Military Review

Evidence of the advantages of the Russian S-400 over the American Patriot and THAAD

54

The Russian S-400 air defense system enjoys well-deserved authority in the world of air defense systems. This is evidenced even by the fact of the purchase by Turkey - a NATO member country. S-400 surpasses its American counterparts in a number of indicators.


There are several obvious advantages of the S-400 over American anti-aircraft missile systems. First of all, we are talking about Patriot complexes, which are often compared with the S-400. The advantages of the Russian air defense system over the Patriot can conditionally be divided into two groups - technical and financial.

According to a number of American military experts, the technical advantages include the range of S-400 air defense missile targets, the accuracy of aiming, and the ability to successfully counter stealth technologies used by the enemy using sophisticated sensors. So, “Patriot” has a short range and a height of interception of the target - only 20 and 7 km from the object protected by the complex.

Therefore, you have to use whole batteries of air defense systems to cover objects. The S-400, these figures are many times better - 400 kilometers in radius. This means that the Russian air defense system is capable of providing protection of a much greater distance.

The radar systems used in the S-400 air defense system also have excellent characteristics. The applied radar of the circular review with a two-sided phased array detects all types of flying objects at a distance of up to 600 km - airplanes, unmanned aerial vehicles, cruise missiles. After identifying the target, one of the five types of missiles in service with the S-400 is launched.


Each missile is designed to hit a target at a certain height, it is aimed at the target both by control and independently, without the need for illumination of the tracking radar. Thanks to this, such an air defense system is created that experts call layered. It is also worth noting that there is a lower Patriot operating limit of 60 meters, while the S-400 knocks down targets at a distance of only 5 meters above ground level.

S-400 is compared with another American system - THAAD. At one time, the Americans were diligently trying to break the contract for the supply of S-400 for the needs of India, but Indian experts said: S-400 is superior to THAAD. So, if the latter is designed to deal only with enemy ballistic missiles, then the S-400 works on any air targets. In addition, THAAD has only one missile, which is said for all occasions.


Despite the impressive height of target destruction, THAAD cannot destroy targets at a relatively short distance, that is, enemy aircraft, cruise missiles. But it is precisely this task that is most important for the air defense of many countries, since ballistic missile attacks are unlikely, but enemy fighter flights and cruise missile attacks are quite possible. And if THAAD is not capable of hitting aerodynamic targets, then the S-400 can, under certain conditions, hit a ballistic missile.

Many countries of the world, nevertheless, prefer the S-400 not only due to their excellent technical characteristics, but also because of its low financial cost for such quality. Richard Connolly, an expert at the University of Birmingham, believes that it is the cheapness factor that largely determines the attractiveness of the Russian anti-aircraft missile system.

Indeed, if we compare the cost of air defense systems, the S-400 will cost an average of $ 500 million, and the Patriot Pac-2 - $ 2 billion. If we talk about the cost of THAAD, then it is even higher - $ 3 billion. However, the representative of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) Andrew Hunter, trying to explain such a significant difference in cost, argues that American systems also include service in the price.
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  1. Ilya-spb
    Ilya-spb April 28 2020 10: 18 New
    +6
    To remove all questions, the S-400 must be removed F-35.

    And then there will be no talk about the TAADs)
  2. Same lech
    Same lech April 28 2020 10: 19 New
    +5
    Nadela needs to test the effectiveness of the S-400 ... until it knocks down some sort of aggressor aircraft from the West ... then you can sing praises to this system.
    1. rocket757
      rocket757 April 28 2020 10: 48 New
      +1
      Okay, maybe because they don’t fly because they don’t want to check. But to write such nonsense, about a very serious opponent, this is pf-e.
      1. Same lech
        Same lech April 28 2020 10: 52 New
        -3
        Okay, maybe because they don’t fly because they don’t want to check.
        Fly ... in Syria ... Jewish fighters ... still chuckle at our air defense systems.
        1. rocket757
          rocket757 April 28 2020 10: 56 New
          +8
          Not an option. There they rule not the military, but the politicians. That’s the whole story.
          1. Horst78
            Horst78 April 28 2020 11: 14 New
            +6
            Quote: rocket757
            There they rule not the military, but the politicians.

            There is a goal. There is no task.
            1. rocket757
              rocket757 April 28 2020 12: 14 New
              +1
              We do not know all business. And if they knew, anyway, many would not have accepted why this is done.
              I do not criticize, but it seems strange, many of the things there are.
              1. guerrilla
                guerrilla April 28 2020 14: 29 New
                +2
                We do not know all business

                Quite right, we also for the most part do not know that Iran considers us to be anything but an ally. And it has every reason to do so.
                1. rocket757
                  rocket757 April 28 2020 15: 03 New
                  +2
                  They uselessly try to convince the ignorant, but he who believes everything, he understood everything and knows everything. Waste of time.
                  In BV, we cannot have friends, by definition.
                  This is a different world.
          2. The comment was deleted.
        2. The comment was deleted.
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 April 28 2020 12: 16 New
            0
            East business ... muddy! Too much incomprehensible.
  3. smaug78
    smaug78 April 28 2020 10: 29 New
    +2
    That's right, compare different things and jump. Keep going the yellow road, once your beloved TopWar ...
    1. Bongo
      Bongo April 28 2020 13: 23 New
      +8
      It’s great that TopWar is an open platform where every reader can post their thoughts. But some articles do not color the site, I have not read such a mishmash of absurdities for a long time. negative It is a pity that the author of this nonsense decided to remain anonymous.
      1. Alexander mosin
        Alexander mosin April 28 2020 15: 31 New
        -3
        Quote: Bongo
        It’s great that TopWar is an open platform where every reader can post their thoughts.

        Precisely, everyone who adheres to a certain, correct opinion, local marshals will not let you lie!
        1. zyablik.olga
          zyablik.olga April 28 2020 15: 54 New
          +4
          Quote: Alexander Mosin
          Precisely, everyone who adheres to a certain, correct opinion, local marshals will not let you lie!

          The point is that everyone can publish an article (even such a delusional one as this), and the marshals have no reason to do so. No.
  4. AAK
    AAK April 28 2020 10: 30 New
    11
    Even being a patriot, one should not forget about objectivity. Let the Patriot show not the highest efficiency in military conflicts in the Persian Gulf, but it was the use of air defense systems against real targets in a real combat situation, albeit during a conflict of relatively low efficiency. So far, we only know about the S-400 (even about the S-300 of various modifications) from the reports on field tests.
    1. lucul
      lucul April 28 2020 10: 43 New
      -4
      Even as a patriot, one must not forget about objectivity.

      Even as a Russophobe, one must not forget about objectivity)))
      The S-400 is superior to similar NATO air defense systems. To deny this fact is to show your incompetence.
      1. Alexander mosin
        Alexander mosin April 28 2020 15: 45 New
        +4
        Quote: lucul
        To deny this fact is to show your incompetence

        And the fact is, these are not verified figures that are drawn on performance characteristics? There are S-300s in Syria and Iran, nothing keeps them from shooting down Jewish aircraft, but Jews, as they flew as and where they want, and fly. It is likely that the S-400 is a good system, but to assume that countries that are much more technologically advanced are not capable of creating an analogue is not a sign of great intelligence. Search in every topic or opinion for "Russophobia", where there is no talk of either Russians or love / hate for them, all the more to look for "Russophobia" from Russians, in my opinion a sign of clinical moronism.
        1. lucul
          lucul April 28 2020 15: 47 New
          -1
          In Syria and Iran there are S-300s; Jewish aircraft are not holding them down, but the Jews flew as much as and where they want, so they fly.

          Laughed like a horse))))
          Jews flew all over Iran as they wanted in the 80s. Is it weak now? )))
    2. The Word of the Word
      The Word of the Word April 28 2020 11: 35 New
      +3
      The Chinese comrades officially confirmed all the declared characteristics of the S-400.
  5. The comment was deleted.
    1. lucul
      lucul April 28 2020 10: 39 New
      -4
      The author you were whitewashed - So, "Patriot" has a short range and a height of interception of the target - only 20 and 7 km from the object protected by the complex.

      Does THAAD also have a "short range"? )))
      It’s simply better, the Amers have nothing with what they have, and they are compared with that.
      1. Carnifexx
        Carnifexx April 28 2020 11: 30 New
        +4
        It’s just better, the Amers have nothing with what they have, and they compare it to that
        Your vulgar "patriotism" has a good name - hap-hating. I really do not like it, it would be better to look at how the Americans comment on the samples of competitors' weapons - they are more likely to overestimate, because it is better to overdo it than to miss it.
        1. lucul
          lucul April 28 2020 12: 13 New
          -5
          I really don't like it

          To me, actually, it’s deeply violet what you love and what you don’t ......
          1. My doctor
            My doctor April 28 2020 14: 19 New
            +4
            Quote: lucul
            To me, actually, it’s deeply violet what you love and what you don’t ......

            How interesting yes If you are deeply violet, the reaction to your comment, then why do you leave them?
            1. DominickS
              DominickS April 28 2020 18: 35 New
              -1
              What do you expect from a person who puts spaces before the comma? lol
              1. Carnifexx
                Carnifexx April 28 2020 19: 38 New
                -1
                A generous man, he does not mind putting spaces in front of and after laughing
    2. Alexey Sommer
      Alexey Sommer April 28 2020 11: 31 New
      +2
      Quote: Nosorog
      only 20 and 7 km

      Of course, the author understands the question about which he writes articles, like a pig in oranges. This is, at best, the worst attempt at manipulation.
      20 km is the range of interception of ballistic targets, aerodynamic targets 130 km.
  6. iouris
    iouris April 28 2020 10: 39 New
    +1
    Everything is so obvious that even writing about it makes no sense.
  7. Olddetractor
    Olddetractor April 28 2020 10: 39 New
    +5
    I do not quite understand with which air defense systems the S-400 is compared, with the Patriot PAC-2 or PAC-3. The S-400 complex is undoubtedly good, but the comparison is complicated
    1. lopvlad
      lopvlad April 28 2020 11: 12 New
      +1
      Quote: Olddetractor
      but the comparison is complicated


      if you compare only the effectiveness of weapons (deployment / coagulation time + altitude and speed characteristics of intercepted targets), then everything is quite simple.
      1. Carnifexx
        Carnifexx April 28 2020 20: 27 New
        0
        Really? The author of THAAD spoke unflattering, and the height of intercepted targets is higher than ALL C, from S-75 to S-500, they have less than 100 km, THAAD has 150 km. Somehow it’s not very good to compare some. In addition, the family C has replenished with high-range complexes relatively recently. So the S-400 received a missile allowing to justify 400 in the index only in 2015. The S-300 overtook the MIM-104 in terms of target destruction in only 92 years. with the receipt of new missiles (before that, significantly inferior).
  8. Rhino
    Rhino April 28 2020 10: 42 New
    +4
    He dumped the Patriot's range on a ballistic target - 20 km from s-400 on an aerodynamic 400 km
  9. rocket757
    rocket757 April 28 2020 10: 45 New
    +2
    Not, not, to read the author Wikipedia, although b.
    I am always OUR, but to depict a sandpiper from our swamp, this is bad manners.
  10. Charik
    Charik April 28 2020 11: 04 New
    +2
    only 20 and 7 km from the facility protected by some kind of nonsense complex?
  11. lopvlad
    lopvlad April 28 2020 11: 07 New
    -1
    The buyer always wants to buy cheaper, and if it turns out both cheaper and better in terms of characteristics, then the product flies like hot cakes. The United States was initially the most expensive arms supplier on the world market, which often was inferior to Russian in terms of characteristics.
    About the test in a real military stop, it was amusing. For now, it is possible to break in in a real combat situation by placing the S-300, S-400 without a geopolitical collision only in Saudi Arabia.
    Moreover, the inefficiency of the Petriot systems has been talked about for many years, long before the Houthis bombarded them.
    1. Gosha Smirnov
      Gosha Smirnov April 28 2020 12: 04 New
      -1
      lopvlad, c300 and its even cooler counterpart (from their words) Bavar373, which was developed by the Persians, had already managed to do it very fluidly. Are you sure that the c400 will not do it too? Patriot, for all his shortcomings, had real and massive use in the database. And the Jews used it an order of magnitude better and achieved relatively successful results. The earlier versions of c300 to cog were studied by the Americans and c400 was supposed to eliminate this acasia.
      1. lopvlad
        lopvlad 4 May 2020 19: 32 New
        -1
        Quote: Gosha Smirnov
        c300 and its even steeper counterpart (in their words) Bavar373


        after this, you can no longer read. So far, those who talked about the inefficiency of the S-300 have managed to do it.
        1. Gosha Smirnov
          Gosha Smirnov 5 May 2020 02: 30 New
          0
          please remind me, pliz, when and where did you manage to participate with c300 in db? I can name a lot for Patriot. For c300 I can’t name a single one. Moreover, the Syria TVD itself is so inconvenient and the placement of c300 / 400 is so arranged that it closes the territory of the Arab Republic it’s almost unrealistic with the forces that exist. And therefore, even when it seemed that you could have pulled from the c300, but they don’t do it. Because there is a very high probability of not getting on the carrier. And it would be difficult to come up with anti-advertising better. many flaws, and Jews are perhaps the best flyers in the world They’ll simply not provide chances and substitutes. Here it turns out that it is only possible to state what is better and what is not after real use in the database.
    2. Carnifexx
      Carnifexx April 28 2020 19: 58 New
      -1
      The United States was initially the most expensive arms supplier on the world market, which often was inferior to the Russian one in terms of characteristics.
      Waiting for specifics
      1. lopvlad
        lopvlad 4 May 2020 19: 30 New
        0
        Quote: Carnifexx
        Waiting for specifics


        Compare the price of Petriot and S-400 and you will be specific.
        1. Carnifexx
          Carnifexx 5 May 2020 12: 45 New
          0
          MIM-104 is more expensive but not dramatic.
          As for the real capabilities that are confirmed by the battle, the S-300 family (including S-400) has an indicator of 0 (zero).
          As for the characteristics, there is no overwhelming superiority.
          https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/russias-s-400-paper-tiger-or-real-air-force-killer-46477
  12. Gosha Smirnov
    Gosha Smirnov April 28 2020 11: 58 New
    +2
    It was smooth on paper, but they forgot about the ravines. All this "paper efficiency" so far is nothing more than advertising praises.
  13. _Ugene_
    _Ugene_ April 28 2020 12: 02 New
    +4
    Comparison at the level of housewives. THAAD why are you dragged here? Completely different systems for different tasks
  14. fa2998
    fa2998 April 28 2020 12: 19 New
    +2
    Quote: Ilya-spb
    To remove all questions, the S-400 must be removed F-35.

    And then there will be no talk about the TAADs)

    And what about Syria? And Israel is sending not only F-35s, but 16 as well. And they are bombing our allies. 400 km. Let's shoot, and there will be advertising! winked hi
  15. avdkrd
    avdkrd April 28 2020 12: 21 New
    +4
    I do not understand where the author got the patriot's performance characteristics from? The complex is really outdated and you need to compare it with the S-300, not 400, but you can’t lie to readers. Enchanting characteristics - 20km in range and 7km in height ... At the Shell the height is twice as high (15km) What did he smoke? Further on, about the radius of 400 km from the S-400. Why compare warm with soft if Patriot is so bad?
    Frustrated by the quality of the material recently. You expect balanced assessments, but you get illiterate nonsense, pulled from the world by a string of other people's ratings, but completely not comprehended by the author.
  16. Radikal
    Radikal April 28 2020 13: 22 New
    +6
    Evidence of the advantages of the Russian S-400 over the American Patriot and THAAD
    Who, and how did it determine, and by what criteria? In fairness, one can say that the American systems were true with a creak, with not very high efficiency, but they shot down combat targets, but we did not hear about the S-400 .... sad
  17. Carnifexx
    Carnifexx April 28 2020 13: 59 New
    +4
    Cool resource, there are wonderful articles that can open the eyes of the most blinkered ("patriots" and "liberals"), but there are some ...
    Just to demonstrate that I can use Wikipedia (unlike some):
    THAAD (USA) - 200 km range 150 ALTITUDE - mainly delivered to South Korea to intercept North Korean missiles.
    Patriot (USA) - the range varies from destination and tasks, the maximum - 160 km.
    The complexes included in the "Aegis" system (USA) have an altitude of up to 500 km, a range of up to 2500 km, the complexes are designed to destroy ballistic and aerodynamic targets, including for the transatmospheric interception of ICBMs.
    Ground-Based Midcourse Defense (USA) - intercept altitude up to 2000 km, range up to 5500 km (the missile itself is a modification of ICBMs)
    S -300 (RF) - range up to 150 km, altitude up to 30 km
    S-300 VM (RF) - range up to 250 km, altitude 30 km
    S-400 (RF) - range up to 400 km and altitude up to 35 km
    A-135 (RF) - range up to 900 km, altitude up to 670 km
    A-225 (RF) - range 1500 km, altitude up to 800 km (under construction)
    Hets (Israel) - the complex includes anti-aircraft missiles with a range of up to 160 km, and airborne interception missiles with a range of up to 2000 km are being developed (already successfully tested)

    The Russian Federation does have weapons that have no analogues - the latest air defense systems (the main workhorse of the S-300 exceeded Patriot only in deployment time, and really long-range ones appeared recently) working behind the horizon, and the development of such weapons is fraught with specifics - the country's territory and the threat of aviation NATO. The USA did not particularly develop such systems; they needed systems for intercepting ICBMs, including sea-based ones, and the USA has no competitors for these systems.
  18. A. Privalov
    A. Privalov April 28 2020 16: 12 New
    +6
    That which is affirmed without evidence is rejected without argument. hi
  19. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek April 28 2020 17: 14 New
    +2
    The impossibility of kinetic target interception is reproached with C300 / 400/500 ....
    1. Carnifexx
      Carnifexx April 28 2020 19: 55 New
      -2
      And here is more detailed
      1. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek April 28 2020 20: 59 New
        +3
        What can not be hit precisely by hitting a kinetic without an explosion ... .a Patriots and THAAD, maybe.
        1. Carnifexx
          Carnifexx April 28 2020 21: 15 New
          -1
          Ahh, this is a fair criticism, kinetics is like a sniper shot, and with an explosion like a shotgun, the chance to "hook" is higher, but the chance to hit ... hit completely lower, still high oncoming speeds, and the target may be small if we are talking about a warhead or a rocket.
          1. Zaurbek
            Zaurbek April 28 2020 21: 37 New
            0
            And the missile in diameter turns out smaller and can be made larger.
            1. Carnifexx
              Carnifexx April 28 2020 21: 52 New
              -1
              Hmm, compared SM3 and missiles for the C -300/400. 48N6E2 is larger, significantly, but about 9M82 and 9M83 it’s directly inconvenient