Military Review

Baron Ungern in the struggle for world monarchy

45
Baron Ungern in the struggle for world monarchy
Lieutenant General Baron Roman Fedorovich von Ungern-Sternberg in Irkutsk during interrogation at the headquarters of the 5th Soviet Army. 1-2 September 1921


General situation in Transbaikalia


From the middle of autumn 1919, the military situation in Siberia and Transbaikalia quickly changed in favor of the Reds. Omsk, the capital of the supreme ruler, Admiral Kolchak, was abandoned by the Whites. The White movement in Siberia was demoralized. Faith in victory collapsed. Bad news also came from the south of Russia - Denikin's army, which was rushing to Moscow, exhausted its strength and quickly rolled back.

As a result, the entire structure of white power in eastern Russia collapsed. Kolchak, his government and military command completely lost control of the situation. The race began farther and farther east. The "supreme ruler" was held hostage by foreigners: the French and the Czechs, who were solving exclusively their own tasks. Mostly selfish in nature: how to save their lives and take out as many treasures and goods looted in Russia as possible.

A split occurred in the military leadership of the White Army, intrigues and squabbles intensified. If earlier the fault line ran mainly between the atamanism of such white leaders as Semyonov and the liberal-republican entourage of Admiral Kolchak, now the seeming unity has been lost among the Kolchak generals.

The commander-in-chief of the Eastern Front and the chief of staff of the Supreme General Dieterichs refused to defend Omsk under the pretext of threatening the death of the entire army and was dismissed. Soon, the new commander-in-chief, General Sakharov, was arrested at the Taiga station by General Pepeliaev. Sakharov was accused of defeats at the front. There were several mutinies against Kolchak, the troops went over to the side of the Reds or the rebels. Kolchak himself was handed over to the pro-Socialist-Revolutionary Irkutsk political center, and he turned over the admiral to the Bolsheviks.

After the fall of the Kolchak regime, the remnants of the white forces were concentrated in Transbaikalia. The white Far Eastern army of General Semyonov, who headed the new Chita government, formed a "Chita plug" (Defeat of the Far Eastern Army. How the "Chita plug" was eliminated). In April-May 1920, the whites repulsed two attacks by the People's Revolutionary Army of the Far Eastern Republic.

However, the situation was critical, the NRA was constantly strengthened by regular units of the Red Army. White did not have such a strategic reserve. Under pressure from superior forces, including the Red partisans, the Whites rolled back to Chita. Desertion intensified again, someone surrendered or went to the Reds, others fled to the taiga, tired of the war, others prudently went abroad, believing that everything was over in Russia and, before it was too late, it was necessary to establish life in emigration.

Hope for the East


In the face of a complete military and political catastrophe, the white leaders were looking for salvation. It was obvious that the White Guards needed a reliable rear base in order to conduct hostilities against the Red Army. An attempt to establish such a base in Siberia failed. The bulk of the population supported either the Bolsheviks, the Red partisans, or the "green" rebels. The social base of the White movement was extremely narrow. Therefore, many whites began to look to the East, hoping to establish contacts and mutual support with the military and aristocratic elites of Mongolia and China. Even earlier, the Semyonovites began to focus on Japan.

It is interesting that many Bolsheviks adhered to similar views. After dashed hopes for a quick revolution in Poland, Hungary and Germany, the rest of Western Europe, the revolutionaries turned their attention to the East. It seemed that the peoples of the East were already ripe for a revolution against the colonialists and feudal lords. One has only to set fire to the combustible material and direct the erupted fire in the right direction. Huge India and China, and accompanying countries and regions could provide hundreds of millions of people and decide the fate of the world revolution. If in Europe the Bolsheviks preached internationalism, then in Asia they became preachers of nationalism.

Therefore, building his geopolitical plans to recreate the empire of Genghis Khan from the Pacific Ocean to Europe, Baron Roman Fedorovich von Ungern-Sternberg (Semyonov's mutiny and the "mad baron") did not come up with anything special. His thoughts on the creation of Great Mongolia, then on the formation of the Middle State led by the Qing dynasty with the inclusion of Manchuria, Xinjiang, Tibet, Turkestan, Altai and Buryatia, were in many ways a reflection of the communist plan for the "struggle for the East", transferring the center of the world revolution from Europe to East. According to Ungern, the creation of such a state headed by the "holy king" - Bogdo Khan, created conditions for the "export of counter-revolution" to Russia and the restoration of the monarchy not only on the territory of the former Russian Empire, but also in Europe.

Ungern wrote:

"One can expect light and salvation only from the East, and not from Europeans, who have been corrupted at the very root, even to the younger generation."

Note that the Asian reality turned out to be by no means the same as Ungern painted it (idealizing Asian traditions and orders) and the leaders of the Bolsheviks. However, this understanding came too late, when they already plunged headlong into Asian affairs. East is a delicate matter.


Soldiers of the Buryat-Mongolian regiment of the Asian cavalry division

The threat of a new Eastern Front


At the same time, the Bolsheviks were not inclined to consider Ungern's ideas "chimeras of the insane." They were able to assess the threat posed by the "mad baron", and it is in the practical, military-political terms.

On October 31, 1920, a special telegram was sent to the head of the Council of People's Commissars Lenin about the danger posed to Soviet Russia by the successes of General Ungern in Mongolia. A copy was sent to the People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs Chicherin.

The document noted:

"If Ungern succeeds, the highest Mongol circles, changing their orientation, will form the government of autonomous Mongolia with Ungern's help ... We will be faced with the fact of organizing a new White Guard base, opening a front from Manchuria to Turkestan, cutting us off from the whole East."

This new front could not only cut off the Bolsheviks from the East, but also threaten Soviet Russia.

Interestingly, in 1932, on the territory of northeastern China, the Japanese created the monarchical state of Manchukuo (Great Manchu Empire) headed by Pu Yi, the last emperor of China from the Manchu Qing dynasty, whose power was dreamed of by Baron Ungern. Manchukuo was a springboard and base for Japan to fight China and Russia. Therefore, the geopolitical plans of Roman Ungern in the face of large-scale upheavals of that period stories were not fiction. Fortune favors the brave.

In the winter of 1919, Roman Fedorovich went on a business trip to Manchuria and China. He returned only in September. There he established contacts with local monarchists and married the Chinese princess Ji from the Dzhankui clan (baptized Elena Pavlovna). Her relative, a general, commanded Chinese troops on the western section of the CER from Transbaikalia to Khingan. In the summer of 1920, before going to Mongolia, the baron sent his wife to Beijing "to his father's house." This marriage was formal, political in nature with the aim of rapprochement with the Chinese nobility.

In August 1920, Ungern's Asian division left Dauria. The division consisted of about 1 sabers, 6 guns and 20 machine guns. Before the start of the campaign, the general gave release to everyone who, for health reasons or marital status, was not ready for a long raid.

Formally, it was believed that Ungern's division was to make a deep raid in the rear of the Reds in the Chita direction. In this case, the baron had to act according to the situation. In October 1920, Semyonov's army in Transbaikalia was defeated by the Reds, its remnants fled to Manchuria. Ungern decided to go to Mongolia.

By this time, the Chinese had abolished the autonomy of Mongolia, the Mongolian ministers were arrested, and Bogdo Khan (1869–1924) was placed under house arrest in his "Green" palace. The old order that existed before the establishment of autonomy in 1911 is being restored in the country. The Mongols were particularly hit by the recovery of debts to Chinese firms canceled in 1911. Accrued interest was charged on these debts. As a result, the Mongols fell into severe financial bondage to the Chinese. This caused a strong protest from the population.

Mongolian campaign


At first, Ungern did not plan to stay in Mongolia and fight the Chinese. The superiority of the Chinese was too great: the Urga garrison alone consisted of at least 10 thousand soldiers, 18 cannons and more than 70 machine guns. Through Mongolian territory, he wanted to go to Russia, to move to Troitskosavsk (now Kyakhta). However, intelligence reported that artillery and carts would not pass through the mountains. The only way, bypassing the Khentei mountains, passed through Urga. On October 20, 1920, Ungern's troops reached the Mongol capital. The white general invited the Chinese to let his detachment pass through the city.

Ungern's division set up camp about 30 km from the city. A week passed in anticipation of a response from the Chinese commander. But instead of passing through the city, news came that the Chinese were preparing for defense and began repressions against the "white Russians" who were suspected of aiding the baron. In addition, it was necessary to go to Troitskosavsk before the onset of cold weather. This was the reason for the outbreak of hostilities.

On October 26-27, the White Guards went on the offensive. It was extremely poorly organized and ended in complete failure. Two guns were lost. Ungern himself went on reconnaissance, and alone and got lost. The Chinese could leave the city and finish the job, disperse the enemy. But they did not even dare to conduct reconnaissance.

The second attack, launched on November 2, ended in another failure. The Chinese took over in numbers and technical advantage. White did not have any reserves to develop the first success in the main directions. Ammunition quickly ran out, machine guns refused in the cold. The Chinese threw reserves into the counterattack and the Ungernovites withdrew.

The losses for the small "division" were terrible: more than 100 killed, about 200 wounded and even more frostbite. Up to 40% of the officers were killed. In fact, the Asian Division (its personnel) ceased to exist. At the same time, news came that Chita had fallen, the way to Russia was closed, and there would be no help. The onset of cold weather further complicated the situation.

A threatening situation developed in the white camp: the stocks taken with them ran out. I had to switch to the local system of rationing: no bread, only meat. The horses had to be replaced by locals who did not have oats and ate pasture. White retreated to the river. Tereldzhiin-Gol in the upper reaches of the river. Tuul, and then to Kerulen. There was pasture for horses of the Mongolian breed, for Russian horses there was hay, prepared by the Mongols for the Chinese cavalry.

The general sent two outposts - to the Kalgan and Manchurian highways. Sometimes they intercepted Chinese caravans with provisions and clothing, the captured camels entered the train. It was hard in winter, they lived in shawls and light yurts bought from the Mongols. Winter clothes were made by themselves from bovine skins. Frost, lack of food, lack of any prospects led to a feeling of complete hopelessness, demoralized the soldiers. Desertion began, with which the baron fought by strengthening "stick discipline" using the most draconian methods.

So, on the night of November 28, 1920, 15 officers and 22 horsemen from the officer's hundred of the 2nd Annenkovsky regiment, led by a polesaul Tsaregorodtsev, deserted at once. The baron threw two hundred men in pursuit, they returned with three bags of heads and three surrendered officers. In this episode of the Civil War, Ungern's "bestial cruelty" can be seen. In fact, he simply dealt with the deserters in accordance with the laws of wartime.

Alliance with the Mongols


At this critical moment, friendly relations with the Mongols begin to take shape. They sensed in the Russians possible liberators from the Chinese colonialists. First, merchants arrived in the white camp, Ungern ordered to pay them in gold. Then the local feudal lords of northeastern Mongolia recognized Roman Fedorovich as the leader who would restore the country's independence. The baron began a secret correspondence with Bogdo Khan. He begins to send letters to the provinces of the country to provide assistance to the White Guards. Soon the ranks of the Asian division were joined by the Mongols, who rose to fight the Chinese. True, the fighting qualities of the new fighters were extremely low.

N.N.Knyazev recalled:

“It was not an easy task - putting together military units from such material. The Mongols harassed the teachers with their inactivity on foot and, in general, their organic inability (!) To the agility that was extremely necessary in war, as well as their slavish, senseless admiration for the Russian noyns (princes). "

This is to the myth of the "Mongols" who allegedly conquered most of Eurasia (The myth of the "Mongols from Mongolia in Russia). The "Mongols and Mongolia", being at a very low level of civilizational, state development, could not create a world empire in any way.

Ungern finally won the sympathy of the Mongols with his religious policy. She was extremely tolerant. Being himself a deeply religious person, the baron was extremely attentive to the religious life of his soldiers. This sharply distinguished the division of the "god of war" not only from the red units, but also from the "secular" whites.

All the shows ended with a common prayer, which each nationality sang in its own language and in its own ritual. The choir turned out to be very wonderful: Russians, various Mongols, Buryats, Tatars, Tibetans, etc.

Roman Fedorovich quickly found a common language with local lamas (Lamaism is a local variety of Buddhism). The way to the hearts of the steppe people went through the wallets of the lamas, who had indisputable authority in the eyes of the natives. The general made generous donations to Buddhist monasteries (datsans), paid for the services of numerous fortune-tellers and predictors of the future.

To be continued ...
Author:
Photos used:
https://ru.wikipedia.org/
45 comments
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  1. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 2 June 2021 04: 58
    +8
    Therefore, many whites began to look to the East, hoping to establish contacts and mutual support with the military and aristocratic elites of Mongolia and China. Even earlier, the Semyonovites began to focus on Japan.
    It is interesting that many Bolsheviks adhered to similar views.
    Those. The Bolsheviks have always been portrayed as instigators of the "world revolution", but what should we call the attempts of the "whites" and others to take away the decayed order in Asia? It is absolutely incomprehensible.

    Note that the Asian reality turned out to be by no means the same as Ungern painted it (idealizing Asian traditions and orders) and the leaders of the Bolsheviks. However, this understanding came too late, when they already plunged headlong into Asian affairs.
    But the creation of a communist, albeit not quite, China, about the same North Korea and Vietnam, takes place, in contrast to the monarchies, so the Bolsheviks turned out to be much more realists.
  2. Far B
    Far B 2 June 2021 05: 20
    +4
    Damn, Ungern again. Is he chivo - uncle Samsonov?
    1. Sentinel-vs
      Sentinel-vs 2 June 2021 05: 59
      +6
      It's not funny anymore. 5th article for six months about the same thing.
      ... and to be continued. I understand that the reward for articles does not smell, but: ASTANAVITES!
      1. Vladimir_2U
        Vladimir_2U 2 June 2021 06: 26
        0
        Quote: Sentinel-vs
        It's not funny anymore. 5th article for six months about the same thing.

        This is different, here about world domination and tentacles!
      2. 210ox
        210ox 2 June 2021 14: 05
        +3
        I read the repetition of the article again. I will not read any more. This Ungern is not at all interesting.
  3. ee2100
    ee2100 2 June 2021 05: 59
    +9
    Once again at VO:
    "quite sensibly, albeit monotonously, told the content of the mass brochure" Mutiny on Ochakovo "" (c)
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 2 June 2021 06: 50
      +4
      Good morning, Sasha. hi
      I remember there was a film "Exodus" about our scout at Ungern's headquarters. I remember the scene when the baron, accepting the Buddhist faith, according to the rite, had to drink from the same cup with a leper. He drank it, kissed it, and as soon as we drove away from the monastery, stopped the horse and demanded from the adjutant: "Give a flask!" He blew pure alcohol straight from his throat, wiped himself with the sleeve of his uniform, spat and growled: "Well, now hold on, brothers in faith!"
      Baron

      Leper
      1. ee2100
        ee2100 2 June 2021 07: 35
        -7
        Hi Kostya!
        Ungern personality!
        1. Phil77
          Phil77 2 June 2021 13: 28
          0
          * Ungern personality! * - said Alexander and .... received from those who disagree * - *. According to the * good * old tradition, without intelligible explanations. bully
          Is it a fact, is it a legend, but to drink after the leper, kiss him?! Yes, at least you need to have an iron rod inside, you know, or not be afraid of God, or the devil, or the Cheka. wink
          I agree. Personality. With the sign * plus *? * Minus *? This is the choice of all those gathered here. hi
          1. Phil77
            Phil77 2 June 2021 16: 10
            0
            Citizen * minus *. Please note that I appreciate the specific act of Baron Ungern. I do not touch his participation in the civil war. Would you have the courage to do that? I think no, judging by your anonymity. And yes! Such an act requires courage , or a certain * recklessness *.
          2. ee2100
            ee2100 2 June 2021 22: 26
            +1
            Hello, Sergey!
            People will minus, and let it be! This is at least some kind of reaction (I wanted to write an erection, but it didn’t work).
            Let them read something about the baron. And there are enough books, and the character is SUPER bright.
            I will say one thing. What a time - such are the heroes!
            And to divide into red, white, green, blue, etc. is the lot of the poor.
            He is a hero and a hero in Africa! (F. Tikka)
      2. Korsar4
        Korsar4 2 June 2021 07: 43
        +3
        When I was a kid, I watched it at the Letniy cinema. It was this scene that I remember.
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 2 June 2021 08: 10
          +7
          Yes, the scene is strong, I also remember it.
          How would Madame Tatra say - what the vicious enemies of the communists do not go to, so that the communists somehow shit! They even kiss lepers and then drink alcohol. laughing
          1. Korsar4
            Korsar4 2 June 2021 08: 28
            0
            “Yes, people rarely need anything other than the words:
            That they have thoughts, they believe indiscriminately! " (from).
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 2 June 2021 08: 47
              -1
              I believe !!! - and bit his finger. laughing
          2. Phil77
            Phil77 2 June 2021 17: 59
            0
            * In impotent rage, the red commissars send their hirelings to stir up the people ... * laughing

            Tatra? wink
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 2 June 2021 18: 43
              -3
              She, beloved. smile I am delighted with this aunt! fellow
            2. Phil77
              Phil77 2 June 2021 19: 07
              -1
              One trouble. belay The repertoire is poor, she would have to hire an intelligent literary worker. And into battle! Together with commissars in dusty helmets. And then how will she drag on the same thing, they say, the enemies of the Communists with the enemies of the Communists. How did she not get confused in them? She deigned to serve in such a Moscow theater? bully
      3. Phil77
        Phil77 2 June 2021 08: 24
        +6
        Hello friends!
        And the old, old film * His name is Sukhe-Bator * ?! Nikolay Cherkasov as Ungern.


        1. Catfish
          Catfish 2 June 2021 08: 43
          +1
          And the old, old film * His name is Sukhe-Bator *


          Monument to Sukhe Bator in Ulan Bator.

          Sound familiar?
        2. Korsar4
          Korsar4 2 June 2021 09: 18
          0
          Hello Seryozha!

          The film did not come across. But what a strong staff.
          1. Phil77
            Phil77 2 June 2021 09: 58
            +3
            Well, what do you friends want? Old movies, strong actors, strong direction. And the best special effect was Actors' EYES. And here is an example for a smile. The 65-year movie * Emergency Order *, one of the trilogy about Kamo.
            1. Korsar4
              Korsar4 2 June 2021 12: 06
              +2
              You can simply compose a collection of facial expressions.
    2. Korsar4
      Korsar4 2 June 2021 06: 51
      +2
      Oddly enough, I admit that there is a sense in a mass, public library.
      For example, I could use a scattered memo on various events in history.
      Another thing is that Sytin, for example, meticulously watched what he was publishing.
      1. Richard
        Richard 2 June 2021 07: 09
        +1
        Good morning. hi
        Sytin also has mistakes and rather ridiculous ones -
        for example, in an article about Evgraf VLADIMIROVICH Davydov, Sytin stubbornly calls him Evgraf VASILIEVICH.
        Link to free reading online: https://ru.wikisource.org/wiki/Voennaya_encyclopedia_(Sytin,_1911-1915)/ВТ/Slovnik
        It is very convenient - in volumes. Choose volume 8 and further "D"

        1. Korsar4
          Korsar4 2 June 2021 07: 14
          +4
          Good morning!

          Everyone can have mistakes.
          It's just that if you are dealing with some topic, you begin to feel the nuances.
          And now the world is becoming more transparent. And faster.
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 2 June 2021 05: 59
    +4
    Ungern is a new feature of the Samsonov clan. smile
    1. Richard
      Richard 2 June 2021 08: 07
      +4
      Then he needs to go to Minusinsk yes ... There, in the local history museum, there are many interesting things - and photocopies of the interrogation of Ungern, and photographs of his Mongolian wife, a princess of the Qing dynasty named Ji, who became Elena Pavlovna, and even a robe presented to him by the head of Mongolian Buddhists Bogdo Gegen VIII, in which Ungern was shot. In order not to spoil such a valuable robe, the Latvians who carried out the sentence carefully laid Ungern on a bench, carefully wrapped oilcloth around his neck and shot him in the head.
      a photo Ungern before execution

      a photo Ungern's robe with general's shoulder straps "AS" (ataman Semyonov), is now in the local history museum of Minusinsk.
  5. vladcub
    vladcub 2 June 2021 07: 52
    +8
    Today's Samsonov is shedding tears for Ungern, and tomorrow's, what will he do?
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 2 June 2021 14: 25
      +1
      Quote: vladcub
      Today's Samsonov is shedding tears for Ungern, and tomorrow's, what will he do?

      Today he plays jazz, and tomorrow he will sell his Motherland! © smile
  6. smaug78
    smaug78 2 June 2021 08: 14
    +1
    Baron Ungern in the struggle for world monarchy
    Samsonov noted the article, Ivanov. We are waiting for Frolova with a new portion of nonsense and lies laughing
    1. Daniil Konovalenko
      Daniil Konovalenko 2 June 2021 08: 48
      +3
      Samsonov noted the article, Ivanov. We are waiting for Frolova with a new portion of nonsense and lies
      ..Yes, exactly a sabbath.
  7. bober1982
    bober1982 2 June 2021 08: 37
    +5
    --- October 26-27 whiteguards went on the offensive ...
    ---IN white a threatening situation has developed ...
    The author of the article, of course, exaggerates, to call all that rabble that was assembled in the Asian division - White Guards, it will not turn out to be so.
    By the way, in creating the image of the bloody baron, representatives of the liberal-republican White Guard circles made a great contribution, which later became, in many respects, a source for Soviet historical literature.
  8. Daniil Konovalenko
    Daniil Konovalenko 2 June 2021 08: 45
    +8
    Yesterday, at the Sabbath, Samsonov enthusiastically wrote about the "Russian Soviet" civilization, today he writes with the same enthusiasm about Baron Ungern, the Sabbath continues. The author, do not try to combine monarchy and socialism, these are not compatible concepts. In your articles you are pushing the ideology of "monarchical communism or socialism", and in any one.
    1. Obliterator
      Obliterator 2 June 2021 10: 06
      +2
      Quote: Daniil Konovalenko
      Author, do not try to combine monarchy and socialism, these are not compatible concepts.

      The DPRK somehow contrived.
    2. Stirbjorn
      Stirbjorn 2 June 2021 10: 14
      +7
      Quote: Daniil Konovalenko
      Yesterday, at the Sabbath, Samsonov enthusiastically wrote about the "Russian Soviet" civilization, today he writes with the same enthusiasm about Baron Ungern, the Sabbath continues. The author, do not try to combine monarchy and socialism, these are not compatible concepts.

      There is an opinion on VO that several different people write under the nickname "Samsonov", and with opposite views, reaching the point of absurdity.
      Although it is possible these "Billy Milligan" syndrome lol
  9. Eldorado
    Eldorado 2 June 2021 12: 17
    -4
    Eternal memory to Roman Fedorovich!
  10. iskanderzp
    iskanderzp 2 June 2021 12: 21
    +5
    Mr. Samsonov! Waking up ... Everyone has already understood and felt that Baron Ungern is spiritually close to you. And five materials in a short period of time is an overkill.
  11. Moskovit
    Moskovit 2 June 2021 13: 52
    +6
    Soon a new heading will have to be entered on VO - Baron Ungern.
    How can you admire this sadist? All decisions he made as the devil put on his soul. As a result, his beloved Mongols, tired of extravagances, surrendered their "god" to red.
    An inglorious end awaited another sadist and criminal - Ataman Semyonov. True, I had to wait until the age of 45 ...
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 2 June 2021 15: 01
      -1
      Quote: Moskovit
      How can you admire this sadist?

      What are the times, such are the heroes, on both sides, by the way.
      It was not the Mongols who surrendered him, but his comrades-in-arms in the "White Guard" division, from among the former Russian officers.
      The author, in my opinion, does not admire the baron, just a brief neutral account of events.
      Quote: Moskovit
      Soon a new heading will have to be entered on VO - Baron Ungern

      What is there to be surprised at?
      Remember - Belochekhov, the famous memorial plaque to Mannerheim, Tsar Nicholas II, how they methodically "hollowed out" articles about them.
      1. Moskovit
        Moskovit 2 June 2021 18: 42
        +3
        He simply calls him by his first name and patronymic, talks about his caring attitude towards the Mongols ...
        They drove him out, and the Mongols caught them, who were intercepted by the Reds. But not the point. He's tired of everyone ..
        1. bober1982
          bober1982 2 June 2021 19: 56
          -1
          Quote: Moskovit
          They drove him out, and caught the Mongols, who were intercepted by the Reds

          The author will tell in the sequel ...
          Quote: Moskovit
          He's tired of everyone ..

          Not quite so, the fact of the matter is that not everyone.
          Our Russian society, as you know, is divided into two camps, conventionally speaking, of course - into whites, and into reds, who fiercely hate each other.
          But, there is a third force, again relatively speaking, which is interested in keeping citizens from these groups, let's say, in good shape.
  12. place
    place 2 June 2021 18: 54
    +1
    "Huge India and China, and accompanying countries and regions could give hundreds of millions of people and decide the fate of the world revolution. If in Europe the Bolsheviks preached internationalism, then in Asia they became preachers of nationalism."

    The Bolsheviks, as it were, did not care about Russia. And they created the Russian Federation and the USSR and fought against the invaders - "just in case, to support the world revolution."
  13. nemoXX
    nemoXX 6 June 2021 15: 49
    -2
    There were decent people, Patriots of their country, who honestly tried to stop the red infection! Their loyalty to duty and courage are simply amazing. And the fact that the wild country did not support them, preferring to bend over before the Red Terror and believe the false tales about the "bright future" is not surprising. Note that the "dearly beloved" USSR, too, did not rush to defend ... the rotten genes of the people-NOT-citizen worked once again. It is also worth noting: "This is the myth of the" Mongols "who allegedly conquered most of Eurasia (The myth of the" Mongols from Mongolia in Russia). "Mongols and Mongolia", which are at a very low level of civilizational, state development, could not create world empire "! Bravo! And that is, there are still millions of narrow-minded, piously believers in the nonsense of the "Mongol yoke", the result of the mythical "overthrow" of which was the adoption of the Horde form of government by Muscovy and USSR Russia and the war with the "geyrope" for centuries to come for planting the Horde tyranny to all neighbors who will not be able to fight back ...
  14. Lew
    Lew 15 June 2021 10: 26
    0
    what disgusting, this white movement of unfinished officers!