requirements for components from subcontractors. due to the lack of progress (type) - the purchase of imported starters, generators, the production of liners was sold to the Japanese ...
  3. avt
    avt 28 February 2013 09: 27
    good Photo story is good +
    1. bask
      bask 28 February 2013 13: 49
      Quote: avt
      Photo story is good +

      I agree, the article is good. But still how much it holds. ,, Tiger ,,: A or ,, Tiger, according to STANEG ON DEFENSE PROTECTION in TE, under the wheel and underside.? And what ballistic protection. This also applies BTR-82. The article is not a word about these basic indicators.
  4. Strezhevchanin
    Strezhevchanin 28 February 2013 10: 23
    4th gas shock absorber and backup !!! E-May, how much does this hood weigh belay
    On one batre, the front left disc is jammed, chtol was chased for fishing lol
    1. mejik
      mejik 28 February 2013 14: 47
      they wrote somewhere about this photo with a dent in the drive side, the run on the range after the conveyor BeTeRs is held on used wheels, then they change their shoes ..
  5. Alikovo
    Alikovo 28 February 2013 10: 23
    I liked the civilian version
    1. Strezhevchanin
      Strezhevchanin 28 February 2013 10: 44
      A woman sitting next to her said the phrase: "Glamorous car" almost gave hi
      1. fero
        fero 28 February 2013 19: 33
        Where is the glamor here? belay
        Brutal thing good
  6. Rriv
    Rriv 28 February 2013 11: 14
    3 wheel of an armored personnel carrier - used?
  7. Alex45
    Alex45 28 February 2013 11: 29
    Quote: RRiv
    3 wheel of an armored personnel carrier - used?

    Excerpt from the text of the article:
    ... Particularly attentive may notice a bent rim and an almost worn tread pattern on this BTR-82A. Such wheels are installed on cars for movement in the workshop.
  8. Kostyanich
    Kostyanich 28 February 2013 12: 07
    start fishing it is better to ride an armored troop-carrier or a tiger? laughing
  9. Alex45
    Alex45 28 February 2013 12: 32
    So far, judging by the ratio of armored personnel carriers and "Tiger" issued during the year and returned on complaints during the same period, the armored personnel carrier looks more acceptable.

    And indeed, if you are fishing on an armored personnel carrier, you can not take a boat. laughing
  10. SerAll
    SerAll 28 February 2013 12: 45
    Good day to all!
    When will it be possible to order a national "Tiger" in the internet? and there should be a configurator, with a choice of engine, suspension, cabin configuration, etc. etc.! to make a car for yourself ... LED headlights, swivel xenon, rubber to choose from, forged vice, and transplant our deputies onto them! and those in power! GDP on "wolf"
  11. smprofi
    smprofi 28 February 2013 12: 47
    Rogozin is doing well ...
    and ORSIS rifles because ... Rogozin Alexey Dmitrievich quite by accident Deputy General Director of the Promtechnologii Group of Companies - ORSIS (see here:

    "Tiger" is a wonderful car because:

    By the way, what is the salary of the Deputy Prime Minister? And how much is this "tuned" for the "tall face" "Tiger" really worth?
    1. mejik
      mejik 28 February 2013 14: 50
      tyr five hundred, not well, and a contract for advertising ...
  12. honest jew
    honest jew 28 February 2013 16: 20
    Where are those screamers who screamed that Putin is ruining Russia and the army? It can be seen that Russia is rising! I look at photos and my eyes are happy ...
    1. 570
      570 28 February 2013 21: 34
      What to rejoice ??? Have you seen what kind of performance cars come from the factory ???
  13. Internal combustion engine
    Internal combustion engine 28 February 2013 17: 15
    If not export, this plant would not exist now. However, everything is still ahead.
  14. Clueless
    Clueless 28 February 2013 18: 59
    looking at the first photos I can’t understand ... they paint something after it was installed on a car that was almost assembled? request

    because the color is clearly not the topic, and they are some shaggy
  15. fero
    fero 28 February 2013 19: 30
    By the nature of occurrence defects STS "Tiger" are divided into:
    1. Production defects 28.5%: presence of air in the brake system, poor quality pumping of the brake system;
    2. Defects of suppliers 32.9%: failure to calibrate the SRDVS unit, defects YAMZ;
    3. Operational 36.6%: non-observance of driving distance, destruction of the winch housing during improper operation, movement with the bridge lock constantly on.
    In 2011, the detected defects of the Tigger were distributed 36.66%, 26.38% and 36.96%, respectively.

    Along the way, someone crashed into someone lol
  16. Krasnoyarsk
    Krasnoyarsk 28 February 2013 19: 54
    It's good that the "Tiger" was brought to mind, otherwise I saw the tiger of the first issues, all in rust, welded seams like on Chinese bikes, but about the interior it is worth keeping silent, but now the car has worked out and now looks like candy.
    1. 570
      570 28 February 2013 21: 46
      nothing better than Tiger 2 from the first cars. The frame, as it was weak, remains (bends), the brake system (you don’t know where the car will be thrown or even disappear); Armor bursts and rusts; Rubber eats for 30000; he cuts hairpins on wheels for 300-400 km (always a dozen in stock); the door locks are weak, the doors themselves constantly open or vice versa do not open; The stove is it is it is not there; Conder dies in the first two months; The bottom is not armored, armor packages burst. One joy was the Brazilian engine, and even ours were smart with the high-pressure fuel pump, there is a 12V fuel cell sensor, and the whole system is 24V (when only God knows, it burns).
  17. RPD
    RPD 28 February 2013 20: 50
    someone's marriage rate is a bit high
  18. rubber_duck
    rubber_duck 28 February 2013 21: 23
    Of the planned 916 products, 770 will comprise BTR modifications, of which 290 are units. will be delivered to the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, 400 pcs. produced by Rosoboronexport and subcontractors and 80 pcs. - repair by technical condition. In the 2013 year, it is planned to release and supply 146 armored vehicles of the Tiger family to customers, of which 65 is on the domestic market and 81 on the outside.

    Is this OK? Does the factory work for Russia or the enemy ?!

    And the "Tiger" has to be done, and since it is on the assembly line, according to reviews from the troops, it should be finished. Whatever happens, as under Serdyukov: "And let's send all of them together with cars and factories nah ... th and order somewhere the armored car of our dreams" ...
  19. armorboy1
    armorboy1 28 February 2013 21: 24
    this is a fuel filter under the wheel ..... with a slight detonation all the fucking pipes will fly apart and the car will get up

    1. 570
      570 28 February 2013 21: 50
      Where did you see the filter ??? he stands upstairs for the high-pressure fuel pump.
    2. go
      go 1 March 2013 00: 40
      Yes, there are a lot of tubes sticking out if you look closely - copper from the brake hydraulics generally protrude under the bottom of the rear wheel - there is not only an explosion, but you can tear it off-road. The radiator is not protected, just as the pipes stick up from it upstairs - if it hits and the car gets up, it will flood the generator, which is below, with antifreeze. A trifle - but why the headlights are not protected by a grid - tea will not ride on asphalt ... Until the end they cannot do well. The idea is good, i.e. compared to UAZ, this is of course progress, but they cannot do it to the end. This car is still for the army. I looked and thought - a domestic car is still not a foreign car, even if piece production - we lack organization in detail. To be honest with Iveco, the Tiger needs to be tested for explosion resistance and operational reliability. This is also described failures.

      But the APCs were still the same shell ....

      In general, you need to bring it up - you need to talk about this to Rogozin, and not look exel plates on the screen with an increase in production.
      1. 570
        570 3 March 2013 16: 51
        off-road, the car is better than an armored personnel carrier, as soon as they did not drive the car or they did not tear anything off, the only minus came off the breather hoses that go to the top and the radiators clogged (washed with water from the hose and the car is ready). The clutch on the car is ceramic, so far there are no problems. Bottom armor on Tiger "0"
  20. Volkhov
    Volkhov 28 February 2013 22: 17
    This series of "Tygrov" to Syria, taking into account the chemical. and nuclear danger - for the first time there are FVUs (such tanks on top of the back of the Soviet still colors from some reserve of nuclear war) - somehow the impending prospect is not happy.
    Professional patriots are habitually happy about "more equipment for the army" - the strange word "why" has died out, it seems, together with Latin and logic. The experience of Chelyabinsk says that those who are not in the Tigris will not even turn on the siren, and we do not have Israel, where there are centers for issuing gas masks.
  21. Boomer
    Boomer 28 February 2013 23: 07
    class! smile good are they sold in civilian form?
  22. Sunscorpion
    Sunscorpion 1 March 2013 01: 00
    Everything would be fine if not for so many refusals. Can you imagine, albeit roughly, more than 30% of the failures of new military equipment in an alliance? True, judging by the announced figures, almost the same amount falls on poor-quality supplies of intermediaries and improper operation. And this is most likely the main reason, but the result is important. What can I say - down with such intermediaries, otherwise the guys got drunk, they know that they are sitting on the state order and he "shavaets" everything so you can not strain yourself. It remains only to beat such intermediaries with a ruble once and to develop a network of auxiliary stations of military MTS in the places of main operation two, in fact, as it was already 20 years ago.
    1. Volkhov
      Volkhov 3 March 2013 12: 26
      Look carefully at the suspension - in it the geometry is such that with different traction of the wheels during braking there is a torque on the steering wheel - therefore it throws it during braking ... that is, the Tiger constantly fights with itself.
      It was assembled from what it was - an armored personnel carrier suspension, but the body is not bearing, when they overloaded the armor, the frame began to bend ... that is, it was not the aggregate suppliers who were to blame, but the general layout.
      If there is no way to redesign the suspension, then it would be possible to switch to a supporting body and all steered wheels - then the rear pair will compensate for the front one.
  23. SKR
    SKR 12 May 2013 20: 23
    Is there anyone here from this factory?

    YOU at the plant was the CEO Sergey Shalimov .... He stayed only a year. At our factory, he was also 1.5 years old, and he took it. I would like to know what trace he left there after himself. And also with him, some shots left our factory in Arzamas. In particular, Sviridov, and others. After the release of Shalimov, the same returned back to Barnaul. How did they prove themselves there?