Military Review

Self-taught commander Nestor Makhno - the genius of lightning war

85

The future "dad", of course, was not a professional military man. Education - two-grade primary school. Combat experience (unlike the same Shchors or Chapaev) - complete zero. He spent the entire First World War in prison. Where did this man come from the ability to mercilessly beat the officers and generals of the White Army who had gone through the academies and school of the Japanese and German wars? How did he manage to overturn parts of the regular army and capture fortified cities?


Attack with your strength


It is believed that for his time Makhno was a real military genius, a genius of lightning war.

He began, like many other "field commanders" like him, with natural partisanship. And how else could it be in the then Ukraine, where power was changing with kaleidoscopic rapidity, and one wave of occupiers rolled after another? Hetmanism, Petliurism, Germans, Austrians, Denikinites ... Makhno considered all of them enemies and fought with all of them to the best of his ability.

At this stage, the main, perhaps, its feature was manifested, for the most part, and determined the further military successes. The young partisan leader studied - without any cadet corps and academies, he comprehended the science of combat, analyzing his every defeat (and the beginning of Makhno's career consisted mostly of them) and drawing conclusions.

His main motto was -

"Attack with your strength."

Makhno very quickly learned what exactly could be the key to victory in a clash of disorganized and untrained, badly armed and equipped partisan insurgents with units of the regular army. This is how the three most important principles of its strategy were developed - agility, speed and risk.

The latter can, of course, be called arrogance. But in fact, the Makhnovists carried out the most risky military operations bordering on outright madness (like the capture of Yekaterinoslav) after the most thorough reconnaissance and elaboration of future actions. So - rather a reasonable risk on the verge of a foul.

Yes, Makhno loved not just spectacular, but downright theatrical performances. Dressing up his fighters in the uniform of the enemy, triumphantly enter a settlement occupied by the enemy under the guise of a wedding procession - such escapades with mummers were just brilliant for him.

Generally speaking, the appearance in completely unexpected places and the delivery of swift blows at the enemy who did not have time not only to prepare for defense, but also to realize the essence of what was happening, were the basis of his strategy. Moreover, both in attack and defense. Makhno escaped from seemingly completely hopeless entourage more than once. According to some of its chroniclers - almost 200 times.

Tachanki


Here we come to the most important thing, to that specific essence that ensured the continued success of the strategy described above. The fact is that it was Makhno (long before the generals of the Wehrmacht) who realized, appreciated and began to apply in practice the strategy of action by mechanized maneuver groups. But in his "performance" it was not tank or motorized percussion "fists", and the famous Makhnovist carts. It was to the carts, headed by this commander, ambiguously presented by Soviet historians, that the detachments owed their unprecedented speed qualities and combat power.

I will not say this for sure, but, according to many sources, the idea of ​​using not only a vehicle, but also a mobile firing point of a wheeled and horse-drawn transport Makhno brought to life thanks to the German colonists. It was from them that the first carts were requisitioned, which differed from ordinary peasant carts (of which there were at least a dime a dozen in the district) by the presence of springs. Thanks to this detail, the Maxim machine gun mounted on the cart did not "shake" on the way. And during the battle, he did not lose his deadly accuracy and accuracy of fire.

As a matter of fact, Makhno saved his insurgent army from "pound weights on its feet" in the form of infantry slowly trudging along dusty roads and impassable roads at a speed of 25 kilometers a day, placing it on the carts. However, the cavalry, moreover, burdened with carts, in those days moved on the march a little faster - in a day its units covered ten kilometers more than the "gray-footed infantry".

The speed of the Makhnovist detachments, according to contemporaries, sometimes reached hundreds of kilometers a day.

Makhno's strategy was simple and deadly - in front of the enemy's battle formations, as a rule, taken by surprise, dozens of carts appeared, flooding everything in front of them with a shower of lead. Direct fire from Maxim is not just scary. This is certain death for an entire unit in a matter of minutes. Thus, Makhno provided overwhelming firepower in the decisive place of the battle, broke and dispersed the enemy's battle formations. And then his irrepressible cavalry entered the business ...

At the same time, one should not forget that machine-gun carts also played the role of an amphibious assault vehicle - each of them accommodated even a few (three or four) fighters, but, dismounted, they were quite capable of "dealing" with enemy firing points, machine gun crews and weapons, solve other operational problems.

At the same time, the Makhnovist horsemen almost never attacked the enemy's batteries or trenches. The correct choice of the battlefield has always been the "hobbyhorse" of their commander. Makhno preferred to fight in the bare steppe, where there were no obstacles for his carts and horsemen.

Makhnovshchina


It was this strategy and tactics that ensured the success of an absolutely unparalleled (both in boldness and in efficiency) raid carried out by Makhno in 1919 on Denikin's rear. That, in fact, largely thwarted the offensive of the "whites" on Moscow.

This campaign was preceded by a crushing defeat by the Makhnovists of the group of General Slashchev, specially created to "eliminate the presumptuous bandits."

White generals, with contempt for Makhno and his "bastard warriors", were punished in the most cruel way. Considering the insurgents as trapped game, they were attacked, as usual, at the most unexpected moment and in the most unexpected place. The elite units of the White Army fell under the blows of untrained bandits.

The term "Makhnovshchina" has firmly entered our lexicon as a synonym for disorder, disgrace, anarchy.

In this case, we will not touch on the political views of Nestor Makhno, or his attempts to build state.

But you must admit, it must be admitted that in military affairs he was an outstanding self-taught commander.
Author:
Photos used:
Photo from Wikipedia Nestor Makhno with his wife and associates 1920
85 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. svp67
    svp67 29 December 2020 16: 49
    +15
    And yet Makhno is not just a self-taught commander, he is also a self-taught statesman who created from scratch a peasant state, namely a peasant, anarchic, as it seemed to him, type
  2. Jünger
    Jünger 29 December 2020 16: 59
    -31%
    Who did he really break? It seems to me that these are fables. Maybe he smashed the Reds sometimes, but there were soldiers of the same level at that time, and the commanders were even worse.
    From the whites, I heard that he had fiddled with the Cossacks with the Cossacks once, but this is also not an indicator.
    Fanning the next "genius".
    1. Gato
      Gato 29 December 2020 17: 19
      +13
      Whom did he really break?

      Have you heard of the Wrangelites?
      1. Jünger
        Jünger 29 December 2020 17: 27
        -14%
        I heard it. But everything is greatly exaggerated there. In general, Makhno is like that elusive Joe, who in FIG nobody needed, and with whom they fought on a leftover principle.
        When the hands of serious men reached him, then he and his "genius" ended.
        "In 24 hours he, as a writer Solzhenitsyn, was deported from the country .."
        1. Gato
          Gato 29 December 2020 17: 36
          +22
          But everything is greatly exaggerated there

          The defeat of 2 Slashchev regiments is recorded in the memoirs. Slashcheva, I hope you don’t consider it a mug?
          serious men

          Some serious men were then also kicked in the ass and got away with an ice pick. But this is not a reason to consider them complete mediocrities.
          1. Jünger
            Jünger 29 December 2020 17: 46
            -2
            Quote: Gato
            The defeat of 2 Slashchev regiments is recorded in the memoirs.

            The memoirs say something like
            Gerasimenko, a member of the Makhnovist movement, wrote: "The Caucasian units - the Chechens and others - suffered the most. Several thousand of them died in a month. At the end of November, masses of Chechens categorically declared that they did not want to fight Makhno anymore, they voluntarily left their posts and went to their Caucasus. This is how the general disintegration of Denikin's army began.

            Reality
            On 1on September 8 1919 The Chechen division numbered 1237 sabers with 19 machine guns.
            29 November Chechen division: 1st regiment - 387 sabers; 2nd regiment - 235 sub; 3rd regiment - 264 sub; 4th regiment - 45 sub; Total: 931 saber.
            The losses of the Chechen division in a month and a half of fighting amounted to 306 people killed, wounded, dropped out due to illness and fled home.

            In short, there are a lot of lies.
            In any case, the scale is not enough for a genius. A successful partisan commander is no more.
            Quote: Gato
            Some serious men were then also kicked in the ass and got away with an ice pick. But this is not a reason to consider them complete mediocrities.

            Where does Bronstein have to do with it? Leiba is a genius without a stretch. The soul is a man. Without him, everything would go to dust.
            1. Essex62
              Essex62 30 December 2020 11: 14
              -7
              A good union would have turned out with the Father of all nations in 45 years. (It is clear that it is not real, but to dream). Lev Davydovich would not have slowed down on the Elbe. Bathe mattresses in diesel fuel, in view of the Portuguese beaches. They had a completely different world today.
              1. Jünger
                Jünger 30 December 2020 11: 55
                -13%
                And it would be even better to drown "Father" together with Leiba in diesel fuel with little ones.
                Without any beaches ..
                1. Essex62
                  Essex62 30 December 2020 13: 55
                  +4
                  The opposite happened. What normal people are happy about. The zakhrebetniks sour, of course. And now it is not long left to be scared of people, retribution will come, without fail.
                  1. Jünger
                    Jünger 30 December 2020 13: 57
                    -2
                    Quote: Essex62
                    retribution will come without fail.

                    laughing Yeah, no doubt about it. Everything will come to carrot.
                    1. Essex62
                      Essex62 30 December 2020 15: 49
                      +1
                      Yes to me on the percussion instrument, your doubts, or confidence. Afterwards, we'll talk.
                      1. Jünger
                        Jünger 30 December 2020 15: 51
                        0
                        Quote: Essex62
                        Afterwards, we'll talk.

                        What - shall we go out or what? bully
                      2. Essex62
                        Essex62 30 December 2020 15: 54
                        0
                        Yes forever, with all our cordiality. laughing
                      3. seregatara1969
                        seregatara1969 1 January 2021 09: 31
                        +1
                        What or what? How is that correct?
                      4. Jünger
                        Jünger 1 January 2021 19: 28
                        -1
                        In Moscow - "what". In other regions - "cho".
                        What, do you want problems, kid? tongue
              2. DrEng527
                DrEng527 30 December 2020 17: 10
                -10%
                Quote: Essex62
                And now it is not long left to be scared of people, retribution will come, without fail.

                Did you miss the Soviet deficit, pull and party / professional / komso and other meetings? bully
                1. sevryuk
                  sevryuk 1 January 2021 12: 23
                  +1
                  Abramovich is tired of yachts ... am
                  1. Essex62
                    Essex62 2 January 2021 11: 18
                    +1
                    Differentiation is not an indicator, it is reasonable to approach, it is eradicated at once. Blat, nepotism, fellowship are phenomena that are not eradicated in any socio-political formation. Today it all blooms in a wild color.
                    Party meetings, if on business and usefully at the exit, why not.
                  2. DrEng527
                    DrEng527 2 January 2021 13: 01
                    -3
                    Quote: Essex62
                    Afficit is not an indicator, it is reasonable to approach, it is eradicated at once.

                    in the entire history of the USSR it was not possible to do this request
                    Quote: Essex62
                    Today it all blooms in a wild color.

                    you don't give a damn about it when you go to the store now request
                    Quote: Essex62
                    Party meetings, if on business and usefully at the exit, why not.

                    so, I will explain - this is a parallel management body with all the ensuing consequences in the form of deficits ... bully
                    Quote: sevryuk
                    Abramovich is tired of yachts ...

                    regional committee dachas will appear - do you care? hi
                  3. Essex62
                    Essex62 2 January 2021 13: 19
                    +1
                    Read carefully. Solvable, having the experience of the previous USSR.
                    Obkom dachas have nothing to do with today's fat cats and mat. They didn't have anything besides their dachas and a personal Volga. And they lived among us, you could calmly go to the regional committee and, for example, fill your face. Try now to reach even the smallest aligarh.
                  4. DrEng527
                    DrEng527 2 January 2021 15: 57
                    -2
                    Quote: Essex62
                    Obkom dachas are not about anything,

                    Really? Is it with the declaration of equality and adherence to principles, the party ate rations and built for themselves nomenclature houses / dachas? bully Modern ones are more honest ... request
                    Quote: Essex62
                    you could easily go to the regional committee

                    only by party card, ordering a pass ... wink
                    Quote: Essex62
                    fill your face

                    Really? for this they could not even sew a hooligan, but before the execution ... hi
                    Quote: Essex62
                    Try now to reach even the smallest aligarh.

                    why do you need it? Are your fists itching? Scrub in another place or on the zone you want? bully
                    Quote: Essex62
                    having the experience of the previous USSR.

                    it follows from your writings that you have no experience of life in the USSR ... wink
                  5. Essex62
                    Essex62 3 January 2021 11: 38
                    +1
                    Arrived. laughing
                    I don’t need to "rub in" about the pass, I went to my district committee, as I went home, without hindrance. I made an appointment with the first one and voila, here he is eating a ration. lol
                    Any citizen could enter the regional committee, at the entrance only one cop was sitting and even without a gun. In 78, one grandfather, with a hunting rifle broke into the "bureau". He was offended by something, fired at the ceiling and nothing, because he was a complete cavalier of Glory.
                    You could get a hooligan for beating any person, you know, anyone. And not only who has a bag of dough.
                    And there was a benefit from them, it was possible to pinch the tail of a presumptuous bureaucrat, because beyond anything they could not afford - you can get out of office in no time if they catch you. The second secretary also wanted a personal Volga and a sweeter ration. Incl. there was competition.
                  6. DrEng527
                    DrEng527 4 January 2021 14: 07
                    0
                    Quote: Essex62
                    I went to my district committee, as I went home, without hindrance.

                    already the district committee? changed shoes in the air? bully
                    Quote: Essex62
                    I made an appointment with the first

                    already as home by appointment? wink
                    Quote: Essex62

                    Any citizen could enter the regional committee, at the entrance there is only one cop

                    so still sat? what for? and why in the regional committee of the pass bureau? hi
                    Quote: Essex62
                    and nothing, because he is a complete cavalier of Glory.
                    You could get a hooligan for beating any person, you know, anyone.

                    that is, contradict yourself bully Tellingly, in neighboring sentences ... hi
                    Quote: Essex62
                    You can get out of office in no time if you get caught. The second secretary also wanted a personal Volga and a sweeter ration. Incl. there was competition.

                    have you heard such a word - nomenclature? Looks like you have sclerosis ... request
  • Radiator
    Radiator 5 January 2021 02: 14
    0
    Have you heard about Crimea?
  • mmrr
    mmrr 10 February 2021 03: 32
    0
    The Knight of the Order of the Red Banner Makhno drove the German well in the south of Russia at that time, beat Wrangel, and the chubaty zhovto-blakitny got good from him))
  • Proton
    Proton 29 December 2020 16: 59
    +4
    The topic is interesting, I would pull on a cycle of articles.
    Thanks to the author!
    1. Ingvar 72
      Ingvar 72 29 December 2020 17: 22
      +13
      Quote: Proton
      Thanks to the author!

      Controversial. The topics are really interesting, but there is very little information to review such an extraordinary personality. hi
      1. The leader of the Redskins
        The leader of the Redskins 30 December 2020 08: 31
        +2
        I agree with you. But Kharaluzhny always writes in a crumpled manner, jumping from fifth to tenth.
        Well : began to apply in practice the strategy of action by mechanized maneuvering groups.
        All the same, the cart is not a mechanism. So it would be more correct to "use mobile maneuvering groups" ...
  • RealPilot
    RealPilot 29 December 2020 17: 20
    +6
    Dress up your fighters in the uniform of the enemy, triumphantly enter a settlement occupied by the enemy under the guise of a wedding procession

    Impressive!
    These are, of course, not the methods of the regular army ... And the mentality is completely different.
    But for us this is interesting: the historical analysis of various tactics is a very interesting exercise.
  • Gato
    Gato 29 December 2020 17: 21
    +15
    In my opinion, Makhno is not a military genius - he is the genius of the civil war with its specifics.
    By the way, in addition to the carts, there was another wunderwaffe - detachments of fighters, polls armed by RP Lewis. The machine gun is familiar to the general public in the "White Sun of the Desert".
  • Old Horseradish
    Old Horseradish 29 December 2020 17: 36
    -9
    Makhno is a typical bandit. Tsar Batiushka and the whites wanted to hang him. Well, they used the red ones, and then threw them out as unnecessary, you know what. And all his lads were shot. And a bullet in the forehead was squirming from Cheka, but he fled abroad, where he died in poverty and contempt. It is not worth sculpting some kind of military leaders out of such bloody idols. It stinks from this.
    1. Gato
      Gato 29 December 2020 17: 47
      +12
      Makhno is a typical bandit

      It seems to me, dear, that you have seen enough melodramatic serials or read the novels of Count A. Tolstoy. Makhno is no more a bandit than other participants in the Civil War. And by the way, he had the highest award of the Soviet Republic, number 4.
      If it were not for ideological differences, he could well have been among the Soviet marshals.
      1. Undecim
        Undecim 29 December 2020 18: 56
        +13
        And by the way, he had the highest award of the Soviet Republic, number 4.
        This issue has already been examined many times - Makhno did not have the Order of the Red Banner. Legend.
        1. Gato
          Gato 29 December 2020 19: 20
          +5
          Legend

          My great-grandfather and great-grandmother served in Makhno's army - so they claimed that he had an order. I am inclined to believe them more than officialdom and even more so on the Internet. And by the way, all the documents of the Makhnovist headquarters were destroyed in red. The question is, why?
          1. Undecim
            Undecim 29 December 2020 20: 19
            +6
            My grandfather too. He is our neighbor, their yard is on the next street, now it is called Trudovaya. His house was burned down in 1918 by Austrians, the place was empty for a long time. Today only the house of Karp's older brother has survived.
            1. Gato
              Gato 29 December 2020 20: 40
              +14
              My grandfather too.

              Now, you understand why this topic is close to me, especially since I still found my great-grandfathers alive. My great-grandmother, as an orphan and the daughter of a Cossack officer who died in WW1, studied in Kiev at the Institute of Noble Maidens (gy-gy), got in touch with the anarchists and, no one knows how zigzag she got into the army of Makhno, she married my great-grandfather, an artilleryman. Yes, Makhno's army had field artillery. After Perekop, both joined the Red Army, both fought in the Great Patriotic War - the great-grandfather ended the war as the commander of an artillery regiment, and the great-grandmother served as a translator in the intelligence department, after the war she worked for a long time as a head teacher at a school near the Republican stadium in Kiev. I remember that when they dived, my great-grandfather called his wife "terry anarchist", and she called his "Makhnovist pogromist" laughing
              1. Undecim
                Undecim 29 December 2020 21: 09
                +10
                The theme is close, as is the legend about the order, which wandered around Gulyaypole for a long time. He was not awarded the order.
                Usually this photo is given in confirmation.

                But this is not the Order of the Red Banner. This is the badge of the red commander.
                1. svp67
                  svp67 30 December 2020 15: 47
                  +1
                  Quote: Undecim
                  He was not awarded the order.

                  They were awarded.
                  On March 27, 1919, Batka Makhno's troops fought liberated the city of Mariupol from the Denikinites. Nestor Ivanovich Makhno - commander of the 3rd brigade of the 1st Zadneprovskaya rifle division. The capture of the city was an unusual event for 1919, since the entire flank of the Denikin volunteers collapsed under the blows of the red brigade commander, and the situation at the front turned decisively in favor of the Red Army. For this operation, brigade commander Makhno was awarded the Order of the Red Banner.
                  Historians managed to find evidence of receiving the order for the operation on March 27, 1919. As noted in the victorious report of P. Dybenko: “The Zadneprovsk brigade took the port city of Mariupol, breaking the resistance of the White Guards and the French squadron, while the fortitude and courage of the regiments was untold. More than 4 million poods of coal and a lot of military equipment were captured. Brigade Commander N. Makhno and the regiment commander V. Kurylenko were among the first in the RSFSR awarded the Orders of the Red Banner».
                  This is how Makhno's widow G.A. reacted. Kuzmenko, when asked by the journalist and writer Semanov about whether her husband was awarded the Order of the Red Banner: “Galina Andreevna answered briefly but unconditionally:“ Nestor was indeed awarded the Order of the Red Banner, when this happened, I don’t remember, but I remember the order very well , it was on a long screw, it was supposed to be worn, piercing outer clothing, but Nestor never put it on. I kept it, and during the flight they threw away all things, including the order. "
                  1. Undecim
                    Undecim 30 December 2020 16: 14
                    +2
                    Have you seen Dybenko's "victory report" yourself? If not, open this book here at document # 61. Try to find there the fact that Makhno was awarded.
                    1. svp67
                      svp67 30 December 2020 16: 28
                      +2
                      Quote: Undecim
                      Have you seen Dybenko's "victory report" yourself? If not, open this book here at document # 61. Try to find Makhno there.

                      In general, where are documents from the time when Soviet leaders marked Makhno for the better? Our history has been rewritten several times over the decades. The names of people who made a significant contribution to history were simply erased from it. So sorry. This is not the original, so doubts remain.
                      Moreover, Makhno not only was then in Mariupol, he also fully possessed all the power over this city and port. What does this telegram from Lenin testify to?
                      In a telegram to the Council of People's Commissars of the Ukrainian SSR of March 26, 1919, he wrote: “The Defense Council proposes to immediately begin the energetic transshipment of coal from Mariupol to Petrograd. In case of RESISTANCE MAKHNO, immediately get coal by exchange of goods with it, sending fabrics and other items by the shortest route to Mariupol. "
                      Look at the date of the telegram and compare it with the date of the battles.
                      By the way, for appeasing Makhno, they could well have awarded ...
                      1. Undecim
                        Undecim 30 December 2020 16: 40
                        +3
                        You categorically wrote "historians managed to find". It turns out not possible, there are doubts. The original is in the archive, doubts can be dispelled.
                        I remember the last visit of the widow Makhno to Gulyaypole in 1976. She was already about 80 years old and she was already confused in the events. both in dates and in personalities. And they also drove the Dibriv forest, which they dug up and down in search of Makhnovist treasures. Some people still dig today. The legend is cooler than the order.
                      2. svp67
                        svp67 30 December 2020 16: 45
                        0
                        Quote: Undecim
                        You categorically wrote "historians managed to find".

                        Here my oversight, I reprinted it without dumno ... Although I trust such an author as Shane, I do not exclude that the telegram still exists.
                        Quote: Undecim
                        I remember the last visit of the widow Makhno to Gulyaypole in 1976.

                        Well this is how old you were then?
                      3. Undecim
                        Undecim 30 December 2020 17: 11
                        +3
                        Sixteen years old, the age is quite conscious. Moreover, Makhno's grand-nephew, to whom she came, is a neighbor.
        2. Jünger
          Jünger 29 December 2020 20: 50
          -22%
          Quote: Gato
          My great-grandfather and great-grandmother served in the army of Makhno

          Quote: Undecim
          My grandfather too.

          So you both come from families of traitors and traitors to the Motherland? smile Hard case...
          1. Undecim
            Undecim 29 December 2020 21: 12
            +16
            A difficult case, Paphnutius, you have it.
          2. The comment was deleted.
          3. beeper
            beeper 30 December 2020 04: 24
            +5
            hi What a youthful, maximalist you are, Pan-Comrade Junger! wink
            In our southern Ukrainian "naked" (after all, snow-retaining forest plantations began to be massively planted in the 30s, and before that, we only had "steppe and steppe all around"!), Many steppe regions, one way or another, were related to the "Gulyaypole" Makhno and less famous (but no less militant, driving around in the same spring carts, because "Makhnovshchina" is a collective name for what was happening then in the southern steppes of Little Russia and Novorossia!) in those difficult times, "field commanders", the same "coldyars". yes
            Earlier, under Soviet rule, those "atamans" who were disagreeable to her (the same Nestor Makhno) were officially called "bandits", and those who were pleased (the same Kotovsky) - "heroes of the civil war", although among the people and those , and they were well known as bloody bandits! request
            In my mother's native village, where I also grew up, during the many years of civil war, they were equally feared (in addition to all the outgoing and coming, Austrians and Germans, the "red", "white" and "zhovto-blakytnaya" Petliura scum) of Makhno's bandits who came regularly, and the same bloodthirsty as the Makhnovists, the Kotovsky gangs, and other bandits, such as the "frostbitten" beast of the "Latvian riflemen" or the ruthless "Red Chinese", not to mention the other "commanders of the people's divisions" and small farmers' small "Taurida Gritians"! winked
            If you approach so strictly, Pan-Comrade Junger, then I, too, on the one hand, "after two handshakes" are familiar with Nestor Makhno and his wife-teacher, and with the leaders of Kholodny Yar, "through one handshake" with other "commanders people's divisions ". On the other hand, count everything "through one embrace", absolutely "in an embrace" with Nestor Ivanovich! Ce la vie! yes
            And yes, the "law of karma" exists and inevitably operates even after 100 years !!! - I, alas, now know it very well! request
            Human blood is not water and the suffering inflicted on people, as well as human curses, do not disappear in vain, they are then a heavy burden of all kinds of misfortunes, terrible diseases and deaths, they fall on whole generations of relatives (close and distant) of such "atamans" - mega-blooded villains!

            I want every Banderonazi shelupon, bloody war criminals - "heroes of the ATO" and their malicious "chieftains" to know about this too - that with their murderous atrocities they bring the Highest Punishment and Trouble not only on themselves, villains, murderers, but also on the current generations and their future relatives, for the unborn half-offspring!
            There is something to think about !!!

            My hundred-year-old great-grandfather, still a pre-war Tsarist Guardsman and one of the heroes of the First World War (a veteran wounded in battles, absolutely alien to the banditry of the Civil War, in the world, a law-abiding and peace-loving peasant-worker to look for and a master of all trades, this later helped to survive in the harsh conditions of northern exile!), without any reverence he called all these "people's atamans" bandits, including speaking so when they met, and in the eyes of these legendary "relatives" at the zenith of their glory (he had enough authority for this even for a word in his pocket However, somehow the "Reds" did not climb, when they found his royal military awards in the house during the next raid, they led him to shoot him, but the "red commander" who happened to meet on the way recognized his former brother-soldier and canceled the shooting - great-grandmother then threw out those awards " in the twist "-already in the 1970s, during the autumn digging of the garden, among our usual war garbage from the Great Patriotic War, I dug out of the ground one of those award crosses, with the words of some mottoon "rays"!).
            That great-grandfather was a stern, wiry uncle, under two meters tall and with strong fists with my boyish head, he was not afraid of anyone (already in the Great Patriotic War, being quite an old man, from under the noses of the sentry at night he carried from the German headquarters a body that had been exponentially tortured by the Nazis and burnt alive, our Red Army front-line scout and buried at the end of the garden under a noticeable pear, at the Soviet plane shot down by the Nazis, he collected the remains of the deceased pilot and buried it, noting the place and keeping his name - under Brezhnev, a whole memorial was planted on that grave of the Hero of the Soviet Union - and this only a small fraction of his, "the repressed enemy of the people", a feasible contribution to our Victory)!
            So, everything is relative, Pan-Comrade Junger! yes
            As there in the most immortal "classics":
            With what measure you measure, they will measure it to you!
            1. Jünger
              Jünger 30 December 2020 09: 31
              -6
              Quote: pishchak
              What a youthful, maximalist you are, Pan-Comrade Junger!

              Call it better "dear sir" then. Well, or "sir." laughing
              You will admire how you painted everything heartbreakingly.
              Yes, all of them are red, green and yellow-blakitnye - simple traitors who sold Raseya for a handful of marafet and revolutionary trousers. And the offspring have nothing to be proud of.
              White - all right. There, the percentage of decent people who remembered the oath was higher.
              1. beeper
                beeper 30 December 2020 11: 57
                0
                hi Thank you for the Kind Word, Dear Sovereign Junger! good
                Glad you rated it positively!
                Feeling the approach of the inevitable and, alas, now having no opportunity to give names and surnames, I try, at least in such an indirect way, to leave the memory of my ancestors!
                After all, the profession of the future is an "archaeologist on the Web", it is known, "what has got into the Web, does not disappear without a trace" and all imaginary "anonymity", one way or another, will open (and with the development of Knowledge about hidden Human Possibilities, a reliable "channel connections "with our, as I call it, the Universal Information Field and Mankind will have ready-made answers to all imaginable, and previously unthinkable" incredible "questions of the past-present-future, all past secrets and hidden names will be revealed, so it will be! yes )!
                All the best to you, my dear Sovereign Junger!
                To you and all our Readers of Good Health and Well-being under Peaceful Sky!
                Happy New Year! drinks
                With respect. hi
                1. Jünger
                  Jünger 30 December 2020 12: 00
                  +1
                  Quote: pishchak
                  Feeling the approach of the inevitable and, alas, now having no opportunity to give names and surnames, I try, at least in such an indirect way, to leave the memory of my ancestors!

                  What are you going to ... that - momento the sea? sad
                  1. beeper
                    beeper 30 December 2020 13: 42
                    +2
                    hi I’m not going to, my dear sir, because I don’t give up and “make plans, make God laugh”! wink
                    And "if what", then our Souls are immortal (this, since childhood, I know absolutely for sure! yes )!
  • DrEng527
    DrEng527 30 December 2020 17: 13
    +1
    Quote: Gato
    Makhno is no more a bandit than other participants in the Civil War.

    I agree, but on the red side - Makhno was the divisional commander of the Red Army, the Bessarabian robber Kotovsky was a commander, and the Odessa thief Mishka Yaponchik was only a commander ... request No matter how you treat whites - Denikin, Yudenich, Slashchav or Kolchak have nothing to do with the bandits ... hi
  • boris epstein
    boris epstein 29 December 2020 17: 41
    +4
    "Makhno escaped from seemingly completely hopeless entourage more than once. According to some of his chroniclers, almost 200 times."
    White General Slashchev pretty much smashed Makhno.
    The tactic to break out of the encirclement was to disperse one by one and in small groups around the neighborhood, since there was no uniform form. And then again converge. Yes, the tactics of civil war did not obey the white generals-academicians. They continued to think linearly - here the front - there the rear, here their own - there are strangers. Such self-taught as Makhno, and in the Red Army there was a dime a dozen - Frunze, Kovtyukh, Sorokin, Azin, Vinogradov, Budyonny, Shchadenko, Blucher, Kotovsky, Chapaev, Parkhomenko, Shchors ...
  • Dimide
    Dimide 29 December 2020 17: 50
    +1
    Nestor Ivanovich Makhno is a very ambiguous comrade, at different periods of time he talentedly beat both Whites, and Reds, and other foreigners.
  • Anachoret
    Anachoret 29 December 2020 18: 55
    +12
    Makhnov's "anarchy" was based on the principles of local self-government. In other words, it is a common modern form of government. Almost democracy.

    And besides military tactics, Makhno was a good agitator and motivator. He always called volunteers according to the principle "Do not fight for me, fight for yours." According to this principle, he repeatedly managed to enter one city with 100-200 checkers, and leave with 50 thousand volunteers. But before the very first battle, the volunteers returned home, and then new volunteers were recruited in the battle for new territories.
    Contrary to popular beliefs, the Makhnovshchina brought order with it in local government. Robberies and looting were punishable by death, and he defeated ataman Grigoriev at the request of the locals to stop the robberies.
  • Kushka
    Kushka 29 December 2020 23: 31
    +1
    The speed of the Makhnovist detachments, according to contemporaries, sometimes reached hundreds of kilometers a day.
    Next to Nestor, his wife in the saddle, with a saber, overcame
    100 km and more, which is not possible for every rider.
  • parusnik
    parusnik 30 December 2020 06: 21
    +4
    Evenings began on a farm near Dikanka .. smile
  • Pushkar
    Pushkar 30 December 2020 10: 25
    +6
    Is Makhno a genius? Let's start with the fact that the tactics "attacked, robbed, killed, escaped" is a thousand-year tactics (and practice) of all nomadic peoples who lived by robbery. The "heroes" of Gulyaypole did not fight for the idea, but simply went into predatory raids. Machine-gun carts were the first to be massively used by the British in the Anglo-Boer War, and the Makhnovist carts were most often ordinary carts for transporting loot with machine gun protection from those who were catching up. They plundered mostly unprotected strata of the population - landowners, German colonists, Jews (Uman pogroms). The robberies were accompanied by massive violence and killings. In a collision with regular units, the Makhnovists skidded, they knew how - in 11 days 600 miles from Uman to Gulyaypole. Yekaterinoslav was taken by the Bolsheviks, the Makhnovists were only 500 people. After 2 days, the Whites returned to Yekaterinoslav, and only 200 Makhnovists returned to Gulyaypole. Makhno was not a hero, but simply "Pan-Ataman Gritsian of Tauride" ..
  • 7,62x54
    7,62x54 30 December 2020 10: 29
    +3
    Lived, Makhno is already being dragged into the heroes of the Civil War little by little. The Overton window in action.
    1. parusnik
      parusnik 30 December 2020 10: 55
      +7
      The headline is especially touching: Nestor Makhno is a genius of lightning-fast war. What kind of war did he win with lightning speed? laughing
  • Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 30 December 2020 10: 46
    +2
    the success of the above strategy
    Your God to heart ... Maybe, publishing articles on a military topic, the author needs to understand what strategy is, and what is tactics?
    1. Essex62
      Essex62 30 December 2020 13: 13
      +1
      Man, from the plow is always a genius when he gets to the main road. There are thousands of such geniuses in the history of any country.
  • tank66
    tank66 30 December 2020 11: 08
    +1
    My relatives from the Bakhmutsk district / Artemovsk / when / when I was still in the USSR / I was there, by the "blue melon" they remembered some ataman Syroi with an unkind word.
  • zenion
    zenion 30 December 2020 15: 59
    +1
    In the Czech Republic in the Middle Ages, there was a warrior Jan ižka, who at that time figured out how to use carts for attack and defense. There was no machine gun at that time, but it ruined the life and blood of the Germans even without machine guns. So, Makhno was not the first in this matter. Even before him, the pioneers of the US Wild West did the same. First, than to write, at least look, if not read.
    1. svp67
      svp67 30 December 2020 16: 10
      0
      Quote: zenion
      Even before him, the pioneers of the US Wild West did the same.

      Each time has its own. Makhno was one of the first who not only placed heavy machine guns on light carts, which greatly increased their maneuverability, but also guessed to use them in a concentrated manner. Not only that, he had his own "Praetorian Guard" in his army - horse-drawn machine gunners "Lewisists", these then moved on horseback.
      1. Gato
        Gato 30 December 2020 18: 16
        0
        own "praetorian guard"

        Better to call them assault squads. The idea could have been suggested by one of the front-line soldiers; after the war, attack aircraft were very popular, as now special forces.
        1. svp67
          svp67 30 December 2020 20: 43
          0
          Quote: Gato
          Better to call them assault squads.

          No ... "attack aircraft" did not use such heavy and poorly adapted weapons for "eye-to-eye" combat, they had the first SMGs, automatic pistols, revolvers, grenades, daggers and cleavers, everything for close combat
          1. Gato
            Gato 30 December 2020 20: 46
            +1
            In principle, I agree that attack aircraft are a product of trench positional warfare. I meant the density of fire in a narrow area
            1. Gato
              Gato 30 December 2020 21: 01
              +1
              Well, or by analogy with the "panzergrenadiers" who were also mobile and were very fond of machine guns - "pferdgrenadiers" laughing
      2. Pushkar
        Pushkar 30 December 2020 23: 41
        +1
        Quote: svp67
        Each time has its own. Makhno was one of the first who not only placed heavy machine guns on light carts, thereby greatly increasing their maneuverability, but also guessed to use them in a concentrated manner.

        In the Russian army, carts have been officially in service since 1909, they were massively used in cavalry breakthroughs. Initially, carts were massively used by the British in the Boer War in 1905-6.
  • mmaxx
    mmaxx 30 December 2020 18: 33
    +6
    Makhno is one of the people's commanders of that civil war of ours. Someone was for the Whites, someone for the Reds, and someone for Makhno. He was a real force. And most of the people were for him. So many people simply cannot be bandits. Civil war is a great grief for any country. And who is right and who is wrong, sometimes you can figure it out a hundred years later. Let's not judge the people of that era. We did not live there and do not know that life. One thing is clear - Makhno expressed the interests of a large part of the peasantry. Whether they were real or not is debatable. But it was not a senseless and merciless riot. As well as the Pugachevism.
    1. Pushkar
      Pushkar 30 December 2020 23: 30
      +3
      Quote: mmaxx
      Makhno is one of the people's commanders of that civil war of ours. Someone was for the Whites, someone for the Reds, and someone for Makhno. He was a real force. And most of the people were for him.

      Well, it's not true. Almost all of his "army" was from Gulyaypole, they carried the loot there, they skidded there, as they pinched the testicles. There were crowds of such small-town Makhnovs, perhaps smaller, all over the land of Ukraine. "Can't that many people be bandits?" How many? I have already cited figures that Yekaterinoslav "took" 500 Makhnovists, 200 feet carried away. And that, the robbed peasants of the Poltava region, the inhabitants of Yekaterinoslav, also loved the "Pan-Ataman"? And when he got sick of red, they bent him ("real strength") lightly, there weren't even fights. It was not Pugachevism, but only a small-town "robbery-army".
      1. mmaxx
        mmaxx 31 December 2020 07: 35
        0
        You can rob your neighbors, you won't be able to rob your own. The population will not support. And Makhno was supported.
        It all begins and ends with robberies in civilian life. If almost gangs become a normal government they stop robbing and start shooting for robbery. All sides have gone through this. But here someone ended up with robberies, and someone ended up becoming power. They did not need robberies. Because loyalty of the population is needed. And they robbed because they no longer expected that here they would become power.
        1. Azamat Ramazanov
          Azamat Ramazanov 31 December 2020 15: 46
          +3
          Only in the Red Army did they shoot even their commanders for robbery, and in the White Army even Makhno did not have this. They did not shoot their own for robbery.
          1. mmaxx
            mmaxx 31 December 2020 19: 21
            +2
            When Soviet power became power, it began to suppress robberies, etc. That is why it won. As if now the lovers of the white movement do not try to tell otherwise. The whites ended up as bandits.
          2. mmaxx
            mmaxx 31 December 2020 19: 24
            0
            But Makhno was also a period when he was in power. And they supported him. It's foolish to deny it. No matter how politically naive he was, he tried to do something in those conditions.
  • zenion
    zenion 30 December 2020 19: 19
    +5
    Father once said that he was forced to create self-defense units, like hawks during the Second World War and pacify the bandits from the peasants, who plowed during the day and shot at night, and this was after the end of the civil war. These were the bandits who were under the command of Father Makhno. They attacked trains, banks, peasants and killed and stole. When they were caught, they screamed that it was their life that made them, they say, are so poor that they only have enough money for cartridges. After they cleaned up in Ukraine and the people decided to take power into their own hands, volunteers were gathered and sent to Central Asia to fight the Basmachi. The story was the same as in Ukraine. During the day he cleans the aryk, in the evening he shoots at the neighbors.
  • Icarus
    Icarus 30 December 2020 20: 20
    0
    Quote: Junger
    On the carrot plot

    carrots not only cannot be prepared, but also break fast, as they are a vegetable. But Marfutka could well do both.
    1. Jünger
      Jünger 1 January 2021 21: 49
      +1
      Quote: Icarus
      carrots not only cannot be prepared, but also break fast, as they are a vegetable

      You seem to be off topic - this expression in Russian means something that will never happen. Therefore, they wrote banal.
  • serggb
    serggb 30 December 2020 21: 01
    0
    It is not clear where Makhno got the ammunition.
  • Azamat Ramazanov
    Azamat Ramazanov 31 December 2020 15: 44
    +3
    Well, the red army gave snot to this genius regional bandit. And gave Frunze, the chief commanders of the entire army of the republic, advice. And he had no military education at all. And defeated all the tsarist eminent generals of the interventionists, and this Makhno was just a jerk for him.
  • SPQR
    SPQR 1 January 2021 11: 01
    0
    Well, in general, the tactics are so-so ...
    Only in the complete absence of the enemy's artillery and the same machine-gun armament can it work ...
    And so one complete battery would be enough to smash these cars to hell.
  • Petr Vladimirovich
    Petr Vladimirovich 1 January 2021 13: 03
    0
    Interestingly, former Ataman Makhno died in Paris, being a shoemaker. And former General Slashchev in Moscow, as a teacher of the Shot ...
  • VLADIMIR VLADIVOSTOK
    VLADIMIR VLADIVOSTOK 3 January 2021 06: 22
    0
    Criminal Bandit Strategy! It's that simple! They galloped on carts! Robbed the warehouse, let's get out! The main thing in gangster tactics is to get out!
  • Hiller
    Hiller 13 January 2021 12: 58
    +1
    Executioner and bandit. He personally shot my grandfather in Gulyai-Pole. A wounded Red Army soldier, he was captured by the Makhnovists. Grandfather, kneeling, at the moment of the shot grabbed the barrel of the Mauser. The bullet knocked out three of the upper teeth and exited behind the right ear. All his life he wore an upper denture and spoke in a whisper. They did not finish off, they considered him dead. A local resident then picked up and left. Thanks her. And it turns out she saved him, and my mother, and me.
  • Grandfather
    Grandfather 20 February 2021 18: 00
    0
    Genius? Suddenly attacking, in case of serious resistance to scatter in different directions is all genius.