Military Review

The occupation of Adjara in the 1950s - a myth or a bluff?

36

“The eternal dreams of the Turks:

destroy half of the Russian human potential,
capture territories, including the Caucasus. "

From the statement of the USSR Permanent Representative to the UN Andrei Vyshinsky
Izvestia, October 28, 1947

The art of the possible


The pro-Russian Transcaucasia has always attracted not only Turks, but also their patrons. The difficult internal political situation in the USSR in the last years of Stalin's rule pushed Ankara to develop a number of invasion plans.

The most real among them was the seizure of Adjarian Batumi, and then the Georgian Poti - the most important Soviet ports in the southeast of the Black Sea region. A special time was chosen for the invasion - when the Mingrelian case was launched in 1951-1953. (for more details see What is the connection between the murder of Stalin and the Mingrelian case), which caused serious fermentation, and not only in Georgia.

The old idea of ​​settling in the far corner of the Black Sea was made even more tempting by the real prospect of cutting the strategic transcaucasian oil pipeline Baku-Agstafa-Tbilisi-Khashuri-Batumi. And to do this together with the USA and NATO.

Even on the eve of the Great Patriotic War, together with the British and French troops, and then already during the war years, Turkish plans against the USSR of 1940-1943 directly provided for the occupation of Batumi and the whole of Adjara. Ankara took into account the fact that Batumi is located only 25 km from the Turkish-Soviet border, and the fact that the Black Sea Muslims - Ajarians will support the return of the region to Turkey.

At the same time, the Soviet troops, as Turkish strategists hoped in 1942, would not be able to defend the region due to the powerful onslaught of the Wehrmacht on the Volga and the North Caucasus. Such plans were also discussed during the visits of the leadership of the Turkish General Staff in 1941-1943. in the location of the German troops on the Eastern Front.

The Turkish guests with ostentatious generosity presented food and medical gift sets for the German military (Fuhrer's Caucasian Gambit). But then it didn't happen ...

The art of the impossible


At the turn of the 40s - 50s, Turkish plans were revived within the framework of Turkey's military-political alliance with the United States and NATO. Turkey has become a member of the North Atlantic bloc since February 1952. According to the Soviet counterintelligence and the Ministry of State Security, the then planned "Mingrelian coup" in Georgia was directly related to the same plans.


So, according to the decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) of November 9, 1951 "On bribery in Georgia and on the anti-party group of comrade Baramia" - Mingrel, then second secretary of the Georgian party Central Committee:

"The Mingrelian nationalist group of comrade Baramia is pursuing the goal of seizing the most important posts in the party and state apparatus of Georgia and nominating the Mingrelians for them."

There, further, the identified connection between the Baramia group and the pro-American Georgian emigration is noted:

“As you know, the Georgian political emigration in Paris serves the American intelligence service with its espionage information about the situation in Georgia.

Recently, American intelligence began to give preference to espionage information from Gegechkori (Mingrel, a politician of the Russian Empire (in 1918-1921) and independent Georgia, head of its “emigrant” government in the first half of the 50s).

But the Gegechkori espionage and intelligence organization consists exclusively of Mingrelians. "

These plans are huge


Meanwhile, it was in 1949-1952. Soviet counterintelligence often found "pro-Turkish" proclamations in Adjara about the need to "reunite" Adjara with Turkey. But in the same period, the scientific and historical-literary media of Georgia began to publish materials about the ethno-linguistic conjugation of the Mingrelians and the Turks, about the need

"Deeper study"

Mingrelian stories and culture.

They also remembered the oppression of the Mingrelians. And not only in tsarist Russia. But also in the first half of the 1930s. That is, at a time when the leadership of Georgia was headed

"Henchmen of the Trotskyite-Zinoviev bloc of spies and saboteurs."

Obviously, such publications were encouraged by the same Baramiya group, which the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks (Bolsheviks) justifiably accused on November 9, 1951 of anti-Soviet Mingrelian nationalism.

The plans to invade the USSR in the days of the "Mingrelian affair" have a lot of evidence. And not only documentaries.

Thus, the Armenian underground organizations of avengers for the genocide (1948-1952) informed the Soviet side about the preparation of military warehouses, radio intelligence points, helipads and other facilities near the Turkish border with Adjara, where military from the United States were frequent guests.

The underground Communist Party of Turkey and Kurdish guerrillas reported the same.

But in the same period, not far from Adjara, military maneuvers of Turkish troops were regularly carried out. And many Turkish media have launched a campaign that

"It's time to remember"

about the Russian rejection of Batumi and Adjara from Turkey in 1878.

In addition, since the middle of 1947, pan-Turkic and anti-Soviet proclamations have been actively penetrating Ajaria, Azerbaijan, Meskhetia (southwestern Georgia, from where the Meskhetian Turks were evicted in 1943–1944).

Vyshinsky denounces


In connection with such a complex anti-Sovietism of Ankara, the political administration of the Soviet troops in Bulgaria sent on April 9, 1947 to the International Information Department of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) the information "On the political situation in Turkey at the beginning of 1947"

This document noted that

“The Turkish government, in addition to maintaining a large army, conducts a number of military mobilization activities, inspires and supports the evil propaganda against the USSR and Bulgaria.

The authorities are carrying out a partial evacuation of the population from Kars and Ardahan bordering the USSR, explaining this by some kind of "growing danger from the Soviet Union."
("Information summary on the political situation in Turkey at the beginning of 1947, 09.04.1947/17/128", RGASPI, f.1115, op. XNUMX, d. XNUMX).

The occupation of Adjara in the 1950s - a myth or a bluff?
Andrey Vyshinsky - Prosecutor, Permanent Representative to the UN, Head of the USSR Foreign Ministry

Soon the Soviet side called things by their proper names, directly accusing Turkey of preparing an invasion of the USSR. Moreover, this was announced by the USSR Ambassador to the UN A.Ya. Vyshinsky at a meeting of the UN General Assembly polycommittee on October 24, 1947:

“On December 2, 1941, the Nazi Ministry of Foreign Affairs informed the Nazi generals about the Turks preaching the idea of ​​independent, or at least outwardly independent, Turkic state formations in Crimea, the North Caucasus, Azerbaijan, and in both of the latter - as parts of the“ Caucasian state ”, including Batumi and Adjara ”.
(Izvestia, 1947, October 28).

Clearly, a war was brewing in relations with Turkey. In such a situation, the leadership of the USSR ordered the final "cleanse" of the Turks from the entire Soviet Black Sea region. On April 4, 1949, the Politburo of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) adopted a resolution "On the eviction of Turkish citizens, stateless Turks, and former Turkish citizens accepted into Soviet citizenship, living on the Black Sea coast and in the Caucasus."

That was done

“In connection with their, for the most part, parasitism and participation in the dissemination of pan-Turkist and anti-Soviet propaganda.

And they were sent very far away - especially to the Tomsk region. "
(RGASPI, f.17, op.162, d.40).

Courage in Turkish


Ankara understood that any military provocations in the Adjarian sector of the border and, moreover, the invasion of Adjara would be followed by an immediate response from the USSR. And, most likely, so large-scale that it will affect the entire vast territory of Eastern Turkey. But, feeling support behind their backs, they bluffed to the last.

Moscow in 1945-1952 regularly demanded the return to Armenia and Georgia of the territories transferred to Turkey in 1920-1921, and suspended (until February 1953 inclusive) the operation of the Soviet-Turkish treaties of 1920-1921. Variants of a military operation in eastern Turkey were already ready in the event of a maximum aggravation of relations.


And even the leaders of the "new" party regional committees in the same region were appointed. This scenario was also facilitated by the fact that until 1952, when Turkey was admitted to NATO, the level of its military cooperation with the United States and NATO could not ensure a successful counteraction to the Soviet invasion.

But the current situation was aggravated by the fact that American radio intelligence points from the middle of 1948 were established not far from the borders of Turkey with Georgia and Armenia.

And the USSR Embassy in Turkey on December 17, 1949 reported to the Soviet Foreign Ministry about:

“More active anti-Soviet actions and events of“ public ”emigre organizations in Turkey of Adjarians, Abkhazians, Azerbaijanis, Meskhetians, Circassians, Chechens, who call for the“ restoration ”of Turkish sovereignty in Ajaria and Nakhichevan, to support some“ groups ”there, advocating withdrawal from the USSR and for alliance with Turkey.

There are suspicions and a number of indirect facts that all these groups are under instructors from the US CIA and the Turkish intelligence service MIT. "
(TsGA AR, f.28, ​​op.4).

Ankara's deliberate courage was fueled by the fact that up to 10 plans an atomic strike against the USSR with a military invasion of its borders. Moreover, both of them - from Turkish territory.

In this regard, Andrei Vyshinsky, who headed the Soviet Foreign Ministry, sent members of the Politburo over 50 messages from the USSR Embassy in Turkey about possible Turkish-NATO subversive work in the Caucasus.

In an explanatory note to these messages, Vyshinsky noted:

“The Turkish government has shown by its practical deeds that it is pursuing an openly hostile anti-Soviet policy.

With all possible support from the ruling circles of Turkey, the pan-Turkists intensified their anti-Soviet activities.

The Americans show a special interest in them, meaning their use in the implementation of their plans for subversive work in the USSR and the countries of people's democracies.

Taking into account this situation and other factors, one can expect border provocations in order to then “accuse” the USSR of some kind of aggression and “justify” a military invasion from Turkey into Transcaucasia.

Just as Hitler “justified” the war with the USSR ”.
(RGASPI, f.82, op.2, d.1329).

In a word, the growing crisis in Soviet-Turkish relations in the late 40s and early 50s coincided in time with the identification of the plans of the Mingrelian leadership of Georgia.

Which, as the aforementioned facts and tendencies in these relations show, was an integral part of the Turkish-NATO plans to destabilize Georgia. And Transcaucasia as a whole.

Adjara - almost Turkey?


Turkey's appetite for Adjara did not diminish even with the collapse of the USSR.

According to many sources, at least half of the industrial capacities in present-day Batumi and Adjara as a whole already belong to de jure or de facto Turkish business.


New economic objects, if built there, are almost exclusively by Turkish companies. Turkish language has actually become a parallel language in Adjara. And the Batumi port has long been the main "receiving" of the warships of Turkey and NATO.

Well-known Georgian political scientist Hamlet Chipashvili, former Permanent Representative of Adjara in Tbilisi, assesses the current situation in the region:

“Turkey has actually already taken away Adjara from us, both religiously and economically.

Dozens of different Muslim organizations have been functioning in Adjara for a long time, they are funded by the Turkish government.

The main goal of this course is to convert more and more local people, and not only Ajarians, to Islam. "

Moreover, the

“In Adjara, locals are already afraid to speak their native language - the Turks do not like this, in whose hands the entire business of the autonomous republic is already in control”.

The expert continues:

“For example, Batumi airport is actually an airport in Turkey.

There, the Turks do not go through any customs procedures: they fly to Batumi, freely cross the border, immediately get on the bus - and that's it. Also on the return route.

Turkish trucks do not pass customs inspection in Adjara either.

In a word, we can already say that Adjara has gradually become a "Turkish region", now only formally part of Georgia. "
Author:
Photos used:
cdn01.ru, static.auction.ru, ekogradmoscow.ru, cdn2.russian7.ru, nailizakon.com
36 comments
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  1. Pessimist22
    Pessimist22 6 February 2021 05: 43
    +19
    Soon, most of Georgia will be squeezed out, the Georgians will be under the Turks, dreams come true.
    1. Ross xnumx
      Ross xnumx 6 February 2021 05: 52
      +8
      With the collapse of the USSR, Turkey imagines itself as the “navel” of the Middle East. While we turn a blind eye to the shooting down of Russian planes, the murder of Russian citizens (the ambassador is among them the height of cynicism) and Turkish assistance in organizing small internecine wars, the situation will remain tense. NEVER!!! the Turks were NOT friends to ANYONE. Temporary partners to achieve their goals - yes.
      Russia should be guided not by the flattery and smiles of the Turkish "sultan", but by folk wisdom:
      If a Turk speaks of peace, then there will be war.
    2. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 6 February 2021 05: 58
      +9
      Adjara gradually became a "Turkish region", now only formally part of Georgia. "
      There are more mosques in Batumi than in Istanbul .....
      Proud Georgians left the "Soviet occupation" and are slowly becoming Turks. It was not in vain that Ivanishvili retired.
      1. Simargl
        Simargl 6 February 2021 10: 11
        0
        Quote: Uncle Lee
        There are more mosques in Batumi than in Istanbul ...
        Batumi is a Muslim city, like Adjara. Not one hundred years, actually.
        1. Proxima
          Proxima 6 February 2021 16: 20
          +6
          Regarding that Turkey wanted to unleash a war against the USSR in the period 1947 - 1952, these are not entirely clever fantasies of the author. You can say anything about the Turks, but the deb ... suicides fool you cannot name them.
          1. kalibr
            kalibr 6 February 2021 17: 07
            +3
            "It was clear that a war was brewing in relations with Turkey."
            Well, yes, they did not agree to an alliance with Hitler, and in the 47th they decided to fight ... Fantasy and not even scientific.
          2. Doliva63
            Doliva63 6 February 2021 18: 20
            +7
            Quote: Proxima
            Regarding that Turkey wanted to unleash a war against the USSR in the period 1947 - 1952, these are not entirely clever fantasies of the author. You can say anything about the Turks, but the deb ... suicides fool you cannot name them.

            After the war, my father graduated from the "school of spies" and served for almost 16 years in the intelligence of the ZakVO, replacing from there in the 61st. He said - everyone there wanted to do us at least some kind of nasty thread, but they were very afraid. Because then there would be no stopping us. Everyone knew that. And nobody wanted to get under the rink. And the Turks too. Our reaction to a real event was expected to be such that no one had time to render any help to anyone. And everyone knew that too. The author fantasizes, I agree drinks
            1. Proxima
              Proxima 6 February 2021 18: 57
              +5
              Quote: Doliva63
              And nobody wanted to get under the rink. And the Turks too. Our reaction to a real event was expected to be such that no one had time to render any help to anyone. And everyone knew that too. The author fantasizes, I agree drinks

              The Soviet army, which had gained unprecedented power, needed only the slightest excuse to resolve the centuries-old issue with the Ottomans. In what the author is right, so in this: "Moscow in 1945-1952 regularly demanded the return to Armenia and Georgia of the territories transferred to Turkey in 1920-1921, and suspended (until February 1953 inclusive) the effect of the Soviet-Turkish treaties of 1920-1921. XNUMX. Variants of a military operation in the east of Turkey were already ready in case of maximum aggravation of relations. " And about the ready-made regional committee members of the Turkish provinces, the author is also right. The USSR needed only a pretext.
              1. Cherry Nine
                Cherry Nine 6 February 2021 20: 55
                -8
                Quote: Proxima
                The USSR needed only a pretext.

                When the USSR needed a pretext, it quickly found itself.

                In fact, there were
                a) territorial claims, usual for the USSR, against neighboring states.
                b) ethnic cleansing, usual for the USSR.
                c) spy mania, usual for the USSR.
                d) foreign policy rudeness, usual for the USSR.

                How the author deduces from this the cunning plans of Turkey's attack on the USSR, and not in 42, when it might seem like a reasonable idea, but in 47 - the devil only knows.
                1. Lara Croft
                  Lara Croft 7 February 2021 00: 10
                  -1
                  Quote: Cherry Nine
                  How does the author derive from this the cunning plans of Turkey's attack on the USSR, and not in 42, when it might seem like a reasonable idea,

                  A large number of military sources indicate that the USSR was forced to keep a large grouping of troops in the Transcaucasia for the entire first half of the Second World War, in order to prevent the invasion of Turkey ...
                  According to the Barbarossa Plan, after the German troops entered the Arkhangelsk-Astrakhan line, Turkey and Japan were to enter the war against the USSR ....
                  In one of the episodes of the War for the Caucasus, I read that the Headquarters removed from his post the commander of the ZakVO, who dared to transfer several infantry formations from the state border with Turkey to fight the Germans in the Caucasus mountains ...
                  Finally, the Turks sent the Germans with their absurd request, only after the USSR drove the Germans out of the Crimea ...
                  Regarding the post-war invasion of Turkey in the USSR, you can also find many sources ...
                  I read that on the border of the USSR and Bulgaria with Turkey, a system of URs was built, which then appeared later on the border with China ...
                  The 2nd PA of the Ground Forces of Turkey was prepared for hostilities in the Soviet Transcaucasia ... which could be reinforced by the 3rd PA ...
                  Earlier, according to the plans of the 3rd PA and 4th PA Aegean, they were supposed to be eliminated, but apparently the mess in the SAR and the presence of the RF Armed Forces there canceled these plans ...
                  1. Cherry Nine
                    Cherry Nine 7 February 2021 00: 25
                    -1
                    Quote: Lara Croft
                    then the USSR was forced to keep a large grouping of troops in the Transcaucasus for the entire first half of the Second World War to prevent the invasion of Turkey ...

                    Yes, when Blau cut off the Caucasus from the central part of the USSR, it could have been a perfectly reasonable idea. It would seem, what does the Allies have to do with it?
                    Quote: Lara Croft
                    According to the Barbarossa Plan, after the Nazi troops entered the Arkhangelsk-Astrakhan line,

                    Unfortunately for the German side, and Japan, and even more so for Turkey, the Barbarossa plan was deeply parallel. Unfortunately for you, for purely geographical reasons, after the Reich reached the AA line, Turkey could only attack the Reich, since in such a situation it did not have a border with the USSR. Worse, giving Baku to Turkey is the last thing Hitler could have in mind.
                    Quote: Lara Croft
                    Finally, the Turks sent the Germans with their absurd request, only after the USSR drove the Germans out of the Crimea ...

                    The Turks were one of the affectionate calves that sucked two queens. Neutrality as it is. Naturally, the clearer the defeat of Germany was, the less friendly the Turks were to her - there was nothing to take. The fall of Greece in the 44th finally stopped the contacts of Turkey with the Reich. Yes, Crimea was just a couple of months before this event.
                    Quote: Lara Croft
                    I read that on the border of the USSR and Bulgaria with Turkey, a system of URs was built, which then appeared later on the border with China ...

                    There is no doubt that the USSR considered a war with any of its neighbors to be a very likely thing. Actually, of all the neighbors of the USSR at the time of the formation of this beautiful state, by the 45th year, only Turkey remained uncovered by the liberation campaigns.
                    The initiative of the Turkish side in this matter raises doubts.
                    Quote: Lara Croft
                    Earlier, according to the plans of the 3rd PA and 4th PA Aegean, they were supposed to be eliminated, but apparently the mess in the SAR and the presence of the RF Armed Forces there canceled these plans ...

                    Have you already moved to 2020? Comrade Vyshinsky was not in the know.
              2. Doliva63
                Doliva63 7 February 2021 18: 25
                +2
                Quote: Proxima
                Quote: Doliva63
                And nobody wanted to get under the rink. And the Turks too. Our reaction to a real event was expected to be such that no one had time to render any help to anyone. And everyone knew that too. The author fantasizes, I agree drinks

                The Soviet army, which had gained unprecedented power, needed only the slightest excuse to resolve the centuries-old issue with the Ottomans. In what the author is right, so in this: "Moscow in 1945-1952 regularly demanded the return to Armenia and Georgia of the territories transferred to Turkey in 1920-1921, and suspended (until February 1953 inclusive) the effect of the Soviet-Turkish treaties of 1920-1921. XNUMX. Variants of a military operation in the east of Turkey were already ready in case of maximum aggravation of relations. " And about the ready-made regional committee members of the Turkish provinces, the author is also right. The USSR needed only a pretext.

                The trick is that the Union did not need a war, otherwise it is not a problem to find a reason. But if someone took a chance - well, then yes - to the fullest. And nobody dared. For it was scary. And much later, if you remember, already in the 80s, when the Yankees began to torment Libya, 2 Soviet ships entered Tripoli and warned - God forbid to harm us! The Yankees are gone. Without firing a shot, the Union won the war in Libya. I can’t even imagine this in relation to the Russian Federation.
          3. Scorpio05
            Scorpio05 April 8 2021 02: 15
            -1
            Yes, in the article, all the argumentation is no longer for the ears, but for other organs. Of course, Turkey was going to occupy Adjara from the USSR)) Yeah, exactly at that moment when the Soviet Union had the strongest army in the world and tested in the hardest battles, which defeated Germany with satellites and Japan, and in 1949 it tested an atomic bomb. Yes .. right now)) The author keeps the readers for idiots with this unprepossessing propaganda - stuffing? Who wondered if you ordered such a spreading cranberry? It looks like an attempt (clumsy and unskilled) to create an enemy image.
    3. Profiler
      Profiler 6 February 2021 06: 12
      +13
      Quote: Pessimist22
      Soon, most of Georgia will be squeezed out, the Georgians will be under the Turks, dreams come true.

      Adjara de facto, already 90% Turkish, will not hesitate to wait for its legal rejection from Georgia.
      But this is also seen as a reproach to our Russian state, which our "hurray patriots" do not like very much - Why the Turks can and do, but we are not able to stop the war in Donbass, nor to annex and assimilate the territories of South Ossetia and Abkhazia? ...
      1. Simargl
        Simargl 6 February 2021 10: 09
        +1
        Quote: Profiler
        But this is also seen as a reproach to our Russian state, which our "hurray patriots" really do not like - Why the Turks can and do, but we are not able to stop the war in Donbass
        And Abkhazia, South Ossetia are practically a part of the Russian Federation, Krymnash - is this a reproach, or an achievement?
        Adjara was once surrendered to Turkey by Georgians practically without a fight. Since then, it has been Muslim, although Georgia adopted Christianity almost before the Council of Constantinople (326)
      2. vladcub
        vladcub 6 February 2021 12: 19
        +2
        Actually, the inclusion of Abkhazia or South Ossetia is a double-edged sword. If they are included in the Russian Federation, this will significantly reduce the state budget, which is not the richest in our country.
        Stop the war in Donbass, but don't tell me how to do it?
        PS
        OK, it may not sound cynical, but clarity in Donbass is in Russia's interests.
        Judge for yourself: the Kiev leadership dreams of joining NATO, but does Russia need this? According to the NATO charter, countries with such a "chiryak" are not accepted. They don’t need extra "smut".
        To include the DLNR in Russia is actually a war, which is in the interests of Kiev. So at this stage it is not in the interests of the Russian Federation to violate the "status quo" not in the Transcaucasus, not in the Donbass. What will happen next? Let's live and see
        1. Titus_2
          Titus_2 16 February 2021 22: 34
          0
          Quote: vladcub
          Actually, the inclusion of Abkhazia or South Ossetia is a double-edged sword. If they are included in the Russian Federation, this will significantly reduce the state budget, which is not the richest in our country.
          Stop the war in Donbass, but don't tell me how to do it?
          PS
          OK, it may not sound cynical, but clarity in Donbass is in Russia's interests.
          Judge for yourself: the Kiev leadership dreams of joining NATO, but does Russia need this? According to the NATO charter, countries with such a "chiryak" are not accepted. They don’t need extra "smut".
          To include the DLNR in Russia is actually a war, which is in the interests of Kiev. So at this stage it is not in the interests of the Russian Federation to violate the "status quo" not in the Transcaucasus, not in the Donbass. What will happen next? Let's live and see

          Sir ... you don't really think about the people in the LPNR, those who raised the Russian flag ... it is cynical to argue what is beneficial or not beneficial to the state, it should be beneficial for a normal state to think about its citizens, but alas, the current bourgeois state does not care people ... other interests in the Kremlin. By the way, who will educate you ..... the savings bank in Ukraine is unprofitable, but in the LPR there is? ..... although the question is illogical in the Crimea there is no savings.
          1. vladcub
            vladcub 18 February 2021 08: 07
            0
            Concerning the Crimea. Include in included, but do not run into sanctions: "they are building a whole thing." This is silly . If you raised the tricolor, then don't care at all
    4. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 6 February 2021 06: 21
      +9
      Thanks to the author for the interesting topic!
      Now, in fact, years ago, feeling myself a part of the Soviet Union or having phantom pains from its disintegration in my youth, I was deeply offended by the "attempts" of the soft expansion of the Turks in Georgia. Today, I won't even climb a tree, as in that Chinese proverb, since the Turkish crocodile hawk the tail of a jackal, which is not lazy to mark my fence.
      Georgia has already made the mistake of stealthily biting the paw of a feeding polar bear, now let it deal with the Turkish crocodile itself.
      1. Pessimist22
        Pessimist22 6 February 2021 10: 49
        +3
        Abroad will help them smile
      2. vladcub
        vladcub 6 February 2021 12: 30
        +4
        "Itself deal with the Turkish crocodile", but it's not easy. The Washington "regional committee" has already bothered to call the "sultan" on the carpet, and pour boiling water over the bells for "expulsion from the party"
  2. 2 Level Advisor
    2 Level Advisor 6 February 2021 06: 38
    +12
    rested a couple of years ago in the village of Sarpi, right on the border of Georgia / Turkey .. well, about what everyone says in Turkish, the author bent down, but they understand Russian a little and speak Georgian, but! although there is an Orthodox church in the village, I woke up every morning from the screams of a mullah from Turkish territory, it was very revealing ... and the border there is already a formality, without any examinations, 5 seconds per person, looked at the photo, stamp, the next ... and so in The article is all true, of course, in Adjara, like at home, the Turks are already .. will squeeze out / no, I don’t know .. but they are already in full force .. from the Georgian business, there are only small shops left .. a great impression - the botanical garden founded by A. Krasnov, the brother of the white general, is amazing, and nature with the sea is super ..
    1. ANB
      ANB 6 February 2021 15: 26
      +2
      ... great impression - botanical garden

      In Sukhum, the botanical garden is cooler.
      1. 2 Level Advisor
        2 Level Advisor 6 February 2021 17: 01
        +3
        Probably it was cooler, now I don’t know, I was there as a child .. in Batumi, he is very much looked after by gardeners, renovation, cleanliness, etc.
        1. Simargl
          Simargl 6 February 2021 21: 25
          +2
          Quote: Level 2 Advisor
          as a child was there .. in Batumi
          I was also ... born ...
          I haven't been in 30 years ...
  3. nikvic46
    nikvic46 6 February 2021 06: 50
    +7
    "A holy place is never empty". I'm not surprised, I'm not outraged. I served in these places. So much water has flowed under the bridge since then. Creeping polite occupation with the help of large cash infusions, Turkey is doing what it needs. Adjara escaped a civil war. And I think that here, too, is the hand of the southern neighbor. Health to all.
  4. Olgovich
    Olgovich 6 February 2021 08: 16
    +6
    The old idea of ​​settling in the far corner of the Black Sea was made even more tempting by the real prospect of cutting the strategic transcaucasian oil pipeline Baku-Agstafa-Tbilisi-Khashuri-Batumi.



    Built according to the project of 1887 by engineer Shukhov

    And Russia built back in 1907 not an oil pipeline, but kerosene pipeline Baku _Batumi 887 length km-the longest kerasin pipeline in the world-designers and builders famous Russian engineers Shukhov and Shchukin. Built from Russian pipes

    Because she understood that exporting a product with high added value is much more profitable than driving crude oil.

    Russia was the world leader in the volume of corpse transport.
  5. A. Privalov
    A. Privalov 6 February 2021 10: 07
    +4
    An article from a series of rewriting History for the sake of the present moment, which has already become familiar on the pages of VO.
    I was already beginning to think that it was Samsonov who had lost his temper again! No, no! The Author honestly included in the article a number of materials that Samsonov would never have placed in his articles ...

    First about "affairs".
    There were dozens of especially well-known and high-profile "cases" in the USSR, and hundreds of little known. I will not list, because it does not matter. Since the 20s of the last century, the so-called "cases" were created so simply that instead of the "Mingrelian case" there could be the Chukotka, Nanai and even the case of the Australian aborigines, there would be an indication.
    All "cases" were cut according to a standard template and differed only in the number of repressed. Moreover, those sent to the camps for one case in the 20s and who served their sentences could simply be imprisoned or shot in a case that suddenly arose in the 30s and later, having nothing to do with the issue.

    Counterintelligence reported on the discovery of "pro-Turkish" proclamations in Ajaria? And now a whole people are declared parasites and set off for Siberia. We must pay tribute, Iosif Vissarionovich knew how to solve matters radically and with his inherent scope.

    Now, about Turkey itself. As the author already pointed out above, in 1945 Moscow denounced the 1925 Soviet-Turkish treaty on friendship and neutrality. (Before the start of the "Mingrelian affair" there were still 6 (six!) Years.) People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs Molotov told the Turks that the Soviet government had decided to abolish the 1936 Montreux Convention on the status of the straits. (In addition, at one time, Russia ceded to Turkey under the 1921 treaty - the Kars region and the southern part of the Batumi region - Ardahan and Artvin, the Surmalinsky district and the western part of the Alexandropol district of the Erivan province.) Moscow should receive Soviet military bases in the straits "for maintaining the security of the USSR and the world in the Black Sea region. " and was already ready to start real actions to satisfy their territorial claims - see the section of the article "Courage in Turkish".
    The Turks could not like this way of posing the question. Naturally, they did not seek protection.
    The issue was resolved by Turkey's entry into NATO. Of course, there will be many more political perturbations and conflicts ahead, remember the Cuban missile crisis, but the "Question of Straits and Territories" was closed once and for all. hi
  6. parusnik
    parusnik 6 February 2021 11: 47
    +5
    Hmm .. the USSR collapsed and the "sisters" of the republic went from hand to hand .. Everything.
    1. vladcub
      vladcub 6 February 2021 12: 46
      +5
      Well said: "let's go, sisters" - the republics are in hand * as the last *
  7. iouris
    iouris 6 February 2021 12: 15
    +5
    Woke up. For a long time, all of Georgia has been a Turkish economic field. This is a medical fact.
  8. faterdom
    faterdom 6 February 2021 14: 41
    +4
    When the last principality of 200 sq. Km will remain from Georgia. again they will run to ask for citizenship to the "Russian Tsar".
    I wonder if there will be a museum of the occupation on this territory about 14X14 km? It's a shrine!
  9. xomaNN
    xomaNN 6 February 2021 23: 22
    +2
    Those. rodents shout about the seizure of the Russian Federation of Abkhazia-Ossetia, but keep quiet about Adjara in Turkish?
  10. HateHouse2
    HateHouse2 7 February 2021 15: 15
    +1
    Moscow is no longer the most Russian city. And the prez still calls "migrants" to construction sites. There are fewer and fewer "persons of European nationality" in the subway in the morning. Taxi drivers - almost 100% Russian with difficulty. There is nothing to say about the wipers.
  11. svoit
    svoit 7 February 2021 16: 44
    0
    Transcaucasia has always been interested in Turkey, and regardless of whether it is pro or anti-Soviet.
  12. Cotton Colorado
    Cotton Colorado 8 February 2021 11: 52
    +1
    Quote: Doliva63
    Quote: Proxima
    Quote: Doliva63
    And nobody wanted to get under the rink. And the Turks too. Our reaction to a real event was expected to be such that no one had time to render any help to anyone. And everyone knew that too. The author fantasizes, I agree drinks

    The Soviet army, which had gained unprecedented power, needed only the slightest excuse to resolve the centuries-old issue with the Ottomans. In what the author is right, so in this: "Moscow in 1945-1952 regularly demanded the return to Armenia and Georgia of the territories transferred to Turkey in 1920-1921, and suspended (until February 1953 inclusive) the effect of the Soviet-Turkish treaties of 1920-1921. XNUMX. Variants of a military operation in the east of Turkey were already ready in case of maximum aggravation of relations. " And about the ready-made regional committee members of the Turkish provinces, the author is also right. The USSR needed only a pretext.

    The trick is that the Union did not need a war, otherwise it is not a problem to find a reason. But if someone took a chance - well, then yes - to the fullest. And nobody dared. For it was scary. And much later, if you remember, already in the 80s, when the Yankees began to torment Libya, 2 Soviet ships entered Tripoli and warned - God forbid to harm us! The Yankees are gone. Without firing a shot, the Union won the war in Libya. I can’t even imagine this in relation to the Russian Federation.

    On October 8, 1950 at 16.17:80 pm local time, two Lockheed F-100C "Shooting Star" ("Meteor") fighters of the US Air Force violated the state border of the USSR and, having deepened almost 165 km, attacked the Soviet military field airfield Sukhaya Rechka XNUMX km from Vladivostok, in the Khasan region. As a result of the bombardment by US Air Force aircraft, seven aircraft of the Soviet squadron were damaged in the parking lot, one was completely burned down.