"The bravest of the brave." Marshal Ney: from Lutzen to Waterloo

"The bravest of the brave." Marshal Ney: from Lutzen to Waterloo
F. Camp. March of the French grenadiers against the British infantry

Article "The bravest of the brave." Marshal Ney: from Valmy to Berezina We ended with the message that on December 14, 1812, Marshal Michel Ney was one of the last in Napoleon's Great Army to leave the Russian Empire. On April 1, 1813, Napoleon issued a decree granting her the title of Prince of Moskvoretsky. And then hostilities resumed.

1813 Campaign

In 1813, the army of the French Empire rose like a phoenix from the ashes. It no longer had so many cavalry and artillery pieces, but at first Napoleon won again - but without the usual brilliance. Victories were given with difficulty, and the enemy armies, having escaped defeat, retreated in order to, having received reinforcements, enter into new battles. Napoleon was still winning, but his marshals were already defeated.

The campaign of 1813 Ney began with the Battle of Lützen, where he commanded three corps. The allied forces of Russia and Prussia under the command of Wittgenstein, in the presence of Alexander I and Friedrich Wilhelm, attacked the French vanguard, commanded by Ney. After the approach of the main forces led by Napoleon, they had to retreat. Due to the lack of a sufficient number of cavalry units, the French failed to organize their full-fledged pursuit.

In this battle, Ney was wounded in the leg. At the same time, Marshal Bessière, who was standing next to him, died.

Then there was a two-day battle at Bautzen (in front of Napoleon's eyes, then the Chief Marshal Duroc was mortally wounded). A convincing victory for Napoleon did not happen here either.

The French also succeeded in defeating the grandiose battle at Dresden. A cannonball then killed General Moreau, who entered the Russian service, who, at Alexander's insistence, was to become the commander-in-chief of the allied armies.

These three battles - at Lützen, Bautzen and Dresden, ended in favor of the French, but the victories were unconvincing and came at too high a price. In addition, simultaneously with the victory at Dresden, the French were defeated at the Katzbach River, where MacDonald's corps was defeated by the Russian-Prussian army under the command of Blucher. And then the battle of Kulm ended in defeat for the French, in which General Vandam was taken prisoner.

On September 6, 1813, at Dennewitz, Ney was defeated in a battle with the Prussians of Büllow and the Swedes of Bernadotte. And then there was a terrible defeat at Leipzig, in which the shell-shocked Ney still managed to withdraw his troops in relative order. Now the French were forced to leave Germany.

1814 year

Mesogne. Campaign of 1814 in France

In 1814, Ney received command of the Young Guard unit. There were already many young soldiers who were mockingly called "Marie-Louise" (after Bonaparte's wife, who signed the decrees on new recruiting). Ney fought at Brienne, La Rottier, in the so-called Six Day War, at Craon, Laon and Arsy-sur-Aube. It was a fantastic campaign: Napoleon was winning everywhere and everywhere. He himself later said that “put on the boots of 1796". However, many historians believe that then Napoleon surpassed himself. And a series of battles from January 29 to February 2, 1814, in which he won victories at Champobert, Montmirail, Chateau-Thierry and Voshan, putting Blucher's army (in which the Russian and Prussian corps were located) on the brink of a military catastrophe, is considered by many to be the top of military leadership. Bonaparte.

But the fate of France was decided in Paris, which was surrendered to the allies Marmont and Mortier. This was discussed in detail in the article. The first renunciation of Napoleon, we will not repeat ourselves. It was Ney who led a group of marshals who, after the surrender of Paris, demanded the abdication of the emperor. He, along with Caulaincourt and MacDonald, handed over to Alexander I the act of Napoleon's abdication from the throne.

Ney became one of those marshals who took the oath of office to Louis XVIII. Submission to the Bourbons, in addition to him, was shown by such famous military leaders as MacDonald, Augereau, Serurier, Brunn, Berthier, Monsey, Victor, Oudinot and Marmont. For this, Ney was awarded the Order of Saint Louis, received the post of commander of the military district in Besançon, the corps of royal cuirassiers, dragoons, rangers and chevolgers, became the peer of France. She also retained the titles of Duke of Elchingen and Prince of Moskvoretsky. However, both the Bourbons and the aristocrats who arrived with them really did not understand anything, and did not learn anything. And very soon Ney, who had preserved his property and titles, realized that he remained in the eyes of the arrogant emigrants a boorish man. He left Paris for his estate Kudro. To the former adjutant Octave Levasseur, who visited him there, he said:

“I don’t want to see my wife come back in the evenings all in tears from the humiliation she received during the day.”

What can we say about ordinary Frenchmen?

And these aristocrats for some reason seriously counted on the loyalty of Ney and other veterans of the Napoleonic campaigns, who were permanently insulted by them. And then they were very surprised: why no one wants to protect them from the "Corsican monster"?

"Flight of the eagle"

So, on March 1, 1815, Napoleon with a handful of soldiers landed in the Bay of Juan and began his triumphal journey to Paris. Michel Ney, directed against Bonaparte, went over to his side.

Did she deceive Louis XVIII when, during his last audience, he promised him to bring Napoleon in an iron cage? Or was he really going to carry out the king's order and capture the emperor heading for Paris?

It should be said that Ney quickly realized that he had minimal opportunities to arrest Napoleon. There was no guarantee that the soldiers would obey in the event of an order to attack the emperor. In addition, at the time of Ney's meeting with Bonaparte, he (unexpectedly) had half the number of soldiers than Napoleon. In general, at that time, Ney himself had much more chances of being in an iron cage. To the same Levasseur Ney will say later:

"Could I stop the movement of the sea with my two hands?"

And he would advise the royalist colonel Dubalen to leave the army as soon as possible, because he could not ensure his safety.

This was the result of the activities of the emigrants who returned to France just a year ago.

At the same time, Ney did not rush into Napoleon's arms. On the contrary, upon meeting, he handed him a very tough letter, which outlined the conditions for going over to his side:

“I join you not out of respect and affection for your person. You were the tyrant of my homeland. You have brought mourning to all families and despair to many. You have disturbed the peace of the whole world. Since fate brings you back, swear to me that from now on you will devote yourself to correct the evil that you have done to France, that you will make people happy ... I demand that you recruit armies no more than to defend our borders them for unnecessary conquests ... Under these conditions, I will not interfere with your plans. I give myself only to save my country from the division that threatens it. "

The former warm and close relationship between the emperor and the marshal was out of the question. It got to the point that Ney again left for his estate, and, seeing him in Paris at the May Field festival, Napoleon, either seriously, or with a mockery, said:

"I thought you emigrated."

And only at the last moment, already going to the army, Napoleon writes to Davout:

“Call Marshal Ney. Tell him that if he wants to participate in the first battles, he should arrive on June 14 at Aven, where my main headquarters will be deployed. "

Like, not very much and it is necessary, but if he really wants - so be it, let him come, stand on the sidelines.

And which of the old comrades-in-arms was next to Napoleon at that moment? Davout, who did not lose a single battle (and did not swear allegiance to the Bourbons after Napoleon's abdication), was left in Paris. Massena and Mortier "got sick". Refused to come from Bavaria, Bonaparte's stepson Eugene (Eugene) Beauharnais. Augereau himself expressed his readiness to appear, but received an order to leave for one of his estates, and then was excluded from the list of marshals (the reasons for this attitude of Napoleon to him will be discussed in a separate article). Expelled by the Austrians from his kingdom, Murat offered Napoleon the services of a cavalry commander (the best of all possible) - and received no answer. On Saint Helena, Bonaparte regretted it. Already quite elderly at that time, Lefebvre (60 years old, after all) limited himself to congratulations, but avoided the service. Berthier left after the Bourbons. No Macdonald and Marmont remained loyal to Louis XVIII. Soult is under Napoleon: the emperor appoints him chief of staff. There is still recently received the rank of Marshal Pears - a fairly experienced, executive and experienced general, but who did not grab stars from the sky, who never commanded an army. Under these conditions, Napoleon still doubts whether to call him Ney? And Davout omits this insulting "if he wants to" in his letter.

Napoleon's last campaign

The French army went north to Belgium, and a chain of mistakes and accidents began - seemingly small and insignificant, but with great consequences.

The impeccable Marshal Davout, who never let Napoleon down, remains in Paris. And no one can replace him during the campaign in Belgium.

In the Battle of Linyi (June 16, 1815), Napoleon defeated the Prussians: the enemy's losses in killed and wounded reached 20 thousand, Blucher, who fell from his horse, was almost trampled by the horses of French cuirassiers. And Gneisenau, who had lost sight of him, changed the direction of the army's withdrawal: instead of Namur, it went to Wavre. The Prussians found themselves much closer to Wellington's English army than had been anticipated.

Ney on the same day defeats the British and their allies at Kart-Bra. Subordinate to him, General Drouet d'Erlon was supposed to go to the rear of Wellington's army, but Napoleon turns him around and orders him to go to Ligny. As a result, d'Erlon's detachment does not fulfill the task assigned to him by Nei, but does not have time to go into the rear of the already withdrawn Prussian army. Therefore, despite heavy losses, both enemy armies are retreating in perfect order.

Napoleon divides the army: with Nei he goes against Wellington, and Gruschi instructs to pursue the Prussian troops of Blucher. And this mistake can no longer be corrected.

The Battle of Waterloo

On June 18, the day of the Battle of Waterloo, the count goes on for hours, but the French attack is postponed due to the rain that had passed the day before: it is impossible to move heavy artillery pieces on wet ground. Only at about 11:30 volleys of French cannons heralded the beginning of one of the most significant battles in the world. stories.

Napoleon's plan was to break through the center of the English positions, but in order to force Wellington to weaken his positions there, Napoleon orders an attack on the well-fortified Ugumon farm on the right flank of the British - and again loses both strength and time.

The castle-like Ugumon farm. Some sources claim that it belonged to the family of Victor Hugo.

Up to 14 thousand Frenchmen fiercely stormed Ugumon throughout the day, which was defended by a combined detachment of 12 thousand people - and they could not take it. In the battle for this farm, Jerome Bonaparte was wounded.

Fight for Ugumon Farm

Pears hears cannonade from just 18 km from the battlefield - much closer than Blucher. Generals Gerard and Vandam beg him to hurry to the aid of the emperor, but Grushi meticulously fulfills the earlier received order - he goes to Wavre, where only the rearguard units of the Prussian army are located.

Napoleon orders Soult to find Pears - and he, instead of 10 or 15 messengers who would go in search of different roads, sends one adjutant.

She is in charge of the attacks on the center and right flank of Wellington's army. The attack on British positions in the first stage of the battle was led by General d'Erlon. The French infantry, in order to reduce losses from the enemy's rifle fire, did not advance in columns, but in lines - and could not quickly rebuild in square under the attack of the British cavalry. French cavalry came to the aid of their infantrymen, a fierce felling ensued, it was not possible to break through the positions of the British and their allies. At that time, some troops appeared on the horizon - and they were the Prussians.

The most experienced Ney suddenly threw three cavalry divisions against the British infantry squares. But he did not "go crazy", as Napoleon later said. Wellington, in order to reduce losses from the fire of the French artillery, ordered to withdraw the troops 100 steps back. This movement was mistaken for a retreat. And therefore it was decided to complete the defeat with a blow from the cavalry units. Moreover, for the third attack in a row, Napoleon himself assigned her two reserve cavalry divisions.

Jean Oj. French cavalry at Waterloo

Shaw-Kennedy, an Englishman who watched the first attack, recalled:

"Completed with excellent formation, the advance of this stately and highly disciplined cavalry was an extremely spectacular sight ... The beginning of their attack was extraordinarily beautiful and thrilling."

The attack follows the attack, some of the English squares are defeated, but since the French cavalry is not supported by the infantry, they immediately close.

Giuseppe Rava. A square of English infantry at Waterloo

British artillery strikes are simply devastating. Under Neem, three horses were killed in two hours (and in a day - 5).

T.M. Charms. Ney leads a cavalry charge against a square of British infantry on the slopes of Mont Saint-Jean

The French cavalry divisions have lost half of their personnel, but Wellington's army also suffers heavy losses, many killed and wounded. Some units even flee from the battlefield, some of these fugitives get to Brussels and report the defeat of Wellington. The first of the corps of the Prussian army (under the command of Bülow) at this time is approaching the village of Planchenois, on which the right flank of the French rests. He cannot immediately join the battle: the soldiers need rest, and in order to line up the units in battle formation, it also takes time. Finally, at about 16:30 pm, he attacks the French positions near the village of Planchenois, but the Young Guard repels this attack. And Ney, at last, after 18:00, captured the La-Haut-Sainte farm located in the center of the British positions, and the French brought up their artillery units here. It seems that the Ugumon farm on the right flank of the British is also about to fall. Napoleon sends messengers to Paris with the news of the victory.

Wellington utters famous phrases: first - “We seem to be losing the battle"And then asks"night or Blucher».

The most interesting thing is that 13 km from it - in the area of ​​Tubiz and Halle, at that time there was a 17-thousandth corps of Prince Frederick of the Netherlands. Wellington put it there himself - and forgot about it.

At Wavr, Grusha is now successfully fighting the Prussian rearguard.

And the French guards can barely hold on to Planchenois.

A. Horten. The assault on Planchenois by the Prussian infantry

Napoleon has no time left, and he sends into battle the Old Guard - two grenadier and two Jaeger regiments, which are supported by the Middle Guard. With his guards, Napoleon goes to La-et-Sainte and hands them over to her command. Wellington is gathering his last reserves, whatever parts he still has. These are the British Guards Brigade of Maitland, the infantry brigades of Adams, Colin Hullketh, the Dutch brigade Chassé, the Brunswick units of Dietmers, the cavalrymen of Vivian and Vandeleur, three artillery batteries.

The first column of guards overturns the 30th and 73rd British regiments, but its advance is stopped by the Chasse brigade.

The second column under artillery fire ascends to the Mont-Saint-Jean plateau and captures the batteries.

Jean Oj. Attack of the Old Guard on the Mont-Saint-Jean plateau

But in a field of unmown wheat lie the foot soldiers of General Peregrine Maitland. Now they rise: four lines of enemy soldiers seem to rise in front of the astonished French. Their volley kills about 300 people at once, the subsequent bayonet attack puts the rangers to flight.

The third column of French Guards does not withstand the fire and attacks of the Adams Brigade and Colborne's 52nd Regiment.

The sight of the fleeing guards made a heavy impression on the French army. At this time, the Prussians, who approached, struck on the right, and, seeing their attack, Napoleon said:

"What a pity I didn't burn Berlin."

Giuseppe Rava. Prussian "hussars of death"

The Young Guard and two battalions of the Old Guard tried for some time to hold back the Prussian offensive at Planchenois, but were soon forced to retreat. Panic seized the French troops. Ney stands in one square, then in another, but cannot stop the retreat. It is said that then he exclaimed:

"Will there really be no bullet or cannonball for me?"

And Napoleon at that time was in the square of the Old Guard, assembled by Cambronne. He even tried to get into line with a musket, but the adjutants at the first opportunity put him on a horse and sent him farther to the rear. And then a carriage was found for the emperor, on which he left for Paris. The square in which he recently stood was shot by the British - after the French refused to surrender.

Giuseppe Rava. The last square of the French Imperial Guard at Waterloo

Robert Alexander Hillingford. General Hill addresses the last square of the Old Guard at Waterloo

According to a beautiful legend, its commander, Cambronne, shouted then:

"The guard is dying, but not surrendering!"

However, Cambronne himself, who miraculously survived, later claimed that he had said only one indecent word - the first thing that came to his mind.

Charles Edouard Armand-Dumaresque. General Cambronne at Waterloo

In Paris, Napoleon told Caulaincourt, who met him, that “the army worked wonders", But then the troops"panic gripped". And he blamed Ney for the defeat, who “behaved like crazy”And destroyed the cavalry (recall that Napoleon actually approved of Ney's actions, allocating two reserve cavalry divisions for the third attack of the enemy squares).

Her, for whom there was no "no core, no bullet", And which, despite all efforts, failed to show,"how the marshal of France dies", Left the battlefield in the general crowd of retreating. He walked for a long time, then got hold of a horse and also went to Paris.

In the next article we will finish the story about Marshal Her.
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  1. +2
    28 September 2021 18: 10
    Napoleon issued a decree granting her the title of Prince Moskvoretsky

    And immediately a historical anecdote.
    The title was called Prince de la Moskowa, that is, "Prince of Moscow", but not "Moskvoretsky".
    1. VLR
      28 September 2021 18: 53
      In France, the Battle of Borodino is called the "Battle of the Moscow River". And the title was given to Ney not on the occasion of the occupation of Moscow, but in honor of the battle, one of the heroes of which was this marshal.
      1. 0
        28 September 2021 20: 05
        In France, the battle is called Bataille de la Moskova. Further, it is usually specified that Moskova is a river.
        And "Moskvoretsky" is already "in the language of native aspens."
        1. +12
          28 September 2021 20: 39
          Quote: Undecim
          Bataille de la Moscow

          then there is clearly something wrong. smile
          I am worried about the article "la". It does not seem to be used before proper names.
          Well, "Moskova". The French call our capital "Moscou", but the river on which it is located is "Moscova". So there is, apparently, no options - a river. And the translation "Moskvoretsky" is possible, and probably even more accurate.
          1. 0
            28 September 2021 20: 50
            However, no one calls Suvorov Count Rymnikskoretsky, just as Rumyantsev is Zadunaiskoretsky.
            1. +4
              28 September 2021 21: 31
              Vic. Nick, so nicknames: "Rymniksky" or "Transdanubian" were given by compatriots, and how the paddling pool or the Germans translated this their case
            2. +5
              28 September 2021 21: 39
              Well, these analogies, in my opinion, are not entirely accurate. I do not know if there is a settlement called Rymnik, but Zadunaya, definitely not. There is nothing to be confused here. In addition, we are translating the title of Ney from the original French, and the titles of Rumyantsev and Suvorov do not need to be translated into Russian.
              "Moskvoretsky" sounds askew, I agree, but conveys the meaning more accurately. Agree, "Prince of Moscow" suggests the city, not the river.
              You can try to find an analogy when in the native language the settlement and the geographic object associated with it are called the same, but in the Russian tradition - differently. Then the Russian "title" will be the same problem for translators. smile
              1. +1
                28 September 2021 21: 49
                That is, if the title is received in honor of the city, let's say Kharkov, then the count of Kharkov, and if the rivers Kharkov - Kharkovskoretskiy, Kostromskiy - Kostromskoretskiy, Nalchikskiy - Nalchikskoretskiy?
                In my opinion, we are pulling an owl to the globe in a fit of turbopatriotism.
                1. +3
                  28 September 2021 22: 27
                  Not at all. It's about translation. In French, the city and the river are called differently, and in Russian - the same. In order to betray the meaning of the title, clear for a Frenchman, but ambiguous for a Russian, we are forced to clarify what is correct - along the river. Otherwise, confusion ensues.
                  Imagine that in Russia officially the city of Dnepropetrovsk was left with its former name. So we decided so and left on all the maps - Dnepropetrovsk. And then they came up with the idea of ​​assigning the title of Count of Dneprovsky to someone along the river. How do you translate into Ukrainian?
                  This is also a curve analogy, of course, but it conveys the meaning of the situation to a certain extent.
        2. +3
          28 September 2021 21: 15
          1. +3
            28 September 2021 21: 22
            The Neva River - Alexander Nevsky, the Rymnik River - Rymniksky, Danube - Zadunaisky. And then suddenly for some reason Moskvoretsky. So that it was not offensive?
            1. +8
              28 September 2021 23: 34
              The problem for the native eye is that the cities of Neva, Rymnik, Danube do not exist, but Moscow is.
              1. -3
                28 September 2021 23: 58
                It’s not a problem for the eye, it’s a problem for the brain.
        3. -5
          28 September 2021 21: 59
          Quote: Undecim
          And "Moskvoretsky" is already "in the language of native aspens."

          Our shooter has ripened everywhere ...

          I think another source of inspiration for our tireless historian this time served this blog. We are waiting for the next showdown with plagiarism.

          Marshal Ney. Part 10: from the Bourbon Restoration to the Hundred Days.
          43 521
          Fiona 20 February 2018

          1. +5
            28 September 2021 22: 18
            Is using a source as a source of inspiration plagiarism?
            1. -6
              28 September 2021 22: 26
              If your article is full of passages copied to the comma from the source of inspiration, the source itself is not indicated as a link and there is still enough impudence

              Today, 21: 28

              I don’t remember how Manfred’s got there, maybe it’s similar, but I invented the "boor-man" myself. Somehow not very elegant, in my opinion, it turned out, I didn't really like it myself, but I left it, because the essence of the attitude of aristocratic emigrants to the "new nobility" of Bonaparte's empire quite accurately reflects

              then yes, it is usually called plagiarism
              1. +2
                28 September 2021 22: 31
                And the statute of limitations cannot be applied here?
                1. -2
                  28 September 2021 22: 38
                  Quote: Undecim
                  And the statute of limitations cannot be applied here?

                  The general limitation period is three years (Article 196 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation) - as a general rule, from the day when the person learned or should have learned about the violation of his right and who is the proper defendant in the claim for the protection of this right.

                  At the same time, the limitation period may not exceed 10 years from the date of violation of the right for the protection of which this period is established, except for the cases established by the Federal Law of 06.03.2006 N 35-FZ "On Countering Terrorism".
                  1. -2
                    28 September 2021 22: 42
                    Maybe blow over!
                    1. -4
                      28 September 2021 22: 46
                      It will carry it due to its insignificance.

                      So the copyright title Zamoskvoretsky belongs to this blogger. Our author is also a maskilist along the way ... the Algerian cycle also plagiarized a woman
                      1. VLR
                        29 September 2021 04: 54
                        You should remember the number of the article of the Criminal Code on libel. Moreover, in the case of the Algerian cycle, it will not be possible to refer to ignorance: screenshots have been preserved. And personal correspondence with that same Ekaterina Urzova is in the archive. Anonymity and scribbling are "nicknames" - they do not always save.
                      2. -2
                        29 September 2021 05: 50
                        How interesting .... and what's in those screenshots?
                      3. +4
                        29 September 2021 07: 08
                        You should remember the number of the article of the Criminal Code on libel.

                        h. 2 tbsp. 128.1 of the Criminal Code - "libel committed in public using the Internet".
                        fine up to 1 million rubles. or in the amount of the salary or other income of the convicted person for a period of up to 1 year;
                        compulsory work for up to 240 hours;
                        forced labor up to 2 years;
                        arrest for up to 2 months;
                        imprisonment for up to 2 years.
          2. 0
            29 September 2021 07: 27
            Our urchin ripen everywhere ...

            Are you talking about yourself, dear? laughing
        4. +3
          29 September 2021 03: 40
          Quote: Undecim
          in the language of native aspens

          So that's what translation
      2. +5
        28 September 2021 22: 12
        The battle of Borodino is called "the battle of the Moscow River"
        Moreover, Napoleon himself decided to call it that.
      3. +5
        28 September 2021 22: 35
        I've read about him. Worthy opponent.
    2. +5
      28 September 2021 19: 12
      Already discussed.
    3. +6
      28 September 2021 19: 33
      Vic. Nick, good evening. The author is resting on his laurels, and you are tugging at his pants: "I was descending to sinful earth."
      I'm surprised that there is no definition: "storyteller". Probably the author "coped"?
      1. +6
        28 September 2021 20: 23
        Quote: vladcub
        The author is resting on his laurels, and you are tugging at his pants: "I went down to sinful earth."

        For the third day in a row, VikNik acts as a "client" of the emperor, who, during the triumph behind his back, reminded the latter of "everything is fleeting"! laughing
        1. +4
          28 September 2021 20: 38
          As far as I know Viktor Nikolaevich, he is always in this role. For which we respect!
        2. +1
          28 September 2021 21: 33
          And does not get tired of reminding
  2. +12
    28 September 2021 18: 22
    Upon learning of the betrayal of the marshal, Louis XVIII exclaimed: “Nothingness! For him there is no concept of honor!” And the distressed royalists repeated the couplet with bitter irony:
    Who brought troubles to France?
    Either a snub nose, or a crooked nose.
    1. +12
      28 September 2021 19: 13
      Only that comes to mind from the domestic

      Ivan Krylov - On Marshal Ney
      French Marshal Ney
      He was exalted by a prince in Mozhaisk.
      And before Mozhaisk was different
      A breed of pigs.
      1. +8
        28 September 2021 20: 02
        And yet, Ney was completely loyal to King Louis XVIII and did not participate in any intrigue against him, and there were enough intrigues from the moment when Louis sat on the throne, until Napoleon's return, there was everyday life in the palace during that period. And then, after 100 days.
        1. +2
          28 September 2021 21: 28
          Strange, so much has been written and not a single video of that time. It could not be that it would not be filmed. Where did the tapes go? Here Napoleon is a fine fellow for France, but he did not do what Generalissimo Stalin did, and Stalin is absolutely nobody for Russia. Just think under his leadership, he defeated Hitler's Europe. He rallied the country and made a nuclear shield, but did not steal anything.
        2. +5
          28 September 2021 21: 36
          Only Louis did not appreciate it. He really wanted Ney to bring Napoleon in a cage, and since he didn't bring - BYAKA
  3. +16
    28 September 2021 18: 22
    Un grand merci, author, very tasty! It’s even a little pity that
    In the next article we will finish the story about Marshal Her.
    I hope for an equally interesting continuation of the stories about the era of the Napoleonic wars. With respect and gratitude for the work.
    1. +12
      28 September 2021 19: 02
      Yes, it is written so that you see what is happening.
      I read with excitement, worried, as if it concerned me directly. The thunder of cannons, the smell of smoke, blood, the whistle of cannonballs, the screams of the dying - I felt everything.
      1. +7
        28 September 2021 19: 15
        'You are Russian,
        Dolyushka female "(c)
        1. +11
          28 September 2021 19: 50
          You are Russian share,
          Dolyushka female

          And how expressive! Climbed onto a stool ...
          Clap, clap, clap! - this is me applauding wassat )))
          1. +6
            28 September 2021 19: 56
            Clap, clap, clap! - this is me applauding
            Wait to applaud, let the glasses take off!
        2. +5
          28 September 2021 21: 17
          Nekrasov: "Russian women"
      2. +14
        28 September 2021 19: 22
        written so that you see what is happening.
        I completely agree - a person can do it. My hypothetical dialogue with the author on this matter would look like this:
        - Well, mogo!
        - Not mogёm, but mogem!
        1. +12
          28 September 2021 20: 06
          Also as a mogem. Some authors, I will not point a finger, it is not a sin to learn.
          I'm just afraid that they won't want to learn.
      3. +8
        28 September 2021 20: 11
        Excellent! I read it with great, great pleasure!
        Thank you Valery !!!
        Lyudmila Yakovlevna, good evening!
        Do you remember this piece? wink
        1. +8
          28 September 2021 20: 33
          Seryozha, hello!)))
          No, I haven't read The Adventures of Brigadier Gerard. So, even though I have nothing to remember, thanks for reminding laughing )))
          1. +6
            28 September 2021 20: 39
            Well, of course. One of the favorite books of my childhood.

            This is a really modern version, we had the Conan-Doyle series.
            1. +5
              28 September 2021 21: 16
              I have heard about it, but have not read it. At that time, from Conan Doyle, flashed: "The Lost World", "Holmes" and more, something from fantasy.
              V. Scott "White detachment" from someone of my acquaintances flashed, but I read it only this year
              1. +7
                28 September 2021 22: 33
                "White squad" - also Conan Doyle, Vera. smile
        2. +9
          28 September 2021 20: 51
          However, the grave of Marshal Ney in the Pere Lachaise cemetery in Paris was opened in 1903. The coffin was empty, but this can be discussed after the final part about Marshal Ney.
          1. +7
            28 September 2021 21: 00
            You mean ... a faked shooting?

            However, you are right, we will not get ahead of the events! Let's wait for the article of the esteemed Valery. hi
  4. +14
    28 September 2021 18: 30
    Valery bravo, my applause! The article is read in one breath !!!
    Regards, Vlad!
    1. +10
      28 September 2021 19: 53
      Anton took the applause for himself, I give Valeria a standing ovation! )))
      Honestly, as if I watched a series of epic films.
      1. +5
        28 September 2021 20: 06
        "The women were shouting" hurray "
        And they threw their caps into the air "(C)
        1. +5
          28 September 2021 20: 38
          Anton, someone knocked the stool out from under you. Ok, there was no noose around the neck wassat )))
          1. +7
            28 September 2021 20: 47
            "I am François, which I am not happy about,
            Alas, the death of the villain awaits,
            And how much does this ass weigh
            The neck will soon recognize "(C)
            1. +5
              28 September 2021 21: 05
              Lines from "Walking Song" to the words of Chenier:

              Who dies for the people to survive.
              You are valiant, so are we:
              Lead us against tyrants;
              Republicans are men
              Slaves are children.
        2. +4
          28 September 2021 21: 25
          Reminds of "War and Peace", when young Pierre Bezukhov shouted hurray and asked where the emperor was. The moment of Alexander 1 meeting with Muscovites
  5. +11
    28 September 2021 18: 36
    Cambronne himself, who miraculously survived, later claimed that he had said only one indecent word - the first thing that came to his mind.
    Merde! Beautiful? No. But history does not need dullness and wretchedness. In fairness, it should be noted that back in 1835 Cambronne publicly rejected this historical phrase attributed to him. But not in court. The defender managed to obtain a complete acquittal of his client. He brazenly told the judges that they were trying the man who saved the honor of France on the battlefield. This is how the words he never spoke saved Cambronne from imprisonment, and maybe from a death sentence. Why did contemporaries attributed the authorship to Cambronne, and not to someone else? Firstly, the general was with his battalion until the very end of the battle, and secondly, since the days of soldiers, he was very popular in the army for his sharp tongue. His phrases: “Follow me, friends! I want to be killed just over there! ”,“ The uniform of the Guard is my second skin ”and many others, all the soldiers of the Great Army knew. Immediately there were many (very dubious) witnesses of Cambronne saying his beautiful phrase. One of them was Marshal Soult, the Emperor's chief of staff. After the defeat, he fled to Germany and from there gave interviews to newspapers:
    "I was next to Cambronne when he shouted out his immortal words: The Guard is dying, but not surrendering!"
    There were a lot of such testimonies later. The chief of staff of the army, Marshal Soult, was all the time with Napoleon and, therefore, could not hear anything. But the rest of the witnesses gave exactly the same testimony. (This whole story, only in a slightly different version, was repeated already in Soviet times, when a huge number of people showed up carrying a log at the subbotnik together with Lenin.) Words? ”Cuvillier Fleury, editor of the Journal des Debats, proposed to collect eyewitness testimony on this issue. The Lille newspaper L, Esprit public responded to this, in which Charles Delene reported that a soldier from the Cambronne division, Antoine Delo, was living out his days near Lille. Interrogated in the prefecture of Lille on June 30, 1862, in the presence of Marshal McMahon, he stated that the notorious phrase had been uttered twice by the general and taken up by the grenadiers who fought under his command. The protocol of the interrogation was published in the newspaper Moniteur. The final point on the controversial issue was put by the French Parliament, which, by its willful decision, officially assigned Cambronne the authorship of the famous phrase.
    1. +7
      28 September 2021 19: 53
      Why do you never link to sources, where do you get the text from? It seems to me that it would be right.
      As for the phrase, I think Cambronne did say it. It was just that later she seemed to him too pompous and banal, and he did not want to be remembered. only on it, so I cut in the back. But life has arranged everything in its own way. smile
      I had a similar story in my life. The phrase said in a conflict situation spread in certain circles and then I regretted it and for a long time and stubbornly refused it. smile
      1. +10
        28 September 2021 20: 16
        never link to sources
        I do not agree, I always try to share something interesting in my humble opinion. Rarely, but I can forget (as now), I agree here.
        I think Cambronne did say it
        Again I disagree. I am more inclined to believe Cambronne himself - he, I think, is tired of explaining to everyone that he never said anything like that. The situation reminded me of a film about Münghausen - “It's not for you, it's not for you to decide now, Baron. You are a monument. ”PS I wonder why the same English general, who offered the French to surrender, did not appear? I missed such an opportunity to remain in history ...
        1. +3
          28 September 2021 21: 18
          Thank you for your comments, of course. If I see links, then rarely. Perhaps it’s just the impression that I didn’t consider on purpose. If I'm wrong, my apologies.
          As for the phrase, there are witnesses who seem to be uninterested. And the author himself could be interested in hiding his authorship. But here, I'm afraid, I can't figure it out.
      2. +3
        28 September 2021 21: 03
        Mikhail, you repeated my assumption: Cambronne really uttered this phrase, but then he was ashamed. And out of modesty he began to deny.
        Perhaps he then swore like the last drunk.
        Psychologists say that in a difficult situation, an obscene word is appropriate, it allows you to discharge.
        I sometimes swear when it's very difficult or something doesn't work out. I readily remember: 2nd and 6th letters of the alphabet.
        But I DO NOT LOVE foul language
    2. +5
      28 September 2021 19: 58
      Perhaps this soldier. : Antoine Did you read the case in the newspapers or hear from others that there is such a dispute ?.
    3. +10
      28 September 2021 20: 01
      The final point in the controversial issue was put by the French Parliament, which, by its strong-willed decision, officially secured the authorship of the famous phrase to Cambronne.

      If this is not a joke, then the decision of the parliament is shocking. And I do not mean at all, they say, they are doing the wrong thing. On the contrary, exactly what is needed - the protection of honor.
  6. +7
    28 September 2021 19: 49
    Colleagues, Valery, good evening.
    From the very morning I was waiting for 18.00, what if Vyacheslav Olegovich or Valery will be?
    And she scolded herself "dreamy idiot: every day a cake, and not too fat"? And I missed 18 00.
    What did I do? I do not know
    1. +7
      28 September 2021 20: 37
      And she told us that she was waiting for materials from Valera and Vyachek as a first date.
      A date with a cake, then? I'll know
      1. +3
        28 September 2021 20: 46
        Taak, the pig has come.
        She was not asked how to wait
        1. +1
          28 September 2021 21: 08
          My compliments, ladies! Big request, leave your get-together at the production site. This sandbox has enough of its own "storms". Don't heed the advice ... Hmmm ... Well, I think you've both heard of me.
          1. +3
            28 September 2021 21: 50
            My poet, do not worry: we will not drag each other by the hair. We are educated girls.
            At work, do you know what will happen for such a showdown ?. And here there is no time to fight
  7. +8
    28 September 2021 20: 05
    At the time of 100 days.
    During their movement from the Bay of Juan towards Paris, and meeting with the troops of the marshal, after which they went over to the side of the emperor, in Paris, an inscription appeared on the Vendome column: Napoleon to Louis.
    My brother do not send me more troops, I already have enough of them.
    1. +3
      28 September 2021 20: 43
      Probably some of the Parisian wits were having fun
  8. +3
    28 September 2021 20: 28
    "he himself said later" Valery, I read this in another edition "here I found (another version" put on my shoes ") my own and Italian boots"
  9. +5
    28 September 2021 20: 53
    However, both the Bourbons and the aristocrats who arrived with them really did not understand anything, and did not learn anything. And very soon, Ney, who had preserved his property and titles, realized that he remained in the eyes of the arrogant emigrants a boor-man.

    Probably from A.Z. Manfred ...
    From the chapter on the flight of an eagle ..?
    The words are very similar, but there is no desire to look at the book.
    1. VLR
      28 September 2021 21: 28
      I don’t remember how Manfred’s got there, maybe it’s similar, but I invented the "boor-man" myself. Somehow it was not very elegant, in my opinion, it turned out, I didn't really like it myself, but I left it, since the essence of the attitude of the aristocratic emigrants to the "new nobility" of Bonaparte's empire quite accurately reflects.
    2. -3
      28 September 2021 22: 01
      Quote: Ahmat Khan
      Probably from A.Z. Manfred ...
      From the chapter on the flight of an eagle ..?
      The words are very similar, but there is no looking at the book

      Our author does not bother himself with books. He usually has a penchant for ready-made blogs.
      1. VLR
        29 September 2021 04: 46
        Lord, well, out of interest I followed the link - so what? Are the words written with the same letters? Are some of the paintings written on the same subject by the same artists? I understand that the life of a Moldovan labor migrant in Italy is hard: my back aches from bowing to the owners, my lips ache from forced smiles. As a psychological compensation, we have to go to other people's forums and write comments on the principle “said disgusting - joy in my heart”.
        1. -3
          29 September 2021 05: 58
          The words are written with the same letters ... the letters put together the same words ... the words make up the same phrases ... the commas are placed in the same places ... the pictures are the same. And nothing more in common )
          1. +4
            29 September 2021 08: 28
            I am also at a loss. What is the subject of criticism? I read it now on the link. What are the conclusions? The topic is general. But! On "Gossip" it is longer, expanded, with more details. Here it is more concise and, I would say, more literary (read and understood easier): in my opinion, plus - the article was written for history buffs, not professionals. The language of the two articles is completely different.
            Further: we are trying to find out the rules of publication on the "Voennoye Obozreniye" - we immediately see the strict requirement for the originality of the texts. A small number of matches are allowed, provided that they are "quoted" quotes. Which is understandable: the editors are reluctant to go to court and pay compensation. Therefore, any accusation of plagiarism by any VO author can hardly be considered justified.
            Therefore, dear Liam, if you want to criticize, then you need to look for other reasons. A mistake in the date, for example, a reason - of course. Distortion of historical fact - too, of course. Even the interpretation. Someone thinks that this event was good for the country or society, but you - not? You have every right to express your point of view.
  10. +1
    28 September 2021 21: 42
    Valery, everyone admires you, and I too, but I can get angry. You beckoned with "gingerbread": why did Napoleon refuse: Augereau and Dau? The latter was in his honor: a brave and talented campaigner
    1. VLR
      28 September 2021 21: 53
      There will be a separate article about Augereau. And Davout Bonaparte left in Paris as his "governor". He said that the capital could not trust anyone else.
      1. +2
        29 September 2021 07: 06
        How, then, did he remain intact at the return of Louis 18?
        1. +2
          29 September 2021 10: 04
          So the "white terror" of the highest dignitaries touched little. If we talk about the death penalty. Only Ney was executed, and then after the trial and then because he "threw" the king promising to seize Napoleon and instead went over to him.
  11. +8
    28 September 2021 22: 22

    I don’t remember how Manfred’s got there, maybe it’s similar, but I invented the "boor-man" myself. Somehow it was not very elegant, in my opinion, it turned out, I didn't really like it myself, but I left it, since the essence of the attitude of the aristocratic emigrants to the "new nobility" of Bonaparte's empire quite accurately reflects.

    Marshals of France, and there were 26 of them, were the honor and pride of this country, even with all their shortcomings.
    The returning old nobility instantly pushed the marshals into the backyard, and this nobility itself was worthless, did nothing for France, only boasted of the antiquity of the family. It tried to regain real estate, land and other property, old privileges. Like rats they pounced on France, in a matter of days and weeks they turned the whole country against themselves.
    And of course, they treated the new French nobility with hostility, especially if they were from commoners. Arrogance and contempt distinguished the old from the new, and the old did nothing for this country in a quarter of a century.
    Napoleon carefully watched what was happening from Elba Island, after which he decided on what later became known as the flight of an eagle or the period of 100 days.
  12. -2
    28 September 2021 22: 28
    A short retelling of the lectures of Oleg Sokolov.
    "She defeats the British and their allies at Kart-Bra on the same day." There seems to be a draw.
  13. +3
    29 September 2021 09: 17
    2 articles about Her and not a word about how military historians evaluated his commanding data - about the fact that he was an excellent corps commander and a master of rearguard battles, but a very mediocre commander at a higher level (several corps, army). The battles of Eylau and Bautzen are also mentioned in passing, where it is believed that it was Ney's actions in the first case that did not allow the French to win, in the second case - they gave the allies the opportunity to avoid a complete defeat.
    About Waterloo - it's just like the movie is written. So many inaccuracies and tales ...
  14. +2
    29 September 2021 10: 00
    Now about Waterloo (let's analyze what the author wrote):
    Quatre Bras is a draw and not a victory for Ney.
    Pears can be drawn in a straight line through the air was closer to Waterloo. In fact, the road went through Wavre, that is, there were Prussians between Grusha and Napoleon. In addition, 1 corpus still remained in Wavre in order to detain Pears. By the way, he won his battle with this corps of Pears.
    Why d'Erlon's corps went on the attack in this order is still not known. These are just guesses.
    Which squares of allies were defeated? In the English regimental histories, there is not a single mention of the fact that some kind of square was broken. This is spoken of only in a few French memoirs without specifying how many, what regiments, who broke through, and so on.
    Wellington's phrase "Night or Blucher" is most likely a story first mentioned in his memoirs 40 years after Waterloo.
    Halle also speculates a lot about the British corps. The English side usually writes that a corps was deployed there in case of defeat in battle to cover the retreat of Wellington's army to the sea.
    And about the last attack of the Guard - the regiments of the Middle Guard were not restored by Imperial decree. Only the Old Guard and the Young Guard. If the author, in the old fashioned way, calls the second / third and fourth regiments of rangers and grenadiers the Middle Guard, then it is not correct to write that the Old and Middle Guards were sent to the last attack, since 6 guard battalions moved to the attack on the plateau itself (of which they participated in the attack 5 - 2nd battalion of the 3rd ranger regiment, 1st battalion of the 4th ranger regiment, and a battalion of 3rd and 4th regiments of grenadiers - that is, only the "Middle" Guard).
    1. +2
      29 September 2021 11: 29
      The article casually and without emphasis says that the British at Quatre-Bras were not completely defeated due to Napoleon's recall of the detachment of General Drouet d'Erlon, who did not enter the rear of Wellington's army, as he was ordered? Or I misunderstood?
      Quote: "In the English regimental histories there is not a single mention of the fact that some kind of square was broken. This is said only in a few French memoirs."
      And in the article, it seems, it is written that some of the English squares were defeated, but immediately closed up due to the lack of infantry support for the cavalry. That is, as in "Beware of the car" ("he is to blame, but not to blame"): "they were broken, but were not broken"?
      In general, each army writes its own memoirs. And the winners usually impose their point of view.
      1. +2
        29 September 2021 12: 04
        From the article "Ney, on the same day, defeats the British and their allies at Kart Bra"- there was no defeat.
        The English regimental stories are pretty accurate (at least more precisely the memoirs of the participants). Even episodes of "almost" broken squares are described as at Quatre-Bras, where the French chevoliers broke through one front square, but the British managed to close the gap and the French cavalrymen who broke through were killed with bayonets. At Waterloo, there is no mention of the broken square of the British. Only in 2 or 3 memoirs of the French that the author allegedly saw "several broken squares." Exactly how many, what, where, by whom, there are no words about this.
  15. 0
    30 September 2021 20: 08
    14 October 1806.
    .. with the Yen ..
    .. when meeting with the enemy, Ney decided to immediately attack with the forces of the vanguard, which he commanded, personally leading the attack.

    Nei did not wait for the main force, did not bother with reconnaissance.
    When the morning fog cleared, the marshal and his generals saw an overwhelming enemy force, vastly outnumbered.
    The wine is already uncorked, it remains only to drink it, - with these words he turned to his discouraged generals.
    The Prussians met the attack with heavy fire, the French suffered huge losses, they were attacked from the front and flank, destruction was inevitable.
    Murat, who arrived in time with the cavalry, did not let them all be destroyed.

    Is this courage?
    Thousands of Frenchmen were killed, and the bravest of the brave earned the censure of Napoleon Karlovich.
    Only the one who was there knows the price of life in the war, but alas, there are people like this marshal.
    Was it worth it?
  16. 0
    1 October 2021 09: 47
    We broke off their backs in this war and that's all ...

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