Military Review

The sad end of the Polish troops in Moscow

29
4-5 November 1612, the Russian soldiers under the authority of Minin and Pozharsky freed the Russian capital from foreign invaders. Unfortunately, in Russian schools, universities and the media rarely raise the topic, as the next European "civilizers" and "benefactors" of the Russian state ended their journey. And this is a very instructive lesson for the current generation of enemies of Russia, which perfectly shows their essence. The Polish invaders came to the point that they not only began to eat each other, but also to harvest human flesh in large vats and barrels for sale, to sell each other. Everything is in accordance with the "market economy" and the principle of "man-man wolf." The next bastards who hankered to the Russian lands and wealth finished their journey as they should. True, it is surprising that Russian liberals do not demand that European cannibals be erected in the Kremlin.

After the defeat of Hetman Khodkiewicz’s troops near Moscow in August 1612, the situation for the Polish garrison became critical. Prince Dmitry Pozharsky showed generosity and suggested that the Poles capitulate on honorable terms. They promised to let everyone go, provide the wounded and sick with carts. However, the proud gentry replied with rudeness: “The Moscow people are the kindest in the world and are courageous like marmots or donkeys ... do not write to us anymore about your Moscow nonsense, but you better, Pozharsky, let your people go to the pochs”.

The strength of the Poles is not due to their courage, but rather greed. They did not want to leave the stolen treasures, and not only the royal and church property, but from private individuals were robbed. So, the Poles even broke into the house of Fyodor Mstislavsky (he headed the Seven Boyars and participated in the election of the Polish Tsar Vladislav Sigismundovich to the Russian Tsar), all values ​​and food were selected, the boyar himself was beaten. As a result, greed outweighed prudence, the Poles remained in the Kremlin, although they were offered to freely leave for Poland, to ensure their security.

In September, a famine began in the Polish garrison — in August, a wagonload of foodstuffs could not be carried to Moscow, only Neverovsky's detachment (300 infantrymen) was able to break into the city. The invaders ate all the dogs, cats, birds, horses. The infantry of Neverovskiy were the first to die of starvation - they didn’t have their own stocks, and also had money to buy food from others. And it was not customary to share with Europeans, every man for himself. No money - die, do not disturb others. All within the framework of the theory of competitiveness. In early October, snow fell, closing the quinoa and roots.

Then, to wait for the approach of the king's army, Colonels Strus and Budila ordered the Russian prisoners and prisoners to be removed from the prison, they were slaughtered like cattle and eaten. However, this was not enough for long. Then they began to eat their corpses, to tear off fresh graves and to kill the weak, the sick. The strong devoured the weak, lost in gambling. There were cases when a relative killed each other. People began to disappear. They killed and ate the walking girls who were at the time of the Poles (around any European military contingent, all sorts of “business” people, harlots who helped the soldiers part with the good, were always treated). After the girls, set to the servants. Grabbed people from the street. True, few Russians remained in the fortress, some died during the clashes and fires, others fled, the third were expelled by the Poles themselves, as useless eaters.

The “civilized and enlightened” Europeans even traded in human flesh, which they procured. So, the human head was sold for three zlotys, the feet - two each. Boyars began to miss the servants and maids, who went out of the gate and sat in the estates, fearing a terrible fate. Among them was the future Russian tsar - Mikhail Romanov with his mother.

However, the Poles still refused to capitulate, although their forces quickly melted away: out of 3,5 thousand soldiers, no more than 1,5 thousand soldiers remained. October 22 (November 1) 1612, the Russian troops captured China Town. The remains of the Polish garrison held out in the Kremlin. In the face of starvation and a decisive assault, the Poles moderated their arrogance and went into negotiations. Initially, they still time, first released from the fortress wives and children of the boyars - extra mouths, then the boyars themselves. It was no longer possible to hold on. There was no talk of free passage, the Russian command presented a demand for complete surrender.

October 26 (November 5) 1612, the remnants of the Polish garrison surrendered and began to leave the Kremlin. Colonel Osip (Jozef) Budil with his soldiers, surrendered to the army of Prince Pozharsky and was pardoned. The last years of his life Budilo spent in prison in Nizhny Novgorod. The soldiers of Colonel Nikolai (Mikolay) Strusus surrendered to the Cossacks of Prince Trubetskoy, they were not so tolerant and killed the enemies. Strus himself stayed in Russian captivity before the Deulinsky truce 1619 of the year. October 27 (November 6) 1612 there was a ceremonial entry into the Kremlin of the warriors of the princes Pozharsky and Trubetskoy. Moscow was finally liberated from the enemy.

The sad end of the Polish troops in Moscow


The Polish king Sigismund tried to get to Moscow, but could not even take Volokolamsk and retreated. It should be noted that although 4-5 November 1612 of the year is an important date in the Russian Stories, but you can not overestimate this event. Most believe that after this Time of Troubles is over. In reality, Smoot continued for many more years and blood flowed like a river. In particular, in the south, ataman Ivan Zarutsky resisted the new authorities (only in the spring of 1614, this center of the Troubles was suppressed), in the north, Cossacks Ataman Balovnya revolted, who were sent to war with the Swedes. In the spring and summer of 1614, the Cossack uprising covered a vast territory - the modern Vologda, Kostroma and Yaroslavl regions. Spring 1615 of the year 5-th. Balovnya detachment unexpectedly launched a raid to Moscow itself. The city was in a panic, since the main tsarist troops fought against the foxes who devastated the Russian lands. Thus, in Russia, units of the Polish-Lithuanian light cavalry under the direction of Alexander Lisovsky (after his death in 1616 year) were called, troops of lisovchikov were led by Stanislav Chaplinsky and Valentin Rogavsky) acting within the Russian kingdom in 1608 — 1617. The Moscow government managed to tighten the negotiations with Balovnev and pull up the troops, killed the ataman, captured his “thieves”. In 1618, the Polish-Lithuanian-Cossack troops led by Vladislav and Hetman Sagaidachny and Chodkiewicz broke through to Moscow and besieged Moscow. They could not take Moscow, but their breakthrough speaks volumes. In particular, on the way to Moscow, under the leadership of ataman Peter Sagaidachny, Zaporozhians seized Putivl, Rylsk, Kursk, Yelets, Lebedin, Skopin and Ryazhsk, the cities were devastated and burned, the Cossacks mercilessly exterminated not only the warriors, but also the peaceful population, not sparing neither women nor children. The Cossacks, before they joined the army of Vladislav, also captured and ravaged Yaroslavl, Pereyaslavl, Romanov, Kashira and Kasimov. Already united with the Poles, the Cossacks set fire to Serpukhov and Kaluga.

Thus, the liberation of Moscow on November 4-5 on November 1612 was not the final victorious act. Ahead were the long years of war, great blood and the destruction of the Russian land.
Author:
29 comments
Ad

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site: https://t.me/topwar_official

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Sakhalininsk
    Sakhalininsk 6 November 2012 09: 10
    +11
    A good article that characterizes psheks very well, not as warriors, but as rabble of robbers and murderers.
    Do not decrease nor add.
    1. sq
      sq 6 November 2012 09: 50
      -4
      This was common practice at the time. And after a couple of decades, Mosk ... and emptied the ON so that it was difficult to find a living person (although they didn’t reach the Psheks, it was enough)
      1. Flooding
        Flooding 6 November 2012 10: 31
        +1
        Quote: kvm
        .and devastated ON so that it was difficult to find a living person

        That is, all Belarusians from newcomers? Otkel? Really from the Commonwealth?
        1. Flooding
          Flooding 6 November 2012 11: 43
          +1
          kvm
          What can you say about the Lithuanians who were among the interventionists?
          And somehow it is not objectively obtained.
          This is what a contemporary author writes in his "Tale of the Victories of the Moscow State":
          TRUSTED NOW ON THE VICTORIES OF THE MOSCOW STATE, ABOUT HOW MUCH MUCH TASKS FOR THE MULTIPLICATION OF OUR SINS, WE TAKEN FROM THE INTERNATIONAL CIVIL WAR, FROM DIFFERENT POLES AND FROM LITHUANIANS, AND FROM RUSSIAN BUN
          1. sq
            sq 6 November 2012 12: 59
            +1
            For reference. Then there was no Lithuanian word, it was Lithuania, Litvin. And those who are now called Lithuanians are the descendants of zhemoytes and auskites.
            In order not to clog up the space: it was interesting to write about this in the newspaper "Secret Research", if I am not mistaken hppt: //secret-r.net
            1. Flooding
              Flooding 6 November 2012 13: 19
              +2
              Quote: kvm
              For reference. Then there was no Lithuanian word, it was - Lithuania, Litvin

              Dear, naturally, I gave the text in translation to modern. Russian.
              As in the original an unknown author called subjects ON, I am not aware.
              If you wish, you can familiarize yourself.
              I just do not quite understand what these third-party conversations are for.
              In my opinion, the question was posed differently.

              You deigned to write how Lithuania got from Mosk ... to her.
              I suggested recalling a completely reliable fact - Polish-Lithuanian (Lithuanian?) Intervention.
              Which of good intentions is called Polish.
        2. sq
          sq 6 November 2012 12: 44
          +1
          The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was formed as a result of a union (union) as a confederation of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Russia and Zhamoit. The official language of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was Old Belarussian. By the time of the events described there was an active polishing of the gentry ON.
  2. predator.2
    predator.2 6 November 2012 10: 01
    0
    Well, even though Mikhail Romanov was not eaten by the Poles, he was also a prisoner.
    1. bask
      bask 6 November 2012 21: 33
      +3
      He was not held captive, but he himself fled to the Poles with a family. And if Rurikovich was chosen as king. Prince Pozharsky. The history of Russia would be completely different. I think we became a great deja much earlier ... (((but the story didn’t suffers from dubious dreams)))))) They stuffed their faces in flailing and that’s good !!! Since then ..... and remember and periodically podgazhivaet us ......
  3. Brother Sarych
    Brother Sarych 6 November 2012 10: 09
    +3
    The double impression is another confirmation that the date of November 4 itself does not make much sense in the general series of dates, even the author, with all his reluctance, is forced to come to this conclusion ...
    I think so. that it’s not entirely true that what is written about the Poles is all just another politicized stuffing (the Poles, to put it mildly, were not lambs), they nevertheless called the Poles themselves, they behaved quite within the framework of then very severe manners, that is, like the last cattle , and from modern positions it’s not worth evaluating them, everyone was good ...
    1. smel
      smel 6 November 2012 10: 34
      +1
      Yeah, for some reason he is silent about the fact that they called the Poles themselves. And there were many reasons for this, and very unpleasant
      1. Flooding
        Flooding 6 November 2012 11: 05
        -1
        Quote: smel
        Yes, for some reason he is silent about the fact that they called the Poles themselves.

        May I give the details?
        1. xan
          xan 6 November 2012 16: 27
          +2
          smel is off topic
          the Poles and some of the Russian elite tried to use each other
          as a result, this initiative group ended badly
  4. Flooding
    Flooding 6 November 2012 10: 30
    +3
    Quote: Brother Sarich
    The double impression is another confirmation that the date of November 4 itself does not make much sense in the general series of dates, even the author, with all his reluctance, is forced to come to this conclusion ...

    This event was of great importance, and it is difficult to overestimate it.
    What would happen to Russia if the people did not rise and drive out the invaders?
  5. Flooding
    Flooding 6 November 2012 11: 53
    -1
    A double impression I rather cause photo reports from Russian marches in Moscow. They climbed all the debris. But where is the normal Russian people?
  6. jury08
    jury08 6 November 2012 14: 28
    -3
    From I am from the Russian bastard, they themselves bred this mess, who invited the Poles and Lithuania to Moscow to edit, I ask you?
    1. xan
      xan 6 November 2012 16: 12
      +5
      no one invited Poles and Lithuanians
      at first they fought with False Dmitriy and this provoked a civil war, then the boyars did not know how to restore order and invited Vladislav to the kingdom, but he did not hasten to take the throne.
      "From the height of the Moscow throne, the Polish queen looks like a simple gentry" (Marina Mnishek)
      in general, this is the only example in history when the initiative went from the bottom, and the top just connected later
      the main thing in this holiday is not that the interventionists were kicked out (a lot of honor for psheks, pshek zeros without the support of part of the Russian population), but that the lower classes took the initiative and put things in order
    2. Alexander Petrovich
      Alexander Petrovich 6 November 2012 18: 02
      +1
      Be silent, ignoramus.
    3. Allegedly
      Allegedly 6 November 2012 19: 50
      +2
      Probably invited "Boriska in the kingdom" (film Ivan Vasilyevich changes his profession). In our time, another "Boriska" (Yeltsin) invited the amers to hold on to power, and nothing, people took everything, how sad it is ...
  7. Setrac
    Setrac 6 November 2012 15: 08
    +2
    Well, that’s right, the Libyans also invited NATO themselves, and those who were against were bombed in the sand.
  8. vladimirZ
    vladimirZ 6 November 2012 15: 34
    +4
    The Russian holiday is another portion of salt on the nationalistic feelings of the Poles.
    1. edge
      edge 6 November 2012 17: 44
      +4
      Psheks are the most ub ... full-time branch of the Slavic branch.
  9. Wertynskiy
    Wertynskiy 6 November 2012 15: 56
    +6
    But what is described in the article is not even Katyn. To this extent only animals can descend. But do not we investigate the actions of the Poles during the war of 1612? Yes, and put up a claim for the current amount?
    1. berimor
      berimor 7 November 2012 18: 45
      +2
      Wertynskiy,
      Everything is correct. You can coexist with these hucksters only within the framework of "tit for tat". They don't remember any good .... Then they need to bill them for the bullying and murder of tens of thousands of our prisoners of war in the 20s and the treacherous murders of the SA servicemen in 1944-1945 and hundreds of thousands of our dead grandfathers, fathers and sons, who with their lives won freedom for the territory, when- then called Poland!
  10. Brother
    Brother 6 November 2012 17: 44
    +3
    And what do you want from the Poles ?? As were the Chmyri, the Chmyr and remained!
  11. sprut
    sprut 6 November 2012 18: 01
    0
    Such a thing cannot be allowed now, nowadays!
  12. Piran
    Piran 7 November 2012 06: 33
    +1
    In 1618, the Polish-Lithuanian-Cossack troops broke through to the capital and besieged Moscow under the command of Vladislav and the hetman Sagaidachny and Khodkevich. They could not take Moscow, but their breakthrough says a lot. In particular, on the way to Moscow, the Cossacks, under the command of the chieftain Peter Sagaidachny, captured Putivl,

    And now the ship "Hetman Sagaidachny" proudly flaunts in Sevastopol as part of the Black Sea Fleet of Ukraine. What was it called before?
  13. berimor
    berimor 7 November 2012 19: 02
    0
    And now the ship "Hetman Sagaidachny" proudly flaunts in Sevastopol as part of the Black Sea Fleet of Ukraine. What was it called before?

    And who should they be called? Throughout their history, Cossacks traded robbery, mercenarism and betrayal. Heroev is dumb! But it is necessary to find. So they found white and fluffy!
    1. RPD
      RPD 6 November 2015 06: 19
      0
      Cossacks the same abreks, you hold by force, will work. you can’t better throw it away
      1. fortress
        fortress 5 November 2018 04: 23
        0
        Cossacks of Ukraine and Russia are the five main differences https://topcor.ru/2092-kazaki-ukrainy-i-rossii-pjat-glavnyh-otlichij.html
  14. bart74
    bart74 18 November 2012 04: 51
    0
    So the pshek came and received, and now we must repent before them? Would you not go? only losers pay! so your Poles are ours !!!