About the risky operation of Soviet marines to capture the Korean port of Genzan, controlled by the Japanese

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About the risky operation of Soviet marines to capture the Korean port of Genzan, controlled by the Japanese

The government of militaristic Japan announced its consent to unconditional surrender on August 14, 1945. However, this order was received by the troops only a few days later, and all this time the Japanese continued to resist.

In turn, the commander of the Pacific fleet USSR Admiral Yumashev ordered an immediate ceasefire where the enemy army stopped it.



It is worth noting that Soviet sailors unquestioningly followed the above rule. At the same time, the “samurai” often behaved differently, especially in the north of the Korean Peninsula. Entire formations of enemy troops continued to resist and tried to break through to ports in the south, where they planned to board transports and evacuate to Japan.

As a result, the Soviet command, having understood the enemy’s plan, decided to thwart it by landing troops deep in the rear of the Japanese army and capturing Genzan, the last major port controlled by the enemy army north of the 38th parallel. To the south began the zone that, according to the allied agreement, the Americans were supposed to occupy.

A detachment of Soviet paratroopers approached Genzan on the morning of August 21, 1945.

According to the memoirs of the soldiers, they expected fierce resistance from the superior Japanese forces, who knew nothing about the surrender. The weather also seemed to be against the Soviet soldiers. It was so hot that several paratroopers suffered sunstroke.

The bay of Genzan resembled a narrow-necked vessel. To penetrate it, you need to pass a narrow passage with many islands on which six enemy coastal batteries are located.

At the same time, the task of any landing force is to “catch onto the ground” using the effect of surprise. And the unit commander knew perfectly well how this was done.

As soon as the shore appeared in the field of view of the Soviet troops, six torpedo boats with scouts on board separated from the main forces of the detachment. The latter successfully reached and landed on the pier, where Japanese soldiers were walking around without rifles. As a result, Soviet intelligence officers captured the barracks without any problems.

At the same time, an enemy warship with a Japanese official on board approached the reinforcements heading towards the shore. The latter, having learned about the surrender and received an ultimatum, showed on the map where the sea mines were placed.

Ultimately, the Soviet ships successfully passed the minefields and reinforcements landed on the bridgehead occupied by the scouts. At the same time, the Japanese coastal batteries also did not dare to open fire.

The operation ended with the Marines of the Pacific Fleet quickly taking control of the city of Genzan. At the same time, rumors about the approach of Soviet troops spread so quickly that, instead of desperate Japanese resistance and fierce urban battles, Soviet soldiers were met by a Korean rally, whose participants rejoiced at the liberation from the militaristic occupation.

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  1. 0
    14 March 2024 14: 02
    The Japanese, after the use of nuclear weapons by the Americans, already on August 9-10 decided to surrender. The official announcement of surrender was on August 14 with an explanation of its reasons
    the enemy used a new bomb of unprecedented destructive power, which killed many innocent people. If we continue to wage war, it will not only mean the terrible death and destruction of the Japanese people, but will also lead to the death of the entire human civilization.
    Today we are faced with the question: how can we save millions of our subjects and not humiliate ourselves before the sacred spirits of our imperial ancestors? This is the reason why we ordered the terms of the joint declaration of winners to be accepted

    At the same time, there was an order from the General Staff to surrender; the troops surrendered as the General Staff’s order to surrender reached individual units.
    The tragicomic nature of this whole story was that the Soviet offensive prevented the transfer of the order to surrender to the Japanese troops, as a result, Soviet troops fought with the Japanese who were ready to capitulate, with mutual sacrifices on both sides.
    tried to break through to ports in the south, where they planned to board transports and evacuate to Japan

    At that time, Japan did not have any transports; their allies had long since sunk them. Even if they had existed, no one would have reached Japan.
    According to the memoirs of the soldiers, they expected fierce resistance from the superior Japanese forces, who knew nothing about the surrender.

    They knew, they were not fools, there was a radio, but someone had to surrender even if they had an official order in hand (in addition, it was necessary to prevent anarchy and unrest associated with the lack of power). Our people came and they surrendered. The last Japanese surrendered to the Americans on November 30 in Saigon, 2 months after the end of World War II.
    1. 0
      14 March 2024 18: 23
      On August 9 - 10, they decided to surrender, on August 9, the USSR entered the war,
      atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (August 6 and 9, 1945). Why is the solution not from 6 - 7, but from 9 - 10?
      1. 0
        14 March 2024 19: 28
        you wrote it yourself
        atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (6 and 9 of August 1945 years).

        The first time they didn’t get it (the peculiarities of the atmosphere over Japan gave the Japanese reasonable hope that the Americans would not be able to carry out bombings frequently), the second time they realized that this was not an isolated action, but a new mode of combat operations (how many such bombs do the States have? didn’t know, but the second time they realized that she was not alone), when massive raids were not needed. We got together that evening and made a decision.
        This is what Hirohito reflected in his speech, an excerpt from which I cited.
        But to conduct military operations, knowing that the enemy has capitulated...
        1. -1
          14 March 2024 20: 39
          Then they should have capitulated earlier, after the first bomb. If the USSR had not joined, the Americans would have fought for a long time. Regular carpet bombing of the islands caused more damage, but this did not force them to capitulate. The Japanese General Staff talked about the USSR entering the war. They had a plan to sit out in Manchuria and negotiate better conditions.
          “But to conduct military operations, knowing in advance that the enemy has capitulated.” - Where did you pick up this nonsense, you ignored the order to surrender, entering into battle with Soviet troops, and also running through the jungle for 30 years, there was no need to conduct military operations against them? And some individual parts of the German armed forces refused to lay down their arms and continued resistance until the end of May 1945, against them too? And when the French troops returned to France, the Germans shouldn’t have fought against them either? The French capitulated.
          1. +1
            14 March 2024 23: 25
            Then they should have capitulated earlier, after the first bomb.

            Why not read what I wrote?

            The first time they didn’t get it (the peculiarities of the atmosphere over Japan gave the Japanese reasonable hope that the Americans would not be able to carry out bombings frequently), the second time they realized that this was not an isolated action, but a new mode of combat operations (how many such bombs do the States have? didn’t know, but the second time they realized that she was not alone), when massive raids were not needed. We got together that evening and made a decision.
            This is what Hirohito reflected in his speech, an excerpt from which I cited.

            Hirohito clearly outlined the reasons for surrender.
            1. -2
              15 March 2024 01: 28
              Public speeches distinguished themselves by what was said and written for internal use. Taking that speech at face value, you considered those brave reports about the gigantic losses of the American fleet to be the truth. The main industry had long been in a quiet haven in Manchuria; if it remained so, the military carried out a coup if the puppet did not agree to continue fighting. The Japanese army was not defeated, but in some places it was advancing, without the defeat of the new rear and the main troops there was not even talk about surrender, at most only peace negotiations. And after the third and last bomb, it would be clear that the tactical nuclear charge is weak and there are few of them. The Americans did everything to ensure that the USSR entered the war, and the British were offended at them for this. By the way, the coup was slowed down, so they realized that what defeated their main army in a couple of days makes all their plans useless.
              1. 0
                16 March 2024 02: 13
                Public speeches distinguished themselves by what was said and written for internal use.

                This was a personal statement from the emperor, and he did not throw them around. And he was emperor, by the way, for 88 years.
                The main industry has long been located in a quiet haven in Manchuria

                At that time, there was no longer any communication between Japan and the mainland, the Allied fleet completely blocked Japan, and there was practically no supply. And there was no industry in Manchuria that you write about; the bulk was in Japan itself, which was left without supplies of raw materials due to the blockade.
                the military carried out a coup

                They didn't do anything. The major who commanded the “coup” rode around the city on a motorcycle and scattered leaflets, and the next morning he shot himself, leaving a poem. Not a coup, but kabuki theater.
                On August 9, 1945... a meeting of the Supreme Council for War Management was opened at the Emperor's court. There, Japanese Prime Minister Kantaro Suzuki, 26th Minister of the Imperial Navy Mitsumasa Yonai and Foreign Minister Shigenori Togo advised Emperor Hirohito of Japan to accept the terms of the Potsdam Declaration and announce unconditional surrender. [1]
                After the close of the session held in the air-raid shelter, the Prime Minister of Japan again convened the Supreme Council for the Administration of War... It took place at midnight on August 10... . Emperor Hirohito agreed with the opinion of the Foreign Minister, as a result of which the terms of the Potsdam Declaration were accepted. Subsequently, the Japanese Commissioner in Sweden and Switzerland notified the Anti-Hitler Coalition of this decision.

                And after the third and last bomb, it would be clear that the tactical nuclear charge is weak and there are few of them.

                Who understands? For the Japanese, the atomic bombings were a complete surprise; at first they simply did not understand what had happened.
                About twenty minutes later, the Tokyo railway telegraph control center realized that the main telegraph line had stopped working just north of Hiroshima. From a stop 16 km from Hiroshima, unofficial and confused reports came about a terrible explosion. All these messages were forwarded to the headquarters of the Japanese General Staff.
                Military bases repeatedly tried to call the Hiroshima Command and Control Center. The complete silence from there baffled the General Staff, since they knew that there was no major enemy raid in Hiroshima and there was no significant stockpile of explosives.

                They did not know that the Americans were preparing weapons of such power, and they had no idea how many charges they had, or what they even had. It only came to them after the Americans reported the attack on Hiroshima. And when it came, they were in complete shock.
                1. 0
                  19 March 2024 10: 29
                  Don’t try, Sergey, it’s useless. Here is a victim of Soviet propaganda, which claimed that without the Union entering the war with Japan, it would have resisted even before 46. In fact, without even disputing our decisive contribution to the victory over Germany, we really “attached ourselves” to Japan, as the amers claim. Through their efforts, Japan was virtually unfit for combat by mid-45. But on our part, it was still necessary to “get involved” in all this, if only in order to return Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands and strengthen our influence in China.
                  1. 0
                    19 March 2024 11: 34
                    The return of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands was agreed upon during the Yalta Conference, despite the fact that the Kuril Islands, unlike Sakhalin, were not formally subject to the condition of surrender and did not comply with the Potsdam and Cairo Declarations (Japan received them quite peacefully as a result of an exchange), but the Americans it didn’t matter, they didn’t mind Japanese then. That is, a formal declaration of war was enough.
                    But Stalin wanted more than was agreed upon with the Americans, for which it was necessary to score political points, for this purpose the fighting took place, where the Japanese even without this surrendered in fright - unlike the Germans, they had no idea about atomic weapons, they There was a complete shock, they had already seen the massive bombing of Japan with such bombs.
                    As a result, this resulted in a conflict at the signing of a peace treaty with Japan, during which the Union put forward additional demands on China, the zone of occupation in Japan and other issues and refused to sign the treaty. In response, the Americans signed it with a reservation regarding Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, accusing the USSR of violating the existing agreement.
                    1. 0
                      19 March 2024 12: 57
                      I think they feel sorry for it now, because the possession of all the Kuril Islands makes the Sea of ​​Okhotsk actually an internal sea of ​​Russia.
                      1. 0
                        19 March 2024 13: 25
                        When the USSR refused to sign the San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1951, the Americans made a special clause in response
                        During the discussion of the Treaty in the US Senate, a unilateral resolution was adopted containing a clause that the terms of the Treaty would not mean recognition for the USSR of any rights or claims to territories that belonged to Japan on December 7, 1941, which would harm the rights and legal foundations of Japan to these territories, nor will any provisions in favor of the USSR in relation to Japan contained in the Yalta Agreement be recognized[3][4].

                        As for the status of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk, the UN recognized most of it as the exclusive economic zone of Russia, and a small part as the continental shelf (while part of the sea goes to the coast of Japan and the Japanese have their own exclusive economic zone there), but not as an inland sea.
                        Most of the waters of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk outside the territorial sea of ​​Russia and Japan belong to the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of Russia, with the exception of a small part adjacent to the island of Hokkaido and belonging to the EEZ of Japan, as well as a narrow enclave in the central part of the sea, which is located at a distance of more than than 200 nautical miles from all coasts. The specified enclave, completely surrounded by the EEZ of the Russian Federation, according to the application of Russia[6] and the subsequent decision of the UN Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf dated March 14, 2014[7] is classified as part of the continental shelf of Russia, thanks to which the Russian Federation has exclusive rights to subsoil resources and the seabed in this part (but not on the covering waters and the airspace above them); In the media, there are sometimes erroneous statements that the Sea of ​​Okhotsk is entirely internal waters of Russia[8].
                      2. -1
                        19 March 2024 17: 16
                        Thanks for the detailed answer.
  2. 0
    April 3 2024 00: 44
    Risk is a noble cause, but not always grateful and justified. Especially in military affairs. Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Clausewitz

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