Military Review

"Nord Stream 2". Last stop is Washington?

59
Recently, Russia announced its readiness to fully finance the construction of the Nord Stream-2 gas pipeline on its own.




It seems that it will be necessary to build it mainly on our own. Recall that on this German-Russian project, which caused a lot of controversy even among politicians loyal to Russia, it is planned to supply another 55 billion cubic meters to Europe. m "blue" fuel. The project is estimated at 9,5 billion dollars, which was originally shared equally between Russia and its European partners.

There is no doubt that the statement voiced by Russian President Vladimir Putin during his visit to Chancellor Angela Merkel is not only a powerful PR move designed to smooth out all the rough edges and contradictions associated with the implementation of an ambitious project. Despite all the difficulties of both a political and an economic plan, this is also evidence of the certain confidence of the Russian leadership that nothing really can seriously prevent the project.



However, it is very important that this confidence does not grow into self-confidence. Yes, in favor of the purely Russian version, the suspension of the situation with American sanctions, which can be imposed not only against Russia and specifically Gazprom, but also against European participants in the project, speaks now. For now, note, for the most part, only potential ones.

But we must not forget that in the case of the implementation of the “Russian option”, European oil and gas companies face something like long-term unemployment. It is characteristic that American sanctions, among other things, are caused by fears that Russia may become a monopolist on the European energy market and will use this as a lever of pressure. It does not even take into account the fact that the implementation of the Russian scenario can contribute to the same monopolization of the market to a much greater extent than the extensive cooperation of Gazprom with the Europeans.

However, in the reality of the fact that the “Russians will pay” in Europe today, few people believe that on the old continent extremely effective antitrust laws are in effect. In addition, it should be noted that if the “Nord Stream 2” is still a project, with a fairly distant future, then building up alternative supplies of oil and gas to Western Europe is a fact today. In Germany, preparations are under way for the construction of a liquefied gas receiving terminal, to which, among other things, American fuel can be delivered.

In the meantime, the United States is quickly preparing an addition to its strategy to contain Russian gas expansion. This is the so-called ESCAPE (2018 Act) law proposed by Senators John Barasso and Corey Gardner. In it, the “Nord Stream 2” is unambiguously presented as a key target of opposition. The law, if adopted, will become the basis of the American Trans-Atlantic energy strategy for promoting American LNG (liquefied gas) and oil to the European market.

"Nord Stream 2". Last stop is Washington?

The authors of the anti-Russian ESCAPE, senators John Barasso (far right) and Corey Gardner (first left) managed to wait for their turn

Washington has repeatedly stated that so far there is little that can oppose the Nord Stream 2. This is evidenced by statistics, indicating that in 2017, through the channels of Gazpromexport, 192,2 bil- lion cubic meters penetrated to Europe. meters of gas, while LNG supplies from the United States amounted to total 2,62 billion cubic meters. m

The main buyers of US gas remain the United Kingdom, Portugal and Spain, where large volumes of Gazprom’s fuel have simply not reached. It is clear that the Nord Stream 2 is very capable of helping to solve the problem of gas supply in these countries. Moreover, American gas, despite all the efforts of the miners, remains much more expensive than Russian gas. Russian supplies to 2017 were at the average price of 200,2 thousand USD / thousand. cubic meters, while US prices were 32% higher.

In fact, the American gas industry can really master the European market either through outright dumping, which they simply don’t have enough money for, or due to any restrictions in Russian gas supplies. It seems that in Washington it was decided to take exactly the second path. However, this does not take into account the indirect funding model already adopted when financing the Nord Stream 2, which has so far allowed the European partners of Gazprom to easily circumvent the US restrictions.

After Turkey entered into an agreement with Gazprom on the second branch of the Turkish Stream, and then Bulgaria turned back to Russia, declaring the need for direct deliveries through the Black Sea, it became clear that the sanctions measures had exhausted themselves in their current version. However, a new portion of the sanctions may turn out to be much more dangerous for Europeans, and the new Russian initiative is primarily caused by this.



The ESCAPE bill in America is ready to link not only with the ineffectiveness of previous sanctions, but also with the unpredictability of the current owner of the White House. Especially with regard to the mechanisms and timing of the imposition of sanctions. So, even the August 2017 sanctions of the year allowed Trump to hit the European companies that had provided funding to Gazprom, but he did not. It seems that ESCAPE is capable of making the very mechanism for applying such sanctions automatic, when even the decision of the head of state is not required.

The very same package of sanctions laid down in ESCAPE, most experts estimate as less rigid compared to sanctions against the financial sector of Russia and its public debt. ESCAPE is an American document, but it is almost all about the notorious energy security of Europe. There are also familiar slogans in favor of the liberalization of energy markets, which are accompanied by a set of absolutely non-market protectionist measures that stimulate the supply of energy from the US to Europe. In addition, supporters of the bill do not hide their readiness to expand the American presence in the gas market of the old continent, relying on the military-political structure of NATO.

Most likely, it is within the framework of NATO that the Americans expect to use the support of Great Britain, Poland and the Baltic countries, which already strive to put sticks in the wheels of the Nord Stream-2. The conclusion is that the opposition to this project should somehow help the United States to strengthen discipline in the ranks of the alliance, the unity of which has recently undergone a difficult test of strength.

At least four NATO members (Germany, Turkey, Bulgaria and Greece) are not going to abandon the rate on Russian gas to ensure their own energy security. For Germany, which has practically curtailed its nuclear energy, the problem is especially acute.


Monuments to President Reagan managed to arrange in Eastern Europe (in the photo - Budapest), and even in the former Soviet republics

One day, more than 30 years ago, this country, which had not yet had time to add the eastern part, managed to withstand the pressure of President Ronald Reagan himself, now widely recognized in America as “great.” Reagan tried to force Europe, and first of all Germany, to abandon gas from the USSR, proposing to rely on the development of the Norwegian field with the characteristic name "Troll". However, practical Europeans, assessing the project as excessively costly, did not go to meet him.

It remains to be noted that the ESCAPE bill does not say anything concrete either regarding the criteria for energy security or about the mechanisms for promoting American oil and gas to the same Europe. Most likely, this is planned to be laid in a more global document - the above-mentioned Transatlantic Energy Strategy. By the very same ESCAPE project, American lawmakers once again seek to untie their hands in non-market competition, and not so much to American business, as to themselves and the president.
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  1. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 29 September 2018 05: 01
    +9
    In 2017, Russian deliveries went at an average price of $ 200,2 thousand / thousand. cubic meters, while US prices were 32% higher.

    This is how you read Russian news in the morning and then "scratch your turnips" recourse in speculation about the need for Gazprom to take care of the benefits and well-being of a foreign user and about "goodwill" in relation to an ordinary Russian, who, due to availability, continues to heat with wood and coal ... Fortunately, everything is at hand ... request
    1. Fungus
      Fungus 29 September 2018 05: 13
      -12
      Cry harder. And it’s sickly like that.
      1. Snail N9
        Snail N9 29 September 2018 06: 47
        +1
        The "national heritage" in Russia is so rich and so kind. Look, they recently presented the Kurds with 2 billion dollars, which then "suddenly" turned out to be "not legitimate" and 2 billion-bye-bye .... Then, at the request of the workers, they robbed pensioners, it must be the "burden on the budget," suffocating from the influx dollars from rising oil prices, "weaken". And, even earlier, the "property" stated that the "gasification" of the whole country with pipeline gas would not be a priority task, since the population of the provinces cannot pay for this and the emphasis will be on building only filling stations for bottled gas ..... well, "the king "graciously allowed the slaves to collect dead wood, now for a twig brought from the forest, they will not be judged, thanks to the" king "who cares about the people by the sire ...
        1. Weight
          Weight 29 September 2018 06: 58
          +4
          And who cares who gave it to whom? You are from another country
          1. 210ox
            210ox 29 September 2018 07: 24
            +1
            Alexey and Artem, dear ones. And why do you think that SP2 is a project of the distant future? In a couple of years you can build, although there is a very big opportunity to take on a whole bunch of restrictions. And do not say that sanctions do not affect our economy.
            1. bulvas
              bulvas 29 September 2018 10: 31
              +1
              on the old continent extremely effective antitrust laws apply.


              This is what we are missing.


              Maybe at least fish from the Far East could then be transported by rail


            2. podymych
              29 September 2018 18: 18
              0
              The answer to the first question is simple. SP2 has already become a stumbling block for all, and therefore the distant future. Especially in terms of building terminals on that and that shore.
              On the second, we do not claim that the sanctions do not work, they very significantly increase the cost of literally everything to us ... But, as indicated in the text, in the current edition as a means of counteracting the Russian gas expansion, the sanctions have exhausted themselves. That is, they are already being circumvented not for big money, but so to speak, in working mode.
        2. Fungus
          Fungus 29 September 2018 08: 07
          -9
          You are also stronger than crying. Do not forget to write about pensions.
        3. igorbrsv
          igorbrsv 29 September 2018 09: 49
          +8
          Probably somewhere in the tundra and do not gasify a village of thirty people per thousand square meters. km I myself can see for now that at least not remote villages in the middle of Russia are gasified. And this has been done in the last ten years, and continues to this day. I don’t know about Kurds. How could two lard give them, if this is not a country even request
          1. Frieda
            Frieda 29 September 2018 11: 07
            +4
            Quote: igorbrsv
            Probably somewhere in the tundra and do not gasify a village of thirty people per thousand square meters. km I myself can see for now that at least not remote villages in the middle of Russia are gasified.

            You are a little deluded. The city of Kyzyl, the capital of Tuva, is fired with coal, though not because of "indifference", but because of the availability of cheap coal and objective difficulties with laying a pipeline in those conditions (climate, relief), so coal heating is a matter of economic feasibility. And there are those who were cut off for non-payment of gas, so they use firewood to heat and resent, by the way, more than anyone else.
        4. Frieda
          Frieda 29 September 2018 10: 59
          +3
          Quote: Snail N9
          thanks to the "king", who cares about the people by the sire ...

          By the way, in a free Germany, with its social achievements, they are not charged a weak fine for collecting deadwood ... But what am I talking about, the main thing is the change of power, Merkel has served her term and left, not like Putin. Or is Merkel still the chancellor, and the burghers pay for themselves and for that "Syrian" guy? laughing
          1. igorbrsv
            igorbrsv 29 September 2018 21: 21
            +1
            The change of power for me is not so. Better one person who would really be rooting for us, for the people. At the same time, the continuity of power is unacceptable. There are many cases in history when we were ruled literally, not literally, the word will not be missed, in general, unhealthy people. I'm talking about emperors, incest and freaks
            1. aybolyt678
              aybolyt678 29 September 2018 22: 09
              +1
              Quote: igorbrsv
              Better one person who would really be rooting for us, for the people.

              MAN is a fan of the people, the politician takes the side of the strong
            2. kuz363
              kuz363 1 October 2018 15: 34
              0
              "Better one person who would really root for us, for the people." So this is Vova!
        5. Tersky
          Tersky 29 September 2018 11: 52
          +3
          Quote: Snail N9
          There, recently gave the Kurds 2 billion dollars

          winked Will you please with a proof? Or took information from the "encyclopedia" OBS?
    2. raw174
      raw174 29 September 2018 11: 25
      +3
      Quote: ROSS 42
      an ordinary Russian, who, due to accessibility, continues to drown with wood and coal ...

      I remember drowned with coal ... We started up gas in the 90s. Now the bath is only on wood, I like wood more. Gas is not very expensive, in winter a maximum of 6 thousand per month. it happens.
  2. bessmertniy
    bessmertniy 29 September 2018 05: 17
    +4
    Fundamentally, by taking over the financing of the construction of Nord Stream 2, Russia will not violate European antimonopoly legislation. But at the stage of completion of construction, Russia can corporatize this transport system and make good money on the sale of its shares at retail. At the same time, the controlling stake will still remain in the hands of the Russian Federation.
    1. Bull Terrier
      Bull Terrier 29 September 2018 05: 45
      -2
      Yes, it’s rather a PR move, as for me. Merkel's helping hand, just in case.
      1. 210ox
        210ox 29 September 2018 07: 26
        -2
        That's right. Yes, and the project itself is political, and only secondarily, economic. However, as is the supply of LNG from employees.
        1. Frieda
          Frieda 29 September 2018 11: 55
          +3
          Quote: 210ox
          And the project itself is political, and only secondarily, economic

          Seriously? In your opinion, the exclusion of intermediaries (read - parasites) from the trade chain is a political, not an economic expediency. This is not to mention the diversification of transport routes bypassing the "overly reliable" Ukraine and greedy Poles. You should teach at HSE. repeat
          1. YarSer88
            YarSer88 2 October 2018 21: 09
            +1
            So it is necessary that everyone thinks so. Clean economy, no politics. Only then did Germany twitch as if in a frying pan. You look and become loyal. Otherwise, why are the States so actively hindering construction? We both sold our gas, and we will sell that through transit, that directly, the volume does not change, the route changes.
    2. aybolyt678
      aybolyt678 29 September 2018 07: 16
      -2
      Quote: bessmertniy
      Russia can corporatize this transport system and make good money by selling its shares in retail

      The shares will be sold to Europeans, not Russian citizens, to demonstrate goodwill, naturally.
      1. Bull Terrier
        Bull Terrier 29 September 2018 07: 43
        +2
        And what does the citizens of Russia and the shares of an international company? Well, if you really want to, register a fund in Europe and buy as much as you want.
        1. aybolyt678
          aybolyt678 29 September 2018 12: 45
          -2
          Quote: Bull Terrier
          And what does the citizens of Russia and the shares of an international company?

          despite the fact that Gazprom pumps Russian gas, and the company is international. The entire exhaust for Russia is 51% of the salaries of state employees, which they will take to Turkey on vacation, and on a car that is from abroad. 49% are Gazprom shareholders who have long been "Russians" in quotation marks. Where is the perspective? Where is the state policy for the development of the non-resource sector?
      2. Nyrobsky
        Nyrobsky 29 September 2018 11: 55
        +2
        Quote: aybolyt678
        The shares will be sold to Europeans, not Russian citizens, to demonstrate goodwill, naturally.

        They will also sell to you. Only I doubt very much that you will have more than a dozen stocks of money - of course.
        1. aybolyt678
          aybolyt678 29 September 2018 12: 48
          0
          Quote: Nyrobsky
          They will also sell to you. Only I doubt very much that you will have more than a dozen stocks of money - of course.

          How to buy at least one? tell me, please
          1. igorbrsv
            igorbrsv 29 September 2018 21: 28
            0
            By the way, I was not interested in recently either, but before Gazprom shares could be bought even at an underpass or a savings bank
            1. aybolyt678
              aybolyt678 29 September 2018 22: 27
              0
              Quote: igorbrsv
              By the way, I was not interested in recently either, but before Gazprom shares could be bought even at an underpass or a savings bank

              I already asked, the yield is slightly lower than the level of currency inflation. those. if 10 years ago to buy dollars, and now sell - about the same. Somehow it does not fit in the head.
  3. Cavalryman
    Cavalryman 29 September 2018 06: 47
    -1
    Gazprom steers! With this pipe, we will quickly tighten the old Europe .. The United States and its gas carriers let them rest.
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. Cavalryman
        Cavalryman 29 September 2018 07: 46
        0
        Quote: Snail N9
        and in Germany, their hands are rubbed with pleasure-lit Russian suckers-instead of joint investments

        Stop whining !!! "Nord Stream" is, first of all, geopolitics .. (it is not for nothing that the United States is tearing and darting out of anger ..) We will return the money with interest if you are talking about profit, etc.
        You still remember about roads and pensioners to all of us .. negative
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. Snail N9
          Snail N9 29 September 2018 08: 22
          -6
          Yes, that's right, "stop whining":
          1. Fungus
            Fungus 29 September 2018 08: 31
            -7
            What do you care about JV 2, Russia and the Russians who you just called "suckers"? For this you will get another ban. Sit in your chicken coop and whine there.
            1. Snail N9
              Snail N9 29 September 2018 08: 54
              -2
              I'm used to calling things "by their proper names", even if someone doesn't like it ... well, those like you live forever in the land of fairies, unicorns and flying pink elephants .... the main thing is the "well-being" criteria to choose the right ones : wink



              1. Fungus
                Fungus 29 September 2018 09: 15
                -2
                To write that nothing has changed can only be hollow type like you. And if you lie, then bring facts from both sides. I remember the beginning of the 2000s and now. Heaven and earth. But much more needs to be done. And it’s going. And I am glad that such whiners like you are 2% of the total) Scum of society as they say.
                1. Frieda
                  Frieda 29 September 2018 11: 36
                  +1
                  Quote: Fungus
                  -1
                  To write that nothing has changed can only be hollow type like you. And if you lie, then bring facts from both sides. I remember the beginning of the 2000s and now. Heaven and earth. But much more needs to be done. And it’s going. And I am glad that such whiners like you are 2% of the total) Scum of society as they say.

                  Do not waste, Victor, your time and nerves on such trolls, constructive from Snail №9 There has never been and is not foreseen, there is only one "incriminating" slogans from the quotation book of ̶M̶a̶o Navalny, but "confidential" pictures as evidence of their "rightness". As the famous expression says: - "Do not give shrine to dogs and don't drop your beads before pigslest they trample him under their feet and, turning, do not tear you to pieces "© (Gospel of Matthew, ch. 7 v. 6). hi
              2. igorbrsv
                igorbrsv 29 September 2018 21: 35
                0
                Why do you whine all the time? If you were a mishandled Cossack, you would change the flag. But something makes you speak on behalf of this flag. We live here in Russia. We better know
          2. Frieda
            Frieda 29 September 2018 11: 25
            0
            Quote: Snail N9
            Yes, that's right, "stop whining":

            Cool piccha. Did you paint yourself? Yes, you are creative, you should get a job at "Cactus", they appreciate such people there laughing ... And the "argument" is so convincing, I immediately understood the whole "rotten" essence of the irreplaceable power, thank you for opening my eyes. good
          3. igorbrsv
            igorbrsv 29 September 2018 21: 31
            +1
            Have you seen this house yourself? Don't you find something suspicious?
      2. Bull Terrier
        Bull Terrier 29 September 2018 07: 46
        +3
        What a fabulous bullshit. A gas pipeline is an infostructure for delivering a product to a user. Transit costs money. Anyone can earn on it. They do not rub their hands and bite their elbows. This is the net profit that they will not get in the event of such actions. I understand your nagging, but you don’t have to consider all idiots around you.
        1. aybolyt678
          aybolyt678 29 September 2018 09: 44
          0
          Quote: Bull Terrier
          Transit costs money. Anyone can earn on it.

          well, so they will earn on land lease
      3. aybolyt678
        aybolyt678 29 September 2018 09: 42
        -1
        Quote: Snail N9
        the Russians alone will extend the pipe to us, and then, we will also "lower" them with the gas price - they have nowhere to go

        in defense of the existing government, with the caveat that it is still able to think about the future, the only thing that we can make it pay in rubles. And most likely again the sale of the homeland.
      4. Frieda
        Frieda 29 September 2018 11: 17
        +2
        Quote: Snail N9
        Gazprom will build a pipe for its own money, and in Germany they rub their hands with pleasure - they lit Russian suckers - instead of joint investments, the Russians alone will stretch the pipe to us, and then, we will also "lower" them with the price of gas - they should do it already, there will be nowhere, with the pipe "flew in" it is necessary to pay for it somehow ...

        Yes, you, as I look, in the subject. laughing , infa, apparently from Navalny FBK, the most reliable. German companies have already allocated money for the pipe and, moreover, transferred it to Gazprom's accounts, and for a long time. You don’t even disseminate disu ...
  4. aybolyt678
    aybolyt678 29 September 2018 07: 14
    +1
    it seems America is tormented by jealousy that Russia will become a raw materials appendage of Europe and not America
    1. Cavalryman
      Cavalryman 29 September 2018 07: 48
      +1
      Quote: aybolyt678
      it seems America is tormented by jealousy that Russia will become a raw materials appendage of Europe and not America

      Subtle malice and disrespect .. wink
    2. igorbrsv
      igorbrsv 29 September 2018 21: 39
      0
      Are they not yet "sitting on our pipe" wink
  5. Boris55
    Boris55 29 September 2018 08: 29
    +3
    The controlling stake in Gazprom belongs to the state. The oil and gas component in the country's budget is ~ 30%. The more gas we sell, the more money will be in the country's budget, the better we will live.

    The fact that the state owns only 51% of Gazprom's shares is of no importance to the "pipe". With these questions - to the deputies of our Duma. What laws they adopted, we live by that. The law on the nationalization of Gazprom will be adopted - all 100% of the proceeds from the sale of gas will belong to the state.
    1. Svarog
      Svarog 29 September 2018 09: 18
      +3
      Quote: Boris55
      They will adopt the law on the nationalization of Gazprom - all 100% of the proceeds from the sale of gas will belong to the state.

      It would be very good, but it won’t be until the left comes to power ..
      1. Boris55
        Boris55 29 September 2018 10: 09
        0
        Quote: Svarog
        It would be very good, but it won’t be until the left comes to power ..

        Who do you mean by leftists? LDPR with the SR or the Communist Party? Their coming, that some, that others, will not help radically change the situation. Moreover, the Communist Party had a numerical superiority in the Duma and it did not do anything for the people. Bourgeois are satisfied by one and the other, otherwise they would never have been in the Duma.

        Power from parties should go to the power of Soviets of People's Deputies. Any party always puts its inside party interests above the interests of the state. An example of this is the USSR, when the governing and directing (CPSU) was governed and managed until the state was completely destroyed.
        1. aybolyt678
          aybolyt678 29 September 2018 12: 59
          0
          Quote: Boris55
          Power from parties should go to the power of Soviets of People's Deputies

          House of Soviets safely shot from tanks. They will not stop and in front of nuclear weapons, if only to preserve their private property
          1. Boris55
            Boris55 29 September 2018 13: 17
            +2
            Quote: aybolyt678
            They won't stop

            We have no choice, otherwise Russia will face the fate of the USSR.



            You do not need to make revolutions for this. It is enough that each of us has mastered the elementary knowledge of management and the tops will never be able to manage as they please.
            1. aybolyt678
              aybolyt678 29 September 2018 16: 36
              +1
              Quote: Boris55
              It is enough that each of us has mastered elementary management knowledge and the tops will never be able to manage as they please.

              +++ you for your position. Let me just remind you that Putin once said that "as long as I am president, the retirement age will not rise." After that, any of his statements, not only me, are rather skeptical. If the authorities treat their responsibilities for the economic development of the country this way, then Russia will face the fate of the USSR
              Quote: Boris55
              We have no choice, otherwise Russia will face the fate of the USSR. hi
              1. Boris55
                Boris55 30 September 2018 07: 17
                -1
                Quote: aybolyt678
                Let me just remind you that Putin once said that "as long as I am president, the retirement age will not rise."

                On the 7 of May of this year, Putin reiterated his view that he was against increasing the retirement age. A week later, May 14 in an ultimatum form, Medvedev declares that there will be an increase in the retirement age. In St. Petersburg, Putin says that this is not a final issue and we are waiting for an opinion from the field.
                Not a single expert opinion on pension reform was heard from all types of electoral authorities, from any party, or from any trade union. The country's elite presented Putin with an ultimatum. For the sake of preserving the country, he was forced to accept it. More video from 8: 38.

      2. aybolyt678
        aybolyt678 29 September 2018 12: 57
        0
        Quote: Svarog
        It would be very good, but it won’t be until the left comes to power

        In Russia, this is only possible in case of war. The same need to cancel private property
        1. Boris55
          Boris55 29 September 2018 13: 19
          +3
          Quote: aybolyt678
          In Russia, this is only possible in case of war.

          In the event of a power crisis, Russia will inevitably face the collapse of at least the 24 republic.
    2. aybolyt678
      aybolyt678 29 September 2018 13: 07
      +1
      Quote: Boris55
      The more gas we sell, the more money will be in the country's budget, the better we will live.

      can you count? half of the proceeds from gas will go to Gazprom shareholders and they are very active in occupying enemy territories by purchasing real estate laughing
      the second half will go to the salaries of deputies, judges, officials - they also love overseas luxury goods.
      where is the prospect of developing the non-resource sector ?, I have never heard a detailed sane program, can you tell me?
      1. Boris55
        Boris55 29 September 2018 13: 27
        +1
        Quote: aybolyt678
        can you count? half of gas revenue will go to Gazprom shareholders

        And you?

        In my opinion, I wrote in Russian: "... That the state owns only 51% of Gazprom shares - it has nothing to do with the "pipe".

        Quote: aybolyt678
        the second half will go to the salaries of deputies,

        And here it seems like the same rules: "If they pass a law on the nationalization of Gazprom, all 100% of the proceeds from the sale of gas will belong to the state."

        Quote: aybolyt678
        where is the development prospect of the non-resource sector ?,

        1. A decrease in the oil and gas component in the country's budget from 70% to 30% is really not an indicator for you?
        2. You have to be a hollow idiot so as not to use what lies beneath our feet and because of what the United States puts the whole world on its ears.
  6. Berkut24
    Berkut24 29 September 2018 11: 23
    +1
    In addition, it should be noted that while Nord Stream 2 is still a project, and with a rather distant future, the buildup of alternative oil and gas supplies to Western Europe is a fact today.

    About the distant future ... in a year. By the end of the 19th. With one underutilized LNG plant, the Americans will not be able to do it any faster. But LNG is an alternative. Well, Novatek is not asleep with Rosneft. More than a dozen LNG tankers have been ordered.
  7. Ivan58
    Ivan58 29 September 2018 20: 50
    +1
    AND WE ARE THE DIFFERENCE ABOUT GAS PRICE. GAZPROM IS A NATIONAL DOMAIN. What are the citizens of Russia here?
  8. Tomich3
    Tomich3 30 September 2018 18: 54
    -1
    Most Russians are violet, Gazprom will complete its flow-2 or not. We are constantly raising prices for EVERYTHING, housing and communal services, gasoline, etc. Therefore, these are problems not of Russia, but of Vova and his friends. Enough to bind the interests of Russia and the oligarchs !!!!