Military Review

Trucks of the war years: GAZ-AAA, ZIS-6

19

The Great Victory was forged at headquarters, at the fronts, as well as in design bureaus and factory floors. An invaluable contribution to the common victory over the enemy for all was made by motorists and car designers in the USSR. Everyone knows the widespread use of the so-called one and a half trucks - GAZ-AA trucks. But there were rarer trucks during the Great Patriotic War. Among these are GAZ-AAA and ZIS-6.


These are cars that are very similar in many ways. For example, a single 6x4 wheel formula is implemented for them. ZIS-6 began to produce in 1933, and GAZ-AAA - in 1934.

The load capacity of the ZIS-6 in comparison with its predecessor ZIS-5 became more per tonne, amounting to 4 tons in total. Such trucks were used not only for transportation of goods. There were many modifications of the ZIS-6, in which weapons, searchlights, and fuel tanks were placed in the body. In the fall of 1941, Katyusha rocket-propelled mortars were initially mounted precisely on the ZIS-6 chassis.

The video review of the magazine "Driving" provides a detailed description of the ZIS-6 and GAZ-AAA. In particular, an assessment is made of the engines of the trucks, the fuel supply, and their thrust. All the main characteristics of these cars that played a role in the Great Victory are presented.

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  1. Insurgent
    Insurgent 11 May 2020 10: 17 New
    +3
    Trucks of the war years: GAZ-AAA, ZIS-6

    Despite all the "archaic" design (no hydraulics and other "excesses"), it was this deliberate simplicity that ensured the phenomenal endurance and maintainability of these machines.

    A noteworthy and little-known fact about engines of the ZIS - 5 (6) GAZ-AAA family (?) Is that not "bushings" (as is customary everywhere) were used as crankshaft sliding bearings, but "in place" alloy was filled "babbit", which in the conditions of field repair workshops relieved of the exact adjustment of the crankshaft necks, which could even be of different diameters (!!!) ...
    If only there was a "mirror" yes .
    1. Insurgent
      Insurgent 11 May 2020 10: 29 New
      +2
      Dedicated to front-line drivers of the Great Patriotic War, and to militia drivers of the NM DPR / LPR.


  2. gabonskijfront
    gabonskijfront 11 May 2020 10: 25 New
    0
    They said that they capitalized right on the road, cut the crankshaft liners from the overcoat, poured it by working off and forward, you’ll get to the reimbat, and instead of the carburetor, a pile of rags on which the fighter pours gas from the canister lying on the wing.
  3. Zeev Zeev
    Zeev Zeev 11 May 2020 11: 00 New
    0
    Yes, Americans knew how to make cars in the 1930s. That "Ford-Timken" (GAZ-AAA), that "Atokar Dispatch" (ZiS-6) - excellent cars
    1. Cyril G ...
      Cyril G ... 11 May 2020 11: 08 New
      0
      I can not disagree then the auto industry in the United States is something, a dream t.s. The golden season began in the 30s and collapsed in the 70s. Then everything became boring, brittle and was heavily crowded out by competitors from Asia.
    2. The comment was deleted.
      1. Zeev Zeev
        Zeev Zeev 11 May 2020 11: 26 New
        -1
        Lorry, GAZ-M1, GAZ-AAA, ZiS-3/6 - all these are American cars, produced under license at factories built by American engineers. Soviet there was labor and the refinement of machinery under the capabilities of Soviet industry.
        1. gabonskijfront
          gabonskijfront 11 May 2020 11: 40 New
          -1
          What is drowning for Americans, these are well-known facts, it would not be profitable if they didn’t hit a finger on a finger. They kept their burly interest even then and now. By the way, they helped the Germans better.
          1. Zeev Zeev
            Zeev Zeev 11 May 2020 12: 42 New
            +1
            By the way, they didn’t help, but earned on cheap labor. And in the USSR they earned on the sale of licenses, technologies and entire factories. By the way, as the Germans earned on technology for the USSR.
        2. Insurgent
          Insurgent 11 May 2020 12: 16 New
          +4
          Quote: Zeev Zeev
          Lorry, GAZ-M1, GAZ-AAA, ZiS-3/6 - all these are American cars

          Well yes, I recall your message lol that Catherine II was German (Prussian) (!!!) fellow the empress, only based on the fact of its origin belay .

          And so, the story repeats ... At the arena, all the same ...
          1. Zeev Zeev
            Zeev Zeev 11 May 2020 12: 55 New
            0
            As far as I remember, the speech was that three German monarchs divided the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
        3. Sergey S.
          Sergey S. 11 May 2020 12: 26 New
          -1
          Quote: Zeev Zeev
          Lorry, GAZ-M1, GAZ-AAA, ZiS-3/6 - all these are American cars, produced under license at factories built by American engineers. Soviet there was labor and the refinement of machinery under the capabilities of Soviet industry.

          It is sometimes more difficult to produce someone else’s design than their own development.
          Therefore, your words are from a fairy tale thirty years ago.
          If you do not understand the technological problem, think about why today we can’t copy almost anything good ???
          And if this is not mastered, look at the T-34 and Christie’s tank ... Here is a real example of Russian copying of American equipment.
          1. Zeev Zeev
            Zeev Zeev 11 May 2020 12: 51 New
            0
            No, the T-34 is a copy. The copy was BT-2. And "thirty-four" is the development of the Christie tank.
            1. Vladimir_2U
              Vladimir_2U 14 May 2020 06: 25 New
              0
              Quote: Zeev Zeev
              Copy was BT-2
              Bullshit, enough photos to understand that the BT-2 is not a copy but the development of Christie's M-1931, and from Christie in the T-34 only the general suspension solution remains.
              1. Zeev Zeev
                Zeev Zeev 14 May 2020 07: 26 New
                0
                The general decision of the suspension, the general layout, the driver’s hatch on the frontal armor ...
    3. strannik1985
      strannik1985 11 May 2020 12: 54 New
      0
      Are you confusing anything? Maybe Ford Timken - Gas-AA, and Autocar Dispatch - Zis-5?
      1. Zeev Zeev
        Zeev Zeev 11 May 2020 13: 14 New
        0
        Timken is GAZ-AAA, but about ZiS-6 you are half right. The dispatch was the basis of the ZiS-5, and from it the ZiS-6 was already made, Timken's rear axle was copied
    4. Ros 56
      Ros 56 11 May 2020 12: 57 New
      0
      Just do not lie, they were all reworked under our conditions, remember the film "Director"
  4. Ros 56
    Ros 56 11 May 2020 12: 54 New
    0
    In the late 70s, an interesting grandfather worked for us. During the war I was a carrier on a lorry, so I told how liners were put on a crankshaft from a leather belt and nothing, for a while the car went. He told how he was captured, then fled and fought in the poppies (French partisans), showed a photo of how I did not know how to survive.
  5. tolancop
    tolancop 9 July 2020 19: 17 New
    0
    Quote: Insurgent
    A noteworthy and little-known fact about engines of the ZIS - 5 (6) GAZ-AAA family (?) Is that not "bushings" (as is customary everywhere) were used as crankshaft sliding bearings, but "in place" alloy was filled babbit

    Inserts are accepted everywhere now, and in those days bearings for filling with babbitt was a common and common design solution, for tractor engines for sure, and I think that for automobile ones too.