Nestor Makhno and his anarchy

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Nestor Makhno and his anarchy

The revolutionary path of Nestor Makhno began when he was 18 years old. He joined the ranks of the peasant group of anarcho-communists, and two years later he was arrested for the murder of a military government official. From his youth, Makhno could not imagine revolutionary activity in a different format, without a revolver in his hands.

Makhno was born into a very poor peasant Ukrainian family, but the nationalist propaganda he encountered in his homeland, amnestied by the February Revolution, caused him strong rejection. He spent nine years behind bars, the prison replaced him with a university. In Butyrka, Makhno sat in the same cell with the famous anarchist Pyotr Arshinov, and even for some time with Grigory Kotovsky.



After returning to his native Gulyaipole, Makhno ran into agitators for the Central Rada of the Ukrainian People's Republic, which seized power in Kyiv, whose propaganda was based on Russophobia and rabid Ukrainian nationalism. However, nationalist propaganda did not find support among local residents, who rightly considered that the leaders of the UNR were infinitely far from the people. For the leadership of the UNR, which appeared on the bayonets of the German-Austrian soldiers, the priority was not to solve the problems of the working people, but to plant the Ukrainian language, which was unnecessary and alien to the vast majority of the population.

Of the ideological anarchists, the closest to Makhno was the Ukrainian Nabat federation, which sought to unite like-minded people from various currents. They recognized the Makhnovist movement as their own, and ideological anarchists from all over the former empire reached out to the "father".

In the cities captured by Makhno, despite the fact that power was wholly owned by the people appointed by the ataman, the activities of any parties of the left wing were allowed, and any currencies went - from "Nikolayevka" and "Kerenok" to Soviet banknotes.

After some time, the process of decomposition began in the rebel army of Makhno. Drunkenness, hooliganism, robberies, murders began - all this led to death. Thus, using the example of the Makhnovshchina, ideological anarchists were able to make sure that anarchy does not at all give rise to order, contrary to the well-known slogan of the Makhnovists.

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  1. -3
    18 January 2023 07: 50
    After some time, the process of decomposition began in the rebel army of Makhno. Drunkenness, hooliganism, robberies, murders began - all this led to death. Thus, using the example of the Makhnovshchina, ideological anarchists were able to make sure that anarchy does not at all give rise to order, contrary to the well-known slogan of the Makhnovists.
    . Well, yes, anarchy outlives / destroys itself, and those around it will not even tolerate it.
    1. +2
      18 January 2023 08: 20
      What is the article about? I didn't understand.
      Although everything seems to be clear: Makhno is an anarchist.
      I'll bookmark the article.
      1. +5
        18 January 2023 09: 31
        Quote: Bearded
        What is the article about?

        Yes, not about anything. Makhno and the Makhnovshchina are a much deeper personality and movement
      2. +2
        18 January 2023 11: 14
        Quote: Bearded
        What is the article about? I didn't understand.
        Although everything seems to be clear: Makhno is an anarchist.
        I'll bookmark the article.


        I would add information that Makhno's name was Nestor.
        1. +4
          18 January 2023 12: 33
          Quote: sergo1914
          I would add information that Makhno's name was Nestor.

          The information is not complete... Nestor Ivanovich
          1. 0
            19 January 2023 15: 24
            I will add a book.
            "Military Literature". Makhno N.I. Memories. - Paris: 1936.
            militera.lib.ru/memo/russian/mahno_ni/
            The second book of memoirs is more interesting than the first. Makhno's observations during his trip across Russia in the summer of 1918, Makhno's stay in Moscow, his conversations with Lenin and Kropotkin are described very vividly.
            — So, you want to move illegally to your Ukraine?
            I answered:
            - Yes.
            Would you like my assistance?
            “Very much so,” I replied.
            Then Lenin turned to Sverdlov with the words:
            “Who is directly in our bureau for the transfer of people to the South now?”
            - So, comrade, go tomorrow, the day after tomorrow or when you find it necessary to see Comrade Karpenko and ask him for everything you need for an illegal trip to Ukraine. He will also show you a reliable route across the border.
            - What border? I asked him.
            “Don't you know? A border has now been established between Russia and Ukraine. It is guarded by German troops,” Lenin remarked nervously.
            “But you consider Ukraine the South of Russia,” I remarked to him.
            “Counting is one thing, comrade, but seeing in life is another,” Lenin replied.
  2. -11
    18 January 2023 07: 52
    two years later he was arrested for the murder of a military government official.

    They would hang him then and then there would be no this anarchism ... and they were so surprisingly mildly punished in the Republic of Ingushetia for killing a person ... however, as it is now.
    An ordinary adventurer and murderer seized power and staged a bloody massacre later in the revolution.
    1. +4
      18 January 2023 09: 33
      Quote: Lech from Android.
      They would hang him then and then there would be no this anarchism ...

      No. In times of anarchy, someone else would have appeared and would have led this PEASANT movement.
      Quote: Lech from Android.
      An ordinary adventurer and murderer seized power and staged a bloody massacre later in the revolution.

      And the fact that the peasants supported him is how? Everything is much more interesting and deeper there, and most importantly, it has historical roots.
    2. +2
      18 January 2023 18: 09
      In fact, the ideas of anarchism were developed long before Makhno. He was not a theoretician at all. And he was considered an anarcho-communist. Many atrocities were attributed to him later, although there were hardly more than others. At the beginning of 1918, the anarchists had much more popular support than the Bolsheviks, mainly among the peasantry. And in the south of Ukraine (or rather, Novorossia), he was supported by the overwhelming majority.
      But relations with the Bolsheviks were very "varied". His very serious assistance to the same Bolsheviks in the defeat of Denikin, and then Wrangel, no one denies, as well as very strained, sometimes hostile relations with the same Trotsky.
  3. +1
    18 January 2023 07: 52
    For 100 years, Ukrainians have not changed. After the death of the USSR, the situation repeated itself one to one.
    1. +2
      18 January 2023 09: 34
      Quote: Andrey Moskvin
      For 100 years, Ukrainians have not changed.

      You take too small a period of history. Look at what happened in those territories 200, 300 years ago. Almost the same.
  4. +9
    18 January 2023 07: 54
    In general, the theme of "Makhnovshchina" and Nestor Makhno was not disclosed .... And he was an outstanding personality.
    1. 0
      18 January 2023 10: 20
      Quote from Uncle Lee
      And he was an extraordinary person.

      In such times, there are enough such individuals, but there are few who are able to subdue and lead them
  5. +1
    18 January 2023 08: 13
    No matter what they say, but Makhno's army beat Petliurists, Germans and actively took part in the capture of the Crimea, the Bolsheviks would look pale without it, this is a kind of PMC of that time.
    1. -4
      18 January 2023 08: 49
      Quote from Silver99
      Makhno's army beat Petliurists, Germans and actively took part in the capture of the Crimea, without

      When the Bolsheviks took hold of Makhno’s farmer’s army, it crumbled like a house of cards ... Makhno was good in the transitional period of the revolution ... he wanted to join the Reds, he wanted to join the Whites, he wanted to join the gray-brown-crimson ... an anarchist in a word.
      1. +2
        18 January 2023 09: 37
        Quote: Lech from Android.
        When the Bolsheviks got close to Makhno's army of farmers, it crumbled like a house of cards...

        They took up the basis, that is, the peasantry, and the superstructure itself crumbled
        Quote: Lech from Android.
        .Makhno was good in the transitional period of the revolution ...

        Who cares, do you understand?
  6. -10
    18 January 2023 08: 14
    Quote: Uncle Lee
    In general, the theme of "Makhnovshchina" and Nestor Makhno was not disclosed .... And he was an outstanding personality.

    Ordinary bandit.
    1. -1
      18 January 2023 08: 20
      This is a moot point, you argue like a hardened propagandist from the CPSU, there were enough bandits in the Red Army, the most famous is Kotovsky.
      1. -3
        18 January 2023 08: 27
        Quote from Silver99
        there were enough bandits in the red army, the most famous is Kotovsky.

        Well, it means two bandits of different cuts.
        The Reds will come to rob, the Whites will come to rob, Makhno will come again to rob.
        During the revolution, many from the criminal world made a career as a fighter against the tsarist regime ... and the fact that they killed and robbed there in the past made it a merit.
        1. +1
          18 January 2023 09: 40
          Quote: Lech from Android.
          During the revolution, many from the criminal world made a career as a fighter against the tsarist regime ...

          The question is interesting and not fully disclosed in our history. If you approach formally, then Dzhugashvili was also a bandit.
          1. +1
            18 January 2023 18: 58
            Quote: svp67
            If you approach formally, then Dzhugashvili was also a bandit.
            If it's formal, then no.
            He was convicted under the political section of the Criminal Code of the Russian Empire - therefore a criminal, but not a bandit (passed through another part of the code)
    2. +2
      18 January 2023 09: 38
      Quote: Lech from Android.
      Ordinary bandit.

      That's definitely not... An ordinary bandit is not able to engage in state construction.
  7. +6
    18 January 2023 08: 15
    Before writing such an "article", the author should have at least watched the series "The Nine Lives of Nestor Makhno". And then he attached the devil as an illustration, not to mention the content.
    1. +1
      18 January 2023 08: 23
      Before writing such an "article", the author should have at least watched the series "The Nine Lives of Nestor Makhno". And then he attached the devil as an illustration, not to mention the content.

      Pavel Derevyanko played great there, both appearance and character. And then many represent Makhno as a bandit.
      1. -1
        18 January 2023 09: 45
        Quote: Konnick
        Pavel Derevyanko played great there, both appearance and character. And then many represent Makhno as a bandit.

        I agree with both the script and the plot. Here Kotovsky in the series of the same name is not disclosed by Galkin. I don’t believe that a person, already in great power and still protecting the Nepmen, during the turmoil of the Civil War behaved like a true revolutionary.
  8. +4
    18 January 2023 08: 19
    By the way, Anarchy is the highest form of democracy. So Nestor Makhno was a liberal and an internationalist to the core. Only for anarchy we need people like Makhno, ideological people, and not those for a pack of cookies and a jar of jam ...
    1. 0
      18 January 2023 09: 46
      Quote: Konnick
      So Nestor Makhno was a liberal and an internationalist to the core.

      With one big caveat, the "farm spill" and from here and its successes and failures
  9. -4
    18 January 2023 08: 28
    Quote: Konnick
    By the way, Anarchy is the highest form of democracy.

    belay God forbid the United States will reach this highest form of banditry.
    1. 0
      18 January 2023 09: 49
      Quote: Lech from Android.
      God forbid the United States will reach this highest form of banditry.

      Yes, it seems to me that there are prerequisites for this ...
  10. 0
    18 January 2023 08: 38
    Quote from Silver99
    Here is a controversial issue

    Come on ... just think there, in his youth, he killed some kind of official ... well, who doesn’t happen to.
    1. +2
      18 January 2023 19: 05
      Quote: Lech from Android.
      Quote from Silver99
      Here is a controversial issue

      Come on ... just think there, in his youth, he killed some kind of official ... well, who doesn’t happen to.

      in the period from 1905 to 1907, about 9000 officials and employees died.
      in 1907, up to 18 people died a day.
      In the quiet USSR for such losses in peacetime .....
  11. -1
    18 January 2023 08: 41
    Quote: Bearded
    What is the article about? I didn't understand.
    Although everything seems to be clear: Makhno is an anarchist.
    I'll bookmark the article.

    Some forum users consider him an outstanding personality ...
    I’m trying to find his outstanding merits ... what he built, invented, saved someone from death so that he will be remembered for centuries ... except bang bang oh oh oh, I didn’t find anything outstanding in him.
  12. Eug
    +3
    18 January 2023 11: 04
    In order for anarchy to become the dominant component of power, a certain state of society based on consciousness and self-discipline is necessary. You can talk about it, but these are the realities of a very distant future (if not fantasy at all).
  13. +1
    19 January 2023 13: 40
    Los anarquistas son peores que los judíos en cuanto a lo que se dice de estos: "Donde hay dos judíos hay tres opiniones". Pero donde hay dos anarquistas puede haber tres opiniones o muchas más.
    Habiendo entre los anarquistas gente noble valiente y entregada, es la ideología en la que encuentran "refugio" máyor número de auténticos delincuentes (sin redimir), y auténticos psicópatas, que entre otras ideologias u organizaciones políticas. Más incluso en ocasiones, que entre las organizaciones nazis y fascistas.
    Más aún; son los peores enemigos de si mismos; ver el escrito de Engels "Los Bakuninistas en accion".
    1. 0
      23 January 2023 17: 02
      Quote from AHTONOB
      Los anarquistas son peores que los judíos en cuanto a lo que se dice de estos: "Donde hay dos judíos hay tres opiniones". Pero donde hay dos anarquistas puede haber tres opiniones o muchas más.
      Habiendo entre los anarquistas gente noble valiente y entregada, es la ideología en la que encuentran "refugio" máyor número de auténticos delincuentes (sin redimir), y auténticos psicópatas, que entre otras ideologias u organizaciones políticas. Más incluso en ocasiones, que entre las organizaciones nazis y fascistas.
      Más aún; son los peores enemigos de si mismos; ver el escrito de Engels "Los Bakuninistas en accion".

      Anarchists are a political movement that does not recognize the state. All leadership is supposed to be elected, not appointed. In principle, there is nothing gangster.
      One is bad; in practice, anarchy is not realizable.
  14. -1
    21 January 2023 01: 24
    The person who wrote this is hardly familiar with the history of the issue. Nestor Makhno was loved by ordinary people who lived in the Gulyai-Polye area. They believed him, they went to him. He strove to make the life of ordinary peasants better, in many ways he advocated justice. It is clear that the time was dashing and Makhno was far from an angel, but compared to the same Trotsky, he at least did for the people, and not for an incomprehensible idea.
    The trouble with Makhno's army is that he believed the Bolsheviks and went to fight for them. During the storming of the Crimea, he was stupidly bred and thrown, promising reinforcements, but not giving them. The Reds initially set the task of using Makhno's army as expendable material. By the way, now the Ukrainian pseudo-authorities are doing the same actions, killing their people for the sake of their interests.
    The result of the battles for Perekop was a disaster for Makhno. He returned to Gulyai-Polye with a small group of surviving soldiers. He ended his life in exile in France, where he is buried.
    In the days of the USSR, he was presented as a kind of reckless bandit scumbag who robbed everyone. True, it was not written in any textbook that Nestor with his army helped to liberate Crimea by the Reds ...
    And as for drunkenness, even now everyone drinks everywhere and everywhere, our people are like that ...
  15. -2
    21 January 2023 01: 30
    Quote: svp67
    If you approach formally, then Dzhugashvili was also a bandit.

    Dzhugashvili was given the task of replenishing the common fund of the Bolsheviks. He did it successfully - he robbed banks. This is a historical fact! Moreover, in Soviet times, this was also written about, but it was presented in such a way that he did it for the sake of the great cause of the party ... And, in principle, almost all the Bolsheviks who created the VKPB were outright criminals and bandits. A separate conversation about their nationality, where the Jews definitely prevailed. Sverdlov alone is worth something, not to mention his safe in the Kremlin ...
    1. +2
      21 January 2023 04: 46
      Do you know who robbed whom and who stole what even better than the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Empire? Stalin was accused under political articles.

      By the way, for comparison, I advise you to look on the Web for the text of the modern law of 1991 on the rehabilitation of victims of political repression in the USSR.
      The fifth article states that all politically repressed will be rehabilitated, regardless of the degree of validity of the charges against them.

      For example, if you were justifiably accused of espionage, it is considered not guilty.... .. Normal?
    2. +1
      23 January 2023 16: 57
      Quote: Mikhail-Ivanov
      Quote: svp67
      If you approach formally, then Dzhugashvili was also a bandit.

      Dzhugashvili was given the task of replenishing the common fund of the Bolsheviks. He did it successfully - he robbed banks. This is a historical fact! And in Soviet times, this was also written about ..

      "To the Soviet" - when and by whom specifically? Stalin was at the same time also an agent of the tsarist secret police. Also "written".
      In our time, the economist Delyagin argued that in 1991 a "not a typical state" was created - a machine for plundering the country. And now we are also convinced that such a state does not protect itself well. And its citizens are even worse ..... And you are all about Stalin .... Is there nothing to do?
  16. 0
    4 March 2023 01: 22
    An article at the level of a 6th grader's composition "How I Spent the Summer".

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