Military Review

Morgenthau American Plan for Germany

31

In the ups and downs around Nord Stream 2, two things are striking. Germany’s inexorable will to lay this pipeline along with Russia, despite a serious deterioration in relations with the United States. The US desire to disrupt the construction of this Russian-German gas pipeline at any cost. When it was not possible to do this with political pressure, the United States switched to sanctions against formally its allies, thereby transferring them to the category of opponents along with Russia and China.


Russia and Germany in the same boat


Recent US sanctions against SP-2, which prevented the laying of the last 160 km of the gas pipeline and led to the suspension of construction, caused a new crisis in transatlantic relations. Germany openly expresses its dissatisfaction with Washington and still intends to complete the SP-2, Russia promises to respond to Washington with countermeasures. Russia and Germany find themselves in the same boat, and the transatlantic partnership is clearly breaking, but all sides of the gas conflict continue to stand their ground. Russia's position is understandable, but why do we see such a confrontation between Germany and the United States?

The strategic goal of the United States is obvious - to cut off Europe (primarily Germany) from relatively cheap Russian energy sources and put on its more expensive ones. At the same time, America will earn twice: directly by selling its LNG to Europe and indirectly by reducing the competitiveness of German industry. This is disadvantageous for Germany and Europe, but, in principle, they could have come to terms with this, having sacrificed part of their profits in order to preserve the transatlantic partnership. But this does not happen, which means that the situation is more serious.

Let's look at the energy logistics of Europe. Today it has three main energy suppliers: the Middle Eastern countries, led by Saudi Arabia, the United States and Russia, whose share is approximately one third. However, Saudi Arabia and its partners are US satellites, so if Russia can be cut off from the European energy market, it will be completely under the control of the United States and its Middle Eastern satellites. In other words, Germany and Europe will be completely dependent on the United States for energy. For some reason, Germany is very afraid of this, and, in spite of everything, is building long-term energy relations with Russia.

German fears


Berlin remembers post-war history, namely, that NATO and the EU were created not only to contain the USSR, but also to bind the hands of Germany. To prevent the revival and strengthening of Germany is a long-standing policy of Britain, which was inherited by the United States, but today Germany has become the industrial locomotive of Europe and is gaining leading positions in the European Union. And Brexit comes, Britain unexpectedly leaves the EU under the applause of President Trump and his economic advisers. A flurry of accusations falls on Germany as a “bad” ally, according to Trump, and who is building energy relations with Russia.

After World War II, the United States adopted the Marshall Plan for Europe and Germany, but there was also an alternative Morgenthau plan for it. This plan provided for the de-industrialization of Germany, the transformation of Germany into a large potato field as insurance against the emergence of its military industry and, accordingly, military potential.

In the forties of the last century, Washington refused the Morgenthau plan, because it was necessary to create an attractive showcase of the West on the border with the USSR, and a large potato field hardly gave a beautiful picture. But today the situation has changed: Russia has appeared instead of the USSR, the economic integration of Russia and Germany will lead to the strengthening of both countries.

Germany fears that the United States is preparing a new version of the Morgenthau plan with its liquefied gas when Germany is cut off from energy supplies from Russia. Is there any reason for this? Let's look at post-Maidan Ukraine, where the process of de-industrialization of the country is rapidly taking place with applause from the United States.

Former US ambassador to Ukraine Jeffrey Payette justified the deindustrialization of Ukraine by the fact that the country is becoming an agrarian superpower, and this is supposedly a great achievement! Such a wonderful prospect looms before the whole of Europe, and first of all before Germany. Therefore, Berlin does not depart from the Nord Stream 2 project with Russia, despite American sanctions.

Note, in order to create Germany’s energy difficulties, it is beneficial for the United States to interrupt Ukrainian gas transit, which requires destabilizing the Zelensky regime.
Author:
Photos used:
gazprom.ru
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  1. thanks
    thanks 12 January 2020 04: 34
    +7
    Quote: Military Review * Opinions
    The US’s strategic goal is obvious - to cut off Europe (primarily Germany) from relatively cheap Russian energy and put it on its more expensive ones. At the same time, America will earn twice: directly by selling its LNG to Europe and indirectly by reducing the competitiveness of German industry. This is disadvantageous for Germany and Europe, but, in principle, they could have come to terms with this, having sacrificed part of their profits in order to preserve the transatlantic partnership. But this does not happen, which means that the situation is more serious.

    Times are changing - people are changing. No one wants to chop the branch on which they sit, even to please the allies!
    1. dSK
      dSK 12 January 2020 13: 07
      0
      Trump conducts the industrial revolution in the United States, returning industrial production to the country and intensively stimulating it.
      The difference between Democrats and Republicans is only that Democrats more represent the interests of pure financial capital - the Rothschild clan; and Republicans - the interests of industrial and financial capital - the Rockefeller clan.
    2. NF68
      NF68 12 January 2020 16: 04
      +1
      Quote: Mersi
      Times are changing - people are changing. No one wants to chop the branch on which they sit, even to please the allies!


      When you have "allies" like the United States, you don't need enemies either.
  2. Comrade
    Comrade 12 January 2020 05: 11
    0
    Former US Ambassador to Ukraine Jeffrey Payette justified the deindustrialization of Ukraine by making the country an agrarian superpower

    The "agrarian superpower" cannot feed itself, even its own potatoes and onions are not enough for the population, and Russia also has to be brought from Europe.
  3. bessmertniy
    bessmertniy 12 January 2020 05: 20
    +2
    The combined economic power of Russia and Germany, taking into account the multiplier effect over the next 10 years, could bring such a tandem to the third world economy, which is equivalent to the USA and China. hi
    1. Comrade
      Comrade 12 January 2020 05: 43
      +3
      Quote: bessmertniy
      The combined economic power of Russia and Germany, taking into account the multiplier effect over the next 10 years, could bring such a tandem to the third world economy, which is equivalent to the USA and China.

      America will lay bones to prevent this.
    2. Octopus
      Octopus 12 January 2020 05: 50
      -4
      Quote: bessmertniy
      The combined economic power of Russia and Germany, taking into account the multiplier effect over the next 10 years, could bring such a tandem to the third world economy, which is equivalent to the USA and China.

      ))
      Let me remind you that even with the great geopolitics, the Old Man is already in control. When the Germans finally dismissed the Komsomol, which lived a third of their life with Comrade. Brezhnev Honnekere, with friends, geopolitics will become even worse.
      1. 72jora72
        72jora72 12 January 2020 05: 58
        +1
        Let me remind you that even with the great geopolitics, the Old Man is already in control.
        With such "friends" as Old Man, you don't need enemies .......
        1. Octopus
          Octopus 12 January 2020 06: 22
          -2
          Quote: 72jora72
          With such "friends" as Old Man,

          Well done. Tell me who your friend is, as they say.
  4. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 12 January 2020 05: 52
    +2
    But today the situation has changed: Russia has appeared instead of the USSR, the economic integration of Russia and Germany will lead to the strengthening of both countries.

    What do you mean? belay Has it really begun? Consider how you want the topic or not about economic strengthening, economic integration and its role in the modern Russian life cycle:
    1. bessmertniy
      bessmertniy 12 January 2020 09: 44
      +4
      Impressive numbers. The oligarchs are not the only people ripped off as sticky No. , but the country's defense was also undermined by the fact that it was not the aircraft carriers who bought it, but the Faberge eggs. : what wassat:
      1. Ross xnumx
        Ross xnumx 12 January 2020 10: 03
        -2
        Quote: bessmertniy
        Impressive numbers. The oligarchs are not the only people ripped off as sticky

        All figures are taken only from the official websites of the Moscow Region, the VO website, official statistics and proposals of Mosproject ... And some are still trying to suggest to us that the "bottom has passed" ...
        lol Not the bottom has been gone, just a crust of ice has been broken on the surface of the water frozen in a barrel ...
        What can we talk about when the “maize" is a pipe product unrealizable for today's designers ... And the fact that the output rate of high-tech products is regulated by external reasons speaks for itself ...
        Most of all I was struck by the “potential” volumes of housing and commissioning of healthcare and education facilities ...
        hi
        PS This is Forbes data on the status of the "Russian" oligarchs. Estimated data on the withdrawal of capital from Russia draw a figure of 2-2,5 trillion. dollars ... That's why ...
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 13 January 2020 18: 51
      -1
      Quote: ROSS 42
      At the end of 2019, one interesting information flashed that the total fortune of 30 Russian dollar billionaires and 110 Russian dollar millionaires that had been born over 246 years was more than $ 000.

      Let us imagine this “irreparable loss” in specific things, products and events.

      Everything would be fine, but how are you going to convert land, real estate or a factory into an aircraft carrier or an air squadron? Or do you think the state of the oligarch is a tower with gold coins, into which he dives daily? smile
      Most of this amount is tied money, and the cost depends on market and political conditions. How much does the factory selected from the oligarch cost? But not at all - nobody will just buy it, they’ll take it anyway. So instead of an aircraft carrier, we get zero on a stick.
  5. Octopus
    Octopus 12 January 2020 06: 17
    +2
    Oh, these political scientists. Oh, these economists. Oh, these historians.
    1. Gas prices in Europe under the terms of the third energy package should be formed on the exchange. Now there is both LNG and Gazprom present, and Gazprom gas is far from dominating. Gazprom’s supply volumes are currently not limited by production or transit, but only by demand.
    2. Germany has no problems with physical access to Gazprom’s gas, it hasn’t and will not be in the near future, since the issue of Ukrainian transit has been resolved in the near future. Interest in the joint venture was caused solely with the ability to get rid of the headache in the form of Ukrainian affairs for Russian money. A nice gift, no doubt, but not important for anyone but a few corrupt former officials. For Germany, as a state, the transit option is indifferent; direct transit is an idea fixed on the Russian side.
    3. Gas prices in Europe have been falling over the past few years. Now the supply of gas is clearly excessive.
    4. In Germany now, without any cunning American plans, inadequately high electricity prices. But, firstly, this does not particularly affect German industry, and secondly, the responsibility for the price of electricity in Germany lies with the fully ruling coalition, that is, the participation of the green ones in it.
    5. The Morgenthau Plan and the Marshall Plan have never been alternative. The Morgenthau plan refers to the memorandum of the American Minister of Finance Morgenthau, who slipped it to Roosevelt at the beginning of the 44th year. Evil tongues say that in fact this piece of paper was written by Morgenthau's assistant G. White, a Soviet agent.
    Despite the fact that Roosevelt read this memorandum and did not expel Morgenthau, in connection with which this "plan" certainly deserves a mention among the crimes and follies of Roosevelt, but, nevertheless, the Morgenthau plan was never the official position even personally of Roosevelt, not to mention that it was never presented to Congress, unlike the Marshall Plan.
    As for the latter, the Marshall plan appeared four years later than the Morgenthau plan, was just the US state program that passed the Congress, and was the result of the obvious fact that all those air locks that the State Department built in 44-45 years regarding international institutions, in the world where comrade lives Stalin, they can’t exist. It took manual control: money in exchange for communist ministers.
    1. Simple
      Simple 12 January 2020 13: 10
      +1
      Quote: Octopus
      For Germany, as a state, the transit option is indifferent; direct transit is an idea fixed on the Russian side.


      Not quite so: will gas be cheaper in SP 2, or?

      Gazprom’s supply volumes are currently not limited by production or transit, but only by demand.


      Just to switch to "green" electricity, Germany will need additional volumes of cheap (in our case through SP2) natural gas for a couple of decades.

      In this decade, Germany wants to move away from coal and nuclear power.

      How to "heat" the country (including industry) - with wood?
      All sorts of different windmills or solar panels - for this the country's energy network is simply not prepared,.
      In addition to this, they want to move away from ICE motors in vehicles.

      The alternative is electricity and hydrogen. The latter will also go as a replacement for coke in open-hearth furnaces.
      And only cheap natural gas helps out.
      1. Octopus
        Octopus 12 January 2020 16: 05
        -2
        No, your original package is incorrect.
        Gazprom does not sell gas in Russia, but directly in Germany. It costs the same, regardless of the method of transit. Transit - Gazprom's problems and more than a draw.

        At one time, in unofficial circles, the idea was actively discussed that it was insanity, that it was necessary to sell on its own border, and then let the bourgeoisie deal with Ukraine themselves. But official circles, of course, cannot allow the transit issue to be decided by Ukraine directly with Germany and only with it.

        As for green energy, from the point of view of the carbon footprint, gas and coal do not differ. You forget that the German greens are warmists, not ecologists.
        1. Simple
          Simple 12 January 2020 20: 55
          0
          Quote: Octopus
          No, your original package is incorrect.
          Gazprom does not sell gas in Russia, but directly in Germany.


          Did not know. I agree with insanity.
          Quote: Octopus
          You forget that the German greens are warmists, not ecologists.

          I have an idea that these are the losers from other states in order to steal the economy.
          From the point of view of the carbon footprint, the heat transfer of gas during combustion is much more efficient than coal. The one that disagrees with your last thesis.
          1. Octopus
            Octopus 12 January 2020 21: 07
            -2
            Quote: Simple
            From the point of view of the carbon footprint, the heat transfer of gas during combustion is much more efficient than coal.

            Yes, half of the heat comes from hydrogen. You are right, forgot about it.
            1. Simple
              Simple 12 January 2020 21: 11
              0
              https://www.bundestag.de/resource/blob/406432/70f77c4c170d9048d88dcc3071b7721c/wd-8-056-07-pdf-data.pdf
              So served in the information in the Bundestag.
    2. malyvalv
      malyvalv 13 January 2020 08: 16
      0
      Gazprom’s supply volumes are currently not limited by production or transit, but only by demand.

      And deliveries depend on prices. And prices depend on production and transit, that is, the volume of goods on the market. We returned to where we started.
      1. Octopus
        Octopus 13 January 2020 09: 36
        -2
        It looks like some kind of perpetual motion machine, but no.

        GP has both free extractive and free transit capacities. They just don’t take that much.
  6. Olddetractor
    Olddetractor 12 January 2020 06: 18
    +4
    Note that in order to create Germany’s energy difficulties, it is beneficial for the United States to interrupt Ukrainian gas transit, for which Zelensky’s regime must be destabilized

    What an unexpected ending
  7. parusnik
    parusnik 12 January 2020 09: 34
    +3
    Berlin remembers the post-war history, namely, that NATO and the EU were created not only to contain the USSR, but also to bind the hands of Germany. To prevent the revival and strengthening of Germany is Britain's long-standing policy
    ... What does the UK have to do with it? ... The EEC was created in 1957, and the United Kingdom became a member of this union in 1975. NATO was created in April 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany was adopted, here is an interesting date, May 9, 1955. And now it’s 14 The Warsaw Pact Organization was created in May 1955 .. And the relationship between the USA and the EEC-EU was far from simple during its existence ... Yes, and the UK joined the EEC, as the Soviet press wrote then, when it realized that it was losing its influence in Europe .. both political and economic ... The creation of the EEC-EU pursued a slightly different goal ...
  8. prior
    prior 12 January 2020 11: 32
    +3
    I looked on the google maps what remains on the lands where the Americans extract their shale oil and gas .....
    For the sake of it, it would be worthwhile to completely stop the supply of our natural resources to Europe.
    Let them disfigure their land.
    About ten years old and there is a lifeless desert without any hope of reclamation.
    Star-striped flag in their hands.
    1. dSK
      dSK 12 January 2020 21: 46
      +2
      Russia needs to process gas more for fertilizers, plastic, etc. Unfortunately, petrochemical specialists have a big deficit.
  9. Simple
    Simple 12 January 2020 23: 34
    0
    As US envoys argue, why getting gas from Russia is bad:

    1. malyvalv
      malyvalv 13 January 2020 08: 25
      0
      and the translation?
      I don’t know what they say in the video, but the main lever for US pressure on Germany is the trade deficit in trade. The Germans sell to the United States much more than the United States to Germany. The Americans had nothing to offer Europe. And then the gas turned up. The desire of the Americans to at least gasp Europeans to reduce the trade deficit is understandable. And the threat of Americans to Germany is quite tangible and real. Since Americans can reduce the deficit by covering Germany’s exports to the United States, the German economy will be bad regardless of whose gas it uses.
      The Germans simply get out as they can. For them, Russian gas is also cheaper, and export to the United States remains.
      1. Simple
        Simple 26 January 2020 13: 40
        0
        Quote: malyvalv
        The Germans simply get out as they can.


        In principle, this is the essay of the entire video.

        The Americans, in the matter of promoting their gas on the German market, act in their usual manner, impudently.

        The position of Germany — it will take both liquefied gas from the United States and pipe from Russia.
        When Trump was on a visit to Germany, he said so (video above from 1:25 sec.:)

        "Germany takes gas from Russia through the pipeline, and in the opposite direction
        pumps billions of dollars. How is this to be understood? How can Germany transfer such sums for pipeline gas? It is not right."

        laughing

        In addition to the United States and Russia, there are the Netherlands, Norway, and Qatar as suppliers of gas to Germany.
  10. 1959ain
    1959ain 13 January 2020 16: 51
    -1
    wassat Once, together with Prussia, we beat Uncle Napoleon and 1 and 2, and helped and supported each other. Even the Emperors were of the same blood, but as soon as Niki and Wiley appeared and destroyed 2 empires. Another fact is that the German diaspora in the USA is the largest, even more than the Irish or Jewish but stupid, not a fig does not help its ancestral home of Germany. The Germans take the example from Israel, Trump is your German, though his children are Jews. Press on your diaspora in the USA, otherwise Berlin will soon be recognized as an African or Turkish city.
  11. Sergey Smirnov_3
    Sergey Smirnov_3 13 January 2020 19: 52
    0
    Many thanks to the author for helping to answer a question that haunted me for many years.
    He understood that the Motherland was defeated in a grand battle. I understood that the consequences were stretched according to plan for a couple of generations of Soviet people.
    I understood that everything is mercilessly destroyed, and it will continue to be the same.
    But he did not understand for what purpose they were stretching, for what they were preparing.
    Now, as the veil removed ..
    - POTATO FIELD ..
    In place of the Soviet Union, a great technological country, a huge, potato field ...
  12. The comment was deleted.
  13. evgen1221
    evgen1221 14 January 2020 05: 10
    0
    A small remark - I have been observing such comments by commentators for a long time — German, Ukrainian, Jewish, Gabon and further on the list of the diaspora in the United States is very numerous and very strong and bends all. And the right one is selected for the specific topic of the article. Comrades, it’s enough to build myths already, otherwise it turns out funny, a lot of diasporas are powerful and powerful at the same time, and they seem to make decisions on your logic by playing a bottle today, Ukrainians today, then Jews later who else (well, if you say they are very numerous and very strong all and different then they should be at least equal in influence and strength, and then.