The shocking history of the island Russian
On these days, on the Russky Island, in Primorsky Krai, an APEC summit is taking place, to which everyone’s attention is riveted. Comfortable hotels, various facilities, including entertainment, were built on the island, but it was somehow forgotten that Russky Island has an ominous history, which was a horror during the American intervention in the Far East.
When the Civil War broke out in Russia, the firewood in which, from the very beginning, were thrown up by Western political schemers, England, France, the USA and Japan wanted to profit at the expense of Russia, dismember its territory and eliminate the Russian factor in general, creating several weakened puppet regimes on the site of the former Russian state. Even without waiting for the end of the war, they already sat down to divide the “skin of a dead bear”, and on December 3, a special conference with the participation of the United States, Britain, France and allied countries was held on December 1917, where it was decided to delimit zones of interests Russian Empire. The zone of influence of England was assigned to the Caucasus and South Russian regions, France - Ukraine and the Crimea. The Americans dug in on Siberia, the Japanese wanted to get a part of the Far East.
1 August 1918, British troops landed in Vladivostok. In August, the Americans landed there. In August, the Americans, the British and the French occupied Arkhangelsk. The interventionists declared martial law, introduced martial law courts, during the occupation they exported 2686 thousands of poods of various cargoes totaling over 950 million rubles in gold. The entire military, commercial and fishing fleet of the North became the prey of invaders. American troops served as punitive. Over 50 thousands of Soviet citizens (more than 10% of the total controlled population) were thrown into prisons in Arkhangelsk, Murmansk, Pechenga, Yokangi. Only in the Arkhangelsk provincial prison were 8 shot thousands of people, 1020 died of starvation, cold and epidemics
In Primorye, the Americans worked amazing, in their inhumanity, deeds, and Russky Island became a concentration camp, where they took prisoners. There were other death camps where the Americans destroyed the local population, but the camp created on Russky Island existed the longest - until October 1922 dwelt in the camp they drowned near the island, separately and whole barges, tying hands with barbed wire.
There is evidence that after the end of the intervention, one of the divers, working on the flooded objects on the Russian island, came across one of these barges, inside of which "stood like living, connected people." Shocked by what he saw, the diver went crazy.
Information about the presence of the American military in the Far East can be found in the book “Foreign Interventionists in Soviet Russia”, released in 1935, it tells about the methods used by the Americans - cut families, pregnant women who cut off their breasts, took out from babies' stomachs, five-year-old hung children.
Here are some excerpts:
“In the archives and newspaper publications of that time, and still stored evidence, as the Yankees, arriving far away, they ruled our land, leaving a bloody trace in the fate of the Russian people and in the history of Primorye. So, for example, having captured the peasants I.Gonevchuk, S.Gorshkov, P. Oparin and Z. Murashko, the Americans alive buried them for their relationship with the local partisans. And with the wife of partisan E.Boychuk, they finished off as follows: they pierced the body with bayonets and drowned them in a cesspool. The peasant Bochkarev disfigured unrecognizably with bayonets and knives: "the nose, lips, ears were cut off, the jaw was broken, the face and eyes were pierced with bayonets, the whole body was cut up." At Art. Sviyagino, in the same brutal way, was tortured by partisans N. Myasnikov, who, according to eyewitness testimony, “first cut off his ears, then his nose, arms, legs, chopped him alive”.
“In the spring of 1919, a punitive expedition of the invaders appeared in the village, killing people who were suspected of sympathizing with the partisans,” said Khortov, a resident of the village of Kharitonovka, Shkotovsky district. - Punishers arrested many peasants as hostages and demanded to extradite the partisans, threatening to execute them (...) The interventionist executioners also savagely massacred innocent peasant hostages. Among them was my old father, Philip Hortov. He was brought home in a bloody way. He was still alive for several days, repeating all the time: “Why did they torture me, damned beasts ?!”. Father died, leaving five orphans.
Several times American soldiers appeared in our village and each time made arrests of residents, robberies, murders. In the summer of 1919, the American punishers staged a public flogging with ramrods and whips of the peasant Pavel Kuzikov. The American non-commissioned officer stood nearby and, smiling, clicked the camera. Ivan Kravchuk and three more guys from Vladivostok were suspected in connection with the partisans, they were tormented for several days. They kicked their teeth out, cut off their tongues. ”
And here is another testimony: “The interventionists surrounded Little Cape and opened hurricane fire on the village. Upon learning that the partisans were not there, the Americans grew bolder, broke into it, and burned down the school. Smash the brutally everyone who came across their arm. The peasant Cherevatov, like many others, had to be carried home bloodied, unconscious. Violent harassment perpetrated the American infantry in the villages of Knevichi, Krolevetsi and in other localities. In the eyes of all the American officer several bullets fired into the head of the wounded boy Vasily Shemyakin. ”
Yes, General Graves himself, commander of the American expeditionary corps, later admitted: “from those areas where American troops were stationed, we received reports of murders and tortures of men, women, children ...”
No less frank in his memoirs and Colonel US Army Morrow, complaining that his poor soldiers ... "could not sleep without killing someone that day (...) When our soldiers took the Russian prisoner, they drove them to Andrianovka station where the cars were unloaded, the prisoners were led to huge holes, in which they were shot with machine guns. ” “The most memorable” for Colonel Morrow was the day “when 1600 people were taken to the 53 carriages”.
Of course, the Americans were not alone in these atrocities. The Japanese invaders were in no way inferior to them. So, for example, in January 1919, the soldiers of the Land of the Rising Sun completely burned down the village of Sohatino, and in February - the village of Ivanovka. This is how a reporter Yamauchi from the Japanese newspaper Uradzio Nippo testified about this: “The village of Ivanovka was surrounded. 60-70 yards, of which it was composed, were completely burned, and its inhabitants, including women and children (total 300 people) - were captured. Some tried to hide in their homes. And then these houses were set on fire along with the people who were in them. ”
Only in the first days of April, 1920, when the Japanese suddenly violated the armistice agreement, they destroyed Vladivostok, Spassk, Nikolsk-Ussuriysk and neighboring villages around 7 thousand people.
In the archives of the Vladivostok museums are stored and photographic evidence of the atrocities of the interventionists, posing next to the severed heads and tortured bodies of Russians. True, our politicians do not really want to remember all this now (and many of them, alas, do not even know this).
"American savages have fun"
Evidence of the atrocities of the invaders was cited in almost all local newspapers of that time. Thus, the Far Eastern Review resulted in the following fact: “In Vladivostok, on Svetlanskaya Street, an American patrol, chuckling, looked at the beating by Japanese soldiers of a sailor Kupriyanov. When indignant passers-by rushed to the rescue, the American patrol took him "under protection." It soon became known that the American "benefactors" shot Kupriyanov, allegedly for resisting the patrol. "
Another American patrol attacked Ivan Bogdashevsky, “he took the money from him, undressed him, beat him up and threw him into a hole. Two days later he died. ” 1 May 1919. Two drunken American soldiers attacked S. Komarovsky with the aim of robbery, but he managed to escape from the robbers.
At Sedanka, a group of American soldiers were brutally raped by 23-year-old citizen K. Facts of violence against women and girls in the form of the US army stallions were repeatedly recorded in other parts of Vladivostok and Primorye. Obviously, the girls of easy virtue, who then, as now, was not a little, American warriors already fed up. By the way, one of the “priestesses of love” who “rewarded” several American “cowboys” with a bad disease was somehow found killed on Prudovaya Street (which now has the Komsomolets cinema) with “five revolver bullets in the body”.
Another testimony taken from the press: “At the beginning of July, driving along Svetlanskaya Street in a cab, four drunken American soldiers, boldly, insulted passers-by. Passing by the public (ie the deputy. - Comm. Ed.) City Council Wojciechowski, Sanarsky and other persons, outraged by their behavior, stopped the cab driver. Drunken soldiers approached Wojciechowski and shouted at him in Russian: “Why are you whistling, Russian pig? Do you not know that today is an American holiday? ” One of the soldiers instructed Voitsekhovsky a revolver, and the other began to strike him in the face with a revolver.
By their cheeky, bestial behavior, the Americans even then tried to prove to the world that America is above all! So, as the newspaper “Red Flag” testified for 25 December 1920, a drunken gang of American sailors stumbled into the Kokina restaurant-coffee shop on Svetlanskaya and began to disperse the billiards in rude Russian in order to have fun, to drive the party-another ...
Or another example from the “Evening Newspaper” on 18 in November 1921. Five American sailors serving a radio station on the Russian island, which the interventionists seized back in 1918, arrived at the dance evening at the Radkevich Hall, which is at the Foot. Having pretty much taken on the chest, they began to "behave provocatively." And when the performance began, “they sat down in the second row, and their legs laid on the backs of the chairs of the first row” (where the Russian spectators were sitting). At the same time, the sailors said that they "spit on everything Russian, including Russian laws," and then began to row out. "
I must say that, judging by the surviving testimonies, the American warriors in terms of drunkenness, robbery and "obscenities in relation to women who are made vile proposals directly on the streets", as well as arrogant, boorish behavior towards everything and everyone, even then equal to themselves did not have. They could arrange, in a drunken stupor, indiscriminately firing on crowded streets on the principle: who did not hide - I am not guilty! Not at all embarrassed that innocent people are dying under their bullets. Brutally beat the first comer and see the contents of his wallet and pockets. The newspaper "Voice of the Motherland" for 12 January 1922 g. Gave a very specific title: "American savages have fun."
R. S. Recently, I had to prepare a short story about Russia's intervention in the civil war between the North and the South of the United States, which occurred several decades before the beginning of the civil war in Russia. Then the Russian state was at the peak of its power, and sovereign Alexander II sent two squadrons to the shores of America, denoting the Russian presence in the Pacific and the Atlantic oceans, and the calculation was not that the Russian military would take part in the battles, but that their presence will cool the heat of the British, who intended to enter the war against Lincoln (on the side of the slave states, of course).
The calculation of the Russian tsar was justified, the war did not become protracted and bloody, the British intervention was not deployed (England did not dare, at that time challenge the Russian the fleetsince at this moment Russia, as never before, had strengthened its fleet: instead of wooden battleships, it built metal frigates, one of them, the battleship Peter the Great, was considered at that time, one of the best warships in the world, in many respects superior to English ships, (although the strengthening and re-equipment of the Russian fleet was the result of the failures of the Crimean War). One way or another, during the landmark war between the North and the South, Russia very clearly outlined its position, the result was the preservation of the territorial integrity of the United States and the relatively rapid cessation of hostilities. Note that the Russian military did not kill a single person, not a single crippled.
Is it possible to compare Russian intervention in the civil war that took place in the USA with the American intervention in the civil war that took place in Russia? Russia in America supported the progressive North, the territorial integrity of the country, while the Americans, in Russia, supported the old system, but plus insisted on splitting the country, wanting to profit from its wealth. The Russians in the United States did not kill a single person, the Americans killed and tortured thousands of people in Russia.
And it’s also that not only the former Russia behaved more nobly than America, but also Soviet Russia cannot be compared with the United States. We can compare, say, the mid-twentieth-century interventions carried out by the US and the USSR in the territories that these countries wanted to subordinate to their control. So, during the suppression by the “bloody commies” of the Prague insurrection 1968 of the year, a total of 72 people perished, but in the same period of history, about two million civilians and at least one million Vietnamese soldiers were killed during the suppression of Vietnamese resistance.
PPS I think that a monument should be erected on Russky Island in memory of the killed and tortured Russian people who were victims of American intervention.