Military Review

Strangest tanks: A7V

12
What are the designers capable of having received carte blanche? Flying war machines Tanks with four tracks, military robots are just the tip of the iceberg of engineering. We present the project "The strangest combat vehicles in the world" from the creators of the legendary game World of Tanks. The rubric tells about the amazing, courageous and disastrous decisions of tank engineers. The protagonist of this issue is the first serial German tank A7V.


In September 1916, the British used their diamond-shaped Mark I for the first time in battle. About 30 vehicles attacked the German positions and provided a tactical advantage. Countermeasures followed very soon - the designers of Germany presented a moving fortress on tracks with the index A7V. A total of cars were produced.


The German tank can be roughly divided into 3 parts. An engine was installed in the center, and in the front and aft there were fighting compartments with an artillery gun and machine guns, of which there were a total of 6 pieces. A 56 mm cannon was installed in the bow of the hull as the main weapon. Also, the designers planned to equip the tank with a flamethrower, but this did not come to that.

Compared to other combat vehicles of the First World War, the A7V was perhaps the most armed and possessed the greatest amount of firepower. In theory, he could perform a wide range of combat missions, but in practice, not everything worked out.

Another feature of the tank was the number of crew members. In order to realize his potential, it took a lot of fighters. The gun and each machine gun were served by several people. In addition, the vehicle was attended by a commander, a driver, two engineers who constantly monitored the condition of the engines, and several specially trained mechanics. In total, the tank had from 18 to 23 crew members.

The conditions inside the A7V are not comfortable. Temperatures from 50 to 70 degrees Celsius and exhaust gases led to the fact that the crew sometimes simply did not have enough air. Due to the fact that the engines were not isolated, it was cramped inside and very loud. In addition, the battlefield was practically invisible from this steel box. It was hard inside and carrier pigeons, which provided communication with the line of defense.


With its size and number of guns, the A7V terrified enemy infantry. In addition, the tank had the best armor of the time. However, the size of the vehicle made it an easy target for artillery.

A7V without exaggeration can be called one of the most interesting and strange combat vehicles of the First World War. It is considered a "dinosaur" in the evolutionary tree of tanks, and despite the dead-end branch of its development, it still remains a subject of discussion among historians and experts.

For more details on the German heavy tank A7V, see the video from Wargaming.
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  1. SergKam
    SergKam 16 November 2021 05: 35
    +7
    In order to test the tank and not destroy Europe ahead of time, he was sent to Africa to enslave the "rebellious Zusuls"
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 16 November 2021 06: 18
      +6
      ... the British used their diamond-shaped Marks for the first time in battle


      Well, at least the British had tanks that looked like tanks, but the Germans had a purely "barn on wheels", the smartest of all were the "frivolous" French with their Renault FT-17 model 1918, setting the fashion for the layout of tanks for many years to come , right up to our time.

      I tried to find a picture with this monster "more beautiful", if at all you can talk about some kind of beauty

      1. Crowe
        Crowe 16 November 2021 06: 23
        +10
        And not so long ago there was an article, there are both pictures and photos ...
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 16 November 2021 06: 36
          +10
          Precisely, Shpakovsky's article is much more interesting than this sketch.

          Chassis and engine, suddenly someone is interested. smile
          1. Crowe
            Crowe 16 November 2021 06: 44
            +10
            And so it was inside him, if suddenly someone is interested
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 16 November 2021 07: 11
              +5
              Yeah, funny car. smile
      2. aleks neym_2
        aleks neym_2 16 November 2021 06: 25
        +5
        This is not a tank, this is a mobile armored fort on tracks. For a fort he is, I don’t mind, a handsome man, but as a tank ... for an amateur.
      3. hohol95
        hohol95 16 November 2021 07: 42
        +6
        And what did the French have BEFORE FT-17 ,?
        The same "box-like" "Schneider" and "Saint-Chemon"!
        The base from the Holt tractors was the same for the Hermenians and for the French - why invent "something" when there is a run-in solution. Plus it saves time, minus ... a lot of cons!
        Inability to overcome trenches and ditches, hull overhang over the chassis, and so on.
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 16 November 2021 08: 14
          +7
          And what did the French have BEFORE FT-17 ,?
          The same "box-like" "Schneider" and "Saint-Chemon"!

          Quite right, but the French still made the FT-17, but the British and Germans did not. This is the whole point.
          1. hohol95
            hohol95 16 November 2021 13: 00
            +3
            Having "tasted the beauty" of the use of these two machines, the French military desired a smaller and lighter machine.
            For direct escort of infantry. Just a self-run and armored machine gun nest.
            And the first "sheds" could bury their noses in the ground while passing the battlefield dug by the vlronkami.
            And the British "rejected" "Little Willie" and the possibility of its transformation into a full-fledged combat vehicle spent all their efforts on "land battleships" with gesenits for the entire hull. And there are more cannons with machine guns and the enemy's trench can easily be smeared without an additional "tail".
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 17 November 2021 00: 48
              +2
              Just a self-run and armored machine gun nest.


              I fundamentally disagree. "An armored machine-gun self-runner nest" would be Porokhovshchikov's "All-terrain vehicle" if it could be brought to mind. And the FT-17 was quite a full-fledged tank with a cannon - 37-mm (Male) or machine-gun (Female) armament and, unlike its contemporaries, survived until World War II and, at least in second and third roles, took part in it ...
              1. hohol95
                hohol95 17 November 2021 07: 39
                +2
                The French infantry used the "mobile infantry fire" method - fighters with light machine guns in infantry lines to suppress enemy firing points.
                The FT-17 was conceived as a cheap "armored skirmisher" in an infantry chain.
                Louis Renault was asked to design an "armored case for an engine and two people."
                The type and characteristics of the "final product" indicate the high professionalism of Renault designers.
                And he could have found "ala-Vezdelaz" ...
                General Mouret (chief of the automobile service of the French army) considered such a "car" unnecessary!
                And the release of the tank was "punched" through Marshal Joffre!