Military Review

Russia's role in the existence of Moldova

51

Russian-Turkish War 1806-1812 Territorial changes under the Bucharest Peace Treaty on May 16, 1812 Source: Marine Atlas of the USSR Ministry of Defense


Russian land


Transnistria has been part of the sphere of influence of the Russian civilization (Hyperborea - Aria - Great Scythia - Russia) since ancient times. The immediate ancestors of the Rus-Russians lived in the local lands - the Aryans, Cimmerians and Rus-skolots (Scythians). These lands were the site of a fierce confrontation between our ancestors and the Romans. Since that time, the romanization of the local population begins.

In the course of the great migration of peoples, new Slavic-Russian tribes, in particular, the Wends and Antes, entered the region. Subsequently, the Slavic element became the main population of Transnistria. The Tale of Bygone Years says that

“... catch the Tiberians seyahu along the Dniester, squatting down to the Dunaevi. Not a multitude of them; I'm gray along the Dniester to the sea, and the essence of their gradients to this day ... ”.

In the XNUMXth century, the Slavic tribes that lived in the Dniester-Prut interfluve became part of the Kiev state. In the XI-XIII centuries. in the southern part, nomads-Polovtsy appear, in the northern forest-steppe part between the Carpathians and the Dniester lived Rusyns-Russians and the Vlachs (Volokhs) moved from Bulgaria and Serbia.

In general, the region was part of the Russian principality - Galician Rus. Also on the Dniester, in the lower reaches of the Danube, the Vygons, roaming and Berladniks settled. These were the predecessors of the Cossacks, immigrants, fugitives from various Russian lands, who fled because of feudal oppression, looking for a better life in the rich southern lands. Byrlada land, with its capital in Byrlad, was one of the political predecessors of the Moldavian principality.

The Transnistrian-Carpathian lands did not escape the pogrom during the invasion of Batu. The southern part of the region became part of the Golden Horde, the rest of the territory retained its autonomy, but was in a certain dependence. In the southern ports - Belgorod and Kiliya, Italian (Genoese) merchants appear. During the reign of the Golden Horde, the Vlachs became a significant part of the population of the Dniester-Carpathian region. It is obvious that the Russian population, pressed from the West by Catholics, Hungarians and Poles, found allies in the Orthodox Volokhs.

Moldavian Orthodox principality


The collapse of the Russian Galicia-Volyn principality in the second half of the XIV century led to the expansion of Hungary, Lithuania and Poland. Subcarpathian Rus was captured by the Hungarians, the lands of Southwestern Rus were included in the Kingdom of Poland (Galician Rus) and Lithuania (Volyn).

During the weakening of the Golden Horde, the Hungarians pushed the Horde out and founded their own brand in the 1340s. Its first ruler was the governor Dragos. Soon, the voivode in Maramures, Bogdan I, quarreled with the Hungarian king, raised a mutiny, seized the Moldovan mark, displacing the grandson of Dragos Balk. He created an independent Moldavian principality. Hungary recognized the independence of Moldova in 1365. After an unsuccessful attempt to introduce Catholicism, Orthodoxy was consolidated in the country.

The Moldavian principality was created by local Russians (Rusyns) and Volokhs. Most of the cities that became part of the Moldavian principality are named in the Novgorod and Voskresenskaya annals as Russians, since they were founded by the Russians, and the Russian population predominated in them. Among them are Belgorod, Sochava, Seret, Banya, Yassky bargaining, Romanov bargaining, Khotin and others.

In fact, Moldova was founded on the foundation created in Kievan and Galician Rus. Including more than 20 city-cities with a rich material and spiritual culture, developed craft and trade. The first rulers of Moldavia Bogdan (1359-1367) and his son Lacko-Vladislav (1367-1375) were Rusyns by origin. Lacko's premature death prevented the establishment of the Russian dynasty in Moldova.

The strengthening of the Moldavian principality was facilitated by the victory of the Grand Duke of Lithuania and Russian Olgerd (in Lithuanian Rus 90% of the lands were Russian and the majority of the population was Russian) over the Horde on the river. Blue waters in 1362. As a result, Lithuanian Rus restored its power to the Black Sea and to the right bank of the Dniester (like its predecessor Galician Rus). The Tatar presence in the region was weakened. The Moldavian principality included the area between the Prut and Dniester rivers.

At the same time, despite the large number of Russians in Moldova, they mainly settled in the north and north-east of the principality: Bukovina, Pokut'e, Khotinsky, Soroksky, Orhei and Yassky cinutes (counties, districts). In the XNUMXth century, the ethnographic situation remained generally the same. Russians (Rusyns, Ruthenians) inhabited Chernivtsi and Khotyn districts, the entire Dniester region, Soroksky and Orhei districts, along the Prut - half of the Yassky district and half of the Sucevsky district.

Moldovan statehood was formed on the basis of the Russian one. The very name "Moldova" comes from the Slavic "molid-mold" - "spruce". The rulers of Moldova were called rulers, voivods. The boyars were large landowners, the monetary system was created on the model of the Galician one. Districts were called powers, in Moldovan documents - cinutes (from the word "hold").

The associations of rural communities were called voivodates, the heads of peasant communities were called Knez, Jude or Vataman. The words kut, voivode, zhupan, referring to the social life of the Volokhs, are also of Slavic origin. State court positions of Slavic-Russian origin: bed-man, steward, chashnik, police chief, great hetman (khatman) - commander-in-chief.

The Russian beginning prevailed for a long time in many spheres of Moldavian life. The Russian language was not only ecclesiastical, but also judicial, business documentation and state acts were written in Old Russian.

The Orthodox Church played an important role in the Russian-Moldovan synthesis. The Moldovan ethnos and language itself was created under the strong (if not leading) influence of the Russian people and language. Most of the local Rusyns eventually became part of the Moldavian people. But this process was lengthy.

Only by the beginning of the XNUMXth century, the Moldovans assimilated most of the Rusyns in central and even northern Bessarabia. Well, the essence of this phenomenon is conveyed by the Moldovan proverb of that era: "Tatel Rus, Mama Ruse, Numay Ivan is Moldovan", that is, "Father is Russian, mother is Russian, and Ivan is Moldovan." As a result, Moldovans are very different from other groups of Romans, including the Vlachs. In particular, in anthropological terms, Moldovans belong to the Eastern Slavs.

Thus, the Moldavian principality was Volosh-Russian. At the same time, the Volokhs underwent Russification, received a powerful anthropological, state, cultural and linguistic impulse from the Russians. The Russian population prevailed in the north and northeast and for a long time retained its ethnocultural identity. From its inception to the beginning of the XNUMXth century, Moldova remained a bilingual country.

As part of Russia again


In the XNUMXth century, a new threat arose in the Balkans - the Turkish one. Moldovan rulers tried to resist the Ottomans.

Stephen the Great (1457–1504), the most famous Moldovan ruler, successfully resisted Turkish expansion for a long time. From the beginning of the XNUMXth century, Moldova fell into vassal dependence on the Ottoman Empire. Stephen's son, Bogdan, recognized himself as a vassal of the Port. Also, the Rzeczpospolita began to lay claim to Moldova.

Since that time, the Moldovan rulers, trying to save the country from Islamization and oturization, have repeatedly asked for Russian citizenship. The rapprochement with Russia was supported by the Orthodox clergy and a significant part of the Moldovan nobility. At the same time, a significant part of the elite of the Moldavian principality retained Ruthenian origin. In 1711, the Moldovan ruler Dmitry Cantemir in Iasi swore allegiance to Russia. After the unsuccessful Prut campaign, the gentleman had to flee to Russia with his family and families of many boyars.

Since 1711, Moldavia was ruled by the rulers from the Phanariot Greeks appointed by the sultan's government (the Phanar quarter of Constantinople, which enjoyed great privileges in the Port). Turks populate the southern part of Moldova with Tatars and Nogais (Budjak Horde). Russia's victories over Turkey led to the liberation of the principality from the Turkish yoke. In 1774, according to the Kyuchuk-Kainardzhiyskiy peace, Moldova received great freedom, the patronage of Russia. True, Austria used the victory of Russia in its own interests and occupied Bukovina (Russia returned it in 1940).

According to the Bucharest Peace of 1812, after defeating the Ottomans in the war of 1806-1812, Porta ceded to the Russian Empire the eastern part of the Moldavian principality - the Prut-Dniester interfluve (Bessarabia). The rest of the principality remained under Turkish rule. The border between Russia and Turkey was established along the Prut River. Turks, Tatars and Nogais were evicted from this area. Most of the Turkic population went beyond the Danube, the other was evicted by the Russian authorities in the Azov region. The Bessarabian province was created on these lands.

After the Russo-Turkish War of 1828-1829, the part of Moldavia and Wallachia that remained under Turkish rule received greater autonomy and fell into the sphere of influence of Russia. The Russians carried out a series of progressive reforms that contributed to the creation of a new state - Romania. After defeat in the Crimean War, Russia lost power in the Danube principalities and ceded part of Bessarabia. In 1859, the Moldovan lands united with Wallachia into one state, Romania was created in 1862. Having defeated Turkey in 1877-1878, Russia returned South Bessarabia. In Europe, Romania was recognized as an independent state.

Bessarabia, annexed to Russia, after long wars, was devastated by the Turks and Tatars. The population dropped sharply to 275-330 thousand people. Bessarabia as part of Russia has made huge strides in development. Chisinau from a handful of dugouts became one of the most beautiful cities in the empire. Security and improvement of the socio-economic situation led to a sharp increase in the population of the province.

If in 60 years of the XIX century the population of Russia increased more than 2 times, then in Bessarabia in 50 years due to immigrants and natural growth in 1812-1861 - 4 times. Khotyn district was especially populated. In 1812, 15,4 thousand people lived here, in 1827 - more than 114 thousand. From 1812 to 1858, the population of the district increased by 11,5 times. Most of the inhabitants of the district were Russian-Rusyns. Many migrated to Bessarabia from Bukovina and Galicia, which belonged to Austria.

Previously empty lands in the central and southern parts of the region are quickly being reclaimed. Cities and urban populations are growing. The population of Chisinau from 1811 to 1861 increased 16 times. Chisinau becomes one of the largest cities of the empire: in 1856, in terms of the number of inhabitants (63 thousand), it was second only to Petersburg, Moscow, Odessa and Riga.

After the Russian Revolution of 1917, Bessarabia was occupied by Romania in 1918. In the summer of 1940, the Soviet Union returned Bessarabia and created the Moldovan statehood - the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic. During the period of entry into the Russian Empire and the USSR, Bessarabia (Moldavia) reaches its peak in its stories.

Modern Moldova is an impoverished and dying country, which is considered by the West and the Romanian elite as the future province of “Greater Romania”. In general, the Moldovans outside of Russia have no historical perspectives. Only total de-Russification, Romanization and Catholicization, a poverty-stricken agrarian appendage of Romania.

Russia's role in the existence of Moldova
Women's costume of Orhei region
Author:
Photos used:
https://ru.wikipedia.org/
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  1. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 3 June 2021 05: 12
    -1
    no historical perspectives for Moldovans out of Russia no
    Will it come, will it?
    1. Civil
      Civil 3 June 2021 07: 57
      +6
      About the future answer Alas simple:
      1. Average salary in Romania is 98 tr.
      2. The average salary in Russia is 49 (officially). tr.
      1. ghby
        ghby 3 June 2021 08: 06
        +3
        you would have resulted in expenses for the sake of completeness. It doesn't matter how much you earn, what matters is how much you spend on life.
        1. Civil
          Civil 3 June 2021 08: 28
          +4
          Quote: ghby
          you would have resulted in expenses for the sake of completeness. It doesn't matter how much you earn, what matters is how much you spend on life.

          Have you been banned from Yandex? In general, this has already been discussed a thousand times on VO, you can search by tag. Plus or minus for food is the same, but less for heating, since the climate is mild.
          1. ghby
            ghby 3 June 2021 08: 42
            +2
            for food and almost in all respects more expensive, well, with an average salary, you bent their average about 60 tr.
            1. Cherry Nine
              Cherry Nine 3 June 2021 14: 01
              +4
              Quote: ghby
              in food and in almost all respects more expensive

              Have you ever been to Romania?
        2. Stas157
          Stas157 3 June 2021 09: 12
          +3
          Quote: ghby
          you would have resulted in expenses for completeness.

          Are you talking about low costs (prices) in Russia? So they are clearly higher than in Africa, especially for heating. Although the salaries are quite African.

          I'm curious, but in different Honduras, they also justify their poor incomes with low expenses, they say, you can even envy us?
          1. tihonmarine
            tihonmarine 3 June 2021 09: 41
            0
            Quote: Stas157
            I'm curious, but in Honduras, they also justify their poor incomes with low expenses, they say, can we even be envied?

            What do you all measure up, where is worse, and where is better - "better where we are not."
          2. Cherry Nine
            Cherry Nine 3 June 2021 14: 02
            +5
            Quote: Stas157
            here in different Honduras, they also justify their poor incomes with low expenses

            Another special spirituality, heterosexuality and sovereignty.
        3. Andrei Nikolaevich
          Andrei Nikolaevich 6 June 2021 19: 23
          0
          And how much can you save ..
      2. Moskovit
        Moskovit 3 June 2021 09: 32
        0
        The whole of Europe is full of Romanian prostitutes and laborers. I spoke with a Romanian in Germany. He is from a large village near Bucharest. He says that their village is like after the war - all young people and middle age are working in Europe. There were children and old people left. He sees his family two weeks a year, when it's Christmas in Germany.
        I wish the Moldovan people to value independence, not everything in this life is measured by salary.
        1. Civil
          Civil 3 June 2021 13: 41
          0
          Quote: Moskovit
          the whole of Europe is full of Romanian prostitutes and laborers. I spoke with a Romanian in Germany. He is from a large village near Bucharest. He says that their village is like after the war - all young people and middle age are working in Europe. There were children and old people left. He sees his family two weeks a year, when it's Christmas in Germany.
          I wish the Moldovan people to value independence, not everything in this life is measured by salary.

          Do you want to drive to any small town or village in the Middle Strip? Tell how bad the Romanians are?
        2. Cherry Nine
          Cherry Nine 3 June 2021 14: 04
          +6
          Quote: Moskovit
          all young people and middle age working in Europe

          Have you ever heard of such a thing about regional centers in the Tver or Vladimir regions?
      3. Ryaruav
        Ryaruav 3 June 2021 19: 26
        -1
        civilian, you don't want to live in romania
      4. Uncle lee
        Uncle lee 4 June 2021 01: 31
        +1
        Quote: Civil
        Average salary in Russia

        I don't see any queues in Russia from those wishing to leave for Romania ... wassat
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 3 June 2021 06: 01
    +7
    It's time for Russia to straighten its shoulders and finally return the ancient Slavic lands of the Etruscans, Cherusci laughing
  3. The comment was deleted.
    1. out of habit
      out of habit 3 June 2021 06: 15
      +5
      Ostap (Samsonov) was carrying.
      1. parusnik
        parusnik 3 June 2021 06: 25
        +8
        Ostap (Samsonov) was carrying.
        Apparently, as a child, my mother did not convince the author that green apricots should not be eaten.
  4. Professor
    Professor 3 June 2021 06: 46
    +6
    Modern Moldova is an impoverished and dying country, which is considered by the West and the Romanian elite as the future province of “Greater Romania”. In general, the Moldovans outside of Russia have no historical perspectives. Only total de-Russification, Romanization and Catholicization, a poverty-stricken agrarian appendage of Romania.

    None of the former European republics of the USSR can boast of their achievements in demography, and it is up to them to decide how and with whom to live.
  5. Olgovich
    Olgovich 3 June 2021 06: 49
    +2
    It only remains to add that more 40% of the territory of Bessarabia was in DIRECT subordination of the Turkish sultan and his administration, Turkish laws and rules were in force there and the Moldavian principality had nothing to do with it.
    These were Bendery, Khotinskaya, Izmailskaya and others. rai.

    The surname Railean is very common in today's Moldova, and goes back to the Arabic-Turkish word for "raya"which meant a Christian subordinate to Turkey and paying tribute to her. .

    Only the liberation of the region by Russia saved the population from the final enslavement of the Turks, which was reflected in the rapid growth of its numbers.

    Only those Christians of the Ottoman Empire, whom Russia managed to liberate, remained alive - those who remained there were cut and expelled in 1914-1922, these are the Armenians, Greeks, Assyrians.

    In the summer of 1940, the Soviet Union returns Bessarabia and creates a Moldovan statehood - Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic.

    exactly-returns Russian multinational Bessarabia, and turns it into a mono-national (practically) Moldova, cutting off southern Bessarabia from it, which sharply changed the ethnic composition towards one nationality .... Moreover, no one asked the residents themselves about their desire for the so-called. MSSR, nor about cutting off its districts ...
    gross mistake ...
    1. Liam
      Liam 3 June 2021 06: 55
      -4
      Quote: Olgovich
      It only remains to add

      Did you and Samsonov sit at the same desk at school and suffered together with the consequences of eating green apricots?
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 3 June 2021 07: 25
        +7
        Quote: Liam
        with the consequences of eating green apricots?

        And it's great that they carried you away, since it still "inserts" lol

        It can be seen that this the brightest an event in the school life of the current Moldavian washer in Italy. Already ... the choice of profession was influenced ...
      2. Cherry Nine
        Cherry Nine 3 June 2021 14: 06
        +3
        ))
        I would have thought that a native of Moldova should be offended to read Mr. Samsonov. But, on the other hand, it is a sin to be offended by God's man.
        1. Liam
          Liam 3 June 2021 20: 02
          +1
          Aquila non captat muscas)
    2. tatra
      tatra 3 June 2021 08: 55
      -3
      And you, enemies of the communists, asked the Russian people when you redistributed the captured RSFSR - how did you need it?
      1. smaug78
        smaug78 3 June 2021 09: 19
        -1
        When you write, it feels like you are delusional ...
        1. tatra
          tatra 3 June 2021 09: 30
          -6
          And besides rudeness, there is nothing else to answer my simple question? The enemies of the communists divided the RSFSR, which they had seized, territorially, as they needed, without asking the people.
          1. smaug78
            smaug78 3 June 2021 11: 13
            +1
            Slogan man, you are no longer funny, but simply dull. Reading your nonsense, I am convinced again: there are two categories of "very strange" people, they are liberals and hurray-patriots. They are "very strange" because the word "logic" is not familiar to them, they do not read documents, all this is replaced by PERSONAL POLITICAL OPINION. These categories differ from each other only in the color of political preferences.
            Moreover, the liberal is less dangerous, they can always be pressed to the nail with documents. But the cheer patriot, and even with the initiative, waving his pretty saggy patriotic chuyka - this is a problem.
    3. Ryaruav
      Ryaruav 3 June 2021 19: 41
      -1
      Olegovich is the main mistake of the Bolsheviks, all at the expense of the Russians, like this in Chisinau a vibrating device, moldavgidromash, microwire, meson, refrigerators, a chemical plant in durleshty, design institutes, concrete goods, education at the Kyiv Polytechnic Institute is not worse than the Moscow one, especially pgs (seismic), and so on, and for this in 90 suitcase the railway station russia let them devour euro shit with a big spoon gagauzians sorry they are pro-russian
  6. Daniil Konovalenko
    Daniil Konovalenko 3 June 2021 07: 53
    +2
    [b
    ] Transnistria was part of the sphere of influence of Russian civilization (Hyperborea - Aria - Great Scythia - Russia)
    [/ b] And Tartary? Not Russian civilization anymore? laughing
    1. Xnumx vis
      Xnumx vis 3 June 2021 11: 58
      -1
      Quote: Daniil Konovalenko
      [b
      ] Transnistria was part of the sphere of influence of Russian civilization (Hyperborea - Aria - Great Scythia - Russia)
      [/ b] And Tartary? Not Russian civilization anymore? laughing

      Tartarus ... Tartarus, in Greek mythology, the space located in the very depths of space, below Hades. In the Middle Ages, the most abandoned and remote corners of the earth began to be called Tartarus. In late antiquity, Tartarus was represented as a space of dense cold and darkness.
      1. Daniil Konovalenko
        Daniil Konovalenko 3 June 2021 12: 03
        +4
        Tell Samsonov and the rest of the Tartarians about this. For example, they say E. Pugachev, the last commander of Tartary. laughing
  7. smaug78
    smaug78 3 June 2021 08: 46
    +1
    I suggest that the team of authors, codenamed "Samsonov", throw themselves into a gallop front ...
    1. frog
      frog 4 June 2021 09: 06
      +2
      Will not help))) It will be weak ...
  8. Petrik66
    Petrik66 3 June 2021 09: 42
    0
    Russians should always remember: Suitcase, Station, Russia !!! Russians for the Dniester, Jews for the Dniester. The Moldavian ethnos repaid us with the blackest ingratitude. They created their own Kumnato Nanash civilization)))))) now enjoy all the fruits of their activities. We do not need these "brothers", letting them the EU contains. There is nothing left, no industry, no agriculture, and Russia needs to invest in its land, finally let the Russian people breathe, they deserve it for a long time.
    1. globe
      globe 3 June 2021 11: 11
      +2
      You probably do not know what kind of Dniester is also Moldova
    2. smaug78
      smaug78 3 June 2021 11: 21
      -2
      Another loser. How did the Moldovans and Jews ruin your life personally? laughing
  9. Undecim
    Undecim 3 June 2021 11: 17
    0
    The immediate ancestors of the Rus-Russians lived in the local lands - the Aryans, Cimmerians and Rus-skolots (Scythians).

    Why did the author exclude from the ancestors the centaurs, who in Russian-Russian mythology are called polkans and in the Apocrypha - whale race?

    Maybe a separate article will be devoted to the role of the polcan whale races in the preservation of Moldova?
    1. Xnumx vis
      Xnumx vis 3 June 2021 12: 01
      +1
      Quote: Undecim
      whale-racers-polkans

      I ask you not to touch Polkanov !!! wink No matter how the regiment commander ... fellow A very respected man in the regiment ... And the whale races, crying figs with them ... Wet !!!
      1. Undecim
        Undecim 3 June 2021 12: 14
        0
        These are not those army regiments, these are mythical regiments - a miracle - heroes.
  10. Krasnodar
    Krasnodar 3 June 2021 13: 21
    0
    Hyperborea - Aria - Great Scythia - Russia)

    Tartary - Asgard of Irian yes
    1. Daniil Konovalenko
      Daniil Konovalenko 3 June 2021 16: 01
      +2
      Tartary, this is holy. Do not encroach. laughing
      1. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 3 June 2021 16: 19
        +3
        Don't drink Heine? laughing
    2. Xnumx vis
      Xnumx vis 3 June 2021 17: 29
      +2
      Quote: Krasnodar
      Hyperborea - Aria - Great Scythia - Russia)

      Tartary - Asgard of Irian yes

      Asgard separately .... the city of the ases (there they shout АСССА !!!) of the ancestors of the present Ossetians .... Tartarus separately .... Tartarus, in Greek mythology, the space located in the very depths of space, below Hades. And it turns out some kind of jellied fish with horseradish with garlic ...
      1. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 3 June 2021 19: 40
        +4
        Is that how it is? And I thought it was modern Omsk laughing
        1. Xnumx vis
          Xnumx vis 3 June 2021 19: 44
          +2
          Quote: Krasnodar
          Is that how it is? And I thought it was modern Omsk laughing

          Why Omsk ... maybe Tashkent? It's warm there ! Dried apricots, cherries ... laughing
          1. Krasnodar
            Krasnodar 3 June 2021 19: 52
            +4
            Apples, again ..))
            You are simply unfamiliar with the Aryan-Slavic Vedas hi
            This is still reading - Zadornov is resting.
            https://ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Славяно-арийские_веды
            Pleasant rest good
            In short, to keep you intrigued, here are some spoilers:
            Pts Pts long ago, aliens from space flew to Earth
            Ross, x'Aryans and others
            At that time, the Earth had three Moons, and the central settlement of the Slavorossi aliens was on the site of the present Omsk - the city of Asgard Iriysky.
            This is not a fantasy - is passed off as a historical fact yes
            1. Xnumx vis
              Xnumx vis 3 June 2021 20: 29
              +2
              Quote: Krasnodar
              and the central settlement of the Slavorossi aliens was on the site of present-day Omsk - the city of Asgard Iriyskiy.
              This is not a fantasy - is passed off as a historical fact

              The Jews, too, were led in the desert for forty years, led, led. drove ... Who saw? Only Moses knows. Epos is generally our everything! The main thing is to treat with humor .. Let them have fun ... And then "a fairy tale is a lie, but there is a hint in it ... Good fellows a lesson ..."
              1. Krasnodar
                Krasnodar 3 June 2021 21: 30
                +3
                Well, in Egypt, no archaeological confirmation of the massive presence of Jews has been found request ))
                However, the Jews still give their children names of ancient Egyptian origin - this indicates the dominance of the Egyptian culture of that time in the region, but nevertheless laughing
                And about the d'Aries, who distinguished truth from falsehood - this is really strong drinks
  11. bandabas
    bandabas 3 June 2021 20: 01
    -2
    We are Russians. The Romanians and other Magyars are not on the way.
    1. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 3 June 2021 21: 30
      +3
      "Well, I say - Romanian" (c)