Military Review

Another anniversary of "perestroika": Gorbachev's plans and the results of reforms

111
Another anniversary of "perestroika": Gorbachev's plans and the results of reforms

Gorbachev was elected general secretary in March 1985 and already in April 1985, at the plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU, announced plans for large-scale reforms aimed at transforming all aspects of Soviet society. In continuation of these plans, a program was put forward to "accelerate the country's socio-economic development", reflecting the strategic course of the party. These days Russia is recalling another anniversary of "perestroika".


Following these decisions, in a fairly short period of time, grandiose economic, political and social changes took place that literally shook our country.

About Gorbachev's plans and the results of reforms.

It was planned that the introduction of the achievements of science and technology would provide acceleration, in particular in the field of mechanical engineering and heavy industry; to achieve these goals, it was planned to carry out technical re-equipment of enterprises and reduce the cost of expensive capital construction.

A special place in these plans was given to the "human factor" - through the strengthening of labor discipline, the use of new options for work on the territory of the entire Soviet Union. The priority was declared to be the solution of such problems as providing the Soviet population with high-quality housing, food, reforming the education and health care system. In general, we wanted the best ... At least, everything was presented in this context.

In May 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev launched an anti-alcohol campaign. True, the measures taken then were clumsy, ineffective and had negative consequences. Vineyards were cut down everywhere, wineries were destroyed, alcohol production was sharply reduced, and a large number of wine shops were closed. As a result of all these actions, long queues for alcohol appeared in the country, the level of drug addiction and the use of cheap and toxic substitutes began to grow. The boom in home brewing began. Revenues to the treasury from the sale of alcoholic beverages fell sharply. At the same time, they did not drink less.

In 1986, speaking at the XXVII Congress of the CPSU, Mikhail Gorbachev for the first time declared the need for "democratization", also with his submission, such terms as "freedom of speech and publicity" appeared, which became symbols of the era of perestroika and meant open decision-making and unhindered access to information. Part of his report was devoted to global world problems, he also drew attention to the fact that many problems are of a common human nature and their solution will require collective efforts and cooperation of many states.

Then this approach began to be called "new thinking" (with Gorbachev's version of the stress on the first syllable), which in turn led to the end of the Cold War.

Reforms continued, and in May 1986 such a procedure as state acceptance was introduced. The difference between the state acceptance and the quality control department was that the employees who carried out the state acceptance did not depend on the administration, they did not have such a task as to fulfill the plan at any cost. State acceptance was introduced at more than a thousand major large enterprises, but its efficiency turned out to be extremely low, labor productivity decreased, wages fell, state acceptance lasted for about a year and a half.

In 1986, a law on individual labor activity was adopted, it allowed entrepreneurship in the production of goods and consumer services for the population, the use of hired labor was still not allowed.
Very soon, in January 1987, at the plenum of the CPSU Central Committee, Gorbachev made a report entitled "On Perestroika and the Party's Personnel Policy", in which he outlined a new reform plan. The basis of the new concept was the reform of the political system, which was supposed to entail socio-economic reforms and changes. Perestroika was actually declared a new state ideology. The basis of the economic program of perestroika was the idea of ​​transferring the planned state economy to a market basis within the framework of socialism.

For this purpose, a series of reforms were carried out, developed by such economists and political scientists as L. Abalkin, T. Zaslavskaya and F. Burlatsky.

It was proposed to provide more independence to enterprises. For this, it was proposed to use mechanisms of self-sufficiency and even self-financing, and broader rights were granted to employees of organizations.

Some time later, on June 30, 1987, a law on a state enterprise was adopted. This kind of law provided for the transition of enterprises to self-financing and self-financing. Enterprises received the right to independently spend their profits remaining after settlements with the state. Additionally, it became possible to establish foreign economic relations, including through the creation of joint ventures, as well as sell part of their products on the foreign market.

On July 1, 1988, the Law on Cooperation was published, and the opportunities for entrepreneurship improved. But in the USSR, the state monopoly on raw materials remained, so the cooperators faced significant difficulties, the sphere of trade and public catering turned out to be more successful.

Cooperators set prices that were much higher than government prices. At the same time, the same products were produced and the state means of production were used. This policy led to conflicts in labor collectives. Also, many cooperatives are simply engaged in intermediary activities for the purchase and resale of products from state-owned enterprises.

In general, serious, critical mistakes were made during the reforms, all the features were not taken into account and many details were not worked out, and gross errors were made in the assessment, planning and the consequences of these reforms were not calculated.

By the end of the summer of 1989, the Soviet Union entered a deep socio-economic and political crisis. The situation was aggravated by the growing separatist movements, especially in the Transcaucasia and the Baltic republics - not without the help of "friends of the USSR", of course, who relied on representatives of the local "elites" to achieve their goals.

The economic crisis could no longer be saved by the "500 days" reform program conceived by the Democratic economists. The credibility of the authorities and the state was finally undermined by the monetary reform of early 1991, during which the exchange of banknotes was carried out. Prices in stores began to rise at an incredible pace. The results of Gorbachev's perestroika continue to make themselves felt to this day throughout the post-Soviet space.
Photos used:
Igor Podmarkov
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  1. Nikolay Ivanov_5
    Nikolay Ivanov_5 April 4 2021 08: 50
    +9
    The incompetent Gorbachev unbalanced the system and destroyed the country.
    1. lwxx
      lwxx April 4 2021 08: 58
      +19
      Quote: Nikolai Ivanov_5
      Incompetent Gorbachev
      Incompetent? There are thoughts that he is very competent. For the right direction and for a certain circle of people.
      1. Nikolay Ivanov_5
        Nikolay Ivanov_5 April 4 2021 09: 08
        +10
        If he knew where this would lead and purposefully led the country, then he is just an ordinary traitor.
        1. paul3390
          paul3390 April 4 2021 09: 53
          +21
          Fig itself - an ordinary traitor .. Yes, in comparison with him, even Judas Iscariot looks somehow pale! Nooo, badass tagged - the greatest traitor in the history of mankind in scale. Archi, giga traitor ...
          1. Tatyana
            Tatyana April 4 2021 13: 17
            0
            Quote: Nikolai Ivanov_5
            The incompetent Gorbachev unbalanced the system and destroyed the country.

            Not an "incompetent" but a recruited traitor promoted by Mrs Thatcher as well.
            It seems to me that it was not for nothing that Gorbachev got the nickname "Envelope Bear" when he was still in charge in the Stavropol Territory.
            Zyuganov. Misha (Gorbachev) - envelope. March 22, 2015

            Remember the sensational "Uzbek case" led by investigator Gdlyan, and the so-called. GOLD OF THE PARTY!
            It is believed that the strings of kickbacks from Uzbekistan also led to Gorbachev, and that it was precisely the fear of exposing him in corruption that partially led Gorbachev to his betrayal of the Motherland - to his salutary betrayal and cooperation with foreign special services. Gorbachev destroyed the USSR and the Warsaw Pact for the sake of his beloved, for the sake of saving his skin.

            In 1986, perestroika was in full swing, the country was led by a new young leader, Mikhail Gorbachev. At the XXII Congress of the CPSU, he announced a course for the democratization of society and acceleration ...
            It is noteworthy that in 1989, at the XNUMXth party conference in Moscow, in front of the silenced hall, the editor-in-chief of Ogonyok, Vitaly Korotich, approached Gorbachev and handed General Secretary Gorbachev a puffy envelope with the names of the highest party corrupt officials and the facts of their abuse. The members of the Central Committee of the Politburo were involved in corruption, and the "Uzbek case" turned out to be only the tip of the iceberg, under which the corruption of the highest ranks of the Soviet Union was hidden. Where is Ch. the editor of "Ogonyok" received information remains a question, but the arrests did indeed begin.
            But Soon T.H. Gdlyan was accused of falsification and in February 1990 he was expelled from the CPSU, and in April of the same year he was dismissed from the USSR Prosecutor's Office.

            December 25 1991 President of Uzbekistan I. Karimov pardoned all those convicted in the "Uzbek case" who were serving their sentences on the territory of the republic.

            For more details see the article by Alexander Kafeev dated 2012-02-17 "The Uzbek case" by investigators Gdlyan and Ivanov ". - https://begamot-74.livejournal.com/78242.html

            And the so-called. THE GOLD OF THE PARTY, which in nature was indeed revealed from corrupt officials, collected and returned to the country by Gdlyan, then disappeared from the country somewhere and has not yet been found

            Gold for the Party Cotton Cases. 4 Dec 2020
            1. Tatyana
              Tatyana April 4 2021 14: 56
              +3
              However, comparing the levels of corruption in the Soviet era and over the last post-Soviet 30 years, the level of corruption in the country has grown immeasurably since 1991! And corruption in the form of grafting and embezzlement in the country was elevated to the rank of state policy according to Soros's western methodology.

              Chubais about the voucher. Privatization. • Jan 30. 2011 r.


              7 years ago, during the Direct Line, Russian President Vladimir Putin answered the question of whether when Anatoly Chubais leaves power and spoke about the mistakes of the reforms carried out in the 90s.
              Putin explained why the authorities need Anatoly Chubais. 7 years ago.
              1. Akuzenka
                Akuzenka April 4 2021 22: 19
                +1
                Damn, but it doesn't make it easier for us.
              2. Sling cutter
                Sling cutter April 4 2021 22: 29
                +3
                Quote: Tatiana
                Seven years ago, during the Direct Line, Russian President Vladimir Putin answered the question of when Anatoly Chubais would leave power and spoke about the mistakes of the reforms of the 7s.

                One question remains: who would Putin be without Chubais's support?
            2. Akuzenka
              Akuzenka April 4 2021 22: 20
              0
              Zyuganov is a couple for Gorbachev. One field of berries.
            3. Sling cutter
              Sling cutter April 4 2021 23: 29
              +2
              Quote: Tatiana
              And the so-called. THE GOLD OF THE PARTY, which in nature was indeed revealed from corrupt officials, collected and returned to the country by Gdlyan, then disappeared from the country somewhere and has not yet been found

              Looking for? Mdyaya, Tatyana, there are explicit propagandists, like scum, jelly and a beaver lover, and there are hidden wink Do you think that a person in their right mind will believe your committed vidos? Well, let's say, then the question is, what kind of shisha is the bank "Russia" so beloved by the president and who are the founders of this bank?
              1. Tatyana
                Tatyana April 5 2021 00: 12
                +1
                Quote: Stroporez
                The question is, what kind of shisha is the Rossiya bank, so beloved by the president, and who are the founders of this bank?

                On 20 of December 1991, the State Bank of the USSR was abolished. All assets, liabilities and property of the USSR State Bank on the territory of the RSFSR were transferred to the Central Bank of the Russian Federation. A few months later, the Central Bank of the RSFSR (Bank of Russia) was renamed the Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Bank of Russia).

                The very first version of the law "On the Central Bank of the RSFSR (Bank of Russia)" was adopted on December 2 of 1990 of the year, after Yeltsin B.N. by a huge margin, he won the election and became the first president of Russia, and after six months of his presidency he signed Federal Law No. 1990-02.12.1990 of 394. The law was modified and supplemented, but in general its essence was preserved.

                The betrayal of the national sovereignty of the Russian Federation in the field of finance was laid down and reinforced in its very Constitution of the Russian Federation of December 12 1993, which was compiled under the EBN under the patronage of Washington.
                Officially, the authors of this colonial Constitution of the Russian Federation from the 1993 of the year were: Sergei Shakhrai, Anatoly Sobchak, Sergey Sergeyevich Alekseev and the Constitutional Meeting of the Russian Federation.
                The Constitution of the Russian Federation from 1993 of the year only consolidated the colonial position of the Russian Federation in this matter.

                As a result, we have colonial legislation in the country, which, it seems, is impossible under comprador power to abolish in any way peacefully.

                T.N. "GOLD OF THE PARTY" obtained as a result of Gdlyan's investigation disappeared not from the bins of the Bank of the RSFSR (Bank of Russia), but "smiled" - disappeared - from the material evidence of the investigation into the "Uzbek case". It is believed that it "sailed away" from the country abroad not just when Gorbachev was president of the USSR, but with his mediation and participation. And then the traces of the GOLD OF THE PARTY were allegedly covered by a strange series of suicides from the highest party apparatus of the CPSU during the GKChP.
              2. businessv
                businessv April 5 2021 20: 05
                +1
                Quote: Stroporez
                Well, let's say, then the question is, what kind of shisha is the bank "Russia" so beloved by the president and who are the founders of this bank?

                According to Forbes, the bank's main shareholders are Kovalchuk (40,3%), Nikolay Shamalov (10,4%), Mikhail Shelomov (2,3%) - their blocks of shares have been transferred to the trust management of ABR Management CJSC; Transoil CIS (7,87%), Severgroup (5,9%), Sergei Roldugin (3,26%), Accept LLC (3,2%), Relax LLC (2,99 %), NP Support for Entrepreneurial Initiatives (2,53%), Overpast-Invest LLC (7,086%) and Oberon Estate LLC (5,396%). In 2013, in the global ranking of billionaires according to Forbes, the main owner of the Rossiya bank, Yuri Kovalchuk, ranked 210th with a fortune of $ 1,4 billion.
            4. Nitochkin
              Nitochkin April 5 2021 05: 49
              +1
              "Look at the root!" K. Prutkov.
              Tatyana, are you sure that the so-called. Was the "Cotton Business" tasked with fighting corruption? Have you ever thought of another thought? For example, that Rashidov was eliminated under the flag of fighting corruption, who was one of those figures who could interfere with the plans of perestroika to collapse the USSR? Doesn't this remind you of the methods of the modern anti-corruption fighter, Fuhrer of rubber ducks Leha Navralny?
              Watch this video:

              Directly about "Cotton Business" from 48:25. But it is better to look first, tk. it will be said about where the legs of Perestroika grew from.
        2. Doccor18
          Doccor18 April 4 2021 10: 50
          +11
          Quote: Nikolai Ivanov_5
          ... then he's just an ordinary traitor.

          Where does he live ..?
          Where does he write, lecture at universities?
          Such people have no concepts of Motherland, home, honor, meaning of life, creation ...
          A life for a guaranteed bowl of delicious stew, a life of luxury ... And whoever offers it all, there will be a home and a homeland ...
      2. populist
        populist April 4 2021 09: 19
        +4
        Quote: lwxx
        Incompetent? There are thoughts that very competent

        Gorbachev was precisely an incompetent leader, cunning, but not smart. He was unable to foresee the results of his "reforms" and control their implementation.
        P.S. Gorbachev became a traitor already in the process of perestroika
        1. Vladimir Mashkov
          Vladimir Mashkov April 4 2021 12: 27
          +8
          Was it necessary to improve the USSR? Undoubtedly needed! But not like this stupid henpecked Humpback with his Raisa. It was necessary to improve the socialist construction skillfully and carefully, constantly looking around and checking what had been done. But for this, the opportunist-scoundrel, who later slipped into outright betrayal (they are not born traitors, but all traitors become their own way to betrayal), simply did not have enough brains, although he climbed to the highest post. He acted thoughtlessly, rudely and clumsily, destroying the USSR under a good pretext. We see something similar now in Ukraine. Not a hat for Senka!
          1. Akuzenka
            Akuzenka April 4 2021 22: 15
            +1
            Was it necessary to improve the USSR? Undoubtedly needed! But not like this stupid henpecked Humpback with his Raisa.
            Comrade Stalin also emphasized this question. Gorbachev did what he signed up for - betrayed. The question was not at all about the reformation. No wonder he celebrated his 80th birthday in London. In my opinion, and other arguments for betrayal are not necessary.
        2. Ross xnumx
          Ross xnumx April 4 2021 16: 32
          +7
          Quote: populist
          Gorbachev was precisely an incompetent leader, cunning, but not smart.

          Gorbachev was a populist, a person capable of chatting up an interlocutor (incompetent interlocutor). He lied smoothly, acted disgustingly. This puppet was not even aware of the consequences of her restructuring. It was during the era of his reign that the start of the accumulation of initial capital was given, which made it possible to move to Chubais's privatization under the EBN.
          Quote: populist
          Gorbachev became a traitor already in the process of perestroika

          Ugly Judas, who has no forgiveness. And he was awarded a medal precisely for the collapse of the USSR. Such people, regardless of age, should be hung on Red Square, in front of the Kremlin windows. To remember how the betrayal of their people ends.
          1. ANB
            ANB April 4 2021 23: 20
            +2
            ... Such people, regardless of age, should be hung on Red Square, in front of the windows of the Kremlin.

            The Kremlin has no windows. There's nowhere to hang on Red Square. Optimal on the Spasskaya Tower.
      3. Sahalinets
        Sahalinets April 4 2021 10: 56
        +5
        To me, he's just stupid. He grew up to the secretary general on empty speeches and licking the backside of Andropov, never seriously engaged in anything, and then it turned out that it was a delusional generator on legs.
      4. Akuzenka
        Akuzenka April 4 2021 22: 13
        +1
        He will not live to see the judgment of the earth. Let him in the next world get a hotter frying pan, but the devil is meaner.
    2. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine April 4 2021 09: 16
      +5
      Quote: Nikolay Ivanov_5
      The incompetent Gorbachev unbalanced the system and destroyed the country.

      Sorry if I correct the "traitor Gorbachev".
    3. Pilot
      Pilot April 4 2021 09: 23
      +16
      Quote: Nikolai Ivanov_5
      The incompetent Gorbachev unbalanced the system and destroyed the country.
      His followers are no better, they only know how to saw and divide among themselves. And they all come from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Komsomol who have ruined a great country, where do they know how these careerists and opportunists of the Brezhnev-Gorbachev spill, except to sell. That is why Russia is heading towards final collapse, foreigners have already launched their paws everywhere (lands, companies, banks, I am not talking about raw materials) to the trick of investments and technologies .. soft intervention under the sauce of embedding the country into the world market.
      1. paul3390
        paul3390 April 4 2021 09: 55
        +13
        "After 1953, nationalists and careerists-bribe-takers came to power on the ground in the USSR. Covered from the Kremlin. When the time comes, they will throw off their masks, throw away their membership cards and openly rule their counties like feudal lords and serf-owners ..." Mao .. The wise man was like looking into the water ..
      2. tatra
        tatra April 4 2021 10: 01
        +4
        The communists and their supporters are fundamentally different from the enemies of the communists in what they did, spoke and wrote. And what Gorbachev and the members of the CPSU who "saw the light" during Perestroika did, was only the enemies of the communists who could do, including the fact that for 30 years they cowardly blamed on the communists the responsibility for what they did themselves.
    4. Aleks tv
      Aleks tv April 4 2021 09: 47
      +3
      Quote: Nikolai Ivanov_5
      The incompetent Gorbachev unbalanced the system and destroyed the country.

      ??
      An empty populist who knew how to blow what was needed in the ears.
      The antler.
      Coward.
      Traitor.

      On the stake it belongs.
    5. seacap
      seacap April 4 2021 15: 31
      +6
      Quote: Nikolay Ivanov_5
      The incompetent Gorbachev unbalanced the system and destroyed the country.

      The wrong opinion, just those who are involved in this, who are still in power, continue to sleep softly and eat sweetly, those for whom the highest measure is crying and the devils are tired of waiting, traitors and perjurers, are trying to convince of this. Everything was done deliberately and purposefully, perfectly aware of the results of their actions, and now they themselves confirm this and do not hide it.
      1. Malyuta
        Malyuta April 4 2021 19: 51
        +4
        Quote: seacap
        The wrong opinion, just those who are involved in this, who are still in power, continue to sleep softly and eat sweetly, those for whom the highest measure is crying and the devils are tired of waiting, traitors and perjurers, are trying to convince of this. Everything was done deliberately and purposefully, perfectly aware of the results of their actions, and now they themselves confirm this and do not hide it.

        I completely agree with your comments, just want to note that the current government is the direct heir to Gorbachev's deeds.
  2. Ros 56
    Ros 56 April 4 2021 08: 54
    +4
    How much you can talk about this Judas.
  3. Xnumx vis
    Xnumx vis April 4 2021 09: 00
    +7
    Lost the people, ruined the USSR! A talented chatterbox. And now, due to the collapse of the USSR, the fraternal peoples are ready to fight each other ... Yes, and they are killing each other ... This is who laid the terrible destructive power of the mine under our life ...
    1. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee April 4 2021 09: 13
      +9
      A troika raced across the country:
      Alka, Raika, perestroika!
      So "accelerated", we still can't stop!
      1. Mordvin 3
        Mordvin 3 April 4 2021 10: 14
        +3
        Quote: Uncle Lee
        A troika raced across the country:
        Alka, Raika, perestroika!

        They announced a restructuring
        What a thing!
        And the three rushed loudly:
        Swan, cancer and pike!
    2. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine April 4 2021 09: 21
      +10
      Quote: 30 vis
      Lost the people, ruined the USSR! A talented chatterbox.

      If he were alone, the USSR would still exist. But together with him worked an organized group of traitors "Prometheists" under the leadership of specialists from the United States.
      1. Andy-1970
        Andy-1970 April 4 2021 13: 12
        +5
        Yakovleva A.N., Ligacheva E.K. and the dove of peace Shevardnadze E.A. for the company with Chebrikov V.M. and Kryuchkov V.A. I will never forget. The entire composition of the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee after 1987 is national traitors.
        1. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine April 4 2021 17: 34
          +3
          Quote: Andy-1970
          Yakovleva A.N., Ligacheva E.K. and the dove of peace Shevardnadze E.A. for the company with Chebrikov V.M. and Kryuchkov V.A. I will never forget.

          So they were all united by the main "Prometheist" Yakovlev, although he remained in the shadows, having given the supreme post to Gorbachev. Gorbachev's name has become a common noun for the people, but "Yakovlev and So." this fate has passed.
          1. Andy-1970
            Andy-1970 April 5 2021 00: 54
            +1
            I agree. Yakovlev A.N. developed and covered schemes for the withdrawal of the party fund and its conversion into foreign assets, registered in the name of proxies of Gorby's entourage. In order to increase its administrative resource and thus provide a cover for the operation, the gold reserves of the USSR were used, and Yakovlev A.N. was transferred to the post of the finally lying Ligachev E.K. as the second secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU for ideology and personnel and led the campaign to purge the party apparatus. Moreover, according to individual researchers of that period, thousands of then employees of the first, second and other central administrations of the USSR KGB, GRU General Staff and law enforcement agencies of the USSR were involved in the implementation of this operation under the leadership of the International Department of the CPSU Central Committee (Falin, Brutents). It turns out that Yakovlev A.N. He simply made a criminal deal with Gorby, became, how to say, his "junior partner" in view of the planned large-scale privatization of Russian state property and was not just Gorby's executive creature, but a real puppeteer for many actors of the nineties, including B.A. Berezovsky, who directly implemented a large-scale plan for the privatization of the most liquid state property and its withdrawal, as well as the cash flows generated by it into offshore jurisdictions, that is, in fact, the creation of an offshore empire based on the economic assets of the former RSFSR, which in 1993 was granted by these national traitors "Kanistutsiya", which consolidated the external control of the new mandated territory by the "hegemon". I believe that the true role and functions of Yakovlev A.N. in the course of the implementation of this special operation, which Gorby / Yakovlev could carry out only with the most extensive operational and analytical support of the special services of the "partners in the new brave world", must be disclosed and published. Although, of course, there is too much honor for this tsek rat.
          2. Andy-1970
            Andy-1970 April 5 2021 01: 22
            +1
            Yesterday Pushkov sounded a thesis from the camp of partners that "they created a system, invested in it, what other rules do you have?" The shareholders of the greengrocer's trust are already awaiting their dividends.
  4. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins April 4 2021 09: 00
    +11
    And I remember those times very well. Apparently, adolescent memory is stronger than the current one.
    I remember the high spirits of adults, the louder conversations in the kitchens, TV programs. Do you remember "Reorganization Searchlight"?
    And it’s how it turned out ....
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine April 4 2021 09: 25
      +9
      Quote: Leader of the Redskins
      Do you remember "Reorganization Searchlight"?

      Kashpirovsky, Mavrodi and his MMM.
    2. dauria
      dauria April 4 2021 16: 39
      +3
      And I remember those times very well.


      Still would. After the April 85 plenum at the customs of Termez, instead of four bottles of vodka, only two were allowed to be transported. laughing
      Do not blame everything on Humpback, even though he is a creature. Rot, opportunists of the CPSU and "ours and ours" have already been. In the nat. the outskirts are generally awful. This system has devoured itself.
      1. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine April 5 2021 08: 48
        0
        Quote: dauria
        In the nat. the outskirts are generally awful. This system has devoured itself.


        This was exactly the main idea of ​​"Prometheus".
  5. pyagomail.ru
    pyagomail.ru April 4 2021 09: 09
    +7
    I remember those times - at first there was enthusiasm, a kind of "wind of change", something new after the half-dead Chernenko, even some of my friends joined the party: "Who, if not us ..." But very soon first confusion, then rejection, "bird-talker"., coupons for food, "Pavlovsky" money exchange. On the other hand, was there an alternative? Changes, reforms were needed, someone cites China as an example, but in order for Russia to turn into China, Xi Jingping and the Chinese were needed (we are, after all, different).
    1. Sergej1972
      Sergej1972 April 4 2021 09: 22
      +7
      Xi Jingping is not the author of reforms, they are his predecessors Deng Xiaoping and partly
      Jiang Zemin, as well as such figures as Li Peng and several others.
      1. pyagomail.ru
        pyagomail.ru April 4 2021 09: 33
        +4
        Quote: Sergej1972
        Xi Jingping is not the author of reforms, they are his predecessors Deng Xiaoping and partly
        Jiang Zemin, as well as such figures as Li Peng and several others.

        I agree, I thought about Deng Xiaoping, but wrote about the current leader of China
    2. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine April 4 2021 09: 30
      +3
      Quote: pyagomail.ru
      I needed Xi Jingping and the Chinese (we are, after all, different).

      Rather Deng Xiao Ping and the Communist Party of China
    3. napalm
      napalm April 5 2021 08: 04
      0
      Can an elephant be wrapped in a newspaper? It is possible if Gorbachev's speech is printed there. A joke from those times. Burn in the hell of this creature.
  6. apro
    apro April 4 2021 09: 11
    -16%
    The results of Gorbachev's perestroika continue to make themselves felt to this day throughout the post-Soviet space.

    For some, some are very happy with the results and do not consider it a disaster but a time of opportunity.
    The destruction of the Soviet civilizational project contributed to the revival of the Russian civilization project, which fully reflected the attitude of Russians to their future, incompatible with communist attitudes, both for a person, and for society, and revealed the potential of the Russian people to the full extent, which we are seeing today. of everyday life. on TV screens and the Internet. according to general indicators in the economy ...
    1. Gardamir
      Gardamir April 4 2021 09: 29
      +14
      revealed the potential of the Russian people to the fullest, which we see today in everyday life, on TV screens and the Internet, according to general indicators in the economy ...
      it's sarcasm? For example, I observe
      Russia will create a law to facilitate the legalization of violating migrants

      You do not like the Soviet civilization project, I am not delighted with the federal one.
      1. apro
        apro April 4 2021 09: 39
        -13%
        Quote: Gardamir
        it's sarcasm?

        No, Gardamir is not sarcasm. It is a stupid statement of fact. During the years of Soviet power, they could not create a civilized society with communist principles, against the principles of which the population acted because of their organization and perception of life. The presence of stable skills and knowledge of social life.
        Quote: Gardamir
        You don't like the Soviet civilization project,

        Here the question is not. to like it. not like it. and the question of whether the majority of the population consciously accepts the Soviet civilizational project, it turned out not.
        1. Mordvin 3
          Mordvin 3 April 4 2021 10: 38
          +11
          Quote: apro
          No. Gardamir. This is not sarcasm. This is a stupid statement of fact.

          Quote: apro
          contributed to the revival of the Russian civilization project, which fully reflected the attitude of Russians to their future.

          The fact is, there is no future for Russians in Russia. Soon we will all walk under different Asians-Caucasians. And try to touch them, they will instantly announce the Nazis. And if in the USSR, specifically in the city where I live, except at the bazaar the Georgians sold watermelons, and the gypsies lived in the forest, in a tent, now at every step the nerus is hanging around.
          1. apro
            apro April 4 2021 10: 57
            -4
            Quote: Mordvin 3
            The fact is, Russians have no future in Russia.

            This is a conscious choice of Russians, which is confirmed by elections to state and municipal structures.
            1. Mordvin 3
              Mordvin 3 April 4 2021 10: 59
              +6
              Quote: apro
              This is a conscious choice of Russians, which is confirmed by elections to state and municipal structures.

              Choosing to become slaves? Here, lick their boots. But without me.
              1. apro
                apro April 4 2021 11: 20
                +1
                Quote: Mordvin 3
                Choosing to become slaves? Here, lick their boots. But without me.

                Your right. I am not concerned with this either. I am not Russian. I am Soviet. I consider the bourgeois elections a fraudulent scheme. I do not participate and I do not advise others.
        2. Russian jacket
          Russian jacket April 4 2021 12: 02
          +1
          Apro, I agree with you. But this also happened because of the way the bulk of the population now perceive stability. As a given, that it has always been. Even then, the people did not appreciate what they had, they wanted even better, which was fueled by jazz, chewing gum and jeans. As a result, applause for the hunchback, joy at the execution of the Supreme Council. Well, then the first Chechen one, coupled with inflation, opened their eyes, but it was too late.
    2. tatra
      tatra April 4 2021 10: 06
      +5
      And what is the result of the capture of the RSFSR / Russia by the enemies of the communists? And such that no matter how hard you try to slander the USSR, and especially Stalin, their popularity among the Russian people is only growing.
      1. apro
        apro April 4 2021 10: 21
        -6
        Quote: tatra
        their popularity among the Russian people is only growing.

        Are the Russians communists?
        1. tatra
          tatra April 4 2021 10: 49
          +5
          What a stupid answer? And it is an axiom that the USSR is the BEST State for Russia and the Russian people than RI was, and the anti-communist RF has become.
          1. apro
            apro April 4 2021 10: 55
            -4
            Quote: tatra
            What a stupid answer?

            This is not an answer. This is a question.
            Quote: tatra
            And it is an axiom that the USSR is the BEST State

            Who argues, but the question for whom? For conscious citizens. Or qualified consumers. Russian identity is not communist. But like any national. The main task is to put personal interests above everything else.
            1. tatra
              tatra April 4 2021 11: 00
              -1
              Ha, you wrote a comment to me and clicked the reply button. This is called a response. And without meaningless verbiage you are able to refute the fact that the USSR is a better state for Russia and the Russian people than the Republic of Ingushetia and the Russian Federation?
              1. apro
                apro April 4 2021 11: 23
                -2
                Quote: tatra
                You are able to refute the fact that the USSR is the best state for Russia and the Russian people,

                And what is there to refute. For me, Russian self-consciousness is not communist, but the exact opposite.
                1. tatra
                  tatra April 4 2021 11: 32
                  0
                  Ha, what kind of "self-consciousness" is this among the Russian enemies of the communists? Well, strain yourself, give out at least something adequate, except for senseless verbiage.
                  1. apro
                    apro April 4 2021 11: 51
                    -1
                    Quote: tatra
                    Ha, what kind of "self-consciousness" does the Russian enemies of the communists have?

                    Ordinary, privately owned.
      2. Pilot
        Pilot April 4 2021 10: 24
        +2
        The popularity of Stalin is really high, only popularity alone is not enough - such people are needed, and everyone has little guts. Many call themselves communists and continue to skerry through holes and the Internet or engage in comfortable and safe (permitted) criticism from cozy and profitable parliamentary seats, portraying the left opposition. An empty conversation, people like Stalin today simply were not born and did not become steeled in a difficult struggle that they do not wage ..
        1. tatra
          tatra April 4 2021 10: 52
          0
          You, the enemies of the communists, and your benefactor Putin -Fear the real opposition. So, as soon as you saw the rapidly growing popularity of the candidate from the “left” opposition, Grudinin, before Putin's last "elections", you attacked him with all your malice and slander.
          1. Pilot
            Pilot April 4 2021 10: 58
            +4
            You Irina, apparently because of your age, is already bad at thinking and you have confused me with someone. Well, nothing, I'm not offended, I understand ..
            1. tatra
              tatra April 4 2021 11: 02
              +1
              I think well, so I call all those who are spiteful against the communists enemies of the communists, including members of the Communist Party, General Vlasov, Gorbachev, Yeltsin, Putin.
              1. Pilot
                Pilot April 4 2021 11: 12
                +6
                And I call these things by their proper names - careerists and opportunists. I never said a bad word against the real communists who conquered and rebuilt the country. Only there are no such people, they were crushed!
                1. tatra
                  tatra April 4 2021 11: 18
                  +3
                  Agree . Let's put up?
                  1. Pilot
                    Pilot April 4 2021 11: 20
                    +4
                    So I did not quarrel with you. smile drinks hi
          2. Russian jacket
            Russian jacket April 4 2021 12: 07
            +4
            Take an interest in Grudinin's business partners. Everything will fall into place. Yes, and dad siu long ago surpassed Brezhnev in terms of longevity in office. And he, like few, did everything to show the true face of the so-called communists. A communist - a millionaire or a billionaire, sounds like a twofold coupled with the name of the party.
            1. Ross xnumx
              Ross xnumx April 4 2021 16: 44
              0
              Quote: Russian quilted jacket
              sounds in conjunction with the name of the party in two ways.

              Zyuganov, coupled with his approach, has not been in the compartment for a long time. He showed his face in 1996. Nothing better than Zhirinovsky, and his ability to reason and speak is not suitable for him to hold a candle. One can feel the "VPSh" and work in the Central Committee of the CPSU.
              1. Russian jacket
                Russian jacket April 4 2021 17: 04
                +1
                I am sorry for the mistake. Without checking the comment posted.
          3. Lyuba1965_01
            Lyuba1965_01 April 4 2021 20: 17
            0
            Muddy Grudinin opposition?
            Isn't that funny to you?
            Can you imagine a millionaire who will give his millions to the people and work for the good of the people?
            And, apparently, this Grudinin is not so white and fluffy.
            His program is a laughing matter for chickens, sheer populism.
            He did not even substantiate where he will get money for all his projects.
            And the way he "forgot" to indicate his next bank account at the garnitsa speaks volumes.
  7. Chief Engineer
    Chief Engineer April 4 2021 09: 15
    +7
    All the reforms introduced by Gorbachev were fatal for the Soviet state and he and his entourage could not fail to know this. Private property, commercial activities, "market relations" are incompatible with the socialist economy.
    1. apro
      apro April 4 2021 09: 22
      -7
      Quote: Chief Engineer
      All reforms introduced by Gorbachev were fatal for the Soviet state

      These are the consequences. And the main reform of Kosygin Lieberman, which started it all., Is taken as an example. Of highly efficient management. The concept of profit killed the socialist economy. The Gorbats are already just a gravedigger of the USSR.
  8. Boris55
    Boris55 April 4 2021 09: 21
    +3
    By the end of the summer of 1989, the Soviet Union entered a deep socio-economic and political crisis.

    Himself ?!
    In the World, nothing happens by itself. Each event has a first and last name.

    Socio-economic ?!
    There was no economic crisis. There was a "mediocre" management.
    Before the perestroika canned food, 10 years after the perestroika, the grandmothers were trading in the crossings.

    Political crisis ?!
    Any party strives for superiority and destruction of competing parties, and its leader - for unlimited individual power, which leads to the degradation of the party, and if this party becomes the head of the state, then such a state is doomed to collapse.

    Since 1952, there were practically no Bolsheviks left in the party, they no longer had an advantage in votes on various issues (decisions in the party were made by a majority vote). Power passed to the Trotskyists. This event was marked by the renaming of the party from the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), where the Bolsheviks were present in the abbreviation, to the CPSU, where there was no longer any mention of the Bolsheviks. Thus, the Trotskyist leadership of the USSR announced to the whole world - we are our own, we are bourgeois ...

    Khrushchev tried by force (they shot the workers and not only in Novocherkachka) to attach the country to the tail of the West (we will catch up and overtake America). It didn't work out on a swoop. Let's go the other way.

    During the reign of Brezhnev, alcohol consumption increased 10 times.

    Gorbachev announced perestroika, but did not explain what he meant by this term. As a result, some began to work twice as much, while others - to steal three times as much. The latter won.

    That's where it is.
    1. paul3390
      paul3390 April 4 2021 10: 02
      +11
      Since 1952, there are practically no Bolsheviks left in the party

      Not left because the majority of literate and devoted to the idea of ​​the Bolsheviks - died in the Second World War .. The party then lost about 4 million .. For the real Bolsheviks - considered it their duty to be the first to stand on machine guns from the trenches. How else? Otherwise they could not. Here is the result ..
  9. Sergej1972
    Sergej1972 April 4 2021 09: 25
    +4
    There was a shortage of many goods, but there was no sharp rise in prices in 1991, the author confuses it with 1992. The prices were high in cooperative cafes and restaurants.
    1. tatra
      tatra April 4 2021 10: 12
      +3
      During Perestroika, the enemies of the communists have already begun what continues for 30 years - their enrichment at the expense of the country and the people, their impudent, demonstrative slander against the Bolshevik communists with automatic justification of the crimes of their external and internal enemies, their praise of the strictly last Russian monarch with ravings about " Russia, which fed the whole world "before the communists, and already in Perestroika began huge inflation, but then this was compensated by the rapid growth of wages and pensions, therefore it was not particularly noticeable.
    2. Ross xnumx
      Ross xnumx April 4 2021 16: 52
      +1
      Quote: Sergej1972
      The prices were high in cooperative cafes and restaurants.

      Therefore, it is difficult to call it cooperation. Speculation based on the resale of goods purchased at the state price. Yes, that we do not remember this clumsy service with the hands that just scratched the ass in the back room? Or these pubs with "exorbitant" products?
      I remember how back in the late 70s such cooperation flourished on the Black Sea coast.
  10. Alien From
    Alien From April 4 2021 09: 27
    +6
    It's better not to remember the marked AT ALL am
  11. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 April 4 2021 09: 36
    +3
    With perestroika, they began for health, they ended after the repose. Anti-alcohol company, vodka did not diminish. It just went into sale to private owners. For a good life, money was sent to the police, to shops and warehouses. Almost every store director considered a state store to be his cooperative. went up the chain. Cooperatives, those who could get to the bottom of the state money, with the same kitchen, went up. That is how the capital was created for the destruction of the country.
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 April 4 2021 10: 56
      +1
      Quote: tralflot1832
      Anti-alcoholic company, vodka has not decreased.

      It has become, it has become. And the sugar was gone, and they made moonshine from caramels.
      1. tralflot1832
        tralflot1832 April 4 2021 11: 29
        +1
        Well, this is in your region. You take vodka at a cooperative point, it is twice as expensive as in a store, though they didn’t give more than two, so that you take a little more girl, total 4 pieces. You wind up delivery to the cooperative price, traveled around the city for half an hour or even You come to the store again, take 2 pieces, 70 rubles profit. You can fill a full tank of 1 ruble and 30 rubles remains. The boys dabbled in this before going fishing or just to nature. It was terrible in 92, everything is there but there is no money. But they also got out of this situation
        1. Mordvin 3
          Mordvin 3 April 4 2021 11: 38
          +1
          Quote: tralflot1832
          You take vodka at a cooperative point, it is twice as expensive

          Uh-huh. Fuck it to me at a cooperative price. And it could have been done even better. Submit an application to the registry office, and receive two boxes at the state price.
          1. tralflot1832
            tralflot1832 April 4 2021 11: 43
            +1
            And this passed with the registry office. And when the soul sings, the price of vodka does not matter, after all, it is a port city. About the Lobotryaz store, you can not mention it.
  12. Free wind
    Free wind April 4 2021 09: 39
    +6
    One pretzel destroyed the country. One not clever ruined a great country. Where was everyone? At one time, the omnipotent Trotsky, Beria, Malenkov, Khrushchev were removed. And then suddenly, well, I didn’t. And no matter what, many with epaulettes suddenly hit the business. Can you remind the lake about the figure with the cooperative?
  13. sergo1914
    sergo1914 April 4 2021 09: 40
    +8
    So many years have passed, and this face is still disgusting. What is wrong with me?
  14. Van 16
    Van 16 April 4 2021 09: 48
    +4
    I will not say anything about the plans, and the results can only be called catastrophic.
  15. Gardamir
    Gardamir April 4 2021 09: 49
    +6
    I do not understand why they are scolding Gorbachev. After all, if the current government, which everyone praises. awarded Gorbachev with the order, so everything is fine.
    After all, if it were not for Gorbachev there would be no cars in the yards, there would be no northern stream and the power of siberia. There would be no Crimean bridge. And there was no Crimeanash either. And the physical education teacher VV would have already retired.
    It was thanks to Gorbachev that the genius of the great Yeltsin cut off the country 404 from Russia. And if it were not for Gorbachev, the tochiks and ozbeks would not wander in herds in Russian cities.
    1. tatra
      tatra April 4 2021 10: 19
      +1
      And this is the essence of the enemies of the communists. Firstly, they have no feeling of gratitude at all, and secondly, they are all the same mental traitors as Gorbachev. Therefore, if the leader of the October Revolution, Lenin, all these 103 years after the October Revolution had and still has a huge number of supporters, then the enemies of the Communists have long betrayed the leader of their anti-communist counter-revolution Gorbachev, thanks to whom they seized the USSR, and had boasting 30 years, as they all "and now it is better than in the USSR", tossed him to the communists and their supporters "but he is not ours, he is your communist."
    2. Lyuba1965_01
      Lyuba1965_01 April 4 2021 20: 21
      +2
      There would be no Crimeanash, you are right. Because Crimea was already ours, Soviet, part of the USSR.
  16. Gardamir
    Gardamir April 4 2021 09: 53
    +10

    with such support it will trample for a long time ...
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 April 4 2021 10: 53
      +3
      Quote: Gardamir
      with such support it will trample for a long time ...

      Che that pidzhachishko is too small for the FSO officer. Is there not enough Russian salary in Germany?
      1. Anatole Klim
        Anatole Klim April 4 2021 11: 31
        +3
        Quote: Mordvin 3
        Che that pidzhachishko is too small for an employee of the FSO

        There, under his jacket and shirt, he has either a super armor vest, or some kind of equipment, but some kind of switch sticks out of his left sleeve, is it really a liquidator, if the ward is kidnapped recourse
  17. Blacksmith 55
    Blacksmith 55 April 4 2021 09: 57
    +6
    Writing is certainly possible and necessary, but I would not put a photo, I feel sick looking at him.
  18. Konnick
    Konnick April 4 2021 10: 03
    +4
    I remember ....
    I remember the city authorities hung up the slogan at the plant - "Acceleration of scientific and technological progress is long-term party policy "
  19. Alex_You
    Alex_You April 4 2021 10: 04
    -5
    It is not clear why all the dogs are hanged on Gorbachev, everything went to that. Gorbach simply accelerated the agony.
  20. nikvic46
    nikvic46 April 4 2021 10: 18
    +5
    There are people who have not been interesting to me for a long time, including the former General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, the President of the USSR. All these titles are important for those whom he promoted all the way to the Kremlin. It so happened for a long time that we love to scold the departed leaders. And it turns out, even under socialism, we were not able to eradicate the usual servility. What can we say now about this?
  21. parusnik
    parusnik April 4 2021 10: 31
    +7
    We wanted the best, but it turned out as always (c) smile However, it has not become better now.
    1. apro
      apro April 4 2021 11: 52
      -2
      Quote: parusnik
      We wanted the best, but it turned out as always (c)

      The main thing is that everyone agreed.
  22. iouris
    iouris April 4 2021 12: 25
    +3
    Gorby had no idea. Gorby is a tool like a shovel.
  23. Jaromir
    Jaromir April 4 2021 12: 26
    +9
    Gorbachev's plans and the results of reforms

    The plan for the humpback and Yakovlev was the same, the collapse of the country and the destruction of Soviet power. The result, at that time, completely satisfied the enemies of the USSR.
  24. Lister
    Lister April 4 2021 15: 34
    +4
    Gorbachev's plans and the results of reforms

    During 6 years of being in power, Judah-Gorbachev made all his plans a reality.
  25. seacap
    seacap April 4 2021 15: 56
    +3
    There is no greater sin, greater baseness, more terrible crime in the history of all civilization than what this individual and company committed, perjury, active assistance to the enemy in the destruction of his state and his people, betraying and leaving friends and allies to death and enslavement, and in direct sense of the word, destroying all the conquests of our great ancestors from the 17th century. All of them, having monetized the power, created an estate inherited society, organized a plunder of the country and people unprecedented in the history of mankind, continue to eat sweetly and softly sleep, cynically teaching us how to live on "macaroshkas" and teach children on TV. In my opinion, the layman, the leadership of the country by its actions and laws is more like an occupation (colonial) administration, blindly, unquestioningly, contrary to common sense, carrying out the orders of the overseas metropolis to destroy competition and clean up territories from the population than to a national government. Including this person will remain in the memory of our peoples (if they still remain) on a par with Judas, False Dmitry, Vlasov, etc., which, in comparison with this individual (I cannot name it normally, I have already banned), children are unreasonable.
  26. seacap
    seacap April 4 2021 15: 58
    +2
    Quote: Gardamir
    with such support it will trample for a long time ...

    spoil the air, rather
  27. phair
    phair April 4 2021 16: 18
    +1
    He is a purulent informal LGBT representative ... It is not realistic to meet him in Vladivostok, he would have gotten away from me.
  28. Fedor Severny
    Fedor Severny April 4 2021 19: 57
    -1
    Restructuring in the Soviet Union was necessary, just as now there is a need for restructuring in the States and world restructuring, which is what is happening. And what is more important, along with the formal restructuring, a "spiritual revolution" is going on and will continue for a long time, following the concentration camp digitalization. Gorbachev felt the general trend, so he was and remained in his faith, and is still alive. Formally, Gorbachev was, of course, a traitor, in fact incompetent, but there were no competent people in the ruling stratum. They were destroyed in advance and dispersed as a foreign substance; the whole apparatus worked for this. Therefore, again, - "we wanted the best, but it turned out as always."
    This omits the significant role of bribery, sabotage and special operations of the West. One 5-year wiretapping of the central information cable in Moscow was worth a lot.
    But you cannot forgive Gorbachev for this, just as you cannot forgive your stupidity, this is ridiculous.
    And in the Yeltsin Center there should be a museum of truth, a mockery of common sense, laws and people.
  29. nov_tech.vrn
    nov_tech.vrn April 5 2021 12: 56
    +2
    Well, he's not dead a little. From his first step, the deception during the entry into the ranks of the CPSU of the young Misha showed him as a real unscrupulous opportunist and a swindler. All his further steps in the end confirmed these his abilities.
  30. edelweiss968
    edelweiss968 April 9 2021 13: 02
    +2
    Humpback is a product of a negative selection system. along with him, those who were part of the team recruited by the chairman of the KGB Andropov came to the heights of power. This is Shevardnadze, who became the Minister of Foreign Affairs and who donated the islands and the water area of ​​the Bering Sea to us, before that, the first in the USSR to adopt a law on the functioning of languages ​​back in 1977, according to which the process of squeezing out Russian-speakers from power in the localities began. and if initially, before the rise to the top of power between them there were frictions over shadow finance - and Georgia and the Stavropol Territory, as a whole, all the outskirts had a great potential of shadow workers, unbuckling the tops in time, there was a period when Georgian shop workers began to move to the Stavropol Territory, respectively Georgian "comrades" had a base, but then the friction went away, they became players of the same team. Everyone else also had their skeletons in the closet.
    restructuring was not needed, cleaning was needed, but there were no those who could organize and carry out it - the system rotted from the inside. local lawlessness was going on based on nepotism, community and supported by the finances of both the shadow economy and corruption schemes for the distribution of funds.
    fire measures were insufficient as locally everything was bought, then sold, and bought again, but at a lower price. during operations, it came to the point that the detainees with evidence were released by local representatives of law enforcement officers half an hour after they were handed over to them.
    Participated in the events in the KZakVO from 1988 to May 1989 and later, from 1991 to May 1992.in the events of the fall of 1989 in the MSSR and continued there in 92
  31. edelweiss968
    edelweiss968 April 9 2021 13: 54
    +1
    about incompetence - on the contrary, everything was read in advance and was not spontaneous. weapons seized during the search, in their original packaging, in conservation - when checked, they turned out to be burned down 10 years before they were found in the warehouse of the border detachment! one day of "work" of protesters in Armenia:
    to stand with the new "old" flag - 5 rubles, shout at a rally - 10 rubles, sit with friends at the post on the highway -20 rubles, food, smoke, intoxicants - free of charge, throw a stone into a car with the wrong numbers - the stakes went up even higher. and so it was in all cases.
    about "it did not work out" - everything worked out, except that they could not ensure the nuclear-free status of Russia, otherwise it would have been torn apart into a bunch of bantustans.