The illusion of a capitalist paradise that destroyed Soviet civilization

157
The illusion of a capitalist paradise that destroyed Soviet civilization


Formation of the fifth column


As previously noted (How the Soviet Union was killed), the masters of the collective West skillfully waged an information (cold) war against the USSR. Various units of the future fifth column were supported and formed: from dissidents to national separatists and outright thieves.



Just like during the Troubles of 1917, the West relied on nationalists. Baltic, Ukrainian, Caucasian, Turkestan and others.

Various anti-Soviet movements were connected with each other. Thus, the Georgian Helsinki Group was headed by the nationalist, future dictator of Georgia Zviad Gamsakhurdia. Human rights activist Yu. Orlov was at one time hidden by Ukrainian nationalists.

Religious opposition was also supported from abroad. Baptists, Pentecostals, and Adventists carried out active subversive activities. Clandestine printing houses were created. Orthodox dissidents also appeared. In the so-called "samizdat" materials were passed around, stories, where truth was mixed with lies. For example, on the history of the Civil War, where the White movement was whitened and the Bolsheviks and the Red Army were denigrated.

To work to undermine the USSR, various figures were used, including ostentatious “patriots”. Alexander Solzhenitsyn stood out among them (Why did they create the myth about the great writer-truth-worker Solzhenitsyn). It was deliberately promoted; Khrushchev personally gave it publicity, praising “One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich.” The Gulag Archipelago has gained worldwide fame. The West proclaimed him a great writer, the conscience of the nation and even a classic of Russian thought, and honored him with all kinds of honors, including in the new liberal Russia. Gave the Nobel Prize. But for ordinary citizens of Russia, Solzhenitsyn remained an alien, if not a hostile figure.

He was a weak writer. “The Gulag Archipelago” and “The Red Wheel” are written in ragged and ugly language, where history, journalism and personal fantasies (not to say lies) are mixed. The main feature of Solzhenitsyn’s work is hatred and anger towards the “soviet”, towards the Soviet Motherland. The red line running through all of his work is personal hostility towards the USSR. For him, the USSR is pure bloody totalitarianism and the Gulag, nothing more. The entire history of the USSR is a black bloody hole, which allegedly only claimed tens of millions of lives.

Even our Great Patriotic War for this writer, glorified by the West for good reason, is not heroic and, especially for him, not at all sacred, but only a “self-destructive” and simply ordinary “Soviet-German” war:

“We should not be proud of the Soviet-German war, in which we killed for 30 million, ten times more than the enemy, and only established despotism over ourselves.”

Anti-Soviet people, both Western and homegrown, used all these myths to denigrate and destroy the Soviet Union.

In the later period of his activity, this writer suddenly took the position of a traditionalist and began to zealously defend the interests of the Russian people, at a time when the word “Russian” was almost a dirty word in the so-called. "elite". However, in Russia, in the people's memory, Solzhenitsyn forever remained primarily one of the main symbols of the denigration of Soviet Russia.


Solzhenitsyn among American senators. 1975

Anti-Sovietism and the Jewish Question


Since 1966, the Soviet government began to apply such measures as deprivation of citizenship and deportation abroad to dissidents. But they were not always used. Often those who were needed in the West for propaganda and information warfare were expelled. So, it was Solzhenitsyn and Brodsky who were expelled. And the rest were imprisoned in the SSSO, and they were also used in the West, talking about “victims of the Soviet regime.”

As “stagnation” developed, the growth of official patriotism, and the empty slogans of the Communist Party, underground circles and groups of Marxists and Leninists began to appear, who believed that the CPSU had moved away from the right course. The number of structures of the People's Labor Union (NTS) grew. The dissemination of NTS materials increased to the detriment of Soviet citizens who visited other countries. If in 1968–1978. Among them, 230 thousand leaflets, newspapers and magazines were distributed, then in 1978–1988. – already 560 thousand pieces.

The West used the accusation of anti-Semitism against the USSR, as before against the Russian Empire. True, it turned out badly. Jews in the Union generally lived well. Of course, in the USA they tried to find traces of mass anti-Semitism in the USSR. They tried to exaggerate individual excesses and accuse Moscow of Russian nationalism and chauvinism, but without much success.

When the United States decided to recognize the USSR as a priority trading partner, Senator Jackson introduced an amendment so that the Soviet Union would allow Jews free travel to Israel in return. Moscow needed grain and agreed. Immediately there began a general exodus of Jews abroad. In general, between 1970 and 1988, about 290 thousand Jews emigrated from the USSR.

At the same time, most of the Jews settled in Europe and tried to move from there to the USA and Canada. Mostly less assimilated, religious Jews from the Baltic states, Moldova and Georgia went to Israel, and more assimilated, Russified Jews from the RSFSR and Ukraine went to the USA. That’s why it was called the third wave of Russian emigration.

The majority of Jews in the USSR belonged not to workers and collective farmers, but to the intelligentsia and office workers. Many worked in science, the military-industrial complex, and were allowed access to certain secrets. It is clear that they were prevented from traveling abroad. Here in the West they screamed - anti-Semitism!

The Soviet authorities began to demand that leaving Jews pay for the education received in the USSR. Anti-Semitism again! They tried to introduce restrictions for Jews when entering universities related to the defense industry and “regime” branches of science. Anti-Semitism again!

Russian "evil empire"


A third wave of Russian emigration is taking shape abroad. It consisted of expelled dissidents, defectors, and those who left legally. From Russian Jews. From tourists, artists, athletes, cultural figures, participants in various conferences and delegations who decided not to return back.

Most of this public was not “political.” People were simply looking for a well-fed, “beautiful” life. They dreamed of Western abundance and wanted to remain in the “showcase of capitalism.” As now, residents of Africa, Asia and Latin America are rushing out of poverty to this “paradise”. And artists and cultural workers dreamed of “creative freedom,” which, of course, had to be well paid there.

In the Western press, TV, in the “voices” that were broadcast to Soviet Russia, this was presented in such a way that supposedly the best representatives of culture, sports, etc. chose “freedom.”

It is interesting that in the USA they took an openly anti-Russian course. The USSR was declared an “evil empire.” Historical fakes and myths, including those concocted in the Third Reich, were revived. In Western cinema, literature, and the media, the image of the enemy – the “Russian” – was formed. The American Captive Nations Act of 1959 declared that these nations were enslaved by “Russian communism.” Among the dissidents, various nationalists, Ukrainian, Baltic, Caucasian and others, were brought to the fore. They fought against “Russian colonialism.”


Costume parade for the 70th anniversary of October. Moscow. Red Square, 1987

The image of a capitalist “paradise”


The information influence on the USSR came not only through the political opposition, the fifth column and emigration. It also came directly, through the people. The West took advantage of scientific and technological progress. The USSR launched mass production of transistor receivers. As a result, anyone with a radio could listen to foreign music and “voices.”

Then the “tape revolution” began. It made it possible to widely distribute and rewrite prohibited songs, poems, and broadcasts from abroad. Copiers have appeared in scientific, educational and other institutions. There has been a general replication of banned literature, samizdat, semi-underground literature and other things.

Foreign influence penetrated through other socialist countries. They had more freedom to communicate with capitalist countries. And through them various books and magazines, music and films penetrated into the Union. Including erotica and pornography. Foreign films, for example, French and Italian films, were also shown in the USSR. Soviet citizens saw “freedom”, a “showcase of capitalism”, where each (as in the films) Westerner had the opportunity to have a large selection of different clothes, food, household appliances, a personal car, a villa, etc.

All this turned out to be much more effective than direct, state propaganda that talked about the horrors of capitalism. The image of the capitalist “paradise” turned out to be more attractive and beautiful. Now any Soviet worker or employee knew that “life is better with them.”

All this had a particularly effective influence on the younger generation, who did not know the war, pre- and post-war difficulties, and the intelligentsia. Copying the West, the USSR had its own punks and hippies, demonstrating protest. The intelligentsia was drawn to “universal human values.”

As a result, the Soviet consumer society, which had lost the real ideals of communism, obviously lost to the “showcase of capitalism.” The Soviet intelligentsia and townspeople dreamed of a consumer “paradise”, and they were easily led by the “rats”-traitors who dreamed of privatizing people's property.

The Soviet civilization, which was the most advanced civilization on the planet, was destroyed. Citizens soon found themselves with nothing, but it was too late. You can't bring back the past.
157 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. -3
    28 February 2024 05: 40
    They tried to introduce restrictions for Jews when entering universities related to the defense industry and “regime” branches of science. Anti-Semitism again!


    https://clck.ru/395wNr

    Yes, anti-Semitism.

    It is important not to idealize the USSR, but to soberly assess its legacy.

    Although I adhere to social democratic views, I believe that the USSR's experience in creating a welfare state is valuable. At the same time, it would be advisable to adopt the experience of the Scandinavian countries, which have successfully implemented the model of a welfare state with a market economy.
    1. +10
      28 February 2024 06: 51
      Quote: Ixian
      At the same time, it would be advisable to adopt the experience of the Scandinavian countries, which have successfully implemented the model of a welfare state with a market economy.

      Beautiful, knowing the Scandinavian countries, I would argue, but this is an article, not a comment. Yes, and you can’t argue when a person has an established opinion. Now try to convince ukrov, nothing will work.
    2. The comment was deleted.
      1. +4
        28 February 2024 15: 01
        The USSR as a whole was destroyed by its ideology. As funny as it may seem, it was precisely the too soft attitude towards the population that led to widespread theft and laziness. The same collective farms were simply stolen. And at the factories, the workers toiled around producing tons of defects. And so it is in everything.
        Remember the big change. The teacher runs around and CONVIDES the workers to improve their skills. And they’re already hurt. Huge salaries and no fear of dismissal.
        1. +6
          29 February 2024 11: 52
          Dmitry, in the USSR there is widespread theft, laziness, and he only produced galoshes, it’s a different matter now, toothpicks are from China, but officials don’t even know the word - theft!
          1. +2
            29 February 2024 15: 53
            It's no better now. but there is a dead end there too. We need a third way.
            1. +1
              4 March 2024 20: 59
              there will be a third way. Is it in vain that they raise Ilyin to the shield?
              first democracy - who needs democracy, then those who thirst for a third way will get everything for theirs - democratic law is someone else's. only a few of our own will be there - 99,999 percent of the remaining ones will be hit on the lips by someone else’s law. and as soon as the hamsters begin to get smarter, then through blood and guts, the renaissance of Lenin - Marx - Engels will begin. This is a natural process, there is no need to force it. Mrazolini was hanged by the right comrades, and not by lovers of the third way.
              1. +1
                5 March 2024 09: 38
                I can give you a couple more options right off the bat. From military democracy to absolute monarchy. What the third or one hundred and third way will be is not the point. The fact is that the USSR of the 1970s-80s is not viable, neither is today’s thieves’ feudalism, nor the tolerant pseudo-democracy. I don't know what will happen. But you need to look for this option. Otherwise, it might just happen that we’ll gasp.
                1. The comment was deleted.
            2. 0
              8 March 2024 20: 18
              For people like you there is a third way - fascism. There is no other way.
        2. +3
          3 March 2024 22: 09
          Quote: Single-n
          The USSR as a whole was destroyed by its ideology. As funny as it may seem, it was precisely the too soft attitude towards the population that led to widespread theft and laziness.

          The USSR was destroyed by the leveling system introduced by Khrushchev; before him, workers received exactly according to their results, and the quality was superb. It began to slide more quickly into the 70s, when plans began to be set in money and the parameters of cost and quality went beyond the target.
          1. +1
            4 March 2024 08: 48
            There's a lot of stuff going on there. including this
        3. The comment was deleted.
      2. 0
        4 March 2024 18: 18
        This is the inflection point of the Soviet system, you probably remember group A, group B production. Having cash from the population, the state system did not want to take it away in a more pleasant way - through the development of consumerism.. As a result, the money simply melted in the oven of the crisis of the transition to capitalism..
        1. +1
          8 March 2024 20: 21
          The money did not “melt away”. They were pocketed by 10% of partocrats and directors, who bought foreign currency with them and bought up enterprises for next to nothing during privatization. And ordinary people were told that the money they had accumulated over their lives had suddenly “depreciated.” But this is after they “bought” the enterprise.
    3. -7
      28 February 2024 11: 10
      Quote: Ixian
      At the same time, it would be advisable to adopt the experience of the Scandinavian countries, which have successfully implemented the model of a welfare state with a market economy.

      I believe that THIS is not due to the arrival of the “good master” in the Scandinavian countries. People are just like that.
      And the countries of the East and Africa benefited a lot from the mere existence of the USSR. And these are already billions of people...
      True, one people in the world from the existence of the USSR by the end of the century was left without any pants or food at all, and this is also true simply because they are such a special people...... crying .. For some, not only the USSR, but also their fields and even their eggs are in the way. We have to import it from Turkey.
      Excellent people, only they got the bad country of the USSR, history and neighbors... unlucky, something like that...
    4. +5
      28 February 2024 12: 08
      We like to live in illusions... And now, some quite seriously believed in the illusion that someone was going to object to the USSR... request
      1. +7
        28 February 2024 15: 14
        Quote: Monster_Fat
        We like to live in illusions... And now, some quite seriously believed in the illusion that someone was going to object to the USSR...

        Yes, this is not from a great mind, they simply confuse the union of the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation, and the return of their lands with the revival of the USSR. But they just don’t understand that the USSR is not so much territories and republics, but rather an ideology and a political system in which there is absolutely no place for oligarchs. And where will these oligarchs suddenly disappear from our country? Will they cut themselves out and give everything away to the people? laughing Yes, they would rather ruin the country for the sake of their capital. And they would have done so if they had felt at least somewhat safe in the West lately))).
    5. +7
      28 February 2024 15: 24
      Quote: Ixian
      It is important not to idealize the USSR, but to soberly assess its legacy.

      It is important not to idealize Semitism or attribute any magical properties to it, and people should be assessed not by nationality, but by personal qualities. There were and are deeply decent people among Soviet Jews. That is why I am surprised by the love interest in Nazism and its manifestations that has grown out of nowhere among citizens of this nationality...
      Hitler wasn't enough for you?
    6. +5
      29 February 2024 22: 34
      Quote: Ixian
      At the same time, it would be advisable to adopt the experience of the Scandinavian countries, which have successfully implemented the model of a welfare state with a market economy.

      It is problematic to adopt the experience of the Scandinavian countries, since they are, so to speak, the central offices of a considerable part of financial groups. A significant part of the factories opened in Poland belongs to the Swedes. Poles there receive Polish salaries, and the rest of the profits go to Sweden. Same with Ikea and many other things. We have this organized in Moscow, when factories pay 40 thousand, and in the Moscow central office 140 thousand. How can this be adopted on a national scale?
  2. +7
    28 February 2024 05: 42
    How to create a society that will support all changes? All this was done by artificial difficulties. In such situations, society becomes either indifferent or aggressive towards the authorities themselves. Artificial sabotage in all directions. If in 1917 all the difficulties were natural, then the people did not need to be forced to resist the authorities.
    1. +4
      28 February 2024 06: 09
      Few people remember how the weekly cultural and educational magazine Ogonyok influenced the collapse of the Soviet Union. They say that this largely depended on the position of the editor-in-chief, Korotich. This man lives and is quite prosperous to this day.
      He also had a hand in the destruction of the USSR!
  3. +7
    28 February 2024 06: 00
    Solzhenitsyn is a great writer?!
    1. +7
      28 February 2024 06: 57
      The only really strong thing that came from his pen was “One Day...” And even then, there is a version that Tvardovsky himself thoroughly edited this story (not in the sense of the storyline, but “combed” the language), and I I personally am inclined to believe this. If only because “The Gulag Archipelago” is written in a very different language, and is so difficult to chew through that, as they now say, niasilil request .
      1. +9
        28 February 2024 07: 30
        Quote: Nagan
        "The Gulag Archipelago" is written in a very different language, and is so difficult to chew through
        Back in Soviet times, I read samizdat when I was a cadet. Nothing special, the language is heavy, the author’s bias is felt throughout. It is not clear why they gave the Nobel Prize there. I read it only because Solzhenitsyn was being criticized from every outlet. About the same can be said about “One Day...”
        1. +3
          28 February 2024 08: 36
          Back in Soviet times, I read samizdat when I was a cadet. Nothing special, the language is heavy, the author’s bias is felt throughout. It is not clear why they gave the Nobel Prize there. I read it only because Solzhenitsyn was being criticized from every outlet. About the same can be said about “One Day...”

          The bias is understandable, since the prisoner wrote it. If NachLag had written, we would have been touched by the hard work of the guards, re-educating the evil enemies of the people.
          But the Beginnings don’t write much... wink
        2. +8
          28 February 2024 08: 44
          It is not clear why they gave the Nobel Prize there.

          All these prizes are essentially an instrument of ideological influence... the prestige of the prize was initially absent, but there was material interest (the monetary part), later the prizes became extremely politicized, confirming the laureate’s commitment to Western values
          1. 0
            28 February 2024 09: 37
            Quote: Vladimir80
            All these awards are essentially instruments of ideological influence.

            I only recognize Nobel prizes in physics, medicine and other useful sciences. Literature is not one of them wink
            1. +2
              29 February 2024 22: 41
              But in vain, everything there is also heavily biased, now in general they give almost only to Americans. In 2020, in the wake of BLM, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was given to two aunts, although they were not the founders, did not make any decisive contribution, and even their citation rate is not the most outstanding in the topic. The French woman, for example, has an h-index almost an order of magnitude less than Evgenia Kunin. And on CNN they praised the Nobel committee, they said that well done, they gave it to women, but they should also give it to blacks. But apparently they haven’t found those blacks yet, and blacks are not held in high esteem these days. It’s strange that Zelensky was not given a Nobel Prize
        3. +1
          28 February 2024 09: 16
          Read "Descent into Darkness" by O. Volkov. Maybe you'll understand something.
        4. +1
          28 February 2024 15: 34
          Quote: Dutchman Michel
          About the same can be said about “One Day...”

          Solzhenitsyn’s works: “One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich”, “The Gulag Archipelago”, “In the First Circle” reveal the grotesque relationship between Soviet power and the common man.
          Not all representatives of the Soviet government corresponded to Solzhenitsyn’s description, and he himself was very far from an ordinary person, at least in terms of belonging to work...
          A bastard who makes a career and money out of anti-Sovietism...
          1. +1
            28 February 2024 17: 49
            Quote: ROSS 42
            A bastard who makes a career and money out of anti-Sovietism...

            He rather made money and promoted himself than made a career
        5. 0
          3 March 2024 22: 13
          Quote: Dutchman Michel
          About the same can be said about “One Day...”

          I grew up next to several prisons and zones in Siberia, and quite often communicated with the contingent and former prisoners, because... many settled in Siberia. The book is a complete lie; the prisoners did not tell anything like this about the order and way of life. Well, it’s worth mentioning that many of them are released to work outside the colony at the end of their sentence (for example, after serving 2 out of 3 years, the 3rd year is allowed to work outside the zone). Solzhenitsyn did not write about this.
      2. -7
        28 February 2024 08: 37
        The only really strong thing that came from his pen was “One Day...” And even then, there is a version that Tvardovsky himself thoroughly edited this story (not in the sense of the storyline, but “combed” the language), and I I personally am inclined to believe this. If only because “The Gulag Archipelago” is written in a very different language, and is so difficult to gnaw through that, as they now say, it has been undermined by request .

        Aghipelago, yes, this is actually a scientific study, you always have to “gnaw” on it. As an option "In the first circle." Quite a detective story in the spirit of Yu. Semenov. winked
        1. 0
          3 March 2024 22: 16
          Quote: Arzt
          Aghipelago yes, this is actually a scientific study

          And where is the scientific method in this work? Solzhenitsy himself admitted that the events in the book were fictitious. It seems to me that someone like this should be burned at the stake by the Inquisition. Backbiting is the most terrible sin.
          1. +1
            3 March 2024 22: 35
            And where is the scientific method in this work? Solzhenitsy himself admitted that the events in the book were fictitious. It seems to me that someone like this should be burned at the stake by the Inquisition. Backbiting is the most terrible sin.


            It's in the title itself.
            GULAG Archipelago. 1918–1956: Artistic experience research.

            The preface says:
            "There are no fictitious persons or fictitious events in this book. People and places are named by their own names. If they are named by initials, it is for personal reasons. If they are not named at all, it is only because human memory has not preserved names - but everything was exactly."

            Why burn? The man sat and described his impressions of the penitentiary system of the Stalin era. Quite extensive and systematic. At least - “there are no analogues”. laughing
      3. 0
        28 February 2024 19: 24
        And "Matryonin Dvor"? Seems well written. "Two Hundred Years Together" is a good read.
    2. +1
      3 March 2024 13: 59
      Few question marks!
    3. 0
      4 March 2024 21: 02
      with a lie - he didn’t blink an eye.
    4. 0
      8 March 2024 20: 24
      Putin said that yes, he is great. Or do you think that VVP is lying or does not understand what he is saying? :)
    5. 0
      20 March 2024 14: 51
      with a false Nitsyn - a petty liar.
      “you were cheated, Seryozha, ki-nu-li” and “simply cheated” - but let the monuments stand and the anniversaries of this small-hearted creature should be broadcast by the propaganda of the ruling class.
  4. 0
    28 February 2024 06: 14

    The Soviet civilization, which was the most advanced civilization on the planet, was destroyed.

    With all due respect to the author, civilizations are neither created nor destroyed within 70 years. If you don't agree, give an example....
    1. -1
      28 February 2024 07: 37
      Quote: Vladimir80
      civilizations are neither created nor destroyed within 70 years. If you don't agree, give an example....
      Soviet civilization, and it was just that, a civilization, arose almost immediately after the Bolsheviks took power. And after more than 70 years it quickly collapsed. I can also give an example of the rapid growth of Protestant civilization, immediately after Martin Luther nailed his famous theses on the church gates
      1. -3
        28 February 2024 09: 09
        Your example only confirms the thesis of creating not a socialist civilization, but a socialist chimera, the unviability of which has been proven by the history of not only Russia, but also many other countries - China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Ethiopia, etc. The death and degeneration of this chimera was predicted during its creation by smart people who were either destroyed as class enemies or sent abroad like Ilyin, Berdyaev, etc.
        1. +1
          28 February 2024 09: 20
          The enemies of the USSR always have a stupid, spiteful AGAINST, but there is nothing honest and objective FOR, as with every comparison of the USSR, the Russian Empire, the Russian Federation, you all equally rush to be angry AGAINST the USSR, because FOR your beloved capitalism in the Republic of Ingushetia and the Russian Federation you have nothing No .
          And for the advantages of capitalism in the world over socialism in the USSR, you always point out only the countries of the “golden billion”, in which there has been no real capitalism for a long time.
          1. +1
            28 February 2024 11: 34
            Here's an honest one. About Arkhangelsk '29
            They could be seen at any time of the day. They wandered around the streets, stretched somewhere in a leisurely line or groups, wandered alone. Dragging legs and slow pacing indicated a lack of purpose, a need to get somewhere, and more than other signs spoke of the arrival of these people, separating them from the rest of the passers-by - townspeople busy with their business and themselves. And their clothes, their bundles, birch bark purses and half-empty, homespun bags did not allow one to doubt that these numerous idle brethren who filled the streets of Arkhangelsk belonged to the village. The village, still dressing itself in sheepskins, has fur coats “spinzhaks” sewn by home tailors; hare's three-pieces, army jackets; shod in heavy cowhide boots, built to last for many years; thick, stiff wire rods - the products of fellers staggering between the yards; in huge leather galoshes, or in rope tunics with frills and even in bast shoes... In a word - a village being abolished, partly belonging to the past, expelled by new orders.
            They were hereditary Russian men, mostly elderly or middle-aged, overgrown with beards, squat, broad-shouldered, with heavy, idly hanging dark hands. There were quite a few real grandfathers - with a bald forehead, thin wedges of sparse beards, barely moving their unruly legs. Pood-length sheepskin coats hung down to their toes on weak shoulders; their sinewy necks are wrapped in women's shawls turned into scarves.
            Women were less common. They almost always walked with children clinging to the hem, wrapped in shawls like adults, or carrying babies in their arms. These women also waddled, but timidly, even more hastily than the men, they gave way and huddled to the side. And they amazed you with their detachment, with their frozen dark gaze from under a low-tied scarf.
            If anyone cared about these newcomers and had the leisure to watch them, one would notice that most of them are on the streets leading to the river not far from the city center. And if you were to exit from Pavlina Vinogradov Avenue, say, along Posolskaya, towards the Dvina, it would turn out that it would be difficult to squeeze through here. Every free space is filled with a crowd. It was especially thick near the squat barracks with the sign of the Arkhangelsk OGPU commandant’s office. People were waiting to be received. They waited for days, weeks, months. So not everyone had to wait.
            Tugs dragged caravans of barges along the Dvina, and steam locomotives pulled endless trains of freight cars, conventionally called train cars. Peasant families were brought by water and by land from villages in all Russian provinces. They unloaded them at the piers, in railway dead ends, wherever they could find a place that was not yet occupied. And they left it in the open air. There was nowhere to place the exiles. All imaginable containers in the form of barracks, sheds, sheds were used for the sick and dying...
            The commandant’s office could not cope with sending them “out of sight” - into the taiga desert. All the villages of the region were packed to capacity - and the thousands of stages did not dissipate. Accumulating hordes of men doomedly crowded near the windows of the commandant’s office, waiting for the coveted coupons, according to which they could, after standing for endless hours, receive a “ration” - a pound of unbaked bread, some salted fish and cereals.
            So these were crowds of not only dirty, lice-ridden and exhausted people, but also hungry, fiercely hungry people. And yet, they did not destroy the commandant’s office, did not drown mocking well-fed clerks and accountants in the Dvina, did not go on a rampage and did not rob. They sat dejectedly on the logs and stones that littered the shore, without moving, for hours, staring somewhere at the ground, unable to resist, to oppose evil fate with anything other than their submissive long-suffering...
            These poor villages, This meager nature, are the native land of long-suffering, the land of the Russian people!
            But he once rose after the Razins and Pugachevs? Or was it the robber's whistle that inflamed the heart - a call that promised robbery?.. Or did no kings and gentlemen know how to strike with fear as much as Lenin's visual reprisals?
            But when I squeezed through this silence and humility, more terrible than shouting and swearing, I did not ask myself such questions. And only with my whole being was I aware of my share of guilt, as if I too was responsible for the hopelessness and ordeal of these devastated, hopeless crowds.
            If only because I had shelter, that I was not hungry and at the commandant’s office I went to a special window where twice a month the exiles who were left in the city and released to live in private apartments were checked in. I pushed through, clinging to my army jackets and short fur coats with involuntary apprehension: lest I, having taken a steam bath in the city bathhouse and changed my underwear, might catch an infectious louse! There were acquaintances in Arkhangelsk who were trying to get me a job, my brother sent me everything I needed... I finally have someone to write to and from whom to expect a response. These same men have no one and nowhere to expect help and sympathy from. They were uprooted from their native nests, having previously been robbed. Warm clothes and shoes were rarely left behind. They are deprived of a home, a native side, roots - and this is forever.
            1. -1
              28 February 2024 11: 35
              A man in a covered jacket, very worn and torn, is sitting on the ground by the fence. With his hands resting on his knees, he grabbed his low-hanging head, as if he wanted to isolate himself from the whole world, not see or hear anything. Next to him is a woman in an untied shawl. She bent over a girl lying on a row, covered with a patchwork blanket, with a bloodless face, a blue stripe of her mouth and tightly closed eyelids in dark, deep eye sockets. Mother whispers something...
              A little further away, a group of men crowded over a motionless man in a coat and trampled bast shoes. He stretched out on the bare ground - to his full height. Before my eyes, he suddenly tensed up, as if he wanted to stretch his frozen limbs, but he froze. And his face immediately hardened.
              An old man in a sheepskin coat with a torn hem hurriedly pulled off his three-piece cap from his bald head and crossed himself. Around - not a single exclamation, not a single sigh. The living stood silent, as if indifferent... After all, they were driven here, to the North, to die. Wait your turn.
              In the late twilight, when it is completely dark and the small lamp above the porch of the commandant’s office faintly illuminates the bald patch of the deserted shore, the crowds of homeless people disappear somewhere. Those who have not risen remain. These are dead or completely weakened, separated from their own or exiled alone. The fellow countrymen, even if they are powerless to help, do not abandon their own until the last hour...
              They don’t always have time to remove the corpses during the night, and in the morning, at an early hour, you come across prostrate dead men along the sidewalks or on the tram rails...
              The crowds of homeless, hungry and sick peasants who flooded Arkhangelsk, driven here not by pestilence or an enemy invasion, not by a natural disaster, but by their blood-borne workers' and peasants' power - this is the main background against which my memories of life in this city were deposited.

              This is O. Volkov.
              1. -4
                28 February 2024 18: 17
                Quote: Silhouette
                It was especially thick near the squat barracks with a sign Arkhangelsk OGPU commandant's office.

                Quote: Silhouette
                With his hands resting on his knees, he grabbed his low-hanging head, as if he wanted to isolate himself from the whole world, not see or hear anything.

                Scribbler, mare $cancer...
                Hanging head?! Maybe a lowered head?!
                1. 0
                  28 February 2024 18: 57
                  And that's all that touched your soul in this passage? ....Very sad.
                  1. +1
                    2 March 2024 02: 36
                    don't be upset. this is just an ordinary pro-Stalinist redneck
                    anchik. not wanting to know anything except the Stalinist one that fed him
                    Quote: ROSS 42
                    $cancer
                2. +4
                  29 February 2024 10: 41
                  Quote: ROSS 42
                  Scribbler, mare $cancer...
                  Hanging head?! Maybe a lowered head?!

                  Well, you brought Nikolai Vasilyevich Gogol. wink
                  - By God, so! By God, it's true! - said Plyushkin, hanging his head down and shaking it sadly. - Everything is out of good nature.

                  And Dostoevsky, Turgenev, Nekrasov and Gorky and Kuprin also suffered.
        2. +1
          28 February 2024 09: 40
          Quote: Silhouette
          socialist chimera, the unviability of which has been proven by history
          And the unviability of the capitalist chimera has been proven for several centuries through armed guerrilla warfare against this “non-chimera”, which has taken root only in a small handful of countries that rob other countries
          1. -1
            28 February 2024 10: 32
            .....everything is being proven and proven and cannot be proven in any way, it rots and will not rot in any way....And you will not be there, but it will still be proven. Maybe turn on your brains after all, if they exist and work?
            1. 0
              28 February 2024 11: 21
              Quote: Silhouette
              and cannot be proven in any way, it rots and will not rot in any way
              This is how it is proven. At least as partisans in South America. And it rots. I happened to be on the streets of Gothenburg, where it was very, very problematic to meet a Swedish person. They say there are even more of them in Paris, I haven’t been there, but I can imagine wink
              P.S. Are you probably a liberal?
              1. 0
                28 February 2024 12: 49
                They say there are a hundred of them in Paris, even more
                They say there are at least as many of them in Moscow.
            2. +1
              29 February 2024 09: 26
              Capitalism (especially Anglo-Saxon) physically destroyed millions (dozens) of people across the planet and even entire nations. Wiped off the face of the earth. He used carpet bombing and atomic bombing. Started several world wars (possibly
              Covid pestilence), and now they are preparing the third world war. How much they have stolen all over the world, of course you can fatten... Someone else's loot is their secret!
              And then taxes are raised for the ordinary population and social services are cut... and Babylon is settled.
              In short, they robbed half the world, and we shared with half the world. Who will be richer?
        3. +3
          28 February 2024 15: 04
          Do you think that the capitalist system arose in 5 years and is immediately so beautiful? This path was followed for hundreds of years and many capitalist countries and cities were trampled by feudal armies, suppressing riots. How many revolutions have there been in France alone? Have you ever wondered WHY they were crushed by WHOLE EUROPE? There, the war went on for decades across half the planet. And it wasn’t just Napoleon who took a stroll in Russia.
        4. 0
          8 March 2024 20: 25
          Ilyin was a fascist. Russian fascist. For you, he is certainly a smart authority. Yes...
    2. +2
      28 February 2024 09: 16
      And what, civilizations are not created by people, but appear on their own, like the enemies of the USSR, “The USSR collapsed by itself,” and they “have nothing to do with it?”
    3. +3
      28 February 2024 09: 28
      Why do you think it was destroyed? Lenin said that the final victory of socialism on the planet will not be swift and instantaneous, ebbs and flows, ups and downs, revolutions and counter-revolutions are inevitable.. And if you look at history, capitalism was also born over centuries of wars and bloodshed. With the periodic restoration of feudal orders. But each time, an ever larger piece remained of bourgeois relations, and in the end, capitalism won... Why should it be different with socialism?

      We are just very unlucky - we are forced to live in an era of counter-revolution. But the next stage is simply inevitable; you cannot argue against the laws of social development..
      1. -3
        28 February 2024 11: 23
        Quote: paul3390
        Lenin spoke

        Well, you never know what he said. This was a hundred years ago, a lot has happened since then and the world has changed a lot.
        1. +2
          28 February 2024 11: 34
          Exactly! And Newton wrote 300 years ago - his laws are completely outdated...
          1. -3
            28 February 2024 13: 15
            Quote: paul3390
            And Newton wrote 300 years ago - his laws are completely outdated

            You are confusing physics with sociology and politics
            1. +2
              28 February 2024 13: 19
              That is, in your opinion sociology is not a science?
              1. +1
                28 February 2024 13: 20
                Quote: paul3390
                That is, in your opinion sociology is not a science?
                Is not. How history and philosophy are not
                1. +3
                  28 February 2024 13: 26
                  Well, then it’s not at all clear what to talk about. For all human relationships are described precisely by them. And all the doctors of history, philosophy and sociology there are simply charlatans...
                  1. +3
                    28 February 2024 13: 34
                    Quote: paul3390
                    For all human relationships are described precisely by them
                    Anyone can describe it, even a schoolboy who has recently learned to write
                    Quote: paul3390
                    And all the doctors there in history, philosophy and sociology are just charlatans
                    By and large, yes! They all serve the ruling class. Remember the USSR. There was one story, now there is another, the opposite of the Soviet one. And if you also read the Ukrainian textbook, you will definitely go crazy. The same goes for philosophy
                    1. +3
                      28 February 2024 20: 24
                      There are historians, and there are agitators - propagandists from history, there are few historians, but there are a lot of propagandists, they are necessary, they are the ones who serve the task of confirming the legitimacy of power. But these are different branches, history is not propaganda in its pure form, it describes the past, and agitators distort the past and draw conclusions convenient for the authorities.
                      1. 0
                        29 February 2024 05: 53
                        Quote: Sergei Fonov
                        history is not propaganda in its purest form, it describes the past
                        The past can also be described in different ways, it all depends on the point of view. I can give you a very recent example. Azerbaijan has one history of Karabakh, and Armenia has a completely opposite one. It turns out that Ukraine and I also have completely different views on many events.
                      2. -1
                        29 February 2024 18: 37
                        Of course, you can describe the past in different ways; in (in) Ukraine, official “historians” believe that the Black Sea was dug up by ancient Ukrainians, we don’t think so. There is history, and there are myths about history. The role of agitators is to convince the people that the historical myth about the ancient Ukrainians is the real history of Ukraine.
                2. +4
                  28 February 2024 14: 51
                  Quote: Dutchman Michel
                  Is not. How history and philosophy are not

                  In many ways you are right, but there is an inflection point! request
                  Both history and philosophy have a strictly scientific part, as well as the natural sciences. However, in the humanities, the role of interpretation is great - for example, the uprising of the slaves of Spartacus can be interpreted this way or that, depending on the ideology, but the uprising was...
                  This same part is also small in natural sciences, but it is there - see Aryan physics, etc....
                  Or a big explosion - can be interpreted as a Divine creation, or not... hi
                  So the Marxist definition of philosophy as the science of the most general laws is quite reasonable... feel
                  1. +1
                    28 February 2024 14: 57
                    Quote: DrEng02
                    for example, the uprising of the slaves of Spartacus can be interpreted this way and that
                    But in my opinion, any interpretation of historical events can be done this way or that. wink
                    Quote: DrEng02
                    Or a big explosion - can be interpreted as a Divine creation, or not
                    The existence of the Big Bang has not been proven by science. This is just a theory among many other theories, and therefore has nothing to do with science either
                    1. +2
                      28 February 2024 15: 00
                      Quote: Dutchman Michel
                      But in my opinion, any interpretation of historical events can be done this way or that.

                      This is exactly what I mean... but the event remains... request
                      Quote: Dutchman Michel
                      This is just a theory among many other theories, and therefore has nothing to do with science either

                      You have a strange understanding of science - whether it consists only of immaculate truths - not at all - it also consists of hypotheses and theories, some of which are denied during development... request for example: the hypothesis of an indivisible atom or caloric...
                      1. -2
                        28 February 2024 15: 06
                        Quote: DrEng02
                        you have a strange understanding of science - whether it consists only of immaculate truths
                        Well, I remember from school what has been proven and is science, and what has not been proven is pseudoscience. I agreed with this even without school
                        Quote: DrEng02
                        for example: the hypothesis of an indivisible atom or caloric.
                        I’m not strong here, but a hypothesis is just a hypothesis, and hundreds of them can be put forward wink
                      2. +2
                        28 February 2024 15: 46
                        Quote: Dutchman Michel
                        what has been proven is science, and what has not been proven is pseudoscience.

                        the discovery of radioactivity, quantum theory or the theory of relativity did not turn classical physics into pseudoscience... request
                        Quote: Dutchman Michel
                        they can be put forward in hundreds

                        you are mistaken - a scientific hypothesis is not a rumor - to put it forward you need a lot of things, at least a partial description of the phenomenon.... request
                      3. -1
                        28 February 2024 17: 45
                        Quote: DrEng02
                        you are mistaken - a scientific hypothesis is not a rumor - to put it forward you need a lot of things, at least a partial description of the phenomenon...
                        Big Bang. Why not a description? And hypotheses are a dime a dozen wink
          2. +3
            28 February 2024 18: 56
            Quote: paul3390
            Exactly! And Newton wrote 300 years ago - his laws are completely outdated...

            As global and comprehensive - yes. For more than 100 years, Newton's laws have been only a special case, applicable only within certain limits.
        2. +1
          28 February 2024 15: 07
          And what has changed globally in terms of sociology? Have humans evolved into swarming insects and obey the queen queen's orders? Or, on the contrary, have they stopped forming groups based on material and family ties? The proportions of social groups have changed. But the laws of their interaction themselves have not gone anywhere
          1. 0
            28 February 2024 17: 46
            Quote: Single-n
            But the laws of their interaction themselves have not gone anywhere

            The whole point is that there are no laws of development, because each person is individual
            1. 0
              29 February 2024 08: 39
              Each brick is individual. But for some reason neither architects nor builders pay attention to this, and residents don’t even care :))
              By the way, are you being treated with INDIVIDUAL medications? Do you eat INDIVIDUAL foods? Maybe the composition of your atmosphere is INDIVIDUAL?
              Reduce delusions of grandeur.
              1. +1
                29 February 2024 09: 20
                Quote: Single-n
                Each brick is individual
                It is possible that you have straight thoughts, like everyone else, and in your head you do not have gray matter that ensures the regulation of all vital functions of the body, but a brick, which you call individual. Maybe. But everything is wrong with me wink
        3. -4
          28 February 2024 15: 17
          Quote: paul3390
          ..... Lenin said that the final victory of socialism on the planet will not be swift and instantaneous, ebbs and flows, ups and downs, revolutions and counter-revolutions are inevitable.. ..

          Quote: Dutchman Michel
          Well, you never know what he said. It was a hundred years ago


          Right. As Lenin said a hundred years ago and as he noted today paul3390, That's exactly how it turns out. Much water has passed under the bridge, but Dutchman Michel and after a hundred years, as I see it, I am not able to understand the meaning. You have to refute it with logic, but who now remembers about this... heh... heh... a hundred years later...
          1. -1
            28 February 2024 17: 47
            Quote: ivan2022
            Must be refuted with logic
            So you start to refute it. Logic. If only you can think
      2. 0
        2 March 2024 02: 40
        Quote: paul3390
        You can’t argue against the laws of social development..

        So the Marxist-Leninist-Stalinist legacy could not resist the laws of social development and collapsed into rotten dust
  5. -5
    28 February 2024 06: 37
    Recently a monument to Solzhenitsyn was erected in Kislovodsk. It’s as if people didn’t even notice it and don’t notice it. Well, there’s some kind of statue and that’s it. This means that someone “at the top” does not want to debunk the myth
    about “genius” and “justice”, about “honesty” and “patriotism” of Solzhenitsyn. This means that the same ones will hide the truth about Gorbachev’s betrayal.
    As for the KGB. I recently watched, in my opinion, a gorgeous film “Where the Motherland Begins” with Tsyganov, Snigir and Taratorkin in the lead roles. It is clearly shown that the KGB certainly understood already under Gorbachev that
    we must look forward and think about the fate of the Motherland of Russia, and not about the fate of the Motherland of the USSR. So the Andropov and post-Andropov KGB were omnipotent only in words and could defeat the spies, but in front of the traitors
    at the top of the Communist Party of the SS he was powerless. But there were those who understood that Russia, and not just the USSR, is worthy of the word Motherland, because thanks to them today Russia has an effective FSB
  6. +6
    28 February 2024 08: 06
    If the Internet and social networks, as well as mobile phones and personal computers appeared in 80, the USSR would have survived.
    We grew up in incubator information conditions, when we were given one-sided and limited information. And opponents took advantage of this when the government, under the leadership of Gorbachev, opened windows to the West. Soviet people were not ready for pro-Western propaganda and that “glasnost”, under the guise of which the country’s achievements were belittled, pride was destroyed and doubts were introduced into the soul of every Soviet person.
    Even now, a big contrast is visible between the comments before the SVO and after, when, due to open and broad discussions and transmission of news through internal social networks and websites, immunity to propaganda began to form and the clouding from pro-Western lies began to disappear. Therefore, pro-Western social networks are fighting against such discussions and comments.
    1. +2
      29 February 2024 08: 40
      The main propaganda was the standard of living. Especially its outer part.
  7. +6
    28 February 2024 08: 10
    At the beginning of the article there is a very eloquent photograph. It shows the simpleton Gorbachev and the insidious deceivers of American presidents.

    It would seem that this sad story with Gorbachev should have sobered up and cleared the minds of our Russian capitalist elites.
    But, unfortunately, the deceptions did not end with Gorbachev. We have one intelligence officer from the FSB with the rank of colonel, and the West has so far deceived him.
    1. 0
      28 February 2024 09: 26
      Gorbachev betrayed the communists who believed him, entrusted him with the country and the people, and the enemies of the USSR “liberated” by him betrayed him. After all, he wanted to destroy socialism and the power of the CPSU, to make capitalism and the power of the enemies of the USSR, to rule this State for a long time, but the enemies of the USSR immediately turned him down as soon as thanks to him they captured the USSR.
      1. +3
        28 February 2024 11: 37
        Quote: tatra
        Gorbachev betrayed the communists who believed him and entrusted the country and people

        According to the Constitution of the USSR, the country was entrusted to the Soviets, the party must deal with legislation and personnel issues, and the communists required were not to “believe”, but to demand.. There was no “faith” in the CPSU Charter.
        Khrushchev abandoned the dictatorship of the proletariat back in 1961. And this was already a statement of open betrayal. It turns out that some kind of inferior communists were.......
        1. -1
          28 February 2024 16: 40
          Well, what kind of stupidity is this? The benefactors of the enemies of the USSR, Gorbachev and Yeltsin, pretended to be “loyal communists” for 30 years, and would have pretended to be until their death if Gorbachev had not risen to power in the USSR.
  8. +9
    28 February 2024 08: 31
    Well, again it’s the foreign country’s fault. And the degenerates in power, who destroyed the economy, and then the whole country, simply stood nearby.
    1. -2
      28 February 2024 12: 29
      Quote: Wacht an der Spree
      And the degenerates in power, who destroyed the economy, and then the whole country, just stood nearby

      Where have you seen such degenerates who ruined the country, but themselves became billionaires?
      1. -1
        29 February 2024 09: 20
        I haven't seen it anywhere. The communists don’t need money, they tried their best for thanks.
  9. +5
    28 February 2024 08: 42
    Citizens soon found themselves with nothing, but it was too late
    But even now the majority of citizens have a broken empty trough, and a separate part has a whole and far from empty one.
    1. 0
      29 February 2024 09: 33
      Now the majority of citizens live much better than in the Soviet Union, since in a market economy people have access to a wide range of consumer goods, including high-quality imported goods, which the party decided not to import into the Soviet Union.
  10. +2
    28 February 2024 08: 52
    As previously noted (How the Soviet Union was killed), the masters of the collective West skillfully waged an information (cold) war against the USSR.
    It is probably not correct to say that the USSR was destroyed. We need to look at this historical moment more broadly, and then the true reason for what happened will become clear.
    Everyone remembers that there were two revolutions in Russia, the first was the February bourgeois revolution and the second was the October socialist revolution. As a result of the civil war, supporters of the socialist revolution defeated supporters of the bourgeois revolution, and only after that the USSR emerged with a one-party system of power. (End of the active phase of the civil war on October 25, 1922, the date of creation of the USSR was December 30, 1922).
    But attempts to overthrow the power of the Bolsheviks, and then the CPSU, did not stop until 1991.
    To summarize the above, the collapse of the USSR is a victory for counter-revolutionary forces in Russia. hi
  11. +6
    28 February 2024 09: 20
    Actually, it was precisely this possible development of events that Plekhanov, Lenin, Trotsky, and even Comrade Stalin himself wrote about. That is, the danger of degeneration of the workers’ state and betrayal by the top of the party was seen and realized very clearly. However, this is exactly what happened. Why is a separate question...
    1. +3
      28 February 2024 09: 55
      Quote: paul3390
      Why - a separate question...

      In short - negative selection into power in the late USSR. This was facilitated by bureaucracy and excesses. The pro-power elites, especially those on the outskirts, developed petty property interests. The almighty KGB could not or did not want to control the centrifugal processes that had begun.

      Negative selection into power is now even more acute. Hypocrites and money-grubbers are selected. All of them are qualified consumers.
      1. +3
        28 February 2024 09: 59
        Without a doubt. But it always seemed to me that the reason was somewhat different. In the Second World War, lost by the Soviet Union... Lost because we lost 4 million communists. Precisely those to whom Comrade Stalin planned to leave power in the Soviet country. Those whom he spent 20 years preparing to govern the state. Precisely those who would not allow the party leadership to betray the cause of socialism. Precisely those who should have transferred to the real power of the Soviets instead of the party one...

        And the USSR was no longer able to make up for this loss...
      2. +3
        28 February 2024 12: 39
        Quote: Stas157
        In short - negative selection into power in the late USSR.

        The selection was positive. The selection was determined by the Party Charter. According to the Charter, scoundrels and thieves were not supposed to become communists. But only to highly moral people.
        THERE WAS ALMOST NO ONE TO SELECT FROM. That way it will be truer and more honest to admit.
        The history of a people is the history of its moral ups and downs. This is written about in the Bible (Deuteronomy chapter 28)

        And the same Gorbachev, when he said: “Russia’s natural wealth has corrupted society,” understood this. And he made a very profitable conclusion for himself - he took advantage of the general depravity among fools in order to at least enrich himself. He didn’t want, you understand, to put his life on the altar of the people, who would then trample everything and steal it to hell anyway... And there’s no need to pretend to be inferior, naive cretins who “have been deceived by bad people again”.....
        1. 0
          29 February 2024 09: 41
          People were recruited into the party according to a single criterion - willingness to unquestioningly obey their superiors. They recruited opportunistic careerists and voila. When the Politburo got tired of the scoop and they decided to quickly destroy it, the members of the CPSU obediently took up the matter and went to hand over their party cards.
          1. +2
            2 March 2024 02: 49
            absolutely right. and all the howling about the mythical super-duper communists, whom someone “raised” there, is just fantasy, absolutely not related to life.
            it’s enough to remember how Lenin’s “guard” of the finest communists remarkably tore each other to shreds after the death of each of their leaders - both Lenin himself and Dzhugashvilli
      3. 0
        29 February 2024 11: 19
        Quote: Stas157
        The almighty KGB could not or did not want to control the centrifugal processes that had begun.

        But as almighty KGB could control those to whom he was subordinated in 1959?
        3. The State Security Committee works under the direct leadership and control of the Central Committee of the CPSU. The State Security Committee under the Council of Ministers of the USSR is responsible for ensuring state security in the country and systematically reports on all its work to the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR, and local bodies of the KGB - respectively to the Central Committee of the Communist Parties of the Union Republics, regional committees, regional committees, city committees, district party committees and the State Security Committee under the Council of Ministers of the USSR...

        That is, the Office cannot do anything without the approval of the Central Committee. Well, then what to do with the same Shevardnadze or Kravchuk - ask them for permission to work on them? And should they report on their work? laughing
        The maximum that the Office could do was quietly and unnoticed to accumulate folders. But she could put them into action only at the command of her native party. So they decided in Georgia to change the top - and immediately Chevy had folders for all those being cleaned. Rashidov's roof lost the squabble under the carpet - and immediately the prosecutors received the command "fas" and the same daddies.
  12. +6
    28 February 2024 09: 26
    Samsonov started with the wrong photos. It was necessary to start with a couple of indicative photos from the American exhibition in Moscow - in one Brezhnev looks sadly at American achievements, realizing that
    People were simply looking for a well-fed, “beautiful” life. They dreamed of Western abundance and wanted to remain in the “showcase of capitalism.”

    and they were absolutely right - no one promised them socialism in poverty. No, they were just promised abundance, which never came :(( Yes, he slightly corrected the situation, but it was too late.
    And on the other, the boy is completely shocked by them. It is this boy who will be haunted by his childhood memories all his life, contrasting with reality, he will pass them on to his children, and when he is about 45, they will be intensified by stories like the “crush for chewing gum,” in which more than two dozen people died, and even more received injuries, and they spilled out on him in 1991.
  13. -1
    28 February 2024 09: 28
    I wonder how many years the idol of the enemies of the USSR, Solzhenitsyn, would have been imprisoned now if he had behaved the same way as he did under Soviet power?
  14. +4
    28 February 2024 09: 36
    There’s nothing to even argue with - you can’t argue with a system where some misconceptions are proven with the help of axioms, which are also misconceptions.

    By the way, Lenin came from a hostile country and was a foreign agent...

    In general, it’s crazy nonsense, as almost always from this author.

    There is such a profession - carrying crap.
    1. +2
      28 February 2024 10: 32
      Quote: S.Z.
      In general, it’s crazy nonsense, as almost always from this author.

      I like the topics Samsonov raises. Topics that have yet to be comprehended and assessed from the distance of today. Much was not discussed in the Soviet Union and was presented in the “correct” form convenient for that state.
      You may disagree with the author on many things, but his articles are an invitation to dialogue. And, judging by the number of comments, it is.
      1. +3
        28 February 2024 12: 54
        “I like the topics Samsonov raises.”

        Me too.

        Often it seems to me that he is just kidding, since the range of nonsense is off the charts, and the text itself speaks of the author’s literacy.

        “Much was not discussed in the Soviet Union and was presented in the “correct” form convenient for that state.”

        It's the same today.

        "You may disagree with the author on many things, but his articles are an invitation to dialogue."

        Again, an argument in favor of the fact that he is kidding - the Author himself does not participate in the discussion. Perhaps he is laughing in front of the monitor - “What idiots, they took nonsense at face value!”
        1. +4
          28 February 2024 15: 13
          Quote: S.Z.
          Often it seems to me that he is just kidding, since the range of nonsense is off the charts.

          What is typical is that they tend to wander from article to article almost unchanged. And every time it causes heated discussions with the same theses. The same people agree with the same positions and rush to defend them from those who disagree with them for the same reasons.
          Quote: S.Z.
          Perhaps he is laughing in front of the monitor - “What idiots, they took nonsense at face value!”

          It is quite likely that this is the case. It turns out to be an interesting social experiment.
  15. +3
    28 February 2024 10: 28
    [quoteThere has been a widespread replication of banned literature, samizdat, semi-underground literature and other things.][/quote] Perhaps we should not have tried to exclude Western points of view, but to criticize them sensibly and contrast them with ours. And there was something to oppose, something to cover. Perhaps the theory of communism had developed with the times, and alternative ways would have been found to the collapse of the USSR. At our university we had a course “Criticism of foreign theories of state and law.” These theories themselves were not allowed. Accordingly, this course was of no interest to anyone.
    1. +1
      4 March 2024 11: 21
      victor50
      The fact is that, for the most part, this entire ideological struggle was very clumsy and inconsistent. But there were exceptions.
      I remember how the institute gave a lecture on the activities of sects. The KGB officer spoke. There was just an ad hanging up. The hall was full. The lecture was incredibly interesting, the KGB officers talked about the sabotage activities of sectarians, who finances them from abroad and with what amounts
  16. +7
    28 February 2024 11: 18
    Each person from that time often has his own image of the then USSR. I have always been surprised how memories on the same theme of childhood and youth, “born in the USSR,” differ in many ways from each other. It seems like they went to the same schools, watched the same films, everything on TV was the same for 2 or 3 programs - but they often remember differently, as if everyone lived in their own USSR... Then reproaches and even insults begin on the forums from poorly educated people, like “You don’t know a damn thing! It wasn’t like that! But it was like that, I’ll tell you right now!” And they talk about how in the 70s and 80s “there were no jackets for sale.” Or, as under Brezhnev, certain granddaughters and grandmothers went hungry. The whole country, especially women, were struggling with excess weight (a country of fat men and fat women), even rhythmic gymnastics on TV didn’t really help, and a certain grandmother and her grandson were gnawing the last crust...

    I understand that
    1) The USSR could really be different. Moscow - one life, Khatsapetovka - they lived a completely different life. In the mid-80s I visited Tallinn and was amazed by the abundance and variety of products in the stores.

    2) The USSR in the 60s was one thing, in the 70s it was different - it could be very different. Memories - it is necessary to clarify the time and place. Nowadays it’s popular to peddle information about my mother, a collective farm milkmaid, who received a 20-ruble pension on her collective farm. And after the army, my friend invited me to visit his mother, a farm worker, who, to celebrate, bought him a car (a savings book). During the harvest season, a combine operator could also buy himself a car. And a 20 ruble pension - with your own garden and vegetable garden, many had everything of their own, they only bought bread from the general store...

    3) A lot of conscious and unconscious lies and distortion. There are trolls-provocateurs who didn’t even sniff the USSR, but repeat crap composed during the Cold War in various NTS...

    By the way, professional anti-Soviet people like Zinoviev love to repent, they once wrote anti-Soviet things like “Yawning Heights”, and now - “They were aiming for the USSR, but ended up in Russia... It’s my fault.”
    1. 0
      28 February 2024 16: 49
      Well, the people on the territory of the USSR for all 106 years of the Soviet and post-Soviet period have been divided into pro-Soviet and anti-Soviet, radically different both in work and in mentality, intelligence, priorities, and attitude towards their country.
      Including the fact that the pro-Soviet people are people FOR mentality, and the anti-Soviet people are people AGAINST. And FOR their country, the anti-Soviet people never, neither under the USSR, nor after they captured the USSR, never had anything or anyone good, and never have.
      1. +1
        28 February 2024 23: 48
        And also note that an anti-adviser is always a Russophobe and vice versa.
        1. 0
          2 March 2024 06: 19
          Only Soviet power openly proclaimed the right of all nations to self-determination up to complete separation from Russia. The new government turned out to be more radical in this regard than even national groups within some nations...
          Stalin PSS, volume 4, page 13
          The dream of all Russophobes is to separate from Russia and ruin it to the maximum.
          The real "advisers" - Stalinists-Bolsheviks - welcomed them openly and in every possible way. And you are an unfinished counter, since you are against the words of Comrade Dzhugashvilli!
    2. +3
      29 February 2024 11: 26
      Quote: Timofey Charuta
      I have always been surprised how memories on the same theme of childhood and youth, “born in the USSR,” differ in many ways from each other. It seems like they went to the same schools, watched the same films, on TV everything was the same for 2 or 3 programs - but they often remember differently, as if everyone lived in their own USSR...

      And so it was. There was a ceremonial USSR - Tribaltic showcases of socialism. There was the Georgian SSR with its fantastic subsidies from the union budget. There was Central Asia, which jumped from feudalism to socialism and therefore combined these two systems.
      Even the RSFSR was different. There were cities of special and first category of supply. And there were others - like Gorky or Izhevsk with coupons for meat and dairy products in 1979. There was Kirovsk-Apatity with the sale of meat by registration in the early 80s. I have already quoted the archives of the Perm region with eternal complaints from the time of the Olympics “no milk, no meat, no soap.”
      And whoever lived where will remember this USSR.
    3. +1
      4 March 2024 11: 13
      Timofey Charuta
      I would say there were a lot of good things, but there were also a lot of shortcomings. I remember with pleasure how very cheaply my parents and I went on holiday every year, and to the sea too. How there were good products without chemicals, but... 2 types of sausage and cheese, which I personally stood in line for as a kid. And even for milk and bread I stood in line for two hours. I remember free clubs and sports sections. I graduated from a good university for free, but I no longer received distribution, because the USSR collapsed.
      I remember gray, faceless clothes, and beautiful Western things that were bought from Farza, or brought to the lucky few by relatives who had been “beyond the cordon.”
      I remember Komsomol meetings with empty speeches, at which people fell asleep.
      In short, there were a lot of contradictions. A crisis was brewing in the country, and those who were supposed to prevent it either silently watched what was happening, or were already following instructions from behind the cordon.
    4. +1
      4 March 2024 11: 17
      Timofey Charuta
      Life in the Soviet village was not easy. A friend of mine from college brought country products all the time, and their family had a car. But I was in the village and saw that they plowed from 5 in the morning until 9 in the evening. "City" people didn't work that much
  17. +7
    28 February 2024 11: 54
    Quote: Silhouette
    Your example only confirms the thesis of creating not a socialist civilization, but a socialist chimera, the unviability of which has been proven by the history of not only Russia, but also many other countries - China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Ethiopia, etc.

    What is chimerical in the existence and successful development today of the People's Republic of China, Vietnam, Kampuchea, North Korea, Cuba. And what is Ethiopia doing in this line?
    What is chimerical about the victories of the USSR, North Korea and Vietnam in wars against the mighty capitalist powers themselves?
    What is chimerical that the USSR, with its industrialization, led the world out of the crisis of 1929-1933, then saved it from the world domination of fascism and led humanity into space exploration, that the PRC today is pulling the world economy along with it?
    1. +3
      28 February 2024 13: 52
      Quote: Kostadinov
      Is China today dragging the world economy along with it?

      The chimera is that China is neither a socialist nor a communist state in principle. The means of production are 90% owned by private individuals. ordinary banal capitalism under the leadership of the Communist (type) party.
      Pulls well - lucky with guidance and resources....
      1. -2
        28 February 2024 16: 52
        The communists are in power in China, and they partly repeated the Soviet NEP, when the communists themselves took up the development of the country and allowed their own and foreign capitalists to work.
      2. +1
        28 February 2024 17: 34
        Quote: your1970
        The chimera is that China is neither a socialist nor a communist state in principle.... The means of production are 90% owned.


        The chimera is that books on Marxism have been published in Russia for more than 70 years, and even in 70 years, almost no one has read anything from beginning to end. “It wasn’t about the reel” or even about who owned the means of production. You don’t know the basics, my friend, but then.... yoklmn....

        Socialism is a system in which the rights of the elected government significantly exceed the rights of the bourgeois parliament. It’s no use explaining in more detail what it means to throw beads.
        But it was in this direction that the main blow was made after 1991. The All-Russian Congress of People's Deputies was shot in October 1993 and since then congresses of the legislative branch have been prohibited.
        And the modern State Duma has scanty rights. Everything is according to Marx, only the other way around! However, like the brains of modern “dear Russians”...
        1. 0
          29 February 2024 09: 56
          Yes, yes, a very complex topic, not only everyone will understand.
          Even in the Soviet Union, people did not understand how much power they had, so they unquestioningly obeyed the orders of the party leadership.
        2. -1
          29 February 2024 11: 32
          Quote: ivan2022
          The chimera is that books on Marxism have been published in Russia for more than 70 years, and even in 70 years, almost no one has read anything from beginning to end.

          Thus, the entire methodology of teaching Marxism-Leninism and political economy in the USSR was aimed at discouraging any interest in studying them among the broad masses. smile
          Otherwise, God forbid, little people start reading the works of the founders, understanding them, and then they will come to uncomfortable questions. For the founders sometimes wrote this...
          Summarize. Muscovy was educated and raised in the terrible and vile school of Mongol slavery. She was strengthened only by becoming a virtuoso in the art of slavery. Even after its liberation, Muscovy continued to play its traditional role of slave turned master. Subsequently, Peter the Great combined the political art of a Mongol slave with the proud aspirations of a Mongol ruler, to whom Genghis Khan bequeathed to carry out his plan to conquer the world.
          1. +1
            2 March 2024 06: 41
            So, for Europe there is only one alternative: either Muscovite-led Asian barbarism will fall like an avalanche on her head, or she must restore Poland, thus protecting herself from Asia with twenty million heroes.”

            K. Marx. Speech at a Polish meeting in London on January 22.01.1867, 16. Soch., vol. 206, p. 208-1861 on the reform of XNUMX

            We have been hearing everything about the barbarian Muscovites and the “heroes” who are defending Europe from them. True, now the “heroes” are ancient Ukrainians, but otherwise nothing has changed - the Russophobes are just copying Marx.
    2. +1
      2 March 2024 06: 34
      Quote: Kostadinov
      What is chimerical about the existence and successful development of the PRC today?

      The fact that the Soviets still consider the PRC to be “communist”.
      У Xinhua (the official news agency of the PRC government), with reference to the Chinese analogue of the RSPP, you can see interesting statistics about the structure of the Chinese economy:
      - 60% of GDP growth is the private sector
      - more than 50% of tax revenues come from the private sector
      - 90% of new jobs are also in the private sector

      http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-03/06/c_137020127.htm

      Quote: Kostadinov
      Vietnam, Cuba.

      who are also diligently developing private enterprises and removing restrictions on private ownership of means of production. Fortunately, I have been there more than once and personally seen it - Vietnam has moved on, Cuba is at the beginning of the journey.
      Quote: Kostadinov
      DPRK
      - and these, with hereditary power in the third generation, are also building “communism”? )))
      So this is what you are, real communism! ))
  18. +6
    28 February 2024 12: 36
    As previously noted (How the Soviet Union was killed), the masters of the collective West skillfully waged an information (cold) war against the USSR. Various units of the future fifth column were supported and formed: from dissidents to national separatists and outright thieves

    Here we must understand that we were not saints - and we ourselves tried to put pressure on the “schism” within the United States. Moreover, they began to do this around the same time as the United States, if not earlier. We had active interaction with black minorities (even at the dawn of the USSR), from there specialists (the same Robinson) and cultural figures of African-American origin were brought in for propaganda purposes. They were “rubbed in”, then released back, or they worked for many years directly from the USSR, and the materials of their work were distributed through “vacationers”. The USSR also worked with trade unionists and tried to use the “Great Depression” in the interests of propaganda - they tried to involve (sometimes quite successfully) artists, musicians, writers and ordinary workers. Somewhat later they moved on to indoctrination of the intelligentsia, when it became clear that it would not be possible to “rock” American society and the VD began to decline. After cooling off with the Comintern and the Second World War, we had no time for propaganda “to the masses” for a long time - we preferred to drag secrets more quietly, we returned to propaganda in the early 60s, but I personally assess the line as archaic and, mostly, artless. By that time, the amers had already launched a consumer society, tried to reduce interracial tensions, and themselves launched more than successful counter-propaganda. Before the Vietnam War, everything on this field from the USSR was bad, very bad. Although they tried to cling to it through space and through Khrushchev’s visit and through exhibitions of achievements.
    At the first stage of the war in Vietnam, we began to influence quite successfully and generally perked up, but then the so-called “détente” began and we closed our shop, and decided not to irritate the amers again.
    The moment was missed - in the 80s we were already kicked with all our might on our own field.

    What conclusions can be drawn from this? The Amers quite successfully countered the emanations of the USSR “to the masses,” gradually closing vulnerabilities. Through diplomacy, the amers also very successfully blocked this activity - the cooling off with the Comintern, and “Détente” are a good example of this.
    The USSR’s “towards America” line, although it had successful pages, was generally unsystematic and rather quickly slipped into archaism.
    On this field, the amers outplayed us dry, we absolutely did not learn from them how to counteract this.
    1. +1
      4 March 2024 11: 36
      Knell wardenheart
      This time I gave you a plus - I agree with you in your understanding of what happened.
      There is one caveat here. The fact is that Russia has almost always pursued a policy of “active defense,” while the West has always used offensive tactics. Even if Russia itself declared war on someone, they either recaptured their historical territories or waged wars in order to secure their borders. By the way, the Northern Military District is also an example of such a defensive war. The expansion of Russia took place either through the annexation of sparsely populated territories (such as Siberia) or voluntary annexation to Russia.
      Trotsky just advocated offensive tactics (world revolution). The Comintern also used offensive tactics. In fact, these are projects similar to the Western globalist project. But with Stalin coming to power, a defensive course was taken. And this was completely justified - the country did not have the resources for external expansion.
      Since then, the USSR and Russia have taken an exclusively defensive course. Even in the sphere of ideology and culture, the policy is purely defensive. Despite the fact that the West has relied on cultural expansion.
      The whole world watches American films. Who even watched Soviet films and listened to Soviet music?
      Not to mention the current times, when such slag as “Air” appears on the screens.
      But defense is a potentially losing tactic. Lenin also warned that “the best type of defense is an offensive.”
  19. +4
    28 February 2024 14: 03
    Regarding Jackson Venik's amendment. The author reflects its essence incorrectly. It limited US trade with the USSR, and several other countries where there was no free emigration of Jews. There were two types of restrictions - bans and discriminatory tariffs. The emigration of Jews from the USSR was not automatic, but individual, by decision of the authorities. A boy left my class with his parents, but they waited for a couple of years. Jackson and Venik tried to put pressure on the USSR. Look on the Internet for pictures of these senators - vile types.
    The fate of this amendment is interesting.
    In the late 80s - early 90s, there was a mass emigration of Jews from the USSR - the amendment has not been canceled.
    The Russian Federation and Israel have established diplomatic relations - the amendment is alive.
    The visa regime between the Russian Federation and Israel has been abolished, the amendment is live!
    It was canceled shortly before the Crimean Spring, when the whole world was laughing at the Americans, and in Russia and Israel they were simply laughing. The history of this amendment teaches that Americans accept sanctions very easily and quickly, but lifting them is a long process and, as a rule, contrary to common sense. The sanctions that have been imposed against Russia last at least until the middle of the 21st century and beyond.
    It's OK. We work and live with the knowledge of this and build a new world.
    1. +3
      29 February 2024 11: 40
      Quote: Glagol1
      It was canceled shortly before the Crimean Spring, when the whole world was laughing at the Americans, and in Russia and Israel they were simply laughing.

      The amendment was repealed on November 16, 2012. But before its cancellation, at the same meeting, the House of Representatives adopted a bill on the “Magnitsky list.” I submitted the post and accepted the post. smile
  20. -2
    28 February 2024 14: 31
    The Western policy of supporting all kinds of dissent has not brought as much benefit as buying traitors, either Gorbachev or Yeltsin.
    This factor can be traced in modern times. Bärbock is going to kill the Germans, but help Ukraine
  21. +1
    28 February 2024 15: 12
    Here you need to clearly separate the flies from the cutlets. Yeltsin and his gang are traitors - yes. Zyuganov is a good person - yes. But at the same time, capitalism is a normal, correct system, and socialism is a utopia. The incorrect, utopian socialist system had to be changed according to the Chinese model, but the incompetent Gorbachev got down to business. As a result, the country almost died; it’s a miracle that we managed to steer clear.
    1. 0
      28 February 2024 16: 55
      How tired I am of stupid manuals about “utopia”. What is a utopia if officials are engaged in the development of the country, which is their responsibility, and not businessmen, for whom the main thing is the thirst for profit, and not the good for the country and the people?
      1. 0
        29 February 2024 10: 06
        As you correctly noted, a businessman has a motivation - a thirst for profit. What is the official's motivation? He is essentially a hired worker, he goes to work and receives a salary.
        All employees have responsibilities, but not all try to fulfill them. And if officials get tired of fulfilling their duties, they can easily destroy the country, which is what happened with the USSR.
        1. -1
          29 February 2024 11: 38
          No, I precisely clarified that the development of the State under socialism is the RESPONSIBILITY of officials. But businessmen don’t care about development, they only care about profit at any cost. That’s why 80% of business in the Russian Federation is speculation and construction, where you can get rich, but build “out of crap and sticks.”
          1. -1
            29 February 2024 12: 11
            Why then are there successful capitalist countries?
            Why do capitalists there not only engage in speculation, but are also no less willing to create and develop industrial production and invest in scientific research?
    2. +2
      28 February 2024 17: 12
      Quote: Andrey Mishin
      But at the same time, capitalism is a normal, correct system, and socialism is a utopia. The incorrect, utopian socialist system had to be changed according to the Chinese model,

      It was the Chinese who created the economy modeled on the Soviet NEP.
      It’s curious, how did “utopia” defeat “correct” German capitalism in 1945? Maybe you just don’t know that in the original socialism is simply an expansion of the powers of the elected authorities in the state. "Utopia" is different here... Dividing into parts a country with a population of nearly 300 million with just a simple letter signed at night in a Belarusian forest in December 1991 by three dudes - for a mentally normal society - is “utopia”. laughing
  22. +1
    28 February 2024 19: 46
    — Tell me, what manifestations of anti-Semitism did you experience in the USSR?
    — In June 1967, our squadron in Egypt received the task of preparing to bomb Tel Aviv. So they suspended me from flying!
  23. 0
    28 February 2024 23: 23
    What's wrong with people wanting to have a car TV and a refrigerator (good)? My family did not have this until 90. Jews are a very intelligent nation, and it has been Russia’s misfortune all along that, unlike the United States, it has not been able to use the talents of Jews to its advantage.
    1. -1
      29 February 2024 17: 36
      Your family is strange. In my family, my father was a worker, my mother a nurse. And since the 60s, everyone has had this. Aunt went to Sakhalin “for canned goods.” Then I bought a house near Leningrad. Automobile. Those who worked and worked hard had 10 thousand... by the end of the 80s. For example, in a printing house on piecework...

      And everything was gone. In the 90s.... And you must have gotten rich then? I see......
      1. +1
        1 March 2024 23: 24
        My father is a teacher, my mother is a doctor, the salary is a total of 300-350 rubles, as far as I remember. At the same time, the refrigerator was a single-chamber Yuryuzan and the TV set was Horizon b/w, perhaps the parents were not resourceful, but I don’t remember that we could go to the store and buy, say, a ZIL refrigerator or a Rubin TV.
      2. 0
        1 March 2024 23: 27
        And it’s not clear what disappeared in the 90s?? As far as I remember, the deposits burned in 90 or 91, and the opportunity to buy appeared in the 90s, another thing is that the population became impoverished.
  24. -3
    29 February 2024 10: 10
    Quote: Igor1915
    What's wrong with people wanting to have a car TV and a refrigerator (good)? My family didn’t have this until 90


    The bad thing here is, good gentlemen and your honors, that in the USSR anyone who wanted could easily buy a TV set and a refrigerator in installments. There is really no need to explain what an installment plan is to those who lived in the USSR. I took a salary certificate and a passport from work, brought it to any store and issued it for a year or two, and for some goods even more. As a student, I managed to pay 2-3 installments based on references from friends, bought expensive stereo equipment, and I don’t remember what else.

    Only chronic drunkards, binge drinkers, who had not yet been escorted to the LTP, or sectarians, there were plenty of them even then, could live without a refrigerator and TV. The shakers, the whips, the eunuchs, the Anabaptists, the witnesses, don’t understand why - TV is prohibited according to the charter. It seems like there is no refrigerator...
    I agree with the cars - they didn’t sell them in installments, it was really out of reach for many.

    But when the Gorbachev-Yeltsin-Gaidar reforms began in the 90s, then many people really didn’t care about refrigerators, because there was nothing to put in there. But on TV there are all busty beauty contests and films about Stalin’s camps and the bloody KGB.

    Of course, there was plenty of all sorts of bullshit in the USSR, but only those who actually lived then can and have the right to write about it...
    1. 0
      1 March 2024 23: 37
      Firstly, I was born in the USSR and I remember quite well from 84, perhaps in the 70s it was easy to buy a 2-chamber refrigerator or a color TV, but in my time I did not see these goods on open sale. For example, I can say that Moment glue was sold in Moscow in one place and a relative from Tashkent came to us specifically to buy it, but they tried to buy my childhood dream of a snow scooter for 5 years, imagine, they never bought it. If someone knew what you needed, you could buy it without any problems, but if you don’t have them, then, like now, you can go and buy a modern washing machine or, say, a beautiful chandelier??
  25. +2
    29 February 2024 20: 53
    The USSR rotted long before Gorbachev. Even the seriously ill Andropov tried to fix something. In the Caucasus (and not only) in the USSR, underground workshops operated and people built themselves 3-story brick houses, although bricks were not officially sold. For used GAZ-24 was offered 25 thousand rubles. with an engineer's salary of 130 rubles
    1. 0
      1 March 2024 02: 40
      Quote: AC130 Ganship
      The USSR rotted long before Gorbachev. Even the seriously ill Andropov tried to fix something. In the Caucasus (and not only) in the USSR, underground workshops operated and people built themselves 3-story brick houses, although bricks were not officially sold. For used GAZ-24 was offered 25 thousand rubles. with an engineer's salary of 130 rubles
      The laws of the state, especially fair ones, cannot “rot”. This is some kind of crazy nonsense. The delirium of a society dying in madness.

      It is not the USSR that has rotted. This society was rotten and did not want to live according to Soviet laws. He is closer not even to laws, but to thieves’ concepts.
      Leopard change his spots
    2. -1
      1 March 2024 02: 50
      A society that is unable to resist thieves and traitors will inevitably disappear from the face of the Earth. Just as an unviable species disappears, becoming food for others. /H. Darwin/
  26. -1
    2 March 2024 02: 58
    Quote: S.Z.
    he’s just kidding, because the range of nonsense is off the charts, and the text itself speaks of the author’s literacy

    chopping cabbage, nothing personal.
    the site is simply a reserve of Soviet non-knowledgeable women who are perfectly happy with this nonsense.
    + a little provocation and voila - tons of comments and excellent exhaust.

    ps, in fact, the author is not alone in this - social networks are full of “red” information gypsies who successfully sell primitive Marxism-Leninism-Stalinism to crowds of sufferers and get very good money from them.
    pragmatic capitalist approach to the "grabbing" people, nothing personal
  27. 0
    2 March 2024 14: 55
    The author did not say the main thing. That no myth, no paradise would have destroyed the USSR if not for the betrayal at the very top of some and the bungling of others.
    While no one doubts the role of the traitors alone - Yakovlev and Yeltsin - no clear accusations have yet been brought against Gorbachev. But at the very top they protected and supported all this nationalism.
    The KGB simply bombarded the Central Committee with alarming notes about the impending disaster, but the response was silence.
    This does not come as any surprise, given that Gorby received a very large pension from the Americans until his death. But besides Gorby, there were others. But none of the country's top officials spoke out against it. The regional committee secretaries were also silent.
  28. +1
    2 March 2024 15: 22
    The other side is the callousness of officials. They believed that the most important thing was the “eternally living Leninist teaching.” But the world has changed. And Lenin himself warned about the danger of “dogmatism and scolding.” And no one believed the words of the top. But beautiful clothes, music and photos of the “beautiful life” leaked out from there. Despite the fact that the children of these party functionaries themselves wore jeans and listened to “imported” music.
    I remember those times. Empty store shelves. Gray faceless things. What could the gray officials produce? Only dullness! Meanwhile, one of the most terrible punishments is precisely dullness. It was the grayness and dullness that I remember Magadan.
    Meanwhile, cassettes and “layers” with bright and rich music were passed around. It was possible to buy beautiful fashionable things underground, “from the fartsa.” The black market flourished, and thanks to it, organized crime flourished. So those who were “at the top” then were also to blame for the crime of the wild 90s.
    At that time, messages about the threat of war and aggressive imperialism were heard loud and clear. And it was true. The world was then extremely close to nuclear war. But, since the elite at that time lost the trust of the people, they did not believe this either. And they believed the bright pictures from the “decaying West”, which sharply contrasted with the dull everyday life to which the rulers doomed their people.
    But everything could have been different. In the USSR there was good music, good goods, talented creators and the opportunity to provide the people with a bright and beautiful life. And Western musicians were not averse to coming to us, and consumer goods could be imported from there.
    But the rulers of the USSR chose to rot and betray their people
    1. +1
      3 March 2024 00: 59
      Rulers don't fall from the sky...
      They grow up in society the way they are raised by the morals of society.

      According to the laws of the Soviet state and the charter of the ruling party, the best should have become rulers, but according to the morals of society, “fools with initiative,” thieves and traitors, became rulers.

      A truth known since biblical times:
      all the ills of society are from its own sins, there is no other reason.
      1. 0
        4 March 2024 10: 45
        That is, you and your parents were worthy of the rulers who destroyed the USSR?
        Was it not the top of the USSR that introduced those morals that you are talking about? And weren’t they the ones who introduced those same double standards by which they wanted to live like princes and the people like servants, “builders of communism...for the party elite”?
        1. 0
          4 March 2024 11: 54
          Quote: futurohunter
          That is, you and your parents were worthy of the rulers who destroyed the USSR?

          Do you think that pointing your finger at your opponent is proof that you are right?
          I refer to the Bible. There is nothing there about me or my parents. laughing

          Was it not the top of the USSR that introduced those morals that you are talking about?

          It was not “the elite who introduced morals,” but the morals of the people that brought precisely such an elite to power.
          When else and in what other nation was there such a leadership that destroyed its own country in peacetime?

          It’s understandable....he...he...the people are wonderful, but they were unlucky with the country, with the top, with all the neighbors, with Karl Marx and even...yuck...with my parents.... hi
          1. 0
            4 March 2024 17: 27
            [quote] [quote]ivan2022
            That is, you and your parents were worthy of the rulers who destroyed the USSR?[/quote]
            Do you think that pointing your finger at your opponent is proof that you are right?[/quot]Everything is much simpler - are you ready to take responsibility for your words? Or did they run away and hide behind the Bible?

            [quote]It was not “the elite who introduced morals,” but the morals of the people that brought just such an elite to power[/quote]You are drowning here for the liberal myth “the people themselves are to blame.” Are you ready to take a share of this blame? No? And why? Or do you not belong to this “people”?

            [quote]the people are wonderful, but they are unlucky with the country, with the top [/quote]You are definitely “unlucky with the people.” But why do you write in Russian? Karl Marx - learn materiel am , was never Russian
          2. 0
            4 March 2024 19: 26
            ivan2022
            That is, you and your parents were worthy of the rulers who destroyed the USSR?

            Do you think that pointing a finger at your opponent is proof that you are right?
            Everything is much simpler - Are you personally ready to take responsibility for your words? Or did they run away and hide behind the Bible?

            It was not “the elite who introduced morals,” but the morals of the people that brought precisely such an elite to power
            You are drowning here in favor of the liberal myth “the people themselves are to blame.” Are you ready to take a share of this blame? No? And why? Or do you not belong to this “people”?

            The people are wonderful, but they were unlucky with the country, with the top
            You are definitely “out of luck with the people.” But why do you write in Russian? Karl Marx - learn materiel am , was never Russian
  29. 0
    4 March 2024 00: 29
    Quote: Arzt
    The preface says:
    "There are no fictitious persons or fictitious events in this book. People and places are named by their own names. If they are named by initials, it is for personal reasons. If they are not named at all, it is only because human memory has not preserved names - but everything was exactly."

    But I wrote, he admitted, that he had invented the events described in this book. Let me remind you that the scientific method is based on factual evidence and references to recognized scientific works, and contains the subject of research and discovery, all this is missing in Solzhenitsyn’s books.
  30. +1
    5 March 2024 21: 19
    The Soviet authorities began to demand that leaving Jews pay for the education received in the USSR. Anti-Semitism again! They tried to introduce restrictions for Jews when entering universities related to the defense industry and “regime” branches of science. Anti-Semitism again!


    It would be interesting to know how these requirements were implemented and how this was expressed with examples. There is probably nothing behind this statement other than market rumors. Has anyone seen announcements in universities that Jews should not submit documents, or instructions and orders requiring Jews not to be accepted into universities. This topic is probably very popular among Israeli Jewish immigrants, because somehow the reason for emigration had to be explained. So they fantasized about the bad USSR. The only voiced demand for the return of funds for studying at a university was justified by the condition of working for 3 years as assigned after graduating from a university. And even then, provided that the company sent you and pays for your training. Even this requirement was practically not implemented due to the lack of an implementation mechanism.
  31. 0
    9 March 2024 10: 41
    Good article, highlights interesting and important points in the confrontation between the USSR and the USA.
    But many important points, maneuvers, tricks, deceptions are forgotten by the author in this article.

    I suspect because the forgotten moments poorly characterize the party and state elite of the USSR, revealing their narrow-mindedness, stereotypedness, complacency, passivity, and reluctance to secretly attack the United States and break American society.

    1. Many concessions to the USSR in its domestic (sometimes foreign) policy to please the United States were made even earlier, under Stalin, simply because there was no other way. A simple example: In 1942-43 it was the restoration of the Russian Orthodox Church at the request of the United States. In patriotic circles it is still common to think that this was some kind of “Stalin’s turn towards the Russian people.” But no, historical documents show that this was Roosevelt's demand. He explained to Stalin that Congress could suspend Lend-Lease for oppressing the church in the USSR. And now especially religious enthusiasts are making an Orthodox saint out of Stalin. And he hated the church since seminary, and there are good reasons for this (he studied in not an ordinary seminary, dig up his biography).
    2. In those same years, because of the same Lend-Lease, the Americans forced Stalin to dissolve the Comintern.
    3. Adoption of the Helsinki Declaration of Human Rights in 1975. It was an ideological failure of the aging leaders of the USSR. They did not see the ideological trap of supposedly “universal” values.

    And the general conclusion: the USSR and the late communist ideology in the Union were not only formulaic, tedious, boring for the masses, poorly applied to reality. The USSR itself and its ideology were criminally passive, simple-minded, herbivorous, non-aggressive... insufficiently aimed at the wealth of the people of the USSR itself. Alas, those who are more focused on the abstract goals of communism, assistance to other countries, solidarity with whoever (the example of Somalia, who defected to the US side, is especially instructive).
    In this world, in order to live well and win, you have to be predators. This is simply a law of nature, no sugary ideologies (whatever you call them: humanism, communism, multiculturalism...) will change this, no matter what you say from above. Ideologies can cloud the brain, hide perspectives, give false ideals... But they cannot change the essence of life, evolution and selection. Reality will still come out and hit you hard. The United States as a country, and even more so as a society, has been predatory almost since the 19th century, openly in many ways (the “Monroe Doctrine” alone is worth it!), grew like predators, pulled ahead like predators. In the confrontation with the USSR, the American elite made the right bets on the collapse of the USSR from within with the help of dissidents who wanted to emigrate, nationalists of the most Nazi persuasion, traders, speculators, and mass cults. Everyone knows this, this is a well-covered and well-covered topic.
    BUT it’s still not customary for us to talk about the ideological “Trojan horse” from the USA and Europe in the form of humanism + human rights, it’s taboo, you can’t mention their role in the fall of the USSR.
    "Humanism is good, it is sacred!" driven into the subcortex of the brain. And the fact that the ideology of humanism is not ours, completely imported, is all silent.
  32. 0
    April 20 2024 14: 06
    Los marxistas clásicos se hartaron de decirlo ya en la primera década del siglo XX. "O la Revolución socialista se expande conquistando posiciones al capitalismo o no sobrevivirá a las asechanzas de este, y hasta la URSS caerá más temprano que tarde lo que supondrá más que el horror que por tal caída sufrirán los pueblos soviéticos, condena de la Humanidad entera a la catastrofe civilizatoria". Y en estas estamos.
    Las artimañas imperialistas con las que estos conspiraban contra la URSS, no van más allá de la anécdota. Nada pudieron contra la república soviética en los más difíciles momentos de la Guerra Civil, y ni siquiera fueron efectivas durante el periodo de des compositions de la URSS que produjo su implosión.
    Los teóricos marxistas serios así lo sostuvieron, antes, y hasta el ominoso derrumbe, mientras los "teóricos" marxistas de la URSS del momento, fabulaban sobre la "sociedad comunista" definitivamente alcanzada dejando definitivamente atrás el periodo socialista. Evidentemente, esos teóricos "marxistas" soviéticos no habían leído el "Estado y la Revolución" de Lenin en la que este teoriza que la sociedad comunista prescindirá de todo Estado, cosa imposible sin la derrota y erradicación capital delismo a escala mundial y mucho menos , en convivencia y/o connivencia "pacífica" con este. Y esto, en un momento histórico en el que el Estado soviético era omnipotente y omnipresente en la URSS y en el llamado campo socialista o comunista. Ya sabemos que el Estado es imprescindible como herramienta hasta la erradicación del capitalismo, pero pero sostener que la sociedad soviética era comunista, denota un extravío teórico aterrador. Extravío que no resiste su cotejo con las primeras páginas del citado "El Estado y la Revolución" de Vladimir Ilich.
    Lamentable e incomprensiblemente, las teorizaciones más erradas y pobres, proceden de quienes a la vista, son totalmente ignorantes y nunca llegaron a entender en extensión y profundidad, sino de un modo vulgar y superficial, que para nada les ayudan a comprender el por qué y la magnitud de la tragedia de la caída de la URSS. Los que menos saben de su Historia reciente son los pueblos ex soviéticos.
    Ya se duda de que existan a estas alturas, intellectuales entre los pueblos de la ex URSS capaces de liberarse de los prejuicios grabados a hierro candente, de falsificaciones y mistificaciones históricas. Una de estas más destructivas tendencias es la que protagoniza el clero cristiano ruso ortodoxo, al que, tal vez por un errado sentimiento patriótico, no se le incluye en la lista de enemigos de la URSS con la que este artículo comienza.
    ¿Habrá interesados ​​en otras versiones de su Historia reciente, de su propósito y devenir hasta el día de hoy?
    La tarea es ingente, esto es está muy claro, y es además imprescindible la lectura atenta de protagonistas de primera fila tan teóricos como prácticos, hasta el punto de que nos atrevemos a sostener que nadie podrá hacerse una cabal idea de los acontecimiento que ron a la Revolución rusa primero y bolchevique después, sin la para empezar, "Historia de la Revolución Rusa" de Lev Trotski.