Military Review

Day of the Railway Troops of Russia

20

August 6 is the Day of the Railway Troops of Russia (ZhDV). This branch of service was marked with its own day by Decree of the President of Russia No. 1040 of July 19, 1996, which was later confirmed by another presidential decree of May 31, 2006.


Russian railways in different periods


In the 1830s, the first railway line appeared in Russia, connecting the capital of the empire, St. Petersburg, with Tsarskoye Selo. In 1851, at the direction of Emperor Nicholas I, a railway was built in the country between the two capitals - St. Petersburg and Moscow.

royal period


With the advent of a large railway line, the need arose for its protection and maintenance. On August 6, 1851, the Railway Troops of Russia were established by order of Emperor Nicholas I.

The first ZhDV consisted of 17 companies, with a total number of more than 4300 people. The duties of these troops included maintaining the working condition of railways, crossings, bridges, as well as their protection. Later, the Railways began to be involved in the construction of railway facilities.

Due to the insignificant network of railways and, accordingly, the small number of personnel, the railway units in 1870 became part of the country's engineering troops.

In 1908, the railway units were separated into an independent category, subordinate to the General Staff.

The First World War became a serious test for the Railway Troops, during which the personnel of the Railway Troops built up to 4300 km of railways, repaired more than 4600 km of tracks, and restored about 5000 km of telephone and telegraph railway lines.

Soviet time


During the existence of the USSR, the ZhDV was repeatedly involved in combat zones. Already during the Civil War, a separate corps of the railway troops of the Red Army ensured the operation of 20000 km of tracks and restored more than 3000 km of railways.

The ZhDV units also played a significant role during military incidents with the Japanese in the Far East in 1938-1939, maintaining the Chinese Eastern Railway (CER) in working order.

In severe winter conditions during the Soviet-Finnish war, railway workers laid more than 130 km of tracks connecting Petrozavodsk with the then Finnish city of Suojärvi.

The personnel of the Railway Forces had to work especially hard during the Great Patriotic War and in the first period after it, restoring tens of thousands of kilometers of railways and communication lines.

In March 1989, the ZhDV were expelled from the USSR Armed Forces by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council.

Railways of modern Russia


After the collapse of the USSR, a number of reorganizations of the railway troops that remained on the territory of the Russian Federation took place.

By decree of the President of the Russian Federation in September 1995, the Railways received their own governing body - the Federal Service of the Railway Troops of the Russian Federation. In March 2004, this service was abolished and the ZhDV came under the control of the RF Ministry of Defense.

Modern Russian Railways have a population of about 30 people. ZhDV belongs to the branch of the logistics support troops of the Russian Armed Forces and is engaged in ensuring the safety and operability of railways and related facilities.
Author:
Photos used:
atributia.ru
20 comments
Ad

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site: https://t.me/topwar_official

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Vladimir Vladimirovich Vorontsov
    Vladimir Vladimirovich Vorontsov 6 August 2022 04: 19
    +5
    ***
    - "Steel since 1851" ...
    ***
  2. Fedor Sokolov
    Fedor Sokolov 6 August 2022 04: 22
    +8
    Oh, it's a pity the project BZHRK "Barguzin" was closed, this is really a weapon of which there were no analogues in the world and there are none. A logical continuation of the development of the project RT-23 UTTH "Molodets"
    1. rotmistr60
      rotmistr60 6 August 2022 06: 48
      +4
      Walking information about a possible return to this project. But the BZHRK "Molodets" was removed from service in 2005, because. came under START-2 restrictions.
      Railway troops with a holiday!
  3. Palestinian
    Palestinian 6 August 2022 05: 46
    +7
    we are peaceful people, but our armored train is on a siding .... happy holiday !!!
    1. seregatara1969
      seregatara1969 6 August 2022 08: 53
      +2
      Nothing is worth it! They ride and protect the stations and the road from xoxls. Not bad so protected! Happy holiday to you, railway workers!
      1. Palestinian
        Palestinian 6 August 2022 13: 00
        +1
        I know my friend .... by the way, this is a song ,, kahovka ,, ..... symbolic in its own way
  4. Li17
    Li17 6 August 2022 05: 46
    +5
    Happy holiday guys!
  5. Ros 56
    Ros 56 6 August 2022 06: 09
    +4
    All those involved with the holiday! love
    And of course, for all those who died in the line of duty and for the living drinks
  6. your vsr 66-67
    your vsr 66-67 6 August 2022 06: 56
    +5
    Happy ZHDV and all involved!
    I remember very well and know how the ZhDV built BAM, and their headquarters was in Fevralsk!
  7. Catfish
    Catfish 6 August 2022 07: 57
    +3
    Happy Holidays to all military railroad workers! drinks

    And it started like this.

  8. Sergey Aleksandrovich
    Sergey Aleksandrovich 6 August 2022 08: 52
    +1
    It's time to put 76-mm automatic anti-aircraft guns on armored trains, for credibility and combat drones.
  9. tank64rus
    tank64rus 6 August 2022 11: 10
    +3
    Let the distance in a continuous fire,
    Let it circle, sweep the blizzard,
    Armored train "Proletary"
    It rushes menacingly at the enemy.
    There are many roads ahead
    And sweeps his lead,
    The new world is the beginning,
    The old world is over.

    Happy Holidays! railroad comrades.
  10. Paul Siebert
    Paul Siebert 6 August 2022 15: 25
    +2
    "Iron people" - fiery hello!
    Happy holiday, men! drinks
  11. fuxila
    fuxila 6 August 2022 16: 41
    +1
    The ZhDV units also played a significant role during military incidents with the Japanese in the Far East in 1938-1939, maintaining the Chinese Eastern Railway (CER) in working order.

    The author, you are mistaken here, by that time the Soviet government had already been forced to sell Manchukuo (and in fact to the Japanese), so the railway was saving the country on the Far Eastern road.
  12. Freedim
    Freedim 6 August 2022 16: 43
    +1
    All those involved with the holiday .. For ZhDV drinks
    military unit 36396 (Free)... DMB`88
  13. commandos111
    commandos111 6 August 2022 16: 49
    -1
    the royal troops
  14. cat Rusich
    cat Rusich 6 August 2022 19: 03
    +2
    I join in congratulating the Railway Troops.
    And another special congratulations to the Excellent Students of the Railway Troops.
    soldier
  15. commandos111
    commandos111 6 August 2022 22: 55
    -3
    in general, these are mostly different adventurers and similar judged rabble.
    I would send uryarakalchikov there for development hehe
  16. Albert Brecht
    Albert Brecht 7 August 2022 00: 33
    0
    This is our near and dear holiday! Although not made of iron, but wildly tired and exhausted, they made it to Krasnodar, in the best traditions. And all in order to see your own Ursula, whatever you do for the sake of your loved one! yes
  17. Geek
    Geek 8 August 2022 06: 58
    0
    Happy holiday to all, military unit 03246 Askiz 79-81