Military Review

Disinformation versus analytics

46

Photo: Jorge Franganillo, fllickr.com


To begin with, the object of the article should be designated as disinformation. This is not about knowingly false data, but about The process of distribution of those. It would be more accurate to call this process disinformation.

For what


Disinformation is a method of manipulation, which consists in supplying knowingly false, incomplete, or outdated information, as a result of which the object of disinformation makes a decision in the interests of the manipulator. Moreover, the result of such an impact on the opponent can sometimes be the absence of any action at all, or the cost of analyzing information of significant resources, which will harm the misinformed.

Thus, it is the objects that have serious analytical capabilities that are more vulnerable. Deceiving a neighbor about his wife's infidelity is one thing. Forcing an enterprise to spend significant resources on product development, knowingly losing in the market - is quite another.

Government and law enforcement agencies, corporations, social networks, manufacturing enterprises, retail chains - these are both objects and manipulators.

Moreover, the initiator of misinformation is always in a winning position. And the object is forced to wade through huge amounts of information (which can also turn out to be false) in order to avoid the consequences of manipulation. And the chain "we know they know that ..." can lead to unpredictable results.

In special cases, the purpose of misinformation can be the formation of public opinion or discrediting both one person and a group of persons (on the largest scale - an entire country or nation), as well as identifying the source of information leakage.

Sources of dissemination can be: stuffing, leaks, confidential and open provision of disinformation. Each of the sources is applicable both to all objects and, with varying degrees of efficiency, to a certain of them. If it is possible to mislead an object from several sources at once, the result increases by an order of magnitude.

Here's an example of successful misinformation.

Operation "Minced Meat"


In 1943, during World War II, Allied forces were planning a landing operation in the Mediterranean against the Axis forces. Germany had ample opportunity to withstand the attack, but this required a concentration of forces to repel the invasion. Decision on the location of several tank divisions were taken as a result of "accident" - thanks to the documents found with the stamp "personally and top secret", which contained the plans of the allies.

The documents were found in a suitcase, handcuffed to a corpse carried to the coast of ... Spain! The deceased, dressed in the uniform of the Royal Marines, was found to have documents in the name of William Martin.

To support the legend, a note was posted about the death of a certain W. Martin as a result of a plane crash. And the British Foreign Office turned to the Spanish Foreign Ministry with a request to return the body of the deceased officer.

As a result, the high German command considered that the target of the invasion would be Greece, Sardinia and Corsica. Whereas the landing took place on the other side of the Apennine Peninsula - in Sicily.

Needless to say, this whole operation was nothing more than disinformation, codenamed "Minced Meat"?

And how difficult is it to recognize such "multiple moves" (a corpse with documents there, a note here, an official appeal)?

Conclusion


On the one hand, it is easier to carry out such an operation in the modern information era. On the other hand, the bias of information sources forces disinformers to resort to more and more perverted methods.

You can avoid becoming a victim of disinformation only by using all analytical and intelligence powers to warning this.

Well, to educate ordinary people in critical thinking.
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46 comments
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  1. Baloo
    Baloo April 21 2021 18: 57
    -1
    There are not enough parallels in our time. I mean not only the events around the "starving" German patient in places not so distant or the history of the Wagnerites.
    1. Fan-fan
      Fan-fan April 21 2021 23: 54
      0
      Here you are the first and bought the misinformation. The author wrote: "Learn to think critically", and I will add - draw information from different sources that give opposite data.
      1. Civil
        Civil April 22 2021 06: 53
        0
        False propaganda is disinformation, a war against one's own population. Moreover, this propaganda bursts after visiting the Rosstat website. Probably soon access to it will be closed or declared a foreign agent. laughing laughing laughing
        1. Ingvar 72
          Ingvar 72 April 22 2021 08: 01
          -2
          Quote: Civil
          False propaganda -

          I liked Semin's video on the topic of propaganda -
          1. Dmt
            April 22 2021 08: 51
            +4
            There will be a separate article about propaganda. All interfere with everything and do not see the difference between the phenomena in the modern infosphere ... I try to separate and explain as much as possible without bias.
            1. ximkim
              ximkim April 22 2021 09: 26
              +1
              Very interesting. We are waiting.
      2. Baloo
        Baloo April 22 2021 09: 28
        -2
        Quote: Fan-Fan
        Here you are the first and bought the misinformation. The author wrote: "Learn to think critically", and I will add - draw information from different sources that give opposite data.

        What are you uy. The skull is not tight?
    2. Vladimir_2U
      Vladimir_2U April 22 2021 03: 31
      -1
      Quote: Balu
      There are not enough parallels in our time.

      Yes, here a noticeable part of the Russophobic commentators does just that.
      Moreover, the initiator of misinformation is always in a winning position.
      Throw in nonsense and ripped quotes, and you take it apart.
      1. Civil
        Civil April 22 2021 08: 06
        +5
        Russophobic commentators

        The anti-Soviet is always Russophobe.
        1. max702
          max702 April 22 2021 12: 05
          -8
          Quote: Civil
          Russophobic commentators

          The anti-Soviet is always Russophobe.

          A communist is always a Russophobe!
          1. Ingvar 72
            Ingvar 72 April 22 2021 19: 51
            0
            Quote: max702
            A communist is always a Russophobe!

            Who is in power then? belay Under the communists, the population grew, now it is dying out. Industry, medicine and education are also degrading. Under the Russophobic Communists, all this developed.
            1. max702
              max702 April 22 2021 20: 35
              0
              In 1991 there were fewer industrial enterprises in the RSFSR than in 2021 .. We sell wheat most of all in the world (and the shelves are bursting with everything) for the fifth year in a row .. The country is among the leaders in the fight against covid and the development of vaccines from it, do not count the medals at the olympiads in all sorts of educational subjects .. so here we are degrading ..
              1. Ingvar 72
                Ingvar 72 April 22 2021 20: 43
                -3
                Quote: max702
                In 1991 there were fewer industrial enterprises in the RSFSR than in 2021

                Share the source? It is desirable with an indication of the number of employees at these enterprises.
                Quote: max702
                We sell wheat the most in the world

                Yes, we sell a lot, but these are all raw materials. Moreover, the same wheat within the country is becoming more expensive from year to year.
                Quote: max702
                Country in the lead in the fight against covid and the development of vaccines against it

                Tell this to Solovyov and Skabeeva, I don’t need to. None of the vaccines have passed the third round of trials.
                Quote: max702
                do not count medals at olympiads in all kinds of educational subjects

                Since 2012, the outflow of scientists from Russia has increased five (!) Times.
                All signs of a commodity colonial economy. In addition, the retaliatory sanctions against the EU for some reason did not affect the import of radioactive waste. wink
                1. Until Ger
                  Until Ger April 22 2021 20: 52
                  -2
                  And if again
                  iron curtain.
                  How long will the country hold out?
                2. max702
                  max702 April 22 2021 20: 57
                  0
                  Quote: Ingvar 72
                  None of the vaccines have passed the third round of trials.

                  None of the existing ones passed the third stage, because it is physically impossible, but against the background of the rest, WE are the best ..
                  Quote: Ingvar 72
                  Yes, we sell a lot, but these are all raw materials

                  Yeah, fuel elements for nuclear power plants are the same raw materials as mechanical engineering products ..
                  Quote: Ingvar 72
                  Since 2012, the outflow of scientists from Russia has increased five (!) Times.

                  Proof to the studio!
                  Quote: Ingvar 72
                  Share the source? It is desirable with an indication of the number of employees at these enterprises.

                  The site was made by us, about the number of Duc "-guns are not being cleaned with bricks now" this means that today people in many industries need a little less .. The fact of a larger number says a lot, you have nothing at all .. True, who produces hundreds of thousands of cars, both passenger cars and trucks, hundreds of planes and helicopters, hundreds of ships and ships, who builds nuclear reactors and everything related to the nuclear industry, is engaged in space and the military-industrial complex, produces the same vaccines, graphene and much more .. But your training manual does not have any of this and cannot be .. The author of the article just wrote about this ..
                3. max702
                  max702 April 27 2021 23: 22
                  0
                  Quote: Ingvar 72
                  Since 2012, the outflow of scientists from Russia has increased five (!) Times.

                  And here is the proof that reveals this lie!
                  https://peremogi.livejournal.com/56503080.html
                  Check it out .. And everything is so light-faced you are ours with the right genes ..
                  1. Ingvar 72
                    Ingvar 72 April 28 2021 06: 36
                    0
                    The level of your illiteracy is off the charts - do you believe in the notes of the live magazine more in the zaputin frenzy? Interfax, Peskov and RAS academicians are lying? belay
                    https://interfax-ru.turbopages.org/interfax.ru/s/russia/762675
                    PS You are looking for confirmation of what you want, but not the real facts.
                    1. max702
                      max702 April 28 2021 07: 50
                      0
                      Here's a direct link to proof https://naked-science.ru/article/nakedscience/ottok-ottok?fbclid=IwAR1T9cLaypv3cf9_WTZF-7gtYWDcssDcpdE_BL1zK8B9KzCV3sHd6iEb8KzCVXNUMXsHdXNUMXiEb
                      in which it is said about the "academician" who carried this nonsense in it, everything is perfectly disassembled .. Although you as I understand all the dew of God? Is this work? Understand..
                      1. Ingvar 72
                        Ingvar 72 April 28 2021 09: 00
                        0
                        You do not mention this "infallible" resource as proof anymore, okay? Laughter, and nothing more. laughing
                      2. max702
                        max702 April 28 2021 13: 12
                        0
                        What doesn't suit you? I showed you the version of events, but from you I only hear whining without the slightest proof .. Are we merging?
                      3. Ingvar 72
                        Ingvar 72 April 28 2021 13: 37
                        0
                        Quote: max702
                        Are we merging?

                        When an opponent seriously puts the speculations of the urya-patriotic site higher than the statement of the academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, I have nothing more to say to him.
                      4. max702
                        max702 April 28 2021 13: 42
                        0
                        Quote: Ingvar 72
                        Quote: max702
                        Are we merging?

                        When an opponent seriously puts the speculations of the urya-patriotic site higher than the statement of the academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, I have nothing more to say to him.

                        This academician has achieved everything from the Komsomol party line. Do you seriously consider his opinion to be competent? Why are you lying to yourself then? So you would like the same "academician" to operate on you? In the article, all the incompetent delirium of this "academician" is sorted out, have you read it at all?
                      5. Ingvar 72
                        Ingvar 72 April 28 2021 14: 02
                        0
                        Putin did not leave the CPSU, did you know?
  • max702
    max702 April 22 2021 12: 17
    0
    Disinformation is a method of manipulation, which consists in supplying knowingly false, incomplete, or outdated information, as a result of which the object of disinformation makes a decision in the interests of the manipulator.
    Something tells me that the author hinted at massive last articles on one topic on VO ..
    Forcing an enterprise to spend significant resources on product development, knowingly losing in the market - is quite another.

    And the author of these articles did everything as according to the textbook / manual ..
    Sources of dissemination can be: stuffing, leaks, confidential and open provision of disinformation. Each of the sources is applicable both to all objects and, with varying degrees of efficiency, to a certain of them. If it is possible to mislead an object from several sources at once, the result increases by an order of magnitude.
    But why was it done ..
    In special cases, the purpose of misinformation can be shaping public opinion or discrediting both one person and a group of persons (on the largest scale - an entire country or nation)
    1. Dmt
      April 22 2021 12: 57
      +3
      There are no hints. Only an explanation of the techniques themselves. If someone drew conclusions or saw coincidences, then they understood the information provided in the article.
      1. max702
        max702 April 22 2021 14: 12
        -2
        Quote: DMT
        There are no hints. Only an explanation of the techniques themselves. If someone drew conclusions or saw coincidences, then they understood the information provided in the article.

        I understand you perfectly all matches are random especially in light of today's VO policy after the change of site owners ..
  • knn54
    knn54 April 21 2021 19: 16
    +1
    The fight against "misinformation" must be carried out at the legislative level as well.
    And it is difficult to manipulate a thinking man in the street.
    1. for
      for April 22 2021 00: 54
      +3
      Quote: knn54
      And it is difficult to manipulate a thinking man in the street.

      It is difficult to manipulate an apolitical man in the street, but fans of Putin and Navalny are quite possible.
      1. Ingvar 72
        Ingvar 72 April 22 2021 08: 05
        +1
        It seems that you said everything correctly, but the sediment remained. Due to the division of society only into fans of Putin and Navalny. Although the bulk of the protest-minded society looks towards the Reds. And they are trying very hard to drag this mass under the flags of Navalny. Moreover, this is done, among other things, by the official media.
        1. Boris55
          Boris55 April 22 2021 08: 15
          -3
          Quote: Ingvar 72
          Moreover, this is done, among other things, by the official media.

          Official media? Do you mean by official - state? Can you name which media outlets work for the interests of the state, are not paid from the state budget, but express the point of view of the president and the government?

    2. Niko
      Niko April 22 2021 08: 00
      +1
      Quote: knn54
      The fight against "misinformation" must be carried out at the legislative level as well.
      And it is difficult to manipulate a thinking man in the street.

      So what? Will the president be jailed?
    3. Niko
      Niko April 22 2021 08: 02
      0
      Quote: knn54
      The fight against "misinformation" must be carried out at the legislative level as well.
      And it is difficult to manipulate a thinking man in the street.

      Therefore, there are "first channels" and the like. so that there are as few "thinking philistines" as possible
  • Mikhail m
    Mikhail m April 21 2021 19: 16
    +7
    The decline in the number of the poor in Russia is misinformation on the eve of the elections? Or the real situation? Analysts, help me figure it out. Ordinary people with critical thinking get involved too. Just try not to use foul language, the rules do not allow.
    1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
      Paragraph Epitafievich Y. April 21 2021 21: 31
      0
      Quote: Mikhail M
      Analysts, help me figure it out.

      No problem.
      The first one went:
  • evgen1221
    evgen1221 April 21 2021 20: 37
    0
    And the conclusion?, Apparently, to disbelieve nothing and no one except their eyes, however, with net and this will not pass.
  • Hiller
    Hiller April 21 2021 21: 06
    0
    Quote from Goebbels: "... the disinformation should be monstrous like a drawing of a savage. Then they will believe in it." Continuing the quote: "... Germany is concentrating troops on the border with the USSR, awaiting permission to pass through the territory of the Union in order to conquer India ..."
  • BAI
    BAI April 21 2021 22: 28
    +5
    Anything can be cooked up now:

    And then wave the "document".
  • Old26
    Old26 April 21 2021 22: 36
    +5
    Quite frankly, the article is empty. It should have been placed in the History section, not Opinions. Apart from a short description of the operation, there is nothing. On TV recently, more was said about this operation.
  • Fan-fan
    Fan-fan April 22 2021 00: 04
    -4
    The author forgot to mention the importance of independent journalism. Since a lured journalist, it is clear that he will speak in favor of the one who pays him. And payments for our media come from one source, so this source manages the information.
    When only one point of view sounds from the TV screen, the veracity raises great doubts. There is no alternative information on TV, it is only available on the Internet.
    1. for
      for April 22 2021 01: 00
      +6
      Quote: Fan-Fan
      the importance of independent journalism

      Is she there? They want to eat too!
      1. unaha
        unaha April 28 2021 08: 51
        0
        Okay, let's go this way: "journalism, independent of government structures and funding."
        The point is not independence from everyone, but the presence of different (including polar) points of view and the ability to convey them to people. And the guarantee is not to sit down or the need to emigrate after this procedure.
  • nikvic46
    nikvic46 April 22 2021 05: 29
    +4
    Information field in cap. the state is already sheer misinformation, starting with the gifts of the state and ending with the splendor of existence.
  • Boris55
    Boris55 April 22 2021 07: 47
    -2
    Everyone has their own truth. Under this truth, everyone is looking for the information that satisfies his truth, incl. it would be more correct to filter information according to the principle: is it useful for the country or not. It is necessary to proceed from this.

    ps
    Who cares. Introduction to analytics: http://fct-altai.ru/files/2021/Introduction_to_Analytics.pdf
    1. unaha
      unaha April 28 2021 08: 54
      0
      Yeah, but will the utility be determined by the organizations and people specially allocated by the state and dependent on it, of course?
      1. Boris55
        Boris55 April 28 2021 09: 16
        0
        Quote: unaha
        Yeah, but will the utility be determined by the organizations and people specially allocated by the state and dependent on it, of course?

        Not. In this case, when information concerns each of us, then each of us, to the extent of his awareness, determines what is useful for the state and what is not.
  • Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 April 25 2021 15: 08
    0
    Well, with regards to the example itself, the Germans still arranged minced meat from the Allied landings. And there were no Soviet troops ... So this whole miserable story is a stupid trick of the very disinformation. Not the Germans in the War, but the governments of today, to increase funding for Internet nonsense. People (oddly enough, they are all accidentally relatives or closest friends of government members) receive mountains of money for "information support" on the network. Simply put, they are paid for the bullshit that their firms post on the Internet by their employees. Of course, they are paid handsomely. But God forbid, suddenly, looking at how the attempts of these half-bots are being smashed to shreds on the net, government curators will doubt the adequacy of the budget! And they will doubt, everyone wants to cut such budgets ...
    Why is this article an example of the dumbest misinformation? Because it is written in the characteristic style of the oak propaganda of these very penny half-bots. These breeches do not hire smart people - smart people have to pay. Government officials are not used to paying. Well, perhaps for myself, loved ones. The stupid story goes against the rudimentary rules of checking intelligence information. Those who are familiar with the topic understand everything perfectly. German intelligence was inferior to Soviet, but not so much. And this kind of anecdotal "trick" would never pass.
    Yearning...