Military Review

On April 5, 1918, the landing of Japanese troops began in Vladivostok: recall Tokyo about the occupation of Russian lands

62

Japan. Illustrative photo



In 1918, a very difficult situation arose for the newly created Soviet state. Although the offensive of the German troops was stopped in the main directions, there remained a great risk of its continuation. For Germany, there was a great temptation to take away the desired territories from Russia; the Entente countries also landed troops in Murmansk. Also, the Entente countries were preparing for an invasion of the Far East, for this purpose they wanted to use imperialist Japan.

At that time, a struggle was unfolding between the United States and Japan for dominance in the Pacific region, but, despite the existing disagreements, they negotiated among themselves and tried to find a compromise for joint actions to occupy the Soviet Far East. Despite the fact that the Americans feared the expansion and strengthening of Japan in the region, they entered into an agreement in order to destroy the young Soviet republic.

The reason for the start of the invasion was an armed attack on employees of a Japanese trading company, as a result of this incident, two of them were killed. According to some reports, this provocation, planned in advance, was organized by the Japanese themselves in order to launch an invasion under the pretext of protecting their subjects.

Immediately after this provocation, without waiting for any investigation, on April 5, 1918, the Japanese landed a landing in the amount of three companies of marines (including, by the way, the British), under the cover of the naval artillery of an American cruiser. The intruders immediately seized the key objects of the city and port. The very next day, the Japanese landed additional troops and captured Russky Island with all its military infrastructure.

Recall Tokyo about the occupation of Russian lands


After waiting for a favorable situation, Ataman Semyonov also stepped up his activities, earlier he mobilized the Cossacks in the border areas, having gathered about a thousand people under his banner. The Japanese supported Semyonov, supplied him with weapons, ammunition, and also sent their soldiers to help him.

In July 1918, the Entente states announced that Vladivostok was under their control, they also stated that this was temporary, and that they would take measures to protect the city and its environs from external and internal threats. The main goal of the occupation was the actual severing of the Far East from the Soviet Republic. After a short period of time, the number of Japanese troops in the Far East exceeded 80 thousand people. During the Civil War and the intervention of 1918-1922. the Japanese in the Far East had more than half of the regular army, their number was up to 120 thousand people, the main reason was the desire to participate in the division of territories after the elimination of the Soviet state created by the revolution, planned by the Entente countries.

The main force of the interventionists was precisely the Japanese army, the American and British troops retained their presence in the period 1918-1920, then left the territory of Russia, the Japanese troops were in the Far East until 1922. Thus, taking advantage of the hostile attitude of the Western states to Soviet Russia, Japan ruled and plundered the Far East for four years. A lot of timber, furs, and other valuables, seized in Vladivostok, were exported, Japan received and a considerable share of gold from the gold reserves of Russia, which is at the disposal of Kolchak.

During the occupation of the Far East, the Japanese behaved insolently and unceremoniously, which naturally aroused the hatred of the local population. Partisan detachments were organized to fight the invaders, they ambushed and attacked Japanese detachments. The partisan movement was quite massive, the number of their fighters exceeded 30 thousand people.

The Japanese, in response to the partisan struggle and resistance, staged mass executions, burned entire villages, the special cruelty of the Japanese was also noted by their American allies, who, however, themselves were quite distinguished in such acts.

In March 1920, all the troops of foreign interventionists, except for the Japanese, left Vladivostok. The Japanese, on the other hand, began to carry out massive punitive actions against the population, defeated many revolutionary organizations. The reason for this was the events, as a result of which the guerrillas of the anarchist Tryapitsyn shot several hundred prisoners of the Japanese military.

Tryapitsyn was soon shot by the verdict of a revolutionary court, but the Japanese stopped the evacuation of their troops and began to take revenge, as a result, almost seven thousand people were killed in Vladivostok and three other cities in a few days. After that, the Japanese occupied southern Sakhalin under the pretext of protecting the employees of the Hokusinkai oil company and demanded an official apology from Soviet Russia for the deaths of Japanese soldiers.

In the current situation, the weakened Soviet Russia could not afford to start a war with Japan and it was decided to create the Far Eastern Republic, which was assigned the role of a de facto buffer state, and a revolutionary army of the republic was created.

In 1920, as a result of the offensive of the army of the Far Eastern Republic, together with the partisans, the Japanese interventionists left Khabarovsk and a number of other settlements.

The war in the Far East continued for two more years, the successful offensive operations of the FER revolutionary army forced the Japanese to leave Vladivostok at the end of 1922, and the civil war in the Far East was practically over. But despite the end of hostilities and the establishment of Soviet power, it was only at the beginning of June 1923 that the last Japanese warship left the Golden Horn Bay of Vladivostok.

In the future, Japan did not lose hope for revenge and began to develop new plans for military action against the USSR in the Far East, Sakhalin and Manchuria.

It would be nice to remind the Japanese of those events and, most importantly, of how the previously built aggressive plans against Russia ended. It would also be nice to issue demands for indemnities for the occupation in response to Tokyo-backed anti-Russian sanctions. Perhaps this will refresh their memory, especially in light of the "Kuril issue" they are constantly discussing.
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  1. xorek
    xorek April 5 2021 16: 02
    +12
    And on April 5, Russia with Alexander Nevsky for the first time defeated the NATO troops of the crusaders laughing and it's not a joke

    For our knights of the Rus! Now again something like this begins men. Let's fight!
    And the Japanese got theirs and remembered forever ..
    1. Eldorado
      Eldorado April 5 2021 16: 08
      +11
      His father Yaroslav beat the crusaders.
      1. seregatara1969
        seregatara1969 April 5 2021 19: 15
        +3
        Since when NATO gets stars in its eyes!
    2. Doccor18
      Doccor18 April 5 2021 16: 13
      +4
      Quote: xorek
      And the Japanese got theirs and remembered forever ..

      Time is merciless. There are many schoolchildren and students in Japan who have no idea who dropped atomic bombs on their cities ... either the USA or the USSR ...
      Nothing happens "forever", and especially a historical memory with an "unpleasant ending" ...
      1. xorek
        xorek April 5 2021 16: 16
        +1
        Quote: Doccor18
        Time is merciless. There are many schoolchildren and students in Japan who have no idea who dropped atomic bombs on their cities ... either the USA or the USSR ...
        Nothing happens "forever", and especially a historical memory with an "unpleasant ending" ...

        These are their problems, they will want to know .. soldier
        Now we have a holiday at the Russian Swedes soaked in an ice battle !!! And we'll have enough of the Japanese to dive here .. We'll deal with them specifically whiners .. soldier
        All men with a holiday .. Soaked the crusaders !!! Hurray Hurray Hurray ..
        1. Vladimir Mashkov
          Vladimir Mashkov April 6 2021 14: 45
          0
          We need to calculate everything and demand compensation from the Japanese for the Japanese occupation of the Far East!
          1. xorek
            xorek April 6 2021 15: 23
            -3
            Quote: Vladimir Mashkov
            We need to calculate everything and demand compensation from the Japanese for the Japanese occupation of the Far East!

            What is there to count .. Gold Russian Kolchak gave them a part of the stock .. So let them count! We owe half of our island !!!!
            And for atrocities, there in general .. And they also whine about the islands, amersky bedding .. negative In vain, Stalin stopped the offensive on Hokaido of our marines ..! soldier And they could take Tokyo, etc. Seen enough of their atrocities in Manchuria negative soldier
      2. prior
        prior April 5 2021 16: 32
        +2
        There are many schoolchildren and students in Japan who have no idea who dropped the atomic bombs on their cities.

        But what love is now with the Americans, right in the gums.
        Conclusion: if you want the descendants of the samurai or the descendants of other knights to love your country, drop a couple of atomic bombs on them. smile
        1. Doccor18
          Doccor18 April 5 2021 16: 36
          +3
          Whatever they say about the Americans, but they know how to handle their vassals ...
          Theory, practice and the US dollar ...
      3. Proxima
        Proxima April 5 2021 16: 42
        +7
        "After that, the Japanese occupied South Sakhalin" - from the text. Author, correct the mistake. Southern Sakhalin was occupied during the Russo-Japanese. But the North returned to us only in 1925. It is considered the greatest success of Soviet diplomacy. fellow drinks And in order to formalize this de jure, then de facto, for a song, the Japanese had to lease all the fields of Northern Sakhalin, and so on. Let the Japanese pay us an indemnity, at least for the barbaric plunder of Northern Sakhalin, and plug their mouths over the "northern territories" forever.
        1. Machito
          Machito April 5 2021 17: 01
          +3
          Contribution? It will be enough for us to transfer Hokkaido - the historical territory of the Russian Ainu.
          1. Proxima
            Proxima April 5 2021 17: 39
            +3
            Quote: Bearded
            Contribution? It will be enough for us to transfer Hokkaido - the historical territory of the Russian Ainu.

            Every joke has its share of a joke! And the truth is that in Atlas of Russian Lands Hokkaido was Russian territory... And Alexander the First in a letter to the Japanese emperor "reminded him" of this, there was no answer - silence is a sign of consent. Well, then, when after the Crimean War Russia weakened and the loss of Alaska and the entire Far East was under threat, we had no time for Hokkaido. And "our quick-eyed friends" squeezed it out on the sly. But again, this does not change anything on a de jure plane! Moreover, according to the results of WWII, Hokkaido was supposed to go to the USSR. The allies confirmed this, but why this did not happen is a separate story. So, GIVE RUSSIAN HOCKKAIDO! good drinks
            1. Machito
              Machito April 5 2021 17: 53
              +1
              I am the most zhokkaid hokkaidak. drinks
              ... What Siberia, what Alaska
              Two banks.
              Take Hokkaido back. drinks good
      4. The comment was deleted.
        1. maratkoRuEkb
          maratkoRuEkb April 7 2021 12: 57
          0



          Why are you being so shy? No other photos of Sakhalin were found?) Well, I'll help you!
        2. maratkoRuEkb
          maratkoRuEkb April 7 2021 13: 09
          0


          this is also Hiroshima)
  2. Fitter65
    Fitter65 April 5 2021 16: 04
    -5
    Recall Tokyo about the occupation of Russian lands
    Should we send a petition, or a dozen missiles? Again, each separately, or do we somehow agree?
  3. rocket757
    rocket757 April 5 2021 16: 04
    +3
    On April 5, 1918, the landing of Japanese troops began in Vladivostok: recall Tokyo about the occupation of Russian lands
    Historical issues are inseparable from today's politics!
    1. lucul
      lucul April 5 2021 16: 08
      0
      Historical issues are inseparable from today's politics!

      If you don’t know history, you don’t know reality either. One of the other arises, or simply: cause - effect.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 April 5 2021 18: 00
        +1
        And that history is just screaming for us ... you have to be strong, decisive, that's the only way.
    2. cniza
      cniza April 5 2021 16: 54
      +3
      We need to poke their noses into this, be sure ...
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 April 5 2021 17: 59
        +2
        Empty chores ...
        Talking / explaining something to them, reminding them only with serious arguments, behind their backs and in their hands.
        1. cniza
          cniza April 5 2021 18: 14
          +2
          It is understandable that the result will not be predictable, but why not ...
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 April 5 2021 18: 20
            +1
            Everything is in our hands ... we will become strong, otherwise, all the same, nothing.
            1. cniza
              cniza April 5 2021 20: 55
              +2
              So our Foreign Ministry needs to take the initiative ...
              1. rocket757
                rocket757 April 6 2021 06: 18
                +1
                A diplomat expresses / denotes a situation that already exists.
                Trying to express what is not ... is possible, but the result is unpredictable.
  4. lucul
    lucul April 5 2021 16: 05
    +2
    remind Tokyo about the occupation of Russian lands

    An extremely timely topic - it is necessary to refresh the memory of all the invaders of the Russian lands.
    And then they are presented as if we were the only one to attack.
    1. VORON538
      VORON538 April 5 2021 16: 21
      +7
      In addition to what is presented in relation to external enemies, internal enemies have also become more active. So in the Amur region, one migrant from central Russia actively collaborated with the Japanese occupiers (by the way, the ancestors of the migrant actively suppressed the peasant uprising of Pugachev, for which they were awarded lands in central Russia) , later, with the establishment of Soviet power, he fled to Omsk, where he was shot in the 30s for his deeds.In our time, his grandson appeared on the information field and this is what it turns out - his ancestor turns out to be all so white and fluffy, everyone lies and his dida -Just like that. And what is documented, with the indication of eyewitnesses, his opposition to the advice and cooperation with the invaders, so like slander and that's it! So far, such grandchildren-great-grandchildren will not run out, there are no guarantees that there will be no one to greet the invaders with flowers. I will not give my grandfather's surname; anyone who wants to find it will find it. There is even a whole website on the topic. hi
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid April 5 2021 16: 58
        0
        .... until such ... will not run out ...
        hi no, dear, by themselves they will not run out, unfortunately. It would be necessary to pull out like weeds ... but the opposite happens.
        The groans continue, about Russia, which they lost, along with this, those (the White Guards) with whom the Bolsheviks fought, become exposed for nothing.
    2. prior
      prior April 5 2021 17: 53
      +1
      I would instead: "to refresh the memory of all the invaders of the Russian lands",
      painfully their memory is short,
      suggested: "freshen up all the occupiers of the Russian lands" am to strengthen memory.
  5. Flooding
    Flooding April 5 2021 16: 06
    +3

    As is clear from the inscription on the postcard Vladivostok, July 1, 1919.
    1. Flooding
      Flooding April 5 2021 16: 12
      +2
      August 11, 1918 Vladivostok
      The landing of the vanguard of the Japanese troops.

      taken in LJ lot1959
  6. Doccor18
    Doccor18 April 5 2021 16: 07
    +3
    It would be nice to remind the Japanese of those events ...

    It would be nice for us not to forget all this ...
    The Japanese remember all this, moreover, they would gladly repeat this if the situation allowed ...
    1. Flooding
      Flooding April 5 2021 16: 19
      +2
      Quote: Doccor18
      The Japanese remember all this, moreover, they would gladly repeat this if the situation allowed

      you know what's interesting
      The Japanese often do not understand why in neighboring countries they cannot be forgiven for the events of the 1930s and 1940s. The reason for this is largely due to the fact that the history of the XNUMXth century is practically unknown in Japan. I myself learned about the events of that era when I studied at an Australian school, leaving Japan.

      And this is not written by anyone, but by the BBC
      https://www.bbc.com/russian/international/2013/03/130314_japan_history_teaching_wwii

      We still need to make allowances for times and customs.
      O times! About manners!
      People have forgotten the simple word "honor".
      And even if you're right,
      The one who speaks flattery to everyone will be right.
  7. Wedmak
    Wedmak April 5 2021 16: 12
    +3
    Whoever comes to us with what and why is from him and that!
    It would be nice to remind the Japanese of those events and, most importantly, of how the previously built aggressive plans against Russia ended. It would also be nice to issue demands for indemnities for the occupation in response to Tokyo-backed anti-Russian sanctions.

    The idea is good .. To hold several events in this regard, with media coverage. It is unlikely that the Japanese will understand this, but at least once again we will listen to their harsh howl.
  8. Free wind
    Free wind April 5 2021 16: 13
    +3
    Everyone must remember that it was the Red and Soviet Army that kicked out all these scum destroying our people. And it was every White Guard evil that gathered around the world those who would destroy our people. You are burning in hell, admirers of Kolchak, etc.
  9. WHAT IS
    WHAT IS April 5 2021 16: 15
    +10
    The reason for this was the events, as a result of which the guerrillas of the anarchist Tryapitsyn shot several hundred prisoners of the Japanese military.

    An eye for an eye in the Nikolaev incident. On the night of March 11-12, 1920, the Japanese attacked the partisan posts and headquarters. , the partisans launched a counteroffensive. Now the Japanese were blocked in the barracks and houses, which were set on fire by the partisans. On March 14, the invaders were defeated, followed by reprisals. The prisoners (the number from 27 to 130 people was called) were killed. the ground.
  10. orionvitt
    orionvitt April 5 2021 16: 22
    +1
    It would be nice to remind the Japanese of those events.
    I guess we'll hear back. Either silence, or a bombastic phrase about "this is different."
  11. Victor Tsenin
    Victor Tsenin April 5 2021 16: 25
    +4
    It would be nice to put up memorials to the intervention and atrocities. And also to demand compensation and remorse in court for this.
  12. Galleon
    Galleon April 5 2021 16: 26
    +5
    My grandmother, Alexandra Ivanovna, talked about the Japanese in Khabarovsk in those years. Came home to my great-grandfather. The officer saw a pot of red geraniums on the window, was indignant at the red color, cut that geranium with a saber together with the pot. Then he ordered him to cook chicken, sprinkled it with sugar and ate it. And when the Reds attacked the Japanese and drove them out of Khabarovsk, the naked, numb corpses of the Japanese (in winter it was) were placed near the fences, raising and tying their hands in a military salute. You walk, he says, there are ghouls and they salute you.
  13. Shadow041
    Shadow041 April 5 2021 16: 29
    +4
    These yellow fascists remember everything, they are enraged only by the fact that they did not manage to take the land from Russia, right up to the Urals, as they planned in the 30s-40s of the last century, according to the Kantokuen plan
  14. apro
    apro April 5 2021 16: 41
    -8
    A very controversial statement. Russians were sympathetic to the Japanese. Americans. They cooperated closely with them. They fought jointly with Soviet partisans and troops of the DVR. Today the Russian Federation is the successor of those Russians. And not Soviet. Soviet fought with the invaders. Considered this territory to be Soviet. ...
  15. The comment was deleted.
    1. apro
      apro April 5 2021 16: 48
      -3
      Quote: michael.jacksno
      After all, the right of the conquerors to own the lands that they captured.

      And they were able to hold. And achieved recognition of their acquisitions. The USSR was able to regain its lost territories. And the right of force and the right of international agreements. And historical rights of ownership.
      1. The comment was deleted.
        1. apro
          apro April 5 2021 17: 30
          0
          Quote: michael.jacksno
          Were you able to keep it good, but develop it? And if you are not able to hold then why?

          That was.
          1. The comment was deleted.
            1. apro
              apro April 5 2021 17: 50
              -5
              Quote: michael.jacksno
              It would be better to sell these islands to the Japanese for a few lard than spend money on keeping them.

              The Soviets somehow did not think of it. But for the Russians it is quite possible.
              1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Cananecat
      Cananecat April 5 2021 16: 52
      +1
      Quote: michael.jacksno
      After all, this is how Russia justifies its rights to the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin.

      It is fundamentally wrong. The Kuril Islands were RELEASED from the Japanese. Who by the way staged genocide of the local population. Learn materiel.
      1. The comment was deleted.
        1. Cananecat
          Cananecat April 5 2021 17: 10
          -1
          Let us also remember the Holodomor with the "genocide of the Ukrainian population"? Was it not the same communists who drove trains with grain to Ukraine? And even the numbers of trains, trains and wagons have been preserved in history in the form of references in the archives.
          1. The comment was deleted.
            1. Shadow041
              Shadow041 April 5 2021 18: 50
              +3
              Go to Tsenzor.net, they will understand you, but we will somehow decide what to do with the Kuriles without Bandera's people, and certainly not a single Russian will give them to the Japanese. Russophobes and enemies of the Russian people, such as Shevardnadze, anathema to him, can try, but not the Russians.
            2. Paranoid50
              Paranoid50 April 5 2021 20: 32
              +1
              Quote: michael.jacksno
              everyone knows who attended school.

              This, Vasya, "not only everyone knows - very few people can do it"(from). yes A society of alternatively educated at its finest. fellow
  16. A.TOR
    A.TOR April 5 2021 16: 47
    0
    All the past and the past ... One can and probably should remember the "great victories", but - damn it !! - what about your future ??
  17. cniza
    cniza April 5 2021 16: 52
    -2
    It would also be nice to issue demands for indemnities for the occupation in response to Tokyo-backed anti-Russian sanctions.


    The Foreign Ministry is inactive, because there is a good reason ...
  18. Cossack 471
    Cossack 471 April 5 2021 16: 54
    +2
    The policy of "non-resistance to evil by violence" does not allow the Kremlin to give an adequate answer to anyone and never Tolstoyans. your division .....
  19. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 5 2021 17: 13
    0
    And there were those who walked with snot? And then the locals collected katanas along the way. laughing
  20. iouris
    iouris April 5 2021 17: 25
    -1
    It is fashionable now to demand reparations.
  21. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 5 2021 17: 28
    -1
    Quote: Cossack 471
    The policy of "non-resistance to evil by violence" does not allow the Kremlin to give an adequate answer to anyone and never Tolstoyans. your division .....

    Fall to their level? laughing Fire (c) Japan WANTED this war. Japan wanted a lot: our entire territory up to Baikal. During the Civil War of 1918-1922, the Japanese were the only true occupiers. They did not come to guard their military depots (they did not have depots of weapons and equipment on the territory of Russia). They did not come to help the Russians fight their internal enemies, in order to bring a national and friendly government to the Japanese Reich to power in Russia. They came to divide and take our land. The Europeans left in 1919. The Japanese stayed.
  22. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 5 2021 17: 33
    +1
    Our military-historical communities almost went crazy trying to determine the deeper meaning of these pictures. It remains to be regretted that the imagination of the Japanese artist still had limits and he did not think of pushing the Turks onto the Ussuri front - it would have been even more conceptual. However, I am not familiar with the whole series of these pictures ...

    So the Japanese tradition of drawing schizo manga and anime has long roots. laughing
  23. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 5 2021 17: 36
    -1
    The Japanese army smashes the German-Austrian army near Ussuri, Siberia laughing
  24. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 5 2021 17: 56
    +1
    For all the atrocities of the Japanese I do not have the slightest compassion for them, I consider even today's descendants only small rodents dressed in plush clothes, which, at the first signal, will gladly continue the deeds of their ancestors.
  25. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 5 2021 18: 28
    +1
    Quote: michael.jacksno
    I'm not surprised they don't know.
    There has changed a little
    But on Sakhalin and the Kuriles ...

    Guess where the Americans dropped their bombs. The picture represents Hiroshima and Sakhalin.

    Confused nothing? laughing although it's not good to lie.
  26. Alexander Kopychev
    Alexander Kopychev April 5 2021 18: 28
    +2
    We will not forget, we will not forgive !!!
  27. Antagonist
    Antagonist April 5 2021 21: 16
    +6
    remind Tokyo about the occupation of Russian lands

    Behind! We must constantly remind them about the occupation of the Far East and about August 1939 and 1945. Maybe they will finally stop dreaming over the islands bully
    1. Shadow041
      Shadow041 April 5 2021 22: 05
      +4
      The new ships of the Russian Pacific Fleet should be named Khasan, Khalkhin-Gol, Buyan-Tsagan, Bolshoi Khingan ... This will be a good reminder to the yellow fascists that fighting with Russia is unhealthy.
  28. Kapral Alphych
    Kapral Alphych April 6 2021 06: 22
    0
    Yes, they did it with us, you bastards