Russia is reviving the machine tool industry by creating unique units

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Russia is reviving the machine tool industry by creating unique units

The Sterlitamak Machine Tool Plant, founded in the middle of the last century, is today one of the backbone enterprises of modern Russia. It is worth noting that our country has managed not only to preserve the production potential of the enterprise established in the Soviet era, but also continues to develop it.

Thus, in Sterlitamak, at the NPO Stankostroenie, a machine was created that is at the same time the most complex, modern and largest.

The uniqueness of the unit lies in the fact that it is finishing and is capable of processing large-sized products. Today, machines for honing processing of such large parts are created only in Germany, Japan, the USA and Russia.



But this is not the most important thing. The main feature of the device is that it is designed to produce parts from other machines. In other words, it's a giant machine tool.

In addition, as stated at the enterprise, the unit is used to produce parts for machine tools that are currently inaccessible to Russia due to sanctions pressure from the West. This applies to units in mechanical engineering, aircraft manufacturing and others related to the military-industrial complex.

A unique machine was created thanks to funding from the IDF (Industrial Development Fund). That is, with the support of the state, for which today the topic of machine tool building is one of the priorities.

In the 90s, many enterprises stopped, and the industry itself was on the brink of survival. The first steps towards its resurrection were taken already at the beginning of the XNUMXs. However, most of the equipment was still imported from abroad.

The situation changed dramatically after the start of the Russian military offensive and the introduction of unprecedented sanctions by the West. As a result, today unique units are being created in Russia, similar to the one built by engineers and designers of NPO Stankostroeniya. And in general, our country is rapidly reviving an industry that is most important for economic development.

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  1. +6
    April 17 2024 11: 19
    Thank God they began to revive the machine tool industry, without them industry would not be industry. If you want independence, do it yourself.
    1. +8
      April 17 2024 13: 26
      Quote: forester
      Thank God they began to revive the machine tool industry, without them industry would not be industry. If you want independence, do it yourself.

      I am reporting the results of the revival of machine tool manufacturing in Russia with a small possible error. Interested parties can Google the Internet themselves.
      1 In terms of consumption of machine tools, Russia is in 7th place in the world with a share of 2,7% of the world volume.
      2 In terms of production of machine tools, Russia is in 20th place in the world with a share of ATTENTION!!!! 0,4% percent of the world.
      3 The share of imported machines in the annually replaced fleet in Russia is 92%. (That is, they have only 8% of their machines on the domestic Russian market.)
      Conclusions. It’s good that there is such news, but there is still work to be done in the machine tool industry!
      1. -1
        April 19 2024 05: 14
        What year are your numbers? Everything has changed a lot in the last three.
        1. +1
          April 22 2024 17: 11
          In the last 2 years did you mean?
          Yes there are changes.
          The most significant according to paragraph 2.
          Now it’s not 0,4%, but approximately 0,8%. The rest has not changed fundamentally.
  2. KCA
    +5
    April 17 2024 11: 20
    Production died down in the 90s, we’ll buy everything, but STANKIN continued to teach students and make his own developments, so they waited for work
  3. +6
    April 17 2024 11: 21
    God forbid! Unfortunately, very, very much was lost. Good news. Surely, behind this success there is some kind of strong personality. There are directors who were able to drag their enterprises through all these perestroika-shootouts.
  4. kvv
    +3
    April 17 2024 11: 24
    the production of means of production is the basis of a developed economy, as we were taught in Soviet universities, but effective managers came and said that we would buy any means of production for oil and destroyed the machine tool industry, and indeed any production
  5. +3
    April 17 2024 11: 28
    A good thing, of course, but honing is a rather specific operation and is used in few places. The most common machines are CNC machining centers. At our enterprise there are mainly US ones, and after well-known events - Chinese ones. Good machines allow you to obtain excellent tolerances and surfaces, but the price (especially for the tool) is very high. A worthy replacement has not yet been found on the Russian market (I don’t know the details; other specialists are doing this specifically).
  6. +1
    April 17 2024 11: 30
    Now we need to reorient training from managers to engineers
    1. +1
      April 17 2024 11: 40
      Which will require an increase in the salaries of mechanical engineers, which will increase the cost of production, which will reduce the level of consumption... And the circle will close
      1. -1
        April 17 2024 12: 14
        What will require an increase in the salary of mechanical engineers, which will increase the cost of products, which will reduce the level of consumption
        You can’t say the same about American or European industry.
        1. +3
          April 17 2024 14: 53
          You can’t say the same about American or European industry. this is one of the reasons why WORLDWIDE industry fled at one time all to China...
          There was Westinghouse in the USA - and it ended.
          Detroit was the automotive capital, and now they sell houses there for 100 bucks. The city (a million people!!) is bankrupt
          1. 0
            April 17 2024 17: 14
            WORLD industry fled at one time all to China
            Worldwide - you said it strongly! The entire knowledge-intensive and high-tech industry remained in the country of origin. These are primarily engineering and scientific personnel. Light industry and screwdriver assembly have gone abroad, the products of which are simply not profitable to produce with expensive labor force. Trump started bringing industry back, but the shitcrats stopped him
            1. +1
              April 17 2024 18: 39
              The entire knowledge-intensive and high-tech industry remained in the country of origin. Read about Westinghouse - everything is cool there.
              Moreover, the whole American nuclear power plant is such a joke that you can make comedies about it....
              For example this...
              Late 1970s all US nuclear power plants began to deduct % of each kilowatt (conditionally!) for the construction of a nuclear waste storage facility and production for this purpose under the STATE program.
              At the end of the 1990s, it turned out that there were no money. Then again..
              With that same mother later 40 (!!!) years, they developed technical specifications for the design (!!!).
              The vulgar nuclear power plant workers thought that they had already allocated money for 16 storage facilities at current prices; they were going to build 1 belay
              And so it is almost everywhere - everything is at the level of suddenly opening doors at Boeing
              1. +1
                April 18 2024 10: 26
                There, even Boeing flies, but Tu, Il, Yak, An are digital, that is, almost silent, there is nothing to open in flight
          2. 0
            April 18 2024 12: 31
            And that Russia produces as many cars as the USA. In the USA there are more than 8 million, but here we don’t reach a million per year
    2. +3
      April 17 2024 16: 18
      Quote: Dutchman Michel
      Now we need to reorient training from managers to engineers

      Like this, just “change the sign in the dorm”? Are there any basics for this? What textbooks will we use and what will we teach? Chernavsky Sergey Aleksandrovich is alive? https://www.bookvoed.ru/author?id=35407
      The latest (real) edition of his textbook “Design of Mechanical Gears” dated 1984 (5th edition with the stamp of the SZPI library) lies in front of me on the table. And the 7th edition is fake:
      https://www.ozon.ru/product/proektirovanie-mehanicheskih-peredach-uchebnoe-posobie-studentam-vuzov-kozintsov-boris-322420216/
      see the content is the same - nothing has been added there. We will use videos from YouTube to teach “what are profile guides and carriages” and “What is a ball screw”?
      https://youtu.be/N8BRclLcEgc
      What is a Ball Screw Ball Screw?
      https://youtu.be/GJW0XrOBJT4
      https://youtu.be/2e-MnBm8YRA
      Or according to foreign price lists for components? We do not have our own bearings for linear motion systems:
      http://www.tehburo.ru/
      But this is not the worst thing, in theory it would be possible to build a new ball bearing plant that would make them, BUT... There are no GOST standards for these bearings, and therefore they are not in Chernavsky’s book - all this is absent there as a class. Moreover, there are not even toothed belt drives, but only V-belt drives, so it’s even possible to make a banal 3M/5M pulley
      https://darxton.ru/catalog_section/remni-i-shkivy/
      There are no drawings and no GOST standards, and there are still no drawings for the manufacture of modular cutters for milling these pulleys. If this is not the case, then what will we teach? Moreover, assembling machines. Have you all seen fairy tales about import substitution? And now, let's look at what they don't tell dummies:
      https://linear-tech.ru/
      https://www.hiwin.info/
      but even those hobbyists who assemble machines for their shed know this very well..
      1. -2
        April 17 2024 17: 15
        What textbooks will we use and what will we teach?
        That's the whole point. There are also translated editions. And very good ones. Motivation is needed for this, but it’s not there yet.
        1. +2
          April 17 2024 18: 13
          Quote: Dutchman Michel
          There are also translated editions. And very good ones.
          Good translations (and localizations) as a rule only come from those who do it for free, simply from the heart and without haste, and knowing the topic well. Technical translations have their own specifics.
          Beware of Professional Analyzes like LO TsNITI:
          https://www.locniti.ru/
          when they transfer to “otchepis” (for money), it turns out like this:
          https://youtu.be/hTFUrcfBcGI
          and the result is predictable in advance:
          https://disk.yandex.ru/i/iWMk-v4qZ_ST0Q
          Even the up and down milling was mixed up in some places, and this is already sabotage... hand-to-hand, I had to urgently intervene and shovel everything for free, including the documentation, which, thank God, they didn’t get into:
          https://disk.yandex.ru/d/qgCLuaaNwUfdFg
          Do you think anyone needs this? - yes, we don’t even have a service where it would be possible to dump all this into the public domain, and I alone have translations (my personal ones) only on the topic of CAD, about 10GB on HDD, but it is only interesting to hobbyists and is accessible to them, but not for training .
  7. 0
    April 17 2024 11: 37
    Quote from Andy_nsk
    A good thing, of course, but honing is a rather specific operation and is used in few places.

    Came to the plant in 1977. Honing was no longer used. But the tool itself - the honing plates - remained. They are good for running circles. I can’t even believe that my profession will become in demand again!!!
    1. +2
      April 17 2024 14: 43
      Quote: Michael55
      I can’t even believe that my profession will become in demand again!!!
      “Honing” didn’t disappear anywhere, google: “honing the cylinder block”:
      https://centr-to.ru/blog/avtoservis/honingovanie-cilindrov
      https://блоки-головки-шатуны.рф/технологии/что-такое-хонингование-блока-цилиндр/
      It’s just that, sorry, this is the level of car services and underground garage cooperatives, not factories. So, it was always “in demand”. Well, the manufacture of machines for honing cylinders is a normal hack job at a factory for men, I did this myself. The easiest way is to make machines for 1 cylinder (for motorcyclists, walk-behind tractors, etc.) I generally did these in one goof, even without a partner (for private personal injury). Previously there was a term “handicraft production”, so “honing” is what it is...
  8. 0
    April 17 2024 11: 39
    Well, yes, without machine tool building there will be no industry, at least in our situation this is the case.
  9. +2
    April 17 2024 11: 46
    Russia is reviving the machine tool industry by creating unique units

    Less than thirty years later, she was reborn.
  10. 0
    April 17 2024 11: 56
    Such news is like a balm for the soul, it really makes me happy
  11. +1
    April 17 2024 12: 56
    From the point of view of a bureaucrat, the visible results are a machine or a car. But in reality, they are assembled like a construction set from cubes of available technologies. There is no refractory clay or carbide cutter - and the entire industry is paralyzed. There is no crankshaft liner - our engines knock after a hundred thousand kilometers. A trifle, but what is the result? And there are tens of thousands of such brick cubes! In the absence of market motivation and the total domination of bureaucracy, without a bureaucrat-boss attached to each such element, state planning and state funding, these productions will collapse!
    The clearest example is AvtoVAZ. Billions should have been given not to the parent enterprise with its conveyor-screwdriver assembly, but to the production of components. Today, he has strangled his suppliers, and assembles cars from imported components.
    .
    All the building blocks must be maintained, but there is also the possibility of creating new ones. Today we can significantly reduce costs and nullify the technological superiority of the West if we invest in additive technologies. Electrical surfacing, electroerosion and computer control of these processes. It is necessary to unite the efforts of three industries, which is impossible using market methods, although all the necessary technologies in our country were created by 2011... Then the same Perm machine can be stamped ten times faster and cheaper....
  12. +4
    April 17 2024 13: 39
    There won’t be any special breakthrough in the machine tool industry while the same people who destroyed the entire industry are in power.
    1. +1
      April 18 2024 10: 48
      There won’t be any special breakthrough in the machine tool industry while the same people who destroyed the entire industry are in power. are you talking about those people - who have 1980 machines worked in factories 1930h from the Third Reich?
      1. +1
        April 18 2024 16: 53
        Whose factories operated 1980s machines from the Third Reich in the 1930s?

        Yeah, that's just how they worked. There were no others.
        What a mania for distorting everything and everyone.
        1. 0
          April 18 2024 19: 45
          Yeah, that's just how they worked. There were no others. - were. And they even exported a lot. About 1/3 of it went to the countries of the socialist camp for free, to Africa according to American schemes with a Soviet touch - like a loan and then the loan was written off..

          What a mania for distorting everything and everyone. At the end of the 90s, a relative retired. He worked at a machine plant as a press mechanic - from those 1930s.
          When the press broke, the chief engineer asked the general director Merin and went to beg for him to come out and take a look.
          The students didn’t last long; they paid little, and a relative had that character.
          We drank a glass of whiskey on the hood of the Merina - so that they could see everything, and drove off.
          I repaired/set up, took 200 bucks, finished off the whiskey on Merina.
          After which the chief engineer yelled at the entire plant that “Gender is a homosexual!!”
          This was an OFFICIAL requirement - he could even go out for free, but Gelding and shouting are sacred... lol fellow

          So he said that about 1/4 of the machines Germans- pre-war, with an eagle and a swastika. And half of the remaining - Germans - 1950s - early 1960s
          The rest are ours and quite fresh - 1970
          The plant worked for the defense industry. I believe in the accuracy of tolerances on machines installed before the war at the age of 60....
      2. 0
        6 May 2024 16: 36
        The history of the 3rd Reich began in 1933 and ended in 1945.
  13. +3
    April 17 2024 15: 08
    My line of work involves purchasing equipment, and I can say that in our country both branches of the machine tool industry are laid out. This machine belongs to the branch of special machine tool building. But in addition to special machines, we also need universal ones, and for some reason they are not made here either.
  14. +2
    April 17 2024 17: 10
    In general, our country is rapidly reviving an industry that is vital for economic development.

    As for “quickly,” this is a strong word. More precisely, we are just starting to realize and itch. So far, no significant efforts have been seen on the part of the state to revive the machine tool industry, mechanical engineering, engine building and create its own electronic base and develop microelectronics and VT.
  15. 0
    April 17 2024 19: 42
    Shtosh, simple...it will take a long time to restore in 30 years. But perhaps it will bear fruit in the next 30 years.
  16. -1
    April 17 2024 23: 02
    To begin with, let’s just produce what we already have (and buy) from others. These manufacturers of one-piece analogue radios are already fed up with them.
  17. -1
    April 18 2024 04: 23
    Don't wait in capitalism. Don't live in illusion.
    1. 0
      April 19 2024 05: 17
      Those. The Japanese leaders don't have capitalism or what?
  18. 0
    April 18 2024 11: 07
    You can be happy about a unique machine... But I would be much more happy about the MASS production of UNIVERSAL machines. From my point of view it would be much more valuable.
  19. 0
    April 19 2024 09: 08
    As they used to say in my village, “After the fire, the male genital organ pumps.”
  20. +1
    April 20 2024 21: 16
    Quote: keleg
    What year are your numbers? Everything has changed a lot in the last three.

    Well, so, give me new numbers, please.
  21. 0
    2 May 2024 05: 55
    They destroyed it for 30 years, now we’re restoring it, why don’t they ask who destroyed it and where the money went, that’s what these sums were stolen for the restoration of industry, or is it weak just some talk, another noodle in the ears