Military Review

Some little-known facts of the creation of the anti-Hitler coalition

37
Some little-known facts of the creation of the anti-Hitler coalition

May 9, we celebrated the 75th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War, which became the largest in stories of humanity. The war unleashed by Nazi Germany divided the armies of many countries into two camps.


After Germany attacked the Soviet Union, the British and American governments supported the USSR in its struggle against fascism. However, they did not rush to help open a second front, to put it mildly.

In 1941, the creation of an alliance against the Axis countries began, ending on January 1, 1942 with the signing of the anti-Hitler coalition, which included 26 countries.

The anti-Hitler coalition, both then, in the Soviet Union, and today, in the Russian Federation, is seen as a role model. This coalition is always spoken of as an example of fruitful and mutually beneficial cooperation of states with different ideological systems. They propose taking the anti-Hitler coalition as a model for current contemporary politicians. At the last Munich conference in February of this year, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov again considered it necessary to remind the audience "of the spirit of alliance during the war years, of the ability of states to unite to combat the common threat, despite ideological differences."

However, according to the writer Igor Shishkin, all of these calls both at that time and now on the rulers of the Western powers acted and are acting "like peas against the wall."

Some facts of the creation of that coalition are still unknown or little known.

What served to create the “Big Three” during the war years? What role did I.V. Stalin play in the creation of the “Anti-Hitler Coalition”? Igor Shishkin will tell about this, as well as about other undisclosed pages of the Second World War.

Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 12 May 2020 08: 20 New
    +5
    This coalition for me is an amazing combination of incongruous ... The United States in the 30s of the last century invested hundreds of millions of dollars in Hitler’s Third Reich and then also supplied everything necessary in the USSR for the war against the same Third Reich.
    The English Lord Chamberlain concluded an agreement with Hitler on the seizure of Czechoslovakia, and the English Prime Minister Churchill entered into a coalition with the USSR to fight Hitler despite his hatred of the Communists ... all the contradictions and twisted stories.
    1. Zementbomber
      Zementbomber 12 May 2020 08: 41 New
      -1
      English Prime Minister Churchill joined a coalition with the USSR to fight Hitler despite hatred of the Communists ...

      Well, then - Churchill considered Germany as the main enemy, and not "Red Russia" since 1933. Read Maysky at least.
      1. Same lech
        Same lech 12 May 2020 08: 42 New
        -1
        Well, then - Churchill considered Germany as the main enemy, and not "Red Russia" since 1933.

        Since 1945, Churchill considers the main enemy of the USSR smile .
        I read his famous Fulton speech ... a very revealing Anglo-Saxon speech.
        1. Zementbomber
          Zementbomber 12 May 2020 08: 46 New
          0
          With 1944 actually. smile He always considered the main enemy of the main actual the enemy. Very valuable quality for a statesman by the way. It seems and is obvious - but far from everyone has a positive response.
        2. Doctor
          Doctor 12 May 2020 14: 08 New
          -1
          I read his famous Fulton speech ... a very revealing Anglo-Saxon speech.

          And what is indicative there?
      2. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 12 May 2020 09: 15 New
        +2
        Quote: Zementbomber
        Well, then - Churchill considered Germany as the main enemy, and not "Red Russia" since 1933. Read Maysky at least

        No one needs to read here. Here, any Malomo literate person can see that if England did not help the USSR, then it would simply have been spread by Hitler on the world map, and all its colonies would have become part of the 3rd Reich.
        1. Zementbomber
          Zementbomber 13 May 2020 10: 20 New
          -1
          Before the Second Sedan - it was completely notobviously in fact. Therefore, the foresight of Churchill, who correctly assessed the alignment back in 1933, should undoubtedly be given credit.
    2. antivirus
      antivirus 12 May 2020 09: 04 New
      +1
      entirely contradictions and twists of history ....------ rocker is more harmonious than scrap
    3. Courier
      Courier 12 May 2020 09: 20 New
      0
      The United States began to invest not in the 30s, but in 1918, after the end of 1 MV.
      In the 30s was the Great Depression, the States were not up to Germany.
    4. Zeev Zeev
      Zeev Zeev 12 May 2020 09: 23 New
      +1
      redeemed mining concessions during the NEP.
      Neville Chamberlain did not conclude any agreement on the seizure of Czechoslovakia; he, together with Daladier, concluded an agreement on the transfer of "primordially German lands with a German population" to Hitler. Sir Winston Churchill said on this occasion: If a country chooses shame in the choice between war and shame, it will receive both shame and war. By the way, are there any contradictions in the alliance between the communists of the USSR and the Nazis of Germany?
    5. Blackmokona
      Blackmokona 12 May 2020 10: 13 New
      -1
      The United States also invested a lot in the USSR.
      As one example
      90 years ago, the Soviet Union signed a contract with the Henry Ford auto concern to build a car factory near Nizhny Novgorod, which was soon renamed Gorky, and throughout the world it was called “Russian Detroit” until the end of the 1940s. The company was completed in 18 months. Mass production of cars and trucks began in 1932.

      When the USSR and the Reich entered the war, business decided on whose side
    6. sanya
      sanya 12 May 2020 12: 11 New
      +1
      In the beginning, the USA created the military industrial complex of the USSR.
      For their money .. issued loans under state guarantees even before the establishment of deep relations ....
      then the British began to help Hitler as opposed to, so to speak.
      It was a war between the USA and Great Britain for world domination, and the Russians and Germans were pawns in this game.
    7. NF68
      NF68 13 May 2020 17: 12 New
      0
      Quote: The same LYOKHA
      This coalition for me is an amazing combination of incongruous.


      The USSR, on the one hand, and the USA with BI, on the other hand, sensibly assessed the current situation and came to the conclusion that at a certain stage it would be beneficial for them to temporarily be friends because otherwise losses would be unacceptable.
  2. Kuroneko
    Kuroneko 12 May 2020 08: 42 New
    +7
    However, according to the writer Igor Shishkin, all of these calls both at that time and now on the rulers of the Western powers acted and are acting "like peas against the wall."

    Well, everything was just there.

    "- Ooh, what a nice puppy of a German shepherd! Ooty-way! Here's a bone for you, here's another one. Do you want Czechoslovakia? Yes, don't mind growing big and strong! See, there is a bear sitting there? Well, face! How is a non-aggression pact? When? Bad dog, bad dog! Where are you grabbing at Poland? Give it back! Oh, bite your feeding hand? And here we are fighting in the face! Ai! Ai! Ai-ay-ay! Already Hood burst! And barely Dunkirk took it away ... F-fu ... What to do? Oh, and the bear is alive, fucking ... Well, there is a silver lining ... Misha, Mikhailo Ivanovich, help! Look , what a furious dog has grown up - throws itself at everyone indiscriminately! Where did the owners look! Let's bring her down together? What, the second front? No, you're there for now, we'd better throw sugar for this. Let's see, in general, amicably, how will things go further ... And how will you finish off, call me! We will certainly kick the kabysdokha a couple of times on the ribs, one common we do business! "
    1. Zeev Zeev
      Zeev Zeev 12 May 2020 09: 29 New
      -1
      Great Britain has fought with Hitler since 1939, if anyone does not remember. So the second front in 1941 was opened in the East. By the way, why did the USSR in 1941 not send its troops to Africa to fight against the Germans? Why did the Soviet falcons in 1941 not protect Portsmouth and Liverpool from the Luftwaffe?
      1. Kuroneko
        Kuroneko 12 May 2020 10: 07 New
        +2
        Quote: Zeev Zeev
        Great Britain has fought with Hitler since 1939, if anyone does not remember. So the second front in 1941 was opened in the East.

        Whoa whoa easy! Since 1939 there has been a "strange war" (the Germans themselves generally called it "zitskrieg" - a sit-down war). Those. The West declared war, but until the last was playing giveaway, nevertheless expecting from Hitler a quick turn to the East (which he did not wait brilliantly - Stalin played preemptive, concluding the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, seriously postponing the conflict).
        Quote: Zeev Zeev
        By the way, why did the USSR in 1941 not send its troops to Africa to fight against the Germans?

        For these fights of local importance? Sometimes for a couple of farms on the Eastern Front, more troops fought than in the entire African Campaign. Well, tell me why the hell do we climb into someone else's the colony? Did it solve something? And for Germany, by the way, too. Hitler was completely in vain harnessed there for his sidekick Mussolini.
        Quote: Zeev Zeev
        Why did the Soviet falcons in 1941 not protect Portsmouth and Liverpool from the Luftwaffe?

        Yeah. Those. Do you want to say that the British falcons defended Kiev, Sevastopol and Moscow? Okay, I understand you. = _ =
        1. Blackmokona
          Blackmokona 12 May 2020 10: 16 New
          0
          The French offensive in the Rhine Valley began on September 7, 4 days after France declared war on Germany. At this moment, the Wehrmacht forces were engaged in an offensive in Poland, and the French had an overwhelming numerical superiority along the border with Germany. However, the actions of the French army did not bring relief to the Poles, and the French themselves were in a dangerous position, not having achieved major successes. So, near Saarbrücken, immediately eleven divisions stormed the positions of the Germans, breaking 32 kilometers ahead. In total, the French managed to take 12 settlements in a week. However, the Germans, without losing their cities, thereby misled the French, accumulating strength. Gradually, the Germans began to counterattack: on September 10, the French repulsed the first attack near Apache. However, the offensive continued until the capture of the Warndt Forest. In this operation, the infantry suffered heavy losses from anti-personnel landmines, and the French offensive ran out of steam. The French army did not even reach the West Wall. On September 12, the Anglo-French Supreme Military Council met for the first time in Abbeville in France. It was decided that all offensive operations should have been stopped immediately.
        2. Zeev Zeev
          Zeev Zeev 12 May 2020 11: 34 New
          -2
          First, the "strange war" was only on the Maginot Line. There was a war in the air and at sea. Including with the participation of the RKKF, which covered German ships with coastal batteries, hiding from the Royal Navy in Soviet territorial waters, and sometimes even outside them (at that time the coastal zone was smaller). And the strange war ended in April 1940.
          Secondly, the Mediterranean theater of operations and North Africa in 1941-43 were much more important for the Allies than the landing in France. For one simple reason - fuel from Iraqi oil for the British army, aviation and navy went through Haifa and Suez, and not through Dunkirk or Marseille. Yes, and in Iran, many cargoes for the USSR went through the Mediterranean.
          Thirdly, and in 1941-42, British pilots fought in the Arctic. Defended Murmansk.
      2. Nemchinov Vl
        Nemchinov Vl 12 May 2020 20: 41 New
        +2
        Quote: Zeev Zeev
        Great Britain has fought with Hitler since 1939, if anyone does not remember. So the second front in 1941 was opened in the East. By the way, why did the USSR in 1941 not send its troops to Africa to fight against the Germans? Why did the Soviet falcons in 1941 not protect Portsmouth and Liverpool from the Luftwaffe?

        What is this Galician-Volyn version of turning history around ?! in tribute to fashion ?!
        1. Zeev Zeev
          Zeev Zeev 12 May 2020 21: 12 New
          0
          Never been to either Galicia or Volhynia. I love history very much and prefer to study it from various sources, and not in accordance with the party’s general line.
    2. Courier
      Courier 12 May 2020 09: 50 New
      0
      Czechoslovakia was at 38, some 20 years passed after the meat grinder of the Great War (as 1 MV was called in Europe).
      Neither England nor France did not want war on their territory, just as Stalin, by the way, did not want either.
      From 39 to 41 years, Stalin called this war Second imperialist warwatched too how will things go. Looked around.

      Now for the landing in Normandy.
      By the year 41, France was occupied.
      England was in a naval blockade.
      The US did not have a land army at all

      By the year 42, France was still in occupation.
      England loses the Atlantic to German submarines.
      The US is waging war in the Pacific with Japan.
      Throw Americans through other, Atlantic Ocean, to Europe is not allowed.

      By the year 43, France is still there.
      England finally begins to defeat the German submarines.
      The United States begins the transfer of two million Americans to the British Isles.
      Preparations for the landing in Normandy begin.
      In winter, it is impossible to land troops, as well as in the cold early spring and late autumn. The only gap: from late May to August.

      By the year 44, all necessary measures have been taken. Including a disinformation campaign. The Germans believed that the landing would be in Calais.
      June 6, 6330 ships and 10440 aircraft participate in the operation.
      One day, 129710 soldiers, 12500 vehicles, 1550 tanks and 23400 paratroopers were landed on the Normandy coast.
      1. Kuroneko
        Kuroneko 12 May 2020 10: 18 New
        0
        Quote: Courier
        By the year 44, all necessary measures have been taken.

        Complete nonsense. The Americans were fully prepared for the opening of the Second Front already in 1943. Roosevelt himself wanted to begin the operation in 43 (and even promised this to Stalin). But then Churchill got in again and by hook or by crook (and even by natural forgery - a "rehearsal" deliberately doomed to failure in order to "prove" unpreparedness), but achieved a delay until the 44th year. When it became simply dangerous to pull, because then the paw of the red bear would have stepped on ALL of Europe without hindrance - and the hedgehog understood that the Reich was already on its way. Roosevelt (not Stalin, mind you, but even Roosevelt himself!) was very unhappy, but the "Anglo-Saxon Eurosolidarity" won, and he gave in with a creak.
        1. Zeev Zeev
          Zeev Zeev 12 May 2020 11: 54 New
          +1
          Roosevelt promised to open a second front in Europe to Stalin at the 1943 Tehran Conference. NOVEMBER 1943, six months before the Overlord. And Churchill objected to such an early landing, since forces had to be withdrawn from the Mediterranean to support the landing in Normandy.
        2. Doctor
          Doctor 12 May 2020 15: 55 New
          -1
          Roosevelt himself wanted to begin the operation in the 43rd (and even promised it to Stalin).

          But then star-striped might have flown over the Reichstag.
          1. Kuroneko
            Kuroneko 12 May 2020 16: 06 New
            +1
            Hardly. Even at the very end of the 44th year, the Germans were able to shy away the Allies in the Ardennes so that Churchill immediately tearfully began to ask Stalin to begin the Vistula-Oder operation as quickly as possible.
            1. Doctor
              Doctor 12 May 2020 16: 22 New
              -1
              Hardly. Even at the very end of the 44th year, the Germans were able to shy away the Allies in the Ardennes so that Churchill immediately tearfully began to ask Stalin to begin the Vistula-Oder operation as quickly as possible.

              Even in the 45th, before the assault, we were 60 km from Berlin, and the Americans were 100. Churchill even offered Eisenhower to take the capital of the Reich, but decided that there would be a lot of victims (about 100 thousand).
        3. andreykolesov123
          andreykolesov123 14 May 2020 07: 16 New
          0
          Quote: Kuroneko
          The Americans were completely ready for the opening of the Second Front in 1943.

          The seizure of Sicily by the allies in 1943 is not a military action in Europe? Thanks to the operation in Europe, Hitler was forced to transfer the SS "Death's Head" division to Italy, the very division due to which Rotmistrov lost so many tanks near Prokhorovka.
          1. Unknown
            Unknown 15 May 2020 06: 26 New
            0
            the ss division, “a dead head,” fought in the west, only in 1940, in France, after until the very end of Nazi Germany, only on the eastern front. the SS division, the leibstandart, was transferred to Italy without heavy weapons ........... At the end of July 1943, in view of the successful operations of the Allies in Sicily and the subsequent fall of the Mussolini regime, the Führer ordered the transfer of the tank corps SS to Northern Italy. However, in view of the aggravation of the situation on the southern section of the Eastern Front, only the SS Adolf Hitler division was sent. Moreover, only the personnel of the division were assigned from the front, since all the equipment — tanks, artillery, transport — were transferred to the Das Reich divisions ............. this is the first. so that in Italy, the situation of the Germans was not very annoying. there were enough warheads that successfully defeated the allies ................. The German Goering division, which participated in these battles, acted successfully and was noted in the official communique of the Wehrmacht. So, on January 29, 1944, division divisions destroyed three US ranger battalions. As a result, by mid-February, two assaults on the “Gustav line” were repulsed, and Anzio’s bridgehead was successfully blocked. [12 And the standard in Italy was gaining strength, replenished with equipment, and personnel, and when it smelled fried in the east, then. ....... In mid-November 1943, the Leibstandart was urgently recalled from Italy and transferred to Ukraine. it turns out that the allies in Italy, not really, somehow helped us. Germans calmly threw the mobile units east, without prejudice to their defense on the Italian section.
  3. boris epstein
    boris epstein 12 May 2020 10: 01 New
    +2
    In the name of a future war of Nazi Germany against the USSR, England, France and the United States, in violation of the Versailles agreements, allowed Hitler to annex the Saar region in 1935 with several battalions, and in 1936 to remilitarize the Rhineland. Moreover, Hitler said: "If at least one English corporal looks angrily on our soldiers, the operation should be curtailed. "Germany's separation payments from 09.1924 to 06.1931 were supposed to amount to 11 billion marks, and during the same period, loans and investments in German industry from the United States and England amounted to 25 billion marks. Moreover, reparation payments during this period Germany paid irregularly and not in full, and with the coming of Hitler to power, it stopped paying altogether. Source-book Secret becomes clear, author FD Volkov, Moscow, Publishing house of political literature, 1989. In violation of the Versailles treaties, the West turned a blind eye to the formation of Germany tank troops and combat aircraft.
    1. Courier
      Courier 12 May 2020 10: 40 New
      -1
      It is interesting and who helped Germany?

      In violation of the Treaty of Versailles, the West turned a blind eye to Germany's formation of tank forces and combat aircraft.


      “Under the terms of the Versailles Treaty, Germany was prohibited from building and testing aircraft, tanks and chemical weapons. But in the mid-20s, the Germans established an aviation school in Lipetsk, a tank school in Kazan, and two aerochemical stations near Moscow and Volzhsk in the USSR. Red Army and Reichswehr with the code names "Lipetsk", "Kama" and "Tomka" was carried out contrary to the Treaty of Versailles. "
      1. Nemchinov Vl
        Nemchinov Vl 12 May 2020 20: 52 New
        +1
        Quote: Courier
        “Under the terms of the Versailles Treaty, Germany was prohibited from building and testing aircraft, tanks and chemical weapons. But in the mid-20s, the Germans established an aviation school in Lipetsk, a tank school in Kazan, and two aerochemical stations near Moscow and Volzhsk in the USSR. Red Army and Reichswehr with the code names "Lipetsk", "Kama" and "Tomka" was carried out contrary to the Treaty of Versailles. "
        I believe that the source is doubtless, such as Viktor Rezun-Suvorov, not otherwise ?!
  4. Pvi1206
    Pvi1206 12 May 2020 10: 52 New
    0
    the creation of the anti-fascist coalition played, first of all, an important psychological role, showing the will of the united countries to fight against the forces of evil ... it was a promise and hope for all people on our planet ...
  5. sanya
    sanya 12 May 2020 12: 04 New
    -2
    And how much does the dear author forget that the United States, for its money, conducted industrialization in the USSR?
    And why is he so modestly silent about why the United States created the USSR military-industrial complex?
    1. Procyon lotor
      Procyon lotor 12 May 2020 13: 11 New
      0
      So this is a classic of the genre - here I see, there I do not see
      1. sanya
        sanya 12 May 2020 13: 57 New
        -2
        He is ashamed to even admit to himself that the Russians and Germans were pawns in a strange game and that the sweet Bolshevik party worked for the Germans and then for the English and for the Americans, in short, it served all but its people
  6. apro
    apro 12 May 2020 14: 47 New
    +2
    Quote: Courier
    was carried out contrary to the Versailles Treaty. "

    I understand that the Soviet Union signed the Versailles agreement?
  7. Tests
    Tests 14 May 2020 22: 09 New
    0
    Dear commentators of the "Military Review", do not be lazy, at least, in "Wikipedia" to look, before hanging labels on other commentators! You will learn a lot of new and interesting things, for example: when, how and why the cruiser "Komet" passed the Northern Sea Route; "Basis Nord" where it is and what it is eaten with; who attacked Kirkenes and Petsamo from aircraft carriers on July 30, 1941, and the Germans stopped their attack on Murmansk for 2 days; why, defending the sky of the Murmansk region, British Air Force sergeant Norman Smith died in September 1941; who and what taught the squadron commander BF Safonov to fly in September-October 1941 (after all, he was not a cadet, and not even a lieutenant, on September 16, 1941 he became a Hero of the Soviet Union, the experience of the Finnish war was behind him in the Arctic and the Order of the Battle Red Banner was already for the Great Patriotic War).