Military Review

The market in besieged Leningrad: evidence of survivors. Part of 2

49
The fair indignation of the people of Leningrad was caused primarily by those who frankly profited from the tragedy of the city.


“How disgusting are these well-fed, lush-white“ talons ”who carve out card coupons from starving people in canteens and shops and steal bread and food from them. This is done simply: “by mistake” they cut out more than they should, and a hungry person discovers it only at home, when it is impossible to prove anything to anyone, ”says blockbuster AG Berman in September 1942 of his impressions of injustice.

“In the queue, at the counter, they all follow the bread and the arrow with greedy eyes so that they do not hang out. And they often quarrel, and swear in plaintive thin voices with saleswomen who rudely answer them, and, well fed, despise this hungry, greedy and helpless crowd. ”


The prices that were inflated on the black grocery market are simply amazing: in April, 1942 of the year a kilogram of butter can reach the price of the speculators in 1800 rubles! In the diaries, blockaders record a special aversion to the fact that such products are obviously stolen. The scale of theft, according to eyewitnesses, exceeds all reasonable limits and elementary humanity. Here is what A. A. Belov from Leningrad writes:

“Who you do not talk to, you hear from everyone that the last piece of bread cannot be fully received. They steal from children, from cripples, from patients, from workers, from residents. Those who work in the canteen, in stores, or at the bakery, today are a kind of bourgeois. Not only is she herself full, she also buys clothes and clothes. Now the chef's cap has the same magical effect as the crown during tsarist time. ”


The market in besieged Leningrad: evidence of survivors. Part of 2

Perhaps one of the most resonant pictures of the period of the blockade of Leningrad.

In Leningrad there was such a phenomenon as canteens of reinforced food. Particularly contrasted with the surrounding gloomy and painful reality of the workers of such institutions. The artist I. A. Vladimirov writes about this:
“Neat and cleanly dressed waitresses promptly carry trays of food and glasses of chocolate or tea. The order is monitored by the "administrators." This is living and very convincing evidence of the health benefits that a person receives from “enhanced nutrition” in the “kitchen factory”.


In fact, all the waitresses and, of course, most of all the “bosses”, serve as examples of a happy, full life in our hungry times. Faces are ruddy, cheeks, lips are poured, and oily eyes and the fullness of the shapes of well-fed figures show very convincingly that these employees do not lose their kilograms of body weight, and gain weight significantly.

“This is where donors need to be searched,” the military doctor, who was sitting next to the table, told me. I, of course, felt that not a single angry, rounded waitress would give a drop of her blood, but said nothing and only remarked: “It is unlikely that this will succeed.” A few days later, at dinner, I again met with the doctor and asked about the donation.
- You will not believe how many abusive answers I have heard enough. Without embarrassment, they covered me with the most disgusting areal expressions like: “Oh, you, so-and-so! Want to take money for our blood! No, do not need your money! I will not give up my acquired blood! ”


Orientalist A. N. Boldyrev wrote in the late autumn of 1943:
“I was at the same officer fleet meeting. Again the lecture did not take place due to the complete absence of listeners, they again fed me with a small but delicious cold dinner. Again I was amazed at the warmth, the abundance of light, and the strange lack of humanity at the saturation of the serving people (a lot of the fattest overdressed girls). ”


It is noteworthy that the NKVD Directorate of Leningrad and the region closely monitored the moods of the townspeople regarding the numerous speculators. So, in their summaries by the end of 1942, they mentioned the increasing frequency of dissatisfied statements about the work of canteens and shops, from which food was dragged to the black market. Rumors of mass speculation and the exchange of stolen goods for valuables began to circulate more and more often. IN historical sources contain excerpts from letters, many of which were sent to the law enforcement agencies of Leningrad: “We are entitled to a good ration, but the fact is that they steal a lot in the cafeteria” or “There are people who have not felt hunger and are now raging with fat. Look at the saleswoman of any store, she has a gold watch on her wrist. On another bracelet, gold rings. Every cook who works in the canteen now has gold. "










Speculators and confiscated values ​​that were obtained for the products.

On average, in the autumn of 1942, for ten days, the NKVD organs fixed approximately 1 messages on 70 residents of the city - discontent among the masses grew. At the same time, the leadership of the NKVD informed the leadership of the Soviet Union that “the main contingent of those arrested for speculation and theft of socialist property are employees of trade and supply organizations (distribution network, warehouses, bases, canteens). The main object of theft and speculation are food and other normalized scarce goods. ”

The market relations of the besieged city created a special "seller-buyer" relationship. Women as the most important source of stolen products demanded in exchange for food related goods. Wife of Dmitry Sergeyevich Likhachev recalls:

"AT. L. Komarovich advised to change primarily women's things. I went to the Nourishing Market, where there was a flea market. Took her dress. I changed the blue crepe de chine one kilogram of bread. It was bad, but the gray dress was traded for a pound of 200 grams of duranda. It was better. ”


Dmitry Likhachev himself writes:
"Komarovich said:" Jura finally realized what the situation was: she allowed to trade her model shoes.


Jura is his daughter, she studied at the Theater Institute. Fashionable women's things - the only thing that could be exchanged: the products were only from the waiters, saleswomen, cooks.

Over time, speculators have learned that you can visit apartments in Leningraders in the hope of a profitable exchange. Many blockaders could no longer go out and received meager food from close relatives, who in the canteens were shopping for dependency cards. And those who could walk had already managed to exchange everything of value for crumbs of food.

The literary critic D. Moldavsky recalls:
“Once a certain speculator appeared in our apartment - rosy-cheeked, with gorgeous wide-set blue eyes. He took some maternal things and gave four glasses of flour, a pound of dry kissel, and something else. I met him already descending from the stairs. For some reason I remembered his face. I remember well his sleek cheeks and bright eyes. This was probably the only person I wanted to kill. And I regret that I was too weak to do this ... "


Dmitry Sergeevich Likhachev in his memoirs writes:
“I remember how two speculators came to us. I lay children too. The room was dark. It was illuminated with electric batteries with light bulbs from a flashlight. The two young men entered and quickly asked for a patter: “Baccarat, are there any cameras?” They asked something else. In the end, they bought something from us. It was in February or March. They were scary like grave worms. We still moved in our dark crypt, and they were ready to eat us. ”



Children became one of the first victims of theft and speculation in besieged Leningrad.

The system of theft and speculation in the terrible conditions of the blockade worked flawlessly and did not accept people with remnants of conscience. The case from which the blood runs cold is described by the artist N. V. Lazarev:
“Milk appeared in the children's hospital - a very necessary product for babies. In the dispenser, according to which the sister receives food for the sick, the weight of all dishes and products is indicated. Milk relied on a serving of 75 grams, but each was underfilled with grams on 30. It angered me, and I have repeatedly stated this. Soon, the barmaid told me: "Talk again - and fly out!" And indeed, I flew out into unskilled laborers, in that time - labor soldiers. "


The most base human vices, including the lack of pity for children, manifested themselves in all their gloomy glory in the horrors of besieged Leningrad.

Based on:
Weekday feat.
Lazareva N.V. Blockade.
Likhachev D. S. Memoirs.
Children and blockade. Memories, fragments of diaries, eyewitness accounts, documentary materials.
Pyankievich V. L. “Some die of hunger, others are cashing in, robbing the last crumbs of the first”: participants of the market trade in besieged Leningrad // Works of the Faculty of History of St. Petersburg University, 2012.


To be continued ...
Author:
Photos used:
iz.ru, mywebs.su
Articles from this series:
The market in besieged Leningrad: evidence of survivors. Part of 1
49 comments
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  1. Tochilka
    Tochilka 14 November 2018 06: 48
    +23
    I really hope that in the continuation of the cycle it will be covered how speculators were judged and how they were put against the wall ...
    1. Alex013
      Alex013 14 November 2018 21: 56
      -7
      Who judged-the NKVD, they traded rations))
    2. Sasha75
      Sasha75 20 November 2018 05: 17
      0
      Almost all the NKVD officers were preparing saboteurs or were thrown into the rear by the police themselves and went to the front. Even they didn’t have any food; the case was that the detachment defeated the Finnish stronghold so they sacked two bags of flour to the intelligence school across the front line to feed their comrades. They tried to catch whom they judged under article 58 and now they are now repressed or not
  2. Olgovich
    Olgovich 14 November 2018 07: 19
    -1
    System of theft and speculation in the terrible conditions of the blockade worked flawlessly

    If this system worked flawlessly, then another law enforcement system worked poorly.

    And according to the stories of relatives of the blockade, speculators calmly lived and rode like cheese in oil after the war. Management had access to the products, but they knew with whom and what to share.

    The fat waitresses who were not infinitely mentioned in the article, basically, robbed people
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 14 November 2018 07: 49
      +7
      Quote: Olgovich
      saleswoman waitresses basically robbed people

      And in crowds of people people went to the blockade in restaurants, where their fat, crooked-footed, disgusting and terrible waitresses robbed their faces?

      Quote: Olgovich
      If this system worked flawlessly, then another law enforcement system worked poorly.

      I agree with Tochilka, there must be a continuation about the punishment of these nonhumans, otherwise some people have a false impression about the work of our law enforcement bodies.
    2. Mcar
      Mcar 14 November 2018 08: 39
      +13
      Quote: Olgovich
      If this system worked flawlessly, then another law enforcement system worked poorly.

      In fact, in order to avoid all kinds of insinuations, the author should add these facts at the end:
      For 900 days of the blockade, BHSS staff seized from speculators: 23 rubles in cash, 317 rubles in government bonds, gold coins totaling 736 rubles, gold products and gold bullion - 4 kilograms, gold watches - 081 pieces. By OBHSS 14545 people were prosecuted.
      1. Fan-fan
        Fan-fan 14 November 2018 16: 30
        0
        And where is the famous Stalin NKVD? Why didn’t the thieves be shot? Or shot only politically unreliable? I think the power of thieves was considered for their own. Since they did not steal in power, but in the people.
        1. Mcar
          Mcar 14 November 2018 19: 44
          -5
          Quote: Fan-Fan
          And where is the famous Stalin NKVD?

          Quote: McAr
          For 900 days of the blockade, BHSS staff seized from speculators: 23 rubles in cash, 317 rubles in government bonds, gold coins totaling 736 rubles, gold products and gold bullion - 4 kilograms, gold watches - 081 pieces. Through the OBHSS, 600 people were prosecuted.

          Quote: Fan-Fan
          Why didn’t the thieves be shot?

          I’m surprised myself. Probably too humane laws were.
    3. Alex013
      Alex013 14 November 2018 21: 56
      -1
      I agree with you.
  3. iury.vorgul
    iury.vorgul 14 November 2018 07: 43
    +13
    Milk relied on a portion of 75 grams, but each of him was underfilled by 30 grams.
    This was done on the personal order of the bloody tyrant. And every time his satraps Zhdanov and Beria wandered if they had poured 30 grams of milk from the children, and if only 29 were poured, then all those who were not involved were taken out into the open field, put against the wall and shot the bloody ghouls from the GB. Mr. with the nickname "Olgovich", and when when "an honorary saint, an honorary great martyr, an honorary Pope of Rome, the owner of the Russian land ...", oh, I apologize, a passion-bearer, in Tsarskoe Selo he shot at cats, and in front of his palace in St. with his portraits and icons - the system worked fine. Well, he's a smear, he can. And now, when another minister is talking about raising wages and reducing poverty, our current minister is not aware of the same, he was not informed, "the government is working well."
  4. Glory1974
    Glory1974 14 November 2018 10: 36
    +12
    To rewrite a well-known saying, we can say "If there is food in the city, then there are those who have a lot of it." And thieves and speculators were always and everywhere. But the law enforcement system is characterized not by the presence of thieves and murderers in the country, but by the ability to neutralize them. (Gleb Zheglov).
    Therefore, I don’t understand what the author is driving at. He wants to tell how bad was the blockade? Or tell me what bad leaders there were?
    And why not tell him about the cooks who were dying of hunger in the workplace, did not even take crumbs from a common boiler? Or is this not the purpose of the article?
    In general, the impression is twofold from the article. What will be the general conclusion, the general orientation of the author will become clear.
    1. Galleon
      Galleon 14 November 2018 15: 42
      +14
      Quote: glory1974
      And why not tell him about the cooks who were dying of hunger in the workplace, did not even take crumbs from a common boiler? Or is this not the purpose of the article?

      The brother of the artist Vasily Merkuryev, Alexander, was in the besieged Leningrad the director of the bakery. He died of starvation.
      I bow down.
      1. alavrin
        alavrin 27 January 2019 20: 18
        +1
        Vasily Merkuryev himself was a man with a capital letter. Adopted several children (three orphaned nephews, two children behind the evacuation train), helped many people.
    2. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 14 November 2018 22: 07
      +1
      You know, the author, in my opinion, is very talented, in his articles does not make ratings and does not indicate accents. He operates with facts. This is aerobatics in journalism.
      1. alstr
        alstr 15 November 2018 13: 00
        +2
        Yes, the facts can be selected differently. there were not only those cited in the article, but also others, when people did not eat up, but fed others. And such examples have already been given here.
        Everything was different. It was bad and it was good. Just bad is very easy to find, because it is foam. And the good is usually not visible, because it does not stick itself out.
    3. Huumi
      Huumi 16 November 2018 16: 50
      0
      I think the author wants to tell us how it WAS
  5. Flavius
    Flavius 14 November 2018 10: 59
    +2
    Why does no one here say - "Under Stalin, this was not the case"?
    Where did the omniscient and kind leader Joseph Vissarionovich look? Why did we make a revolution in 17 so that such a mess would happen nationwide.
    Indeed, in the later USSR, sellers were the highest caste. I remember them perfectly - thick, sleek. The head of the dining room on six, I remember, personally skated. And we only had a bicycle for a family. They talk with you as if you owe them money.
    Well, in polyclinics about the same approach was to the working people.
    1. Seal
      Seal 14 November 2018 16: 57
      +4
      Yes it was. The memories of the son of one of the chairmen of the Sochi city executive committee confirm this.
      http://privetsochi.ru/blog/history/16228.html
      My classmate told how he was appointed to lead the famous "Caucasian aul" for a bribe and commanded a restaurant. Under him, real dishes were served only to colleagues, businessmen from the service sector. These are customers of the first category. The second was all kinds of bosses. He was treated with scraps. Unfinished olivier salads and an unfinished Pepsi-Cola - everything went into effect when setting the table for the bosses.

      “As for people like you,” continued a childhood friend, “bespectacled people living on a wretched Soviet salary, we are trying not to let you into the restaurant at all. For this, they came up with entrance tickets. The cashier will see your points for three rubles and sympathetically reports that the tickets have run out. Well, if the bespectacled man still breaks into the restaurant, then we feed him with the most unsuitable garbage, and even count him big. ”
      In those cases when it was possible to break through the restaurant without letters, money and bribes, severe trials awaited visitors.

      In the office of the director of the restaurant “Sochi Lights”, also a large bribe taker, a passing banner of a drummer of communist labor appeared on the wall. Sitting under the banner, the director made deals with the delicacies entrusted to him, i.e. allowed black caviar, red fish, cervelat sausage to the left. And in the hall, visitors were told that there was nothing to offer them for lunch. Once, an anxious administrator ran into my office and complained that a group of Muscovites was raging, demanding food.
      “Give them scrambled eggs with bread, and let them either calm down or clean in a good way,” the drummer of communist labor casually commanded. - There is no rest from these impudent people!

      If, however, in the catering and treated, then sometimes very unappetizing dishes. In the aforementioned Sochi restaurant "Caucasian Aul", our company served pieces of hair-covered, half-baked chicken instead of tobacco chickens. My neighbor, a cook in the restaurant "Gorka", admitted that he urinates in the dough when cooking dumplings. What for? For the sake of sports interest!
    2. hohol95
      hohol95 14 November 2018 22: 42
      +4
      Already on June 24, on the third day of the war, OBKhSS officers detained the Antipov sisters. One of them brought home more than a centner of flour and sugar, dozens of cans of canned food, butter - in a word, everything that could be taken from the dining room, where she worked as a chef. Well, the second brought home almost the entire haberdashery store, which she was in charge of.

      To match Mashkovtsev were brother and sister Deichi. During the NEP, they held several stores. Then Faina Deutsch married Rukshin. They traded skillfully, and turned the money into gold coins and other valuables. The couple continued their commerce after the liquidation of the NEP. The ganged together strictly observed the rules of conspiracy. They did without receipts, and all telephone conversations were conducted in allegorical form.
      The cynicism of these people knew no bounds. Although they interrogated each other during interrogations, each of them asked the investigators the same question: will the seized values ​​be returned to them? A lot was seized: three kilograms of gold bullion, 15 pendants and bracelets made of platinum and gold, 5415 rubles in gold coins, 60 kilograms of silverware, almost 50000 rubles in cash and ... 24 kilograms of sugar, canned food. And that was August 41st!
      Typical in this regard was the case of the speculator Dalevsky, who was in charge of a small grocery stall. Having entered into a conspiracy with colleagues from other outlets, he turned his stall into a place for pumping products.
      Dalevsky went to one of the pushers, where he looked after the buyer for his products. Then followed a visit to the buyer. Dalevsky knew how to bargain. His communal room was gradually turning into an antique shop. Paintings hung on the walls, cabinets were filled with expensive crystal and porcelain, and in the hiding places lay gold coins, precious stones, orders.
      OBHSS and criminal investigators quickly took Dalevsky under surveillance and found out that he was especially interested in people with dollars and pounds. It all started with a regular revision in a stall. Naturally, everything was openwork at Dalevsky - a penny a penny, no surplus ...
      Dalevsky was not afraid, believing that this was just a planned check, and continued to work according to the established scheme. Soon in his stall accumulated stock - more than a centner of products. And here employees of the OBKhSS rushed in. Dalevsky could not give any explanations. I had to confess ...
      Only the seized coins and jewelry pulled at state prices in the amount of more than 300 rubles. Crystal, porcelain and paintings were valued at almost the same rate. We shouldn’t talk about products - in the winter of 000nd, there was no price in blockaded Leningrad.

      The fight was not only at the front, but also in the rear with such bastards ...
  6. jjj
    jjj 14 November 2018 11: 21
    -1
    It seems that the article was placed in support of the thesis that it was necessary to surrender in the name of humanism. Well, the well-known "black comedy", judging by the tone of the article, has quite a right to life
  7. jmndslthr.
    jmndslthr. 14 November 2018 11: 47
    +7
    http://avidreaders.ru/book/v-tiskah-goloda-blokada-leningrada-v.html в осажденном мегаполисе и не такое было. лично меня несколько удивляют "либерального" склада ума люди, превозносящие демократию (требующую большинства для принятия решения) и при этом делающих умозаключения то на единичных фактах, то на личном опыте, возводя его в абсолют.
    Was it described in the article, yes. it was worse. whether this was the norm is not (which is also noted in the memoirs in the article). whether the signified was the main characterizing feature describing the situation - no.
    1. Flavius
      Flavius 14 November 2018 12: 14
      -1
      Quote: jmndslthr
      was it the norm - no

      It was. In stores, hospitals, passport offices, everything was like this
      And they often quarrel, and swear in pitiful, thin voices with the saleswomen, who roughly answer them, and, well-fed, despise this hungry, greedy and helpless crowd
      1. jmndslthr.
        jmndslthr. 14 November 2018 12: 49
        0
        in the blockade still not. completely under state capitalism, the blessing of the "estate" returned and now continue
  8. trahterist
    trahterist 14 November 2018 13: 48
    +1
    All the while tormented by the question, why didn’t they stupidly kill such speculators?
    If it is known that such a body trades at a knowingly lifted price, it is vitally important.
    I see the answer in the higher moral and ethical qualities of those suffering, and (God forbid, of course) if such a misfortune happened in the present time, speculators would be cut out without the slightest sentimentality.
    1. jmndslthr.
      jmndslthr. 14 November 2018 13: 52
      +3
      speculators would be those that bootleggers during Prohibition, under the wing of whom it is necessary. such organized crime groups would bloom to all the hats for envy
    2. Galleon
      Galleon 14 November 2018 15: 46
      +16
      Quote: trahterist

      All the while tormented by the question, why didn’t they stupidly kill such speculators?

      But how could people be killed who, freezing from the cold, did not cut down a single tree in the Summer Garden? Who, starving, saved the life of animals in the Leningrad Zoo (!!)?
      How could such a kill? They could only die on their own. That was their choice. Feel the difference.
      1. Putin supporter
        Putin supporter 2 December 2018 21: 30
        -2
        Quote: Galleon
        Quote: trahterist

        All the while tormented by the question, why didn’t they stupidly kill such speculators?

        But how could people be killed who, freezing from the cold, did not cut down a single tree in the Summer Garden? Who, starving, saved the life of animals in the Leningrad Zoo (!!)?
        How could such a kill? They could only die on their own. That was their choice. Feel the difference.

        something you describe intelligent liberals ...
    3. Vladimir 5
      Vladimir 5 14 November 2018 18: 36
      -5
      Trach. In 1941, those over 40 years old saw Imperia, WWII, and the civil war and NEP, and widespread famine, and dispossession, 30 arrests. And you want to ask them about their conscience, their whole conscience was in the word - to survive in any way, because for decades they have lived like that for survival. Only young people under 20 years old, who did not see all the misfortunes, and only partially, were ideologically on the side of the Bolsheviks ... Now there is talk from the sofas about morality and executions. and die there, no matter how many strangers there would be who sacrificed themselves for the sake of finding themselves ... Wadding one's tongue, experiencing one's own skin is another, and repeating such a situation, everything would be repeated, especially in the absence of even some kind of moral framework, like construction nationwide socialism-communism ....
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 15 November 2018 21: 51
        -3
        "was in the word - to survive in any way, because for decades they lived like this for survival" ////
        ----
        Exactly. And Leningraders were more intimidated than others. And the terror in the Civil, and several "purges" - the expulsion of the former nobles. And 37 years old. They did not expect anything good from the authorities and were afraid to even criticize them a little. And during the blockade, this was manifested very clearly. When my dad talked about the Blockade, I was struck by the passivity of the population. Dying of hunger in frozen apartments and no shares? I was small and did not understand the prehistory and mentality of that generation.
    4. Huumi
      Huumi 16 November 2018 17: 13
      +1
      I think yes, they would have lifted up on poles in the streets and would have dangled .... Right now, it would be in such a position if people were caught, then I suppose, the "fat" would have a shorter life
  9. vladimirvn
    vladimirvn 14 November 2018 15: 05
    +4
    How many will there be, get the country in a similar situation today ?! Scary to imagine!
    1. Aen
      Aen 14 November 2018 16: 43
      +2
      The black market! .. To whom is war .. and to whom is mother dear .. Grandfather told about the war ... everywhere crush .. markets .. Jolt .. for sugar-exchanged alcohol .. drank 5 .. smoked makhra ..
  10. Seal
    Seal 14 November 2018 16: 39
    +7
    Quote: glory1974
    And why not tell him about the cooks who were dying of hunger in the workplace, did not even take crumbs from a common boiler? Or is this not the purpose of the article?
    . Remember Mayakovsky.
    Glory, Glory, Glory to the heroes !!! However, they were rather paid tribute. Now let's talk about trash.

    A lot has been said and said about the exploits and selflessness. But there was rubbish. And the law enforcement system in besieged Leningrad was weakened. Many cadre militiamen went to fight, some in the army, some in the partisans. Inexperienced came in their place. Then the law enforcement system never prepared for work in the conditions of bombing and shelling, in conditions when half the city was in ruins, in conditions when several hundred thousand inhabitants of the region, or even more distant lands, escaped from the German attack. Well, it goes without saying that the NKVD was primarily engaged in the capture of saboteurs and anti-Soviet elements. And speculators and robbers - this is the second stage.
    1. Tutejszy
      Tutejszy 15 November 2018 12: 25
      0
      Quote: Seal
      First of all, the NKVD was engaged in the capture of saboteurs and anti-Soviet elements. And speculators and robbers - this is the second stage.

      And these two positions often intersected: Nazi intelligence recruited mainly among this category of people am ... It’s very easy to recruit such people: a whip ("we'll just sniff at the OBKHSS"!) And a carrot ("soon we will take the city - and we will not take the stolen away from those who worked for us!")
    2. alstr
      alstr 15 November 2018 13: 07
      0
      It remains to add that the police support the wipers were also thinned out (they were called up to the front). And it was after the war that the wipers disappeared from our lives in the sense in which they were before the war (starting from imperial times). After all, the janitor is not only cleaning the territory as it is now, but also maintaining order in the territory entrusted, keeping a register of residents, and cooperating with the police (police). Sometimes the residents of the violent had to pacify. And also to heat the house, to look after communications and much more.
      Therefore, the lack of janitors also affected the rule of law.
  11. Seal
    Seal 14 November 2018 16: 44
    +1
    Quote: Galleon
    Who, starving, saved the life of animals in the Leningrad Zoo (!!)?

    Nevertheless, it should be noted that all the predators kept in the zoo were shot.
    “One of the most terrible images of the war, the Leningrad youthful children who helped in the zoo, saw in August 1941,” says Dmitry Vasiliev. “Then an order was issued to kill all large predatory animals. There was a risk that the tigers and lions, frightened of the explosions and bombings, would run out of wooden enclosures and rush to the streets of Leningrad. ”The future employee of the zoo, and in 1941, the junior Olga Podleskikh, said that she realized the horror of the war when, in August, when she habitually came to the zoo, I saw a mountain of corpses of shot lions, leopards and wolves in pools of blood ... According to her, it was then that they, the children, realized that the war was not somewhere far away, but here it is, nearby. "
    Dmitry Vasiliev says that a collection of predators was destroyed, the number of which exceeds even the current one. But then there were no options. Even if the animals didn’t run away, they would still be unable to feed them. True, they could feed others ... But they did not think about this in August of the 41st.
    “Then it was worse. On September 4, 1941 there was the first shelling of Leningrad from long-range cannons. On September 6, the first air raid. On September 8, during the second bombing, the shells hit the zoo,” says the keeper. “Of course, the Germans did not need the zoo itself, but it was close to the Peter and Paul Fortress, on the beach of which our anti-aircraft guns stood. Nearby - the entire central part of Leningrad. Therefore, bombs fell on the zoo, several buildings with animals, cash desks, junnatskie rooms, a monkey house built in 1911 were destroyed. together with the monkeys. Several managed to escape, then they were caught throughout the city ... ".
    The animals of the Leningrad Zoo were state property, material values, and for each - like an official car or machine - the employee answered with his head. The zoo was guarded by armed guards. But the animals continued to die. Each corpse was subject to strict reporting. Even a dead deer or bird could not be fed to starving predators without an act of deduction and acceptance. Ungulates were fed with steamed and boiled sawdust, and fish oil was added to small predators.
    1. hohol95
      hohol95 14 November 2018 22: 06
      +1
      Forgot to add -
      Animals died not only from hunger, but also from stress. From the constant roar of bombing, they had heart attacks, strokes. So two tigers died, cubs ... Somehow a shell hit a bison with a bison. The bison did not touch, but the beast with fear escaped from the fence and collapsed into the funnel. People began to make bridges, to get some boards - and pulled him out of there.

      It turns out that not all large predators were shot.
      Or you have a question in your head - maybe it was necessary to put animals on meat?
      And do not suffer, do not transfer products to their food, but give them to people.
      1. Yura
        Yura 14 November 2018 23: 27
        +4
        Quote: hohol95
        And do not suffer, do not transfer products to their food, but give them to people.

        I’ll add to yours how these selfless people, employees of the All-Union Plant Growing Institute (VIR) saved the country's unique seed fund:
        Of the entire breeding fund of the Leningrad Institute, which contained several tons of unique crops, not a single grain, not a single grain of rice or potato tuber was touched during the siege. 28 employees of the institute died of starvation, but retained materials that could help post-war restoration of agriculture.
        Source: https://fishki.net/1992999-kak-v-blokadnom-leningrade-spasali-semennoj-fond-strany.html © Fishki.net
  12. Yura
    Yura 14 November 2018 22: 34
    +3
    I personally knew one of the blockers, among other things, that spoke of patience, courage and determination to survive and win, there were terrible things in their essence, they were not for conversation, they were memories that each had their own. Someone was proud of them, and someone was afraid to even think about what happened to him, there were those who tried to hide them not only from others but also from themselves.
  13. bubalik
    bubalik 14 November 2018 23: 53
    +3
    ,,,Eugene, hi ,, this is such a topic that, according to the memoirs, you cannot write it (my opinion) ,,
  14. Mikhail Matyugin
    Mikhail Matyugin 15 November 2018 01: 28
    +2
    Many thanks for such excellent material to the respected Author!
  15. Kola Lopar
    Kola Lopar 15 November 2018 11: 13
    +1
    - In Leningrad there was such a thing as dining rooms of enhanced nutrition. - (with)
    The son of the secretary of the Leningrad city committee Kuznetsov ate in the canteen of Smolny, and he was diagnosed with dystrophy.
    These were the dining rooms for the very best.
  16. mikh-korsakov
    mikh-korsakov 15 November 2018 11: 33
    -1
    This is all pure truth. My late mother and older sisters survived the blockade, and from their stories it is clear to me that it was the "market people" who were a privileged society in Leningrad. Our liberals, such as the author of the film "Holiday", clumsily shift the arrows to the party organs. Their awkwardness lies in the fact that they have not in the least experienced and were not even aware of it. what was going on there. But they show us that, of course, the communists were fattening. But this is not the case! Market speculators were fattening - this is the key word, even if they had a party card in their pocket. But the main thing is a WORLD-Eater, not a communist.
    1. Olgovich
      Olgovich 16 November 2018 07: 23
      -3
      Quote: mikh-korsakov
      Market speculators lived in - this is the key word, even if they had a party ticket in their pocket. But the main thing is PEACE, not a communist.

      who has power, he has products (disposal of them). So or not? Who has the power?
      Not a single responsible worker of the regional committee, city committee, or district committees of Leningrad died of hunger.
  17. Tutejszy
    Tutejszy 15 November 2018 12: 15
    +3
    Execution for such am - it's too little. But taking into account the fact that they burn in hell and will burn there forever - it will turn out just right!
    My mother was evacuated along the "Road of Life" only in 1943. She was 5 years old - but she could only climb the stairs on all fours: there was no strength! And she subsequently failed to find any of her relatives ...
  18. Antares
    Antares 15 November 2018 22: 44
    +2
    sad to read .. hunger, siege, war, death ....
    My grandfather told me how the only source where they could take food was the sea (they caught the gobies and then the Romanians shot or just didn’t give) ... but in the besieged freezing Leningrad it wasn’t even ...
    Children usually die the fastest (and the elderly) ...
    The dormant instincts of cannibalism escalate ...
    Thanks to the author, even though these are some of the saddest tragedies of our people, the City of Hero of Leningrad and its many-day siege ...
  19. mark021105
    mark021105 17 November 2018 20: 13
    0
    At the same time, the leadership of the NKVD informed the leadership of the Soviet Union that “the main contingent of those arrested for speculating and embezzlement of socialist property are employees of trade and supply organizations (distribution network, warehouses, bases, canteens).


    And there is nothing new under the sun ... In the 80s, the same kind and spread out society ...
  20. Sasha75
    Sasha75 20 November 2018 04: 58
    0
    Speculators were tried, but it was everywhere from Moscow to Baku, as soon as the war broke out, the products disappeared and prices began to skyrocket. There are many books describing this period I read. Not missing. It describes in great detail how they began to grow in the country, pricing for products. And the speculators who stole from the shops were planted under article 58, so interestingly they are also repressed now
  21. evgen1221
    evgen1221 3 February 2019 07: 29
    0
    I strongly doubt the accessory of picture No. 1 to the besieged Leningrad. It wasn’t such fools at that time to take such pictures, given that it’s just not possible for a person to enter the street without the necessary crusts and the authorities do not need to embitter the population in such a difficult period. I admit that maybe it was made in Leningrad, but obviously in a different period.