Military Review

"So that everyone understands their maneuver" - tips for the summer

71

"Prepare for launching an ancient Slavic paper boat!" 1984 ponds in the area of ​​the park. Belinsky in Penza. Very old photo by the author


“There are many things to do around
Skillful hands
You just need not to be lazy
There are paints and crayons
Glue and ember
You just need to learn. "
(Song of the hare Stepashka
from the screensaver of the Soviet television program
50-60s of the twentieth century
"Skillful hands")

Creativity is around us. What was good about the 60s of the last century was its TV and radio programs for children. "Skillful hands", "One hundred ventures of two friends", "Operation Sirius-2", "Club of famous captains", "In the land of literary heroes", "KOAPP", "Postal stagecoach" - they gave me a lot and even partially determined my destiny.

So, after the program “One Hundred Ventures of Two Friends” I made a camera out of a matchbox and even took pictures of it, and then ... he also appeared in my novel “The Season of Love”. After this cycle, it was already easy enough for me to lead a technical circle in a rural school, and then for ten whole years my television programs on TV in Penza and Kuibyshev. According to which I then wrote three books for the publishing houses "Polymya" (Belarus - at that time it was she) and "Education" in Moscow. They also helped me in raising my own child, which, of course, is especially important.

So this article is just about the fact that we all have summer on our nose. Our children (and grandchildren!) Will go on vacation. And here is just the time with them to do various creative and handicrafts.

"So that everyone understands their maneuver" - tips for the summer
The first hosts of the Skillful Hands project were Valentina Leontyeva and Tatyana Grushina, who at that time worked as announcers of the Central Television. To begin with, they had to learn to work with papier-mâché and paper ...

And then I once read a comment of one VO reader:

"Now my child will be five years old - I will deal with him!"

So at five years old it will be too late. Before it is necessary! Give the child pieces of wood, stones, so that his fingertips touch not only fur and plastic, because at the same time signals from the receptors that are located on them go directly to the brain and develop it.

Already at 2-3 years old with a child, you need to sculpt, cut out funny figures with scissors, and glue applications. Five years is already a time for quite serious homemade products. The child should use scissors, a knife (model!), Draw with a ruler, work with glue.


If you do not work on the child from the cradle, then it will be like on the cover of this magazine. The problem, as you can see, is very old!

But the most important thing is to show the child how to work with this or that instrument, that is, to work in front of him. The son will not respect his father, no matter how much money he brings to the family and tells how he works in his production, because he simply cannot imagine this. But he will respect both his father and grandfather, who made him a flying airplane, a cardboard car or a tank, which none of the neighboring boys has, or launched a boat with him on the stream.

So remember again that it's time to do all this ahead!

It is also important that by developing a child's hands, it is possible and necessary to develop his intellect at the same time. Well, as for how to combine both, you will just read now ... So ...

Floating homemade products


In summer, reeds grow on lakes and swamps. And many, including the guys, love to collect it and put it in vases. Then, however, its inflorescences turn into fluff, and they have to be thrown away. But you can benefit from them even before that. So, on the VO website there was an article about the "Nonparelle" (Incomparable) raft, on which three Americans crossed the Atlantic back in the XNUMXth century. You can tell your son about this. And the girl can also be interested in it. And, being on vacation where the reeds grow, offer them to make a model of such a raft. By the way, if they are schoolchildren, then in the fall at school they will definitely require homemade products "from natural materials." And here she is - already ready!

Look at the diagram of making a model of the raft "Nonparelle". Everything is so simple there that there is nothing special to describe. Materials: stirring sticks for coffee (this is generally a unique model material!), Sticks-spatulas for ice cream and bamboo skewers for barbecue. Well, there is also thick paper and harsh threads.

We will make "cigars" for the raft out of reeds! You just need to paint them, and take care of the paint in advance. It should be gray nitro enamel mixed with chalk or cement, and thick enough. It is ideal to paint like this: a pin is stuck into the "reed", after which it is lowered into a paper tube with a carefully sealed bottom and on a solid stand, half filled with paint. Excess paint will have to drain, and the "cigar" itself can be hung to dry in the sun. Three cigars can be made this way in just a few minutes. Moreover, a child can do such painting!


The scheme of manufacturing the model of the raft "Nonparelle"

While they are drying, you need to make masts with sails, a tent, deck flooring. All this should be glued either with PVA glue, or (with your help and with gloves) "Superglue". As soon as the cigars are dry, the flooring is fixed on them, the masts, the bowsprit are installed (you can simply stick them in, smearing the tips with glue). And your raft is ready. Believe that such "fuss" will bring you closer to your child, like nothing else. And he will remember this all his life.

It's even easier to make a Polynesian pie, you don't need to paint anything there. The frame is tied up from barbecue sticks and spacers are made from them. The sequence is as follows: first the mast with struts, then the longitudinal frame of the pies. Glue with "Superglue" and tie with threads for strength.


Polynesian Pie Catamaran

When the skeleton of the heads, it must be pasted over with strips of brown sticky film, bending its ends into the body. It is clear that there should not be any gaps in it. How to make a balancer is clear from the picture. But the paper sail does not need to be painted, but decorated with an applique. It turns out very nicely. And usually these sails are very popular with elementary school teachers! A bunch of colored thread at the top of the mast will complete the picture!


Models of old ships from ... paper tube

For preschoolers and first graders, there is a development from 1900 from the magazine "Niva". It turns out that the easiest way to make a model of an old ship with a deck loss is from an ordinary sheet of A4 thick paper.

We roll up the tube, glue the ends into two parallel planes. Then, on one side, we mince the tube and pinch the edges in the same way as it is done for pies. The ends are trimmed and reinforced with cardboard overlays. In the center, a mast is installed with a sail impaled on it. And… that's it!

True, there is a trick. Ballast must be put inside the case. For example, lead shot. And pour molten paraffin. Before that, the body must be painted with nitro paint or nitro varnish. But in the deck, a hatch should be cut for this, and then it should be glued. You can simply put plasticine on the bottom and press a couple of fishing weights into it.

It has been checked: children of 1–2 grades can use this technology to make a model of a Slavic boat, an Indian canoe or a Viking ship in one lesson, after which you can go with them to launch these boats on a stream. The hatch with a model knife, however, will have to be cut through by an adult. Also, it will be necessary to paint the case with nitro enamel from a spray can on the street. But on the other hand, the sail, and the shields, and the yellow deck lined for the boards - all this is done by the children themselves.


Shebeki model from paper scan

But this model of a shebeki is not my development. But I did this model in much the same way. And she looked very beautiful on the water.

By the way, you can create in the classroom a whole museum of ships of all countries and continents, and instruct the children to tell about the model they made! Very informative and interesting!


Pine bark pie with ficus leaf sail

Again, you went with your son or grandson to the forest. And there last year's bark falls off from the pines. Children have always carved boats from the bark. But making a cake like this is much more interesting.

Outside, the body is cut out with a knife and sanded with sandpaper. But inside the bark is selected with an electric burner and a chisel from a sharpened student's pen for an insert pen. Naturally, it is necessary to burn out on the street in windy weather. And if, say, you do it at the dacha, then ... be sure to use a fan, so as not to breathe fetid smoke.


By the way, this is how ancient and backward peoples hammered their pies. Pies from the collection of the Prague Zoo. Photo by the author

A very beautiful sail for this pie can be made like this: bend its shape out of a soft wire (copper) and glue it with superglue on ... a leaf of ficus dried between several newspapers. You can start drying the sheet now. How will it dry out so as not to become brittle? We need to coat it with PVA glue!

Does your child love travel and travel stories? Tell him about Thor Heyerdahl and offer to make a tabletop model of his papyrus ship Ra. Material - "plastic" curable during cooking or in the oven. All wooden structures - barbecue sticks, matches, stirring sticks. Here, however, it all depends on the scale. But you can create a whole collection this way. historical ships, and the collection is completely unique! And instill in your child this hobby for life!


Bench model of the vessel "Ra" made of plastic

True, not all children like bench models. Many demand from the Pope that the boat floated. Well, you can also make it swim.

For example, this catamaran-airship. The whole model is made of thick paper and cardboard. Therefore, it is record-breaking lightweight. Painted with nitro enamel and therefore gets wet. The propeller is two water wheels, which are driven by the wind. Therefore, this model should be launched in strong wind and downwind, then it develops a very decent speed. The pond is not very large - an ideal place to test these "Windwalkers".


Aircraft paper catamaran

Even more interesting, albeit more complicated, is the model of aero-rover with a microelectric engine. Here you cannot do without polystyrene 3 mm thick, but you can buy it now. The dimensions of the model are determined by the dimensions of 17 parts (caissons) - from plastic packaging for sour cream and other food products. The bottom of the case 1, the pillars of the case 3 and 7, the rear wall of the case 4, the sockets of the batteries 6, the rudder 14 and the supports 16–18 are all made of sheet polystyrene. And these parts are glued together with "model glue". The propeller fairing 15 is a sour cream jar with a cut off bottom.

But case 2 can be made of cardboard. Its function is purely decorative. The propeller is a wooden boss with cuts at 45 degrees, into which blades made of sheet polystyrene 0,5–1 mm thick are glued. Unfortunately, earlier it was possible to write: “Glue the DP-10 micromotor to the bottom of the case”. And everyone understood everything. Now such engines are no longer to be found. But you can certainly order some others and assemble the motor part for them yourself.


Fantastic aerial vehicle on caisson banks

For a child, the most interesting thing in this homemade product is the caissons 17. You can put on lids on them. But you can also remove it. Nevertheless, the aero-vehicle will not sink, and this will not affect its driving performance. But it must be balanced very precisely, for which plasticine with pieces of lead is added to the caissons. On the water, this boat looks like something completely fantastic, especially when painted in the color of brushed aluminum.

If you wish, you can come up with many more such floating homemade products. And make them together with your children. And the benefit from this will be mutual for everyone. The main thing is not to be lazy!

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  1. paco.soto
    paco.soto 8 May 2021 15: 27
    +15
    I read it with interest, I liked it incredibly with its nostalgic content! Thanks to the author!
    For a long time I wanted to comment)).
    1. Blacksmith 55
      Blacksmith 55 8 May 2021 15: 45
      +13
      I remembered my childhood and youth, thank you.
      They built not only ships, trucks, tractors, tanks, machine guns and much more.
      After watching the movie The Three Musketeers, everyone started making swords.
      It is a pity that at that time there was no opportunity to photograph as it is now, and not everyone had a camera.
      1. paco.soto
        paco.soto 8 May 2021 15: 50
        +13
        I remembered my childhood and youth, thank you.
        Thank you for the dialogue?
        Wiping an old tear with his beard: Yes, each line of your comment should be calmly discussed in person.))) It is a pity that we are not neighbors.
        Thank you for the dialogue.
        Regards to you!
      2. dauria
        dauria 8 May 2021 16: 00
        +12
        and much more

        But what about ... laughing Slingshot with rubber from a bicycle tube and leather plus "shells" to it from a split cast iron pipe. Hazel bow and hemp arrow with roofing iron tips. "Set fire" and bombs from potassium permanganate with magnesium sawdust. And the top of technology is a newspaper in a solution of "fertilizer" - sodium nitrate. In a tube made of aluminum foil from milk bottles, which the grandmothers used to wrap icons.
        I almost forgot "tomahawks" (tomahawks) after the movie "Adventures on the Shores of Ontario"
        1. SERGE ANT
          SERGE ANT 8 May 2021 16: 29
          +11
          We are not Indians, we played Spartacus and the Romans. Wooden shields, swords from rebar at a neighboring construction site "chemists" made for tomatoes-cucumbers, such battles were between "factory" and "Zarechenskie", horror ... But in ours and the Germans I couldn’t do without different self-propelled guns and bombs, as soon as they didn’t cripple each other in these battles, I am still amazed.
  2. rocket757
    rocket757 8 May 2021 15: 38
    +11
    You need to learn, the sooner the better.
    At the exit from childhood / adolescence and at the entrance to adulthood, we get what we brought up by ourselves!
    Parents, do not miss this moment / period !!!
    About the Soviet system of upbringing, training, they have spoken more than once ... but now, there is only what we will do ourselves!
    It's just a MUST! Then it will be fixed ... it is rarely possible to fix it, alas.
    1. SERGE ANT
      SERGE ANT 8 May 2021 15: 42
      +11
      Here, yes, it is necessary to educate the child while he lies across the bench, and when he lies down along the bench, it is too late to educate - it is necessary to re-educate.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 8 May 2021 15: 45
        +8
        He didn’t bring him up, he’ll bring up for you ... Tik-Tok, for example, or even worse.
        By the way, reeducation may happen, there will be other and not the most pleasant re-educators!
        1. kalibr
          8 May 2021 18: 11
          +5
          Dear Victor! Believe it or not, my granddaughter is 18 years old. And she doesn't know the taste of Coca-Cola. True, he knows the taste of Czech beer. But it all depended on us ...
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 8 May 2021 18: 36
            +5
            I believe that a lot can be achieved with the right perseverance.
            Coca-Cola, all sorts of magic biki and other rubbish, for my own I can say NO, strict restrictions, for the rest of the children ... there parents are responsible, BUT, experiments on cleaning pollution, oxides, rust using imported soda, I show the children !!! I explain, about harm to health ... all the same, I passed special training and was certified as an inspector for industrial. security.
            You can't convince everyone, but I don't need to chase the indicators ...
            By the way, in the classroom we have no gadgets !!! Only with your own hands and your mind ... notes, drawings and everything else.
            Only for older children, I give the basics of computer science, they will also need it.
            So, I'm soldering a puddle, I'm fixing the boots of the rocket!
            Why are they so, they want to know a lot at once! So I give them everything that I know myself ...
            1. kalibr
              8 May 2021 19: 19
              +4
              Quote: rocket757
              experiments on cleaning dirt, oxides, rust using imported soda

              I didn’t show it, but my granddaughter took my word for it ...
              1. rocket757
                rocket757 8 May 2021 21: 29
                +3
                Boys, especially not mine, they have an example of their parents before their eyes, and there anything can happen.
                I have to explain harshly, so that at least somehow overcome the bad habits that they already have ...
              2. t-12
                t-12 8 May 2021 21: 38
                +4
                Coca-Cola (originally made from coca leaves, not chemistry) is not a bad drink.

                Another thing is that in Russia they have long been drinking Russian drinks: Ivan tea, kvass, herbal teas, honey ... But the British flooded the planet (including Russia) with their Indian tea.
          2. Aag
            Aag 8 May 2021 20: 30
            +3
            THANKS for the article!
            BUT! For the sake of justice, if we are for correct training, it is worth figuring out what reeds, reeds, cattails are! Often these aquatic plants are confused))). hi
          3. Korsar4
            Korsar4 8 May 2021 21: 30
            +4
            So beer is still better than cola?
            And why isn't there a banner ad next to it?
            1. kalibr
              9 May 2021 06: 42
              +3
              Because it is rare and only when traveling abroad.
        2. paco.soto
          paco.soto 8 May 2021 20: 34
          +2
          rocket757
          Today, 15: 45

          +5
          He didn’t bring him up, he’ll bring up for you ... Tik-Tok, for example, or even worse.
          By the way, reeducation may happen, there will be other and not the most pleasant re-educators!
          Reply ©
          I beg your pardon comrade: from which planet did you leave this tik-tok room?
          Today weah rules in Russia.
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 8 May 2021 21: 41
            +2
            Russia is a big country, different ... all sorts yeah, Tik-Tok and so on will disappear, like all previous ephemeral idei, bangs of fashion.
            I've seen all sorts of different things, nothing fundamentally new, haven't met for a long time ... methods, tinsel, external attributes change, but you dig deeper, all this has already happened !!!
    2. paco.soto
      paco.soto 8 May 2021 15: 58
      +5
      At the exit from childhood / adolescence and at the entrance to adulthood, we get what we brought up by OURSELVES!
      Neutral opinion: I do not want to argue with you, but your statement about Children is absolutely utopian.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 8 May 2021 16: 12
        +6
        You know, I don’t give advice ... I teach my own people and everyone who comes to our club, "crazy hands", comes.
        Let not so much as there is ... I watch, help, teach and .... I hope that this will help them find their right path in life.
        1. paco.soto
          paco.soto 8 May 2021 16: 16
          +3
          the club, "crazy hands", is coming.
          You +! I respect your position!
      2. kalibr
        8 May 2021 19: 29
        +3
        Quote: paco.soto
        and at the entrance to adulthood we get what we brought up by OURSELVES!

        I talk about it all the time!
    3. gsev
      gsev 10 May 2021 04: 34
      0
      Quote: rocket757
      You need to learn, the sooner the better.

      In Germany, for example, there is a whole civilization for teaching construction. There are practically full-fledged emulators of design programs for children, using a computer to work on design editors such as Solidwork. There are also simplified compass-LT systems in Russia (since 1998, some have already considered it a Russian Solidwork.). Learning from them is much more productive than playing with paper and glue. In addition, there are many programming tutorials on the Internet with which you can master programming techniques better than studying at a secondary institute.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 10 May 2021 17: 30
        0
        Emulators, shimulators ... and you have not come across such that those "old men" who have gone through the Soviet school of education, in droves go to all those guys who have a couple of modern formations, because they NIFIGA CANNOT REPAIR ANYTHING, WITH OWN HANDS ...
  3. Snail N9
    Snail N9 8 May 2021 15: 49
    +4
    Alas, it is no longer relevant. Young people in general have ceased to be interested in homemade products from the word "in general". My brother-in-law was a labor teacher, so in many schools labor lessons were canceled - the students are not interested. Now homemade products have been replaced by computer games ... This is, now, the time ...
    1. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 8 May 2021 16: 12
      +6
      I agree with you. I have two children. And I myself am an old "do-it-yourselfer". I went to air and bench modeling. Hands grow from where you need it.
      So here's what I'll tell you:
      For a certain period of time, both the son and the daughter "molded" something, glued it. It worked - it didn't work ... But as soon as modern mobile phones fell into their hands - that's it! Crafts were abandoned.
      Whoever will say that it was not necessary to give them "mobile phones". But these gadgets are a necessity these days. Remote training, shopping and so on. They delayed as much as they could.
      Well, thank you for a minute of nostalgia, Vyacheslav Olegovich! Have a good weekend!
      1. igor67
        igor67 8 May 2021 17: 00
        +4
        Quote: Leader of the Redskins
        I agree with you. I have two children. And I myself am an old "do-it-yourselfer". I went to air and bench modeling. Hands grow from where you need it.
        So here's what I'll tell you:
        For a certain period of time, both the son and the daughter "molded" something, glued it. It worked - it didn't work ... But as soon as modern mobile phones fell into their hands - that's it! Crafts were abandoned.
        Whoever will say that it was not necessary to give them "mobile phones". But these gadgets are a necessity these days. Remote training, shopping and so on. They delayed as much as they could.
        Well, thank you for a minute of nostalgia, Vyacheslav Olegovich! Have a good weekend!

        Like my children, before the advent of the computer, everything with its appearance no longer existed with tears. True, now the son, having read about our childhood on the internet, sometimes became interested in explosives and slingshots, bows and arrows, by the way, arrows were made from dry weeds, the tip was sharpened nails
      2. Alexey MC
        Alexey MC 8 May 2021 17: 35
        +10
        as soon as modern mobile phones fell into their hands - that's it! Crafts were abandoned.

        Let me disagree with you.
        My brother and I are still schoolchildren ourselves. But we are familiar with computers and gadgets since childhood. And believe me, the abundance of these same gadgets does not take away the desire to do it yourself. Or to help the father - he himself constantly makes something for the household. The monitor was repaired last week. Earlier I soldered an electronic watch. Brother and father are drilling something.
        So, it's not about smartphones.
        1. kalibr
          8 May 2021 19: 23
          +4
          Quote: Alexey MC
          So, it's not about smartphones.

          It's about the parents!
          1. t-12
            t-12 8 May 2021 21: 53
            +1
            Parents are at work all day long and not all of them have the talent of a teacher. They will not replace specialized organizations (schools, circles, summer camps) that systematically educate (well, that is, should educate) the younger generation.
            1. kalibr
              9 May 2021 06: 38
              +1
              Quote: t-12
              Parents are at work all day long and not all of them have the talent of a teacher

              There is no teacher's talent, but is there a talent for lying on top of each other ?: School teaches from 5-6 years old, but the child must be LEARNED everything before that! There are books, there is the Internet. So don't talk about work. Most men and women simply do not consider it necessary to do something.
              1. t-12
                t-12 9 May 2021 11: 13
                -1
                Not "they do not consider it necessary", but "they cannot and cannot."

                Parents need to be transferred to part-time work so that they have at least half a day left for classes with their children. And courses for parents are needed (a school teacher and a kindergarten teacher have been taught at a university for 5 years, and why are parents worse?).

                But in general, all this handicraft ended in the 19th century. Now the function of education / training (including preschool) is given to special, professional organizations (kindergartens, schools, circles). The task of parents is to raise their children safe and sound. The task of children's organizations is to teach children knowledge, skills and high moral qualities.

                Those. in some cases, parents (who have time and teaching talent) will be able to take on the functions of a collapsed education system. But on the scale of society, there is only one solution - to restore this very collapsed system.
                1. kalibr
                  9 May 2021 15: 43
                  +1
                  Quote: t-12
                  But on the scale of society, there is only one solution - to restore this very collapsed system.

                  How many years have you worked in this system?
      3. Catfish
        Catfish 8 May 2021 19: 13
        +3
        Hi Igor. hi I and my children were lucky, during their childhood, gadgets were not transportable and all communication with them was limited to watching video cartoons.
      4. kalibr
        8 May 2021 19: 22
        +2
        Quote: Leader of the Redskins
        Well, thank you for a minute of nostalgia, Vyacheslav Olegovich! Have a good weekend!

        I'm glad you liked it. But ... my granddaughter is a typical gadget girl. But ... he sculpts from plastic and weaves bracelets from beads. So ... then what is laid down will return. Hands remember for a long time what the head has forgotten!
      5. t-12
        t-12 8 May 2021 21: 45
        0
        A desktop computer is enough for learning and buying goods. What kind of training with a mobile? On a small screen, you can't read a serious text, you can't make a summary. And for communication, the cheapest push-button "dialer" is enough.
    2. rocket757
      rocket757 8 May 2021 16: 17
      +2
      It is quite actual for itself.
      It is useless to chase the mass character, they have more temptations than before, but those who want to study must be taught. This will be the basis ... and there has been a mindless herd at all times.
    3. lucul
      lucul 8 May 2021 16: 34
      -1
      Now homemade products have been replaced by computer games ... This is, now, the time ...

      Do not worry - now in Europe there is a new trend - how I deleted 10 (20) years from my life playing games.)))
      And the computer games industry has declined sharply.
    4. kalibr
      8 May 2021 18: 13
      +3
      Quote: Snail N9
      Now homemade products have been replaced by computer games ..

      Not everywhere. It all depends on the right motivation and methodology. To make stools - yes, now no one is interested.
    5. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 May 2021 19: 25
      +5
      Quote: Snail N9
      Alas, it is no longer relevant. Young people in general have ceased to be interested in homemade products from the word "in general". My brother-in-law was a labor teacher, so in many schools labor lessons were canceled - the students are not interested. Now homemade products have been replaced by computer games ... This is, now, the time ...

      Yesterday, in order to get information, you had to strain your legs to go to the library or or come up with your own head.
      The Internet, even in my understanding, is a curve, but an assistant.
      For example, six months ago I was looking for how to make a thorn-groove cut. I reviewed a bunch of sites, but I did not find anything efficient except for hand-sawing. Although with my mind I always understood that such cuts are made by a milling cutter and no one in the factory does it by hand. I found the solution by chance and was right in my speculations.
      Now about the children. Last spring, my daughter wanted to help her mother clean the windows. From a lazy woman, slats and an old janitor I made "adapt". We have been using it for two years. So I think it's too early to drive the children of the Internet into a corner.
      However, if you want to do, be able to twirl. Already shared with comrades about my assault on the fence. If anyone has such "happiness" to come - contact in a personal. I use three to five adaptations and tools. One in a lightweight box with a profile iron. At 40 meters I was mistaken by 4 mm, and 2 holes, and then because of my slovenliness.
      And I sincerely believe that nature rested on me.
      Good evening everyone, and thanks to Vyacheslav!
  4. d1975
    d1975 8 May 2021 15: 53
    +8
    I read the article, just great! Only now the state does not need such children, because it determines the policy and direction of the country's development, it was good in my childhood, and now even the ax is prohibited in the class of labor, oh technology. There is no ideology, there is no desire for what to go. There are entire territories in the country. leading a parasitic lifestyle when others simply survive. Many managers do not know and have not seen anything of this. But they are like leaders. Well, as from examples, a journalist managing space, a sociologist ... And so on, here are the answers.
    1. rocket757
      rocket757 8 May 2021 16: 19
      +3
      A normally developing, well-bred young generation is necessary for us, parents, first of all!
      1. kalibr
        8 May 2021 18: 14
        +3
        Quote: rocket757
        A normally developing, well-bred young generation is necessary for us, parents, first of all!

        Greatly said !!!!! On ... us on the state!
        1. rocket757
          rocket757 8 May 2021 18: 52
          +3
          The state, parents, the public MUST have common goals, but ... alas, alas, this state, this ruling class, is engaged in something completely different, in general.
          Our goals coincide on a very narrow range of issues and problems.
          How to do it differently ... no need to guess, everything is written in the textbooks, in the old textbooks, and not the current ones, of course.
      2. Aag
        Aag 8 May 2021 20: 51
        +2
        Quote: rocket757
        A normally developing, well-bred young generation is necessary for us, parents, first of all!

        It is said correctly. Only if you with words, deeds will inspire children that "this is white", and from all the "irons", and the pictures of the surrounding life will follow that "this is green" ... Either psychological trauma, or loss of parental authority for the child ...
        However, below you also write about this ... ((
        (It turned out - above.))
        1. rocket757
          rocket757 8 May 2021 21: 59
          +1
          Teaching does not mean thinking / doing for someone ... you give information, different skills and teach you how to use them. The most persistent knowledge, skills are those that I myself have reached.
          If the child himself understands what color it is, it will no longer be possible to convince him back.
          1. Aag
            Aag 8 May 2021 22: 20
            +1
            Quote: rocket757
            Teaching does not mean thinking / doing for someone ... you give information, different skills and teach you how to use them. The most persistent knowledge, skills are those that I myself have reached.
            If the child himself understands what color it is, it will no longer be possible to convince him back.

            I won't argue, please read my comment below ... It happens too. hi
        2. Aag
          Aag 8 May 2021 22: 18
          +2
          Quote: AAG
          Quote: rocket757
          A normally developing, well-bred young generation is necessary for us, parents, first of all!

          It is said correctly. Only if you with words, deeds will inspire children that "this is white", and from all the "irons", and the pictures of the surrounding life will follow that "this is green" ... Either psychological trauma, or loss of parental authority for the child ...
          However, below you also write about this ... ((
          (It turned out - above.))

          Unfortunately, the thesis I have outlined above is bitter confirmation ...
          There was, I have a colleague ... A good comrade. But it seems that he has no friends ... "Not convenient" ... "Very principled" ... "Pathologically honest" ... (How can all of the above to be in excess?!) So, - I raised my son in the same way, and even taught that goodness should be with fists, - I studied at boxing school ...
          At 17, the guy stepped out of the window of his fatherly house ... (((
          ... I mean, you need to be careful ...
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 8 May 2021 22: 36
            +1
            In life, anything can happen.
            Any extremes are not helpful.
            1. Sergej1972
              Sergej1972 11 May 2021 08: 51
              +1
              I agree with you. Frankly speaking, it is not very pleasant to communicate with "pathologically" correct, principled people. The bulk of people want order, but relative, without extremes.)
  5. Knell wardenheart
    Knell wardenheart 8 May 2021 16: 45
    +3
    Good, good article! The development of a Personality who knows how to value himself and be flexible in solving problems is worth a lot.
  6. Owl
    Owl 8 May 2021 16: 58
    +5
    And I made "smoke gases", soaked newspapers in a concentrated solution of ammonium nitrate, rolling them up and drying them ...
    1. dauria
      dauria 8 May 2021 17: 13
      +5
      soaked newspapers in a concentrated solution of ammonium nitrate

      Sodium is better. 60 kopecks for 3 kg in "Gardener". Oxygen is more "by weight" than even potash. Rockets flew better. And the smoke is "blacker". Ammonia is when there is absolutely nothing at all. wink
      1. kalibr
        8 May 2021 18: 15
        +5
        The next article is about rockets ... but no smoke!
    2. Avior
      Avior 8 May 2021 19: 28
      +3
      the smoke duct was made from pieces of celluloid - a ruler or soap dish.
      and tube rockets made of it
      1. Snail N9
        Snail N9 9 May 2021 08: 38
        +2
        Kindergarten. Having potassium nitrate, you can get nitric acid. A mixture of nitric and sulfuric acids is the base of nitration. And nitration gives a much wider scope for "imagination" ... wink In general, for lovers of such "chemistry" there is a wonderful hohlyatsky magazine "Chemistry and Chemists" (available in the internet).
        1. Avior
          Avior 9 May 2021 16: 36
          -1
          The acid was then on sale
          And elluloid is the easiest option
  7. From Tomsk
    From Tomsk 8 May 2021 17: 39
    +3
    You can take something from this. I disagree that young people are not interested. The boys are very interested. My son has already confused everything. Apparently the engineer is growing)
  8. l.jensen
    l.jensen 8 May 2021 17: 58
    +4
    No matter how much you educate, it is still genes and the surrounding society is of decisive importance. He persuaded his daughter to go in for swimming, gymnastics, and what? Mountaineering, Mau Thai and shooting. He always brought gifts, only designer expensive, beautiful clothes. AND? A child is always with a broken face, simple cheap things, lugging around with rifles, of which there are a lot of machine guns in the house. Because the country is police, militaristic, thugs are doormen, because mother is frostbitten with her: Oath-country-duty. Because they are already born that way, and it is impossible to teach them a noble English upbringing, Swiss country bumpkin, with their stupid laws, and eternal referendums. She and her mother do not take root in England, they burst from here like bats from hell. And what kind of upbringing do you write about? ... I'm upset.
    1. kalibr
      8 May 2021 18: 17
      +4
      Quote: l.Jensen
      Persuaded his daughter to go swimming

      I have a pool next to me. I swim there for 60 minutes. During this time, THREE groups of children have time to change! THREE! And there are a lot of children. Both small and large ...
      1. Korsar4
        Korsar4 8 May 2021 21: 33
        +2
        Three relatively small ones swam systematically.
        The son stopped.
        And the little daughters continue.

        In general, there are not so many serious alternatives to sports in the city.
        1. kalibr
          9 May 2021 06: 39
          +2
          Swimming is always good. And then it's health!
      2. Aag
        Aag 8 May 2021 21: 47
        +1
        Quote: kalibr
        Quote: l.Jensen
        Persuaded his daughter to go swimming

        I have a pool next to me. I swim there for 60 minutes. During this time, THREE groups of children have time to change! THREE! And there are a lot of children. Both small and large ...

        Soviet Latvia, Riga, 1973, ALL first-graders (except for obvious honey contraindications) took swimming courses! Promising, in agreement with their parents, were recruited for further education. Naturally free. And summer fees, camps were, with trips to others regions. True, all Latvians (Latvians) were coaches ... It did not affect relations in any way. In any case, I did not notice. Among the trainees, yes, there were frictions on ethnic grounds ...
        It never met the hopes of the coaches ... Two trainings a day, from a distant area ... The girls began to be interested in mopeds, shooting at school (I'm talking about NVP, - the TOZ-8,12 bullet team, Margolin ...) ... Discussed homemade products of all kinds (snow-scooters, sailboats, based on my father's boat, speedboats, under my father's "Moscow-10m" ... not everything was done. But how interesting it was! And how much it gave!). Yes, my coaches will forgive me ...
        By the way, guys, but in the realities of the present time, when the whole account is on the grandmother, the question is quite pertinent: "what's wrong, the State has invested money in you (and this is so! In hundreds of thousands of people like me!), Where is the return?"
        It becomes quite sad ... recourse
        1. kalibr
          9 May 2021 06: 41
          +2
          By the way, physical education lessons are also held there. The guys are swimming. And it's free. Forgot to add.
          1. d1975
            d1975 11 May 2021 00: 21
            0
            These FC lessons are no longer there, they give commands from above, my house is larger than the area of ​​my gym in a rural school, the volleyball court did not fit, but how I taught the basketball and manual it in general ... They push wrestling, although many have not heard of it conduct courses for teachers! Yes ... So sometimes I think maybe I'm wrong that Shribikus is running space? wassat
  9. Van 16
    Van 16 8 May 2021 18: 13
    +6
    The boys also built a raft from reeds in the village, and it turned out very well. And they swam on it, sunbathed, and caught fish.
    Yes, in general, we did a lot of things with our own hands, you can't list everything ..
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 May 2021 19: 56
      +9
      Quote: Van 16
      The boys also built a raft from reeds in the village, and it turned out very well. And they swam on it, sunbathed, and caught fish.
      Yes, in general, we did a lot of things with our own hands, you can't list everything ..

      I agree completely!
      Although Vyacheslav correctly noted, a lot depends on the parents.
      I still remember the homemade corn maker my grandfather made for me. From bars on nails and a chassis from a broken machine. I remember the boats that my father made from wood and foam. The first wooden machine for lightning in the first class. Then it started. First, the harm was the alteration of the father's machine gun shop. From the "German" one with a store on the bottom, I stuck it on three nails in "Italian" on the side. Then the neighbor's old picket fence went to the navy. And in a purely barbaric way. The board was peeled off completely with sweat, its tip was disposed of at an angle. Ships were launched in streams on the street. History is silent on how many cars the wheels are proportioned to our frigates. The patience of a neighbor is also amazed, for the spring to lose almost the entire fence of the garden !!!
      This is not even a stoic position, but something that is still incomprehensible to me !!! Considering that he tore off the pitiful remnants himself and told our gang “take the pot-bellied little thing, luckily it's March, the nettle has not grown yet”! Still, we would have refused, carried off the good in five rounds and continued the genocide of wheeled vehicles. After that, the neighbor did not risk it and in the summer he welded a fence from the corner. It still stands. Blessed memory of Uncle Kolya.
      All stop, and then again suffered. laughing
  10. out of habit
    out of habit 8 May 2021 18: 59
    +3
    What are the airplane ships today? From the cradle, the phone is stuck in the teeth. Today's fathers themselves cannot hammer in a nail for the most part.
    1. kalibr
      8 May 2021 19: 25
      +3
      Quote: out of habit
      From the cradle, the phone is stuck in the teeth. Today's fathers themselves cannot hammer in a nail for the most part.

      The main thing is that you do not do this, and neither do your children.
  11. Petrol cutter
    Petrol cutter 8 May 2021 19: 07
    +4
    What a surprisingly light and clean article.
    I must say in my childhood I was very fond of cars. Especially freight. And fiercely. And he dreamed of becoming a driver. I even took books on the device, took notes. Oh my God. How interesting I lived then! ... Especially ZIL130.
    I bought some toys in the store, and then they were released - the ZIL 130 car. And I finished them myself. I had two side / tank and cherry on the cake - dump truck!
    Now, unfortunately, all this is lost.
    Life took a different course. But nonetheless...
  12. Aag
    Aag 8 May 2021 22: 59
    +1
    Quote: rocket757
    In life, anything can happen.
    Any extremes are not helpful.

    I mean the same...
    Only now ... is it possible that all of us will be "averaged" ... After all, everything is heading towards that.
    Today, Channel 1, (while I was reading VO), "field of miracles", Yakubovich: "War is a deadly disease! We will survive everything. And the pandemic, and ... if only there was no war," I did not remember further, - I was stunned !!
    Think about it! We will survive everything, if only there was no war. What are they offering us?
    Of course, maybe I misinterpreted the words. (Then it's worth adding specifics! Editors get money for what?!) And how do young people interpret them? So, do you understand? Take a look at the films that are being played before the Holiday! ... I am beginning to feel like a partisan in the occupied territory.