Military Review

Barge haulers of Russia and Europe

180

Painting "Barge Haulers on the Volga" by Ilya Repin


Barge Haulers on the Volga is one of the most famous Russian films. Written by the famous Russian artist Ilya Repin, it is familiar to almost every inhabitant of our country from the school curriculum. But on the whole, Russians have a rather vague idea of ​​this profession, which has gone into oblivion. To many, for example, it seems that the barge haulers themselves were an exclusively Russian phenomenon. stories... This is not true. The labor of barge haulers was quite widespread in Europe. The profession existed in many countries of the world and completely disappeared only in the middle of the XNUMXth century.

Barge haulers in Russia


The events depicted in Repin's painting became a kind of imprint of the history of our country in the XNUMXth century. Undoubtedly, this work belongs to the best examples of fine art and is an example of the rare expressiveness and strength of the Russian realistic school of painting. At the same time, the painting is an important monument of Russian material culture. At the same time, there are people for whom this painting is a kind of symbol of the backwardness of Russia and the impoverished life of the people depicted on it. Especially in contrast to Europe. However, the Russian reality portrayed by Repin was also typical for European states. The barge haulers' profession had no nationality and was widespread in all countries where it was necessary to conduct ships with cargo along rivers and canals.

In our country, burglary as a socio-economic phenomenon arose in the 200th century and existed in one form or another until the first quarter of the XNUMXth century. Burliness or "ship work" in Russia was called various types of work on river vessels, as well as timber rafting. Barge Haulers were a working caste of tugs of various cargo ships on water bodies with the help of twine, which was pulled ashore. A rope was called a very strong rope with a length of about XNUMX meters. Most of all it looked like a rope or cable.


At the same time, this method of escorting ships with the movement of barge haulers along the coast was far from the only one. Another method of wiring was often used, when a large drum was placed at the stern of a ship or barge, onto which a cable was then wound, to which an anchor was attached. Then such an anchor on a skiff / boat was wound upstream of the river, after which the barge haulers sailing on the ship took over. The barge haulers clung to the rope wound with an anchor with their ropes and went from the bow of the ship to the stern, choosing the rope, and at the stern of the ship winding it on a drum. After that, they went to the nose again - and everything started from the beginning. Having completely chosen the anchor, the boat was again brought upstream of the river, and the process was repeated again. Along this rope the barge with the cargo was crawling against the stream of the river.

For such work, horses could also be used, which were transported directly on board. Such barges even had a special name: horse-run barges. The use of horses was often more productive and cheaper, but it was impossible to do without human labor in case of force majeure. For example, if a barge with cargo ran aground, it was easier to pull it from a shallow place with the involvement of people. Therefore, barge haulers were often preferred.

According to only rough estimates, in the middle of the 300th century, from 650 to 4 thousand people were engaged in the burlak trade in our country. At the same time, the Volga became the center of the world burglary by this time. By that time, a huge river fleet had appeared on this strategically important Russian water transport artery. Undoubtedly, in its size, this great Russian river eclipsed all the canals and rivers of Europe. Burlatsky labor was extremely in demand here also because the river was not navigable in all areas and had a slow current (average speed XNUMX m / s).


By the middle of the 100th century, on the Volga alone, there were about XNUMX thousand barge haulers. Moreover, about half a million inhabitants and entire settlements located in the Volga region existed precisely due to the presence of burlak artels. Barge haulers not only ensured the movement of ships along the river, but also themselves invested in the economy of the entire region. They sent almost all the money they earned to the economy of the Volga region. In many Volga towns and villages, churches were even built with the direct financial support of barge haulers' artels. The best captains of river vessels and pilots often emerged from the barge haulers. The most intelligent of them could become elders and honorary citizens.

Barge haulers did not disappear either with the appearance of steamships, which were introduced slowly, or with the development of railway transport. Although progress certainly took its toll. Every year and with the development of technology, the share of manual labor when transporting goods along Russian rivers has been decreasing. Already in the second half of the XNUMXth century, steam ships began to outperform the barge haulers. But the railways made an even greater contribution. With the development of a network of railways in Russia, the burlak industry shrank in size more and more. This was primarily due to a significant increase in the speed of transportation of goods. Therefore, gradually the profession began to disappear from the banks of the main Russian navigable river. Having disappeared from the banks of the Volga, she lingered for some time on small rivers, where such work was more in demand.


Monument "Barge Haulers on the Volga" in Samara

At the same time, the barge haulers survived the Russian Empire. In the Soviet Union, this work was still used, but on a much more modest scale. Finally, burlak traction as the cheapest type of transport services was banned in the USSR only in 1929 by a decree of the People's Commissar of Railways, in whose direct subordination until 1931 was river transport.

Barge Haulers in Europe


We have already noted earlier that barge haulers are an international profession that existed not only in Russia. Moreover, it is not even only a male profession. Women in both Russia and Europe were often forced to do hard work. The movement of river vessels with the help of manpower along rivers and canals in Western Europe (we are talking about the Netherlands, Belgium, France, and Italy) persisted at least until the thirties of the XX century. In addition to human labor, draft animals were also used to guide ships and barges. At the same time, even important technical inventions, for example, the appearance of steam engines, could not completely replace such labor for a long time.

It was not only Ilya Repin who was inspired by the sight of the barge haulers and the severity of their labor, deciding to paint his famous painting. Italian, Dutch, French and Austro-Hungarian artists left such paintings for us. And in Germany today you can find monuments that are dedicated to barge haulers. In Germany, the massive use of human labor for towing cargo along canals and rivers ended a little earlier than in other countries, around the second half of the XNUMXth century.


Monument to barge haulers in Papenburg, Germany


Monument to Barge Haulers in Eberbach, Germany

The closest neighbor of Germany, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, used the labor of barge haulers in a peculiarity. Until the middle of the XNUMXth century, convicts were attracted here on a massive scale. Often the most notorious criminals were attracted to the hard work of towing ships along flat and swampy rivers in Austria-Hungary, who, before the abolition of the death penalty in the empire, would not have expected hard work, but a gallows.

The peculiarity of many Western European countries was also in their geographical size. There were simply no such endless expanses as in Russia. And the rivers, comparable to the Volga, too. In the UK, Holland, France, Belgium and Germany, there were a large number of channels. The size of these channels and their length limited the size of the barges with cargoes being carried, as well as the number of barge haulers that were needed to guide and tow ships. Fewer people were involved to navigate one barge, and towing took much less time. Whereas on the Volga the barge haulers could work on the pilotage of one barge with a load of up to 90 days or even more.

Another feature of Western European countries was that often the captain of a river vessel was also its owner. The ship was his private property, and there might not be a hired crew on board. Often the captain was assisted by members of his own family, who, like him, lived on board the ship. Not in all cases the captain had money for a steam engine and professional sailors-mechanics who could keep it in working order, as well as for stokers. Sometimes there was no money to pay for the services of draft animals. Financial difficulties then and now remain a fairly common phenomenon in human life. In this case, the captain himself, his children and his wife were forced to harness themselves into the strap and tow the ship.

Barge haulers of Russia and Europe

Transporting a ship, Holland, 1931

Burlak power in Europe ceased to be constantly used only in about the 1920s and 1930s. It was used periodically and later, but these were already rare cases. Finally, such work was made irrelevant by the massive distribution of reliable gasoline marine engines, which were easy to use and quite compact.

You can end the story with a comical fact from the recent past. In 2013, the famous French actor Gerard Depardieu escaped high French taxes and received Russian citizenship. Year for the actor turned out to be shock in every sense. In Russia, Gerard Depardieu became an honorary Udmurt, an honorary citizen of the Chechen Republic, and received apartments in Grozny and Saransk. At the same time, the actor acquired a new country house in Belgium, becoming an honorary citizen of the Estempuis commune and ... a barge haule! At an organized ceremony, the actor was presented with a special sling from the Satcheux fraternity, which used to unite local Belgian barge haulers.

Examples of European paintings dedicated to the work of barge haulers:


Austria-Hungary, artist Lajos Deak-Ebner


Lando Landozzi. The Boatman, 1931


Dutch Canal and Towing Line, 1800s


Theodore Verstraete. Man pulling a barge, 1900
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  1. Asad
    Asad 18 October 2020 05: 20
    20
    Plus to the author! Small but interesting article!
  2. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 18 October 2020 06: 28
    11
    "... Go out to the Volga! Whose groan is heard? Above the great, mighty river? This groan they call a song ... Then the barge haulers go with a whip ..."
    Nekrasov.
    And our monument will be more beautiful. There are more figures and they look natural.
    1. bubalik
      bubalik 18 October 2020 08: 35
      13
      ,,, over the past 6-8 years in Samara, many monuments have appeared.




      1. bubalik
        bubalik 18 October 2020 08: 38
        +9



        ,, and so it is clear to whom yes
        1. The leader of the Redskins
          The leader of the Redskins 18 October 2020 09: 32
          13
          Thanks for the excursion. I have never been to Samara, it turns out, you can make the city interesting without gold)))
          1. Phil77
            Phil77 18 October 2020 14: 54
            +5
            Quote: Leader of the Redskins
            Thanks for the excursion. I have never been to Samara, it turns out, you can make the city interesting without gold)))

            And for what * minus * were you given? request
            1. The leader of the Redskins
              The leader of the Redskins 18 October 2020 15: 20
              +4
              No wonder! I have "sworn friends" heels or two of personal minusers who, without looking: I criticize the authorities or write words of gratitude to the fallen political instructor, mold "minus" after minus! This morning my rating was about 800 higher, but, on the weekend, there is an open day in crazy hospitals, and some have an autumn aggravation! laughing
      2. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 18 October 2020 10: 32
        +3
        Sergei! hi
        And Uncle Styopa, what does he have to do with Samara?
        1. bubalik
          bubalik 18 October 2020 10: 52
          +5
          Maybe N. Mikhalkov and Z. Tsereteli wanted to earn money and be promoted? request
          1. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave 18 October 2020 11: 06
            +6
            Eeee ... Mmmm ... Mikhalkov and Tsereteli? Will it be promoted? In Samara? wassat
            However, Lieutenant Schmidt's children became impoverished!
        2. Fitter65
          Fitter65 18 October 2020 15: 16
          +7
          Quote: 3x3zsave
          Sergei! hi
          And Uncle Styopa, what does he have to do with Samara?

          And every Soviet town had its own policeman "Uncle Styopa" ...
        3. vladcub
          vladcub 18 October 2020 15: 59
          +6
          The same as "Comrade Sukhov" - the people's favorite. That "Uncle Styopa", that "Comrade Sukhov", that Buratino - the characters are loved by the people, which means they can "register" both in Samara and in your Little Homeland
          1. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave 18 October 2020 16: 03
            +3
            In my small homeland, there is not even Lenin Street. There is a city, but no Lenin street.
            1. frog
              frog 18 October 2020 18: 36
              +2
              But is there a Sovetskaya street ??
              1. 3x3zsave
                3x3zsave 19 October 2020 07: 19
                +1
                There is no such street either.
          2. Avior
            Avior 19 October 2020 00: 35
            +2
            Well, the monument to Sukhov was definitely not by chance
            Red Army soldier Sukhov has already been demobilized from the Red Army and is heading home to Samara ...

            smile
      3. Senior seaman
        Senior seaman 18 October 2020 13: 46
        +3
        Who's on the horse?
        1. bubalik
          bubalik 18 October 2020 13: 53
          +7
          ,,, a monument to the founder of Samara and the first governor, Prince Grigory Zasekin.
    2. bubalik
      bubalik 18 October 2020 08: 43
      +9
      And our monument will be more beautiful

      ,, the size of the sculpture is small winked
    3. cat Rusich
      cat Rusich 18 October 2020 16: 43
      +5
      The author of the article forgot to mention women barge haulers ...
      women barge haulers on the river. Surah 1910
      Women-barge haulers on the river. Surah 1910 A burlak could easily skip a season's earnings in a tavern nearby to the shore, and a burlak carried everything he earned home.
      1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 19 October 2020 05: 28
        +2
        Quote: cat Rusich
        The author of the article forgot to mention women barge haulers ...

        No brother in the tail, I forgot. I counted two references to domestic women fishermen and three foreign + sculptures.
  3. Van 16
    Van 16 18 October 2020 06: 39
    +6
    Yes, a very interesting article. And the pictures are interesting.
    1. Motorist
      Motorist 18 October 2020 23: 18
      +2
      Quote: Van 16
      And the pictures are interesting.

      Pay attention to the characters in Repin's painting: a man in a hat smokes (a breathing apparatus - to everyone's envy!), The boy just got a slap on the head (filonil?), But - most importantly - a man with a beard behind the boy writes SMS!
      1. Van 16
        Van 16 19 October 2020 05: 25
        +3
        Oh)) in the classical interpretation, he takes out a pouch to smoke, but I like your version too!))
  4. Reviews
    Reviews 18 October 2020 06: 49
    0
    rope about 200 meters long. Most of all it looked like a rope or cable.

    Oil, buttered oil.
    ROPE (Cable) - this is the name of the cable work, with a thickness of over 330 mm (13 inches).
    1. thinker
      thinker 18 October 2020 12: 39
      +6
      over 330 mm thick
      Is this for towing the Titanic? laughing
      It is not a diameter, but a circumference. maximum diameter 112 mm.
      GOST 483-75
      1. Reviews
        Reviews 18 October 2020 15: 18
        +1
        Quote: thinker
        over 330 mm thick
        Is this for towing the Titanic? laughing
        It is not a diameter, but a circumference. maximum diameter 112 mm.
        GOST 483-75

        I know that in a circle. This is a quote from an old dictionary, in the 1930s they wrote that, there was no other at hand. The meaning of the quote is different.
  5. 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 18 October 2020 07: 12
    +7
    We have already noted earlier that barge haulers are an international profession that existed not only in Russia. Moreover, it is not even only a male profession. Women in both Russia and Europe were often forced to do hard work.
    Hmmm ... If girls from wealthy families, in Victorian England, did not consider it shameful to haul yachts along the Thames, it would be strange if this method of traveling along waterways did not find widespread industrial scale.
    1. Van 16
      Van 16 18 October 2020 07: 24
      +7
      Oh, "Three in the boat, not counting the dog," remembered "))
      1. mat-vey
        mat-vey 18 October 2020 11: 53
        +4
        There are also barge haulers in "Gloomy River" ...
        1. Van 16
          Van 16 18 October 2020 12: 25
          +6
          By the way, a very good book, currently undeservedly half-forgotten ..
          1. mat-vey
            mat-vey 18 October 2020 12: 30
            +6
            Oh no matter how you do it ( repeat ) - they remembered about her and it seems like they made a movie again ... given modern trends, something becomes scary ...
            1. Van 16
              Van 16 18 October 2020 12: 36
              +7
              Tady oh ..
              You are right, modern film adaptations cause, to put it mildly, not very much credibility, especially when it comes to classics ..
              1. mat-vey
                mat-vey 18 October 2020 12: 39
                +2
                Quote: Van 16
                modern film adaptations cause, to put it mildly, not very much credibility

                Well, if only then look BadComedian ...
            2. Phil77
              Phil77 18 October 2020 14: 06
              +4
              Greetings Matvey! They filmed, not just filmed, but filmed a serial. And not just a serial, but on * the first / deliberately with a small letter! / Channel. So ..... scary! am
            3. Phil77
              Phil77 18 October 2020 14: 09
              +4
              Quote: mat-vey
              something becomes scary ...


              This is for illustration purposes only.
              1. mat-vey
                mat-vey 18 October 2020 14: 18
                +1
                Why are there no words ...
    2. Catfish
      Catfish 18 October 2020 07: 28
      11
      Hello Anton! hi
      Where is the information about British girls seething on the Thames? Isn't it from our film, where three Jews tried to portray the British and the only real actor was the fox terrier. what
      1. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 18 October 2020 07: 32
        +4
        Hi Uncle Kostya!
        No, from the book of a Czech, which depicts the journey of three English boobies on the Thames
        I haven't seen the film.
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 18 October 2020 07: 54
          +4
          I haven't seen the film.

          Consider yourself lucky, minus another disappointment in a good actor.
          What kind of book? I read a true Englishman about three boobies in a boat plus a dog.
          1. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave 18 October 2020 08: 04
            +2
            This is my joint! fool I always believed that Jerome had Czech roots. Alas for me ...
      2. Phil77
        Phil77 18 October 2020 07: 52
        +7
        Quote: Sea Cat
        where three Jews tried to portray the English and the only real actor was the fox terrier.

        Good morning Konstantin! And here you can argue! Why did our actors not please you? wink
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 18 October 2020 08: 05
          +4
          Yes, because the film is shit. And no need to argue request
          As the notorious chieftain of Culvera said - "The bank in Texas should be robbed by the Texans themselves." laughing
          1. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave 18 October 2020 08: 14
            +4
            And no need to argue
            But you must argue with such statements without fail!
            1. Phil77
              Phil77 18 October 2020 08: 23
              +4
              Hi Anton! Yes, it sounded a little ... categorical. belay
              Once again, it is extremely difficult, almost impossible to shoot anything masterpiece in the genre of musical comedy, and the actors are not in the business here. bully
              1. 3x3zsave
                3x3zsave 18 October 2020 10: 38
                +3
                Shoot - probably put on stage - as much as you like! And this is where the acting is important!
            2. Catfish
              Catfish 18 October 2020 08: 24
              +2
              Argue about your health, but I won't throw peas against the wall, I saw the film, but you didn't, and there is nothing to argue about. In general, as a child, my mother said one clever thing to me: "Never argue, because one of the arguing is, the other is a scoundrel!"
              By the way, my mother, your countrywoman, the war with Peter separated.
              1. 3x3zsave
                3x3zsave 18 October 2020 10: 42
                +4
                And I'm not talking about the film, but about the categorical judgment that denies the interlocutor's ability to express his or her opinion.
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 18 October 2020 10: 51
                  +3
                  Well, you know, I can't say about a person that he is alternatively good, but about a film that he is alternatively filmed with talent. Words, of course, can be chosen differently, but somehow there is no great desire when you see that a person is not just not allowed to make films, but he should not be allowed close to creative work. Although, you're right, even such a masterpiece as "Pig and Shepherd" will find its audience. After all, they walk and look, and even manage to reason. Ugh...
              2. 3x3zsave
                3x3zsave 18 October 2020 11: 25
                +4
                By the way, my mother, your countrywoman, the war with Peter separated.
                My compliments to your mom!
                And I'm not a "local", I'm from the "come in large numbers". As it is - the "limit" that this city grows from its foundation. There are no "indigenous people" here, who do not ask: "show the grave of your great-grandfather in St. Petersburg", they begin to change: "well, this ..., my grandmother was from near Pskov, and my father's grandfather, from Tver ... But my parents were born here. and me too, and my children !!! "
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 18 October 2020 11: 31
                  +5
                  And that, where the Motherland was born, there is the root. My mother was born in Duderhof, my father was in a shabby village in Ukraine, I am in Pyatigorsk, the mother of my children is in Mytishchi, and my children are in Moscow, well, who should they consider themselves to be? And the "limit" is a way of life and condition, and not any geographic reference.
                  1. 3x3zsave
                    3x3zsave 18 October 2020 11: 47
                    +3
                    And "limit" is a way of life and condition,
                    That you said well.
                    1. Catfish
                      Catfish 18 October 2020 12: 03
                      +4
                      It formed itself in the process of communication with representatives of the fauna.
          2. Phil77
            Phil77 18 October 2020 08: 14
            +4
            Quote: Sea Cat
            film der mo.

            Film is like a film. It was created as a musical comedy. What questions can there be about this genre?
            How did the actors play? As requested by director Naum Birman.
            * Bank of Texas *? I'll answer with a question. Is the film * Purely English murder * with Taratorkin, Muravyova, Batalov so bad?
            Well, I didn't like the film, what happens. recourse
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 18 October 2020 08: 42
              +9
              But if I saw "Purely English Murder", I don't remember at all, but I was always delighted with our Sherlock and Watson, because they can whenever they want. And I can watch Watson's drunkenness with Henry in The Hound of the Baskerville endlessly. laughing
              1. Phil77
                Phil77 18 October 2020 08: 48
                +7
                Quote: Sea Cat
                Henry

                That's who the whole film / series / ruined so it is Nikita Sergeevich !!!! He was constantly overacting! The surprising mismatch between the actor (in the past) and the role, as well as his sidekick, who played Barimor. lol
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 18 October 2020 09: 09
                  +9
                  I hated Nikita since childhood, but in this scene with Solomin, in my opinion, he is not bad. And what did you not like Adybashyan, I, frankly, do not very well imagine how a real British butler should look like. But I liked how Gaft did Brasset in Charley's Aunt.
                  1. Phil77
                    Phil77 18 October 2020 09: 20
                    +8
                    Quote: Sea Cat
                    a real British butler. But I liked how Gaft did Brasset in Charley's Aunt.

                    Here, yes! Gaft is good! And here is Ivan Pereverzev in * Purely English murder *.
                    1. Catfish
                      Catfish 18 October 2020 09: 45
                      +5
                      Having overturned is generally good, now you will not find such Masters with fire during the day. Do you remember "Blue Arrow" and the commander of the submarine Belsky, as he was to the senior officer: "Yanson, you have the eyes of a dreamily chewing cow." laughing
                      1. Phil77
                        Phil77 18 October 2020 09: 48
                        +5
                        Quote: Sea Cat
                        Having overturned is generally good, now you will not find such Masters with fire during the day.

                        Do not subtract, do not add!

                        And Boris Novikov ????
                      2. Catfish
                        Catfish 18 October 2020 10: 02
                        +8
                        "You will scold me, I will praise myself and the result is a complete balance."
                        "Tete-a-tete, like a man - a man, the wife will not forgive ..."

                        Novikov could do any role and do it perfectly.
                        Do you remember the Jewish jeweler in His Excellency's Adjutant?
                      3. mat-vey
                        mat-vey 18 October 2020 11: 14
                        +5
                        Sorry to wet ...
                        Quote: Sea Cat
                        Novikov could do any role and do it perfectly.

                        And General Thomas Wendeler? This is a masterpiece of masterpieces ...
                      4. Catfish
                        Catfish 18 October 2020 11: 19
                        +2
                        Matthew hi , and here for more details, which movie do you mean? I can't remember.
                      5. mat-vey
                        mat-vey 18 October 2020 11: 21
                        +6
                        "The Suicide Club, or the Adventures of a Titled Person" 1979 - directed by Tatar ..
                      6. Catfish
                        Catfish 18 October 2020 11: 25
                        +6
                        All! Remembered! And the movie is great too! good
                      7. mat-vey
                        mat-vey 18 October 2020 11: 35
                        +3
                        Quote: Sea Cat
                        the movie is great too!

                        I completely agree .... And also a somewhat free film adaptation, but the skill of the director and screenwriter - and I want to revise ... And "Three in a boat, not counting the dog" I read when the film adaptation came out and was completely disappointed ...
                      8. vladcub
                        vladcub 18 October 2020 16: 26
                        +1
                        I turned it off immediately
                    2. Korsar4
                      Korsar4 18 October 2020 11: 37
                      +3
                      On the list of my favorites. But filmed as a parody.
                    3. mat-vey
                      mat-vey 18 October 2020 11: 45
                      +3
                      Quote: Korsar4
                      On the list of my favorites. But filmed as a parody.

                      In the same place, Stevenson seems to be the stories themselves as parodies of the adventure novels of that time ...
                    4. Korsar4
                      Korsar4 18 October 2020 12: 41
                      +5
                      The film is brilliant in every episode: from breakfast without appetite to lovely weather on deck.
                    5. mat-vey
                      mat-vey 18 October 2020 12: 48
                      +4
                      "I have a tenant behind the wall,
                      a priest.
                      We'll have to divide by three. "
                    6. Korsar4
                      Korsar4 18 October 2020 12: 49
                      +4
                      “Why do you need to dig flower beds? You have a different calling! " (from).
                    7. mat-vey
                      mat-vey 18 October 2020 12: 51
                      +3
                      Yes, I often quote - on occasion ...
                    8. Van 16
                      Van 16 19 October 2020 05: 50
                      +3
                      "Are we running too fast?" - thought the police "(c)
                    9. Phil77
                      Phil77 19 October 2020 09: 58
                      +3
                      Good morning Ivan!
                      Today I read a wonderful phrase:
                      * A look from today. Soviet actors from Soviet films are playing better and better. *
                      How do you like it?
                    10. Van 16
                      Van 16 19 October 2020 13: 53
                      +3
                      Good afternoon! The phrase is really wonderful, absolutely to the point!
                      And the Soviet films themselves are getting better and better from year to year))
                  2. Korsar4
                    Korsar4 19 October 2020 10: 49
                    +3
                    “- And I don't receive invitations at all, only summons. I didn’t even read ”(c).
                  3. AK1972
                    AK1972 19 October 2020 16: 57
                    +2
                    "There is one inmate in Kensington Jail, he was sentenced to death. Maybe he? Although I would not dare in his place."
      3. vladcub
        vladcub 18 October 2020 16: 25
        +2
        "The Adventures of Prince Florizel". When I look at this general and think: he gave himself up relatively cheaply, another time his wife and he might "tavo": "accident" or how Armen Dzhegarkhanyan was robbed
  6. Phil77
    Phil77 18 October 2020 13: 53
    +5
    Quote: mat-vey
    a masterpiece of masterpieces ...

    * -Do you drink vodka?
    - And beer too. *
  7. Phil77
    Phil77 18 October 2020 13: 57
    +4

    Quote: Phil77
    a masterpiece of masterpieces ...

    From the same place! laughing
  8. mat-vey
    mat-vey 18 October 2020 14: 15
    +2
    https://www.kino-teatr.ru/acter/album/3105/440874.jpg
    The picture is not inserted - Novikov in the role of Tyorkin ... Novikov himself fought in the militia and worked as a milling machine operator at an aircraft plant ..
  9. Phil77
    Phil77 18 October 2020 14: 22
    +4
    Quote: mat-vey
    The picture is not inserted - Novikov in the role of Tyorkin ... Novikov himself fought in the militia and worked as a milling machine operator at an aircraft plant ..



    These?
  10. mat-vey
    mat-vey 18 October 2020 14: 24
    +2
    Second ....
  11. Phil77
    Phil77 18 October 2020 14: 25
    +2
    Quote: mat-vey
    Novikov in the role of Tyorkin ...

    After all, he was nominated for the performance of this role! But ... artistic director Zavadsky was against it, and ... they gave him a well-deserved one, the RSFSR.
  12. mat-vey
    mat-vey 18 October 2020 14: 33
    +4
    Quote: Phil77
    Quote: mat-vey
    Novikov in the role of Tyorkin ...

    After all, he was nominated for the performance of this role! But ... artistic director Zavadsky was against it, and ... they gave him a well-deserved one, the RSFSR.

    This is a magical world of art and high relations ... Well then, at least Furtseva held back ...
  13. Phil77
    Phil77 18 October 2020 14: 39
    +3
    Quote: mat-vey
    This is a magical world of art and high relations ... Well then, at least Furtseva held back ...

    Yes, for everyone. Here is a quote from the film!
    * At least here they consider me a jerk, maybe you too, but here I am ... I imagine! *
    * Shadows disappear at noon *.
  14. mat-vey
    mat-vey 18 October 2020 14: 41
    +3
    Well, all his roles (IMHO) are wonderful and buy and sell a masterpiece ... but the same Pechkin ...
  • Phil77
    Phil77 18 October 2020 09: 29
    +4
    Quote: Sea Cat
    I hated Nikita since childhood

    Well, PROBABLY? A movie where he played a character, that is, he was in a role, and not in his own * lordship *.
    1. vladcub
      vladcub 18 October 2020 16: 28
      +2
      "I'm walking around Moscow"
  • Reviews
    Reviews 18 October 2020 08: 53
    +5
    Quote: Phil77
    Quote: Sea Cat
    film der mo.

    Film is like a film. It was created as a musical comedy. What questions can there be about this genre?
    How did the actors play? As requested by director Naum Birman.
    * Bank of Texas *? I'll answer with a question. Is the film * Purely English murder * with Taratorkin, Muravyova, Batalov so bad?
    Well, I didn't like the film, what happens. recourse

    And I don't like the movie "Three Men in a Boat" either. And all because of the script-directing gag with the "love line". If it hadn't been for her, it would have made a pretty good film, but here ... There are funny scenes, however, in the film. The episode in the tavern with the "fishermen" is pretty good. But in general, the film is a C with a minus.
    1. Phil77
      Phil77 18 October 2020 08: 57
      +6
      Quote: Avis
      But in general, the film is a C with a minus.

      Probably with this film Birman missed. But ..... And what is his * Chronicle of a dive bomber *, eh? A masterpiece !!!!! good
      1. Reviews
        Reviews 18 October 2020 09: 49
        +3
        Quote: Phil77
        what is his * Chronicle of a Dive Bomber *, eh? Masterpiece !!!!! good

        Didn't know that "Chronicle ..." was also his. Yes, the movie is definitely great. But the script played a key role here. By the way, Kunin has a story "Airplane" - have you read it? I recommend.
        1. Phil77
          Phil77 18 October 2020 14: 34
          +3



          Great, great movie! good
          1. mat-vey
            mat-vey 18 October 2020 14: 39
            +2
            Quote: Phil77
            Great, great movie!

            My grandfather liked my cousin - assault aviation, I ended the war in Austria ... probably because of the military organization - he married the "mistress" of the military organization, in Vienna in May 1945 ...
            1. Phil77
              Phil77 18 October 2020 14: 43
              +4

              It is also impossible to pass by this film.
            2. mat-vey
              mat-vey 18 October 2020 14: 44
              +2
              Quote: Phil77
              It is also impossible to pass by this film.

              There is a place there when a projectile from an anti-aircraft gun hits the IL-4 ... still nervous trembling as I remember ...
            3. Phil77
              Phil77 18 October 2020 14: 47
              +3
              Quote: mat-vey
              nervous trembling as I remember ...

              The same reaction! And especially when the plane falls apart in the air!
            4. mat-vey
              mat-vey 18 October 2020 14: 48
              +2
              There, the pilot's hand burns away ... this is the place ..
        2. Reviews
          Reviews 18 October 2020 15: 22
          +3
          Quote: Phil77

          It is also impossible to pass by this film.

          "Torpedo bombers" is like "White Bim ..." - it's impossible to watch more than once. Too heavy.
        3. Phil77
          Phil77 18 October 2020 19: 54
          +3
          Quote: Avis
          White Bim ... "

          Yes, but * White Bim ... * even harder!

          A very good but terribly sad movie!
  • Aviator_
    Aviator_ 18 October 2020 20: 01
    +1
    The film is undoubtedly beautiful. The Jew-navigator strained a little. Of course, there were also courageous aviators among them, only, as my father, navigator, participant of the war, said, there was only one Jewish pilot in their 889 NBAP. The rest are Russians, Tatars, Uzbeks, Ukrainians, Abkhaz, etc., the entire USSR.
    1. Phil77
      Phil77 18 October 2020 20: 07
      +2
      Quote: Aviator_
      Jew navigator.

      Perhaps he served as a prototype?
    2. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 18 October 2020 21: 25
      +1
      Maybe.
  • Reviews
    Reviews 18 October 2020 20: 30
    +2
    Quote: Aviator_
    The Jew-navigator strained a little.

    It is strange that the Jew does not bother a test pilot who fought at the front.
    By the way, about nbaps. In Drabkin's book "I Fought in Po-2" there are many references to Jews in U-2. For instance:
    I still cannot explain to myself why, as a fanatic communist and atheist, the desire arose to pay tribute to the deceased in accordance with the national Jewish religious rite. Went talked with Jewish pilots, everyone agreed to participate. According to custom, ten men are required to participate in the reading of the memorial prayer. From my regiment went with me pilot Tolchinsky, navigator Lisyansky, engineer Kilshtok, two technicians, and from the 44th regiment there were two pilots and two mechanics.

    There were many Jews in the combat aviation. Boris Pivenstein flew from Kamanin after the Chelyuskinites. But he did not get there himself - Kamanin damaged his plane and took Pivenstein's board. Otherwise, a Jew could be among the first GSS. :)
  • Aviator_
    Aviator_ 18 October 2020 21: 23
    +2
    It is strange that the Jew does not bother a test pilot who fought at the front.

    Are you talking about Marek Gallai? He was shown in Bakhvalov's story "Tenderness to the Roaring Beast" under the name Falalei. It is very interesting to read, like the memoirs of Gallai himself. About Drabkin. He does a useful thing, but giving such names without quotes is also annoying. It turns out that Drabkin fought. Again, due to his nationality, he makes a selection in his books appropriate. Personally, I am talking about my father, in the mid-70s, when I was a student, I repeatedly visited the regiment with him. In fact, there was significantly less of this nationality (the only one!) Than in books and films about the war. I'm only talking about personal memories, don't write them down as anti-Semites.
  • Catfish
    Catfish 18 October 2020 22: 28
    +4
    My older brother Vladimir, who himself flew off as commander in the "Pawn" for half a war, generally considered this film the best film about the war and about pilots. And he flew enough, in the 44th, over Libava was hit, the shooter died, the navigator passed out, his brother had two wounds and one working hand, he bombed from the horizontal, managed to reach his own, sat on his belly, and even the navigator from the burning the plane pulled out - the Order of the Battle Red Banner. He told me later that if he hadn't dropped the bombs, we wouldn't have spoken to him now.
  • Korsar4
    Korsar4 18 October 2020 08: 30
    +3
    Serious question. Probably about the education of tastes.

    Konstantin, how do you, for example, feel about Frida's musical films?
    1. Phil77
      Phil77 18 October 2020 08: 39
      +6
      Quote: Korsar4
      Fried's films

      Good morning Sergey! The question is not for me, of course. I really love him * Dog in the hay *! hi
      1. Korsar4
        Korsar4 18 October 2020 08: 47
        +5
        I agree. And what a syllable. Combination of genius Lope de Vega and Lozinsky.
        1. Phil77
          Phil77 18 October 2020 08: 51
          +8
          Quote: Korsar4
          I agree. And what a syllable. Combination of genius Lope de Vega and Lozinsky.

          And the acting?!?!?
          1. Korsar4
            Korsar4 18 October 2020 08: 56
            +7
            Yes.

            "Not a single flaw" (c).
          2. vladcub
            vladcub 18 October 2020 16: 43
            +1
            There is a combination of: plot, actors and directorial skills
    2. Catfish
      Catfish 18 October 2020 08: 44
      +2
      To whom specifically, I'm not a film fan and the name Fried does not mean anything to me.
      1. Korsar4
        Korsar4 18 October 2020 08: 46
        +6
        As already Sergei, recalled: "The dog in the manger." And also "The Bat", "Twelfth Night". Also never a movie fan.
        1. Phil77
          Phil77 18 October 2020 08: 54
          +5
          Quote: Korsar4
          Also never a film fan.

          And!
          * Tartuffe *, * Silva *, * Pious Martha *, * Farewell to St. Petersburg *, * Green Carriage *. And that's not all!
          1. Korsar4
            Korsar4 18 October 2020 08: 57
            +3
            Silva is good. But The Bat is just a concentration of aphorisms.
        2. Catfish
          Catfish 18 October 2020 08: 58
          +7
          "Twelfth Night" - love from childhood to the present, in my opinion, just a masterpiece. "The Bat" is good, the duet of the Solomin brothers for Emu, Schultz's dog, is excellent to the point of impossibility. I liked "Dogs in the Manger", but less so.

          "Mandrata navel - mandrata na!" (from)
          1. Phil77
            Phil77 18 October 2020 09: 01
            +4
            Quote: Sea Cat
            "Mandrata navel - mandrata na!" (from)

            And someone said that the surname is Frid, he doesn't talk about anything ?!
            Oh! He said to rhyme! wink laughing
            1. Korsar4
              Korsar4 18 October 2020 09: 08
              +4
              You just had to search properly.
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 18 October 2020 09: 15
                +4
                Search - what?
              2. Korsar4
                Korsar4 18 October 2020 09: 25
                +4
                In this case, Fried's films are in your memory.

                I was thinking about how a conversation can turn from denial and debate to search.

                Although the second thought: are we starting to repeat ourselves?

                It is a consolation that good music complements breakfast.
              3. Catfish
                Catfish 18 October 2020 09: 50
                +4
                And there was nothing to look for, everything was already in my memory, but I simply did not know the name of the director, these films lived by themselves, without reference to the creator.
                My wife decorates my breakfast, and the hero of Tsushima, Admiral Rozhdestvensky (according to Novikov), loved to have a bite to the accompaniment of the orchestra.
              4. Korsar4
                Korsar4 18 October 2020 11: 31
                +5
                The wife was already lucky to train small ones. And my way out for the prey later today. And the weather is not flying.
              5. Catfish
                Catfish 18 October 2020 11: 34
                +4
                We, too, the second day is pouring, autumn - be it wrong. And to whom it once stuck: "I love you autumn rains ..." fool
              6. Korsar4
                Korsar4 18 October 2020 12: 48
                +4
                This is Vadim Egorov. Dolsky also confessed his love for rainy September.

                After the 2010 fires, I rejoice in the rain. But today he left me on the first run without prey. And now it is getting stronger.
              7. 3x3zsave
                3x3zsave 18 October 2020 16: 33
                +4
                "Putting on a shotgun, I crawl out onto the path" (C)
              8. Korsar4
                Korsar4 18 October 2020 17: 30
                +6
                More or less like this. Only more like Sharik with a photo gun.
            2. 3x3zsave
              3x3zsave 18 October 2020 17: 43
              +4
              he confessed his love for rainy September.
              And "Night in a lonely October" fascinates me. Although, in general, I do not like Zelazny
            3. Korsar4
              Korsar4 18 October 2020 17: 46
              +4
              I already mentioned, I like the Chronicles of Amber.
  • Phil77
    Phil77 18 October 2020 20: 02
    +4
    Quote: Korsar4
    in your memory

    Quote: Korsar4
    good music

    Oh, and chased this album in due time!
  • Korsar4
    Korsar4 18 October 2020 20: 11
    +3
    What can you chase after now?
  • Phil77
    Phil77 18 October 2020 20: 17
    +3
    Quote: Korsar4
    What can you chase after now?

    Great question!
    Honestly I do not know! winked
    But the truth is, what can you chase now? Search, get, exchange?
  • Korsar4
    Korsar4 18 October 2020 20: 32
    +3
    Not for anything. Maybe education is a "bottleneck". And if materially - some kind of specialized collections.

    Like a collection of flags from Kings and Cabbages.
  • Korsar4
    Korsar4 18 October 2020 09: 02
    +5
    Literally recently, with the Internet, I began to understand that there is such an actor as Yanshin. And the old productions of Gogol and Chekhov are something.


    At the same time, not such a big fan of Chekhov. I do not perceive plays at all.
    1. Phil77
      Phil77 18 October 2020 09: 12
      +6
      Sergei, I'll write a banal thing, but ... At that time, art was art. And the actors were actors. Well, they didn't have this badge in their eyes - * ₽ *! And commercial success was not in the first place.
      * O times! O morals! *.
      1. Korsar4
        Korsar4 18 October 2020 09: 41
        +3
        “What started with the letter El,
        It ended with a soft sign "(s).
    2. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 18 October 2020 10: 53
      +4
      I do not perceive the plays at all.
      And everything, in my (and not only) opinion, is very simple. Chekhov wrote plays for one actress - his own wife.
      1. Korsar4
        Korsar4 18 October 2020 11: 29
        +2
        Leo Tolstoy, for example, took Tanya, smashed with Sonya, it turned out Natasha. And how many people are read.
      2. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 18 October 2020 11: 36
        +4
        This is only in Russian culture "War and Peace" - Tolstoy's "magnum opus". The rest of humanity considers "Anna Karenina" a masterpiece.
      3. Korsar4
        Korsar4 18 October 2020 11: 39
        +3
        It's just a big world and a small one. Something like "The Brothers Karamazov" and "Dostoevsky's novel about Prince Myshkin, which cannot be called here." Although Dostoevsky does not have such a difference in the scale of the panorama.
  • Deniska999
    Deniska999 18 October 2020 14: 02
    +1
    In fact, the book itself is not a masterpiece either. The most boring thing.
  • vladcub
    vladcub 18 October 2020 16: 14
    +1
    Sometimes there are exceptions: "Holmes", "Winipuh"
  • 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 18 October 2020 08: 07
    +3
    And dogs are usually branded on the inside of the ear. wink
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 18 October 2020 08: 17
      +6
      This is not a brand, this is a cockade. You landlords will never understand us naval. yes
      1. Phil77
        Phil77 18 October 2020 09: 06
        +5
        Quote: Sea Cat
        This is not a brand, this is a cockade. You landlords will never understand us naval. yes


        We are certainly not sailors, but we have an idea of ​​water !!!
      2. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 18 October 2020 10: 57
        +3
        Yes Yes! Especially when you consider that my dog ​​climbs into any puddle (even Markizova, Labrador, however), and I have lived all my life on the coast ... Do not understand crying
    2. bubalik
      bubalik 18 October 2020 14: 38
      +4
      usually stigmatize dogs

      - Mustache, paws and tail - these are my documents!
      - There is always a seal on documents. Do you have a seal on your tail? AND? No! A mustache and fake ... you can. (C) laughing
  • bk0010
    bk0010 18 October 2020 13: 55
    +1
    But what, is Derzhavin, too, right?
  • Korsar4
    Korsar4 18 October 2020 08: 23
    +3
    Interestingly, they felt in this case their belonging to the "guild of barge haulers"?
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 18 October 2020 11: 13
      +4
      Do not despair wink , with such a seaworthy dog, and you on the coastal brotherhood will be honored for their scourge. drinks
      1. Korsar4
        Korsar4 18 October 2020 11: 27
        +4
        The beard will grow back completely. I get used to the image.
  • Catfish
    Catfish 18 October 2020 07: 21
    +5
    Thanks to Sergey! It was unexpected and very interesting, especially about "advanced" Europe. hi
  • Lynx2000
    Lynx2000 18 October 2020 08: 33
    +5
    good
    The article is great! Thanks to the author!
    I didn’t know what made of wood was then called chalka.
    At our river, manual, cable ferry crossing (push-pull), such a piece of wood with a cut at one end for pulling a rope was called a fit.
    Now the roach is used for slinging goods.
    It is interesting how at that time the divergence of oncoming ships was made.
    Did the barges drive only one bank?
    The right bank of the Volga is high.
    The point is to put a drum (spire or windlass) for sampling the anchor rope at the stern so that later it can be picked from the tank (bow) to the stern? Bilge barges, go across the entire deck past the hatches.
    It is easier to install the mechanism on the nose and select the rope by rotating the shaft.
    It is better to anchor on the shore, it is safer.
    1. garri-lin
      garri-lin 18 October 2020 13: 38
      0
      The drum, as far as I know, was not a winch. They pulled it by hand and wound it on a drum.
      1. Lynx2000
        Lynx2000 18 October 2020 21: 39
        0
        Quote: garri-lin
        The drum, as far as I know, was not a winch. They pulled it by hand and wound it on a drum.

        You probably thought this drum was something like a bollard or a duck?

        Earlier, the spire on wooden ships consisted of a wooden freely rotating vertical drum (horizontal - windlass) mounted on a vertical shaft, thinning towards the middle of the height and horizontal levers (punchings) inserted into the holes in the upper part of the spire.
        In this case, the hauling (winding) of the rope was carried out by a command manually, rotating the drum.
        Simply put - it was a winch, hand-operated in several human strengths.
        1. Avior
          Avior 18 October 2020 22: 33
          +3
          Capstan is called.
          The anchors were pulled out.
          In the 19th century, for some time there were capstans with a steam engine - they brought in an anchor, and then pulled up with a steam engine that rotated the capstan.

          https://ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%B0%D0%B1%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BD_(%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BF_%D1%81%D1%83%D0%B4%D0%BD%D0%B0)
          1. Lynx2000
            Lynx2000 18 October 2020 23: 42
            +1
            The same thing, only in French.
            I am interested in the principle of barge towing ...
            The author indicated a current of 4 m / s, not a slow current, roughly counting about 7 knots (if I am not mistaken).
        2. garri-lin
          garri-lin 18 October 2020 22: 58
          +1
          I will not argue. I don't remember where I read that it was pulled manually. The mechanism was short-lived and redundant.
  • ee2100
    ee2100 18 October 2020 08: 37
    +3
    A very interesting analysis of the painting by I. Repin

    https://suhov077.livejournal.com/19935.html
    1. Blacksmith 55
      Blacksmith 55 18 October 2020 08: 59
      +5
      Good morning .
      At school, they took apart every barge haule, who looks like, young or old, "sachek" or not.
      The teacher asked each one, each had to express his opinion, his remark.
      Thanks for the article, I really didn't know anything about barge haulers in "Europe".
  • The comment was deleted.
  • bubalik
    bubalik 18 October 2020 09: 18
    +4
    ,,, this type of transportation of goods in all countries was probably.

    China.
    1. bubalik
      bubalik 18 October 2020 12: 31
      +4

      "Trail"
      Hood. Telemaco Signorini
      1864. Italy
  • Operator
    Operator 18 October 2020 09: 58
    -1
    Credit photo - 1931, wild Dutch barbarians pulling a barge like in Repin's 1873 painting

  • Boris55
    Boris55 18 October 2020 09: 59
    +1
    Secret symbols and detailed analysis of the painting "Barge Haulers on the Volga":
    https://zen.yandex.ru/media/id/5d6ab5303d008800b6bd56b2/tainye-simvoly-i-podrobnyi-razbor-polotna-burlaki-na-volge-5da30d0ec7e50c00af78e33e
  • sevryuk
    sevryuk 18 October 2020 11: 25
    +2
    In Dresden, on the banks of the Elbe, a special pavement was laid out for barge haulers!
  • Was mammoth
    Was mammoth 18 October 2020 13: 21
    +2

    Without this song, the article is not complete.
  • garri-lin
    garri-lin 18 October 2020 13: 41
    +1
    And now the most important question. Barge haulers pulled not only ships. The barge haulers pulled a lot of things. Starting from tree trunks. Even the song of the barge haulers, Dubinushka, is about pulling a tree trunk. Why isn't there a hint about this in the article?
  • Tests
    Tests 18 October 2020 14: 24
    +4
    mat-vey (Matvey), dear, barge haulers and horse-drawn barges were on the canals of the Tikhvin and Mariinsky water systems, on the Severo-Dvinsky waterway, on the North Catherine canal, and on the very European canal of the Russian Empire - Augustovsky. I do not know anything about the barge haulers on the Vyshnevolotsk and Berzin water systems, on the Finnish canals, including the Suvorov ones. And the most annoying thing is that in my native Arkhangelsk region, I don’t know the novices or the boats pulled the horses along the canals on the Solovki, or went only on oars. Scourges along all the canals were originally laid.
    1. mat-vey
      mat-vey 18 October 2020 14: 55
      +3
      In "Gloom-River", it seems, Nizhnyaya Tuguska ... I am full of limpopo with this topic ... I remember the place in the book ...
  • Tests
    Tests 18 October 2020 14: 31
    +5
    bubalik (Sergei), a respected, brave soldier Schweik, seems to have ended up in Samra in 1917, after his release from Russian captivity. But Hasek, due to illness, did not have time to write a single line about it ... It is known that in 1916-17, Austrian prisoners worked on cleaning the Northern Catherine Canal and the North Dvinsky waterway.
  • Undecim
    Undecim 18 October 2020 15: 33
    11
    Barge haulers of Russia and Europe
    Why only Russia and Europe? And what is worse Britain, America, Africa, China, Japan?
    The authors of the site cannot write about anything without a sketch genre. A seemingly normal topic is a coastline, a land road along the shore of a waterway (river or canal), designed to be towed by people (barge haulers) or horses (horse barge) ships on a rope (usually non-self-propelled barges), called a rope or whip. This method of movement along inland waterways was widespread throughout the world and no one has ever argued (except for the ignorant) that barge haulers are an exclusively Russian phenomenon.
    Why are these antics about "contrast with Europe"? Or are they symptoms of an inferiority complex?

    "Tugs on the Yotsugi-dori Canal" from the series "One Hundred Famous Views of Edo", Utawa Hiroshige
  • kalibr
    kalibr 18 October 2020 18: 07
    +6
    What great stuff! I can only add that in great detail about the barge haulers is written in Shubin's book "The Volga and Volga Shipping" in 1927. There and their menu is given and salary, and types of work ... In general ... they were not unhappy, although yes, the work was not easy. But was the work of loaders, brick carriers, millers, blacksmiths easy ...
  • The comment was deleted.
  • Horn
    Horn 19 October 2020 07: 38
    0
    No, ours pulled tensely and with a groan, and the Europeans - with dances and songs. At least, liberals and Russophobes (which, in fact, are the same thing) are presented in this way.
  • Mikhalych
    Mikhalych 19 October 2020 14: 41
    +1
    Ilya Repin's paintings "Barge Haulers on the Volga", "Ivan the Terrible Kills His Son", "Procession of the Cross in Kursk Province" are the delirium of an inflamed mind. Read about the barge haulers Gilyarovsky, about the fact that Ivan the Terrible did not kill his son was proved during the opening of their tombs in the 60s of the last century. And I myself watched the documentary about the procession in tsarist Russia. Normal, well-dressed people. Just move fast in an old movie. wink
    I read that Repin's hand withered for such a lie.
  • Galleon
    Galleon 19 October 2020 17: 58
    +4
    Quote: Avior
    Capstan is called

    Such good clubs were inserted into the capstan, called punches or gandspugs. Handspugs could have a forging on their thick part. In close combat, they were used by sailors with pleasure.
  • Galleon
    Galleon 19 October 2020 18: 02
    +8
    Good article. I read it and thought: now the author will mention Rybinsk as the Russian capital of barge haulers and what it was connected with, and also mention that Gilyarovsky began his adult life in this city as a kryuchnik and then as a brigadier of brigades. Not wait sad Then you, the author, a monument to the haulers from Rybinsk.
  • acetophenon
    acetophenon 24 October 2020 22: 38
    0
    and had a slow current (average speed 4 m / s).
    recourse
    Dear author confuses nothing? And if you think about it?
  • Cowbra
    Cowbra 26 October 2020 16: 40
    0
    Jerome Klapka Jerome, Three Men in a Boat. There's a whole chapter about towing on the Thames)))
  • Ersh
    Ersh 10 November 2020 12: 15
    -1
    Once upon a time there was such a writer - Gilyarovsky. He had such a book - "My wanderings". He himself is from the Vologda nobility, but in his youth he hung out a lot and tried a lot of things. Including - he worked as a barge haule. I recommend reading, you will be impressed, I guarantee. Burlachism, it turns out, is not hard labor at all, as it might seem on the basis of Repin's painting and Nekrasov's poems.