Military Review

Outside the Alliance. Forms of NATO cooperation with third countries


NATO headquarters in Brussels. US Army Photos

NATO is currently actively cooperating with third countries outside of the organization. Such interaction is carried out within the framework of a number of organizations and formats, uniting several dozen countries from several regions. These measures allow the Alliance to expand its presence outside the Euro-Atlantic region and solve other problems.

Evolution of the Soviets

The foundations of the modern system of NATO cooperation with third countries were laid after the end of the Cold War. In the early nineties, taking into account recent events, the Alliance updated its Strategic Concept. One of the main foreign policy goals was now interaction with third countries that are not part of any blocs and alliances. Later, these plans were implemented through the creation of new organizations.

Already in 1991, the North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NACC) was founded. All NATO countries, as well as a number of European states, have joined this multilateral forum. Neutral countries and former Soviet republics were invited to cooperate. In its original form, the NACC existed until 1997, when it was reorganized into the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC).

Outside the Alliance. Forms of NATO cooperation with third countries

EAPC emblem

Currently, the EAPC includes 50 members - NATO countries in full force, 6 European countries adhering to neutrality, 3 states on the territory of the former Yugoslavia, as well as 12 states of the post-Soviet space. Almost all member countries of the Council have their diplomatic missions at NATO headquarters in Brussels. EAPC meetings are regularly held with the participation of officials of different levels.

Within the framework of the EAPC, cooperation is carried out in a number of main areas. These are peacekeeping and conflict resolution, the fight against international terrorism, joint defense planning, arms control, etc. Every two years, a plan of the Council's activities is developed, which defines the main goals and objectives for the near future.

NATO's cooperation with Russia, Georgia and Ukraine is considered to be of particular importance and priority within the EAPC. In this regard, in the past, the Russia-NATO Council was established, as well as its own commissions for interaction with other priority partners.

In the name of peace

In 1994, NATO initiated the Partnership for Peace (PfP) program. A number of countries that were not members of the Alliance were invited to participate in it, including former Soviet republics. At the time of its start, the program united 24 countries. Subsequently, the number and composition of participants changed several times.

EAPC member countries on the world map. Graphics Wikimedia Commons

At the moment, the PfP includes 20 countries in Europe, Transcaucasia and Central Asia. 14 states previously participated in the program, but have now become members of NATO and dropped out of it. Russia once joined the "Partnership", but at the moment does not participate in it due to the termination of cooperation on the main NATO programs.

The mission of the PfP program is NATO's assistance in the building and development of national armed forces. As a result of this development, the participating countries get the opportunity to full-fledged military cooperation with the Alliance, and in the future - to join it. Every two years, PfP participants provide information on the state of their armies, on the basis of which plans for further development are drawn up. In addition, NATO provides training for the personnel of partner states in its educational institutions.

Regional initiatives

In 1994, NATO launched the Mediterranean Dialogue (MD) project, which aims to unite the efforts of the Alliance and the countries of North Africa and the Middle East. In 1995-2000. only seven countries have joined this format - Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia. Expansion of the project is not planned yet.

EAPC Member Countries and Council Bodies. NATO graphics

Cooperation on SD is mainly carried out in a bilateral format according to individual plans for each country. At the same time, joint events are regularly held. As in the case of the PfP, under the SD, the Alliance countries help partners with training, planning and developing armies.

In 2004, the Istanbul Cooperation Initiative (ICI) was launched to complement the Mediterranean Dialogue by attracting new Middle East partners. The ICU includes Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. There are plans to include new countries such as Saudi Arabia and Oman in the ICU.

According to the principles of interaction with NATO, the ICU program is similar to the PfP and SD. At the same time, partner countries can provide the Alliance with their military infrastructure facilities and participate in its international exercises. In 2016, several ICU countries received permission to open permanent missions at NATO headquarters.

Global partnership

NATO's interests extend beyond the Euro-Atlantic region, and there are countries willing to cooperate with the Alliance. For this purpose, a format of “global partners” (formerly “contact countries”) has been created, within which interaction is carried out according to individual plans, taking into account the needs of the country and NATO's plans in relation to it.

Partnership for Peace members - marked in blue. Former PfP participants, now NATO members, are marked in green. Graphics Wikimedia Commons

Global partners include Afghanistan, Australia, Colombia, Iraq, Japan, South Korea, Mongolia, New Zealand and Pakistan. Cooperation is carried out through legislative structures and ministries of defense. At the same time, the methods of interaction with different countries differ.

New approaches

The described cooperation formats provide for the unification of third countries on a geographic basis, and also propose plans for cooperation outside the main regions. In 2011, the so-called. Berlin package - new principles of interaction with third countries. The main idea of ​​this package is to move away from geographical principles and to more harmonize approaches.

Since 2012, uniform lists of events held in the framework of partnership with NATO have been compiled annually. In 2014, we adopted the Partnership Interoperability Initiative, aimed at reducing the disparity between the armies of different countries. Depending on the current state of the armed forces and the political course of the partner country, the Initiative provides for several levels of interaction.

"Mediterranean Dialogue" and peculiarities of cooperation. NATO graphics

In 2014, the initiative “Assistance to non-aligned states” was launched. NATO offers advice on building national military forces. Georgia, Jordan, Iraq, Moldova and Tunisia have already joined the program and have been offered individual development plans. It is curious that when launching such cooperation, NATO gives preference to partners that are most interesting from a military-political point of view.

Own interests

There are currently 30 countries in NATO, and several more wish to join this organization. In addition, the Alliance actively cooperates with 40 foreign countries that are not part of it or adhere to neutrality. There are obvious reasons for this NATO interest in foreign cooperation.

Through a variety of programs, the Alliance interacts with almost all European and North African countries, gaining more convenient access to the Middle East and Central Asia, and expanding its presence in the Asia-Pacific region. Some partner countries become full members of NATO as they implement relevant programs. Military modernization programs almost always provide for the supply of products manufactured by the Alliance countries.

Thus, with the help of all programs and formats of cooperation, NATO gets the opportunity to go beyond its original Euro-Atlantic region and tries to establish relations with the maximum number of countries. In the future, their military and political potential is used to some extent in the interests of NATO. At the same time, measures are being taken to attract new potential partners - and obtain new opportunities. On the whole, such approaches justify themselves, making it possible to set and solve new military-political tasks.
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  1. 2 Level Advisor
    2 Level Advisor 12 November 2020 06: 09
    an article about those and how NATO has those who are ready to take on all the responsibilities of NATO members without receiving any rights for this .. there are enough such "stupid" countries .. some of our same neighbors think that they will rush to take them, how only in "love for NATA are recognized" .. and why take them? So they do everything that NATO says - even better than many "members" .. On the contrary, NATO is profitable not to take them, you can incite us, but it is not necessary to defend them .. so the maximum where they will be taken is in the sense of being fucked and thrown if something goes wrong .. as the saying goes "to promise does not mean to marry"
    1. Civil
      Civil 12 November 2020 08: 17
      The aggressive NATO bloc wants to seize the resources of Russia ... baaa ... so NATO is the main trading partner, the main buyer of resources ...
      In the country structure of Russia's foreign trade, the leading place is occupied by the European Union, as the country's largest economic partner.
      The share of the European Union in January-March 2020 accounted for 41,3% of Russian trade turnover (in January-March 2019 - 43,4%), for the CIS countries - 11,2% (11,6%), for the EAEU countries - 8,0% (8,1%), for the APEC countries - 33,2% (31,2%).
      Forced and twisted hands must be understood.
      1. Machito
        Machito 12 November 2020 11: 08
        We don't need this NATO.
        1. Turanov
          Turanov 12 November 2020 18: 23
          Quote: Bearded
          We don't need this NATO.

          NATO bang on humpbacks, slabs in three girths ..!
          Whoever licks their boots will get a nose shot.
          Who else loves NATO in our country? angry
          1. Machito
            Machito 12 November 2020 19: 02
            Your NATO is bad.
            1. Turanov
              Turanov 12 November 2020 21: 25
              Quote: Bearded
              Your NATO is bad.

              Shitty, this is so, ours is your NATO.
              Eh, it would rather be without NATO, the world would have sighed itself somehow
              Or will we help, kick the NATO soldiers?
              As if I could not lie to you, but it's time to take it off.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 12 November 2020 06: 15
    On the whole, such approaches justify themselves, making it possible to set and solve new military-political tasks.
    In general, yes..
  3. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 12 November 2020 06: 39
    Although NATO is our potential enemy, we should give them their due in the way they operate in the post-Soviet space, creating threats along the perimeter of our country. Maybe it's high time for Russia not to whisper about international law, as well as brazenly and unceremoniously to act in the zone of its interests, especially when it comes to national security. We were late with Georgia and Ukraine, Belarus is still with our help, in Armenia the pro-American regime may fly off, but who will come instead is a big question. And yet Central Asia, Moldova ...
    1. evgen1221
      evgen1221 12 November 2020 21: 07
      Well, let's say a pro-American flies to Armenia, and what can a pro-Putin give them? Well, yes, braces and planned increases in air prices. For me, it is so necessary to discard the imperial habits of heating at the expense of others and bring your country to the necessary conditions when they themselves will be stuffed into allies and will equal you and not by imposing their mess on the surrounding countries.
  4. Daniil Konovalenko
    Daniil Konovalenko 12 November 2020 08: 07
    You can be indignant at NATO policy as much as you like, but the collapse of this bloc is not threatened ...
  5. atos_kin
    atos_kin 12 November 2020 08: 45
    One more element of quiet brain drain from third countries can be added to the article. This is financial support for the participation of scientists in the activities of the NATO Science and Technology Organization.
  6. Andrei Nikolaevich
    Andrei Nikolaevich 12 November 2020 17: 53
    I do not understand the logic of NATO .. ​​Why promise admission to the bloc of homeless people, such as Ukraine? This is tantamount to the fact that we all the garage cooperative promised the drunk, to give a Rolls-Royce.