Military Review

Why does Kazakhstan call the world to religious tolerance?

38
This week, the sixth Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions, the sixth one, will be held in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan. The first such forum, convened at the initiative of Kazakh President Nazarbayev, took place 15 years ago, in September 2003. Since then, congresses of leaders of world religions have been held regularly, once every three years.




Denominations of the world in search of consent

They gain popularity. If the first such forum was attended by 17 delegations representing the most popular religious denominations of the world (Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, Shintoism, and others), then the fifth Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions in 2015 arrived in Astana 80 delegations from 42 countries of the world.

Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Kirill sent his greeting to the congress then. (According to the latest census, 26% of the population of Kazakhstan called themselves Christians.) With his blessings, the forum was attended by Metropolitan of Astana and Kazakhstan Alexander, Patriarchal Exarch of All Belarus Metropolitan of Minsk and Zaslavsky Pavel, representatives of various structures of the Moscow Patriarchate.

Interestingly, in addition to the leaders of religious denominations, heads of state arrived in Astana (King Abdullah II of Jordan, S. Niinistö, President of Finland, Mulatu Teshome, President of Ethiopia) and influential international organizations (UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, OSCE Secretary General L. Zannier, OIC Secretary General I. Madani, representative of the UN Alliance of Civilizations Nasir Abd al-Aziz An-Nasser and other authoritative secular persons).

Such wide confessional and political representation is conditioned by the objectives of the religious congress in Astana. Fifteen years ago, they were determined by the initiator of the religious congress Nursultan Nazarbayev, declaring the achievement of "an understanding of the exceptional importance of peace, harmony among religions, peoples and states."

With the rise of religious extremism and terrorism, the demand for such an agenda has been high. It is reflected in the final documents of the Astana forums, which declare the cessation of military conflicts and violence against citizens, condemns the practice of using modern communications (media, Internet) to incite religious hatred between people, etc.

The interest of Nursultan Nazarbayev to religious tolerance and harmony did not arise from scratch. Many associate his initiative with a terrorist attack in America, which was carried out by Islamic extremists in September 2001 of the year. This tragic event was, of course, a shock for the world, but it is still far from Kazakhstan and the problems of its citizens.

Here is a modern religious история, as, indeed, in other post-Soviet countries, began after the collapse of the USSR. In the new conditions, the leaders of the republics, and now the independent states, were forced to abandon the communist ideology and were left without a pivot uniting the society.

Renaissance of religion in the former Soviet Union

The search for national identity and national ideas, while the need for them was extremely high, did not bring anything worthwhile. It was then that the leaders of the post-Soviet states, in friendly ranks, moved into the confessional field in order to replace the absence of their own ideas uniting the nation with centuries-old religious institutions and traditions.

It turned out somehow not very. There was a lack of knowledge, experience, and understanding of religion as such, and most importantly, most people were not used to strictly adhere to religious norms. The society was not able to raise these standards over their life priorities and self-consciousness, to introduce into the practice of communication.

Kazakhstan in this series was the most striking example. Nominally, the Islamic country received such a secular development that the return to the bosom of religion already required a revolutionary breakdown of consciousness. Of course, the long-term influence of the communist ideology had an effect. But to a greater degree - the nomadic history of the Kazakh people themselves.

Experts note that the living conditions of nomads did not dispose to the observance of many Islamic traditions, for example, daily multiple namaz, the separation of women in housing or even the manner of dressing in accordance with the canons of faith. Therefore, in the life of the Kazakhs there were no burqas, hijabs and niqabs that were not practiced in the everyday life of women believers.

An even more serious problem for Kazakhstan was the lack of theological traditions. They were satisfied by inviting interpreters of Islam from Arab countries. Together with them, public organizations working in the Islamic tradition traveled. For example, a branch of the Kuwaiti Society for Social Reform appeared in Kazakhstan.

It soon became clear that this organization, under the pretext of teaching Kazakhs to the Arabic language, was busy spreading Wahhabi literature and recruiting its spiritual supporters. This was done by those very interpreters and teachers who were supposed to fill Kazakhstan with an understanding of Islam.

The authorities felt the threat of confessional and social stability emanating from the Kuwaiti "enlighteners" and stopped their activities in the country. This case was the reason for the adoption of the law "On Countering Extremism." In Kazakhstan, they banned the activities of organizations that “set themselves the goal of consolidating the supremacy of one religion in the country, inciting religious hatred and discord, promoting religious extremism and taking actions aimed at using interfaith differences for political purposes.”

Under the new law, Hizb ut-Tahrir, the Muslim Brotherhood, the Taliban, the Jamaat Mujahideen of Central Asia, Lashkar-i-Taiba, Boz Gourd, Asbat al- Ansar "and the Kuwaiti Social Reform Society referred to here.

"Kazakhs are not Arabs"

The ban on the activities of religious extremists did not shake the confidence of the authorities of Astana that only on the values ​​of religious tradition can they unite the society. Meanwhile, in a multi-ethnic and multi-confessional Kazakhstan, the task is very difficult.

Nursultan Nazarbayev is trying to solve it by directly addressing the nation: “We, Kazakhstanis,” says the president, “respect and love our religion — Islam, but we respect all other religions and faiths that our citizens prefer. On this basis, we maintain the unity, cohesion, friendship of our people ... Read the Torah, the Koran and the Bible, they contain the wisdom. ”

These words of President Nazarbayev show that the initiative to convene a congress of world and traditional religions was not only of international importance. Religious tolerance is needed in Kazakhstan itself. It is necessary to rethink the role of religion in modern society, to compare it with the historical traditions and mentality of the people.

The fruits of this rethinking are already evident. In 2011, the law “On religious activities and religious associations” was passed in Kazakhstan. He affirmed "the right to freedom of religious activity that does not contradict the law." However, not all loopholes for radical followers of Islam were closed.

The country has experienced a series of terrorist acts carried out by religious extremists. Suffice it to recall the attack on 2016 on a military unit in Aktobe, where soldiers and especially civilians were the victims. Parliament is now reviewing a law on religious activity.

No one in Astana directly speaks, but it is clear that the main changes in the law are addressed to representatives of the so-called “radical Islam”. This was indirectly confirmed by the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations, Defense and Security of the Senate of Kazakhstan, Dariga Nazarbayeva.

“We are Kazakhs, we are not Arabs,” the local media actively quoted Nazarbayeva’s words. “We have very liberal legislation and attitude towards all religions ... If a religious outlook is aimed at the development of society, propagates tolerance, peace and tranquility in the country, then for God's sake and welcome.”

In the new law, civil servants will be forbidden to be members of religious associations, to use their official position in the interests of these associations. At the same time, the executive authorities will be given greater authority to monitor the activities of religious groups.

An important detail. Lawmakers propose to protect with penalties from insults not only the feelings of believers, but also atheists. In other words, religion will no longer be the only instrument for the government to influence society. Astana is now showing willingness to take into account the interests of both representatives of different faiths and non-believers.

It is expected that this topic will be developed at the next Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions. Darkhan Kaletayev, Minister of Public Development of Kazakhstan, shared with the local media: on the upcoming forum, Nursultan Nazarbayev will announce the creation of a Center for the development of interfaith and intercivilizational dialogue.

This dialogue is needed not only by the world, but also by the Kazakh society. Perhaps the congress in Astana will open the way for this.
Author:
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38 comments
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 8 October 2018 06: 29
    +3
    Lawmakers propose protecting fines from insults not only the feelings of believers, but also atheists.
    ... All people believe, some believe that there is God, others believe that there is no God, and both are unprovable .... And how can you protect the feelings, the ability of people who believe and not believers, to perceive external impressions, to feel, to experience that Something ...
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 8 October 2018 10: 17
      +1
      Quote: parusnik
      that God is, others believe that there is no God, and both are unprovable ..

      Immanuel Kant proved, so to speak, scientifically, in the literal sense of the word.

      - To take this Kant, and for such evidence for three years in Solovki, Ivan Nikolayevich thumped quite unexpectedly.
      - Exactly, exactly - there is the place for him. After all, I told him then at breakfast, "You, professor, you will, have invented something awkward, they will make fun of you."
    2. garrett
      garrett 9 October 2018 15: 46
      +1
      you did not hear anything about agnosticism?))
  2. Serg sh
    Serg sh 8 October 2018 06: 42
    +4
    If you look at Astana from above, it feels like its masses were building .. everywhere there are Masonic symbols .. from here sometimes it seems to me that the American habits of the Kazakh leadership ..
    1. dSK
      dSK 8 October 2018 15: 45
      +1
      Quote: Serg Sh
      everywhere Masonic symbols ..

      This is true, they will not bring Kazakhstan to good, the most conspiratorial organization in the world.
  3. Nikolai Petrov
    Nikolai Petrov 8 October 2018 06: 49
    -1
    I suppose that the next Maidan Ukraine will take place in Kazakhstan. And the question of the near future.
    1. dSK
      dSK 8 October 2018 15: 52
      +1
      Quote: Nikolai Petrov
      The next Maidan Ukraine will be held in Kazakhstan. And the question of the near future.
      Nazarbayev is already 78, a very respectable age. When he departs to another world in Kazakhstan it will be "hot", after the Russians left, the Angles, states, Japanese, Chinese, Arabs have crept there ...
      1. Nikolai Petrov
        Nikolai Petrov 8 October 2018 17: 00
        +1
        Сергей, я о том же. У них и так сегодня не всё как говаривала одна "дочь офицера" - однозначно. Пытаются кочевники давить русских. А украина им походу не урок.
  4. bober1982
    bober1982 8 October 2018 07: 22
    +5
    The venue for the meeting of world religious leaders in Astana is quite curious - the so-called Palace of Peace and Accord, , is a structure in the form pyramids (architect Sir Norman Foster), evil tongues say that it is no coincidence - and the layout of the city, and with what incredible speed it was rebuilt, well, this magnificent, but strange (?) Palace itself.
  5. Altona
    Altona 8 October 2018 08: 07
    +1
    To give the secular state into the clutches of religious preachers is obviously to weaken oneself and make one dependent on worshipers. It is not known what they teach and instruct their flock.
  6. Tatanka Yotanka
    Tatanka Yotanka 8 October 2018 08: 08
    +1
    this is called ecumenism, the unification of all religions under one control, rather under the authority of the pope, the Russian Orthodox Church actively promotes, everything goes to this, a single economy, a single religion, a single world government
    14
    Do not bow to the yoke of others with infidels, for what is the fellowship of righteousness with lawlessness? What do light and darkness have in common?
    15
    What is the agreement between Christ and Veliar? Or what is the complicity of the faithful with the infidel? (2nd Cor. Holy Scripture)
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 8 October 2018 08: 19
      0
      Quote: Tatanka Yotanka
      single religion

      What will God be called?
  7. Altona
    Altona 8 October 2018 08: 09
    +1
    Quote: Nikolai Petrov
    I suppose that the next Maidan Ukraine will take place in Kazakhstan.

    -------------------------
    How? In Kazakhstan, law enforcement officers are not shy about using weapons, immediately and radically.
  8. Conductor
    Conductor 8 October 2018 08: 30
    +7
    Here I live in Alma-Ata, at this time, the Islamists are being jammed here at a time. I’ll just give an example, the Vakhov Mosque, about 700 meters from my house, how they built it from the calls of the muezzin, especially at night, well, they already lifted up, so KAZAKHI themselves, they made a complaint, they didn’t let us live in peace (well, at night, the first prayer, at about 4 30 in the morning, very loud, for the elderly, for children it’s not the topic) lose everything, silence and grandeur. Harsh uncles arrived to give a lecture, no loss is heard.
    1. Tank hard
      Tank hard 8 October 2018 10: 45
      0
      Quote: Conductor
      from the calls of the muezzin, especially at night

      This is a personal matter. It always reassures me, like the ringing of bells. Never bothered. Maybe used? Maybe because I was born there? request
    2. Yeraz
      Yeraz 8 October 2018 22: 43
      +1
      Quote: Conductor
      so themselves KAZAKH

      if these Cossacks are Muslims, then they themselves added frying to their cauldron in hell.
      1. marshes
        marshes 9 October 2018 13: 14
        0
        Quote: Yeraz
        if these Cossacks are Muslims, then they themselves added frying to their cauldron in hell.

        So who likes when recording on powerful speakers at 4 o’clock in the morning, in the winter, then according to FIG and in the summer all have windows open.
        In our village, even devout imam turned to the youth to besiege. Yes, and in the daytime they reduced the sound. There is time from 7.00-23.00 when you can, and a true Muslim knows the time of prayer, by the way, there are smartphones on smartphones.
        1. Yeraz
          Yeraz 9 October 2018 20: 56
          +1
          Quote: marshes
          So who likes when recording on powerful speakers at 4 o’clock in the morning, in the winter, then according to FIG and in the summer all have windows open.

          Quote: marshes
          In our village, even devout imams appealed to the youth to besiege. Yes, and in the daytime, the sound was reduced.

          frankly speaking, I’m scared to imagine what level of adhan’s volume is in Kazakhstan, that even devout ones turned. I heard adhan’s sounds in Azerbaijan and Turkey, and there’s no better sound.
          Or do you have pious so-so pious or some kind of supernatural speakers.
          Although a comrade from above said that the principle of Azan was stopped in their area, and this is pure haram, for which these Muslims will be responsible on the day of judgment.
          Quote: marshes
          By the way, there are reminiscences on smartphones.

          Yes there is. Now to cancel the Azan in mosques?))) on the campaign you, as my father, are as "close" to Islam as possible)))
          1. marshes
            marshes 9 October 2018 21: 12
            0
            Quote: Yeraz
            frankly speaking, I’m scared to imagine what level of adhan volume is in Kazakhstan, that already devout

            There is a nightmare, for the call, Azan, of course, the minor ones are responsible. Who lives nearby, in the majority of Uighurs. They issued a remark to the iman.
            Quote: Yeraz
            Or you have devout so-so devout or some kind of supernatural speakers. Although a comrade from above said that Azan was stopped in principle in their area, and this is pure haraam, for which these Muslims will answer on the day of judgment.

            In the city, they also limited it, in terms of sounds. There is a desire here on the tents there are reminders.

            And so, if you take it, 5 times if you prayed, in the early years or from starvation they died or the invasions of the Kalmyks, by the way, the neighbors with the Dzungars didn’t help, they began to seize our land. This is Islamic unity.

            Quote: Yeraz
            ))) hike you, like my father as "close" to Islam)))

            Well, it seems true, as my father said, if you convince the imam in your own way, he will be the first in the mosque. laughing
            1. Yeraz
              Yeraz 10 October 2018 03: 50
              +1
              Quote: marshes
              This is Islamic unity, so.

              Islam is ideal, Muslims are not ideal countryman) Allah punished you for some sins.
              But we had complete unity in this regard. When other Muslims were weak in the composition and did not rush to chop off something, but vice versa. But our Armenian friends, at the sight of a stranger immediately to his side))) Therefore, everyone does not like them nationality in Azerbaijan and the Caucasus)))

              Quote: marshes
              Well, it seems true, as my father said, if you convince the imam in your own way, he will be the first in the mosque.

              I don’t get mine there. The processor is not the same and cannot be changed, but here we are reaching out for the younger generation and the religions with the nationals will be the battering ram that will demolish the remnants of Soviet bureaucracy in view of the Aliyev and Nazarbayev regimes (though the situation is different for you, in terms of Russian peace and Russification of the local themselves)
  9. asura
    asura 8 October 2018 09: 49
    +1
    It's ridiculous to read these snot about the "dialogue of world religions." Everything is simpler - Nazarbayev long ago fell under the globalists. On the coat of arms of Astana there is a stylized head of Baphomet, in its architecture there is a huge number of Masonic symbols (pyramids, double columns, "Solomon's tent", etc.). Why wonder at such ecumenical gatherings?

    Why do globalists need Kazakhstan - they are not shy to write: a territory remote from the oceans, close to the heart of the world, which they consider the South Urals. In the case of some climatic and seismic movements there you can safely sit in safety.
  10. Tank hard
    Tank hard 8 October 2018 10: 37
    0
    All this is good and interesting, but personally I am more interested in what will happen in Kazakhstan after Nazarbayev?
    1. Vasilenko Vladimir
      Vasilenko Vladimir 8 October 2018 17: 22
      0
      Quote: Tank Hard
      but personally I'm more interested

      I'm scared
      1. Tank hard
        Tank hard 8 October 2018 19: 44
        +1
        Quote: Vasilenko Vladimir
        I'm scared

        And I left ... request
        1. Vasilenko Vladimir
          Vasilenko Vladimir 8 October 2018 20: 07
          0
          so I’m kind of the same, but there are those for whom it’s scary
          1. Yeraz
            Yeraz 8 October 2018 22: 46
            +1
            Quote: Vasilenko Vladimir
            so I’m kind of the same, but there are those for whom it’s scary

            Yes, there will be nothing. Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are an example. Leader, especially Turkmenbashi, have been tougher and more self-absorbed. Kazakhstan and Nazarbayev amid Democrats with a capital letter. And nothing is a successful transfer of power. Uzbekistan is the same.
            And the funny thing is, no one has male heirs and sensible son-in-law to whom it would be possible to convey.
            But they did everything successfully. Kazakhstan will turn this over again.
            1. Vasilenko Vladimir
              Vasilenko Vladimir 9 October 2018 08: 47
              0
              Quote: Yeraz
              .Here stood more rigid and entrenched leaders. Kazakhstan and Nazarbayev amid Democrats with a capital letter

              Have you ever been to RK?
              By the way, the comparison is not correct also because of the nat composition
              1. Yeraz
                Yeraz 9 October 2018 20: 59
                +1
                Quote: Vasilenko Vladimir
                Have you ever been to RK?

                do you want to say the level of love and despotism of Nazarbayev and Turkmenbashi was at the same level ?? Or the current ??
                In Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan is ala, yes there is bootstalking and licking, and much more, but the comparison is generally not correct against the background of others. And they transferred power normally, why, with a lower level of all of the above, will there be a more severe and bloody transfer?
  11. aybolyt678
    aybolyt678 8 October 2018 11: 04
    +1
    -In religions annoying lack of feedback.
    -In Mecca, for example, Christians pay a tax for the fact that they "incorrectly" believe "in God. God is the same, the prophets are the same, only there is no Muhammad. And we have different" Faiths. "
    -The term tolerance is always alarming. In immunology, tolerance is the lack of an immune response. I believe that the terms should be correct, otherwise instead of "freedom" there will be permissiveness ...
    - exactly the same tolerance should be for unbelievers. I believe that in everyday life I have the right to say everything I think about religion.
    - I think the church needs to be given state powers to verify the conformity of the adopted legislative acts with preached morality smile
    1. Vasilenko Vladimir
      Vasilenko Vladimir 8 October 2018 17: 21
      0
      Quote: aybolyt678
      God is the same

      not quite
      1. Tank hard
        Tank hard 8 October 2018 19: 40
        0
        Quote: Vasilenko Vladimir
        not quite

        Explain why?
        1. Vasilenko Vladimir
          Vasilenko Vladimir 8 October 2018 20: 08
          +2
          Quote: Tank Hard
          Explain why?

          I am not a theologian, but there are a lot of differences, for example, in Islam, Isa ibn Maryam is just a prophet like Muhammad
    2. Tank hard
      Tank hard 8 October 2018 19: 42
      0
      Quote: aybolyt678
      And we have different "Faiths".

      And I thought that this is one faith, but religions are different ... What am I wrong? recourse
      1. kiril-belo
        kiril-belo 8 October 2018 23: 17
        0
        yes, God is one and he is one. Therefore, I don’t understand when Muslims try to shove their mosques everywhere. Believe in God - go pray in the temple, like all normal people. I put a candle for health, and a handsome man and a sheep do not need to be cut, and you don’t need to wipe the floor with your socks either, and you don’t need to hit the floor with your head either. Muslim fools, do not rummage where better. And God is one for all, only faith must be chosen correctly!
        1. Tank hard
          Tank hard 9 October 2018 09: 17
          0
          Quote: kiril-belo
          God is one and he is one

          For me this is the truth.
        2. Yeraz
          Yeraz 9 October 2018 21: 03
          0
          Quote: kiril-belo
          Therefore, I don’t understand when Muslims try to shove their mosques everywhere.

          because knowledge and education is zero.
          Quote: kiril-belo
          Believe in God - go pray in the temple, like all normal people. I put a candle for health

          then what is the difference between Islam, Judaism and Christianity, if it turns out everything rests against a single god.
          Quote: kiril-belo
          and you don’t need to cut a ram, and you don’t need to wipe the floor with your socks either, and you don’t need to hit the floor with your head either.

          And a squeak with the Jews do not have to cut yes expert?
          Quote: kiril-belo
          Muslim fools, do not rummage where better.

          then Christianity in this situation in the Russian Federation, empty churches, maximum holidays you can see people, and then 99% of women, crosses for the sake of a tick on the neck, not everyone has a Bible at home and there are more atheists every day.
          No, we are better than Islam to hold back and will not decline, as Christians.
          1. Tank hard
            Tank hard 10 October 2018 19: 17
            0
            Quote: Yeraz
            empty churches, maximum holidays you can see people and then in 99% of women, crosses for the sake of a tick on the neck, not everyone has a Bible at home and there are more atheists every day.

            Do not look there, the number of Christian believers is increasing in comparison with the USSR, here in VO, the situation is the opposite ... wink
            1. Yeraz
              Yeraz 10 October 2018 19: 36
              0
              Quote: Tank Hard
              Do not look there, the number of Christian believers is increasing in comparison with the USSR,

              Well, if you count from zero, then it’s possible. Well, I don’t notice any increase. Mostly for a tick, a cross on my neck, baptism and that’s all. And due to the fact that this is a tick for the bulk, the next stage is atheism, in which it naturally increases.