The failure of the Wehrmacht's operation "Winter Thunderstorm"

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The failure of the Wehrmacht's operation "Winter Thunderstorm"

The Wehrmacht operation Wintergewitter or "Winter Thunderstorm" under the command of Field Marshal Erich von Manstein lasted from December 12 to 24, 1942 and ended in defeat for the Germans. Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus, Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus, did not succeed in withdrawing the 6th Army from the "cauldron".

Launching an offensive from Kotelnikovo on December 12, Gotha's 4th Army moved in the direction of Stalingrad. For the Red Army, a strike from this direction came as a surprise, which allowed the Wehrmacht to break through the defenses and advance to the Verkhne-Kumsky farm.



On December 19, the enemy “stuck” at the aforementioned settlement encountered the 2nd Guards Army under the command of R.Ya. Malinovsky. During the oncoming battles, the Germans were driven back to their original positions.

In short, this is how Operation Winter Storm is described in textbooks on stories. Meanwhile, there are facts that are often not covered in detail, but at the same time, it was these heroic actions of the soldiers and officers of the Red Army that played the most important role in the defeat of the Wehrmacht in this battle.

First of all, it is worth recalling that the offensive of the army of Herman Goth “tightly” stalled at the Verkhne-Kumsky farm. Having reached it on December 15, the Germans could not advance a single meter until the 19th, when the 2nd Guards Army arrived in time.

The fighters of Lieutenant Colonel Diasamidze were responsible for the defense of the aforementioned line. For five days of fighting, the heroes repulsed about 30 Wehrmacht attacks. Soviet soldiers shot down more than 40 tanks and killed hundreds of Nazis.

In order to break through the positions of the defenders in Verkhne-Kumsky, the Germans unsuccessfully made 1500 sorties, dropping about 8 bombs on the regiment's location.

On December 22, Lieutenant Colonel M.S. Diasamidze was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

At the same time, one of the main reasons that forced Manstein to give the order to withdraw to the initial positions was the raid of the 24th tank corps of General Vasily Mikhailovich Badanov.

The aforementioned tank raid, “daring” in its idea and seemingly impossible, put an end to the plans of the Wehrmacht to release the Paulus army stuck near Stalingrad. During the attack, the 24th corps of General Badanov destroyed the airfield from which German aircraft flew to the besieged Stalingrad, and also diverted a large part of the enemy troops who planned to break through the "boiler" around the 6th Army.

It is worth noting that both important tasks were completed. But for the invaluable contribution to the defeat of the advancing Army Group "Don", the Soviet heroes had to pay an extremely high price. At the beginning of the operation, the 24th Corps had 10709 people. Less than 10 percent of the personnel of General Badanov managed to return from the battle alive.

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  1. +1
    April 8 2023 14: 21
    The Wehrmacht operation Wintergewitter or "Winter Thunderstorm" under the command of Field Marshal Erich von Manstein lasted from December 12 to 24, 1942 and ended in defeat for the Germans. Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus, Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus, did not succeed in withdrawing the 6th Army from the "cauldron".

    As far as we know from history, they did not intend to withdraw the 6th Army from the boiler. The goal was to break through the encirclement and organize the supply of troops in Stalingrad.
    1. Zug
      0
      April 8 2023 15: 55
      Yes, and I think, with all the desire, they would not have been able to evacuate so many people with such distances.
  2. Zug
    +1
    April 8 2023 15: 54
    For the first time I hear that Gott's group was defeated .... What kind of defeat?
  3. 0
    April 8 2023 16: 49
    The Wehrmacht operation Wintergewitter or "Winter Thunderstorm" under the command of Field Marshal Erich von Manstein lasted from December 12 to 24, 1942 and ended in defeat for the Germans.


    In fact, there was no defeat of the Don army group. There was a defeat of 8 Italian, 4 Romanian and 2 Hungarian armies. One of Hoth's three panzer divisions was sent to repulse our attack on the middle Don. And Manstein's troops held Rostov and allowed the 1st Panzer Army to leave the Caucasus. And then Manstein, with "defeated" troops, took Kharkov in February with the help of the SS Panzer Corps "Reich" transferred from France.

    Daring" in its design and seemingly impossible, the aforementioned tank raid put an end to the plans of the Wehrmacht to release the Paulus army stuck near Stalingrad.

    It was the offensive of the 2nd Guards. Malinovsky's army against Goth and put an end to the release, and the purpose of the raid of Badanov's tank corps was the airfield, which received fuel for the 6th Army of Paulus, due to a lack of fuel, Paulus did not make his way towards Manstein. And the situation was critical for us and it was not about the defeat of Manstein, the main thing was to hold on and push back.
  4. +1
    April 8 2023 17: 49
    First of all, it is worth recalling that the offensive of the army of Herman Goth “tightly” stalled at the Verkhne-Kumsky farm. Having reached it on December 15, the Germans could not advance a single meter until the 19th, when the 2nd Guards Army arrived in time.

    The fighters of Lieutenant Colonel Diasamidze were responsible for the defense of the aforementioned line. For five days of fighting, the heroes repulsed about 30 Wehrmacht attacks. More than 40 tanks were knocked out by Soviet military personnel and hundreds of Nazis were destroyed.

    In order to break through the positions of the defenders in Verkhne-Kumsky, the Germans unsuccessfully made 1500 sorties, dropping about 8 bombs on the regiment's location.

    What aviation? She was all involved in supplying the army of Paulus, besides, there was inclement weather.

    Here is from the same Isaev

    Already on December 12, it was decided to deploy the 4th mechanized corps to the Kotelnikovskoye direction. In reality, Volsky's corps received the order on December 13. Soviet tankers had to fight the enemy in a mobile battle. Prior to this, maneuvering actions were not the strength of the Soviet mechanized formations. In addition, the fresh 6th Panzer Division was to become their main enemy.


    On the morning of December 15, a counterattack was launched by the main forces of the 6th Mechanized Corps on the 4th Panzer Division, which was extended to the Upper Kuma wedge. At that time, the corps had 107 tanks in service. Corps brigades attacked Verkhne-Kumsky from all sides. A brigade of flamethrower tanks and a battalion of the 87th Rifle Division also took part in the offensive. The "armored group" of the 6th Panzer Division found itself in a very delicate position. She had little infantry, the bulk of the motorized infantry of the Raus division was still on the southern bank of the Aksai and covered the flanks. The commander of the armored group Hunesdorf tried to leave two companies of tanks in Verkhne-Kumsky, go out and fight in an open field with the forces of his tanks. However, this led to the fact that while the bulk of Hunesdorf's tanks fought on the outskirts of Verkhne-Kumsky, he was attacked and taken by storm.


    One way or another, in two days of fighting, the Soviet mechanized corps managed not only to prevent the enemy from advancing towards Myshkovo, but also to force the 6th Panzer Division to leave Verkhne-Kumsky and retreat to Aksay. Moreover, another day (December 16) was spent by the Germans to eliminate the threat from the 36th mechanized brigade at Vodiansky.


    Not only the 1378th regiment of Diasamidze, but also the whole 4th mechanized corps fought there.


    https://military.wikireading.ru/343
  5. 0
    April 10 2023 15: 56
    Actually, there is a good Soviet film - "Hot Snow". Based on that story. Why forgot???
  6. 0
    20 May 2023 23: 22
    Pereslegin has an interesting analysis. The failure of this operation prolonged the war for at least a year. If Manstein had broken through to Stalingrad, the entire southern flank of the Germans would have been destroyed.

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