Russia moves away from total oil dependence: figures and facts

Russia moves away from total oil dependence: figures and facts

The recent rapid replacement of the chairman of the Russian government in the expert community was regarded as the preparation of Vladimir Putin for a global recession, which is about to begin, or has already become apparent in the near future. In these conditions, instead of a loyal prime minister, the president needed an effective manager.


“You can't live without oil, no?”


This periphery of the famous operetta, glorifying women, arose after the first acquaintance with some new expert assessments, frightening the public with terrible pictures of the upcoming crisis, in which, due to lower prices and demand for minerals, Russia will lose most of its oil and gas revenues and will go on hungry rations economics.

To calm down and relieve panic, it is not necessary to drink drops. We need to recall Putin’s assessment, who called Russia in his Address to the Federal Assembly a self-sufficient country, and calmly sort things out.

Recall, for example, how in Soviet times the authorities scrupulously calculated the balance between industrial groups A and B, in which the first represented the production of means of production, and the second - consumer goods. Knowledgeable economists then told people in detail how this very group B would now clothe, dress, feed the people and arrange its life.

In post-Soviet times, priorities have changed dramatically. Strongly liberal government officials have relied on the export of minerals. It was decided to purchase the same goods of group B abroad from the proceeds from its sale, and, with luck, A.

It got to the point that in the West they even began to purchase products for defense, until they were burned in the French Mistral and Italian armored cars. Although it was not possible to completely eradicate this practice. Now, for example, ship furniture from "friendly" Britain is being put on our ultramodern warships.

A new approach to the country's economy gave rise to the term “oil needle”. She painfully pricked Russia in the crises of 1997-1999, 2007-2009, 2014-2016. In the first and second cases, GDP fell by more than 10 percent. In the last shock, the Russian economy slipped by 3,6%, and Western sanctions “helped” it in this.

Diversification of the economy brought results


As you can see, the dynamics are changing, but the “oil needle” meme continues to walk through the expanses of the Russian media and numerous discussion meetings. It is easy to explain. Firstly, the influential oil lobby is trying to prove its value and importance to the authorities and society, and at the same time to get additional preferences for itself.

Secondly, oil and gas revenues flow into the federal budget. We have the most talked about. After all, there is the country's defense, the most important social and investment programs, national projects, etc. The share of oil revenues is high here. During the liberal rampant of the nineties, it rose above 60 percent. The Russian economy is moving away from total oil dependence.

Against this background, it is somehow forgotten that the federal budget is the country's large consolidated budget, to which all regions and all sectors contribute. In the single treasury, the share of oil and gas companies falls to about a quarter of the total volume and is comparable to the collection of income tax from citizens.

An objective picture is given by statistics on the economy as a whole. It shows that the oil and gas industry (with all its multiplicativeness) is pulling somewhere by 8 percent of the total industrial production. The situation changes only with the export of products. Under the long-established protectionism in the world market, it is much easier to break into mineral raw materials there than to products with high added value.

However, their exports are growing. Today Rostselmash combines can be found even in Germany, Promobot Perm industrial robots have gone to America for thousands, and the presses of the Tyazhmehpress plant in Voronezh have taken their place in many factories around the world (in the USA, France, Italy, Spain, Japan, Korea, China ...), including at the enterprises of well-known automobile companies.

The export list of Russia is great. Here are Rosatom’s products, mining, drilling, metallurgical equipment, heavy cranes, excavators, diesel and electric locomotives, instruments and scientific equipment, military vehicles and weapons, airplanes and helicopters, ships of various types, space technologies, software, machine tools and tools , consumer goods, food, etc. A separate item of budget revenues is the export of agricultural products that breaks records: cereals, sugar, vegetable oils, animal feed, meat, chicken eggs, milk and dairy products.

In general, over the eleven months of last year (no more recent data yet), Russia's non-primary non-energy exports (NOE) grew to 138 billion US dollars. This is still less than the income from the sale of mineral raw materials abroad, but is comparable to the GDP of such an EU country as, for example, Hungary.

Ministry of Finance forecasts show that the government expects further growth in non-oil exports. In September, after the government approved the federal budget for 2020–2022, the Ministry of Finance said: “The share of oil and gas revenues in total federal budget revenues will decrease from 40,8% in 2019 to 35% in 2022.” This means that we are waiting for further diversification of the economy, which will mitigate possible global risks.

As for the oil and gas industry, its role in our lives remains large and significant. The industry gives Russia a competitive advantage over other countries, ensures energy independence and security, fills the budget, and gives decent work to millions of people.

It is only important that all these wonderful qualities do not suppress other sectors of the economy. They have their own great responsibility to Russian society.
Author:
Photos used:
rosneft.ru
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  1. Aerodrome 21 January 2020 11: 41 New
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    Russia moves away from total oil dependence: figures and facts
    everything .... stop ... laughing wassat laughing all the facts and figures - on trips around the country ... no devastation ... sorry, they began to do "redecoration" in the districts, hang ruins, paint houses, and in some places, even roads to do ... and create "new production "for 300 jobs ... damn ... and the rest what to do? to walk on new sidewalks, with outstretched hands? (done with us) the population needs to be reduced by reforms. yeah. and then we dofiga- "whiners" ... here there will be only one "ruble" and there will be no one to whine. (and for pensioners, euthanasia ... if not very expensive for the budget) good
    1. Nasrat 21 January 2020 11: 54 New
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      You are not a whiner, you are a slacker whom circumstances of life force to work ... and you are offended by these circumstances!
      And so - gathered early in the morning and created a new production for the same 300 jobs - so no, it's troublesome .... you must, having bought a cheap gadget, sit in it all day !!!!
      1. Aerodrome 21 January 2020 12: 00 New
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        Quote: Nasr
        You are not a whiner, you are a slacker whom circumstances of life force to work ... and you are offended by these circumstances!
        And so - gathered early in the morning and created a new production for the same 300 jobs - so no, it's troublesome .... you must, having bought a cheap gadget, sit in it all day !!!!

        Well, if I were at least 50 years old, I would try, but now it’s hard. I wound around the hospitals. you then HAMLU this still does not understand ... but you will come to this age ... if you come.
        1. Loess 21 January 2020 12: 05 New
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          Quote: Aerodrome
          - on trips around the country.

          Quote: Aerodrome
          but now it’s hard. I wound around the hospitals

          So in the country or in hospitals?
          1. Aerodrome 21 January 2020 12: 06 New
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            Quote: Less
            Quote: Aerodrome
            - on trips around the country.

            Quote: Aerodrome
            but now it’s hard. I wound around the hospitals

            So in the country or in hospitals?

            to you specifically? relish? I am retired, which is not enough for housing and communal services, and I work, and I wind up, both in hospitals and in the country. are you satisfied? (supply)
            1. Loess 21 January 2020 12: 13 New
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              Yes, I'm just surprised. I’m getting into business trips, so more and more for specific enterprises in different parts of the country, so the author’s point of view is closer to me. And according to relatives - so they are becoming more and more rural, so I also see something. And for hospitals more and more within their region (well, when I get there myself), and it happens that I have to carry relatives too far, and I also saw what was and what is. So for any it is difficult to agree with your position.
              Quote: Aerodrome
              (supply)

              Well, I'm a production man.
            2. ser56 23 January 2020 13: 38 New
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              Quote: Aerodrome
              I'm retired, which is not enough for housing and communal services,

              you have a strange pension or an apartment of this size? bully By the way, in Russia, if a pensioner has more than 22% of income, then you have the right to compensation ... And it still depends on your region. Read:
              https://kompensacii.ru/kompensaciya-na-oplatu-kommunalnyx-uslug-pensioneram/
              https://law03.ru/society/article/subsidiya-dlya-pensionerov-na-oplatu-zhkx
          2. Nasrat 21 January 2020 12: 17 New
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            Quote: Less

            So in the country or in hospitals?

            he hangs around sites ... all day ...
        2. Nasrat 21 January 2020 12: 21 New
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          Quote: Aerodrome

          Well, if I were at least 50 years old, I would try, but now it’s hard. I wound around the hospitals. you then HAMLU this still does not understand ... but you will come to this age ... if you come.


          Since the 90s you can’t open an enterprise for the same 300 people? Judging by the first comment, this is for you to spit !!! - And 30 years ago you were also over 50? ... What did you hide behind with your pension and health? Or when he was young - he founded enterprises for 1000 people?
          1. Ros 56 21 January 2020 13: 11 New
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            Eulampius, and have you ever opened an enterprise for at least five people, do you even have a concept of what it is?
            1. Nasrat 21 January 2020 13: 18 New
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              Quote: Ros 56
              Eulampius, and have you ever opened an enterprise for at least five people, do you even have a concept of what it is?

              I have an enterprise for 350 people ... that's why I answered this eternal pensioner ...

              What about yours? I hope you do not expect a good uncle who will give you a lot of money?
              1. Ros 56 21 January 2020 13: 21 New
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                If true, then well done. Just the question, where do you take the time to hang out on the site? When I worked at my company, there was no time to hang on, so I was engaged in construction, sort of like a season.
                1. Nasrat 21 January 2020 13: 29 New
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                  So I don’t sit here all the time, I’ll definitely put in my five copecks ... It kills when people expect money from someone, whining - while they are sitting (!!!) on the net, on cheap gadgets so they argue how to equip the country ... But he couldn’t arrange his life, and there he is ready to equip the country!
                  1. Sandor Clegane 21 January 2020 15: 51 New
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                    Quote: Nasr
                    But he could not equip his life, and there he is ready to equip the country!

                    it happens
                    Quote: Nasr
                    I have an enterprise for 350 people.

                    what do we produce? Well, it’s very interesting how to start your own enterprise if you have brains and education and desire, but there is no money and no handshake in power? well, no matter how))
                  2. mirexes 22 January 2020 19: 29 New
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                    I also have a small staff and I completely agree with you.
                2. Mountain shooter 21 January 2020 17: 04 New
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                  [quote56] If true, then well done. Just a question, where do you take the time to hang out on the site [/ quote]
                  I have an enterprise for 30 people. And the age is already retirement, and on trips I wind around the country and over the hill ...
                  And time ... helpers are good. Young, energetic ... Therefore, there is time to visit the sites.
      2. antivirus 21 January 2020 16: 38 New
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        you’ve drunk well, I’ll send it to BAM ...
        joke
    2. Svarog 21 January 2020 11: 57 New
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      The forecasts of the Ministry of Finance show that the government expects further growth in non-oil exports. In September, after the government approved the federal budget for 2020–2022, the Ministry of Finance announced: “The share of oil and gas revenues in the total revenues of the federal budget will decrease from 40,8% in 2019 to 35% in 2022”

      And where are the numbers and facts .. forecasts I see .. I see that production has increased, which indicates an increase in dependence .. I see forecasts that we never come true are a fact.
      1. aybolyt678 21 January 2020 12: 12 New
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        I have a friend who travels to the North, works for an American oil company. Question: - Is the oil produced by the Americans in Russia, is it considered by Rosstat to be Russian, or whose? because numbers are crafty thing wink
        1. Golovan Jack 21 January 2020 12: 22 New
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          Quote: aybolyt678
          works for an American oil company

          The name of the company - in the studio, will it not be difficult? And where is she there, "oil is extracted", well, so that there are no discrepancies.

          Be kind yes
          1. bk316 21 January 2020 13: 44 New
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            The name of the company - in the studio, will it not be difficult?

            Welcome.

            Yes, he will not name anything, because he does not understand anything and does not know.
            There are such balabolshchikov above the roof.

            In general, only 3 offices operate under PSA conditions, that is, they produce oil for themselves.
            One shell (Sakhalin-2), the other total (Kharyaga deposit), the third exxon (Sakhalin-1).
            Since Sakhalin-1 is hardly the North and the rest are not Americans laughing then aibolit is just balabolit.
            1. Sergey1987 21 January 2020 15: 39 New
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              Quote: bk316
              One shell (Sakhalin-2), the other total (Kharyaga deposit), the third exxon (Sakhalin-1).

              Dear you are a little mistaken. On Sukhalin-1 and Sakhalin-2 they have only a percentage of shares and not a control in the consortium. So they only receive dividends from him. Total, yes, they get it at one deposit, while paying a bunch of taxes.
              1. bk316 21 January 2020 16: 14 New
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                On Sukhalin-1 and Sakhalin-2

                Hello, send you links to the PSA agreement?
                1. Sergey1987 21 January 2020 17: 15 New
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                  Quote: bk316
                  Hello, send you links to the PSA agreement?

                  Send it will be interesting to read.
          2. aybolyt678 21 January 2020 13: 47 New
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            Quote: Golovan Jack
            The name of the company - in the studio, will it not be difficult?

            Thank you for the question, but it will be difficult, familiar on the watch. But I called my brother in Magadan, there was not oil but gold was mined by the Omolon Mining Company, which meant Panamerican, Cyprus, and something else ... that now sold assets, or merged with the Canadian Kinross, they mine gold openly in Kubaka . Kubaka, this is the place where gold was dug by excavators at first. They drove along the winter road to the coast and loaded onto ships to Alaska. My brother worked there for 10 years. Gold is certainly not oil but .... foreign capital at ease in Russia smile
            1. Sergey1987 21 January 2020 15: 41 New
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              Quote: aybolyt678
              Gold is certainly not oil but .... foreign capital at ease in Russia

              )))) But should it be on the back? Just all countries of the world strive to create a good investment climate.
              1. aybolyt678 21 January 2020 17: 28 New
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                Specifically, in the Kubaka-USSR, in the Magadan region, he built villages in order to fully develop the deposits. The gold deposit, it resembles a galaxy in the picture, in the middle is the center, it is called the onion and the spiral rays emerging from it are the veins. So, Kubaka is an onion, work it out and no infrastructure will pay off. Foreign investment in such deposits is an investment in excavators that dig ore with the largest possible amount! by world standards, the gold content. In Chukotka, Abramovich, being the governor, in every possible way condoned such "investments" of the same Omolon mining company. I know what I'm talking about. I grew up in Omsukchan, it is 200 km from Kubaki, by that standards it is close. At first, gold was transported from Kubaki by helicopters to Magadan, and it paid off !!! then on the winter road. The same scheme with investments everywhere! the most valuable part of the field is being developed! And the percentage of gold in the ore may differ from the stated! The aim of the investment should be technology, infrastructure and not squandering gold! It looks like giving the enemy a shovel to row money !!!
                1. Sergey1987 22 January 2020 10: 03 New
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                  Quote: aybolyt678
                  The aim of the investment should be technology, infrastructure and not squandering gold!

                  Comrade, where have you read this? Investments are different, but if you invest in the extraction of a resource, then your task is to get it, and in any case, you invest in infrastructure. It is clear that in not building a city, if it is not profitable, but if it is profitable, then the city will be built, and the oil platform, and LNG, and roads. It all depends on the field.
                  1. aybolyt678 22 January 2020 10: 35 New
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                    Quote: Sergey1987
                    but if you invest in the extraction of a resource, then your task is to get it

                    this is the task of the "investor". The task of the state is to ensure the development of the country. In this case, gold mining is considered. Which in itself is money. 200 km from Kubaki there is an Omsukchan Gold Extraction Plant. What prevents in the summer to mine ore. and in winter on a winter road to take her to YOUR factory? why does Kinrossgold carry 800 km to Magadan and then even to Alaska by sea, is it profitable for them but not for us? Maybe this is the fact of corruption and the sale of the homeland?
                    1. Sergey1987 23 January 2020 10: 15 New
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                      Quote: aybolyt678
                      200 km from Kubaki there is an Omsukchan Gold Extraction Plant. What prevents in the summer to mine ore. and in winter on a winter road to take her to YOUR factory?

                      Are you sure you don’t carry it?
                      Quote: aybolyt678
                      mined by the Omolon Mining Company, which means Panamerican, Cyprus, and something else ... that now sold assets, or merged with the Canadian Kinross, they mine gold open-pit in Kubaka. Kubaka, this is the place where gold was dug by excavators at first. They drove along the winter road to the coast and loaded onto ships to Alaska.

                      I here revered for this field. It turns out that since 2008, Polymetal ours has everything. So they don’t carry anything to Alaska, but most likely just to the factory.
            2. Golovan Jack 21 January 2020 16: 02 New
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              Quote: aybolyt678
              I called my brother in Magadan, it wasn’t oil but gold ...

              Doctor, it was interesting about oil.

              I’m not rushing you, will someone you know ever come back from duty? Well, then we'll talk.

              Quote: aybolyt678
              Gold is certainly not oil but ...

              ... that's it. Oil is black gold yes
            3. bk316 21 January 2020 16: 26 New
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              there was not oil but gold mined

              How is it there:
              and not in preference but in a point and did not win but lost ... laughing
              1. Nikolai Grek 23 January 2020 00: 19 New
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                Quote: bk316
                there was not oil but gold mined

                How is it there:
                and not in preference but in a point and did not win but lost ... laughing

                and not a son, but a daughter !!! laughing
          3. Ingvar 72 21 January 2020 13: 59 New
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            Quote: Golovan Jack
            The name of the company - in the studio, will it not be difficult?

            Do not find fault with Kees, ConocoPhillips has been working in Russia for several years, as well as the British BP, Chevron, as well as Royal Dutch, Shell and Sibir Energy. They have a staff of local workers, they also have a share in joint daughters of the largest oil producing companies of the Russian Federation.
            Pendosy all over the world pump oil in a similar way, having their own margin.
            1. Sergey1987 21 January 2020 15: 42 New
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              Quote: Ingvar 72
              Do not find fault with Kees, ConocoPhillips has been working in Russia for several years, as well as the British BP, Chevron, as well as Royal Dutch, Shell and Sibir Energy. They have a staff of local workers, they also have a share in joint daughters of the largest oil producing companies of the Russian Federation.

              Well, they have only a share, just as many of our corporations have their share in the extraction of resources in other countries. This is normal.
            2. Golovan Jack 21 January 2020 16: 08 New
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              Amused:

              Quote: Ingvar 72
              ...and Royal Dutch, Shell and...

              Royal Dutch Shell PLC, commonly known as Shell

              I saw nothing more interesting. Boring you, Ingvar.

              Quote: Ingvar 72
              They have a staff of local workers, as well as a share in the joint daughters of the largest oil companies in the Russian Federation

              It was originally about the physical extraction of slurry, called oil. And then your tricks? That's right, nothing to do with it. yes
            3. bk316 21 January 2020 16: 49 New
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              Pendosy all over the world pump oil in a similar way, having their own margin.

              So let me explain, at the same time, to Sergey.
              There are 2 ways to extract oil from a foreign company in the Russian Federation.
              1. Form a joint venture (no matter in what legal form). This joint venture works within the framework of ordinary legislation, taxes statistics are all of these scissors kudrin as OUR oil producers.
              So most foreigners work, sometimes their participation is nominal. HERE IS THE QUESTION ABOUT WHOSE OIL IS NOT WORTH - IT IS RUSSIAN. So, by the way, all automobile enterprises work, a bunch of electronic industry enterprises, and the agricultural sector. AND THIS IS ABSOLUTELY NORMAL.
              2. Conclude a production sharing agreement (PSA). Then whose oil is in what proportion and whether to pay taxes for it and which are all determined by the PSA. Only 3 companies work this way, I wrote which ones. A consortium can be formed, it can - no, that is not the point. In fact, all created consortia with the participation of our companies.
          4. Nikolai Grek 23 January 2020 00: 45 New
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            taller to the circus so that you can see !!! repeat it is strange that the author along with the article was not banned here !!! wassat
            But finally ... I wanted to write about the inaccuracy of the author
            Against this background, it is somehow forgotten that the federal budget is the country's large consolidated budget, to which all regions and all sectors contribute.


            if my memory serves me, then the federal budget itself is just part of the consolidated budget ... the consolidated budget is 2 times higher than the federal one, it includes a bunch of budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation !!! request
            1. Hunter 2 23 January 2020 00: 47 New
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              Greetings Nikolay hi Suggestions - To ban the author along with the article was not yet in my memory! belay
              1. Nikolai Grek 23 January 2020 01: 02 New
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                Quote: Hunter 2
                Greetings Nikolay hi Suggestions - To ban the author along with the article was not yet in my memory! belay

                kind!!! drinks Well, so the author of this "piled up" that does not fit into politics and, the stump is clear, immediately falls under the flood !!! request laughing
                1. Hunter 2 23 January 2020 01: 06 New
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                  Well, actually he will read the opinion about his article in the comments! laughing
                  Let him write, self-educate and post a sensible article ...
                  well, or go to the section Adventures and Sci-Fi! wink
                  1. Nikolai Grek 23 January 2020 01: 17 New
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                    Quote: Hunter 2
                    Well, actually he will read the opinion about his article in the comments! laughing
                    Let him write, self-educate and post a sensible article ...
                    well, or go to the section Adventures and Sci-Fi! wink

                    let it write in the same vein .... no need to fix it !!! am and so here is almost one omnipotence !!! wassat laughing
                    1. Hunter 2 23 January 2020 01: 21 New
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                      Yeah ... the last two weeks are just the Triumph of the Whiners! lol
                      I hope that it will end soon and will again read articles about the Army and Navy!
                      1. Nikolai Grek 23 January 2020 17: 25 New
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                        Quote: Hunter 2
                        last two weeks

                        it’s you who got excited .. here is this bacchanalia from the period of the presidential campaign !!! wassat
        2. Okolotochny 21 January 2020 12: 37 New
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          In my memory, Americans directly participate in only two projects - Sakhalin 1 and 2. Golovan asked you a question - announce the name of the company. Otherwise, you are the second letter from the OBS.
          1. aybolyt678 21 January 2020 14: 48 New
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            What is OBS ????
            1. Golovan Jack 21 January 2020 14: 50 New
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              Quote: aybolyt678
              What is OBS?

              News agency. "One Grandma Said."
        3. Sergey1987 21 January 2020 15: 34 New
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          Quote: aybolyt678
          I have a friend who travels to the North, works for an American oil company. Question: - Is the oil produced by the Americans in Russia, is it considered by Rosstat to be Russian, or whose? because numbers are crafty thing

          And do not tell me which American corporation produces oil in the Russian Federation? And if she mined, then oil would have been hers, but she would have paid a bunch of taxes, direct and indirect, federal and local.
      2. kjhg 21 January 2020 12: 29 New
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        Quote: Svarog
        And where are the numbers and facts ..

        The author deftly manipulates.
        1) He talks about the large growth of non-commodity exports. Good. Let's say. BUT where did this export growth come from, if industry, according to official statistics, has not been growing for 5-6 years? Where did this volume come from? There is only one option. From reducing the consumption of manufactured goods within the country.
        2) The author is proud that the share of oil and gas revenues in the budget fell to 40%, and in the coming years it will decrease to 35%. Due to what? Due to the robbery of the people and non-commodity enterprises! We all know that revenues from oil exports in excess of $ 40 per barrel do not go to the budget, but go to the booth. Is this proud of us? So can reduce budget revenues from oil and gas exports to zero? Joy is what it will be and it doesn’t matter that at the same time the population will simply die out of hunger.
        3)
        It is only important that all these wonderful qualities do not suppress other sectors of the economy.
        Do you even think a little in economics? Well, at least a little? If the tax burden on these enterprises is growing every year and the demand from the population, due to falling incomes for the sixth year in a row, is falling, then where do these sectors go?
        Tales about the export of Rostselmash combines to Germany and thousands of robots and machine tools in the USA can be told not even at school, but in kindergarten.
        Putin learned to hang noodles well. Revenues are falling, the economy is not growing, and he has only solid achievements. And why raise the incomes of the population and boost the economy when it is possible to tell fairy tales around the clock through a zomboyaschik and prigozhin’s troll factory. Hmm, with such an attitude people are in trouble.
        1. Russian jacket 21 January 2020 12: 50 New
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          There is such an economist Andrei Illarionov, a former adviser to Putin. Already gone, becoming an oppositionist and working at the Cato Institute in the United States. It can hardly be called a biased power. In 2014, in the Gordon (Ukrainian) program, he cited the number of Russian raw materials exports at 24-26 percent. In the same year, RBC called the figure of 40-45%, and moreover, according to the zombie.
        2. The comment was deleted.
      3. Keyser soze 21 January 2020 13: 52 New
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        further growth of non-oil exports.


        I became interested in the article and I rummaged through the statistics of the Russian Federation and Bulgaria. So this is what happened: the Russian Federation, the export of engineering - 20,156 billion USD. Bulgaria, export of mechanical engineering - 7,2 billion USD. This is 2018, without a defense.

        That is, roughly, with 20 times the population, you are selling over the hill only 3 times more than us. Eto those who repeat the myths of the broken industry of Eastern Europe.
        1. Dmitry V. 21 January 2020 15: 22 New
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          Quote: Keyser Soze
          further growth of non-oil exports.


          I became interested in the article and I rummaged through the statistics of the Russian Federation and Bulgaria. So this is what happened: the Russian Federation, the export of engineering - 20,156 billion USD. Bulgaria, export of mechanical engineering - 7,2 billion USD. This is 2018, without a defense.

          That is, roughly, with 20 times the population, you are selling over the hill only 3 times more than us. Eto those who repeat the myths of the broken industry of Eastern Europe.


          You bring some kind of strange statistics - maybe in 10 years?
          Here is the structure of exports from Bulgaria in 2018:
          In 2018, USD 33 billion worth of goods were exported from Bulgaria. NThe largest share of exports (6,49%) from Bulgaria in 2018 was made up of goods of group 2710 "Crude oil and petroleum products derived from bituminous rocks, ... - the value of the exported goods of this group was equal to 2,19 billion USD.

          In addition, exports from Bulgaria include goods of the following categories (data for 2018 is provided):
          3,72% (USD 1,25 billion) - 7403 - Refined copper and untreated copper alloys
          3,15% (USD 1,06 billion) - 7402 - Unrefined copper, copper anodes for electrolytic refining
          2,87% (USD 972 million) - 3004 - Medicines (except for goods of heading 3002, 3005 or 3006), consisting of mixed or unmixed products, for therapeutic or prophylactic use, packaged in dosage forms
          2,55% (USD 864 million) - 1001 - Wheat and Meslin
          1,82% (USD 615 million) - 8544 - Insulated wires (including enamelled or anodized), cables (including coaxial cables) and other insulated electrical conductors with or without connectors; fiber optic cables made up of fibers
          1,54% (USD 520 million) - 2716 - Electricity
          1,35% (USD 457 million) - 1206 - Sunflower seeds, whether or not crushed
          1,34% (USD 455 million) - 8538 - Parts intended exclusively or mainly for apparatus of heading 8535, 8536 or 8537


          That is, I do not see the export of engineering at $ 7 billion ...
          1. Keyser soze 21 January 2020 17: 54 New
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            That is, I do not see the export of engineering at $ 7 billion ...


            Please, here is a related article - https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://www.banker.bg/upravlenie-i-biznes/read/mashinite-vuzrodiha-iznosa&ved = 2ahUKEwi989Wb95TnAhWJw8QBHdrJBJMQFjAJegQIAhAB & usg = AOvVaw0bLqxtChcx7tV_khIl9MS7

            Prepare products, machinery, equipment and parts for a total cost of 13.5 billion levs. sa planned kupuvachi in a foreign land.


            This is about 7 billion dollars.
    3. lucul 21 January 2020 12: 39 New
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      all .... stop ... all the facts and figures - while traveling around the country ... there is no ruin ... sorry, they began to make "cosmetic repairs" in the districts, hang up ruins, paint houses, and in some places, even roads to do ..

      It is difficult for you living in Russia to follow the changes over the past 20 years, if you draw an analogy, then YOUR children grow up “imperceptibly”, but once I go to Russia every 5 years, the changes are immediately evident.
      1. Balabol-M 21 January 2020 20: 27 New
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        Quote: lucul
        all .... stop ... all the facts and figures - while traveling around the country ... there is no ruin ... sorry, they began to make "cosmetic repairs" in the districts, hang up ruins, paint houses, and in some places, even roads to do ..

        It is difficult for you living in Russia to follow the changes over the past 20 years, if you draw an analogy, then YOUR children grow up “imperceptibly”, but once I go to Russia every 5 years, the changes are immediately evident.

        So what .. These changes are just the beginning .. Until everything is hidden so that they are not vulgarized and sold hi
    4. bk316 21 January 2020 13: 27 New
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      all facts and figures - while traveling around the country ...

      Drive a lot?
    5. Balabol-M 21 January 2020 20: 22 New
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      Quote: Aerodrome
      Russia moves away from total oil dependence: figures and facts
      everything .... stop ... laughing wassat laughing all the facts and figures - on trips around the country ... no devastation ... sorry, they began to do "redecoration" in the districts, hang ruins, paint houses, and in some places, even roads to do ... and create "new production "for 300 jobs ... damn ... and the rest what to do? to walk on new sidewalks, with outstretched hands? (done with us) the population needs to be reduced by reforms. yeah. and then we dofiga- "whiners" ... here there will be only one "ruble" and there will be no one to whine. (and for pensioners, euthanasia ... if not very expensive for the budget) good

      What are you Airdrome on the first lines straight constantly .. Constantly shout outraged And whose will you still not understand ..?
      Or just yelling and whining love? Somehow decide already .. hi
      Maybe I'm with you too wassat And if they pay, then it's generally good .. wink
  2. 2 Level Advisor 21 January 2020 11: 44 New
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    A jump from the "oil needle" is good, the main thing is that due to increased production, and not tax fees from physicists and private entrepreneurs ..
  3. Romey 21 January 2020 11: 45 New
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    "No son, it's fantastic ..."
    1. Monster_Fat 21 January 2020 13: 43 New
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      I enjoyed reading the article. I especially liked about the thousands of US procured in Russia. So I see this for something, en masse in the shops of American factories. And about the Russian harvesters on the fields of the Germanshchina, so it's just a holiday of some kind. Author, write escho, my child.
  4. Romka 21 January 2020 11: 46 New
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    Comparable to an EU country like Hungary. Yes, the main thing here is with whom to compare ....
    1. carstorm 11 21 January 2020 11: 51 New
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      with the GDP of such a country. it’s like different comparisons.
  5. UserGun 21 January 2020 11: 48 New
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    "Russia delivered last year oil production record. A mark of 560,2 million tons has been reached, TASS reports citing data from the Central Dispatch Office of the fuel and energy complex.

    The previous record was set back in Soviet times,)))), it amounted to 569,5 million tons and was delivered in 1987. After that, production volumes were constantly decreasing. For example, in 1996 they fell to 303 million tons per year. "

    https://life.ru/p/1300348

    Why believe this aged leader of cranes and even more so reprint his tales ?!
    1. carstorm 11 21 January 2020 11: 52 New
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      volume of production and volume of export is not the same thing)
    2. 2 Level Advisor 21 January 2020 11: 54 New
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      well .. there are countries without minerals that live normally .. for example Switzerland .. But the question is that we have a lot of minerals and where will the income go from them if we move to "self-sufficiency" without money from natural resources. . less will not be mined
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. Volodin 21 January 2020 11: 55 New
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      Quote: UserGun
      Last year, Russia set a record for oil production.

      This just proves the growth in domestic processing and consumption.
      1. Ingvar 72 21 January 2020 12: 06 New
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        Quote: Volodin
        domestic processing and consumption.

        Is it internal?
        In 2019, Russia increased oil exports to non-CIS countries by 3,7% to 248,51 million tons, Interfax reported citing data from the Central Dispatch Center of the Fuel and Energy Complex under the Ministry of Energy
        And this is only in the far abroad, Alex. hi
        1. Astronaut 21 January 2020 12: 27 New
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          And in the near abroad we do not supply oil laughing
          1. Ingvar 72 21 January 2020 12: 33 New
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            Quote: Astronaut
            And in the near abroad we do not supply oil

            Are you talking about?
            1. Astronaut 21 January 2020 12: 47 New
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              The fact that Russia supplies to the neighboring countries a little more than 5% of total exports is in 2019, and in 2020 even less, because Belarus falls off
              1. Ingvar 72 21 January 2020 12: 59 New
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                Quote: Astronaut
                a little over 5%

                Nevertheless, total exports increased. request
      2. Altona 21 January 2020 19: 01 New
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        Quote: Volodin
        This just proves the growth in domestic processing and consumption.

        -----------------------
        Yes, yes, Alex. Just such a "growth", go nuts. Officially, gas consumption in the country fell by 2 times, that is, transportation fell from a passenger car to a bus. Some of the metalworking enterprises are just standing with the New Year, the demand for products is also falling. In general, depending on where you watch this “growth”, on TV or on the ground, what’s called. As for the Rostselmash combines, he stupidly built a plant in Canada, spitting on our advanced tax system and our imperious "cooperation with business." We also have an increase in mortality, with an exponentially-157, 237, 269 thousand in recent years. Such a growth is amazing and a growth in the lack of demand, which even the gentlemen-oligarchs have already begun to notice, because retail has stood up and is going bankrupt, a vivid example of Spar. I’m not saying that everything is bad and “we are all gone,” but when the country is no longer only in an economic recession but also in a political crisis, it’s strange to talk about growth. Maybe there is growth, in the hospital there is also growth - temperature, pulse and pressure, drug consumption in the end. In general, we must first of all look at the growth of incomes of the population, and not the notorious "million tons of pig iron, steel, rye."
        1. Astronaut 21 January 2020 19: 18 New
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          Who are you working for, buddy? What such nonsense are broadcasting about fuel, about Rostselmash?
          Have you ever been to Rostov?
          1. Altona 21 January 2020 23: 03 New
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            Quote: Astronaut
            Have you ever been to Rostov?

            ------------------------
            The director of Rostselmash’s at Kalashnikov’s several times on Roy-TV was their “Party of the case,” however, you don’t watch this. As for industry, in Cheboksary, for example, they make the best tank semi-trailers in the world at the Sespel enterprise, but this is the merit of the head Bakshaev and his late colleague. People really know how to work.
        2. Pivot 21 January 2020 23: 10 New
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          Nobody built a plant in Canada, Buhler, Redball, Izion plants were bought, and they only produce tractors, self-propelled sprayers and soil cultivation, but if the former with a stretch can be called a plant in our opinion, then there are two other small productions, Rostov Rosselmash compared to these factories are a monster, and even Morozovsk selmash is much larger and the sale of combines is about 70% of Rostselmash’s profit. And export growth of Rostselmash began to increase thanks to a competent team for the development of a dealer network and after-sales service, if our foreign trade offices would support our business abroad, we would sell even more. Just the work of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs should be focused on the promotion of goods produced in the homeland.
          1. Altona 21 January 2020 23: 17 New
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            Quote: Pivot
            No one built a plant in Canada

            -----------------------
            I write from the words of the director himself, who often appeared in Kalashnikov's (Roy-TV) in his commercials. He didn’t voice any volumes, he just stupidly told about Canada. Once again I say that we have sensible industrialists, the same Kirovets tractors also live and develop. This suggests that we have talented people, but we still have priority for oil and gas exporters. By the way, the work of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is also focused on exporters, but it’s extremely bad, Lavrov also has children in the USA and all that. Therefore, foreign policy fails miserably and publicly loudly only from the TV. For some reason no one remembers the stupidly lost buildings of the trade mission and consulates in the USA, about the gray T-shirts of Russian athletes without a flag.
            1. Sergey1987 22 January 2020 10: 08 New
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              Quote: Altona
              Lavrov also has children in the USA and all that

              Lavrov’s daughter only studied in the USA, for such a simple reason that her father was a representative of the Russian Federation at the UN.
              Quote: Altona
              Therefore, foreign policy fails miserably and loudly PR only from the TV

              But what are you and what is the failure?
              Quote: Altona
              For some reason no one remembers the stupidly lost buildings of the trade mission and consulates in the USA, about the gray T-shirts of Russian athletes without a flag.

              Well, of course. But do not tell me what needed to be done? Probably deliver a nuclear strike in response.
    5. Loess 21 January 2020 12: 41 New
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      Quote: UserGun
      "Russia last year set a record for oil production.

      So it’s not about sales.
      Quote: UserGun
      The previous record was set back in Soviet times,)))), it amounted to 569,5 million tons and was set in 1987.

      The USSR was territorially a little (5 million sq km) larger than the Russian Federation.
      Quote: UserGun
      Why ... reprint his tales ?!

      So which of you is a storyteller?
    6. URAL72 21 January 2020 13: 00 New
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      You do not confuse the USSR with Russia. A lot of oil was extracted in Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, even in Ukraine and Belarus.
  6. Ingvar 72 21 January 2020 11: 57 New
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    Ah, dreams, dreams .... So I want to feel these "results" live, around me, and not what to read about the virtual deliveries of robots to the United States.
  7. vladimirvn 21 January 2020 12: 09 New
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    .. "In the single treasury, the share of oil and gas companies falls to about a quarter of the total volume and is already comparable to the collection of income tax from citizens ..."
    good
    1. UserGun 21 January 2020 12: 35 New
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      “For the whole of 2018, according to the Ministry of Finance, oil and gas revenues amounted to 9 trillion rubles, or 46,3% of all federal budget revenues

      Read more at RBC:
      https://www.rbc.ru/economics/22/08/2019/5d555e4b9a7947aed7a185de

      I don’t even know who needed this little article here. After all, it is completely easy and simple to consider from open sources)))
      1. Russian jacket 21 January 2020 12: 59 New
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        RBC is a combed and reminded likeness of an echo matzah. Often I saw their distortion. Example. Now they have announced that Belarus has a contract for the supply of oil from Norway. And that’s all. There is no analysis of what is the benefit or what kind of contract, how to deliver, etc. Only the reliance that the Old Man has found a replacement. This is only 10% of information from other news agencies. And there are a lot of interesting things, especially the cost and delivery method. There is such an economist Andrei Illarionov, a former adviser to Putin. Already gone, becoming an oppositionist and working at the Cato Institute in the United States. It can hardly be called a biased power. In 2014, in the Gordon (Ukrainian) program, he cited the number of Russian raw materials exports at 24-26 percent. In the same year, RBC called the figure of 40-45%. It is interesting that I have never heard or seen Illarionov on RBC.
        1. UserGun 21 January 2020 14: 10 New
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          Hey hey !!! ))) And here you can see https://www.minfin.ru/ru/statistics/fedbud/execute/?id_65=80041-yezhegodnaya_informatsiya_ob_ispolnenii_federalnogo_byudzhetadannye_s_1_yanvarya_2006_g. ?!

          Also lying ?! ))) laughing laughing laughing laughing

          Appendix 3.1
          Brief information on the implementation of the federal budget (billion rubles)
          2018 year
          SECTION I
          1 Revenues, total 19
          1.1. Oil and gas revenues 9 017,8

          A simple arithmetic calculator shows the same stubborn tsiferki as paganoy rbc)))
          1. Russian jacket 21 January 2020 15: 47 New
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            All is correct. As the devil says in detail. Here is the data on the federal budget. And what about consolidated, taking into account the regions?
            1. UserGun 22 January 2020 07: 24 New
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              Do you have all the time with your head ?!
              1. Russian jacket 22 January 2020 16: 22 New
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                What I expected. It is always a pleasure to chat with a cultured and advanced opponent. All according to the training manual.
  8. Demagogue 21 January 2020 12: 24 New
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    The success story of any country where high value-added products are created is the success story of families. Family businesses, professional family dynasties, etc. Any success requires tremendous efforts, many years of development of technology, etc. As well as their transfer to the next generation. There are industries where industries that are less than say 30 years old, in principle, cannot produce a quality product. In our country, after 17 years, all these success stories were multiplied by 0. The urban population was destroyed under the root in ruin. In the late 20s finished off the remains of specialists. As a result, after 91 our human resources turned out to be completely uncompetitive in the world market. That is, some talented people were in demand abroad, but our products are not. And in order to restore all this and achieve at least the level of 17 years in terms of professionalism, a change of more than one generation is needed.
  9. Van 16 21 January 2020 12: 31 New
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    It’s not quite a topic, but such a question, the UEC has the slogan “Best engines for the best airplanes,” why, then, those who produce them get an order of magnitude less than those who make fuel for these engines? request
  10. Ross xnumx 21 January 2020 12: 37 New
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    In September, after the government approved the federal budget for 2020–2022, the Ministry of Finance announced: “The share of oil and gas revenues in the total revenues of the federal budget will decrease from 40,8% in 2019 to 35% in 2022.” It means waiting for us..

    a possible fall in world oil prices, which will directly affect the Russian economy, which we can only dream of further diversifying, as well as mitigating possible global risks.
    As for the oil and gas industry, its role in our lives remains large and significant ...

    ... a mystery. In fact, this
    ... industry gives It should give Russia a competitive advantage over other countries, ensure energy independence and security, fill the budget, and give decent work to millions of people.

    And in reality, it brings an incomprehensible and unjustified rise in energy prices in the country, thereby depriving Russian industrial (and not only) production of competitiveness. It fills the state budget with half the strength and brings millions of profits to shareholders and the management of Rosneft and Gazprom. Although the work of millions of Russians at gas stations and fuel trucks, at developments, rotations and pipes also brings ... True, with less dividends ...
    hi
  11. Yrec 21 January 2020 12: 58 New
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    Quote: Nasr
    You are not a whiner, you are a slacker whom circumstances of life force to work ... and you are offended by these circumstances!
    And so - gathered early in the morning and created a new production for the same 300 jobs - so no, it's troublesome .... you must, having bought a cheap gadget, sit in it all day !!!!

    Our "export-oriented" economy is focused on enriching only those who are engaged in these exports. And VAT is refunded to them, and all sorts of benefits and in the offshore it is possible and personal income tax - 13%, and tax on dividends, in general - 9%. And the overwhelming majority of the country's population (not me) lives on a beggarly salary, because the main competitive advantage in exporting is a low salary. Create an enterprise, you say? And who will sell the products? In Russia (with the exception of Moscow and St. Petersburg) there is no solvent demand. People with difficulty on food and a communal apartment are missing.
    1. eagle owl 21 January 2020 13: 17 New
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      In numbers, the drop in consumption levels - justify. And as long as you are a whiner and a loafer
  12. Vyacheslav Viktorovich 21 January 2020 13: 00 New
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    The share of oil revenues is high here. During the liberal rampant of the nineties, it rose above 60 percent.
    What year is this? In the 90s, oil prices were at the bottom, and even from them the income went into the pocket of the oligarchs.
  13. Nikolay87 21 January 2020 13: 04 New
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    And where are the numbers and facts !? Not even a single chart)))) Forecasts and own conclusions ...
    1. Vyacheslav Viktorovich 21 January 2020 13: 13 New
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      Schedule for past years:

      If you extrapolate 138bn in 11 months a year, then it’s 151bn.
  14. SARANCHA1976 21 January 2020 13: 09 New
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    Remove oil-gas-forest-weapons and the remaining percentages will be so funny
  15. eagle owl 21 January 2020 13: 15 New
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    I'll get 5 kopecks. Oil and gas imports have a different name - the market for ENERGY carriers. Imagine, hypothetically, that oil and gas all over the world is completely over. Energy is still needed. Where to get it from? REALLY - only nuclear power plants. ALL! The options are REAL - there are simply NO more in nature. Green is unstable; reserve generation is MANDATORY for it. Who in the world knows how to build nuclear power plants? And ONLY Rosatom. China is building low-power and EVEN if it learns to build full-sized - these are DECADES of experience. Those. the most optimistic - in the 2050s he will become a COMPETITOR. In the meantime, the Russian Federation - HEGEMON in the NPP market, a monopolist.
    With the disappearance of the oil needle in the world, the Russian Federation will become a monopoly producer of both nuclear power plants and a monopolistic exporter of energy. Not carriers, but energy itself. Better)))
    1. Romka 21 January 2020 16: 12 New
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      Who in the world knows how to build nuclear power plants? A ONLY Rosatom
      So it turns out Rosatom built in France, Japan, the USA? Her mine ...
      1. eagle owl 21 January 2020 16: 35 New
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        So it turns out in France the last block was built over 20 years ago? So it turns out in the USA the last block was built over 30 years ago? So it turns out in France Areva went bankrupt and she’s being saved from the budget now, and she has already 10 years to complete the construction of Finland’s Olkiluoto NPP - can’t she build? So Westinghouse went bankrupt in the USA, on which contracts like fleas on a dog - 2 in the USA, 4 nuclear plants, and not a block in China, 2 nuclear plants in India. is it impossible to build? So it’s Japan that it’s never built a nuclear power plant for itself, was it built in the USA?
        I can continue, this is only the beginning of fun
        1. Foul skeptic 21 January 2020 17: 33 New
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          Romka’s speech, as I understand it, was about competence in the construction of nuclear power plants.
          And what your message is about is a consequence of either countries' policies regarding the use of nuclear energy or the financial situation.
          so this is Japan has never built a nuclear power plant

          Suddenly. At the beginning of the message, I thought you were in the subject.
          1. eagle owl 21 January 2020 17: 43 New
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            And what kind of nuclear power plant was built by Japan? Everywhere the reactor is American, and the design, along with the standards, is the same. Fukushima is the same - the American standard with protection against hitting an aircraft, but not tested for earthquake resistance, the reactors are American. There, at the moment, it’s generally cool - the same Vogtl nuclear power plant, not built, of course - there is only American software there. Everything else is subcontracting, which is why they went bankrupt.
            About the policy regarding nuclear power plants - do you know how Areva went bankrupt? In France. where have nuclear plants never been driven? They became private traders, and it turned out that in order to build nuclear power plants a bunch of research institutes were needed, and the private trader could not contain them. It is the same with Westinghouse - as they found out in 2014 about a year that they had put steel UNCHECKED for radio resistance on 90% of the sections of the hot zone all their lives. They measured the temperature resistance - and alga! And she is pouring in. And they didn’t measure it, for private traders, there are no research institutes.
            Systematic BLAMTS in both and for 20 years the staff is already retired
            1. Foul skeptic 21 January 2020 19: 07 New
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              And what kind of nuclear power plant was built by Japan?


              This is only where Mitsubishi was a designer and builder.
              1. eagle owl 21 January 2020 19: 20 New
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                Well, the first one is direct, Oi NPPs - Westinghouse reactors - the first two units, the last two - the same reactor, but here I don’t remember exactly - the roofing was a Westinghouse branch in Japan, the roofing felts were licensed, but the reactor is Westinghouse, the same.
                I say, reactors and standards are from the United States, and who specifically interfered with concrete and cooked seams ... Do you understand about steel? Well, the Japanese didn’t catch it. The funny thing is that this Jamb was found by the GERMANS, long ago, in the 70s. but for some reason, the roofing felts were not striped, the roofing felts were striped, so as not to be included in the costs - they did not say anything. As a result, Germany changed its steel in the hot zone ... And then it closed nafig reactors! Those that are made with the mind - closed, but with the left steelwork - remained!
                By the way, this is one of the most likely causes of the Fukushima accident. Steel is "tired", and then there is seismic ... And it corny crumbled like clay.
                But. I partially admit a mistake - under license or not, but released in Japan, here I am wrong.
                1. Foul skeptic 21 January 2020 19: 38 New
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                  The Japanese themselves make TVELs themselves, but you - concrete interfered, cooked the seams ... Do you all consider PWR reactors as Westinghouse? Mitsubishi reactors - Joyo, Monju, etc.
                  I say - reactors and standards - from the US

                  That's just APWR, they specifically certified their as both US-APWR and EU-APWR
                  I understood about steel.
    2. 2 Level Advisor 21 January 2020 16: 33 New
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      Too bad it's all hypothetically
  16. Dmitry V. 21 January 2020 13: 32 New
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    The export list of Russia is great. Here are Rosatom’s products, mining, drilling, metallurgical equipment, heavy cranes, excavators, diesel and electric locomotives, instruments and scientific equipment, military vehicles and weapons, airplanes and helicopters, ships of various types, space technologies, software, machine tools and tools , consumer goods, food, etc. A separate item of budget revenues is the export of agricultural products that breaks records: cereals, sugar, vegetable oils, animal feed, meat, chicken eggs, milk and dairy products.


    Listen to these fables - oil to the soul.
    But we are adults and we are not used to taking a word - we look at the statistics of 2018 - 64% of oil and gas, and 6% of industrial goods and machines do not seem to have gotten off the needle.


    Looking closer?

    That is, to say that the Russian Federation is massively exporting high value added products is at least premature.

    Separately by grain.
    Of the exported grain - mainly of low quality - not the highest quality and cheapest.
    At the same time, it purchases high-quality grain from the Russian Federation (for example, in Brazil and Kazakhstan) - in the Russian Federation it is produced less than during the USSR.

    Should one rejoice in grain export growth? - In fact, this is raw material. Or should we rejoice in the growth of its processing?
    https://zen.yandex.ru/media/id/5bfbc42ba6e16e00a90619b3/rf-v-2018-glavnyi-eksporter-zerna-v-mire-eto-priznak-gordosti-ili-gluposti-5c7789c0317b9c00b411de72


    Grain quality is falling: the main grain for food is grades 1-3, production is decreasing from year to year, grade 4 remains at the same level, and production of grade 5 is fodder and non-class. Hard varieties - almost not grown.
    There is little to be happy about: selling grain on average 10% ($ 25) cheaper than Americans is not a great achievement.

    Who is interested in the article of Doctor of Technical Sciences Meleshkina EP The quality of Russian wheat grain: dynamics, features and problems
    https://vniiz.org/science/publication/article-170
    and On the quality of grain produced in the Russian Federation http://www.fczerna.ru/News.aspx?id=6445

    As reported, in 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin instructed farmers to bring the production of strong and valuable varieties of wheat (with a gluten content of more than 2024%) to 23 million tons by 32 to improve the quality of bread.

    Allegedly in 2019 - the situation according to the Ministry of Agriculture has improved.
    According to him, by August 28, the share of food wheat of grades 1-4 increased to 84,6% from 74% a year earlier. At the same time, the proportion of feed wheat (Grade 5) decreased to 15,4% compared with 25,7% last year.


    Although I didn’t notice this with flour - so-so premium flour in retail - which producer do not take it.
  17. Roman070280 21 January 2020 13: 38 New
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    Russia moves away from total oil dependence


    Yeah .. you also urgently need an article that Russia refuses the dollar in settlements with Turkey / China / Brazil / Belarus / Kazakhstan (emphasize to your liking the necessary)
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  19. Dmitry V. 21 January 2020 13: 54 New
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    Yes, something is not very happy with the quality structure of cultivated grain in 2019.
    Grade 1-2 is generally almost zero ...
    I remind you that group A (eatable) is a grain of 1-3 grades.
    Group B is also considered food for groups and pasta that would not be eaten in Italy.

    Ie, note that hard grains are not grown at all in the Russian Federation. Imported a little bit
    But on all pasta of local lovers to grind grain - from hard grains? Pure fake.
    Think what you eat ...
  20. Dmitry V. 21 January 2020 14: 20 New
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    For those who do not understand, it is better to compare:
    In Europe, wheat quality requirements:
    soft food wheat should contain min. 26% of gluten (the so-called. "European standard"), and soft wheat milling varieties - the main raw material for the production of flour - should contain at least 28-29% gluten.

    According to the Russian guest: 1st grade 30% gluten, 2nd grade 27% gluten (closest in quality to the European standard) and we do not grow such varieties!

    The Russian main 3rd class - this is only 23% of gluten - does not meet the European standard.

    For none of the main indicators of quality soft wheat 4 cl. does not fit the European definition of food, as well as fodder - so in the middle.



    So why did it happen that agricultural holdings fostered on state subsidies, on cheap state loans and subsidies, grow frankly cheap and low-quality grain?
    And is this what the greatest achievement of the landowners is brought to us?
    1. Loess 21 January 2020 16: 01 New
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      Quote: Dmitry Vladimirovich
      grow frankly cheap and low-quality grain?

      And who buys it so poor-quality? I looked at the list here - I counted about 65 states (+/- 2). Among them are England, Israel, Turkey, the Emirates, Greece, Qatar, Norway, South Korea .. It seems that these are not all poor - but here they take "frankly cheap and low-quality" grain. Some of them are already purchased by two-thirds of the total volumes of our grain ...
      1. Dmitry V. 21 January 2020 16: 29 New
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        Quote: Less
        And who buys it so poor-quality? I looked at the list here - I counted about 65 states (+/- 2). Among them are England, Israel, Turkey, the Emirates, Greece, Qatar, Norway, South Korea .. It seems that these are not all poor - but here they take "frankly cheap and low-quality" grain. Some of them are already purchased by two-thirds of the total volumes of our grain ...


        Turkey processes it into flour and resells to other countries, Egypt - takes it cheaper - because Russian grain in the market goes dumping to American.
        Each batch of grain serves as a pretext for negotiations.
        Most of them are bought by Turkey, Egypt, Iran - the rest are as follows:


        And where did you find England - I can’t imagine?
        From the EU - one poor Latvia ...

        The UAE, like the other oil provinces of the region, is its hard workers: Pakistanis, Indians, too, must be fed something.
        South Korea - logistics from the Russian Federation is cheaper than from the US - their wheat consumption is not significant, compared with the main grain crop - rice.

        I am not against exporting good or bad wheat, I am for making our premium flour at least of grade 2 grain, which we do not grow at all.
        I want to bake white bread, not gray!
    2. Dmitry V. 21 January 2020 16: 10 New
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      I look and minus - i.e. Do you agree to give your children bread from flour class 3 mixed with 4-5 to give?
      As a result of damage to protein substances, including grain enzymes, as well as a lack of starch, amylolytic activity of the grain is extremely low. All this leads to the fact that bread from such a grain has a small volume, crimp, pale crust, very dense thick-walled, inelastic, rough crumb of gray or dark color

      In factories, the gray color is corrected by the introduction of modifiers that bleach the color of the crumb and increase the water content (correspondingly reducing the flour content in a standard bread roll).

      Since bakeries add 10-15% of crumbs to the dough from returns to the factory of unsold lots of bread - often moldy, flavored with various modifiers - he bakes bread according to a standard recipe (yeast, flour, sugar, salt, water).
      I buy flour in retail and see from year to year that the premium flour is not such - the bread crumb is gray, which indicates the quality of the grain from which the flour was produced.
      Busting manufacturers does not lead to improvement - premium flour in retail, does not match the level.
  21. Chersky 21 January 2020 14: 24 New
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    Promobot Perm Industrial Robots Go to America in Thousands

    That's really rzhaka! 30 pieces per month are made, but thousands are driven to America!
    There are articles from the category of "we all die." it's the same thing, but vice versa. Rave...
    1. Dmitry V. 21 January 2020 14: 35 New
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      Quote: Chersky
      Promobot Perm Industrial Robots Go to America in Thousands

      That's really rzhaka! 30 pieces per month are made, but thousands are driven to America!
      There are articles from the category of "we all die." it's the same thing, but vice versa. Rave...


      The author seems to be confused with China - there, industrial robots pioneers in school are learning to program from 5-6 grades, the largest cluster of industrial robotics in the world in Shanghai. Thousands are doing there.
      By 2020, the city should become a global center for the development of high-tech high-tech industries, including industrial and service robots. Volumes will grow to $ 14 billion.
      Shanghai is today one of the largest robot manufacturers in China. One of the largest industries of the industrial giant ABB Group is located here, the construction of another large plant of the KUKA Robot Group concern has begun.
  22. NKXXI 21 January 2020 14: 43 New
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    And now, after reading this opus, we go to the FCS website and look at the dynamics of exports and imports for at least the last decade, especially their structure, and we continue to rejoice at getting off the “needle” and joining the “high-tech countries”. But in fact: that is still agitation without facts, interest, sane periodization and specific figures ...
  23. Blue fox 21 January 2020 14: 59 New
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    I wanted to read which of our excavators are exported abroad, I would rather not have looked, only upset.
  24. Maks1995 21 January 2020 15: 30 New
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    Something everyone calls different numbers.

    Here "" The share of oil and gas revenues in the total revenues of the federal budget will decrease from 40,8% in 2019 to 35% in 2022 ""
    Putin seems to have recently called smaller numbers, about 20%

    It turns out that all these numbers are garbage, as it will be so.
  25. Yrec 21 January 2020 16: 44 New
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    Quote: Uhu
    In numbers, the drop in consumption levels - justify. And as long as you are a whiner and a loafer

    Manipulating the numbers is for the “experts” and the government, and I work on 2 jobs + I have my own business + income-generating assets. And I'm not a poor person. And I see with my own eyes and in my business a drop in incomes. I live in the province.
  26. nextimen 22 January 2020 09: 18 New
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    Today, Rostselmash combines can be found even in Germany. I don’t know how in Germany, I haven’t been there, but we can easily see CLAAS combines. In Soviet times, the Rostselmash Production Association provided jobs for 70 thousand people and produced 300 combines a day. Now what? "The Power of Siberia", various northern and southern streams, is this how Russia is moving away from the raw material needle?
  27. Rakovor 22 January 2020 10: 56 New
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    Quote: Aerodrome
    to you specifically? relish? I am retired, which is not enough for housing and communal services, and I work, and I wind up, both in hospitals and in the country. are you satisfied? (supply)

    Come on, he doesn’t have enough pensions for housing and communal services. What kind of housing and communal services do you have? Or maybe you live in Ukraine?