Military Review

L. M. Dovator - the legendary leader of the Cossack cavalry

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It's an amazing thing, but even in the age of steel technology and large hulking military machines, such troops successfully fought on the fronts, the practice of which, it would seem, should have been a thing of the past. Thus, during the years of the Great Patriotic War, cavalry troops remained, and not only survived, but also successfully fought, led by their heroic commanders. One of these commanders was Lev Dovator.
Lev Dovator was born in 1903 in a poor peasant family living in a small village in the Vitebsk province.

L. M. Dovator - the legendary leader of the Cossack cavalry
The cavalrymen of the 2 Guards Cavalry Corps of the 16 Army of the Western Front, in the center with a map in their hands, the commander of the Guard Corps, Major General Lev M. Dovator


From early childhood, Lev got used to hard work as a laborer, having grown up a bit, worked at the Vitebsk factory.

Of course, like any peasant who had seen nothing but poverty and endless monotonous work since childhood, Dovator met the news of the October revolution with undisguised joy. He helped organize the committees of the poor in his native village, he studied at the provincial party school.

Lev Dovator joined the Red Army as a volunteer in the 1924 year, and served for some time as a warehouse manager in the 7 Cavalry Division of the Western Military District, stationed in Minsk.

After graduating from the Moscow Military Chemical Courses in 1925, Dovator was already serving as chemical commander in the 7 Cavalry Division.

Dovator’s perseverance in comprehending military affairs, however, had no limits: in 1926, he graduated from the Leningrad-Borisoglebsk cavalry school of the Red Army commanding staff.

All 30-ies Dovator advances through the military cavalry career, however, continues to professional training: in 1939, he graduated with honors from the Military Academy. MV Frunze and was assigned to the chief of staff of the Special Cavalry Brigade in Moscow. Before the war, Lev Dovator was appointed chief of staff of the 36 Cavalry Division of BOVO.

General Dovator. 1947. Oil Moiseenko Evsey Evseevich


Dovator had to meet the war in a hospital hospital, and only a week after the start of the war the doctors decided to discharge him: Lev Mikhailovich, barely able to say goodbye to his family, went to the disposal of the headquarters of the Western Front (as his native division was surrounded, and to break through to it was not no opportunity).

Already in July of this first year of the war, Dovator was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for distinctions in battles at the Solovyov crossing.

In August 1941, Lev Dovator led the Separate Cavalry Group on the Western Front, consisting of several Cossack regiments (composed of Don, Kuban and Terek Cossacks). From the very first battles, Dovator proved to be an excellent commander who not only skillfully organized daring attacks of courage, but also treated his military wards with fatherly love, trying not to risk the lives of courageous Cossacks as much as possible. Under the command of Lev Mikhailovich this equestrian unit managed to break through to the rear of the Germans, striking enemy communications, smashing headquarters, destroying warehouses and military transports of the enemy.

This truly fantastic raid of the Soviet cavalrymen into the German rear continued for about two weeks: the Cossacks, who went 100 kilometers deep, destroyed more than two thousand soldiers and officers, 9 tanks, about two hundred cars, they captured many trophies. For combat feats during this operation, Leo Dovator received the rank of Major General and the Order of Lenin.

In the autumn of 1941, the 3 Cavalry Corps was formed as a part of the 16 Army KK Rokossovsky (a little later it was renamed 2 Guards) on the basis of a dovator group. The corps led defensive battles on the White-Rzhev line, covering the approaches to Moscow from the Volokolamsk direction.
On December 11, the corps of General Dovator was redeployed to the Kubinka area and, pursuing the retreating German units, went out to the Ruza River.

Unfortunately, courage and courage of the cavalry commander played a cruel, fatal “joke” with Dovator ...

In December, 1941, the vanguard of the 2 Guards Cavalry Corps, was located in the area of ​​the village of Palashkino, where large forces of German troops were stationed at that time. Lev Dovator decides to place a campus headquarters in front of the village, while he decides to inspect the fighting positions of the German units on the other side of the river personally, and then the Germans opened heavy fire at the cluster of people they noticed ... There were no chances for surviving in the open space of Dovator ...

On the same day, December 21 1941, Lev Mikhailovich Dovator was awarded the "For courage and heroism shown in the battles with the German fascist invaders" posthumous title of the Hero of the Soviet Union.

The memory of this Soviet hero was immortalized by a monument in the city of Ruz, an obelisk on the shore of the Ruza reservoir (in the place where he died), and ordinary people remember Dovator thanks to the many streets named after him in the large space of the former USSR.
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  1. Nagaibak
    Nagaibak 20 October 2012 09: 15
    0
    The dovator died in 1941. Who is pictured in such a chic uniform, and even with the orders of Suvorov and Kutuzov?

    I’m looking, isn’t Abakumov himself? Like he is.
  2. omsbon
    omsbon 20 October 2012 11: 12
    0
    "Kazaken", "Dovator" [/ b] - almost every German on the Eastern Front knew these words.
  3. omsbon
    omsbon 20 October 2012 11: 14
    +2
    The name Dovatora was known to almost every German on the Eastern Front!
    1. Lucky
      Lucky 23 October 2012 16: 25
      +1
      Eternal glory to the hero, the Cossack!
  4. Nagaibak
    Nagaibak 20 October 2012 11: 24
    +4
    It would be hard for us without the 1st and 2nd Guards cavalry corps in 41 !!! To the donor, as a person who died for the homeland, GLORY !!!
  5. datur
    datur 20 October 2012 13: 56
    0
    Oh, we would have this grandfather !!! warrior-Slav !!!!!!!!!
    1. The centurion
      The centurion 20 October 2012 16: 43
      +2
      Quote: datur
      warrior-Slav !!!!!!!!!

      Actually, he seems to be a Jew. I wonder what the anti-Semites say?
      1. Nagaibak
        Nagaibak 20 October 2012 17: 01
        +6
        The centurion "Actually, he seems to be a Jew. I wonder what the anti-Semites will say?"
        Where they write - a Jew. And where is Belarus. I think it makes no difference, he's done !!! After him, Pliev seemed to command the corps, so he was generally Ossetian !!! Also a heroic man !!!
      2. Brother Sarych
        Brother Sarych 20 October 2012 19: 55
        +1
        Is it written in Wiki that a Belarusian would be a Jew? What would change? Not a Cossack - for sure, but the Hero is definitely ...
        1. Nick
          Nick 23 February 2016 16: 12
          0
          Quote: Brother Sarych
          Is it written in Wiki that a Belarusian would be a Jew? What would change? Not a Cossack - for sure, but the Hero is definitely ...

          Kaza is not a nationality; Cossack is an estate - a peasant warrior.
      3. Insurgent
        Insurgent 20 October 2012 23: 28
        0
        In general, he was a Belarusian, you can look through, look for a biography
  6. max73
    max73 20 October 2012 17: 40
    +4
    The fact that the author remembered a brave cavalry general is a plus, of course! .... and the author of the article himself is a minus! the impression is that the article, in a quick way, "on the knee", as they say, was made .... I will explain my position: 1. The author writes: "In August 1941, Lev Dovator leads the Separate Cavalry Group on the Western Front, which consisted of several Cossack regiments (the composition included the Don, Kuban and Terek Cossacks). "And where are the numbered names of the units ??? these were the 50th and 53rd Cavalry Divisions, formed (copyright) in the Stavropol and Kuban regions. 2. The blunder is as follows: "In the fall of 1941, on the basis of the pre-vator group, the 3rd Cavalry Corps was formed as part of the 16th Army of K. K. Rokossovsky (a little later it was renamed the 2nd Guards). -Rzhev, covering the approaches to Moscow from the Volokolamsk direction. ".... the author, do you look at the map where Bely and Rzhev are and where Rokossovsky's 16th army was during the fighting on the Mozhaisk defense line and later? a baaaalshaya inconsistency ... and more ... in Dovator's corps, besides Tertsy and Kuban, there were divisions formed in the Orenburg region and Central Asia ... being on reconnaissance in one of these divisions, namely the 20th cavalry colonel Tavliev, and L.M. died Dovator ..
  7. tambourine 2012
    tambourine 2012 20 October 2012 18: 28
    +2
    yes somehow and more you could write about this outstanding person
  8. 77bor1973
    77bor1973 20 October 2012 22: 33
    0
    In addition to everything, he was a stuntman in the film "Alexander Nevsky"!
  9. Jeglov
    Jeglov 20 October 2012 22: 45
    +1
    Everlasting memory!
    Glory to heroes!
    Actually, he seems to be a Jew. I wonder what the anti-Semites say?

    It is a pity they will not be able to condemn the nationality of Lev Mikhailovich with the Cossacks from his corps. Given that they revered him as a father. And they were harsh men
    1. Aaron Zawi
      Aaron Zawi 21 October 2012 22: 58
      0
      Jeglov I would be very proud to consider Lev Dovator a fellow tribesman, but Colonel Sverdlov, who was engaged in a serious study of the participation of Jews in the Great Patriotic War, could not find confirmation of the Jewish origin of Dovator.
  10. Karlsonn
    Karlsonn 23 October 2012 19: 30
    0
    I’ll also insert five cents:
    ... It is an amazing thing, but even in the age of steel technology and large clumsy military vehicles, such troops successfully fought on the fronts, the practice of which, it would seem, should have long been a thing of the past. So, during the years of World War II, cavalry troops were preserved ...
    There is nothing surprising in this. The realities of the Eastern Front were such that at the beginning of the war the number of cavalry units both here and among the Germans only increased: we have - 4 corps and 13 divisions at the beginning of the war, and Germans respectively - 7 division at the beginning of the war (plus cavalry units in the infantry divisions of the first wave) and 1 divisions at the end (plus horse regiments in all army groups, separate regiments as part of the SS divisions, the combined German-Hungarian corps, etc.). The cavalry was, as it were, motorized infantry, the tactics of use were similar, and in strategic terms even had advantages over motorized infantry. Therefore, to be surprised at the cavalry is groundless.