Military Review

8 June 1648 of the year Bogdan Khmelnitsky wrote a letter to Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich

40
June 8 is an important day in terms of the unity of Russia and Ukraine. It is on this day in 1648 that hetman Bogdan Khmelnitsky sends a letter to the Moscow Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, informing about the victories of the Zaporozhye Cossacks over the Polish army and that the Zaporozhskaya Sich and the lands under its control wish to join Russia.




The letter was sent from Cherkasy lands and is the most important historical a document to which a certain part of the current Ukrainian “establishment” shows an extremely unhealthy reaction.

Bogdan Khmelnitsky diplomatically calls Alexei Mikhailovich the most inconspicuous and most gracious pan, and the Zaporozhye Cossacks themselves "the lowest servants."

From the document on the decision of the Zemsky Sobor 1653 of the year (the text and spelling are adapted) in response to the letter of Bogdan Khmelnitsky:

Thoughtful people were sentenced to the great sovereign, tsar and grand duke Alexei Mikhailovich of All Russia deigned that hetman Bogdan Khmelnytsky and the whole Zaporizhia Army with their cities and lands to take under their state high hand for the Orthodox Christian faith and the holy churches of God.


The event, which in historiography is called the reunification of Ukraine with Russia, happened 365 years ago - in January 1654. After the reunification, the hetman received from the tsar of Moscow "the seal of the royal majesty of Little Russia (in the original - with one letter" c ") the Zaporozhian troops."

The terms "Ukraine" and "Ukrainians" were not contained either in the letter of Bohdan Khmelnytsky, nor in the response of the Zemsky Sobor, or in the decisions of Pereyaslavska Rada.
Photos used:
https://ru.depositphotos.com
40 comments
Ad

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site: https://t.me/topwar_official

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Teberii
    Teberii 8 June 2019 15: 39
    +5
    Rewriting the story is not difficult. But it usually leads to very serious consequences.
    1. Mountain shooter
      Mountain shooter 8 June 2019 16: 38
      +4
      It is difficult for them to explain to their "self-styled" what happened at that time ... A generation of everything has passed since the moment Lyakhov was driven out of Moscow ... And Russia has already become a formidable force against the Commonwealth, and all the Orthodox saw her as a defender!
      1. Lipchanin
        Lipchanin 8 June 2019 17: 21
        +11
        Quote: Mountain Shooter
        It is hard for them to explain to their "self-styled" what happened at that time ...

        When you tell them that they themselves came to us with a bow, the answer is one, like a carbon copy. "This is all propaganda, there is NO such document and NEVER was there"
        No explanations are heard.
        This is a grown generation with a completely reformatted memory. Not only that, and the older generation who studied in the USSR has already been reformatted for the most part.
        Here's what they wrote to me in Odnoklassniki on the same thread where they talked about Odessa
        Irina Abrosimova answered Sergey
        7-8 years ago, crowds were resettled to Odessa from Western Ukraine. Whole faculties accepted students from there. The professors were brought in, filming the locals. Unfortunately, there are a lot of "come in large numbers" there. Someone very long ago calculated that Odessa should be diluted with inadequacies.

        Here from zapadenschiny infection and went. And she went not 7-8 years ago, but at least 30
        1. Minato2020
          Minato2020 8 June 2019 18: 34
          +4
          Lipchanin (Sergey)
          When you tell them that they themselves came to us with a bow,
          the answer is one, like a carbon copy.
          "This is all propaganda, there is NO such document and NEVER was there"
          No explanations are heard.


          If you don’t want to listen to anything in Russian, show them in Ukrainian
          (published on Yu-tube January 28, 2014)
          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZPc4IOPxHaE
          1. Lipchanin
            Lipchanin 8 June 2019 18: 55
            +2
            Quote: Minato2020
            If you don’t want to listen to anything in Russian, show them in Ukrainian

            Yes, already tired of saying something. it's like a wall of peas
            1. Minato2020
              Minato2020 8 June 2019 18: 58
              +4
              Quote: Lipchanin

              Yes, already tired of saying something. It's like a wall of peas


              All the same, it is necessary to say and show, a drop of water sharpening a stone
              1. Lipchanin
                Lipchanin 8 June 2019 19: 05
                +2
                Quote: Minato2020
                All the same, it is necessary to say and show, a drop of water sharpening a stone

                this generation is lost.
                from the word forever.
                and I don’t want to. let them "moyahataskrayu" who brought them to power all this to them Russian tells and proves. these are their offspring
                but you don’t have to prove it like that
            2. skif8013
              skif8013 9 June 2019 00: 12
              +1
              Quote: Lipchanin
              Quote: Minato2020
              If you don’t want to listen to anything in Russian, show them in Ukrainian

              Yes, already tired of saying something. it's like a wall of peas

              You need to head against the wall, maybe then they will understand. I have a grandfather from the Donbass and I often creep in the thought of how good it is that he did not live and does not see what was done to his native land. Not for this, he fought.
        2. ltc35
          ltc35 8 June 2019 19: 34
          +3
          He lived there in 90-92. I have never heard a Ukrainian language movement. Only on TV at the first republican. The people in Odessa and the region communicated only in Russian, no one understood Ukrainian at all.
          1. Lipchanin
            Lipchanin 8 June 2019 19: 43
            +2
            Quote: ltc35
            The people in Odessa and the region communicated only in Russian, no one understood Ukrainian at all.

            He was a Russian city. Like Kharkov and Nikolaev and many many others.
            As I heard, in Kiev itself it was considered bad form to speak mov
            1. ltc35
              ltc35 8 June 2019 20: 47
              +3
              Heh, and then I visited Kiev several times, and they basically spoke to me on a mov. And since I understood everything perfectly, that was not a problem for me. Perceived it as a shtetl shabby. Then the Ukrainians themselves from different regions often did not understand each other.
              1. Lipchanin
                Lipchanin 8 June 2019 20: 52
                +3
                Quote: ltc35
                Heh, and then I visited Kiev several times, and they basically spoke to me on a mov.

                Now I contacted a childhood friend, he was still a schoolboy in Kiev on a tour trip. It was, either in 1960, or 61.
                So he says that in general MOV not heard
                1. ltc35
                  ltc35 8 June 2019 20: 56
                  0
                  So it was. Then, just Bandera began to climb out through the RUH and Chernovil.
                  1. Lipchanin
                    Lipchanin 8 June 2019 21: 00
                    +4
                    Quote: ltc35
                    Then, just Bandera began to climb out through the RUH and Chernovil.

                    Well, in those years I didn’t hear about them at all. There was the USSR and some kind of ghostly borders. There was one Russian language which the whole country spoke to varying degrees of literacy.
                    And in a terrible nightmare, no one could imagine that it could be destroyed
          2. Xnumx vis
            Xnumx vis 8 June 2019 20: 55
            +4
            Quote: ltc35
            He lived there in 90-92. I have never heard a Ukrainian language movement. Only on TV at the first republican. The people in Odessa and the region communicated only in Russian, no one understood Ukrainian at all.

            At that time, in Ukraine only Svidomo fledged .. Tried their strength stealthily .. They went to power still not believing in their chance ... They didn’t miss a chance ... There is no one more Bohdan Khmelnitsky in Ukraine ... A warrior and a politician!
  2. demo
    demo 8 June 2019 15: 43
    +3
    The letter was sent from the Cherkassy lands and is the most important historical document to which a very unhealthy reaction is manifested in a certain part of the current Ukrainian “establishment”.

    An unhealthy reaction usually relates to healthy people.
    And if people are unhealthy?
    What is their reaction form?
    1. nils
      nils 8 June 2019 16: 07
      +14
      Quote: demo
      And if people are unhealthy?
      What is their reaction form?

      "No, brothers, to love like the Russian soul - to love not only with the mind or with something else, but with everything that God has given, whatever is in you, but ... No, no one can love that way!" Said Taras and waved his hand ... I know vilely wound up now on our land: they only think that they should have bread stacks with them, ricks and their horse herds, so that their sealed honey should be intact in the cellars. Adopt the devil knows what kind of Busuman customs; abhor their tongue; he doesn’t want to speak with his own; he sells his own, as they sell the soulless in the trading market. The mercy of another king, and not the king, but the meager mercy of the Polish magnate, who with his yellow forelock hits them in the face, is more dear to them than any brotherhood. But the last bastard, whatever he may be, even though he fell all out in soot and worship, has that, brothers, a grain of Russian feeling. And someday it will wake up, and it will hit, miserable, on the floors with his hands, grab itself by the head, cursing its vile life loudly, ready to atone for the shame with torment. Let them all know what partnership means in the Russian land! Well, for that matter, to die - so none of them will ever die like that! .. Nobody, nobody! .. They don’t have enough of their mouse nature!"
      N.V. Gogol. Taras Bulba.
      1. demo
        demo 8 June 2019 16: 29
        +5
        Gogol is the Master.
        But I wonder how he would describe today? What colors? What words?
        Or would his heart be broken from a vision of this situation?
        And what would Bohdan Khmelnitsky himself say about this?
        Guess?
        I would say so - to eradicate this evil to the eighth knee.
        And would do.
        So the immortal is recalled:
        - Yes, there were people in our time, Not like the current tribe: Heroes - not you!
        1. nils
          nils 8 June 2019 17: 06
          +5
          Quote: demo
          But I wonder how he would describe today? What colors? What words?

          "Then the influence of the West was already beginning to appear on the Russian nobility. Many adopted other customs, started up luxury, magnificent servants, falcons, hunters, dinners, courtyards. ......"

          "The power of clever opinions was nothing before the disorder and impudent will of the state magnates, who, with their thoughtlessness, their incomprehensible lack of any foresight, and insignificant pride, turned the Diet into a satire of government."

          "- So sell? Sell faith? Sell your own?"
          - Stop and don't move! I gave birth to you, and I will kill you! "
          N.V. Gogol.
        2. Vladimir61
          Vladimir61 8 June 2019 17: 32
          0
          Quote: demo
          And what would Bohdan Khmelnitsky himself say about this?

          Mikhail Staritsky's trilogy "Bohdan Khmelnitsky" (1895-1897) contains the following words - "I gave birth to you, I will kill you." This he speaks of a son, a traitor. So, it would be difficult for him to clean up the scum accumulated in Ukraine, they are there now, like cockroaches.
          1. Vladimir61
            Vladimir61 8 June 2019 17: 53
            +2
            I completely forgot the school curriculum! This is from Taras Bulba (Gogol), but at the present stage it does not change the essence for the solution of the "resurrected" B. Khmelnitsky.
  3. Valery Valery
    Valery Valery 8 June 2019 15: 46
    +5
    Day - when Yarosh and Semenchenko cry !!
  4. The comment was deleted.
  5. Andrey Chistyakov
    Andrey Chistyakov 8 June 2019 15: 55
    +1
    Do the "neighbors" themselves treat the monument to Khmelnitsky in Kiev?
    Not going to demolish a letter to the king?
    1. Phil77
      Phil77 8 June 2019 16: 08
      +4
      Quote: Andrey Chistyakov
      Do the "neighbors" themselves treat the monument to Khmelnitsky in Kiev?
      Not going to demolish a letter to the king?

      Probably their knowledge of history does not reach the 17th century. Well, does the uncle on a horse look like a hetman? Looks like it means ours! So they think about it, but who knows they are thoughtfully silent.
    2. Tuzik
      Tuzik 8 June 2019 16: 29
      +2
      Quote: Andrey Chistyakov
      Do the "neighbors" themselves treat the monument to Khmelnitsky in Kiev?
      Not going to demolish a letter to the king?

      The one who touches him is not a commie or even a Muscovite. He acted logically, at that time every Pole wanted to get a gilyak.
    3. Lipchanin
      Lipchanin 8 June 2019 17: 23
      +2
      Quote: Andrey Chistyakov
      Not going to demolish a letter to the king?

      And they have enough mind.
      Institute of "memory" will cough and there will be no monument
      1. siemens7774
        siemens7774 8 June 2019 22: 06
        -1
        The institute of memory has nothing to do with it, the curator from overseas will say that it will be so
        1. Phil77
          Phil77 9 June 2019 06: 18
          +2
          Quote: siemens7774
          The institute of memory has nothing to do with it, the curator from overseas will say that it will be so

          Do not tell! In matters of demolition of monuments and dancing on the graves, they show amazing independence.
          1. siemens7774
            siemens7774 9 June 2019 09: 34
            0
            Excuse me, Fil77, but you just don’t know the scheme by which they work. For each such action, they receive money from the curator and there they decide how to squeeze out Russian business and banks from the territory. As well as all sorts of monuments and street names. don't decide and just make money.
  6. Thrifty
    Thrifty 8 June 2019 16: 24
    +1
    Now in Kiev they will make a decision that Bagdan Khmelnitsky was an "agent of the Kremlin", and, acting at the instigation of the Russian authorities, only the US was not at hand then crying
    1. Anatole Klim
      Anatole Klim 8 June 2019 16: 31
      +5
      Quote: Thrifty
      Bagdan Khmelnitsky was an "agent of the Kremlin"

      Earlier on the monument to Bogdan Khmelnitsky there were inscriptions on the pedestal:
      "We will let us under the king of the East, Orthodox" and "Bogdan Khmelnitsky, one indivisible Russia." But in 1919 and 1924 they were replaced by “Bohdan Khmelnitsky. 1888 ".
      And now, even near the monument, such a board is installed, pah on it ...
    2. Lipchanin
      Lipchanin 8 June 2019 17: 28
      +2
      Quote: Thrifty
      Now in Kiev they will make a decision that Bagdan Khmelnitsky was an "agent of the Kremlin", and, acting at the instigation of the Russian authorities, only the US was not at hand then

      Or maybe another option.
      "He went over to the side of" Muscovites to shit on them "
      An example of Farion and other party functionaries of no small rank on the face.
      Yes, what can I say, if one of their former "guarantors" is proud that he wore the Bandera zhrachka
    3. siemens7774
      siemens7774 9 June 2019 09: 35
      0
      Thrifty, there was no flush. But there was Poland and the Crimean Tatars. Who with great success slaughtered the Zaporozhye Cossacks
  7. Fayter
    Fayter 8 June 2019 16: 29
    +2
    But the Polish pans with the Ukrainian revolt really broke, if they were tolerant of the Orthodox faith and having moderated their ambition, there could have been power from mozh to mozh, but I am proud of my ancestors who broke off L.Ya. . And the hetmans, Glory to Khmelnitsky who thought of asking for help from the Russian tsar, and the rest were still pros.tituts.
  8. Barmaleyka
    Barmaleyka 8 June 2019 17: 25
    +4
    for the sake of truth he was still a swindler
  9. iouris
    iouris 8 June 2019 17: 27
    +1
    The Orthodox Russian population of Polish Ukraine wished acceptance into the Moscow kingdom along with the lands. Thus, this Polish Ukraine is the Moscow Region, and the governor of the Moscow Region is underdeveloped. By the way, what's his last name?
  10. Lipchanin
    Lipchanin 8 June 2019 17: 31
    +5
    And now they have such a story and such a memory lol
  11. 3vs
    3vs 8 June 2019 19: 42
    0
    The monument has not yet been demolished?
  12. Antares
    Antares 8 June 2019 20: 45
    0
    Quote: Fayter
    But Polish pans with the Ukrainian revolt really broke, if they were tolerant of the Orthodox faith and having moderated their ambition, there could be a power from mozh to mozh

    RP had a sunset, strengthened by weak centralized power. But Bathory did not succeed, Khmel got that period of greatest weakness after Bathory. Yes, and inter-kingdom.
    In general, the Liberation War greatly undermined the RP and strengthened its rival MC. That's not so much and helping with weapons and money can be won by weakening the main competitor. Yes, after that there was a war - but there was no RP anymore.
    Strategically, the MC won the fight before the fight.
    Well, Hop was quite successful and educated for its time and place. Indeed, in his submission there were those who did not really like submission. And the enemy was strong.
  13. APASUS
    APASUS 8 June 2019 23: 00
    0
    I think that Ukraine will also get to it. The fate of the monuments will be tough, and Khmelnitsky will most likely be renamed Zadropechensk again