I never hid the fact that I am an outspoken opponent of wearing masks and gloves. However, at the entrance to the store or pharmacy, or in transport I will wear them to the last. I just do not want sellers and drivers of minibuses to be fined, many of whom I have known for a long time.
We did not even have time to notice how in a matter of days almost the entire territory of Russia turned into a kind of penalty area. The site didn’t even have to be cleaned up, and the notorious public opinion at first was clearly in favor. The local princes, who received carte blanche from the guarantor himself, apparently decided that to frighten naughty people with penalties is the best way to save the masses from coronavirus.
However, I have little doubt that the so-called pandemic with ridiculous indicators of real incidence is much lower than half a percent, by and large, there is nothing to do with it. Someone will say that they held command-and-staff exercises around the world on the subject of how much a nation can hold out when it can’t do “nothing, nowhere and never”.
But it seems to me for some reason that in Russia, which, as you know, has a special to become, a simple idea worked out to collect, or rather, to tear off a few extra billion from the public. However, why only from the public, mainly from the business. You can rubles, but somewhere you can and dollars with euros.
And to do this in parallel with the global cleaning of business fields. After all, after self-isolation, self-liquidation will go, or rather, have already gone, all those enterprises and private shops that were lucky to gain at least some semblance of independence. As soon as the taboo on the right to bankruptcy is lifted, they will simply tumble down.
In the years of the Komsomol youth, the author fell under the analysis of flights in the faculty committee only for writing out the names of famous repressed from the encyclopedia. Yes, and compared the dates of death. In response to my objections that the information is open and is no longer a secret to anyone, the representative of the party committee firmly stated that the information was open, but doing this kind of analysis is not my business.
I remembered this as soon as I got into my hands a material called “Russia. Compulsion to quarantine ", open, but not too accessible. Authors in our time, too, may indicate on occasion that analysis is "not their business." Therefore, even if we are not the 37th year, I will not make links and name the names of many analysts.
In fact, very few are vested with the right to fine in a state of law with a somewhat stable constitution. First of all, fiscals and some of the law enforcement agencies. Non-acceptance write-offs of penalties and fines, as well as simply debts, have so far been the norm only by court order. Coronavirus made it easy to get rid of this kind of restriction.
Russia, following the example of several other countries of the world, has taken truly unprecedented measures to prevent the spread of a new disease. Now, the authorities have already begun to report nicely on their unprecedented successes, although the reason for the low morbidity and low mortality should probably be sought at all in the regulatory chaos that we have had for almost three months.
Recall, Moscow gave a start to everything, where they immediately decided to get ahead of all of Russia in terms of negative indicators. And got ahead. Ahead and in another - in readiness to put on stream. Mayor Sobyanin called his decree of March 5, although what decrees may the mayor have? The decree is a presidential affair, but let lawyers deal with this.
So, from March 5, the capital has already introduced a high alert regime due to the threat of the spread of a new coronavirus infection. Fines were introduced a little later, when the analytical structures simulated a whole range of violations for which it would be possible to mercilessly fine both the public and the business sector.
Apparently, the primitive closure of the business for many in such circumstances was even a blessing: after all, simple is a guarantee against fines. At the same time, it is not a secret to anyone that almost all who had at least some opportunity to try to provide certain services, to sell goods. Or a good "roof".
However, the conveyor was running. For Moscow, almost the rest of the regions hurried up and down. Some local leaders, but above all the regional security forces and fiscals, seem to have arranged a kind of social contest in terms of whoever writes the most fines.
Tatarstan overtook everyone at a kind of police race: they managed to start 55.603 cases on all kinds of quarantine violations there. More than 23 thousand cases - in the Krasnodar Territory. But in Chechnya there are only 44 cases in the courts, and in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug - the only one. And what do you think is less sick in Tatarstan than in Chechnya? Not at all, statistics across the country are not jumping much, which speaks only of one thing: you can’t improve your health with fines.
“Obviously, police and judicial conveyors for stamping fines in a difficult economic situation, as well as repressive practices during a difficult epidemiological situation, do not reduce the risk of spreading COVID-19, but only aggravate the situation, putting even more people at risk of infection, including detained protesters. A moratorium on human rights, including freedom of expression, and intolerance of protests in any form is a permanent sign of the political regime in Russia at any time, ”
- convinced Anna Bochilo, candidate of law.
Only on the eve of the Victory Parade, quarantine measures began to be quickly curtailed, even in Moscow with its terrible numbers and the little-known number of “April 15 victims”. Fortunately, the process did not reach the real chaos. The idea to put the matter as a kind of penalty conveyor, let it remain the idea. And it would be good forever.
Ostap Bender, as you know, knew four hundred relatively honest ways of taking money from the public. The organizers of self-isolation and quarantine applied the 401st, although the very conditions for its use were initially not called honest, the language does not turn out. Suddenly it turned out that you can fine just for the fact that someone was too far from their own apartment.
The penalty became a matter of life. The prospect of earning money on fines inspired many, starting with the valiant Rosgvardeytsy and ending with unknown security structures. And in itself a fine, more recently - something random, has become commonplace literally for everyone. In any case, from now on, it seems that the children will be scared by fines.
I'll start with the main thing. After quarantine was introduced, until the middle of June there was not a single day (not a single day!) When there were no reports from the regions about the number of protocols for committing administrative offenses in the open press. Fortunately, news cases of police arbitrariness and criminal cases related to coronavirus articles were reported much less frequently.
There is such an independent in Russia, we will consider that so, the analytical service "Justice". So, there the lawyers considered that in just over two months of self-isolation (according to all laws and the Constitution, this term already a priori implies voluntariness), almost 400 thousand cases have been filed with the courts in violation of Part 1 of Article 20.6.1 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation. This article is for failure to comply with the rules of conduct in an emergency or the threat of its occurrence.
We will not spread here that no one has declared any emergency either in the country or in any of the regions. Either the people decided not to intimidate at all, but rather, they simply regretted the money. But the threat seemed to be, and perhaps even remains. It is important that these 400 thousand cases with a minimum fine of 1000 rubles immediately give the treasury only 400 million rubles.
Much less cases were filed under another article - 6.3 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation, part 2, more capacious, with 15 fines, punishments follow for violation of the law in the field of ensuring the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population. This, apparently, for masks and gloves, or something else worse. There are only about 17 thousand of such in the courts, but even here almost 250 million are rushing.
Add to this the fines for the Social Monitoring application for those who grossly violated quarantine or self-isolation for two weeks, or indefinite, for those over 65 years of age. Only Moscow managed to issue such fines as many as 54 thousand in the amount of 216 million rubles. And it is unlikely that they will be allowed to not be paid to anyone.
Well, then for now there are already amounts of a completely different scale. If readers do not know, let me remind you that only in several regions of the country they did not follow the path indicated by the metropolitan authorities and did not introduce electronic passes and disproportionate fines directly attached to them. 5000 rubles - just for traveling without a pass - is, in fact, for memory, more than the minimum unemployment benefit. However, in Russia, it is probably believed that there is no need for unemployed people to drive around in cars.
By the way, no one has yet presented reliable statistics on how many fines have been charged at least in Moscow and the Moscow region, and there are big doubts that they will be able to get it at all. The inhabitants of the multi-million megalopolis and its environs will never forget about what happened on April 15 at the Moscow Ring Road, as well as at the entrances to the metro.
If you add to all this, St. Petersburg and all the little things from the regions, then even without a fine, you will get almost a billion rubles into the penalty treasury. About him, as well as about how much money the representatives of small and not so business flew across the country, in my next study.
To be continued ...