Military Review

Qatar - Russia: From Competitors to Allies?

27

Welcome to St. Petersburg



The delegation of Qatar at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF-2021) on June 2-5, 2021 will become for this country one of the largest stories her participation in such forums. Just a few days ago, the Ambassador of Qatar to Russia, Ahmed bin Nasser Al Thani, told the media that the country's delegation at SPIEF 2021 will be headed by the Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani.

The delegation will also include Deputy Prime Minister, Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdel Rahman Al Thani, Minister of Trade and Industry Ali bin Ahmed al-Kuwari, representatives of the leadership of Qatar Petroleum and over 30 other large national companies.

“Such a large-scale representation of Qatar at SPIEF-2021 is the best proof of the vast prospects for cooperation between Qatar and Russia, and the desire of the parties to deepen and expand relations. We are confident that our joint work at this important forum will be fruitful. We look forward to establishing new partnerships and expanding trade and economic ties. The status of a guest country contributes to this in the best possible way, ”

- the Ambassador of Qatar in Moscow Ahmed bin Nasser Al Thani told the media the other day.

The ambassador also noted that within the framework of the business program of the forum, discussions will be organized on the industrial, investment, technological, educational, cultural, sports potential of Qatar and its cooperation with the Russian Federation in these sectors.

In addition, the largest Qatari companies will be represented in the national pavilion, which will host bilateral meetings, debates and round tables on Qatar's interaction with Russia. Last year, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak told TASS that

“The trade turnover between Russia and Qatar may increase rapidly. If we take simple arithmetic, we had a doubling in 2018. If we go at the same pace, then we will reach $ 500 million in about three years. "

According to A. Novak, both countries are considering joint projects worth $ 12 billion. First of all, they relate to the creation of joint ventures for the production of equipment for the oil and gas industry and petrochemicals. In addition, in 2018–2019. Qatar signed seven certificates for the import of livestock (including poultry) products from Russia, including canned meat. These supplies are growing steadily.

Gas balance


Due to the geographical factor, according to the estimates of the bilateral Business Council, Qatar is also interested in the growth of imports from the Russian Federation. Thus, in transit through Iran, large-scale deliveries of grain and products of their processing, industrial wood, many types of raw materials for the rapidly developing chemical industry of Qatar are possible.

The priority of Russian goods is quite justified, since the import of these goods from Australia, Africa, East / Southeast Asia to Qatar is much farther in distance, which leads to significant transport costs and longer delivery times.

Recall that Qatar has been among the largest producers and exporters of liquefied natural gas (LNG) for many years. The country is also a major exporter of oil and petroleum products - an OPEC member. The US was seriously trying to impose gas supplies from Qatar on Europe as an alternative to Nord Stream 2.

At the same time, the leadership of Qatar, which plans to further increase LNG exports to Europe, China and Japan (see. Qatar is not a goddamn snuffbox), by all indications, is unlikely to be interested in intensifying competition with pipeline exports of Russian natural gas.

Apparently, both sides will discuss certain proportions of their presence in foreign gas markets in order to avoid price losses in the markets and, accordingly, reasons for a mutual conflict in this area. Some semblance of a bilateral gas OPEC is a very real thing.

In addition, it is known that Qatar is the only "oil and gas" monarchy in Arabia, which has friendly, or rather almost allied, relations with Iran. Thus, since the early 2000s, Qatar and Iran have been jointly developing one of the world's largest gas fields, South Pars, on the Qatar-Iranian maritime border.

Qatar - Russia: From Competitors to Allies?

A de facto free trade regime has been operating between Doha and Tehran since the early 2010s. The increasingly active rapprochement of Iran with the Russian Federation is attractive for Qatar from the point of view of a more energetic entry, including re-export, to the Russian market.

The re-export option of such an exit is all the more possible, since Iran and the Russian Federation - the EAEU in the near future, within the framework of the mutual free trade zone operating since 2020, will clarify the conditions for mutual re-export of goods and expand the range of goods within this zone.

As for the joint production of oil and gas equipment being developed by the Russian Federation and Qatar, Russian interest in Qatar in this area is becoming more and more obvious. For to date, the actual share of "western" equipment (including its servicing) in this industry of the Russian Federation, according to available estimates, exceeds 65%.

Remember the sanctions


But this equipment is already aging, because the economic sanctions of the West, which have been in effect since 2014 against the Russian Federation, actually exclude the growth of supplies to the Russian side of industrial equipment and, above all, modern types of equipment (not only oil and gas).

Qatar is not involved in those sanctions. And it has capacities for the production of equipment for the deep development of oil and gas fields, for the deepest possible processing of oil and gas (allowing to produce a wider range of finished oil and gas products of high quality from a unit of raw materials).

Note in this regard that, according to the available information (2020–2021), the depth of processing of oil and gas raw materials in Qatar is over 90%, and in the Russian Federation - no more than 75%. The level of actual recoverability of oil and gas raw materials, based on the "conditionally averaged" field, in Qatar - more than 80%, and in the Russian Federation - a maximum of 65%.

At the same time, the cost of producing one barrel of conventional oil is significantly more expensive in Russia - $ 32 versus $ 7-10 in Qatar or Kuwait, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain.

The RF and Qatar have similar proportions in terms of the cost of gas production.


* Minimum figures for Russia - the main traditional regions of production: Western Siberia and Volga-Ural; the maximum figures for Russia are Eastern Siberia, the Arctic region (IEA data).

** Ukrainian minimum prime cost - $ 25 (as of February 2013) - Ukrgasvydobuvannya cited as estimated.

The more active interaction of the Russian Federation with Qatar, at least the economic one, is predetermined by many factors closely interrelated with each other.

Therefore, the composition of the Qatari delegation at the upcoming SPIEF-2021 is so representative and planned.
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 28 May 2021 11: 10
    +3
    The West, which have been operating with respect to the Russian Federation since 2014, virtually exclude the growth of supplies to the Russian side of industrial equipment and, above all, modern types of equipment (not only oil and gas).
    But what about import substitution, about which so much has been said? And that almost everything was replaced?
    1. aleksejkabanets
      aleksejkabanets 28 May 2021 11: 14
      +4
      Quote: parusnik
      But what about import substitution, about which so much has been said? And that almost everything was replaced?

      Is this a rhetorical question? laughing laughing laughing I like our "new friends" less and less.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 28 May 2021 11: 44
        +3
        Ha, ha, "new friends" .... here is an old, insidious, vile enemy, so it will be more accurate.
        The fact that they are spinning here, it is hot for them, here there, they are looking for options ... just.
        1. cniza
          cniza 28 May 2021 18: 14
          +2
          At any second they wag their tails and substitute in full ...
        2. the most important
          the most important 30 May 2021 21: 50
          +1
          Quote: rocket757
          Ha, ha, "new friends" .... here is an old, insidious, vile enemy, so it will be more accurate.

          And that the respected author, in the heat of drooling enthusiastic saliva from future projects, did not remember about our plane blown up over Sinai? Was it not his tame barmaley who did it ??? So many years have passed, and the perpetrators have not been punished. But Satanovsky long ago pointed his finger at the culprit and even named his position and name. Why is his head still not in a can of alcohol in one of the basements in the capital?
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 30 May 2021 22: 37
            0
            Politics is a muddy and dirty business .... politicians are easily ready to sacrifice a lot for the sake of .... but for what? For whose interests?
      2. lis-ik
        lis-ik 28 May 2021 12: 15
        0
        Quote: aleksejkabanets
        Quote: parusnik
        But what about import substitution, about which so much has been said? And that almost everything was replaced?

        Is this a rhetorical question? laughing laughing laughing I like our "new friends" less and less.

        So others do not want to be friends, "friendship" probably costs dearly, and friends of the GDP do not care if only the profit goes.
        1. aleksejkabanets
          aleksejkabanets 28 May 2021 12: 44
          +4
          Quote: lis-ik
          So others do not want to be friends, "friendship" probably costs dearly, and friends of the GDP do not care if only the profit goes.

          Not so long ago, listening to Potapenko, he expressed such an interesting thought: "Isn't this superstructure, in the form of a state, a little expensive for us (the people)?" And yet, yes, I come to the conclusion that it is very expensive, and the effectiveness (for the people) of this superstructure is very doubtful. In no case do I call anyone for any anti-state action! I just express the hope that this superstructure, on the body of the people, in the manner of labor discipline, so to speak, will increase its efficiency and lower its value, and the sooner the better.)))) "it's not going well." I am categorically against the "Ukrainian scenario".
    2. Vladimir_2U
      Vladimir_2U 28 May 2021 11: 21
      +5
      Quote: parusnik
      But what about import substitution, about which so much has been said? And that almost everything was replaced?

      Even the Soviet Union did not produce everything, let alone the Russian Federation.
      1. aleksejkabanets
        aleksejkabanets 28 May 2021 11: 33
        +3
        Quote: Vladimir_2U
        Even the Soviet Union did not produce everything, let alone the Russian Federation.

        CMEA produced everything except coffee and bananas, while the USSR produced everything in critical industries. The USSR and CMEA strove to produce everything and strove to develop and expand together with the developing countries. And in the Russian Federation, even such attempts are not observed, one blah-blah-blah on TV.
        1. KCA
          KCA 28 May 2021 12: 38
          +1
          Did you also produce large-diameter pipes for gas and oil pipelines of the USSR and CMEA? There has never been a gas-for-pipes agreement?
          1. aleksejkabanets
            aleksejkabanets 28 May 2021 12: 55
            +3
            Quote: KCA
            Did you also produce large-diameter pipes for gas and oil pipelines of the USSR and CMEA?

            As far as I remember, the USSR has mastered the production of large-diameter pipes. Is not it so? Too lazy to just poke around now.
            1. KCA
              KCA 28 May 2021 14: 05
              +2
              No, 70% of pipes were imported, full import substitution for pipes was achieved only by 2012
      2. parusnik
        parusnik 28 May 2021 12: 48
        +3
        Or it could have, but already under Khrushchev, they thought that we'd better buy Baibakov, offered to open research institutes, factories for the production of oil and gas equipment, they refused. And now many research centers have been created or has Rusnano eclipsed everything?
      3. TerraSandera
        TerraSandera 28 May 2021 22: 59
        +2
        According to VVP produced only galoshes for African countries. Now we look forward to supplying "many types of raw materials for Qatar's booming chemical industry" in the future. Will ride, then we will live! Well, yes, oil and gas equipment needs to be updated. Well, maybe in exchange for grain, they will sell a thread, from under the floor.
        But seriously, it would be time to somehow get away from the raw materials economy, not in words, but in deeds. Yes, the country is very rich in resources and you can easily drink them ... give them for a long time, but ... they will not go far in the 21st century. In the military commissar, we can still do something, the Soviet backlog is great, in space there are already gaps, otherwise I am silent. It is necessary to invest "above" income not in new pipes, with streams and cutting projects, but in new technologies, human resources.
  2. Charlie
    Charlie 28 May 2021 11: 34
    -1
    Quote: parusnik
    The West, which have been operating with respect to the Russian Federation since 2014, virtually exclude the growth of supplies to the Russian side of industrial equipment and, above all, modern types of equipment (not only oil and gas).
    But what about import substitution, about which so much has been said? And that almost everything was replaced?

    This is only spoken about
  3. rocket757
    rocket757 28 May 2021 11: 39
    +3
    “Such a large-scale representation of Qatar at SPIEF-2021 is the best proof of the vast prospects for cooperation between Qatar and Russia.
    ... I understand that politics is a complicated matter and there is no need to talk about the purity of thoughts, decisions ... BUT, Cataracts, this is ... a substance, poison, poison, contact with which must be very careful, if it cannot be avoided altogether.
    1. cniza
      cniza 28 May 2021 18: 13
      +2
      Not just carefully, but overly careful, these guys are not very simple ...
  4. lis-ik
    lis-ik 28 May 2021 12: 16
    +2
    Quote: Vladimir_2U
    Quote: parusnik
    But what about import substitution, about which so much has been said? And that almost everything was replaced?

    Even the Soviet Union did not produce everything, let alone the Russian Federation.

    But not by that much. We don't even have our own machines, but this is, as it were, the main thing.
  5. Butchcassidy
    Butchcassidy 28 May 2021 12: 24
    +2
    Qatar has not yet answered us for the beaten ambassador.
  6. cniza
    cniza 28 May 2021 18: 12
    +1
    Qatar - Russia: From Competitors to Allies?


    I would pose three questions, you need to be very careful with them ...
  7. ximkim
    ximkim 28 May 2021 18: 24
    0
    Even talk early ..
  8. Retvizan 8
    Retvizan 8 28 May 2021 19: 17
    -1
    "Birds" (TU-22m) flew to Syria, as they say to good news! laughing
  9. dgonni
    dgonni 29 May 2021 11: 45
    -1
    (At the same time, the leadership of Qatar, which plans a further increase in LNG exports to Europe, China and Japan, by all indications is hardly interested in intensifying competition with pipeline exports of Russian natural gas. )
    This message is not correct!
    Qatar ordered the construction of 2019 new tankers in 100 I
    LNG and began developing the largest gas field in the North. Start of deliveries in 2023!
    So the competitor is still the same, and the war for the European gas market will be more abrupt than for the oil market.
    1. Egor53
      Egor53 30 May 2021 09: 53
      0
      There is no competition for the gas market for the EU with Russia, and there cannot be.
      Pipeline gas supplies to the EU can only come from Russia. All other supplies are SPN. And LNG is more expensive than pipe gas by about $ 150/1000 cubic meters.
      There can only be political bans for Russia. And this is not competition, but ...
      1. dgonni
        dgonni 30 May 2021 10: 46
        -1
        It is necessary to listen less to nightingales and jelly.
        At a delivery distance of 3000 km, the cost of LNG and pipe gas delivery is compared. At a distance of 3000+ LNG wins in the cost of delivery.
        What is the distance from Yamal to the Russian border with the EU? That's it, that's it.
        With regards to the cost of liquefaction, the story is the same. To understand this, just look at the cost of oxygen to industry.
  10. Egor53
    Egor53 30 May 2021 09: 48
    +1
    Qatar cannot compete with Russia on LNG. The cost of LNG production in Qatar is $ 100/1000 cubic meters, while in Yamal it is only 50. This is determined by the fact that the average annual temperature in Qatar is +30 ° C, and in Yamal it is -19 ° C. And before it can be condensed, natural gas must also be cooled down to -146oC. Also, the delivery of LNG from Qatar to the EU or China is much more expensive than from Yamal.
    Yamal LNG will always be 2 times cheaper than Qatari LNG.