Military Review

December 3 - Day of the Unknown Soldier

29
Every year (since 2014) in the Russian Federation is a memorial date dedicated to the memory of all those soldiers who did not return from the front, and the dust of which continues to remain nameless. We are talking about such a memorial date as the Day of the Unknown Soldier - December 3.


This day was not chosen by chance. It was 3 on December 1966 of the year that the ashes of the Unknown Soldier, who had previously been buried in a mass grave near the entrance to Zelenograd, were buried in the Alexander Garden near the Kremlin wall. In turn, that event (reburial) was timed to the 25 anniversary of the defeat of the Nazi invaders in the battles near Moscow. This rout went into history as the first major defeat of the Nazi troops in the Second World War, and became a signal to those who in Berlin still continued to believe the "blitzkrieg".

About how the burial of the Red Army was discovered in Zelenograd.

In the fall of 1963, students from one of the local schools discovered a dip in the forest. Behind the settled edges of the earth human remains were visible. The schoolchildren decided to take several bones and skulls from a spontaneous grave in order to show them to their biology teacher. Subsequently, the children were informed about the discovery by the school’s director, Yuri Vorobyov, who was himself a front-line soldier. Further, an official investigation began, in which employees of the military registration and enlistment office of the Leningrad district of Moscow took part. In the course of the burial study, 11 bodies of the Red Army were discovered.

After the implementation of the necessary procedures, it was decided to reburial the remains of the soldiers who died in the battles near Moscow. The coffins with the ashes of the defenders of the capital were exhibited in the same school, whose students found the remains of the dead. This event caused a wide public response, and thousands of local residents came to the farewell ceremony for the fighters killed in 1941.

The dead unknown soldiers were buried on the 40-m km of the Leningrad highway. And in that very 1966, the dust of one of the buried Red Army soldiers was decided to be reburied near the Kremlin wall, where the Eternal Flame was subsequently lit (in May 1967). The dust was placed in a special titanium coffin, which was made at the Zelenograd machine-building plant "Elyon". The coffin was twisted with a ribbon, which today is called St. George, and then it was associated with the ribbon of the soldier’s order of Glory.

December 3 - Day of the Unknown Soldier


December 8 1997 was established in the Alexander Garden post number XXUMX.

This post keeps the memory of all those soldiers who laid down their heads for the Fatherland, and whose names, unfortunately, could not be established. Speaking of the Unknown Soldier, whose ashes rest in the Alexander Garden, historians suggest that the remains may belong to one of the fighters of the 354 th rifle division. It was near the village of Kryukovo that the Red Army soldiers of this division, which was formed near Penza, accepted their first battle.

The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier has become a place of worship for millions of people, including those who still do not know anything about the resting place of their relatives who fell during the Great Patriotic War. The grave of the Unknown Soldier and the burning Eternal Flame are also the memory of a great war that has touched almost every family living in Russia and throughout the post-Soviet space.
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  1. svp67
    svp67 3 December 2018 08: 34
    +10
    December 3 - Day of the Unknown Soldier

    THANK. We have not forgotten, we REMEMBER you.
    1. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 3 December 2018 08: 38
      +10
      SONG ABOUT RUSSIA

      Remember, Russia
      How it all was:
      How half life went
      You have to fight
      How are your songs
      Halfway around the world
      Half a century flew by
      On your rails.

      And a hundred thousand hopes
      And the burning ruins
      And a hundred thousand fireworks,
      And a groan of wires
      And fierce tenderness
      Your battalions
      Fit in yours
      Fifty years.

      At your borders
      Blazing fires.
      Every year is like a temple
      Surviving the fire.
      Every year - as a boundary
      Between new and old.
      Every year like a child
      Hurrying to me.

      On the edge of town
      Where are the new homes,
      In the cold wind
      I'll open my finger
      So that flying to the stars
      Moscow triples
      I'm freezing dust
      Dropped in the face.

      Winter is just there -
      After all, summer has come out!
      And forever saying goodbye
      With old longing
      The shell breaks
      Old woman planet -
      Young comes out
      From the foam of the sea.

      I love and laugh
      Nothing to regret.
      I fought and lived
      How could - according to a dream.
      I'm sorry if it's better
      I can’t sing.
      I’m in, Russia,
      To your beauty!
      1. AUL
        AUL 3 December 2018 08: 44
        +8
        Eternal memory to the heroes who gave their lives for their homeland!
        1. A good one
          A good one 3 December 2018 08: 53
          +10
          Nobody is forgotten, nothing is forgotten. soldier
  2. cniza
    cniza 3 December 2018 08: 40
    +8
    The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier has become a place of worship for millions of people, including those who still do not know anything about the resting place of their relatives who fell during the Great Patriotic War.


    This is so, you can come and bow, our children and grandchildren will remember while the fire is burning there - the eternal flame.
  3. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 3 December 2018 08: 41
    +7
    Thank. Did not know about this date. Eternal memory to all the restless. They and TAM are fighting evil ...
  4. Was mammoth
    Was mammoth 3 December 2018 08: 52
    +10
    On December 6, 1941, one of my uncles died near the village of Kryukovo. Panfilovets. Father, visiting these places in the 70s, already saw another native name at the mass grave. Before that, for us he was “missing”. Two lie in the same grave.
    PS"MOSCOW, December 2 - RIA Novosti. The Russian Military Historical Society found in the archives a file confirming that the battle with the participation of 28 Panfilovites really took place," said the Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation Vladimir Medinsky in the author's column in the "Rossiyskaya Gazeta". "
    RIA Novosti https://ria.ru/culture/20181202/1538158215.html
  5. Same lech
    Same lech 3 December 2018 08: 54
    +9
    Of the 20000 thousand border guards in the western border posts in the early days of the Second World War, 16000 were killed ... several thousand people died in the Brest Fortress besides the military, and civilians ... women, children, old people ... no one counted them at all.
    Therefore, on June 22, 1941, and indeed the entire Second World War is of utmost importance to me for understanding what war is.
    A lot of photos are walking on the Internet with excavations of the remains of the dead. Very sad photos ... after all, thousands and thousands of our ancestors of the dead in the name of us living.
    1. Tarhan
      Tarhan 3 December 2018 09: 20
      +1
      A lot of photos are walking on the Internet with excavations of the remains of the dead. Very sad photos ... after all, thousands and thousands of our ancestors of the dead in the name of us living.

      The saddest thing is that such search groups for detecting the remains of soldiers killed in World War II are available only in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus. There are no such groups in the west. Since there, after the war, everyone was removed from the earth and buried.
      1. Roma 1977
        Roma 1977 3 December 2018 09: 28
        +2
        From time to time, and there they find the remains of their missing soldiers. War is a big mess.
      2. igorbrsv
        igorbrsv 3 December 2018 09: 57
        +3
        And yet missing are on all sides. Where they are buried is unknown. Therefore, there is the Day of the Unknown Soldier
      3. Nyrobsky
        Nyrobsky 4 December 2018 00: 22
        0
        Quote: Tarkhan
        Since there, after the war, everyone was removed from the earth and buried.

        This is not so, even on the assumption that even today in France and Germany they still dig up the battlefields of the First World War and bury the remains of those who died more than 100 years ago. As for those who died on the territory of Russia in World War II, there is generally no end for them, not only for those who died, but also for those who died in captivity and did not live to be released. There are more than one hundred graves of prisoners of war in the North. In the 90s there was a wave of transfer of Italy and Germany archive cards of those who were serving their term in the North and rested in the Bose, fulfilling their sins and war crimes.
    2. Was mammoth
      Was mammoth 3 December 2018 10: 22
      +5
      Quote: The same LYOKHA
      Therefore, on June 22, 1941, and indeed the entire Second World War is of utmost importance to me for understanding what war is.

      On my father’s side, four have died. All in the first year of the war. They lie near Moscow, Leningrad and Rostov. Father fought from the first to the last day. Was injured. With my mother, everyone returned, only the younger invalid. And my father-in-law returned with an invalid, but reached Berlin.
      Sometimes I think how many relatives I would have if it had not been for the war.
      [media = https: //www.youtube.com/watch? v = CETrMrmsF8s]
  6. Qwertyarion
    Qwertyarion 3 December 2018 09: 05
    +5
    Everlasting memory! We remember!
    My great-grandfather died in Karelia, in the fall of 1941, the burial place is not known.
    1. igorbrsv
      igorbrsv 3 December 2018 09: 58
      +6
      They found mine last year. 1941
  7. irazum
    irazum 3 December 2018 09: 06
    +5
    Everlasting memory!
  8. Tarhan
    Tarhan 3 December 2018 09: 13
    +3
    A bit of history.

    The first two memorials to the Unknown Soldier were erected in London and Paris in 1920.

    "The Unknown Warrior is the world's first memorial to the Unknown Soldier. London.

    The grave contains the ashes of an unidentified British soldier killed in a European theater of war during the First World War. He was buried on November 11, 1920 in London at Westminster Abbey.
    Simultaneously with the burial of an unknown French soldier under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. These two graves were the first to perpetuate the honor of those who fell in World War I. "

    And they created a tradition of perpetuating dead unknown soldiers around the world.
  9. Moore
    Moore 3 December 2018 09: 16
    +4
    ... where subsequently (in May 1967) the Eternal Flame was lit

    I personally lit it, Brezhnev, taking the torch from the hands of A. Maresyev. Not without overlays it turned out, but it has been burning for 51 years ...
  10. BAI
    BAI 3 December 2018 09: 18
    +1
    December 8 1997 was established in the Alexander Garden post number XXUMX.

    Where does the information come from?
    Sort of:
    Since December 12, 1997, in accordance with the Decree of the President of Russia, post No. 1 of the guard of honor was transferred from the Lenin Mausoleum to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
  11. asar
    asar 3 December 2018 10: 20
    +1
    Everlasting memory!
  12. Krasnodar
    Krasnodar 3 December 2018 10: 21
    +3
    Grandfather’s brother went missing near Stalingrad in 42nd.
  13. Nyrobsky
    Nyrobsky 3 December 2018 11: 01
    +5
    Somewhere on the battlefields, and my grandfather Sokolov Modest Mikhailovich is resting. He was called up in 1942 in Uzbekistan where he worked as the head of a meteorological station. He disappeared in 1943 during the liberation of the city of Smolensk, where he came from. Land him rest in peace.
  14. igorka357
    igorka357 3 December 2018 11: 36
    +6
    My grandfather, from the very beginning to Berlin, was wounded three times, changed his car three times, was seriously injured during the assault on Berlin, didn’t indulge his leg at all .. Three of his brothers died, two are still not found! Eternal memory to all who fought, and head folded!
  15. 23424636
    23424636 3 December 2018 11: 46
    -6
    From time immemorial, the Russians lit up the places of death of the soldiers with a cross and a church both on Kulikovo or Borodino. And in places of unknown burials they simply put up a wooden cross or a chapel. The worship of fire and star is pure paganism and imitation of Western traditions alien to the Russian people.
  16. Conductor
    Conductor 3 December 2018 17: 07
    +3
    Great-grandfather and great-grandmother in 1941 somewhere near Lviv disappeared. She is a doctor, he is a policeman. in 80 years, my grandfather tried to find at least some sort of information. No. Eternal memory to nameless warriors.
  17. yasvet
    yasvet 3 December 2018 19: 05
    +3
    uncle, 19 years old, volunteer, Leningrad militia, went missing October 41st.
  18. noct
    noct 3 December 2018 19: 52
    +2
    That's the trouble. Someone has not returned to all of us. Someone is missing. And the West has already written off this war. They do not care what was there and who died. The memory is short. And there wasn’t that much there. For them, this is another war. Sense to remember which they do not see
  19. Galleon
    Galleon 4 December 2018 10: 38
    +1
    I am killed under Rzhev,
    In an unnamed swamp,
    In the fifth company,
    On the left,
    With a cruel raid.

    I did not hear a break
    And did not see that flash, -
    Exactly in the abyss from the cliff -
    And neither the bottom nor the tire.

    And in this whole world
    Until the end of his days -
    No buttonhole,
    Not a sign
    From my tunic.

    I - where the roots are blind
    They look for food in the darkness;
    I am where with a cloud of dust

    Rye goes on a hill.

    I'm where the cock crowing
    At dawn the dew;
    I'm where your cars are
    The air is torn on the highway.

    Where is the blade of grass to the blade of grass -
    A river of grass spins,
    There, where at the wake
    Even the mother will not come ...

    A. Twardowski
  20. Galleon
    Galleon 4 December 2018 10: 50
    +1
    More from Twardowski. Hooked.
    I know no fault of mine
    The fact that others did not come from the war,
    That they - who are older, who are younger -
    Stayed there, and not about the same speech,
    That I could save them, but failed to save, -
    It's not about that, but nevertheless, nevertheless, nevertheless ...