I quite often use "VO" as a discussion platform. During the work of the site, many authors have developed a kind of circle of communication with readers, when the conversation goes beyond specific issues and takes on the character of disputes, searching for compromises between several people on more global issues than those touched upon in this or that material. Moreover, in such groups, people with diametrically opposite, even radical views get along without any problems.
I propose to discuss one of these topics today for all readers of the Military Review. Indeed, these dances with a national flavor on the corpses of compatriots "got" many. Tired of looking at how here and there someone suddenly saw that the neighbor's nose or hair color, or borscht are different. And the questions begin: who are you, this is my land, the ancestors of the ancestors of my people lived on it! .. And so on.
Which is better: destruction or unification of states
It so happened that today we can already see with our own eyes the fruits of what happened at the beginning of the process of the collapse of the world socialist system and the collapse of the USSR. Not once, in the mists of time, but during our lifetime. Before our eyes. I'm talking about the collapse of the USSR, the unification of Germany, the emergence of the concept of the "Baltic States", the collapse of Czechoslovakia, the collapse of Yugoslavia and other historically important events of the late XX - early XXI centuries.
It seems to me that both of these processes are negative and did not bring happiness to the peoples they affected. The collapse of the state always leads to a decline in the economy and human suffering. Czechoslovakia can be considered an example of a more or less civilized “divorce”. And even then, simply because the Czech Republic and Slovakia, even in a single state, were completely separate parts. The unification of the two states in 1918 did not lead to the creation of a single people.
All other examples of the collapse of established nations are negative. Blood, massacre, the collapse of the economy of the breakaway parts and the breaking of the mentality of the people. This applies to all countries. Starting from huge Russia and ending with unrecognized republics on the territory of the former Soviet Union.
Union? Germany recently celebrated another anniversary of the re-establishment of a unified state. People born in the USSR remember the holidays on the streets of German cities after the fall of the Berlin Wall. They remember the delight of the Germans and all progressive humanity. They remember the hopes that now both parts of the new state will absorb all the best that was in the GDR and the FRG, and will heal like a king.
What do we see today? The unification led to the emergence of second-class Germans. East Germany in all indicators of economic and social development is inferior to the western part. East Germans make up a negligible percentage of the country's political and economic elite. Even indicators such as pension or social benefits are lower in the East. The voices about the return of the GDR are heard louder and louder. But this is more nostalgia than real plans. As we have nostalgia for the USSR.
Economy of the newly independent states
After the collapse of the USSR, life in all the former republics of the Union began to change for the worse. Why? Yes, simply because a new generation came to power in the republics, which did not remember why Ukraine became the breadbasket of the USSR, why Uzbekistan became the cotton capital, and Kazakhstan - a window into space. In almost all republics, the opinion reigned that it was their country that fed Russia, dressed Russia, supplied Russia with receivers and sprats, etc.
The fact that enterprises on the territory of these republics were built by the Soviet Union and were part of the Union economy began to be forgotten. By the way, this applies not only to the former republics, but to individual regions of Russia. I remember the miners in Vorkuta on the Gorbatom Bridge near the White House, who knocked on their helmets and demanded higher wages and other benefits after the Vorkuta mines were privatized.
I have been in this mine city during the Soviet era. I saw villages with modern houses on stilts, I saw how difficult the miner's work is, I saw how difficult it is to get used to the lack of sun in winter. But then I saw how the new owners of the mines were buying out entire blocks in Moscow and Leningrad. How the reward system disappeared and how miners lost their prospects for the future. Who is interested in seeing the world after the disappearance of people, just watch the video footage of modern Vorkuta. No less tragic than in Pripyat.
In order to see the process of degradation of the economy of the once flourishing republics, it is enough to look at Ukraine today. This is an example of “fast forwarding” events that took decades in other regions. “It was built by the Ukrainians” in action. Everything collapses, and this process cannot be stopped.
Ideology and morality as the support of the state
Talking about ideology today is bad manners. Especially about communist ideology. But let's remember childhood. In a totalitarian state where there was no freedom and the all-powerful KGB reigned. Let's remember how we lived then.
We will leave the tales that the communists oppressed the people to human rights activists. For most people, party membership was more of an indicator of their importance to the country. A leader in production, an outstanding scientist, a good doctor, etc. Even holidays, and in the USSR there were three really national holidays, when it was possible to officially roam the central streets, it was even possible to use something intoxicating and be taken by a police squad not to a sobering-up station, but home.
Remember the division of the year? New Year, May Day, 9th November. But May XNUMX was a less grandiose holiday. Rather family. Simply because a father, uncle, brother, matchmaker, godfather, who were sitting at the table that day, ringing with military awards, were alive in any family. And next to them were those who, after the war, restored everything and were also awarded for this feat. I don’t remember that on any other day my father put on awards ...
We laughed at the "siskimasiski" (for young people I will explain: this is how the terribly complicated word "systematically" sounded from the lips of the General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Leonid Brezhnev), but we knew for sure that one had to study well. Simply because after graduation, excellent students will choose a place for further work and, therefore, life, and slovens will go to some hole to work out the prescribed three years at a local factory or in a local hospital.
Working in the republics, helping local cadres in setting up production facilities, in developing the social sphere, in construction, and so on were the norm. As a rule, it was also the fact that people were divided not by the color of their skin or hair, not by their speech, but by whether it was a person or so, a semblance of a person. And then we lived in one big country. Just in one place they ate borsch, in another lagman, in the third barbecue. And in a barrel on the street we were poured beer, beer, cheeses and so on, but still it was just beer.
After the collapse of the USSR, we became Russians, Ukrainians, Uzbeks, Armenians, Chechens, Estonians, Latvians, Belarusians ... We ceased to be a single people. Now nationality has become the dominant sign of a person's "correctness" and "goodness". Not a personality trait, but a "breed". Like dogs or cats. Pedigree means good!
Homeland is where I feel good
Very often, meeting “foreign bodies” on the street, whether they are some kind of bulk, Hare Krishnas, pink-blue, punks, rockers and other “others”, I hear exclamations: “Well, where did they come from? Where did their parents look? " Good question, huh? Where did they come from? Did the Americans teach? Yes, in most towns and villages in our country, Americans have never been seen! For the locals, an American and an alien are one and the same.
I am sure that the parents of these very "others" never taught them to believe in Krishna or support a notorious liar. They plowed in order to raise and educate the child. That the child was "no worse than others." And he became no worse than others. And no better. He is a product of the modern world, often not accepted by the older generation.
Look at who today is in the ranks of the opposition supporters, who is dancing in the streets with songs praising Krishna, who is in the forefront of opponents of everything and everyone? It's terrible to say, but this is the country's intellectual elite. Not morons, which some are trying to show them, but students of prestigious universities, young and promising specialists in the most fashionable and highly paid professions. These are those who tomorrow should become leading designers, people's artists, great physicists, brilliant doctors ...
And they will become. But not all. Simply because some of them will accept the offer of Western firms and leave to work abroad. They will leave simply because they pay more, there you will quickly get the opportunity to do what you love yourself, it is more comfortable to live there, having a good salary and a good position. And we, those who are now talking about patriotism and love for fatherly graves, will support them. Why should a beloved child experience what we have experienced. Overseas, a little heifer ...
Modern young people are sure that the main thing in life is to achieve something. And that means having a lot of money and being recognizable on the street. Not to become Korolyov, after sitting in Stalin's camps and without a salary, not to become Alexander Prokhorenko or Roman Filipov, but to be able to eat in an expensive restaurant, not to become a “holy doctor” by Fedor Haaz, but to drive a luxurious Mercedes ...
The idea that the Motherland is not where you were born and raised, the Motherland is where you are better fed, dressed and shod, is being introduced into the minds of young people. Let others, less intelligent, less educated, less ambitious, build a new state. And there, in the West, I will become great, they will welcome me with open arms. And try to convince them, young people, of this. They will give many examples of this order.
What to do to avoid revolutions and riots
It seems to me that in a period of global change in the world order, in a period when the stability of the world is violated, it is impossible to avoid revolutions in various forms. The situation when the majority of the country's population is dissatisfied with the existing order of things does not depend on the system of government, on the economic power of the state or on the weight of this state in world politics.
We have entered an era when people are no longer content with the order of things. Our grandfathers were happy that the war was over and that we could finally live like a human being. Have a family, children, relatives, friends and know that this will continue to be so. Our fathers plowed virgin lands, built Baikonur, drilled wells in the Siberian swamps and were happy that their work allowed the state to provide their families with everything they needed. We ... We successfully lost everything our ancestors had acquired in pursuit of beautiful wrappers of Western goods and were also happy. For a while ...
And our children are still unhappy. Yes, they have western cars, home appliances, latest smartphones, but they have no purpose. They do not have their own Celina, their own Baikonur, their Siberia and the Arctic. A full belly and nothing more. And they will look for it all. With youthful maximalism, with disregard for the lives of others, with "we will destroy the whole world of violence" ...
Consequently, our task today, our global goal, if you like, is that the search for the meaning of life for young people does not result in bloody revolutions, in the destruction of the state, in the murder of ordinary, peaceful citizens. Probably, we need to unite efforts in this search. After all, what a sin to conceal, and we do not quite understand what we need. Slogans are good, but not productive. Blood is not a catalyst for the search for happiness, it is a killer of happiness ...