Military Review

Forcing the Neman. Brave seven


The grove under the mountain was burning

And the sunset burned with her.
We were left with only three
Of the eighteen guys ...

Hitlerites have already been driven from the Belarusian land. The soldiers of the 433th Infantry Regiment did not sleep for a day, chasing the enemy on the heels. And only when weary and exhausted, stopped at a halt. Yes, and if you want it or not, you will stop: there is a river ahead, you will not jump over. But only the soldiers pulled themselves to the shore, when the order arrived: to proceed to force the Neman.

The night on July 13 of 1944 was unusually warm and dark. But darkness and silence in war are deceiving. The platoon commander, Lieutenant Sukhin, was careful: he decided to send intelligence first. Upon receiving the order, Sergeant Kalinin selected four fighters and explained the task. We decided to swim across the river. It was already dawn. Fog rose from the water. They kept tight, so as not to lose sight of each other. Although the Neman is not wide at this place, only 70-80 meters, the current is strong, and the scouts are carried far away from the site of the proposed landing. The enemy was not found. We returned to our shore. Reported to the commander. The order is to begin the crossing.

About a third of the path was left behind when the silence was broken by shots. It became clear that the Germans did not find themselves precisely because they noticed intelligence. There is only one way out - faster under the protection of the coast, into the dead space. Loaded with clothes, an assault rifle, disks and grenades, and even under bullets, Stepan swam very slowly.

Seven reached the steep shore. Neshirok Neman, but exhausted, as if a good mile away had sailed. The soldiers clung to the hanging bushes, barely taking a breath. And right there, a hundred meters away, one after another, explosions were heard. It was the Germans who destroyed the paratroopers, who climbed onto the gentle coast, with heavy fire.

Stepan and the remaining fighters got out of the bushes, equipped their positions, and hid. There was no doubt that the Germans saw them. After all, the distance from the forest to the shore - some one hundred - one hundred and fifty meters. And the trenches of the Nazis pass along the edge of the forest. Apparently, they did not attach much importance to a handful of soldiers. Soon, the paratroopers noticed a revival in the camp of the enemy. About a company of enemy soldiers launched a counterattack against seven daredevils.

From a group of fascists, met by artillery fire because of the Neman and automatic fire seven courageous, survived no more than one third. Before the second attack, German mortar bombers fired long and methodically at a patch occupied by the Russians. Kalinin reasoned that there might not be enough ammunition, and sent three people to the place where his comrades died, on a gentle stretch of shore. Maybe besides who is alive. And if not, there were disks and grenades ...

There were no living ones. But the rounds and grenades brought a lot. This additional ammunition is very useful to the brave seven.

“Thank you guys for your help,” the sergeant mentally addressed those dead.

Eight day attacks! Yes, four at night. And they recaptured everything. By dawn of the next day it suddenly became quiet. Kalinin has already learned not to believe silence. So, the enemy is again preparing some trick. But which one? And suddenly, at some point, the sergeant felt: there was nothing ahead, nobody. And he did not feel it alone.

They shouted, even gave an automatic burst - quietly. They listened, puzzled, and soon realized - it was not for nothing that half an hour ago they seemed to them or actually heard the Russian "cheers" muffled by distance. Now it has become clear. Somewhere there was a major battle. And as a result of it - the imperceptible, under cover of night, retreat of the Nazis, who occupied a position in the forest.

Now that everything had cleared up, mortal fatigue fell on the soldiers. Two sleepless days affected and that enormous tension of physical forces and nerves in which all this time were. Boats with reinforcements sailed from their native coast. About an hour later, all seven, washed, fed, with a sense of accomplishment, slept in a good night's sleep. Only the next day, they caught up with their battalion and immediately went into battle. But Stepan was not lucky: he was then seriously injured.

Much later, already in the hospital, Stepan Nikitovich learned the details of the operation in which he participated. Their landing made a distracting maneuver, creating the appearance of a massive breakthrough, while the real crossing was in another place. Distracting the enemy and taking fire on himself, Kalinin and his comrades in arms helped the command mislead the enemy and disorganize their defenses. This feat was awarded the highest government award. All participants of that battle I.G. Sheremet, I.I. Osinny, A.P. Nichepurenko, M.S. Maidan, T.I. Solopenko, Z.S. Sukhin and S.N. Kalinin were presented to the ranks of Heroes of the Soviet Union.

Forcing the Neman. Brave seven

Kalinin Stepan Nikitovich

The future hero was born on November 25 1923 of the year in the village of Pokrovka, Abdulinsky district, Orenburg region. After finishing seven classes of the school he worked on a collective farm. In November 1941, Kalinin was called up for service in the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army. Since January 1942 of the year - on the fronts of World War II. In the summer of 1944, Sergeant Stepan Kalinin commanded the detachment of the 433th Infantry Regiment of the 64th Infantry Division of the 50th Army of the 2th Belarusian Front.

Stepan returned to his native village only in 1947. Although three wounds, but alive! On the chest are four orders, three battle medals and the Golden Star of the Hero. This meeting was joyful, though not without tears. Five brothers fought with the Nazis, two of them died, one returned disabled. The survivors had to revive the exhausted, wounded land ...

The 7 obelisk to the soldiers who crossed the Neman River on July 14 of July 1944, seized the bridgehead on the west bank of the river and repelled 12 counterattacks by the Nazis during the day

Materials used:,, “A Feat in the Name of the Motherland” (Kuibyshev, 1984).
Photos used:,

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  1. Phil77
    Phil77 9 December 2019 07: 02
    Sergey, thanks for the article! One episode of the great terrible war. Seven brave.
    1. bubalik
      9 December 2019 09: 29
      Phil77 (Sergey)

      hi Sergey, good day! And how many such episodes? That is why films are not made at these stages of the war, but they come up with something new. request
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 9 December 2019 22: 16
        Seryozha, thank you!
        That is why films are not made at these stages of the war, but they come up with something new. request

        Unfortunately, they need to knock out money for themselves, and that's why they shoot the devils. There are no people now who have come even close to "Dead or Alive".
        1. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 11 December 2019 17: 27
          There are no people now who have come even close to "Dead or Alive".

          but for some reason I remembered "The battalions are asking for fire" ... soldier oh .. i missed the article, missed ... recourse
          The author is Sergey, many thanks. It seems to me that you are doing a great job of restoring the memory of such simple "workers of war" - heroes ... soldier
          You have several "clusters" of information, "favorite skates" in which you are oriented and which you prefer. So - good luck, write about it, Pan kohanka! drinks
          1. krot
            krot 12 December 2019 12: 03
            And that's all of us! This is our story, and we do it!
        2. 3x3zsave
          3x3zsave 11 December 2019 21: 17
          Yes, Konstantin! And some of them live in the state of a potential adversary.
        3. Alien From
          Alien From 13 December 2019 00: 08
          "The Living and the Dead" is my favorite military trilogy, I can quote all the parts) It's a pity, but now young people only perceive everything in the format of a movie, you can't tell them that a book is always more interesting than an adaptation ...
      2. Vadim T.
        Vadim T. 10 December 2019 19: 23
        Sergey, thank you very much for the article. In the brave seven was my fellow countryman, Private Nechiporenko Alexei Petrovich. It was very interesting for me to find out the details of the battle for which he received the Hero Star. Below in the commentary I cited some data from his biography. I wonder how the fate of other participants in the landing?
        Best regards, Vadim.
      3. Alien From
        Alien From 13 December 2019 00: 01
        Thank you Bubalik! Write more! Interesting to read!
  2. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 9 December 2019 07: 04
    What to add? Then it was hard, bloody work - to beat the enemy!
  3. rocket757
    rocket757 9 December 2019 07: 13
    “Yes, there were people these days,
    Not that the present tribe:
    Heroes - not you!

    Why not us? Heroes who commit serious acts are in our, at any time! You need to know this, you need to feel it, so maybe .... many!
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 9 December 2019 08: 23
    Four years of that war is a feat ... Thank you ..
  5. Vadim T.
    Vadim T. 10 December 2019 18: 39
    Many thanks to the author for the publication. I want to add a little article. The fifth on the plaque is A.P. Nechipurenko. This is Alexei Petrovich Nechipurenko (another variant of the surname is Nichepurenko), born in 1912, a native of the village of Boldyrevka, Kupyansky district, Kharkov province. He fought at the front since May 1944. He served as an ordinary soldier in the 2nd battalion of the 433rd Infantry Regiment. As part of the unit, he participated in the liberation of Belarus. In a short time, he established himself as a brave fighter and a reliable comrade. Therefore, when he volunteered to participate in the landing through the Neman, he was without hesitation enlisted in the squad. Among the seven paratroopers, he managed to capture a small bridgehead on the bank occupied by the Germans and held it until reinforcements arrived. He died the death of the brave on Belarusian soil on October 3, 1944. For courage and heroism shown in the struggle against the Nazi invaders, he was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union (posthumous).
    Eternal memory to the Hero and to all who brought our Victory closer!
  6. Doliva63
    Doliva63 10 December 2019 18: 45
    I didn’t even read it to the end - the “intelligence” was absolutely unprofessional. They were obliged to go along a foreign shore to the place where they should conduct reconnaissance. Horror.
    1. Vadim T.
      Vadim T. 10 December 2019 19: 11
      In hindsight, we are all literate. Firstly, the Germans saw the scouts and therefore hid in order not to find themselves, because knew that there would be a forcing. rivers. It was an experienced and cunning enemy, and therefore it was very difficult to fight them. And secondly, the main task of the landing was to DIVINE attention from the landing site of the main forces. The fighters completed the task. So do not like this, without understanding, consider all fools.
      1. Doliva63
        Doliva63 10 December 2019 19: 40
        Quote: Vadim T.
        In hindsight, we are all literate. Firstly, the Germans saw the scouts and therefore hid in order not to find themselves, because knew that there would be a forcing. rivers. It was an experienced and cunning enemy, and therefore it was very difficult to fight them. And secondly, the main task of the landing was to DIVINE attention from the landing site of the main forces. The fighters completed the task. So do not like this, without understanding, consider all fools.

        You probably did not serve in intelligence. Especially in the battalion. It is useless to say anything. Do not like this, without the slightest idea of ​​military affairs, to give assessments.
        1. Vadim T.
          Vadim T. 10 December 2019 20: 09
          Valentine, the essence of most of your comments, including this one, is just to write something and make a note on the site. But you, of course, are convinced that your opinion is very valuable to others and the only true one. For this reason, arguing with you is really futile. However, I must disappoint: unlike you, I have a clear idea of ​​military affairs. So here, too, by.
          1. bubalik
            10 December 2019 20: 36
            Dear Vadim and Valentine hi I beg you, do not quarrel.

            The main message of this essay in the Reminder.
            Thousands of streets, avenues and side streets in different cities and towns of our country bear the names of the heroes of the Great Patriotic War. Among them there are illustrious generals, marshals, partisans, pilots, scouts - heroes, whose feat has become unique. But who they are, what heroic act they did is left out of the brackets, and time itself often erases the details. Generations are changing, life goes on indefatigably, and names on house plates become a familiar part of the city’s toponymy. Just the address where letters and newspapers will be brought, a taxi will come ... But who were these people? Where did they leave to fight and at what height did they lay down their heads?

            Valentin, as a former military man, noticed absurdities in the description of the battle, but as you noticed in the text about this very little. And the battle itself is the memories of the survivors.

            So according to the ZhBD 64 sd:
            13.07.1944/19/00 at 1:433 under heavy machine-gun fire 21bat / 00sp crossed the Neman River in the area of ​​the east of Lunn. At 2:433 on the same site, the Neman River crossed XNUMXbat / XNUMXsp.
            451sp by 20:00 concentrated in the forest 1km. southwest. Lavna. Attempts to force the Neman River at night, due to strong fire resistance, were unsuccessful. During the night, units crossing the south bank of the Neman River fought battles with the enemy to expand the bridgehead.
            14.07.1944/07/00 from 433:5 the enemy began to launch one after another counter-attacks against units 150sp. During the day in this section, the regiment repulsed 200 enemy counter-attacks with up to 81-4 infantry, supported by three self-propelled guns, one 105 / 75mm mini-battery, one XNUMX m / m artillery battery and a separate XNUMXm / m gun.

            ,,, most likely the group under the command of l-Sukhin was cut off from the main forces of its regiment and fought independently. yes
          2. bubalik
            10 December 2019 20: 52
            Vadim T. (Vadim)

            ,,, as I wrote below the details of the battle are the memories of the survivors, maybe slightly with enlarged ones.

            Ivan Ivanovich Osinny:
            ",,, crossed by boat to the other side, Osinny needed to establish contact with the battalion and keep in constant communication. And the Germans, having learned that only
            handful, attacked powerfully and assertively. But enemy tanks appeared and
            opened cannon fire. Then the commander decided to fire our
            batteries on themselves.
            One tank caught fire, the second was knocked out by a private Osenny with a grenade. And even
            seriously wounded, he continued to keep in touch with the mainland. So heroically
            while fighting, a handful of warriors fought off 12 enemy attacks and kept a small
            foothold before the arrival of reinforcements. On the approaches to the bridgehead counted
            after the battle over 150 killed Germans ,,, "

            After the war ended, Osinny was demobilized with the rank of sergeant. He lived and worked in Novosibirsk at the Sibmetallstroy plant, later as an assistant director of vocational schools No. 2. He died on October 25, 1979.
            1. bubalik
              10 December 2019 20: 59
              Sukhin Semyon Zakharovich:
              ““ It was ordered to rest for now, without needing to reveal themselves. And the soldiers, satisfied that the kitchen was not late this time, scraping the pots, were talking quietly. We discussed what our command would decide: cross the river on the move, like the Dnieper, or all they will wait for the sapper unit to guide the crossing.

              As usual, they found their own "strategists" with arguments for both tactics. But Sukhin, listening to the conversation of the fighters, understood: in their hearts, everyone hoped for the latter option. He promised at least a little, but a break. From Sukhin's reverie, he brought out the quiet shout of a soldier from the guard and the voice of a messenger: "Platoon commander - to the battalion commander!" Only this time, the platoon had to cross the Neman at dawn on improvised means, capture a bridgehead on the other side and try to hold it as long as possible. A platoon of Lieutenant Acorn was sent to support him. But here is the shore. Hastily bandaged. Sukhin counted the available forces. From his platoon, six remained and Lieutenant Acorn from the neighboring one, who knows how found himself without his platoon. A total of eight. Sparsely, but you can fight and complete the task. And dispersed, they at once swept out onto the slope overgrown with sedge. He covered the flank with Sheremet machine gun fire, the youngest of them ,,, "

              Since 1944, S.Z. Sukhinin has been in stock. After the war he returned home to Kyrgyzstan and was buried in 1971.
              ,, until May 9, only three of them will survive: Sergeant Kalinin, Junior Sergeant Osinny and Sukhin, who had by that time become senior lieutenant, company commander in the same battalion. hi
  7. Bredovich705
    Bredovich705 11 December 2019 07: 41
    Thank you for the article! Glory to our grandfathers, such articles should be printed in textbooks, so that they remember how the liberation came! Only here are 15 comments, this is not enough! They discuss some nonsense to a creak in the fingers, but for a simple thank you for the necessary publication, there is already not enough strength ...
  8. Pane Kohanku
    Pane Kohanku 11 December 2019 17: 41
    About the monuments. In Polotsk, there is a monument to the 23rd Guards, who in 1944 seized the bridgehead on the Western Dvina and held it. Only one survived from them ...

    here he is. By the way, somewhere in the background on the right, behind the Dvina, is the house of Zinaida Tusnolobova-Marchenko. I think no one needs to be reminded who it is. hi
    here is a description of the feat:
  9. 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 11 December 2019 21: 47
    My respect, Sergey! Good stuff!
    However, could you warn about the release of your articles?
    1. bubalik
      11 December 2019 22: 13
      Good day, Anton hi
      ,,,Well I do not know request somehow it happened, the more Sergey Yuferev publishes a series on the heroes of the tank crew on History, and on the same day, two articles with similar subjects were published what
      ,,something like that what
      1. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 11 December 2019 22: 34
        I know! There are many who publish what. Specifically, your work is part of my interests, and it is extremely disappointing to miss something through the fault of negligent resource workers who posted the material in the wrong section.