Military Review

Orion spacecraft to begin testing in 2014 year

25
The creation of the new Orion spacecraft, on which the American astronauts should go to Mars in about 20 years, is going according to plan. The first test apparatus will be held in 2014 year. This was announced at a hearing in the US Congress by Assistant Director of NASA Daniel Dumbaker.

According to ITAR-TASS, "Orion", designed for a crew of four, will allow flights to deep space, including the moon, an asteroid, and "ultimately - to Mars."

Commissioned by the US space agency, the ship, in collaboration with its contractors, is being developed by Lockheed Martin.

Speaking at the Senate Committee on Science, Space and Technology, Dumbaker said that the ship will go on its first non-crew test flight in 2014 using the Delta-4 rocket. And three years after that, Orion will be launched for the first time with the help of a new heavy carrier SLS, which is being developed by another giant of the US aerospace industry - the company Boeing. On 2021, NASA has scheduled tests of the ship with the crew aboard.

Lockheed Vice President Cleon Leysfield, who also spoke at the hearing, reported on the successful testing of several key systems of the new ship, aimed, in particular, at ensuring the safety of the crew.

Already passed the test of the emergency launch, navigation and docking systems, as well as parachutes, which are used when landing capsules with astronauts on Earth. The cabin of the ship was delivered to the assembly hangar at the cosmodrome at Cape Canaveral, work continues on the service module.
According to Leisfield, during its first flight in 2014, Orion will move about 6 thousands of kilometers away from Earth - 15 times farther than the International Space Station.

"When returning, it will enter the dense layers of the atmosphere at a speed of almost 32 thousands of kilometers per hour, and its surface temperature will exceed a thousand degrees Celsius. This has not been the case with a single manned ship since the astronauts have flown to the Moon on Apollo,” added the vice president of Lockheed Martin.

In turn, his Boeing colleague Jim Clifton said that the creation of a new heavy SLS launch vehicle is also going according to plan. In its design, both completely new elements will be used (for example, the first step with a diameter of 8,4 meter) and those already used in other projects (RS-25D engines on liquid hydrogen and oxygen, solid fuel boosters from the shuttle system, and the upper stage of the rocket "Delta-4").

SLS will be created in different versions and will be able to launch into space cargo weighing from 70 to 130 tons. According to NASA calculations, one launch would cost about $ 500 million — one and a half times less than each mission of the space shuttle cost.

The new launch vehicle and the Orion spacecraft together will constitute an integrated multifunctional system for manned flights into deep space.
As Dumbaker reported, if necessary, they can also be used to deliver crews and cargo to the ISS. However, this task will mainly be performed by new American ships developed on a commercial basis.

The first of them, Dragon, successfully made a test journey to the station in May and is preparing to set off again for it in October. The agreement between NASA and Space-X, which built the Dragon, provides for 12 expeditions to deliver cargo to the ISS. The contract is estimated at $ 1,6 billion.
Currently, Dragon is the only reusable cargo ship. Its launch is carried out using the Falcon-9 rocket, and an automatic station hand arm helps it to dock with the ISS.

Another company, Orbital Sciences, is also developing a cargo ship and plans to carry out its demonstration flight in the coming winter. Work continues in the United States on the creation of manned spacecraft that will be used on a commercial basis.

In particular, Sierra Nevada intends to build its Dream Chaser, designed for seven people, by 2016 year. Boeing Corporation is also working with partners from Bigelow Aerospace to develop its own version of the spacecraft, called CST-100.

A month ago, NASA announced that it was allocating a total of $ 1,1 billion to these companies for the construction and testing of spacecraft. "We are expanding opportunities for the commercial use of space and at the same time creating completely new conditions for further study of the universe," said Charles Bolden, director of the US space agency. He also stressed that these projects will give the United States thousands of new jobs.
Originator:
http://www.vesti.ru
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  1. Nevsky
    Nevsky 15 September 2012 18: 00
    +7
    Interestingly, the growing US foreign debt will not affect the space program in any way? Still, 2021 ... a lot of water will run away winked
    1. Alexei
      Alexei 15 September 2012 18: 15
      +6
      Of course not. It’s just that the figure will be longer by that time, and everything will remain the same. winked
    2. Yuri11076
      Yuri11076 15 September 2012 18: 19
      +2
      So they will turn on the printing press again. They’ve been doing this all the last time ...
    3. Auchan
      Auchan 15 September 2012 19: 33
      0
      Why the US has no debts:
      http://greencard-win.livejournal.com/936.html
      1. Joker
        Joker 15 September 2012 21: 16
        -3
        Listen, how can I shit on their technology and where does the Boeing? Yes, even a million they will collect aircraft and then what? Let them spend as much as they get, 16 trillion. debt is a gigantic amount, enough to rearm 10 our armies.
        1. Auchan
          Auchan 15 September 2012 22: 18
          +4
          Quote: Joker
          Let them spend as much as they get

          US Debt = US GDP
          Quote: Joker
          16 trillion debt is a gigantic amount, enough to rearm 10 of our armies.

          For the homeless, your salary and your housing and communal services receipt will also seem fabulous amounts.
          Quote: Joker
          Yes, even a million they will collect aircraft and then what?

          The economy is developing. That's what.
          1. Joker
            Joker 15 September 2012 23: 32
            +4
            In order not to be a fool, I fumbled on the Internet and read about the US economy, GDP growth, etc. I’m forced to agree with you, with huge US debts, they seem huge only for us, for them it is not huge but equal to only their annual GDP, I was not interested in Russia's GDP growth as before, so I was surprised that we had inflation 2 times more than in the United States despite the fact that our GDP is only 2 trillion. dollars, which is correspondingly as much as 7.5 times less than in the USA, our economy is growing at 4%, in the USA at 2.5%, as of 2012. So I agree with you, I was wrong.
      2. koosss
        koosss 16 September 2012 15: 03
        0
        about gold is funny
    4. APASUS
      APASUS 15 September 2012 19: 41
      +3
      Quote: Nevsky
      Interestingly, the growing US foreign debt will not affect the space program in any way?

      They just saw money wisely, and not like in Russia !! When a kilometer of a road can cost 500-600 million rubles !!! You don’t even have to be a financier to see a scam !!!
      1. Khabarov
        Khabarov 15 September 2012 21: 59
        +5
        US debt excites everyone, not Americans. They wanted to spit on him. As soon as they do not call the dollar, cut paper, candy wrappers. However, for these candy wrappers they provide everything that they need - oil, steel, color, brains from around the world. And Russia is ahead of the rest. Not only that, but the cut paper received for our resources, we send it back to them for storage, buying real estate, investing in stocks - we strengthen the economy. They will throw them all with this debt, declare new collateral and reset the counters. And meanwhile, instead of troubles with renaming their space agency, they went to these wrappers in the space sphere (and not only) far ahead, and we are looking for all the guilty.
    5. lotus04
      lotus04 15 September 2012 21: 32
      -3
      Quote: Nevsky
      Interestingly, the growing US foreign debt will not affect the space program in any way?


      No. Perhaps they will also visit Mars as they have visited the Moon. That is, it is still a big question whether there were or not. Now Hollywood has learned to do computer effects well. So they might still be able to "visit" Mars.
      1. Karish
        Karish 16 September 2012 07: 47
        +2
        Quote: lotus04
        No. Perhaps they will also visit Mars as they have visited the Moon. That is, it is still a big question whether there were or not. Now Hollywood has learned to do computer effects well. So they might still be able to "visit" Mars.

        Good morning everyone !!!!
        Why so much bile, they will not be able to have a public debt, they were not - this is a comp. effects. NASA’s program is impressive and impressive. Flight to the Moon, Reusable systems, Commercial rockets, Mars rover, Hubl. They have something to be proud of, and we have something to strive for. There are realities of life, and they are such that once we had relative parity in space and it was achieved at a different price. There is no connection, of course, but they have a large public debt, we still have half of Russia going to the toilet of the toilet system and carrying water from wells and columns. The point is that at some point, someone was stuck, and someone went on. What is there with foam at the mouth to prove that we are better? For 20 years (from the end of the 80s to 203-4), nothing was done or developed at all in space, money was invested in the best case, in support of what is on the cosmodrome in the Far East. You want to say the whole world smoked nervously on the sidelines while we sorted out our problems? No, he went far ahead. We see the results of these 20 years - the GLONASS system has not yet been formed, an endless series of disasters and unsuccessful launches. The outflow of personnel from the space industry. Only by recognizing this can we somehow draw conclusions and go forward. and if in every failure we begin to look for NATO’s hand, and not our slovenliness and mess, then everything will only get worse.
  2. smile
    smile 15 September 2012 18: 15
    +1
    Nevsky
    The main thing is the process! And in ten years, either the donkey will die, or the shah will die! :)))))
    1. Rider
      Rider 15 September 2012 19: 51
      +5
      Russia uses the only successful development of the Soviet era - the Soyuz spacecraft, during which time the United States developed two heavy manned ships - the Apollo and its receiver - the Space Shuttle. In the summer of 2012, the first commercial spacecraft, Dragon, entered orbit.

      This suggests that the Soviet space program succeeded only where it was easy, simple and cheap. In the early 60s, this was possible, but when it took truly serious research, NASA quickly rushed forward. Soviet stations were never at the outer planets of the solar system, all the cosmos data known to us were received from American probes. Space Observatories Hubble, Chandra, Herschel, Planck - Soviet science was unable to create anything similar.

      Over the past 12 years, NASA specialists have conducted dozens of expeditions into the depths of space. Three days after the accident with Phobos-Grunt, the automatic station YUNONA (USA) was successfully launched to Jupiter.
      The expedition "New Horizons" has been going on for the 6th year already - the American station is flying to Pluto. The expected arrival to the target is 2015.

      Conclusion: while Anna Chapman will finance Roskosmos, Russian satellites will continue to study the bottom of the Pacific Ocean.
      1. Slayer
        Slayer 15 September 2012 20: 35
        +1
        Rider in 1 we built space stations. The Americans did not succeed, the ISS was built by common forces, in 2 we were the first to send stations to Venus and in 3 and most importantly we launched a station that flew over all the planets and went beyond the limits of the solar system, such the distance without losing contact has not yet been overcome by anyone
        1. Rider
          Rider 15 September 2012 21: 30
          0
          Quote: Slayer
          most importantly, we launched a station that flew over all the planets and went beyond the limits of the solar system, such a distance without losing communication until no one could overcome

          Do not lie, it was an American station.
          Stations Pioneer-10, Peoneer-11, Voyager-1, Voyager-2, launched from 1972 to 1979. became the first stations to explore Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. 20 years ago, they left the solar system and went into deep space.
          Soviet science could not build such devices.
          Quote: Slayer
          in 1x we built space stations. Americans didn’t succeed

          The first orbital station was the American SKYLAB (1973-1979). In size it was like "Mir", launched 13 years later.
          Quote: Slayer
          we were the first to send stations to venus

          Venus is the inner planet closest to Earth. Everything is much simpler there.
          1. Slayer
            Slayer 15 September 2012 21: 52
            +3
            Chronology of Space Research
            1957 - the first intercontinental ballistic missile R-7 "Seven"
            1957 - Sputnik-1, the first artificial Earth satellite, was launched.
            1957 - the dog Laika becomes the first earthling in space
            1959 - the first spacecraft passed at a distance of 6000 km from the Moon and entered the heliocentric orbit, AMS "Luna-1"
            1959 - The first achievement of the surface of the moon. AMC "Luna-2" delivered to the moon pennant of the USSR
            1959 - the first photographing of the far side of the moon was made by the Luna-3 station. The first gravitational maneuver
            1960 - Squirrel and Strelka become the first astronauts to return alive after an orbital flight on the Sputnik-5 ship
            1961 - the first launch of a spacecraft from near-Earth orbit to another planet towards Venus, AMS "Venus-1"
            1961 - the world's first manned space flight, Yuri Gagarin on the Vostok-1 ship
            1961 - the man first spent in space for more than a day, German Titov on the ship Vostok-2
            1962 - the world's first group space flight on Vostok-3 and Vostok-4 ships
            1963 - the first woman in space, Valentina Tereshkova on the ship Vostok-5
            1964 - the world's first multi-seat spaceship, Sunrise-1
            1965 - the world's first manned EVA, Alexei Leonov on the ship Voskhod-2
            1966 - the world's first soft landing on the surface of the moon. The first images from the surface of the moon, AMC "Luna-9"
            1966 - the surface of the planet Venus was first reached, AMS “Venus-3”
            1966 - the first artificial moon satellite, AMS "Luna-10"
            1967 - the first docking of two unmanned spacecraft "Cosmos-186" and "Cosmos-188"
            1968 - the first return of the spacecraft to Earth after a flyby of the moon. On board the Zond-5 ship were living creatures: turtles, fruit flies, worms, plants, seeds, bacteria
            1969 - the first docking of two manned spacecraft, Soyuz-4 and Soyuz-5
            1969 - Apollo 11: the landing of people on the moon
            1970 - for the first time, an automatic station delivered samples of lunar soil to the Earth, AMS “Luna-16”
            1970 - the first semi-automatic self-propelled vehicle driven from Earth delivered to the moon, Lunokhod-1
            1970 - the world's first soft landing on the surface of another planet. AMC "Venus-7" landed on Venus
            1971 - the world's first orbital manned space station, Salyut-1
            1971 - the surface of Mars was first reached, AMS "Mars-2"
            1971 - the first soft landing on the surface of Mars, AWS "Mars-3"
            1975 - the first artificial satellite of Venus, AMC "Venus-9"
            1975 - the world's first images from the surface of Venus, AMS “Venus-9” and “Venus-10”
            1984 - the first woman in outer space, Svetlana Savitskaya at Salyut-7 station
            1986 - the first multi-module long-term orbital station, DOS "Mir". Worked until 2001
            1986 - the first balloon probes in the atmosphere of Venus, AMS "Vega-1" and "Vega-2"
            1986 - the first rapprochement with Halley's comet, the first pictures of its nucleus, AMS “Vega-1” and “Vega-2” were obtained
            1987 - the first crew to work in space for over one year, Vladimir Titov and Musa Manarov at the Mir station
            1988 - the first automatic landing of a reusable transport spacecraft, the Buran spacecraft
            1989 - the first rapprochement with Phobos - the satellite of Mars, AMC "Phobos-2"
            1997 - Mars Pathfinder: the device reached the planet Mars
            2004 - Spirit and Opportunity rovers reach the surface of the planet Mars
            2005 - The Huygens probe reached the surface of Saturn’s satellite Titan.
            2008 - Phoenix apparatus reached the surface of Mars

            Compare our and their achievements, and who has more, that’s the whole answer
            1. Rider
              Rider 15 September 2012 22: 01
              +2
              Quote: Slayer
              Compare our and their achievements, and who has more, that’s the whole answer

              Your list is far-fetched. It lacks the most complex and interesting interplanetary expeditions

              Where, for example, the legendary Pioneer and Voyager? Where did the unique Cassini expedition go (there is only Huygens)? Where is the heavy 700 kg Curiosity rover?
              Why aren't Mariner and Messenger expeditions the only probes to explore Mercury on the list?
              Why is it not said that everything we know about the nature of space is obtained from the American orbital observatories Planck, Herschel, Hubble and Chandra?

              Why is there no mention in the list of the American probe New Horizons, which is already the 6th year flying to the farthest planet of the solar system - Pluto?
          2. AlexxxNik
            AlexxxNik 16 September 2012 05: 26
            +1
            skylab, the same misunderstanding as Apollo, with a bunch of questions and not a single foreign witness, and the success of amers in deep space (not yet criticized) surprisingly coincided with the collapse of the USSR, the drain of "brains" and technologies, and more, which is the most arguable, lack of opponents and critics, and as experience shows, where amers cannot be controlled, there is only success and a breakthrough
            1. Santa Fe
              Santa Fe 16 September 2012 14: 37
              0
              Quote: AlexxxNik
              Skylab, the same misunderstanding as Apollo, with a bunch of questions and not a single witness to a foreigner

              Hmm, but what about joint flights under the Soyuz-Apollo program?
              Quote: AlexxxNik
              and the success of amers in deep space (not yet criticized) surprisingly coincided with the collapse of the USSR, the drain of "brains" and technologies

              I would not say that for the first time American stations explored Jupiter in the 1975 year, in 1979 two probes were sent at once - Voyagers who investigated all 4 large outer planets of the Solar System
              1. AlexxxNik
                AlexxxNik 17 September 2012 07: 32
                0
                http://bolshoyforum.org/wiki/index.php/%D0%9F%D0%BE%D0%BF%D0%BE%D0%B2_%D0%90.%D0
                %98:_%D0%9F%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%82_%C2%AB%D0%A1%D0%BE%D1%8E%D0%B7-%D0%90%D0%BF%
                D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%BD%C2%BB_%22%D0%9A%D0%B0%D0%BA_%D0%B2%D1%8B%D0%B3%D0%
                BB%D1%8F%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B8_%C2%AB%D0%A1%D0%BE%D1%8E%D0%B7-19%C2%BB_%D0%B8_
                %C2%AB%D0%90%D0%BF%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%BD-%D0%AD%D0%9F%D0%90%D0%A1%C2%BB_
                %D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BB%D0%B5_%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0%B7%D0%B2%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%89%D0%B5%
                D0% BD% D0% B8% D1% 8F% 22 and for those who are too lazy to read, in short, Apollo flew in from "orbit" with a polished surface, Soyuz-19 returned like a roasted pig, our astronauts after 8 hours of flight are dragged on a stretcher, and amersie jump out like devils out of a snuffbox and much more, which suggests that the Apollo union is the same contractual representation
  3. andrei332809
    andrei332809 15 September 2012 18: 20
    0
    I wonder how many of our brains are participating there? Amers ordered the development of the descent vehicle in Moscow. according to them, more reliable and cheaper
    1. Karish
      Karish 16 September 2012 07: 55
      +1
      Quote: andrei332809
      I wonder how many of our brains are participating there? Amers ordered the development of the descent vehicle in Moscow. according to them, more reliable and cheaper

      Interestingly, they order from us - reliably and cheaply, so nothing falls and explodes from us, but we probably order from them? Or where? Maybe Rogozin can already figure out what kind of secret design bureaus are - which for NASA they are doing everything as expected, and for their BRIZ-2, etc. ?
      1. andrei332809
        andrei332809 16 September 2012 08: 06
        0
        karishu
        amers ordered the development of an eight-seater launched in NGO mash
        1. Karish
          Karish 16 September 2012 15: 52
          0
          Quote: andrei332809
          amers ordered the development of an eight-seater launched in NGO mash

          And? What is the result? Why not voiced?
          1. andrei332809
            andrei332809 16 September 2012 15: 56
            0
            karishu
            I did not deal with this topic. there, their locals developed over the year to the state of launch in the series. Amers were going to establish production at home. maybe already done for the future
  4. Larus
    Larus 15 September 2012 18: 49
    -2
    But what about the device on which they supposedly flew to the Moon didn’t fit ?? Would you make any improvements and forward))))))))) Or that ship does not fly further than Hollywood, which is probably why they still fly on ours ISS).
  5. TROG
    TROG 15 September 2012 19: 20
    +1
    This is what a variety of ships it turns out, but two or three will fly to love.
    And if the amers get their plans.
    That is our, domestic cosmonautics, I don’t even know where it will be.
  6. patsantre
    patsantre 15 September 2012 19: 28
    +2
    That's what the Cold War means over - they plan to fly to Mars for 20 years ...
  7. anchonsha
    anchonsha 15 September 2012 20: 04
    +5
    Far in the long term, amers can leave us in space exploration ... Yes, and in the creation of new aircraft, too, since private companies also do this .... We have oligarchs who have excellent opportunities to get involved in this work, but they prefer Courchevels, the purchase of foreign sports clubs, stunning yachts, islands or arrange a brawl in a London court, which has already gone hundreds of millions of pounds stolen in Russia ... It's a shame for the state, very .....
    1. Mak
      Mak 15 September 2012 20: 37
      +5
      You say everything right. I would have invested part of the money in science in their place (space, high technology). Firstly, it may not come around to him, but to his children / grandchildren. Secondly, at least people will start to respect you a bit (they’ll buy yachts, clubs, clothes with pants). We have ignorant oligarchs. Because thieves are from the 90s, and they are used to living like a thieves. One day, everything to myself and more. How was one millionaire asked whether from Sweden, or rather from somewhere in Scandinavia - would he like the same taxes as in Russia (and there they have much more tax on excess profits)? He thought and said - No. I pay this money for a reason, they go to the municipality, to roads, to schools where my children and other generations will study. (I speak not literally). That would be such millionaires. And not every Jewish riffraff ....
    2. AlexxxNik
      AlexxxNik 16 September 2012 05: 35
      0
      may they not go far, traders are not the same people, as long as there is an opportunity to cut money, with zero exhaust for humanity,
  8. Narkom
    Narkom 16 September 2012 07: 31
    0
    the device in the picture, strangely, is very similar to the Apollo lander ...
    1. AlexxxNik
      AlexxxNik 16 September 2012 08: 56
      0
      only the experience is taken into account, now after "returning from space" it will no longer sparkle with stainless steel
  9. wax
    wax 16 September 2012 07: 34
    0
    You can only envy. Where is our April 1961, when the USSR washed the arrogant America?