Military Review

Finnish newspaper examined the issue of Russian air emissions

47
Finnish newspaper examined the issue of Russian air emissions

At the end of March, the Ministry of Economic Development announced the draft Strategy for the Long-Term Development of Russia until 2050, taking into account the low level of greenhouse gas emissions. The document is posted on the official website of the department and sent for approval to the federal executive bodies.


When compared with the Soviet Union


The accessibility of the project attracted the attention of Western media. They quickly found out that the document provides for an increase in atmospheric emissions by 2030% by 30 compared with 2017. At first glance, this approach is contrary to global trends and should trigger a sharp reaction from the West.

That, in principle, happened. Environmental activists hurried to accuse Russia of the fact that it (environmentalists allegedly saw it in the document) "does not intend to fulfill its responsibilities to curb climate change." Assessment, as we are accustomed to in dealing with many eco-activists, is loud and superficial.

Responsible experts have responded quite favorably to the project, which has been developed in the bowels of the Ministry of Economic Development for more than three years. The Finnish newspaper Yle, for example, rated the Russian Strategy as realistic.

“Russia, finally,” writes Yle, “has formed a realistic view of its ability to prevent climate warming.” The fact is that in terms of emissions, Russia ranks fifth in the world after China, the United States, the European Union and India. Hence the heightened attention to us and special exactingness.

The Finnish newspaper rightly draws attention to another circumstance. Now the volume of Russian emissions into the atmosphere, taking into account the absorption by forests, has become about 50% less than it was in the Soviet Union.

In the 2020s, emissions will increase. Because, as noted in the project, the country's economy is growing, and the ability of forests to absorb carbon dioxide is reduced due to illegal logging, fires and aging forests.

Nevertheless, already in this decade, due to renewable energy, the use of nuclear energy, the reduction of deforestation and the expansion of environmental zones, compensating factors will begin to operate.

They will increase, which will lead to a sharp decrease in Russia's emissions into the atmosphere after 2030. Here is how it is written in the project. Under the baseline scenario, the carbon intensity of Russian GDP relative to the current level will decrease by 2030% by 9 and by 48% by 2050. Russia will reach carbon neutrality in the second half of the 21st century, closer to its completion.

Clean air over Russian cities


The other day a story was broadcast on Russian TV channels about how a chimney was blown up at a Krasnoyarsk heating station in order to put a new one in its place, with filters that capture up to 97% of harmful emissions. So the national project "Ecology", adopted for the period 2019-2024, is implemented.

An important part of it was the Clean Air program. It concerns environmental standards in large industrial centers of the country. First of all, in cities experiencing serious problems with air pollution.

There are twelve of them in the project - Bratsk, Krasnoyarsk, Lipetsk, Magnitogorsk, Mednogorsk, Nizhny Tagil, Novokuznetsk, Norilsk, Omsk, Chelyabinsk, Cherepovets and Chita. These are cities in which the notorious regime of the "black sky" periodically appears.

The program provides before the end of 2021 to reduce the total emissions into the atmosphere of industrial centers of the country by 5%, and by the end of 2024 - by 22%. For these purposes more than half a trillion rubles will be spent.

What is being done and will be done for this? Here are some examples. Last year, the Novolipetsk Metallurgical Plant put into operation a complex for capturing and processing chemical products of coke production. As a result, pollutant emissions decreased by 2 times.

For the first time in the metallurgical industry, the Pervouralsk Novotrubny Plant commissioned a stationary post for automated control of atmospheric pollution in a residential area. Norilsk Nickel began construction of sulfur dioxide utilization plants. This will increase the capture rate in the Norilsk industrial district from 75 to 90%.

Over the past ten years, Rusal has reduced emissions at the Krasnoyarsk aluminum smelter by 21%, at the Novokuznetsk aluminum smelter - by 43%. Nizhny Tagil Iron and Steel Works modernized about 20 dirty plants, replacing them with modern ones.

Similar examples can be given for all sectors and regions. In accordance with the national project "Ecology", active work unfolded immediately in five areas: "Technology", "Biodiversity", "Water", "Air", "Waste".

Now all this work will be combined. As Deputy Minister of Economic Development Mikhail Rasstrigin told Reuters, “This is the first attempt by the Russian government to formulate a strategy for fulfilling climate requirements by 2050”. She turned out to be realistic. Thus, our Finnish neighbors rated the project of the Ministry of Economic Development.
Author:
47 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. primaala
    primaala April 2 2020 14: 14 New
    -8
    And where did they get such a picture ?? )))
    Finns at least have an idea !? how do turbines \ units work !?
    1. Svarog
      Svarog April 2 2020 14: 47 New
      +7
      The Finnish newspaper rightly draws attention to another circumstance. Now the volume of Russian emissions into the atmosphere, taking into account the absorption by forests, has become about 50% less than it was in the Soviet Union

      That’s right, now production is just 50% less and industry is developed in comparison with the USSR .. from that, emissions fell ..
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 April 2 2020 14: 56 New
        +3
        No, in the USSR they didn’t steam about emissions and ecology at all - and now everyone is soaring from here and there are less indicators for emissions. Over time, all production of TPPs and state district power stations will transfer to gas.
        1. Svarog
          Svarog April 2 2020 14: 59 New
          +1
          Quote: Vadim237
          and now everyone is hovering from here and there are fewer emission indicators

          laughing good Tell us, who are we tired of?
          Over time, all production of TPPs and state district power stations will transfer to gas.

          This is when ... more specifically ..
          1. Vadim237
            Vadim237 April 2 2020 15: 22 New
            +2
            The same Krasnoyarsk CHP By the way, now, an environmentalist for oil can drink a fine of up to 300000 before service. And apparently you did not read the text of the article.
            1. primaala
              primaala April 2 2020 17: 57 New
              0
              Greta Tunberg, Sergey Shnurov, Yuri Dud, United Russia Human Rights Center is not a complete list of famous people and organizations that have recently been contacted by residents of Krasnoyarsk with a request to assist in resolving the environmental situation with emissions in the city. Back in February 2018, the president discussed the situation in the city with the regional authorities and industrialists and gave a number of instructions. It is reported by Rambler.
              ============
              The text was adjusted without shame. Surnames then, one another "more beautiful." Ott same ....

              Why carry clips, events of old years !? Moreover, the left source "rambler.ru"
              When you already understand the organized crime group, all your attempts to collapse the country, YOU are in the corner and drive !!!
              You brought a movie about the Krasnoyarsk CHP. Finns side by side with the region ???
              The pipe was demolished a long time ago.
              And they did it right. So it was NECESSARY !!!
              1. Vadim237
                Vadim237 April 4 2020 00: 50 New
                0
                What the fool wanted to say - too many letters in nothing, continue to whine and whine further is all that you can in life.
        2. NordUral
          NordUral April 2 2020 22: 30 New
          0
          As for the "do not bathe" do not exaggerate, 237th. It was just in the background.
          But the fact that over time they will transfer to gas is a big question, but will it remain in the right amount in the country by this time?
          1. Vadim237
            Vadim237 April 4 2020 00: 52 New
            0
            There is definitely enough gas in Russia for another 1000 years, there are still huge reserves in the permafrost, and now Gazprom is investing in the development of equipment for its extraction as well as for underwater drilling using robotic complexes.
            1. NordUral
              NordUral April 4 2020 10: 48 New
              0
              You are an optimist, Vadim.
          2. Vadim237
            Vadim237 April 4 2020 00: 59 New
            0
            In the USSR, they didn’t really bother with ecology - several hundreds of nuclear burial sites in the country remained all over the Volga filled up with old vessels with oil products in the Arctic, now a million tons of iron and frozen diesel fuel are removed, all production was dumped into ditches or stupidly dumped, it’s better to talk about the Aral Sea generally keep silent about how they wanted to create a channel between the Pechora and Kolva with the help of 350 nuclear explosions.
            1. NordUral
              NordUral April 4 2020 10: 54 New
              0
              Vadim, there were enough fools in the USSR. But more often, just a little strength wasn’t enough for everything. And the whole world is not so white and fluffy. It’s clean at home, but in the third world you don’t have to bother.
      2. vadim dok
        vadim dok April 2 2020 14: 58 New
        +2
        And the Russian Federation is less than the USSR by more than a third. There is no very industrialized (in the USSR), Ukraine, Belarus, Azerbaijan, Central Asia!
    2. 4ekist
      4ekist April 2 2020 14: 58 New
      0
      Let the Finns stop buying round timber from us. So all Karelia will be cut down.
      1. Evdokim
        Evdokim April 2 2020 17: 27 New
        -1
        Quote: 4ekist
        Let the Finns stop buying round timber from us.

        Yes!!! And let each Finnish cow insert a perdelen-methane filter-catcher in the ass, otherwise they will have the greatest impact on the climate with their farting. Yes, and pigs with hens and other turkeys to develop appropriate environmental protection devices. wassat laughing
      2. Bumblebee_3
        Bumblebee_3 April 2 2020 17: 46 New
        +2
        4ekist (Andrey)
        Isn’t it easier to ban the export of round timber abroad? Better to buy finished products from us. The same furniture or paper. I do not believe that we have forgotten how to work. I just ask you, let’s say without trolling questions like: who are we or about the lack of technology.
        1. 4ekist
          4ekist April 2 2020 18: 31 New
          0
          Here is about demand, and the offer will not be long in coming.
        2. 4ekist
          4ekist April 2 2020 18: 37 New
          0
          I agree. The issue is quality and price. It got to the point that our trees are being cut down, and the haves are buying plots in the land of Suomi forests and lakes for their relaxation and pastime.
          In addition, Norwegians and Finns are unhappy with the work on our territory of various thermal power plants, boiler houses, etc. that work from coal and fuel oil. They all have gas.
          1. fk7777777
            fk7777777 April 2 2020 22: 01 New
            +1
            Gas is already the last century and is slowly moving away from it, and in one liter of gasoline already 10% of wood alcohol. Slowly they want to change the fuel too ... Therefore, Russian engines may not work on this fuel. And for the Phoenicians, if they refuel in Russia, then the catalyst immediately flies.
    3. fk7777777
      fk7777777 April 2 2020 21: 51 New
      0
      They have an idea, but you have an idea what Monchegorsk is, at least? Did you see all the horror at the entrance to the city ?, there, as after an atomic war, instead of trees, burnt pegs stick out, the whole earth is black ... Don’t write nonsense.
  2. Tusv
    Tusv April 2 2020 14: 16 New
    0
    I do not understand. Are we scolded or praised? And so. Emissions decreased by half, and the air did not become cleaner
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. fk7777777
        fk7777777 April 2 2020 21: 56 New
        +1
        M, what are you talking about? ... Do you even have the slightest idea about the chemical industry ?, even know where it is? They saw people who worked there for many years? Or, too, like an "effective" manager ...
    2. orionvitt
      orionvitt April 2 2020 16: 23 New
      +1
      Quote: Tusv
      Are we scolded or praised?

      Yes, do not give a damn. Just think, "Russia is contributing to global warming." Let them worry in Africa, but for Russia, with its climate, this is just the thing. Maybe a little warmer. laughing But seriously, ask the leader of world democracy who did not sign a single environmental document, otherwise the Finns need to get in here. And in general, let these "world environmentalists", along with all the "green" and "blue", along with their Greta, roll to hell, they’ll figure it out without them.
  3. Sergst
    Sergst April 2 2020 14: 23 New
    0
    “The ability of forests to absorb carbon is reduced due to illegal logging, fires and aging forests.”
    And I thought that the reaction of photosynthesis is balanced by the reverse reaction of combustion (oxidation) and the forest absorbs as much carbon dioxide as it absorbs ...
    1. Sergst
      Sergst April 2 2020 16: 27 New
      0
      Interestingly, but the one who puts cons for this, taught chemistry at school? Or thinks that the laws of nature can be changed by cons? crying
    2. astepanov
      astepanov April 2 2020 17: 02 New
      0
      Quote: Sergst
      I thought

      You thought correctly. But if the forest area is reduced, the amount of biomass is reduced, then the equivalent amount of carbon dioxide go into the atmosphere. But these are still seeds: the main source of CO2 is not rotting organic matter, but fossil fuel, and it is being burned more and more.
  4. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 2 2020 14: 27 New
    +1
    Quote: primaala
    And where did they get such a picture ?? )))
    Finns at least have an idea !? how do turbines \ units work !?

    It's time for Rosatom to demand its share in green subsidies laughing
    1. primaala
      primaala April 2 2020 14: 47 New
      +1
      Quote: Gennady Fomkin
      Quote: primaala
      And where did they get such a picture ?? )))
      Finns at least have an idea !? how do turbines \ units work !?

      It's time for Rosatom to demand its share in green subsidies laughing

      The author of the topic, clearly not in the subject, if you put such a picture.
    2. Vadim237
      Vadim237 April 2 2020 14: 58 New
      +3
      Rosatom is building windmills in Russia - it’s already in the green.
  5. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 2 2020 14: 36 New
    0
    While in Russia its residents and rulers are busy with all kinds of nonsense, such as building icebreakers and discussing constitutional amendments, responsible citizens with a masochistic enthusiasm are making a bright carbon-free future. Thus, they hope to reduce the harm that air transport causes to the environment by reducing the volume of air travel. The petition was signed by more than 55 thousand people, she entered the parliament. According to this initiative, the cost of each ticket purchased in Finland, it is proposed to include an additional fee for harming the environment. Thus, the petition initiators hope to reduce the number of air travel and thereby reduce emissions of harmful substances, which are about 4% in the causes of global warming. sent to the committees of the Finnish Parliament for further discussion.

    So here, in fact, one cannot remember at the numerous requests of the working people - 55 thousand subscribed under the desire to increase ticket prices. Finns born to make Soviet jokes a reality laughing
    1. Altona
      Altona April 2 2020 14: 46 New
      +5
      Quote: Gennady Fomkin
      According to this initiative, the price of each ticket purchased in Finland is proposed to include an additional fee for environmental damage.

      -----------------------------
      How do fees help ecology? In Finland, they can help, there they will reasonably manage this money. Although Finland is already striving to be more careful about the environment. Eco-communes create where in the houses there are common kitchens, laundries, a public electric car. But in other countries they collect money, but how do they spend it? Even here, tariffs have been raised for garbage, and there is not even infrastructure for it. Recycling fees are introduced, but is it recycling?
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 2 2020 14: 51 New
    -1
    Quote: Mobius
    Finns demand their piece of Russia .. To see in the West already, everyone has shared .. And the men don’t know that))))

    And do not open your mouth to another loaf. The country of frightened moose laughing
  8. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 2 2020 14: 52 New
    0
    How did Finland live? Yes, like Christ's bosom. That is, there was a huge Soviet Union nearby, which, as a siphon, took all goods in general. All this was on long-term conditions. The Soviet Union paid a lot of money. The Finno task, you know, was not like under capitalism, to sell something somewhere, but to produce. Do you know what happened when the USSR collapsed there? Their GDP fell by Fifty percent! "
    1. fk7777777
      fk7777777 April 2 2020 22: 07 New
      -1
      Naivety on the verge of idiocy or idiocy on the verge of naivety. Well, you know better the underwater cavalryman. The economy is global ... Well, of course you don’t understand it.
  9. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 2 2020 15: 06 New
    -5
    Quote: Vadim237
    Rosatom is building windmills in Russia - it’s already in the green.

    I believe that Rosatom took up windmills in vain - this is not his profile! because betting on alternative generation methods is a blind faith in simple, effective, but ineffective solutions. You can compare the idea of ​​abandoning nuclear reactors with the desire to put on skins and move to caves! Are we all right with a peaceful atom?
    We all know that windmills shake so much that worms crawl out of the ground. This is not a joke. These are the consequences. Will people be comfortable living on a planet lined with a picket fence of windmills and covered with several layers of solar panels? and not windmills to poke our country. ... laughing
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 April 2 2020 15: 41 New
      +2
      In Russia, the territory is huge and there are plenty of areas with winds, but with vibration and shaking, they probably already decided in new windmills and even got development
      "The machine-building enterprise OKB MIKRON (part of the KANEX group) has developed and patented an original design of a thermal power plant that will be promoted under the Terus brand.

      According to the developers, the system will be highly demanded by industrial enterprises (and settlements) located in remote areas isolated from network communications - as a rule, these are areas of the Far North and equivalent areas (for this reason, materials with high resistance are included in the project to low temperatures). Dmitry Salov, general director and co-owner of OKB MIKRON, said that, for example, Alrosa has long been interested in green technologies. The world's largest diamond company, for which saving fuel and energy resources and increasing the efficiency of environmental programs are key tasks, has been operating solar collectors in Mirny (Yakutia) for hot water supply of the shift camp at the Nyurbinskaya field since 2017 *.

      The construction of an experimental model of TWG and its test operation are planned for 2021, after which the company will switch to serial production of equipment with individual capacities from 200 to 4000 kW. A specialized plant for the production of units and assemblies of heating stations will be located on the territory of the Krasnoyarsk OKB MIKRON in the neighborhood of the heavy machinery complex under construction. "
  10. Ros 56
    Ros 56 April 2 2020 15: 22 New
    -3
    Let him better consider the issue of timber supplies to Finland, otherwise we can stop it, because harm is done to nature.
    1. The comment was deleted.
  11. evgen1221
    evgen1221 April 2 2020 15: 37 New
    0
    Well, our plans, as always, are very optimistic with a great deal of groundwork, they are fulfilling the truth also, but with a large margin in the negative. So I wouldn’t be especially worried about us in the West — a big breakthrough in industry and emissions will not happen — well, unless we start to burn all the dung in the blast furnaces. It would be if the Chinese rapartonuli about plans to start from scratch by 48%, then yes, well, but we can no longer with this economic model.
  12. Grading
    Grading April 2 2020 15: 48 New
    +1
    Quote: Vadim237
    In Russia, the territory is huge and there are plenty of areas with winds, but with vibration and shaking, they probably already decided in new windmills and even got development
    "The machine-building enterprise OKB MIKRON (part of the KANEX group) has developed and patented an original design of a thermal power plant that will be promoted under the Terus brand.

    According to the developers, the system will be highly demanded by industrial enterprises (and settlements) located in remote areas isolated from network communications - as a rule, these are areas of the Far North and equivalent areas (for this reason, materials with high resistance are included in the project to low temperatures). Dmitry Salov, general director and co-owner of OKB MIKRON, said that, for example, Alrosa has long been interested in green technologies. The world's largest diamond company, for which saving fuel and energy resources and increasing the efficiency of environmental programs are key tasks, has been operating solar collectors in Mirny (Yakutia) for hot water supply of the shift camp at the Nyurbinskaya field since 2017 *.

    The construction of an experimental model of TWG and its test operation are planned for 2021, after which the company will switch to serial production of equipment with individual capacities from 200 to 4000 kW. A specialized plant for the production of units and assemblies of heating stations will be located on the territory of the Krasnoyarsk OKB MIKRON in the neighborhood of the heavy machinery complex under construction. "

    1. fk7777777
      fk7777777 April 2 2020 22: 12 New
      -1
      Everything is cool, but the problem is with the engine, head and roads, and so everything is fine marquise.
  13. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 2 2020 16: 37 New
    0
    Quote: Vadim237
    In Russia, the territory is huge and there are plenty of areas with winds, but with vibration and shaking, they probably already decided in new windmills and even got development
    "The machine-building enterprise OKB MIKRON (part of the KANEX group) has developed and patented an original design of a thermal power plant that will be promoted under the Terus brand.

    According to the developers, the system will be highly demanded by industrial enterprises (and settlements) located in remote areas isolated from network communications - as a rule, these are areas of the Far North and equivalent areas (for this reason, materials with high resistance are included in the project to low temperatures). Dmitry Salov, general director and co-owner of OKB MIKRON, said that, for example, Alrosa has long been interested in green technologies. The world's largest diamond company, for which saving fuel and energy resources and increasing the efficiency of environmental programs are key tasks, has been operating solar collectors in Mirny (Yakutia) for hot water supply of the shift camp at the Nyurbinskaya field since 2017 *.

    The construction of an experimental model of TWG and its test operation are planned for 2021, after which the company will switch to serial production of equipment with individual capacities from 200 to 4000 kW. A specialized plant for the production of units and assemblies of heating stations will be located on the territory of the Krasnoyarsk OKB MIKRON in the neighborhood of the heavy machinery complex under construction. "

    You probably want something constantly spinning over your head? laughing In the tundra, please get away from people and how will this affect reindeer and geese migration? laughing
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 April 2 2020 17: 04 New
      0
      In large cities, it is not necessary - there are NPPs at TPPs at TPPs at hydroelectric stations.
  14. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 2 2020 16: 41 New
    -2
    Really green demons, they were stunned by their ignorance. Minusers ... laughing
  15. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 2 2020 16: 51 New
    -2
    Things for alternative energy lovers in China are getting worse and worse. The Chinese government intends to halve the budget for supporting new solar power plants in the first half of this year and completely stop giving alms to offshore wind farms. Support for all ground-based alternative energy has completely ceased since 2021. It was announced: “Reducing subsidies for new renewable energy projects is a logical measure for a more rational distribution of funds. The generous subsidies provided to wind farms over the past few years have negatively affected the finances of the central government and Considering the damage caused by the outbreak of coronavirus to enterprises, the NEA extended the deadline for bidding for auctions until mid-June, as well as an additional month for operators of solar and wind power stations to apply for connecting their stations to the country's energy system so that they could start selling electricity " How so? !!!

    What is it, the Celestial Empire refuses to sponsor green shit ?! Now only Western suckers hope? !!! Western suckers may be happy, but empty in their pockets. And it is empty, including thanks to shading. resources, including green energy, because it accelerated de-industrialization due to an inadequate economy.

    As I said earlier, this (the introduction of greenery and emerging imbalances) is a process with positive feedback, i.e. the more - the worse, the forecast is sad.
  16. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin April 2 2020 16: 54 New
    0
    Maybe there, when on RT Americans painted the charms of green energy, was it a diversion? laughing wassat
  17. rocket757
    rocket757 April 2 2020 17: 56 New
    0
    She turned out to be realistic. This is how our Finnish neighbors rated the project of the Ministry of Economic Development.
    Those. RUSSIA'S DEVELOPMENT PLANS, INCLUDING IN THE FIELD OF ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY REALISTIC!
    These things cannot but rejoice if these plans are realized, of course. We will see, because it will be really noticeable. It’s impossible to conceal anything now, you can only ignore
  18. Petrol cutter
    Petrol cutter April 2 2020 18: 22 New
    +1
    Right now, not to emissions.
    There are suspicions that there will be no time for emissions in the foreseeable future.
    This is the conclusion, the problem is sucked out of the finger and is absolutely not relevant.